JBE ANDERSON INTELLIGENCER
Pounded August 1, 1860.
SJ* North Main Htrct
ANDERSON, 8. ?.
WILLIAM RANKS. Editor
W. W. 8MOAK_Huslness Munager
Entered According to Act of Con
gress as Second (Muss Mall Matter at
th? Postofilce at Anderson, 8. (i.
Kember of Associated I'resB and
Receiving Complete Dally Telegraphic )
Berni-Weekly edition-11.60 per]
Dally edition- $5.00 per annum;
9160 for Sis Mouths; $1.25 for Three
A larger circtihiUuti than any other I
eow??;.?i,. : In (?ii., . 'uugreBsluual Dla-j
Ti: 1.1: i'll ll > KS:
BOB:r.?"? Ottlce. ' 821
Local N"Ws .327
Society New? . . .. .321
The Intelligencer I? delivered by
carriers In 'an ?:!??..? ir you fall to
get your paper rogilla* ly [.I.'use notify
us. Opposite your haine nn label
Cf your paper ls prut, il date to which
your paper is pild. All checks And
drafts should oe drawn to The Ander
Washington, Aug. 24.-Forecast:
South Carolina-Pair Tuesday and
Wednesday local showers.
' Vote early, but not often.
Keep kool and kollected and kalin.
What will Anderdon county -do to
That rain came at the very best
kind of time ' I,
The silent vote, like John Lit
? ? ,'0" ? ?
He who prognosticate; now will be
laughed at tho day after.
Japan, a heathen nation, has joined
in the war to spread christianity.
j If your candidate doesn't win, don't
worry. His .time may come again.
Vote early, before the campaign
olanderer gets around your way.
Sorghum 'lasses will be ripe by
next week. That's one consolation.
This is a country of free speech.
But the ?vise DISH markets his talk.
If the government needs more mon
ey, let lt go into tho movie business.
Governor BlenBe 1B right. Let no
money or liquor be used In thia elec
European censors are respectfully
requested to keep their hands off the
Keep a stiff upper Up and vote for
tho candidate of your choice If he
gets but one vote.
A visitor said yesterday that our
"great white way",.ls the best public
Improvement In Anderson.
Tho laundry of The Hague will nev
et get Europe's war smeared linen to
look as good as new. .
It ls time for the starting of the !
nest campaign in Georgia. Elections I
are only'a few years hence.
1 It ls not for the victors to boast,
nor for the defeated to be hitter. We
are all citizens of one great state.
One of Anderson's new Industries
which deserves to succeed is a roller
mill which Ia turning out a first class
John A. Austin saw the agent of j
Santa Clads In New York and he
sends word to the little folks that J
bo wlll.be around as usual.
Every election precinct In this
- county is Urged to 'phone the office of
Tho Intelligencer as soon as there ls J
any news. .
The war In Europe fa making , a
terrible toll of lives and money, and
the time will come when a civilised
World will revolt against this.
. ....'O' ?'
Tho jingoes who wanted Woodrow |
Wilson to fight Mexico are now pleas
ed, to know that this country had tho j
good luck ?to escape war.
The European powers wtro "hocked
.when th a United States let those bad
little '-boys In Mexico scratch each
. others' faces.' Now Just look Ja& Eu
gbee^ ' . .._j.
THE ELECTION RETURNS
Tlie people of Anderson will tonight
he given the election returns just as
they ure displayed in ult larg?; eitles.
The Intelligencer takes thu liberty lo
throw a bouquet at itself and to nay
that this is enterprising. It has been
ur ranged at considerable coal and will
require u lol of time, truuhle und wor
ry. Hut we are pleased to give and to
do for the pleasure and gratification of
the people of Anderson.
From Hie county, the returns will
be 'phoned in from euch box UH P.OOII UK
th)* tickets ure counted. The mana
ger* of election have promised lo see
to this. However, lt will he at least
H o'clock before any idea may Lu- ob
tained us to the trend of affairs in the
From the state capital trained cor
respondents will keep thia paper post
ed ut frequent intervals of the news
received nt democratic headquarters
there. The election two years ugo
was HO close that lt was nut for nearly
.'16 hours thut lt was decided definite
ly who had won the nomination for
governor. We do not, of course, know
whut tho count will show this year,
but this naper will dlspluy bulletins
until a late hour tonight.
The bulletins will be flashed from
a moving picture machine upon a can
vas stretched across the front of the
Ligon & .Lo-'dbetter store on North
Main street opposite the office of The
Thc Intelligencer hhs but one re
quest to make and that is that visi
tors will not crowd into the office.
This is one night upon which every
nr i will have difficult and exacting
" to do-handling and adding flg
and wo would appreciate lt very
? if the dorks engaged in the
; are not disturbed by visitors.
All returns will be flashed upon the
bulletin board aa fu.-t aa they aro re
This paper wishes again to congrat
ulate the people of the county upon the
quiet campalgu and upon the lack of
feeling displayed und to express the
wish further that, every thing may. pass
off equally BB smoothly-although to
night will give lots of people a chance
to cheer a great deal.
May the best man win and the peo
ple be happy io their choice.
A WONDERFUL RECORD
Tho ?arm institutes conducted by the
experts of Clemson college t\ls sum
mer have been the greatest successes
in the history of the work in this
state. W. W. Long of Clemson college,
the government representative in
charge of the demonstration work in
this state, said yesterday to a reporter
for The Intelligencer that he is in
tensely gratified at the amount of in
"Had lt not been for the war," he
said. "South Carolina next year would
lead the entire country along the At
lantic seaboard in the amount of
vetch and othor leguminous crops
planted to the soil. I believe we would
have 250,000 acres if we could get the
seed." As ls well known, vetch and
othor cover crops are native to Russia
and tho seed cannot now be obtained
fo- tho fal) sowing but son e A tule ry on
county farmers have been wise enough
to save their vetch seed and they will
surely put everything that they ho/e
Into vetch and oats and rye this win
ter. Five years ago there wero hardly
5,000 acres in the ?tate glvon to
vetch and auch soil stimulating crops,
but the remarkable progress that has
been made speaV.s well for the Intelli
gence of the farmers as well as for the
confidence the public has in the work
of Clemson college.
FOR HOOD ROADS
It ls entirely practicable by thor
ough organization, wise economy and
ca raf a l forethought, and without In
creasing the burdens of the people, to
carry out a scheme of publie Improve
ment consisting of the establishment
of good roads and thorough drainage.
BO that every class and community of
the people may have an equal share
of them. Such a system of improve
ment would not merely add to the co
ventence, prosperity, and wealth of
the people, but would be a constant
and growing source of lacrease of the
tux ib!.* basis of the state.
We have made a cote of some fore
casts that we have heard, and we haye
a lot <_tf curiosity to know what some
oe our weather-wise politicians do or
do not know. .
'.'Vi" '. .v.Y,C--'-.\>':-V'v''.2^?t * >v
CLEMSON IN ANDERSON
Prest. \v. M. Riggs of Clemson col
log? yesterday implied that if a move-'
meat Hhuuld ever arise to vote Clem
son into Anderson county it would not
be opposed by bim. There are several
good reasons why it would benefit An
derson county to leave Clemson within
the geographical eon ll ties of the stale,
some being sentimental, others being
There was au election on this prop
osition once und ii failed by JiiBt one
vote. Dr. Riggs states that he did
not know anything of the election until
after it was over and others were in a
similar situai Im1. Hut he believes now
that If the matter was brought up the
election would carry. And it can bu
voted upon now for th? four year's
limitation bas expired.
This will be a good time to start
something in the way of road improve
ment for Anderson, for with the far
mers' institute in Clemson all of next
August and with the Southeastern
(Jrntn festival in Anderson during thu
third week of August, the roud would
he "kept hot" between the two places.
AT HALF MAST
A few days ago Postmaster Cochran
displayed at "half mast" the flag on
thc United States postoffice, in honor
of the memory of the noble woman
who was the wife of nur much loved
president. Everybody knew that some
one was dead, some person of distinc
tion. This murk of respect showed
it, but why?
There are not many who know the
origin of this custom. Tho salute to
the mun that is passing. The Toronto
Mail and Express says that since
flags were used In th? war it hus been
custom to have the flag of the superior
.ar conquering nation above that of the
inferior or vanquished. When an ar
my found Itself hopelessly beaton, lt
hauled it? flag down far enough for
the flag of the victors to ' d placed
above it on tho same pole. This was
a token not only of submission, but
In those days when u famous soldier
die, flags were lowered out of respect
to lil.? memory. Thc custom long ago
passed from purely military usage to
public life of all kinds, the flag flying
at half mast being a sign that the dead
man was worthy of respect. Tho space
left above lt for the flag of the great
conquerer of all-the angel of death
There ls no reason for the public to
get disheartened over the price of
cotton. Agencies are at work to pro
tect the South.
AU of the information that Th? In
telligencer receives tonight will be
given to the public. Re patient and
don't annoy the clerks In the office,
trying to add figures.
Tote for Tripp for County Treasurer.
o THE CANDIDATES o
o o o o o o o o o o o o o
Following candidates to be voted for
TueBday : ,
For United Stares senato-Q? L. Bleaie
L. D. Jenninga, W. P. Pollock and
E. D. Smith.
First District-E. J. Dennis and R.
Second District-James F. Ryrnes
and II. M. Mlxon.
Third District-Wyatt Aiken. F. H.
Dominick, F. S. Evans and John A.
Fourth District-T. C. Duncan,
los. T. Johnson and 8. J. Nicholls.
Fifth District-D. E. Finley and W.
Sixth District-A. L. Hamer, J. E.
El 1er be and J. W. Ra? sd al e.
Soven th District-A. F. Lever.
For Governor- .
Lowndes J. .Browning, John G.
CUnkscales. R. A. Cooper, John T.
Duncan. William C. Irby, Jr., Richard
I. Manning, J. B. A. M ul lally. John
Q. Richards, Charle? Carroll Simms,
Charles A. Smith Mendel L. Smith
Lleutenan: Governor-A. .J. Bethea,
William M. Hamer, J. A. Hunter and
H. F. Kelley. -
For Secretary of Staten-R. M. MC
For Comptroller General-A. W.sj
Jones and J. A. Summersqtt.
For State Treasurer-S. T; Carter. |
For Adjutant Ceneral-W. W.
Moore and M. C. Willis;
For State Superintendent of Educa
tion-J. E. S wea lin g en.
For Attorney General-A. G. Brice
sud Thoa. H. Peeplep
For Commissioner of Agriculture,
Commerce and Industries-E. J. Wat
For railroad Commissioner-James
Cansler. Geo. W. Fairey, C. D. Fort
ner, Frank Sbealey, John H. Wharton
and W. 1. Witherspoon.
For Solicitor 12th Circuit-L. M.
Toto fa? Tripp for County Treasurer.
VOTE FOR . . ?. >
JAS. A. SUMMERSET*'
Tile; following letter from Dr. L. A I
Mser will no doubt be o? intense In
terest to all ultisens who are in fa- \
vor of educatlob of the musses In
The letter wan written to a friend
of Dr. D. D Wallace, of Wofford Col
lege, ut whose request it ls publish
My work has token tue Into the fol.
lowing - counties-Aiken, Chester.
Darlington, Williamsburg. Florence,
Lexington, Berkeley. Union, Green
wood. Greenville, puru of Chester
field, Suluda, Edgeficld and Barn
well, lu every county have found the
amount of illiteracy to be appalling.
In Lexington county two yeurs ago,
u white woman who lived within one
mile of a school told me that neither
she nor her husband could read or
write. Her children, eight in number,
and never been to school 1 was told
by her when I gave her medicine with
printed directions I asked her to get
her neighbors to reud the directions
und shu told me a family of negroe's
lived near und she could get one of
them to read the directions for her.
Could anything be more mortifying
to a white citizen of South Carolina?
Two months ago ut Munetta, in Ai
ken county, I found the white school
cloyed and the negro school running.
When 1 asked why thir? va3 I was told
that the public school funds for the
negroes had been exhausted two
months previous but they were now
running the school on private sub
scriptions. In another county I found ?
this same conditio^. The negroes were
paying the teacher ten cents per week
for each child.
In Clarendon county this week I
was told by a trustee of a school dla.
trlct that tlie white schools in his dis
trict the past year had seventeen-pu*
pits and me negro school bad one
hundred and twenty-seven. >.. HO also
told me that the negro school ran only
three, months und the white echoui
seven, but when the negro school
closed a night school was opened by
them and ls still'.-in session. To this
night school are going grown negro
men and women and ten cents per
capita is charged each week by the
o o o o o O O O O o o o o o
D MOSBY'N MEN o
Fifty years ago* today a company of
Col John 3. Mosby's rangers came
upon a party of the Fifth Michigan
Cavalry, engaged' in executing orders
to destroy Confederate property, near
Berryville in the Shenandoah valley,
attaked and o vor whelmed, them and
gave no quarter.
This savage Incident of the war
was an inevitable consequence of
conditions prevailing in the valley.
Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, acting un.
1er ordered from General Grant issued
tinder military necessity, was carry,
lng fire and the sword into the valley
Grant's object waa to destroy all
crops, livestock and other supplies
that might bo of value to tba army or
the enemy, nader General Jubal A.
Early, that was opcratlong against
Col. Mosby, at the head of a small
band of irregular troops, termed by
the Confederates partisan rangers and
by the Federals guerrillas, was pper-l
at li: g in the rear of Sheridan's army.
By dodging back and .forth through
the passes of the Blue Ridge Moun
ain range and acrosB the Shenandoah
Mosby was enabled to strike many
Btinging blows at the Federals and
to escape when pursued.
HIB wethod of warfare was n?t con
sidered by the Federals in accordance
with military rules HO was terre _d
an outlaw, and Gen. O rant had Issued
orders (op August 16), that his men
be hanged without trial whenever
caught. A later order directed' that all
male, citizens in the -region' where
Mosby operated be 'arrested, since
Mosby's men, when not In the saddle,
passed.as peaceful cltrMni.'' '.'
These orders, the stern measures
sf the Federals in . h.?r>ilhg .?upplWrfi,
?nd Mosby's sucesses-:hls most re
zent being the cap tur* of a part .of,
Sheridan's wagon tr?in, .with about
260 prisoners and 06 animals.. pear
CUB ed a Bpirlt of savage reprisal In
jot h sides, which found expression. tn '
the shooting down., without quarter,
)f tho cavalrymen whom ' Meany's
TOOPS encountered on August 19.
. Mosby Recrosses Mountains.
Sheridan's orders for the .burning
>f grain and supplies were being'car
ried out in the vielnty of BerryvlU?
?y details from the cavalry division
ander Gen Wesley Merritt. j
While the Federal? cavalry ? officers
>xecuted their orders conscientiously,
ind In the main guarded houses and
.heir inmates, they felt themselves
luatlflod in punishing inhabitants sus.
iee ted ot aiding or harboring Mos
On the other h and. Mosby hold, bim
leif to be the avenger of the chilena
?bout Berryville. and after hi3 suc
cessful raid against Sheridan's-wag
ina, and the disposition of hhvyHtitt
1er In Londoun count, east of tho
mountains, he recrossed tho BIuo
Ridge and the Shenandoah-Ilia lat
ter as Castleman's Perry-and diW
lng his. command abo ot 300. m?n into
three ' companies started to seek* the
Federal cavalry details. ViH2U*|
As the rangers' crossed the river
it night they encountered a picket ot
the Fifth,Miphlgaa^lrtrtmpnt A.fuel
lado laid One. of them dead and an?
other Wounded upon tho bank.. Two
nore'-yere captured. The picket was .
thus wiped out o .
Riding next morning toward RerVy
rilt?.along the turnpike, the range?
tamed Into a byroad, known as the
Shepherds Min road.-Wheresthey heard
Io Berkeley * county at one school j
where no school was lu BeBBion In,
November, 1 asked how long the
Behool waa and a trustee told me that
lt ran only THREE WEEKS the year
Some time ago a father with his
sixteen-year-old son came into my
office.- The boy. a lad with a good in
telligent face, had the misfortune to
have his right hand cut off three
years ago. Neither the father nor son
could read or write. 1 asked the father
why he did not aend his boy to school
-they lived within a stone's throw of
the school house. I tried to explain
to him that this boy with only a left
arm could never hope to make a liv.
lng on the farm as a laborer and that
benefit to lilui in supporting himself
some education - would be of great
in some other way He replied, "Well,
I don't know. I just haven't done it."
The boy was decently dressed and it
was a session of tho year when very
little work was being done on the
I could cite hundred.! and hundreds
of just such cases. Those I have men. '
Honed all refer to rural ucboolo I
have not touched on the conditions in I
? he towns and in the mills. My work .
?is largely among the rural district*.
In mill villages we find the condl-1
I Hons just aa bad or, worse. Little boys
i from six to twelve years of age ulay !
1 be Been any day In the week smoking
! cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and
shooting craps around the stations
I and on the streets It seems to be con- 1
sidered as a matter of course, and is
taken aa an every day event-which
I Compulsory education is not need-.
ed for the negro. I have cited exam- '
pies to show you how determined they
? are accomplishing this without our
public school aid. Compulsory educa
tion 1B needed for the white man who
is too sorry and Indolent to send his
children to school but prefers to keep
them at home and In Ignorance In or
der that they may make the living
and allow them to sit around and do
Are we going to allow this thing
to go on, or will we say like Cain ct
old,. "Am I my brother's keeper?"
L A. RISER.
tre Yankees were engaged in burning
As they neared the residence of
William Sowers a column of smoke
confirmed their information. The
house burners, whom they found at
the barn, corncrlbs, grainhouse and
the farm or Col. Ben Morgan. Already
haystacks were destroyed and the
house was la flames. This work was
being done by a detail of 50 men from
the Fifth MlCMg?n^-of" which Col
Russell A. Alger was commander-as
an act of retailiation for attacks um
A part of the detail Whs about the
house when the Rangers; numbering
about 100, rode furiously up, charg
ing them. Takeb by'surprise, the Fed.
eral cavalrymen, most of whom were
dismounted, could make little resist
ance. Thc:' broke and fled ia confu
The only way wai through a gsp In
a stone ' wall, through wheh but one
horse could pass at a time
While crowding about this gap the]
Federals were ridden down by thc
Ringers. They tried to run along the
?vail, but were, overtaken and those
not. shot down surrendered. In every
instance the men who surrendered
were Bhot \lbwn. *
When the Rangers rode off they
left 13 dead and two mortally wound
ed men among the score or more who
had fallen' by the wall. The rest of
the Federals had escaped.
Accusations of Cruelty.
As a-result of this affair Cen. Sher
idan determined' to carry out a se.
vere program against the ' residents
of the valley who gave aid .or comfort
to Mosby. Householders between the
army's rear and the mountains - were
now never free of apprehension. They
attributed their harsh treatment to
natural ruthlessness In the Yankees.
Their reports of the activities of the
Federals were filled with bitter ac
cusations. The events about Bens
ville here described in part fixed the
men of Sheridan's cavalry in their
minds aa thieves and oppressor's A
distinction between military necessity
and unrestrained license does'not ap
pear to hove been made by all the
Federal troopers from the evidence
presented by the residents of that sec
tion of the valley. ^
. To - what degree these accusations
were-true lt 's not needful to Inquire
BO years ai ar the event, but the con
ditions that gave rise to them display
the brutality ot war in a light that
brings out by contrast the blessings
(Copyright, 191*, by Assocluoed Lit
. UNION MEETING ..
Of District No. S et the Snulda Ass<>.
Oatie* Will Be Held at Poise*.
Programme of Union . meeting
number S, Saluda Association, ts be
held with , the Tabernacle ?> Baptist
church, pelter, beginning Saturday
night before the fifth Sunday.at .7:45.
Devotional exercises, conducted by
J. M. Alexander, 8.15 First Query.
What does the Bible teach as to tbs
relation of the pastor to the church;
and tho church to the v-is tor? ?
Opened by W. W. Leathers.
V Sunday, 9:45 a. m., cong and praise
Ber vice by J. H. HUI.
10:15, What is the best method of
arousing Interest on tba part of tbs
church members in-tho.Snoday school
work? Opened by H. C. Martin. Open
We're on the last lap of
this great Clearance sale
Seven more days of this unprecednted
value-giving and our Mid-Summer Clear
ance passes into history.
It's not without an idea of your profit that
we urge you to get some of the many good
things of fered-they're really priced greatly
Men's & Young Men's Suits
?25.00 Suits now reduced to ....$19.75
$22.50 Suits now reduced to. 17.25
$20.00 Suits now reduced to. 14.75
S 18.00 Suits now reduced to. 13.75
$15.00 Suits now reduced to. 11.50
$12.50 Suits now r?duced to. 9.75
$10.00 Suits now reduced to. 7.5o
Boys' Suits Reduced
$ 3.50 and $3.00 Boy's Suits now . .S2.50
4.50 and 4.00 Boy's Suits now . . 3.25
5.00 Boy's Suits now . . 3.75
6.50 and 6.00 Boy's Suits now . . 4.50
8.00 and 7.50 Boy's Suits now . . 5.00
9.00 and 8.50 Boy's Suits now . . 6.00
10.00 Boy's Suits now.. 7.50
Same reductions on Men's Odd Trousers as on Boys' Suits.
This store is full of purse ticklers now. If you really like to
economize without sacrificing quality this store should be
iirst in your mind.
Send us your Mail Orders.
We prepay all charges.
SP>0T CAS/i CLOTHE
"The Store with a Conscience*
A beautiful lot on the corner of N. McDuffie
and Greenville Street that we are offering
Now is your chance to buy a lot close in at
a very small cost.
We also have a nice business lot on N.
Main Street that we will sell cheap.
J. FURMAN EVANS CO.
Evans Building :: Anderson S. C.
Buy Your Diamond Now <
Diamonds are expected to advance in price before Christ
mas by those who^re in touch with the market. So, il
you are thinking of buying, now .is the lime. Our prices ,
are right and we sell perlect goods only.
John M. Hubbard & Cb.
Where Quality a AKvayaHigher than Price.
FRENCH ARE REPULSED; HEAVY LOSSES
REPORTED BY OPPOSING ARMIES
(Continued 'frond[-PageOne.) '
parts of the national territory will suffer from events of which'they
wiH be the theatre. . (
"The ordeal ls inevitable, but terhporary. Thus detachments
of German cavalry belonging to an unattached division operating on.
the extreme right tove pehetarted to Rbubad (six miles north of Lille)
and; Tourcoing district, which are defended only by territorial res?r. ::
"Our vaUant peopie will known hdV to find courage to support
this trial, with unfailing faith in fina! suedes* which is not to be doubt
ed. In telm'g the country th? whole truli, the government and fti???l
tary authorities give it the strongest "pf opt of their absolute confidence .
W Victory, which depends only our perseverance An.i t??*adty/?;
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