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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 120 Weekly, Established 1SC0; Dally, Jan. 13, 1914. ANDERSON, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 5, 1914. PRICE FIVE CENTS
$5.00 PER ANNUM
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 120 Weekly, Established 1SC0; Dally, Jan. 13, 1914. ANDERSON, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 5, 1914. PRICE FIVE CENTS
$5.00 PER ANNUM
? wm? . . . I
ITALY AFTER, DECLARING
NEUTRALITY HAS ORDER.
England It Determined to Protect
Belgium and Franco At Any
(By Associated P^JSH)
London, Angus t All the great
European powers except Italy ?nd
most of the secondary powers are mo
bilizing with - nil their .energy. Mo
bilization has hot yet reached a a'aeo
where any ono Of (he armies have met
in battle. , -,
Italy, which declared lier, neutral!?
ty, will begin to mobilize officially lo.
morrow, although tho process ls prob,
ably well nuder way, -
Great Britain's [mobilization ls near
ly completed, hu* ?he hGH not uuuouu
ced that she will Join Ju -the gen oral
Tonight war officially extended be*
tween Austria mid (3 erma nj on o sie
.sidesi-L* ~m-^' -???iTrtr- ?..-< is
official declaration of ?rnr between
but tonight < W^ffiisjin ?mbuA?*???
In Parin received orden* to demand Ills
passports. ' V.v
?:. GERMAN??S BE MA X P " . .. *j
The must ;mpgrtant event of the Inst
Si hours.was Germany's demand upon
Belgium, In the fohn of a 12.1m ur ul
tlmaium, that the UeniiiHi troops. bc
Barmitted to eros* Belgium, lo The
rench frontier e?upb?d > wgrh the
promise that Belgian territory should
remained uhimpaired at the end of
th? war ?nd that Belgium should be
compensated. s ....
.To i??s Belgium refused .io accede,
on tho grounds or her rights and hon*
Slr Edward Gray, British secretary
of foreign affairs, mad', a statement
In the Mouse Of lamons Indicating
that Great Britain's Interests and Ob
ligations could hot permit her to sub.
mit to the violation of Belgian terri
tory. This virtually left tao decision
?S to whether Great Britain should
make war to the public opinion. '
EAGER iOli PRAY
There Is no doubt that .British sa??
tlment is for war. The appeals of the
rifists get no hearing. Not cue man
a hundred hs Bondon seemingly
wants tho natlon/io* romain nonlra!.
Germ?ny. ; tunmxMe^ diplomats,
has .tried to ke?atjrte?n out by *
virtual offer to refrain froin using her
navy against FtW?\hii the price of
Groat Britain^ h<5Utrt?llty. But th?
English people clearly are convinced
that their honor and vital ? Interests
compel her to protect Be?gldm, France.
?nd tho other nations which aro their
There: ls a report tonight that Hf?I
lap? his h^^Mljbirotgli Ito
province of Limberg. The people of
the Butch Klug?ont, resolved to go to
any extremity, and are said to be op
ening the dykes and flooding tho conn
. The promise1 io Trance to - protect
tho French coast with the Brihsh fleet
Sir -Edward Grey / said, was . subjected
to, the [approval .! of; j^rilaiuent; ? Ser
' yo nd that tribunal lt apparently .. was
Intended to bo subjsct to ratification
by the court of last resort--- the people
of he United Kingdom and the em
pir?. ?:(:, ?. ;-;.,-> ~ .
Sir Edward recalled that hp told
France at tho timo of tho Algeclras
Oriels that Oreafjbritain; .Wo^'ft^
mise ncan?ag w siuy i^f?ie?? ??????w.JS?i5=s'
less it received the ^hcle-heartod sbfk
port of public. bpJnion.
? When 'ih?y-ti?v$&c$t cornmohs met
this, afternoon tho hall wa? crowded
with members of the chamber. Peora
and bishops who filled the galleries
were grave anCUUeat. Tho "'united
front" of the nrdob, to whl?h leaders'
pledged their vartlea when ?the houae
: last maV fourifl expression1 tn two 'br
three SacidoiU? this afternoon. Win
ston Spencer ,?$urchin, first lord of
admiralty, ;^?s .bitter : enemies on : ibo
conservativo ?Ide of the' house, but
(Continued on Pago C.)
1 OF EUROPE
Of The War
( fcsy Associated Press.)
o INVADE HOLLAND o
o - . o
o (By Associated Press) o
o Brussels, Aug. 3.-The o
o burgomaster of Antwerp . o
o . announced tonight that o
o the Germans had invaded o
.o Limburg, Holland, and "o|
o the province has been o
o placed under martial law. OA
o Limburg has a- population o
o . of nearly a quarter'of a : 0
o million. a!
o ? ?. . ?'
o o o o o o o o o o o o o b o O Oj
CABLES MAY BE CUT
high as by International
and greements, they ore .
within tho Jurisdiction ot Eu
.?.n Hir?o n?i??W bl ?lie ... ,
on the other pide, WftbJn thai limit
they say be cht nt the pleasure of the
government controlling territory at
Wim faet that many of the cables
are privately sw*e? ^rsp?d ?et
rent, them being coi, officials here be. ]
lleve, although interaatlonal agree
ments provide severe punishment. In
the necessities of war, they point out,
a belligerent probably wonld eat a ca
ble If It accrued to her advantage and
nay; the penalty afterward.
\ FIRST TIME IN HISTOBt. V
' Montreal, August 8.-The port .<
Montreal was virtually closed;Waight
fer the (first time In Its history. A
ttw fleet today patrolled the lower
harbor and a forco was' awe*?* In to*
night to exclude landsmen from the
wharves. Sailors Ia Vessel 'n port
wffl.be allowed to leave, their ships
only under escort. No vessel will be
permitted to come Into *be port or to
leave without aa express being- grant
ed. Five million dollars worth of gram
In elevators bas been placed under
8hip ingestion bas already begum
Tbs Wlltekind, n German ship Is 6n
her way to port, bat ifbetber she ,wffl
arrive here i? doubtfal as she carries
wireless and can be directed to New
Yorby : ..
IN GAY PAREE.
Parts, August g-Provincial s?v.ta.
tors an d deputies ar? as s e mblln g for
convening of parliament Wednesday.
Ry showing their personal cards they
bro permitted to travel ob. military
The government ls granting to each
bdalt member of a- soldiers fnmlly
?beat 28 cents dally ?nd about 17 cents
to each child-' ' .. ..'-r,'-'--.^'-'.
Up to the present time Paris lg ba
irne limited at nfcht as UBUT?L b^ ibis
cannot bo continued owing to the lack
of coal. Cona^ctIon worh ha? cess
? :? ?_-'. .
New Orleans, L?.. Angust 8.-Three
thousand of tim 10,800 French, reserv
ists I nten anthem states had report
e? to the French consul general ber?
*ta late botar tonight and were await,
lng transportation <ta france.- .The
^?W^sf?b'itaer . Mtefltsslprf. *hose
" ptain received Orders to report te
towal geiwrat here^ was tied at
a ct mldolght, although ?he bsd
earl 1er In thc day hr Havre,
lign?t S^Pr?nea ?
realised that the law
s of n family once
GERMAN LINER CLEARS PORI
ON AN UNKNOWN
Only Crew of 350 Men Were Oi
Departing Ship Which Waa
Heavily Loaded Wii?* Coal
~~ ; \.
(By ARS oe lated PresB.)
New York, August 3.-Slippini
quietly out of port tonight, her super
structure painted gray, with 6,000 tom
ot coal and no passengers' on board
the German liner Kronprinz Wllheln
may be carrying foti to a Germai
Cruiser not 'far c'ttr.' la Sandy Hook
It is known tint tty) w'rcless statloi
at Say ville. Long Island, bas bee]
Working with a German warship prob
ably not:, ninny mllea off shore an?
said t?^he the/crnl'er Karlsruhe.
Cleared for Bremen; t
.Aa' reauired- by maritime regula
tiona the-Kronprinz wilhelm took ou
clearance-pafarr'. ostensibly for Bre
men, and lt was intimated in auarten
supposed to be well informed that sb?
will endeavor to ; make that port b!
passing around , the northerly end o
Scoilah'd. What anp might reilly do
after pasing out of the harbor, how
evei\ waa a question for her cora
.nwsdbr to determine alter he ha?
read ber 'ord?w;-which., according ti
^intimations tit "the steamrblp pier
were to. bo opened after she had pass
ed Sandy Hook.
Shrouded Ia Mystery.
Mystery Bbroudcd the liner's pre
p?ratl?ns i for departure and her ac
tnlpjt?wnii Qa he? forward deck sin
carried a box large enough tb contah
a navel gun of considerable power. Th?
'.veesel.. was - Constructed for poa&rbl
use ai a German naval reserve uni
'tn cass of "need; abd' her build i
staunch .enough to '?taqd the strain o
firing a gun/such aa the case migh
bave' contained. North German LIoy<
official*, however, denied . that. thi
Kronprinz Wilhelm had been eecretl;
fitted out for use for fighting purposea
Tho box' on Uie deck was declared ti
contain eh: extra crankshaft. Tho shl|
(Continued on Pago 5.)
S?EN BY EXPERTS
the Real! Platt? of War Ar?
Clouded h Watery Much Strr
; prisa Evidenced at Slowness
.V.wastiwgtbn, August 8.~Army^stra
t eg! a ta today eagerly scanned, news re
ports of the stirring events that wbn
taking place in Germany, Russia an(
France. ' There Was a complete lad
of official information, as Arne ri car
military attachas at European eraba?
sica and legations aro out ot toort
with , the war department. . ? '
' Experts expressed some surprise a
the comparatively slow beginning o
the German campaign. The Ara?rlcai
war college had understood that sc
perfectly; had every detail of an of
Tensive tampalgn against both Fran?
and Busala been worked out ' tba
witr?n ;2i /hours> after the declarattoi
of w?'r; or'Sailer the order bf mobilisa
lion, the''flTat Gerhianv battalion)
would ha many mllea advanced acrosi
both theVeastern and western ; bounda
rles into ihb enemies' country, J v ^c
There, nave been no reports of hst
ties on V?jr>large- scale ?ad ' cessa
qu en tl y tho: bel lot is expressed ambni
military men herc that invisible wire?
aro holding back the dogs of war. am
that the ful 1 strength of military for
ces on all raides is being withheld
while diplomata and atatesmen ari
playing the last cards lr. tho desperat?
game of diplomacy In the hope now
not ot :>vs#fng:frv general war. bm
bf obtaining Individually such advan
tlon. . .?; X > .v^''. fi.''' vr.k-} -, ? '
: After locking our available data o
lo?ay's operations, th? strategists un
atimously ? wore, ot. the opinion tha
the real purposes of the great mill
tary leaders. What has been done bj
tho Germars array In the reported in,
vaalon bf Belgium Ia regarded as pre
cautionary and calculated to preven
a possible ?k dash by tho Frencl
into thc fatherland than with the pur
pew* of .beginning a deliberate am
progressive .campaign towards Paris
_ . I
rt\oto by An.erl?Qh. l'rc'?a Association.
British Army Officers Locating the Enemy
England has. tue'.greatest navy in the world, but tts army from a nu
merlcal standpoint ranksfifth. Germany, Pranc?, Rnssla and Austrin-Huu
gary rank, in tue order;named, above Great Britain. In time of peace there
are .254,500 men Iii th? army. There are 470,500 reserves, or n total war
strength of 73?.?QQ wen- However, there are uvailable for duty- 2,W)U.0U0 men.
a?gii --rn^T:?'--j-^f!?--riii Vi'r
(By Associated Press)
Stv Petersburg/ August 3.-Emperor Nicholas today issued a
manifesto outlining the events leading up to the declaration of war
by Germany and saying that, "Russians will rise, like one mari and.
re pulsest he insolent att?ck of the enemy."" The text follows:
"By the grace of. God, we, Nicholas ll, Emperor and autocrat
of all the Russians;.King, of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland, .to
our faithful subjects Make known that Russia, related by faith and
blood tb the Slav people, has never regarded their, fate with indif
ference, . v "
"But the fraternal sentiments of the,Russian people fpr ihe
$lavs have been-awakened with RerfecV Unanimity and extraordinary
force iii these last few days when Austria-Hungary knowingly address
ed to Servia claims inaceptable for an independent state. ,y
'S "Having paid no Attention to pacific and conciliatory reply^bf
the Servian government and having rejected the benevolent intefviri
fton bf Russia, Austria-Hungary made haste to proceed to an armed
attack and began to bombard Belgrade, an open plac?.
"Forced by the situation thus created to take necessary measures
of precaution we order?d the army and trie navy put on a war footing
at..the.sametim?-using-every endeavor to obtain ? peaceful solu$r).;j
Four, parleys were begun amid friendly relations with Germany,i?&
her ally, Austria/Hungary, for the blood and properly of our subjects
were dear to us. <S:;,V'-%M*"
"Contrary to our hopes in our good neighborly relations of long
date and disregarding our assurances that the mobilization measures
taken were; iii' pursuance of no object hostile to her, Germany sudden
ly declared war on R??sla. ,
"Today it is not/tfnly: the protection of a country related to us
and unjustly attacked that must be accorded but we must safeguard
the honor, the dignity and integrity of Russia and her position among
the great powers.
"We believe unshakably that all our .faithful subjects will rise
with unariimity and devotion for the defense of Russian soil; that in
ernaV discord, will be forgotten in this threatening hour; that the
unity ot the emperor ana his people wiii become Sim more close .and
that Russia, rising like one-man/will repulse the insolent attack of the
"With a profoundvifaith In the justice pf our work and with a
humble hope in[ omnippifent -providence in prayer, we cali GinTi
blessing on Holy Russia and her valiant troops, " -
(Signed.) "NICHOLAS." ;
; iir-T'irrVVr r ?. r y ? M . i . . i. -v i ? i ?r' v
CE?>T?FiCATES ISSUEDj MORE COMING
(By Assorted Pre?*) .
??ew York. August 3. -Th? financial
position ot thlar'cohtry tb all, appear?
anees tonight wa?appreciably better
thW?|4 bburs ; bfo; Prompt relief
measures composed a situation which
tat a time threatened to become
ominous and bankers yh? last night
admitted the outlook was troubled, ex
pressed conn dence toni girt that ? ; tho
energetic stepa taken would meet ali
The rame opinion was expressed by
John Skelton Williams, comptroller bf
the curr??cy< who spent tho day at the
sub-treasury. -Tonight Mr. Williams
said all was serene. v> .
"The finances of the (Contry* be
added, "aro ia excelent. shape., ^e
have - the situation well in hand A t All
tho currency that ls necessary ts In
circulation at;thle time."
Thejo probably never was another
(Continued cn Page E.)
1.... . . ? '.v/C . V?y. ff.x .v
CALL FOR AID |
SENATORS FROM SOUTHERN
STATES WILL DISCUSS
THE COTTON CROP
Harvesting and Maintaining a Fair
Price on Which Will Call For
(By Associated Preti > . I!
Washington, August 3.-Sou?!
eon a tora and represent?? tiree *. ..!'.?. ,
red tonight to devise som' pian to 1
prevent los? tc rrcSucers of cotton ?
as' a result of the European crisis, i
Senator Hoke Smith today issued a
call for the meeting. <
Thc committee will call upon Pies- I
(dent Wilson and the Secretaries of ?
tho treasury, agriculture and com- ]
meroe to find out thc conditions aod i
the- prospects for relief. Senator
Smith will nome the committee to- i
mortow, there to be one Senator or I
representativo from each of the fol- i
lowing states: f
Alabama. Georgia, Florida, Arkan- i
ass, South Carolina, North Carolina, i
Louisiana, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Mis- I
souri and Texas. 1
Senator Ransdell of Louisiana, read I
the. following telegram received to
night from E. J. Glenny, president of
the Now, Orleano cotton exchange, 1
wh,|ph.I?pltomlgqd . the,.situation dla- i
-cussed leter at the. conference. ... i
' importation Impossible. .>,'.* i
Present condition ot foreign exchange
markets makes lt impossible. to ex- i
port cotton. Therefore, America will j
have to finance cotton, until conditions i
became inore nearly norma!. It is 1
therefore evident that the price of cot- i
ton must suffer, entailing heavy losses <
upon farmers unless banks re?oive
some assistance beyond their normal i
Cannot something be done by the I
government to assisi in this 'matter?
Beyond.the financial conditions is the ]
lack of financial bottoms, to carry the |
requisite amount of. cotton, to brim; I
any substantial relief financially, and <
as the exports of "cotton annually'|
amount to nearly 10,000,000 bales, the i
amount ot money involved will be very . i
large. This would not all be necea- i
sary at once but any assistance offer- i
ed by the government would go a
long way toward restoring c.onfi- i
dence. The loss will fall almost en- <
tlrely upon the farmer, as the cotton i
bas not left the farmers' hands and the j
merchants 4annot buy without Haan- t
ci ab asa 1st adc e." . . i
: ; Senators Clarke of Arkansas, Wil
liams and Vardaman of Mississippi,
white of Alabama, Simmons:of North
parolina and others talked over the
Situation at length- Some of them
thought that the emergency financial
legislation to be passed by Congress
tomorrow might be all* that will be
necessary to enable the farmers to
store their cotton, cr>p until the war
fS over.rather than be for erl to rush'
it out when there Is no Europea? de
mand. In tills way the price might
be held up when the demand returns..'
Methods j of procuring transporta
tion if there ls a demand also were
discussed. The conference will meet
again Wednesday to hear reports from
BECEIVEB&H1P ASKED ? '. ;
Stockholder In the New Haven Has
Brought Snit. |
(By Associated Press.)
New York, August 3.-A receiver.
?hip for the New York, New Haven &
Hartford rani road company is prayed
for in an.equity snit brought today in
ino jyiiurai Ouiut nS^.r.?t t..C "ZT.'-^Z"",'
and the J, P. Morgan estate by TlSls
pl Clark, holder of-twenty snares of
NO CODE ACCEPTED
All European Messages Must Be Writ
ten la. English or French Pialu\?.
(By Associated Press.)
X%?w York. August 3.-The Western
Union Telegraph company tonight an
nounced the following: '
"Under current regulations all Eu
ropean messages must not only be
written In plain English or French
language, hut must.bear a full address
and be signed by the full name of tho
sender. Messages with abbreviated
eodo addresses or which do not bear
tull signatures will not. bo passed by
tbs censors. Thia1 lllfewlao applies to
messages for, the British Wost Indies
and the Island? beyond."
$250,000 VOTED FOR THEIR
RELIEF BY THE UNITED
TO OBTAIN SHIPS
Pinna Suggested Whereby Ail
Touriste Will Be AM? To> Come
Home; Navel Une Suggested
Washington, August 3.^'resident
Wilson and congress moved/, ^?iiiptly
: *'a;- to afford relief '?<>j,At?blciin3
'?'Mn the Luroneaa,r?var', -zonea
to preservo the, finM??r equi
librium of thia country I nvlew of tho
disorganisation of cr?dltV\\fly?teb?B
In a special meBunge.'/eor)^: fa', .the
Jay the president aa^erti/f^VlBSO.?OO .'
lo care for Americans lt) Euro?t?, Both
Houses promptly passed'/tile ? appro
priation and wtllvottyyjfa'w
The House and Senate 'p?&t$Jsi bill
removing technical restr?t?th*t? Ob the
Issuance of IGOO.OOO.Op?/^?j^i^?^cur
r8Thb HouBe promptlV.^ji^^'b'jll
juggested by tho Pres?d?htVv halving
restrictions on Am?rlcan''r#?i?^,'for
foreign built nhlpa to estfis^frttfliiwAt
antlc commerce. The ?eY^a^i^I^rbct
. President A??ar'eW^Po^. .. fr.
President Wilson ?p$M?<V'?'-tee
people, of the ooUntrvWmfflffl&m*
withstand any financial ..crisis,1.;,'. "V
rThe president waf??mfinwX?^ifs
ippeal to the Western- rai)r6tfd ??lftna- .
rers, enginenien and flremea^hy avoid
i tie-up In. rall roan j^B^^Rfcj^.^:
war d'a turban ceo, They^,?VM??afl/to
wert a ?trike and settle tbel? dlffor
jnces by mediation.
- Secretaries McAdoo and Bryan, con- '
tarred tonight with Now York bank- .
nra to arrange for financial accomoda
ions of Americans abr??d.'-: i
? Representatives of che International
Mercantile Marine . will ^?^l?t - ?<
Secretary Bryan tomorrow tye ''ques
tion, of obtaining ^hlps for. sAiner??ana .
:o leave Europe. -. J. /..??'Vv;
The Senate' voted to auUiorieo the
secretary or tl .J navy to establish na- .
/al lines to carry passengers, mail ,
ind freight to South Amerloa^and ?Eu
rope. The trill ls beforo'-the.?flfla^^l>4'.>
President 'Wilson sufamnfotfV?8ec
retartee Gallluger, ?Bmb<^?%^Bran
K'g?o, Republican leaders,'to .ask .their
lld tn expediting lcglBlaUonvtB&t Con
gress might adjourn at ?in;'?arly hour
ind relieve uncertainty abdul pending
tntl-trUst measures,.. S '? ?
. Parcels Post
- ; Postmaster General Burl eso n. on
lounced ' that Egypt had requested
:hat no further money orders be la
med tb ber account Mr. Burleaon al- .
>o instructed postmasters to decline
o receive parcels post packages for
nailing to Prance or Germany. This
followed official notices, from Franco .
Candidat. .."Vor Govet?r. i?l ttl?
Other i}ffice? HOTO Ent*?d ;
Soacial- to The Inteilla?bc?i</ .
Winnsboro, August 'S$^T^'&
latea for state office. returnedtho
leid today refreshed by a fow days of
rest. They .are moving on the Pled^.:
.nont section of tho state. 'Nearly 1.
The new express latei^iSJ?? .Wtterly
attacked by the <^<???>mms^?^r^'
them said that the rates ar? Wi 'great
est outrage put on the peoplo since
Die days of republicanism. '. V?'
All candidates mada.'.'thW^ha?al
speeches. ? ? . .
C. A. Smith denounced an .editorial
Appearing In the Colombia," fjftaxnoon
paper which indors?d\'Cc^?r Ma
ning and Cl i n ks v*les,v>^%?^ r Or4*r
named, a9 tho Uireo leading eaadidates
Tor governor and the beirt;?ttedvto de
feat Bleasoism. ;
TL A, Cooper told th? voter? ^today .
that ho would stop rafce,* t^k* wt* *
Wing in Cjiarhwton. Ht? .a^em??t ;
iras vigorously >.pplan?ed, . .
Richard J. fanning o^^.O?;heeT!
my of ^s supporters ,b,ad ftuythlng to
Io with th? elimination eMfaw1***
Columbi*.' Ho sp(>a>>:AV5j^ff tot
tew; and'order., .;. .