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The Abbeville messenger. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1884-1887, February 08, 1887, Image 1

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VOL. 3. ABBEVILLE, S. C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, I887. NO. 18
TO SLEEP.
Ptmfr to me oowl O come! benignest Bloopl
Arid Told me up as overling doth a flower,
1-Yom tuy vain s?lf, and vain things which lmv?
power
Upon my soul to make me smile or weep.
And when thou cvuiasL oh, lllco denth be drept
?>'o dreamy Ikkju I of thee to crave,
More than may pome to hJm that tn his grave
In becdlons of the uigbt winds how they swwsp.
1 hare uot in me half thai cauno of sorrow
Which Ls in thousands who must not oomplntn;
And yet this moment, if it could bo mine
To )up*o and pans In sleep, and so Resign
Ail tbnt must yet bo borne of joy aud jeda,
1 .Hcaroely know If I would wake to-morrow.
?Patrick Proctor Alexander.
|.
TM& ABSENT-MINDED SECRETARY. |
X?t?r RenlMerod, Except In Tims of
UMttlfr? Doflnltlou of War.
A fow days before ho went to Georgia
to get married Socrotary Lamar hud occasion
to speak of his alleged absentmindedness.
His friends, who say ho
" -intended to invite his family and friends
to his wedding, but forgot to send out
tho invitations, recall what he said
then.
"It's nil bosh." paid Mr. Lamar, "to
call mo absent-minded. I was never
nbeent-inindod nor bewildered in my life,
except in battle. In official lifo I can
keep as straight and regular as a clock.
But I'll own up to getting bewildered in
battle. I never knew where I was nor
where the enemy were. After I had
been In two or tliree fights, I concluded
thnfc I irniHh In V Hrwrn enmn rlnfinito
of conduct- in a fight to which I could
hold mysolf, for if I did not, I could not
tell whoro nay bewilderment might 601110
day take me and my regiment. I deoided
that no matter what happened I
would always go ahead in a straight line
just as far as circumstances and the
enemy would let' xne. At the battle of
Williamsburg I followed this rule so far
that it nearly coat our, people the
servioes of myself and regiment. If
it had not been for A. P. Hill my first extended
acquaintance with the north would
have been made from the slender coign
of vantage to be load in a military prison.
I charged ahead so hot and so fast that
when 1 halted my entire regiment was
through the enemy's lines and in their
rear. Hill, however, came up on e-.ich
side of my regiment and drove tho enemy
back. As he rode up to me he said:
CoL Lamar, do you know where you
are?' I had to acknowledge a very
limited amount of information an that
point, and was never more surprised in
my life than to learn that I had gono
through the enemy's lines. Gen. Hill
told me to take my regiment to the rear
and lot his men go on, but I begged to bo
permitted to go on,, and so my regiment
was put in line with Hill's brigades and
& went on.
"I used to tbkik," Mr. Lamar wenton
x to say, "before I saw much fighting,
that the slaughter must be frightfuL I
could not soo how, where so many bullets
were flying, there was any chance at
all for men to escape being hit. Hut I
f. . . eoon wondered how anybody was hit at
all. My men that day at Williamnhurir
o
? * shot themselves all out of ammunition
% twice. When we went into liivouuc at
night I went about ariltin^ the boys how
jtfi tiiey felt. I met one big Miasiisippian
from my own town.
% " 'John, did you ftro off all your
.-.I' powder?'
C '*' " 'No,' ho said, 41 tried hard all day,
< colonel, to do my best, and I didn't Are
fiut twice. All day long I didn't draw
bead on a Yankee but twice. I've got
my ammunition here,' and he tapped his
a cartridge box.
44 4You fired twice?* I said. 4Did you
hit 'em those timen?'
?<{ ? iVotl ?1??1 "
^v.. - f? uuf IAJ u?u wio Truifij A
missed one Yank, and I'm in doubt about
tho other.'
gp; "That illustrates war," said the secretary.
"A lot of men jnarcb out and
proceed to create a lot of Occidents. Tho
. aide that can produce the most accidentR
?]' ' for the greatest number of consecutive
hours wins tho day."?"Wufiliiugton Cor.
Now York Sun.
'
Kgfgm Prom Across tho Ocotn.
"We assume that all friends of tho
*\ ' American hen aro not aware of the fact
fy~""" that the yolks and whites of eggs are imported
separately in immense quantities
Wi duty freo. This busiftoss only began
about five years ago, and is assuming
a;,larger proix>rtions everr rpur t* iol
f stated that everv Gorman steamer brings
over do2ens of barrels of egg yolks and
' hundreds of tin-lined, air-tight cases of
? ?gg albumen, or the white of eggs. The
jj\ albumen Is cousumed chiefly by candy
?- ; manufacturers and confectioners. Ithns
O'--} .'' tho quality of making the candy swell
Sgi. up and appear one-third larger. The
* manufacturers say this albumen 1 'aerates''
I r the candy. It makes it dry and sponge>0
t like, and candy made of it tastes as if it
S.ft * was infused with carbonic acid gas.
^ Formerly, tliere was a duty of 20 per
'"< cent, levied on egg yolks, out the mov
rocco and kid leatlier niauu/acture, working
through the grocers, got the duty removed,
on tho ground that egg yolk was
a food product and a necessity of life.
%v i Germany sends more of tills egg than all
other countries combined. The yolks
are liquid in form, mixed with about 12
pier cent, of salt. A barrel of egg yolks
???' '., t will weigh 600 pounds. The wholesale
' price of the product is fourteen cents per
? V*. pound. Indead. fho
_ .? 9 9 vMf j VCl lllUitS
K . manage to ship the whole ?g& over bore.
|4y shell and all. The shells are ground and
?W&,!- '. mixed with pipe clay, and the admixture
of rtiells gives the clay a peculiar gloss
r; and finish.?Boston Budget.
Pjjjjfefo The presence of wild geese !n the north*
- em part of Nebraska at this season is, ae'r
Wording to ,Jtho oldest inhabitant," in V
-ClcMWyut a nl'iort winter.
SOME QUEER OCCUPATIONS.
Olid Wa,m of Making a Living That
Some New Yorkers Hare Adopted.
Now York has not attained tho unique
distinction recently boasted by Paris ol
maintaining a l>eggar factory for maiming
little children, bo as to render them
objects of pity. Neither has it yol
reached tip to London in the possession ol
"rieccssarv stores.'' whoroirt evnrv north.
ly thing m u.so by man is kept on sale.
But, Kflor all. Now York is big enough
to supply m*iiy ingenious persons with
very curious occupations. Tho scheme
of our "clean towel company," nowly
started for supplying business offices with
clean towels and soap, we ought not tc
boast- of. since we borrowed their notion
from Clucago. We are alone, however,
in patiently permitting an audacious Teuton
near Chatham square to koep hand
organs in mischief by repairing them.
He assume* to replenish them with now
: tunee, but, of course, that is a fiction;
' for no hand organ was ever heard to play
any but bald beaded and middle agcrl
musiu. Now York maintains, also, at
least one establishment for fitting little
j children for the stage and ballet.
Two courageous New Yorkers follow
the useful but unpootic business of banging
their fellow citizens. They are not
prejudiced in faror of New Yorkers, hut
are easily fiersuaded to hang men elsewhere
throughout tho Union. It is always
pretended that no one knows theii
names and that only the sheriff of this
county has their addresses. One is a
Hebrew, dubbed "Isaacs," and the other
is a Germmi, called "Menzesheimer;"
but the city always lumps them both
under the one name of Joseph B. Atkinson,
and under that name they draw
their pay. Thov rie the callows ?nrl
finally cut the ropa. One other sanguinary
citizen, in Twenty-third street, swings a
shingle declaring him to bo "The Destroyer
of Moths. v
Four prosperous citizens earn their
livelihood as doctors for the Jap dogs of
rich womon. Ah a ruhv, the only medicine
tlvy use is starvation. Thoy fling
the dotix pets into barrel boxes and deprive
them of food for four days, having
found out that the usual trouble with pet
dogs ia that thoy are fed extravagantly
and improperly. Just east of tlte Bowery,
in a tenement house, resides a man whose
business it is to rent himself and his
Punch and Judy show to children's parties
in the brownstone wards. A person
on the Bowery keeps six or eight girle
busy framing wreaths and pictures ol
tombstones, whereon are set forth the
virtues of deceased New Yorkers, lie
follows where the death notices in the
papers lead him, and works upon tho
feeling* of the grief stricken families.
A rich Italian employs a horde of hla
countrymen to trim or balance the loada
upon the scows of our street ewcoplng
department. These trimmers save for
him Jill the rags, fat, bono, metal and
oilier convertible refuse fitmg into the
householders' ash barrels. Another man
is making a fortune by carrying off aH
the waste and refuse the city will not remove,
. such a* builders' leavings, dirt
from cellar diggings and eo on. The
builders pay him to take it, and then he
sells it in the suburbs for filling in sunken
lands.
Only one man la town pretends to keep
photograph* of all the notable persons in
the world. There is not room for two in
the business. Another citizen sells to
public men and corporations clippings
from ali the newspajtera that nientiou
them at five cents a clipping, addod to a
suljscripJii'n fee each year. Yet another
oltizen hunts up coats of arms and pedigrees
for all thoee who think theirs have
been overlooked, or that they n..ay get
them from families of the seme, or nearly
the same, names as their own. This is
quite English and therefore popular. It is
said that the carriage makers ore giving
away coo.tr, of arms like chromcw. Lawyer
Ed. Price, the ex-pugilist, has a
nionojxily as the attorney for tho Chineso.
The laundryinen nil seek him when in
troublo, and" always pay him in silver dollars.
The trade in painting black eyes
with a mixture of six parts white paint
and one part red now boasts several establishments.
It is not popularizing the
black eye. because it only covers up the
scandal wttbout removing the recollection
of tho accompanying "licking."
One New Yorker has posted himself
about all the unclaimed estates in Christendom
nnii fhlio Kw O IMotrnnon
?? - ? ?? |r. M ?? VdUtlUOO liiUlC
generous than most folks imagine. Another
Now Yorker searches the streets at
eight with a lantern for coins and purses
dropped during tho evening. A woman,
near tho city hall, takes oaro of the
babies whose widowed mothers have gone
out to work, and who check them, like
umbrellas, in the morning and call for
them in the evening. Many women in
the east side tenements take care of a
baby or two for their neighbors, but this
downtown one is, I think, the only regular
baby snfe deposit company or storage
warehouse in town. There is no matrimonial
agency or husbands' exchange
newspaper hero just now. There have
been many but all h$ve failed. That
scheme is not so profitable as that of a
man I met tho other day who told me he
trained valuable dogs to aeine straight
bock to him as often as he fold them. ?
Julian Ralnli in Ma 51 imrt P.ynmsa
To Ab*orb Vibration*.
To absorb the vibrations from the blow
of a hammer when the sound from a
work bench is felt in every part of the
building, set each of the legs of the bench
in a box of dry sand and allow the undu
lation from this disturbing element to
churn quartz for a while, which will not
leave vibrating energy enough to pass beyond
the floor of tab work boncb.?Boston
Budget.
MUSIC'S EFFECT ON NERVES.
I Blow Muntc Kxcrtn n Calming Influence,
llow to House the Splrltn.
, The fact remains that music <lues ae!
t powerfully on the majority of nervout
. i sy6toms, and there is roason to think thai
, ' tlio braiu is not alono affected. For ex;
ample, the movement of the lower limbs,
both in dancing and in marching, arc
distinctly influenced by music, independently
of the consciousness. When
tho brain at first participates in the ex(
citement produced it may Ijccoiiio en(
grossed with other matters,and rhythmical
muscular movements of the extremities,
, and in a lesser doirreo of thn tnmlf. will
, bo continued automatically in harmony
l with the music.
Direct impressions on the cerebral cen.
ters ajre probably transmitted througli
the auditory center. Thus monotonous
and slow music will exert a calming in
lluence, provided it be not too slow to b<
. in harmony with the nerve habit of the
individual, as in that case it may irritate.
1 It is also essential to the success of any
endeavor to bring the brain under con,
trol of music, that it should first arresl
the attention either by its power or sweetness,
and then gradually conduct the
. organism into harmony with itself. A
measured cadence of the sort, likely tc
; calm the mind is more likely to augment
. than to allay irritation, unless it begin
. with a powerful appeal to the brain in o
. koy wliich accords with that in which
, the cerebrum is at tho moment itsell
t working. This has not, perhaps, beer
. sufficiently well understood in some at1
tempts which havo been mado, experi;
mentally, to use music as a remedial
measure.
So w ith ondeavore to rouse the spirit
[ by music, tho opening needs to bo plaint
ive and in the key of melancholy which
k liarmonizes with tho brain state of tin
. patient. The attention boing arrested
and tho cercbrum reached through the
auditory center, tho koy must be grad
W.- nj vjiiui^cu U11\I iUV WIU1C ill
such manner as to change the brain state.
. No great progroas will be incdo with the
! employment of Bound, and form and
. color C3 remedial agents, powerful as
these agents really are, until wo dismiss
the unscientific idea of "mind," and
begin to regard the brain as an organ
j which, like all other parts of tho body,
, obeys physical laws and performs its
fmictions by purely physical processes,?
L London Lancet.
i
The Craa? for th? Stage.
i And you, every year brings up ite
Soup of ambitions young American
lies, tenderly nurturod beings, who doi
Giro to "go on tho stage." Tliey generally
corao off again in a year or two, and
conclude that plain sewing or school
teaching would be paradise aa compared
to tho life of a "lady actreaa."
If she goes off with a distinguished
nctress like Modjcaka shots not allowed tc
stop at the tunxo hotel with her; that ia
not eti?{ueLto. She may bo allowed tc
play soiiio very inferior part, and be
hissed for hor pains for doing it badly.
Sho is put under tho care of t,,e old
woman who plays tho part of "The
Dowager" do olegautly, and finds that
her guardian is a vulgar old person who
driii]ca too much. But we will suppose
her to be a pliiloeophio and patient girl,
capable of living down all these disagreements
of tho first year; but she has
has learned, alas! that the play looks bettor
before tho footlights than it does behind
it; thot sho lias stopped on the
wrong side of the illusion. It is not alone
that tinsol reigns instead of gold, or that
looking glasses are made of muslin.
It ia not tho rouge or the pearl powder,
or tho ugly company of ropes and pulleys,
dust and dirt everywhere; it is not alone
olw* U l U ,1_ !i1. -??
s?it*v nnw uiUOk 1UU IIC1 UOUV10 W1U1 ClUUlk
at emery movement, elBO they look black.
No. Sho learns that she has stopped into
another world whence all the "fun" of
Iirivnfre theatricals has vanished. She
earns that sho has stepped into another
world where all that she learned in her
own world goes for nothing. Her refinement
and education, her ladylike
air and pose, which sho thought would
fit her for the portrayal of ladylike
characters, these are all worse than useless.
She lias been obliged to raise her
voice and discord her manner, for the
trainer has pronounced both ineffectual.
However, sho has conquered her awkward
stago walk, and has learned that
the stage runs down hill. She has
reasoned that the primer of any language
is full of diflicultit*. fihft Rnvn fr? Vi^r
self that sho will succeed, "that H is
weak to be discouraged, that only
cowards run away."?Mrs. John Sheldon
in New York World.
CUm of Monntaln Lion*.
Mountain Hons attain a prodigious size.
Specimens arc often killed measuring nine
feet from tip to tip and weighing not far
from 2/50 to 800 pounds. Many more,
measuring from ten to eleven feet, are
frequently bagged, and occasionally a
monster reaching twelve feet in the dear
and perhaps longer is brought down by
some lucky and daring hunter. The hide
of this animal makes an excellent rug.
Scarcely a ranch in the wholo Rocky
mountain region is without a mountain
lion skin on the floor. One cattlo ranch
on Powder rivor has everv room carpeted
with handsome skins of this animal. The
hide is a bright brown on the back and
rump, but fades away into a soft white
brown towards the sides and beoomes almost
a pure white under the belly. The
toil is tipped with white and the head,
eyes, ears, nose and features are on exact
reproduction of tho domestic cat on a
larger acalo. The feet and claws are like
those of ' Tom and Maria."?Montana
oor. Philadelphia Times.
m
|||^|jj |jjj^ ' . / ||
SHOOTING AN OIL WELL.
Carton* Spectacle* Incident to Xaturnt
Ga? rrcitncllou?DnitRcrouH WorU.
5 For two hours recently I stood in a
, : bleak wind to witness tho process of
5 I "shooting" an oil well. This is acconi.
j plished by lotting down with a strong
j wire, on n windlass, tin tubes alxnit threo
, I inches in diameter and fourteen feet long,.
. ; filled with nitro-glvcerine. Each of these
t ! tubes will hold al>out twenty quarts of
. j the liquid. If the blast is to be mado at
. j the bottom of tho well, then the first can
I I or uu>c is iei aown to rest upon the l>ot|
toti. but it' tho stratum of rocks which it
[ is desired to "shoot" bo above the bottom,
r i as is frequently the case, then smaller
tul>es are fastened upon the first charged
. tuLe for a support. These may be thirty
l or fifty feet long, or even more. Tho
, lower ond of this tulx?, of course, rests on
. theJmttom of the well, and sustains tho
, charged tubes, which are carefully let
, down oue upon tho other until sixty,
eighty, or even a hundred quarts ai-e thus
r deposited. In doing this every movement
tnu^t b? made with the utmost caro,
and is attended with great danger.
The liquid weighs alxnit four pounds I
j to the quart, hence a great weight must
be provided for. On (lie upper end of tho
> topmost tube an explosive cap is placed.
The charge k; exploded by dropping an
t iron slug, called, in the nomenclature of
k the oil country, a "go devil." Cautious
t persons keep at a good distance. Tho
operator gives tho alarm and lets the slug
l drop. In a well 2,000 feet deep, filled
. with gas or oil. the weight may l>o twen.
ty or even twenty-flvo seconds in de[
seending. If tho well is clear of course
its d<*rent is more rapid. The first scn
sation one feels is a heavy thud, like tho
dropping of a great weight on tho rocks.
l The next a trembling of the ground, and
> then a rushing roar, followed by a hoarse,
[ .weird, prolonged whistle, ending in a
, slight explosion, and a stream of sand.
oil, water, pulverized "go devil," and
L tubas, nnd black gas goes shrieking into
tbo sir In a dense column 100 feet or
, more, nnd all is over.
I If tha blast is an effectlvo one it In imi
mediately followed by a flow of oil or
i gas. Often a dead and worthless well
[ will at once begin to flow after the shook.
t One we'd near Butler that was dead and
thought worthless was nwakened to aci
tivity byi r heavy blast and rewarded tho
owner with a flow of 700 barrels of oil
daily.
A sixty quart blast costa the owner of
tho well nl)out $100 including tho labor
, of placing it. This labor, as h;is been
( said, is attended with great danger.
Sometimer, when the well la full of gnu,
the torpedo, after descending a few hunI
dred feet, will l?e driven violently out of
I the well. In that case it i3 certain to exL
plode by hitting the timliers of tho derrick
or when it reaches the ground in its
; descent. In either case general destruc,
tion of everything i3 certain.
, Sometimes, ujx>n tho explosion of a
! torpedo in a well, n largo volume of oil is
, thrown into the air. This is often a sight
of surpassing beauty, tho oil breaking as
it falls into countless drops and each drop
| IxK-oming a prism to reflect the 6un's rays
in matchless coloring.
So far tho gas wells and oil wells are
treated alike.?Chicago Tribune.
A Sevan Y??rit' Underground Fire.
A matter which should be of interest
has recently been brought to light here.
This is the fact that firo has been found
Binolderinjr on the 1.(100-foot lov?l r>f th?
California that has endured ever since a
fire broke out in that niino about seven
years ago. At that time the part of tho
mine in which the fire occurred was
sealed up by means of bulkheads. A drift
now shows that tho firo is still alive. The
old timbers have been slowly charring,
and in places where covered with a great
weight of rocks and earth they have been
converted into what presents the appearance
of a fair article of bituminous coal.
This seems to be on account of pitch in
tho wood.
Some years ago there was brought to
this city a piece oC pitch pine taken from
an ordinary "coal pit, ono end of which
appeared to tie genuine bituminous coal.
This has been formed where there was
no great amount of pressure upon it.
When 6o small an amount of fire as is in
the California mine is found to endure
for seven years, should we be incredulous
when assured by men of science that
the center of tiio earth, once a molten
mass of rock, still remains in a molten
state after untold ages? How many
years the small bunch of fire in the California
will still remain alive it is impossible
to say. The drift that cut into it
has been securely closed, and it will
probably bo allowed to smoulder on for
another terra of years.?Virginia City
(Nev.) Letter.
Wrctchec1n?M la London.
The depth of London's misery was
illustrated by two scenes witnessed recently.
Ono waa at Billingsgate, where
Pl'fttllitnua iliaWhntlnn r\9 fnA.1
r- *vww .win
mndo, unci the distributors were wisely
intrenched hchind iron ban*. Brawny
men fought and struggled against the
bars for sodden pudding and muddy soup
until they were torn and bleeding, while
women and children, who wore unable to
get' near, sat on the curbstone and cried
hopelessly. Another was at a dinner
given by the St. Giles Christian mission,
where the criminal classes were invited
to come and satisfy their hunger. At
the door scores of honest men, who had
never seen the inside of a prison, accu.-*ed
themselves of crimes of all sorts in order
to gain admission, only to be ejected by
the attendants, who were not slow to discover
the story of fraud by tho hungry,
honest facett and horny bands.?London
Letter.
?- V.
DCATH IN A TURKISH BATH.
Tlw l,oii<t(iu C;ise Not No !< ?
littlou or Ohuho iiihI KfTVcl.
Tho recent rase of death in a Turkish
bath, really "from exeesBivo drinking, reported
hy The- Loudon Daily News, was
recently the text for a long article in
your Sunday edition, in which were
many reflections based more on imagination
than solid facts. There may bo
! danger in sleeping in a temperature of
120 deir.s.. but it is T"?/^
J wo hesitate to go to sleep because tho
I night is very hot? By no means. There
} is, however, great danger in the habit of
excessive drinking, whatever tho person
may do afterward, whether it be going
to the Turkish bath or to church, but tho
hath would bo the safest place, to go at
that time. The habit of the bath i* a
most laudable one, and is to be encouraged
at all times, as it tends to the welfare
and betterment of the community?
to elevate and not degrade man. It is on
the side of virtue and not of vice.
Because some may at times use it to
get relief from their excesses is no more
the fault of the bath than is the fact that
peoplo will sin during the week and go
to church on Sunday to get absolution
the fault of the church. People are not
made weaker or debilitated by the bath.
On tho contrary, they are made stronger
i aud more vigorous, and more able to use
I what strength they have. Disease ; nd
bad habits most certainly weaken, but
the bath never. Let us look a little further,
and not hastily say when a man
dies that the last thing ho touched killed
him. There is too much reasoning from
the surface. Is tho sun to be blamed for
bringing noxious air froi* undrained
swamps? If 0110 takes a Turkish bath
to-day and to-morrow is attacked with
rheumatism or other diseases, is that the
fault of the lxith? Emphatically no! If
it is a fact that tho bath is weakening,
how is it that, persons weakened and debilitated
by disease* can take ono or two
baths a day and rapidly recover?
Agaiit, how ia It that tho attendants
have worked in tho heat of tho bath several
hours daily for years and not lost a
day from sickness? A fact most prominent
in relation to these attendants is that
they invariably improve in health and
strength after commencing that kind of
work. Mr. D. Urquhart, to whom
modern civilization is indebted for the revival
of the ancient ottoman, or Turkish
bath, a3 it is now called, states, in the
"Manual of the Turkish Bath," that tho
best shampooing ha over received was
from c. man 80 years old, who had been
a worker in tho luith aince he was 8 3*ears
of ago. The frequent use of tho Turkish
bath, instead of being killing, is enlivening
and helps to prolong life and increase
its vigor. A person who is given to excrss
in drink and who makes frequent
u.->e of tho Turkish bath is therefore more
likely to live longer tlian if he did not uso
tho bath. The daily uso of the bath has
been found in many cases of great advantage
to persons in ordinary health, By
that means they aro fortified against dis
u!w>o sum ineir systoms toned up ana invigorated.
Death has como to man in
the pulpit, on the ferryboat, at the table.
Is it at all wonderful that it uhould couie
to one while in tho bath, when ho has
taken the surest eou?*se, by dissipation, to
bring that condition about! Rest assured
the bath, in and of itself, is not tho thing
to hasten that time.?Charles H. Shepard,
M. D., in Brooklyn Eagle.
Rilling Paupers In Inrndon.
The business of killing paupers in the
London workhouses goes on merrily. Of
course no account is made to the public
of those who are starved to death, but no
less tlu?n five cases of death from cruelty
or neglect have been uncovered within a
fow weeks. Epileptics in one institution
were allowed to roam about unattended,
and qno fell into tho flro and was cremated.
Nurses bound tho hands of an
old blind woman to save themselves a
littlo trouble, and tho poor creature was
found dead in her bed with her wrists
tied tight together. Injuries by nurses
caused the death of a helpless paralytic.
An imbecile, very old, was beaten with a
strap so that he died. A man, 60 years
old and feeble, was given a cold bath,
was seized with a chill and died before
the two attendants who murdered him
ftnnlrl awt. him rm<- nf f.Vin w?f/?T
The deaths that result from similar
treatment that are never heard of must
outnumber by scores thoso which aro
made a subject of inquiry. Of each fifteen
deaths that occur in the city of
don, one is in the workhouse, ami of each
nine, one is cither in the workhouse or
hospital. The inmates of tho workhouse
are fed on spoiled meat, decayed vegetables
and bread which "would answer
woll for modeler's cluy," as one daring
guardian expressed it. Of course, a lot
of people are getting rich on tho contracts
for supplying food.?London Letter.
rri. . /v? . - a? ? -
AUV Muiucr AgroQinoni*
Tho queen mother of Spain has ^made
agreement with her creditora by which
she keeps $200,000 of her revenue and
they take the remaining $120,000. Her
life is heavily insured.?Chicago Times.
An Onyx Qnnrry.
There is nil onyx quarry at Now Suisin,
Cel., and 100 tons of it were KhlppOd to <
New York lately to bo made into mantels,
bureau tope, etc., while some of it will
be worked into jewelry.
The coet of introducing a girl into society
in New York and carrying her nuo- ,
cessfullv tltmmrh Ann OMOA" io -v.*!"""4"'1
J ? ? v?.W kAJUUVtl IO VOV1UXUWLI
at $1,608.
It ia estimated that over 500,000 alliga- 1
tore oro killed annually for their skina.
n?r?a???b??i??a?n??i
THE ANSWER OF PARIS.
Sly Helen. witl? 1j- prand Greok oyes,
Made by heaven most |niro anil wise.
Thou ?lost bid the winds <>f j?>y
Whisper thee of Ion* lost Ti\?y!
My llelon, with thy prove (Jroek lips i
Carved in drnth'Hlast sxveot. euiipso,
Thou dost l?Id thi' inunn'rous sea
Tell Troy'B burial plnco to thpoi"
I)cop In northern snows two meet.
Two whoso love iu full, completes
Anil beneath a southern kuh,
Two whom love hath innilo as ono.
My IIel?'n! I/?t me touch thy hand
Wliero love dwells?still Troy doth stand.
? Fannin Aymar Mathows In Home Journal.
THE SAFE DEPOSIT VAULT.
How "Wraith Tries to Make Afitmranco
Doubly Sure?Locks and Safes.
It is a long way, in fact, from tho
simple contrivances of classic times for
protecting ready wealth to the coffers
and money chests, tho secret drawers
and guarded treasuries of Florence and
Venice. And from them it is still a
longer ono through the clumsy sp.fcs and
rude locks of the last century to the present
almost perfect troasuro vaults, proof
against fire or llooil, against both sharp
edged tools and any charges of ]>owder or
dynamite that a burglar may safely use.
The present safety vault has of course
grown out of tho old safe, and is really
oidy a porfcctcd modern bank safe on an
enlarged plan. The average safe is an
iron and steel bos, some four to n'x feet
in height by four feet in breadth and
depth. It has a tliick door, made in half
a do>:on lavers of unequal size, heavily
I bnltnrl tocrnMmr ?.?-! 1
.?auw.u., u.m u^v.113 UJ U
tion of movements on an exterior knob.
Tho safo dejKwit vault is another big
box, also of steel and iron, some ten feet
in height and twelve feet in length, built
in, like a prisoner's cell, with a heavywall
of brick, mortar and cement, and
opening by a door almost a foot in thickness
into a larger room which contains it.
All that ingenuity can do has been dono
to make the body of tho vault impregnable
and to put the secret of tho intricate
lock beyond chance of guessing. Tho
cell insido is lined with drawers and
boxes, each lockod and bolted. The
wholo thing is a safo within a safo, making
afisuranco doubly sure at but slightly
higher rates for nervous aud cautious dejxwitora.
Safe doposit vaults are built by only
few of tho large safe makers. The metal
used for the walls of tho vault is a mbcturo
of iron and steel, melted together at
high heat and tempered throughout as
finely and evenly as possibly. The result
is a homogeneous, almost flawless surfnc.o.
which defies aliko the burglar's
tools or the flames of a Life fire. A wall
three inches in thickness is laid on in
nlates with heavy bolts of the same material,
and tho wholo side is then shut in'
with a stout covering of fire "proof brick
and a finely mixed cement. Particular
care, of course, is taken with the door,
which is tho only part exposed after the
outer wall is built. The plates are doubled,
bruccd and re-braced, of various sizes according
to tho layers, over lapping and
falling short, but all so piled and blended
together that while one holds all will
hold and the treasures within will still be
safe. Tho lock combination is made so
intricate, too, that it needs one man's
mind working all the time to keep up
with it.
Th? ^ ^ 1
? inuAW iswuipuruitveiy
smoll now, but the raakoro agree JthSt '
there will be a large increase in the
number used beforo ten years pass.
People are just l>eginning to realize what
mental relief it is to have one's valuables
absolutely socuro from accident or theft,
and that comfortable feeling is sure to
spread even if it entails the building of
costlier safety vaults than those wo have
now.?New York Tribune.
DifTunton of Wealth,
Twotifv milliAno
. VI UUWUB 111 U VlilUgU
does not make that village rich if it is all
owned by two mon; but if that amount is
spread evenly all over the village then it
ia different. Money in the hands of one
or two men ia liko a dungheap in a barnyard.
So long as it lies in a mas3 it does
no good, but if it was only spread evenly
on the land how everything would growl
Money is liko snow. If it is blown into
drifts it blocks up tho highway and
nobody can travel, but if it lies evenlv
distributed over all the ground it facilitates
every man's travel. Wealth ia good
if diffused, but not if hoarded.?Henry
Ward Beecher.
Ofttlng Up False Fnooa. *
A number of men, women and children
make a living by getting up false
faces, which find a ready Bale during the
Koll ~?1 J -
v?? uviiouu aiiu uiwimu wirisimua umSi
It requires no littlo ingenuity and artistic
skill to make these groteaque combinations
of paint and cardboard which dolight
the children, and 6erve to lighten
up the graveyard gloom of the ordinary
public mask ball. The beet feilso faces,
however, come from Franco, and are
coated with wax before being painted.?
New York Journal.
* nocographlng r lying (lull*.
An example of the speed with which
pictures can now bo produced 5m afforded
by a photograph of a number of flying
puns taicon at aoutnporc i?y a local
photographer, Mr. Mall in. Tho various
attitudes of tho birds arc curious. Most
of them have the winga aprond In tho orthodox
manner, but some of them aro
caught in that curious position with tho
wings hanging down, which, from the
shortness of the time during which it is
maintained, the eye does not appear to
catch. About sixty birds are shown
quite sharply and distinctly.?London
Times. 3

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