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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 167 Weekly, Established 18*0? Daily, Jaa.1?, liJA
ANDERSON, S. C., SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1914,
PRICE FIVE CENTS
$5.00 PER ANNUM
The Die is Casi; Fighting Has Begin
Has For Some Time Seemed ?ne1
Powers Are Forced Into
(By Associated Pres?.)
London, August 1.-Events in the European crisis, developed
today with startling rapidity. The German ultimatum to Russia, de
manding that Russia cease the mobilization of her army, expired at
noon, and at 5:15 o'clock (his afternoon the German emperor sign
ed a mobilization order.
War Declared. j
At 7:30 o'clock the German ambassador at St. Petersburg,
Count von Pourtales, delivered a declaration of war in the name of
his government to the Russian government and the entire staff of the
cmbassay immediately left St. Petersburg.
' Although after the warlike speeches delivered by- the German
emperor and the imperial chancellor at Berlin on Friday, no other
result could be expected, hopes that the dread event might be averted
had been raised by the intervention of King George in St. Petersburg
and the fact that the German Reichstag was not to be convened until
Tuesday. Hence the actual declaration of war had not been ex
pected for another day or two.
Now the. die is cast and Europe is to be plunged into a general
war which has been the apprehension of European statesmen for,
generations. It is now only a question of how soon a state of actual
warwill exist between Germany,and France. .. ... : \"
mobilization and the Gerrrian^ ambassadors'although' rie>Md not been
handed his passports, was preparing to leave the French capital. It
is not known at exactly what hour Germany's ultimatum to France,
asking that country to define what attitude she would assume in .case
of War by Germany and Ausrtia against Russia was to expire, but is is.
believed it will not be long before diplomatic relations will be ruptur
ed or war declared. . '
Germany Defends Move.
The German emperor and his advisers have maintained to the
last that they made supreme efforts for peace and that the .last of
appeals from Emperor William to Emperor Nicholas was a telegram
repudiating responsibility for the calamity threatening the world on
the ground that While Germany was mediating with Austria-Hungary
at Russia's request, Russia by her general mobilization was threaten
ing "Germany's safety.
The first shots in the Russo-German war w?re exchanged today
between, patrols near Protsken, 120 miles southeast of K?nigsberg.
Italy Remains NeutraL i
The only redeeming feature of the darkest prospect with which
Europe has been faced for half a century is that Italy has declared
her.neutrality, . How long that neutrality can be. maintained is an ex
ceedingly debatable question.
^ England's Attitude.
Great Britain's position already has been defined-by Premier.
Asquith in'the British parliament. He decl?red.she is under rio formal
obligation to go to the assistance of France in the event of' an Eu
The British government tins made, full preparations in both ser
vices for any event. . . \
Nations Involved. j,.
The present position, therefore, is that Russia, Franc*, and Ser
via are arrayed on one/sideagainst/% Austria-Hun^
on the other. How long the warfare'will be. confined to this plane, it
is impossible to foretell, nor can it be foretold whether Belgium and
Holland wilt be able to maintain their neutraiity against their powet
Jul neighbors, or whether Great Britain will find herself compelled
to send an expeditionary force to attempt to preserve that neutrality,
Another factor which has not been given much consideration is
V the attitude of Turkey, which, if she has sufficiently recovered from
the effects of hfjr^Iat?ivar with Italy, may be able to throw consider
able; weight into jhe scale, ii is generally/understood that Germany
has an effective ? rriay lead to inter-,
The^ ?abihet ^ill meet again.' tomorrow to "Consider Great Bri
tah's attitude in the crisis.! The government will have to make Us
momentous decision between the twp schools of thought which pre
\, vail, here--one advocating that England /hol? aloof and only seek
to protect Dutch and Belgian neutrality, and the -other arguing that
$hc entente With 'France entails England: going; tov the assistance of
France if that country is
?ue^pit? the ther$.is.a;fr???idiy' feeling'between
England?ind ^frn?hy. lt is impossible to avoid observmg* among the
general public ^
\ "(ConUnuod on Psge Three?)
- ' .
i lin % War That
Of The War
(By Associated Press.) .
Paris, Angust 1.-The connell of
ministers has been snmmoned to meet
Immediately nt the Elys?e ?mime.
St. Petersburg? August 1.-The lier?
?Bon. ambassador In the name of hi?
government-, sent to the Russian mini
nV;r ut foreign nfti'lr* nt 7:80 ??YI?H-k
tonight a declaration of war. The an.
nouncement ls made by Ute St. Peters
barg telegraph ageney which ls con
sidered tho official news agency ol
Berlin, August lr-A setal-offlcal
statement Issued tonight says that the
threatening danger of. war neces?tate*
that' military ni eas ure H be taken for
protection of the German frontier and
raliway Uses; Ifcstrlctlons, therefore,
! he po^
Brailia, A?s?5t ir-The Franck,
minister today lalor med the Belgian
government that France wBl respect
Belgian neutrality In the event of war
brooking ont, but If that neutrality ks
not respected by tbs other powers she
mest consider what action to take.
London. August 1.-After a confer
ence between Premier Asquith and
Chancellor ol the Exchequer Lloyd
George and leading London financiers
lt was decided to Introduce a bill In
Parliament on Monday ?to deal with
tho flnaacial situation." This doubt
less mean? that the banking act will
London, August L-It was annuunc
cd her? tonight that Germany had de?
cia red war against BUB s la.
. St Petersburg, AuguBt ? lr-Martial
law-was 4eclu*ed-tonight in. St. Pet
ersburg and tho suburbs of the capi
ng . ? ; '
. ' j. BULLETIN
CroatBrltaia'ana France har? formal.
frasgffim.tfaUcd- States to take
chMXf?j/fit ? ie r^?BbasBles throughout
^ tJ^jtltVo? k?stllltles ?in wo of
Tfe?^S&.fitAtea will oct for the
power? tatotrea and American ambas
oador? and minister? abroad are being
matract<MU:v . .
'. BULLETIN -
Paris? A?Hb^t lr-An unofficial but
creditable report ls carrent here In
diplomatic elreles that Austrla-Hw*
gory has offered to wMhdraw her
treeps^Irf^Serfla ?ali submit her
prkToaeei to an Int?rnatioual confer
' ; BULLETIN ..
Berlin, August !r-Emperor V?illlam
signed an order mobllitlng the Ger
man army ai 5 iii o'clock this evening.
:Av>.BfJLtllTIN ' .
Paris, Aug. lr-Tho Bussloa ambas
sador, M. Iswolsky called on Premier
Vlvinnl ot ll oVlocfe tonight and- In
formed him that Germany bad declar
ed war on Bus sin. "
-?.I / many3 thou s .
s lu distress In En
. . money or means to
kare been begun by
ion and Secretary Bry
Capetown, Union of Sonta Africa.
An*, lr-The German consul pen wal
seamer Saxon. - The officers . nf the
consulate g?n?ral ?i&Te 5>e?n closed.
MG FUND FOR
WILL ISSUE CERTIFICATES
AS IN THE PANIC OF
Wany Millions Ready To Re Turn
ed Loose To National Banks
lu the United States
Now York, Aug. .1.-Extraordinary
iction was taken by the. leading r-'
lanclal interests ot America today to
.vert financial unscttlement in this
ountry as th? result ot tho European
rar. Relief measures are under way
rbich bankers, believe will 'preserve
he public confidence. .Thia, ls the
Emergency currency probably will
e put into circulation next, week.' I*
cession rea ul res currency/ Issuance
>f which ls provided for by tho Al -
[rich-Vreeland - act. passed j siter the
907 panic,, may be supplemented here
nd elsewhere . by. clearing - b o u*Be cer
Iflcates euch as were used in 1907.
Flau targe Loan.
Representatives of NewVYork for
bin, exchange,, houses left tonight for
Washington? to hold a Sunday confer
ece wilb^ President Wilson. They
il ann cd to o?ggeat the unprecedented
iroceduro of advancing $100,000,000
redit, to England.
Bankers from the principal cities of
he country arranged a meeting to be
leid in ; Washington Monday to for
nulato a plan for action. ; .
It was a d?y or strenuous activity,
tot unmixed with anxiety for the New
fork bankers. ? The European crisis
emoraHzod tho financial markets of
he world a vweek ago and thcvintrin
aclea of modern finance are such that
ipon AmerieaY isolated from.tho.per
ls o?war,'-j .11 ? full share of the bur
ten. , Liquidation of Am b r lean s tock s
ty Europeab' holders not only, upset
bis stock market so completely that
t was compelled to suspend/business
mt raised another serious problem,
hat of paying Europe-for the stock
old hera. x
Millions In Block Unloaded.
lt is . estimated by representatives
if foreign st?c?!exchange houses: that
rorfv^,^apo to HMMOW of
r?srlcan ' stocks ?were thrown on the
dsrket;-for,, whatever they would now
iring; by the. panic stricken European
(Continued on Page three.)
ift? European tintions in tiino nt wurtitt?
e. and on ?ic other Bide, supporting Au
TOURISTS ARE IN
Navigation Practically ? Stopped
and Money Unobtainable Keeps
Many From Returning Home
(By Associated, Press.)
o London, Aug. 1.-Tourists of Bngr
land entirely gare up their Bight see
ing trips, today and flocked to head
quarters of the Trans-Atlantic steam
ship companies to try to book pnsssge
home as Boon as possible.
The Cunard, the White Star and tho
other British and Dutch lines did ab
Immense business .". accepting many
passengers who had intended to nail
on thc Hamburg-American liners, all
of which had been indefinitely with
drawn from service. The withdrawal
of La Provence of the French Tr an 8
Atlantic line also provided many cus
tomers. ' ?
Tickets Bring High Prices.
Many passengers paid high pre
miums for th? tickets to those, who
had them but preferred taking the
profit In the hope of getting home la
tor at a lower rate.
. The Hamburg-American and .other
German companies have ordered their
vessels in all parts of the world to
Beek neutral parts and if the crisis
continues shipping soon will be en
tirely abandoned, vfv
- Thomas Kelson Pago, American
ambassador to Italy, who had booked
on the Imperator decided today to re
turn to Rome in view of the official
Kow York, Aug. 1'.-Determination
of American bankers to prevent ex
portation of more gold to Europe may
make it extremely difficult for,the
&0O.C?O Americans abroad to get cash
for their Immediate wants.
ExpreEH companies, members of th?
American Bankers' Association of
repr?sentatives of foreign bankers
here, today, announced they had dis
continued thu issuance bf letters of
credit or the ?ale of travelers' checks
because, it was said, lt was impossi
ble to buy foreign exchange to cover
The Express companies and banks
announced, that every effort would bj?
made to insure payment on all out
AFFAI.H8 OF PELL A CO.
Attempt VHll nc Made to Get Finances
New York, August ll-The cotton
exchange today appointed a commit
tee to confer with>*sBigneca ot S.. K.
P. Pell , and Company, *hose suspen
sion waa announced yesterday to
slat in unravelling tbe Am's affairs.'
stria,.ls tue triple alliance-namely, Gen
Opinion From Highest Court
Handed Down in Anderson
. Case Paper Now Here
Some days ago il was announced
that the Supreme Court of So um Car
olina had reversed Jillie Rice ip tho
case of Sullivan-Wilson) concerning
the magistrate's muddle In tab city,
hut the papers in the case did not
reach Anderson until yesterday, when
they were filed In tho o??v of the
Clerk of court.
.Tho opinion was written hy Just ico
Eugeno B. Gary, other justices con
curring being, I). E. Hydrtck, H. C.
Watts, T- B. Fraser and Oiorge W.
Gage,' and says:. "The facts staled li)
tho answer of 15. F. Wilson, to the
rule to show cause, are sufficient upon
their face* to H hov/ that ho was not
afforded a reasonable opportunity to
be heard on the charges of miscon
duct in thc office and the agreement
of counsel!-, hereinbefore mentioned,
ls to the effect that thu fact alleged
in said answer, should be deemed und
taken- as true. Therefore, th.) action',
of tho governor purporting to suspend
the incumbent Wilson and thc appoint
ment of tho petitioner, Sullivan, in
his place, were null and void. These
conclusions practically dispose nf ail
other questions presented by the ex
It ls the judgment of this court that
the judgment of the circuit court bo
reversed, and that the petitioner be
Magistrate Wilson was suspended
during the early part of April by-the i
governor and A. B. Sullivan wm ap
pointed in his stead. In his .inswer,
Mr. Wilson says that ho weht to Co
lumbia with his attorneys on March 13
and presented their side of tho case,
and. that the governor at that tim3
promised to take no action in the case
until Wilson Was given a intering.
Instead of that, says Wilson In bis
answer, the governor called together
the members of the. house from .An
derson county and without consulting
tlie senator from this county, put the
matter up to them and told them that
he would take whatever action would
meet with their pleasure, Mr. Wil
son contended that he was givon.no
chance to answer to the charges and
In this he wss borne out by thc Su
Exports Are Stopped.
New York, 'AUg. I.-1 AU -.exports of
petroleum and other all products des
tined for Europe haye been stopped,
by the Standard. Oil company, ?ueh
commodities being considered contra
band of war. Several Standard lank
?hips due to] leave Atlantic ports to
day were ordered to remain at dock.
H OF ARMIES
aany, liasj- S?? Austria l?saliV? <
THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE
COMMISSION RAISES RATES
Interesting Cese Has Been Before
the Commission for the
Last Four Years
(By Associated Press.) .
Washington, August 1.-In a divided
opinion today the.interstate commerce
commission granted ' some"ot. the j five
percont freight rate increases; asked
by tho eastern railroads and dented
Increases will apply in the territory
north of the Ohio and Potomac rivers
and from a vertical line down through.
Buffalo and Pittsburg, west as. far as
tho Mississippi river. All class rates
and many commodity rates are in
creased 5 per cent In that section.
No advances whatever were, permit
ted east from Buffalo and Pittsburg
to the Atlantic seaboard: That' ex
cludes from the area from .which the
rrfllroads will receive'.benefits, the
greatest traffic .producing centers of
the country. .
Commissioners Daniels and McCord
dissented from the majority; opinion.
Mr. Daniels held that a five per cent
increase should, have boen - general
that the railroads were, entitled to it
to meet the high cost of living. Mr.
MCCord held that the reasons which'
tho majority held to warrant an In
crease west of Pittsburg applied eq?
nally to the territory east.,
i The majority headed by Chairman
Harlan hold as to rates weet ot Pitts
burg, that, they were the lowest in tho
country and warranted on increase.
While lt waa .held that the incomes of
th? eastern railroads was smaller
than demanded In publie ' interest, no
showing had been made warranting a
general Increase. . The real relief, the
commission held, for the New England,
roads and , those in Central. Freight.
Association territory was financial re
organ lz at lon upon a sound, beets. It
was held - that rather tbanT raising
freight rates, the railroads should dts
cohttnne costly free service to ship*
pera, develop efficiency of personnel
and equipment, stop\sjttl0f^M.t?f4SM
and possibly Increase their pa?aengor
(Continued on Page Khrse.),. :< ,