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TWO HIttTORW DOCUMENTS
ii '?<& __
Wntfe HeniPtoo'H Kloqumt B^ply to
?horman'? jaraneas Letter.
Tim following . correspondence be
tween General Sherman, the modern
Duke of Alva, and General Wade
Hampton should be of interest to the
?urUng ??cn, not only of the So'itii, but
ejxhe North aa well. It ahowa some
fi? Olag or the firm and desperate deter
mination of the Confederate soldiers
^P^tt protect the honor of the Southern
even at the risk of wax to the
jKhe Incident to which allusion is m >
% m General Hampton in thia corres
?Bndeuce was an outrage committed
fi Feaatervllle by a lieutenant In
?? merman's army, who was soon after
Hards shot for lt He killed the father
of tho house sod the outrage which
allowed left the daughter a white
;>;...' Raired imbecile.
S&t ls because of outragea like thia
Sat Southern man cannot understand
iiy some Northern people greet the
uthern guests with the air. "March,
t Through Georgia.'* They aeem to
ink lt appropriate. They would not
lt If they knew what inhuman deeds
Headquarters In the Field, Feb. 24,
lieutenant General Wade Hampton,
^Commanding the Cavalry Forces,
^Confederate States Army:
"General: It ts officially reported to
t?ti that our foraging partie* are mur
flared after capture and labeled,
"?)eath to all Foragera." One Instance
OT a lieutenant and several men near
Chesterville, and another of twenty,
*Jiear a ravine eight roda from the
nain road" about three miles from
gfeast orville. I have ordered a flml
k, . Br number of prisoners In our hands
to be disposed ot in a similar manner
?I hold about 1,000 prisoners, can
red in various ways, and can stand
as long: aa you and would suggest
at you give uottce to tho people at
Kge that ovary life taken by them,
iply results in tho death of one ot
oar Confederates. Of course, you can.
At question ioy right to forage on the
fbuntry. It is a war right as old aa
?Story. The manner of exercising lt
M Uries with circumstances, and if tho
Aril authorities will supply my re
Bb' jfiisltions, I will forbid all foraging.
Sufi can find no civil authorities who
Ao respond to ray calls for forage or
''; , vnnrtslons, therefore I must collect
directly of the people. I have no
a?bts that thia is the occasion of
much misbehavior on the part of our
San; but I cannot permit an enemy
fif Judge or pdnish with wholesome
' Marder. 1 regret the bitter feelings
I.. .. ondcrsd by this war, but they were
U% ?fcbe expected, and I almly allege that
!;.oia who struck the first blow sud
. ovMable, ought not In
. . proacn us for the nat
?aacea. 1 merely ?asert
??tfltf aod my resolve
foragers to the extent
I am. with respect, your obedient
W. T. ' Sherman.
Major General United Slates Army.
To this bombastic fulmination. Gen
eral Hampton returned the following
Headquarters in the Filed, Feb. 26,
Major General W. T. Sherman, United
General: Your communication of
the 24th instant reached me today.
In it you state that lt has been offi
cially reported that your foraging par
ties ara "murdered after capture" You
go on to say that you have "ordered
a similar number of prisoners in our
hands to be disposed of in like man
ner," that ia to say, you have ordered
number of Confederate soldiers to be
"murdered." You characterise your
order in proper terms, for the public
voice, even in your own country, where
it seldom dares to express Itself In
vindication of truth, honor, or Justice
will surely agree with you in pro
nouncing you guilty of murder If your
order ls carried out. Before dismiss
ing this portion of your letter, I beg
to assure you that for every soldier
of mine "murdered" by you, I sbsll
have executed at once two of yours,
giving lu all cases preference to any
officers who may be in my hands.
In reference to the statement you
mtke regarding the death of your
foragers, I have only to say that I
know nothing about lt; that no orders
given by me authorise the killing of
prisoners after capture, and tbag*JL?W
not believe my men killed any of yours
except under circumstances In which
lt waa perfectly legitimate and proper
that they should kill them. It la a
part of the syatem of the thieves,
whom you designate as your foragers,
to fire the dwelinga of those citizens
whom they have robbed. To check
thia Inhuman system, which is Justly
execrated by every civilized nation. I
have directed my men to shoot down
all of your men who are caught burn
ing houses. This order shall remain
in force aa long as you disgrace the
profession of arms by allowing your
men to destroy private dwellings.
You say that I cannot of course
question your right to forage on the
country-it is a right as old aa his
tory." I do not, slr, question thia
right. But there is a right Older even
than this, and one more inalienable
tbe right that every man has to defend
bia home and to protect those who are
dependent upon him; and from say
dependant upon him; and from my
heart, I wish that every old man and
boy in my couta try who can fire a gun
would shoot down as he would a wild
beast, the men who are desolating
their land, burning their homes abd
Insulting their women.
You are particular in defining and
claiming "war right?." May I aak if
you enumerate among these the right
to fire upon a defenceless city without
notice: tn burn that ettv tn th? ??niinil
after it had beep surrendered by the
Inhabitants, who claimed, though ttl
vaia, that protection which is always
B ef o?
accorded in civlllaed warfare to non-*
combatants; to dre the dwelling hous
es citisena after robbing thom; and
to perpetrate even darker crimes than
these-crimes too black to be men
You have permitted, ir you have not
ordered the commission of 'these of
fences against humanity and the rules
of war; you fired on the city of Co
lumbia without a- word of warning;
after its aurfender by the mayor, wno
demanded protection to private prop
erty; you laid the wb?le city In ?.shes,
leafing amidst ita ruins thousanos of
old men and hs#pi*o? women /tad
children, who are likely to perish of
starvation and exposure. Your line bf
march can bo traced by the lurid light
of burning houses, and in more than
one household there is now an agony
worse than that of death. The Indian
scalped hts victim regardless of age or
sex, but with ?ll ita barbarity he al
ways respected the persons of his
female. captives, if or s soldiers, more
savage than the Indian, insult those
whose natural protectors are absent.
In conclusion, I have only to re
quest that whenever you have any
of,' for the terms appear synonymous
ot my men "murdered" or "disposed
with you, you will let me hear of lt,
that I may know what action to take
In the matter. In the meantime I ahall
hold fifty-six of your mea as hostages
for those you have ordered to be exe
I am yours, etc.,
... . WADE HAMPTON
'-'In the face of this threat of re I ta
tton it la safe to say that Sherman re
considered his ill-advised proposition
to "murder bia defenseless prison
AX mSKLFlSH HERO
Tribute to the Confederate President
By Judge Reagan.
The Hon. John E. Reaan, the last
living member of the Confederate cab
inet, delivered a eulogy to President
Davis. Ha said la part:
To me has been assigned the duty
of saying' io a brief way something of
the character and service of the Prest
ident ot the Confederate States, the
beloved Jefferson D&vts. My asso
ciation with Mr. Davis daring our
great struggle and the very high op
inion I formed of his disinterested and
patriotic devotion to the cause of -th?
Confederacy and of his unvarying
constancy and courage, makes the diu
ty moat agreeable, except that I re
cognise, my inability to gi vie such as
account? of bis character ead portrayal
of hts services ea ts due to bis mem
"To say that he was an honest man,
a brave soldier, an able statesman, s
sincere patriot and an earnest Chris
Usn does not give a full idea of ht*
character. In one respect there war
by some persons some misapprehen
sions of his character. It was nomo
imr-erlou^a??d'"??ubbotn , Those if
close contact ead association with "hin
did not so regard him.
"I bare heretofore expressed the f
view and now repeat it, that practt- 1
catty he had two characters, or rather t
two methods of thought and action, t
White in his private life he was, gen
tleness and kindness, in the discharge i
of his public service he seemed to he i
guided almost Wholly by a sense of 1
duty. And he seemed to expect those
who conferred with bim about public '
matters to address themselves direct
ly to the matter under consideration,
and was not at all times patient with
such persons as sough' to occupy his i
time with general conversation or as i
to matters about which th?;y would i
give him no information. i
"It will be readily understood that
one who occupies a position in which i
bia whole time was necessarily'given
to the discharge of important public
business, could not permit the time
to be wasted in commonplace conver
sation or ta listening to - mon who
could give, him no real information.
This doubtless created the idea
with such persons that he was self
willed and imperious,.
"Another mistake as to his charac
ter made by some persons bas been
that he would not listen to advice on
matters of Importance. More than
four years of constant contact with
him as a member of his cabinet 'en
ables me to say that this was n great
mistake. HU habit was when he bad
to act to exhaust all nvailible sources
of information on it before coming to
a conclusion, always consulting free
ly with the members of bis cabinet
and with others who might be able to
give him information After doing
this and reaching his conclusion the
matter was settled w;th lav, unless
the presentation of now friert required
further consideration. Ho had not
time to eo?sid?r question i upon the
rame facts. In the position h? occu
pied vacillai ?cn would no! have bren
as bad aa erroneous decuri?n on the
"I speak ot these points because !
think in- these respects some injury
has been done to his memory.
"In solitude President Devis work
ed for tr f- success of the Confederate
army ana often in places under heavy
"At the Battle ot 8ev?n Pines (Pair
Oaks) I aaw General Lee and C.ener
al Magruder under a heavy Are o'
musketry and remonstrate?, against
him so exposing himself for there was
ao necessity for his doing so. During
the several da>s fighting .M?: Rich
mond, he was exposed tb the enemy's
fire and General Lee ordered bim to
quit the field. Some days after, Gen.
Lee appeared In tho cabinet, Mr. Davis
Jocularly aald he had supposed he waa
commander-in-chief and that General
Lee was under him even In the field,
and on the daf of the Battle of Rich
mond and Petersburg 1 saw Mr. Da
vis tn company with Generals Lee and
Beauregard under fire of the enemy':-,
sharpshooters for a long time, while
several persons were being hit ead tine
6?>?i*.!?T uOy StSudt?s nour VII? pi sst- ;
deni, bad his arm ?hot off by a shall.
The officers urged' him to retire from
the field ?ts hts exposure waa anheces
?fj ' ' 'fr* j "\V.
. I" .ft* ?"C.4? 4. >fc ?
Air- He auld he felt as I did, that
ie could reader no service .there* bat
hat it would have been an unpleasant
bins to ride off under fire.
"Mr. Davis had tho courage of "ich.
ird Coeur de Lion and the consistency
ind love of liberty of Cato God bless
MIK SONG OF.DIXIE
FOB CONFEDERATE CHOIH8
Lovers of "Dixie" have long felt that
that the words of the South's national
song abpuld express less nonsense and
more patriotism; that the .'.ord'- of tba
Ft;mg should be worthy of Ita inspir
ing music, and so lt ls that we submit
the "Dixie" which is endorsed by the]
United Confederate choirs of Amerl
Ob! Dixie Land la tho Land of Glory.
The lend of cherished song and story;
Lpek away. Look away, Look away,
Tia the land that patriota love to
The land our fathers fought and tell
Look away, Look away, Look away,
I am glad I live in Dixie, Hurrah,
Ia Dixie Land I'll take my stand, to
lire and die for Dixie
Away, Away, Away down South lp
Away, Away, Away down .South In
The Blue and Gray went out to battle.
Look away, Look away, Look away,
The tight we lost, but aron a glory
Which will last till Time is hoary.
Look away, Look away. Look away,
Still Dixie ta tba lead of freemen
Of Soldiers brave and gallant seamen;
Loud they made war's thunder rattle;
The land where rulea the JS?glo-Saxotf.
The land of Darla, Lee' and '' Jackson ; -
Look away. Look away. Look away,
And Dixie's acne will stand together
Through sunshine and stormy weather
Look away. Look away, T<ook away.
Tho' lightnings flash and'ntoyataSn*'
Count on the gallant South forever ;
Look away. Look away. Look - away,
* Dixie Laad.
We hope that all who are Interested,
especially the Daughters of tba Con
federacy and the pupila of tba city
schools wll clip Otu "Dixie" from Ute
paper ?ad preserve it, that wa may all
become familiar with tba words.
. Musical Committee
Before Kowanee, ZU.,' weat "dry"
a result of the local optioa election
recently, one person purchased sixty
dozen bottles ot beer, which he figures,
will last him for two yeera, provldan
bc continues only on? bottle dailv I
M ? #53
You cannot poets-Landerstand
.Unless you visit po*t's land.-Gothe,
Antony and tleoPatra
(By Win. H? Lytle.)
.William Haines urtle waa born In
Jincinnatti November 2, 1826 and died
>n September 20, 1163. After gradu
itlng 'at coller? he studied law, vol
unteered at the beginning of the Mex
ican war and served aa captain to its
Dlose, when he resumed his practice;
vas elected to tbs Ohio Legislature,
commissioned Colonel In the - Civil
var and was kiped while leading a
charge at Chlacaniauga at brigadier
general of volunteers.
I am dying Egypt, dying,
Ebbs the crimson life tide fast,
And the daile. Platonic shadows,
Gather on the evening blast.
Let thine arms, O, Queen, enfold me.
Hush thy Robs and and pow thine
Listen to the great heart secrets
Thou, and thou alone must hear.
Though my ?(g^red and veteran le
And my vrre<
Though no gj
I must pei
Die the gi
?Eies high no mere,
M sad acatter'd galleys
Actlura's fatal shore,
?geling guarda surround
their master's will,
like a Roman,
it Triumvir still.
Let not Cigar's servile minions
Mock thallon thus laid low;
Twas no f Ansa's arm that fell'd him,
Twas hlSwn that struck the blow;
HU who. wlbwM on thy bosom,
Turn'd ?de from glory's ray,
His who jBfunk with thy caresses.
Madly Sew a world away.
Should til base plebean rabble
Dare ajpll my name at Rome, ' /
Where ns noble spouse, Octavia,
Weepsflrithln her. widow's horpe.
Seek hefjsay the goda:wWr. wUnese
Altars? augers, circling 'wings
That bel blood with mine ebmmlngled
Tet still mount the throne of kings.
the splea?b? of thy smile
? Caesar, crowns, and arches,
ls brow the laurel twine,
ira the Senate's triumphs,
'ting ta tove like thine.
ying. Egypt, dyja? /.
I the insulting Oman's ciy.
re e*ntag! Q*ick tnyialchlon!
ie treat these ate I ale
more aro? the battle
fae!! my heart .gaiting swell,
Ira sad Osiris guard thea!
Cleopatra, Rotas, farewell.
smmkh ?15^ ww????!?.?
-*-rili Witheraaooa tiarr. tta ttl?
ion of Thomas Reeder, Gary and Mary
inn Porter waa born the 10th day of
March 1831, at Cokeabury, Abbeville
bounty, S. C. He entered the South
Carolina college In 1880; but two
rears later in consequence of an un
successful attempt to induce tba Fac
ility to do sway with the commons
hal! his class resigned, and with a
iiuuibe? of his fellow students, he en
tered the Junior Class at Harvard,
(rom which he graduated with dla tui
tion in 1854. He studied law under
Chancellor Carroll, at Edgefietd, and
In 1855 was admitted to the har.
As a member of the So&th Carolina
legislature in 1860-61, he was ga sir-,
dent supporter of the Ordinance of
Secession and upon war,being declar
ed went at once Into the service aa
captain of the 'Watson Guards, Com
pany B, Hampton Legion. Gen. Gary
served as captain, lleuter.ant-Colonti.
colonel, brigadier general, and maj
or general from the first Battle of
Manaasas to Appomattox C. H.? being
in twenty-five battles. When Lee sur
rendered, Gen. Gary refusing to hand
over bia sword to. the conqueror?,
made his way through the linea of the
enemy, never accepting pardon or par
role. He Joined President Davis* par
ty at Greensboro, N. C., and escorted
them to Cokeabury, S. C., whare the
next to the last cabinet meeting waa
held in hlh mother's house.
'?. After the aar, Gen. Gary resumed
the practice of bis profession at Bd
gefield, and was soon recognised ss
one ot'the leading lawyers of titi
Stat?. He took an activa part in poli
tics, and it was tn his house at Edge
field that tho plan of campaign of 187?
for the entire state waa originated. He
personally took charge of tt)e cam
paign In. Edgefteld county, whare Gov.
Chambrelatn was completely routed
by Gea, Gary's red shirts, and it wa
on thia occasion that ha waa dubbed
"the Bald Essie of EdgeJJeld." In re
ply to ho* many votes Edgefteld .could
give to Hampton, his untque. easvw
waa; "How many does the ?tate needf'
Gen. Gary, tbs jurist, patriot, hero
eta team an, died st his home in Edge
field on April the Otb UM tba anal
versary of the day on which ha made
that memorable reply: "South Caro
linians never surrender.
. ? . . . * a s e s e s e e e . m e e
.* DE. W.H. WOODS .
. 8P?CIAU8T .
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