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The Anderson daily intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1914-1915, September 17, 1914, Image 1

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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 212 Weaklr, ErtaUIikei 1M0| DmDy, Jaa.lt, Itu, ANDERSON, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 26, 1914 PRICE FIVE CENTS 85.00 PER ANNUM
CRUEL TREA1
CHARGED T
ABSOLi
STORY TOLD BY AN AMERI
CAN REPUDIATES THE
CHARGES
KAISER'S TROOPS
WERE CONSIDERATE
Acts of Kindness and Generosity
Accredited tu German Officers
In Many Instances
(Dy ??tf?Ciiile? Press.)
New York, Sept. 16.-The Associat
ed 1'ress stan* correspondent of Amer
ican bim? und antecedents who was
sent frdm the New York office and
wa*.' caught in Brussels at the time of
the German invasion, held as a pris
oner several days and who finally es
caped to Holland, has sen? by maa
the following story of his experience:
'.The night before tho Germans* en
tered Drussels, when the Belgian civil
guards and refugees began poring in
to the city from the direction of Lou
vain, they brought stories of unspeak
able German atrcities, maltreatment
of old men and children and the vio.
lation of women.
Humors Cause Apprehension.
"Tlie Belgian capital reeled with
apprehension. Within an hour the
gaiety, the vivacity and brilliancy of
the city went out like a broken arc
light. The radiance of thc cafes was
turned to darkness; whispering
groups of residents broke up hurried
ly and locked themselves into their
homes, where they put up the shut
ters, and drew in their trl-colored- Bel
gian flags. The historic Belgian city
went through a state of morbid con
sternation remarkably like, that from
which it suffered on June 18, 1815,
when it trembled with the fear of a
French victory at Waterloo.
"In less than 24 hours' tho Belgian
citizens were chatting with the Ger
man invaders and the allegation of
greater brutality and torture dissolv
ed into orte of the mythB which have
accompanied all wars.
Atrocities' Denied.
. "Neither in Brussels nor ia its en
virons was a single offensive act, so
far as I know, committed by a Ger
man soldier. In a city of more than
half a million people, invaded by a
hostile army of perhaps a quarter of
o' million soldiers, no act sufficiently
flagrant to,demand punishment or to
awaken orotesc cunio to my attention.
"The frightful reports that had pre.
ceded the Ge. man army into Brussels
included the disembowel?ng of old
men. and the impaling of children on
lances, inst outside of auvain. In
vestigation not only failed to sub
stuniate these rumore, but could not
even discover any one in the immedi
ate vicinity who credited them. An
eye witness of unimpeachable veracity
told me the worst behavior he had ob
served during the first German entry
Into Louvain (August 19' was that of
a German soldier who leaned from lil?
horse and kissed v. pretty Flemish girl
who brought him a glaes of beer..
"I marched for daviL with the Ger
man columns', often onlv one day be
hind the ruining, with the houses that
bad beon burned still smouldering,
the around freshly broken by shell
and trampled by horses and men, and
the memory of the German advance
vivid In the minds of the Inhabitants1.
I Interviewed an average of twenty
persons In each of a dozen towns, and
found only one Instance of a mm
combatant wno had been k?ied with
out a justifiable provocation.
Evidence "Sot Concluslre.
, ?lis CS??O thc cvldincs iii not
clearly prove that tbe man bad been
Wantonly murdered He lived in one
of tbe typical small Belgian country
side houses, which .?cabinas the -cora
forts of home with tho- lire of a small
public bar. Thifc house was at the
north end of Mernes? Le Chateau, a
town through which, a large part of
the German army passed on the road
to Maubcuge. A son of the murdered
. man, whose name was Arthur Nico
dem, showed mc blood clots on the!
floor marking tho pisca where Nice-;
dom fell, his throat cut by a saw-;
edtred German sabre.
"It was flf.'d by some inhabitants
that tbe murdered man showed a pair
of binoculars; but a more probable
explanation'WAS that English outposts
had. concealed themselves In the
house, from which they poured a rain
of fire upon the first German Invad
ers. The inference that the shooting
was done by Belgian civilians may
have Inflsmai* tba Germans to repris
als. In that neiabborbood four bouses
had bean burned and ono W&? ablaze
as l passed August 26
"This town or ?Cernes Le Chateau,
which had been tbs scene of an un
important eVrrotsh botween the Ger
' man? and English on the previous
Ru oday, was riddled with rifle shot?.
The email number of windows Intact
showed thst the Germs bsd mads, a de
nWENT
0 GERMANS
UTELY FALSE
liberate assault upon the residents* of
the town. But the inhabitants them
selves admitted that the shooting had
been done by a comparatively small
number of Germans, and that the fir
lng had not begun until Engli&b sol
diers who had concealed themselves
in the houses had first fired upon the
Germans
Greatly Exaggerated.
"I have emphasized the one fatality
of the non-combatant because the
news* of lt traveled up and down the
Sarubre and across to Ilantes-Wlberie
and Solore-Sur-Sambre, multiplying
as lt went and developing ghastly and
inhuman details until it seemec* un
answerable reproach to the whole
German empire. With this* one possi
ble exception, ? did not encounter tn
any of the other towns I visited a sin
gle instance of mistreatment of any
sort by German officers or soldiers.
"Buiseiere-particularly the lower
part of the city-virtually had been
destroyed by a cross tire from French
and German artillery. Tops of brew
eries had been hurled to the ground
and walls had either disappeared or
become dislodgedl The whole city
lay in smoking ruins*, with only its
drawbridge across the Sambre and a
few marble stands and boat houses
showing above the debris. But, here,
two days after the battle, women and
children were moving comfortably
i.jout the town and not a single com
plaint was uttered against German
conduct.
"There are', of course, reported out
rages beyond investigation, either on
account of their vagueness or because
it ls impossible to w?lgb the provoca
tions. It is known, for instance, that
112 natives wore killed in Renou.
champ, not far from Ardennes; Ger
man soldiers say that they were kill
ed because they fired upon them from
the roof? and windows of the houses
"Tho history of tho absoluto de
struction of Louvain with its cathed
rnt-and its ur'versify ia by this time]
well known. The German version of
thia is that the inhabitants under the
(Continued on Page ?v>
Turks Mobilizing
Paris, Sept. IC.-A dispatch to the
Haves agency from1 Petrograd says:
"It IB announced that the Turks
have concentrated a large army on the
Bulgarian frontier and that General Li
man von Sanders, a Prussian cavalry
officer who trained the Turkish army
is expected to take command."
Extreme Ci
Charged T
By Beigh
Washington, Sept. 16.-A resume of I
findingB of the Belgian commission cr
inquiry appointed by the King of the
Belgians, to investigate the alleged
atrclties committed by German troops
was made public today after the re
port had been presented to President
Wilson.
The findings were grouped Snder
the headings of "the atrocities it Lins -
menu and O.rsmael." "the massacre of
Acrchot," "the destruction bf Lorain,"
and the summary in part follows:
"Gerntnc cavalry occupying the vil
lige of Llnameau, were attacke by two
gendarmes and Belgian troops. A
German ofllcor was killed by ?be Bel
gian soldiers during the fight, and sub
sequently burled at the request of the
Belgian o facer in couunasu. No civil
ans had taken part in the fight; never
theless,, the village was Invaded at
dusk on As?usi iOih by i strong fores
of the German cavalry, artillery and
machine guns. In sn!ts of tbs formal
assurances by the bui'soinaatei that no
civilians had taken part tu thc
two farms and six outlaying houses
were destroyed by the gun fire and re
duced to ashes. All the male popula
tion was compelled to come forward
and hand over whatever s rms they
possessed. No recently diechargea |
firearms were found. Nevertheless,
'ar invaders divided these peasant*
into three groups. Those in one group
were bound and eleven of them ph.ced
In a ditch, where they afterwards wera
found dead, their skulls fractured by
butts of rifles.
During the night of August 10, Ger
man cavalry entered Velm; the inhab
itants wore aaleep. Without provo- I
cation the Germane fired on M. De
Gllmme's house and broke into it.
They destroyed the furniture and also
loci ed valuables. They burned bis
barn and cattle. They carried Mme.
DeGllmmo halt naked to a place two
miles away. She thea was released,
sud as she fled, was fired on without
being hit. Her husband was carried to
a point tn another direction and fired
on; he dying. The same troops sack
ed and burned toe bouse ot a railway
"Farmer Jet Dkerckx, of Neerhe
apen, SB an eye vitness to the follow
ing atrocities tumuultted by German
COMPLAINT IS
BEFORE WILSON
BELGIAN COMMITTEE PRES
ENTS PROTEST TO AMERI
CAN GOVERNMENT
WILSON REPLIES
Gives Nations Attitude in Elabo
rate Speech Saying America
Prays For Peace
"Washington, Sept . 16.-Addressing
the Belgian commission which came
to protest against alleged German at
rocliles in Belgium, President Wilso'u
said today:
"Permit mo to cay with what sin
cere pleasure I receive you as a rep
resentative of the King of Belgium, n
people for whom the people of the
United States feel so strong a freind
ship and admiration, a king for whom
they entertain BO sincere a respect and
express my hope that we may have
many opportunities of earning and de
serving their regard.
"You are not mistaken in believeing
that the people of this country love
justice, seek tho true paths' of prog
ress and have a passionate regard" for
the rights of humanity.
"It is a matter of profund pride to
me that I am permitted for " t!s?? tc
represent such people and to he their
spokesman, and I am honored that
your king should have turned to mc
in time of di -trcss as to one who wlsh
CB on behalf of the people he repre
sents, to consider the claims to the im
partial sympathy of mankind of a na
tion which deems itself wronged.
"I thank you for tho document you
have put into my hands containing the
result of an investigation made by a
judicial committee apolnted by the
Belgian government to look into the
matter of which you have come to
speak. It shall have my most atten
tive perusal and my thoughtful con
sideration .
"You will, I am sure, not expect me
to say more. Presently, I pray to Ooo,
j very soon, this war will he over. The
day of accounting will then come, when
I take it for granted, the aatlows of
Europe will assemble to determine
a settlement. Where wrongs have
been committed their consequences
and the relative responsibility invol
ved will bo assessed. .
"The nations of the world have for
tunately by agreement made a plan fer
such reckoning and settlement. When
such a plan cannot compass the opin
(Continued On Page Four.)
ruelty
o Germans
tn Committee
cavalry Orsmael and Neerhespen, Au
gust 10, ll, and 12. An old man had
his ann. cut in three longitudinal
slices. He was then ? hanged head
downward and burned alive. Young
girls were assaulted and little chil
dren were outraged at Orsmael, and
mutilations, too horrible to describe,
were in fMeted on other inhabitants.
Prisoners were hanged while others
were tied to posts and shot.
"After an engagement at Haelen,
Commandant von Damme was to se
verely wounded that he waa lying on
his back. He was murdered by the
German infantry firing their revol
vers Into bis mouth,
t "Numerous wounded and unarmed
soldiers were ill-treated or killed by
Qsrma? tr?otu?. and different places,
doctors and'nurses and ambulances
were fired on.
At tusas the Germane weet Into
battle with * he ?*-slguui flag.
"While digf.ng trenches and with
the white f!ug hoisted, Belgian soldiers
were sat on by Gormans and ehot,
"Another tune v?ar the fort at Don
coin, a group of German infantry
hoisted the White flag and when the
Belgian soldiers approached them to
?take them prisoners, they were fired
The Massacre of Acrschot -
"Aerschot, a town of 8,000 inhabi
tants, was Invested by the Germans
In the morning of August lt. No
Belgian troops remained behind. No
sooner had the Germans entered the
city when they began by shooting sev
era! inoffensive civilians. In the ev
ening, claiming that a superior Ger
man officer had been shot by the son
of a burgomaster, or, according to
another version of the story, that a
conspiracy Uss been hatched against
the German commandant by the bur
gomaster and his family, the Germans
took hold of every man in the city,
carrying them, fifty at a time, within
some distance of the town. There
they grouped them tn line? of four
men. made them run ahead of them
and fired upon them, killing them, af
terward with their bayonets. More
thea forty man were round thus mas
I111 1
(Continued on Pega 7.)
WILSON REPLIES TO
GERMAN PROTEST
State? Emphatically That Noth
ing Could Possibly Be Done
at Pr?tent
Washington, Sept. 16.-President
Wilson today replied to the message I
recently received from Emperor WU- !
liam protesting against the alleged
use by the allied armies of dum dum
bullets. Ile said that he hud read
thc communications with the gravest
concern, but. that lt would be unwise
and premature for the United States
lo express fin ul judgment in the con
troversy .
The message was almost Identical
with the speech made by the President
to the Belgium commlslon which pro
tested against the alleged German
atrocities.
A cablegram replying to the protest
of President Poincar? of France, who
charged that the Germans were using
dum dum bullets also was preferro?.
It w:'s not made public but. known io
follow closely the text of the Presi
dent's message to Emperor William,
which wa1 as follows:
"I received >our Imperial Majesty's
imiwrtant communication of the sev
enth and have read* lt with greatest
interest and concern. I am honored
that you should have turned to me
for an impartial judgment as the rep
resentative of a people truly disinter
ested as respects war and truly de
si mu- of knowing and accepting tho
truth.
"You will. I am sure, not expect me
to say more. Presently I pray God.
very soon this war wfll be over. The
day of accounting will then come,
when I take it for granted the nations
of Europe will assemble to detrmine a
settlement. Where Wyonga have been
committed their consenuences and the
relative re*ponsibllltyfInvolved, will
he assessed. The nations of the world
have fortunately, by agreement, made
a plan for such a reckoning and set
tlement. What such - a plan cannot
compass the opinion of mankind, the
final arbiter of all such matters, will
supply. It would be un wi-e. lt would
be premature, for a shSgle government
however fortunately j*, separated from
the present struggle"'; lt would even be
inconsistent with the'neutral position
of any nation which like this has no
part in the contest,'to form or ex
press a Anal judgment.
"I -peak thus frankly because I
know that' you will expect and wish
me to do so as one friend Bhonid to
another and because i feel sure that
such a reservation of judgment until
the end of the war, when all its events
and circumstances can be seen in their
entirety and in their tr.ue relations,
will commend itself to you as a truo
expression of sincere neutrality."
(Signed) "WOODROW WILSON."
MINOR CASES HEARD
IN CRIMINAL COURT
OS BOZEMAN WAS PRO
NOUNCED NOT GUILTY
THE CHESTER CASE
Negro Found Guilty of Assault
and Battery of High and Aggra
vated Nataro -little Done
Wednesday did not see much busi
ness of any importance transacted in
the court of general sessions. When
the court convened yesterday morning
the trial of Os Bozeman, charged with
the killing of .Matthew Jones, wa? re
sumed and the charge was 'delivered
to the jury by Judge Memmlnger. The
jury returned a verdict of net guilty
In this carse.
Will Chester was arraigned on the
charge of asuault and battery and
throwing rocka into a train and a ver
dict of not guilty was likewise return
ed in this case.
The only other csse at yesterday's
session was that pf . . will A relier,
charged with assault and battery with !
Intent to kill and carrying concealed
weapons. This case went to the jury
yesterday afternoon at fi o'clock and
after a short deliberation that body
returned a verdict of guilty of assault
and battery of a high and aggravated
nature. Aa lt was tia? for ad
journment, no other casa waa taken
up yesterday.
Steamer la Bistres*.
. Charleston, Sept. 16. ~Wireless ad* j
vices were received here, today from
the steamship Ct|y of Montgomery
that the schooner Frederick W. Day,
?ound for Wilmington, was* in distress
off Georgetown. She ls leaking badly.
The rev .?na* cutter Yamaeraw was
located br wireless off Savannah and
ls now proceeding to the assistance of
the distressed vessel. Ni word was
received from the cutter tonight. '
BRITISH MINISTER MAKES
SCATHING REMARKS THAT
ARE UNWARRANTED
IS VERY BITTER
Makes Strong Assertions-Claims
State of Anarchy Exists in
Mexico
NRW York, Sept. JG.-Sir Lionel Car
den, former Brittan minister to Mexi
co, and recently appointed minister to
Brazil, sailing today from Liverpool,
is quoted by tile New York city news
association us baving made this state
ment concerning the withdrawal of
American troops from Vera Cruz:
"It is a desperate -hume that the
United States has seen (lt to uhamlon
the decent peoplo of Mexico when
they most need help. I do not know
the reason for this but lt would seem
that President Wilson has been mis
informed In some matters.
"The people who did not get pro
tection in Mexico City a/d elsewhere,
went to Vera Cruz for protection. What
will they do now? They have no way
of getting away and will he left to
tho mercies of the lawless element
that will Immediately overrun the town
and country .
"When lt is said that a state of ab
lolute anarchy exists in Mexico, it is
not statin*. tho facts too strongly.
There were some 4,000 good policemen
in the City of Mexico, but these have
Lt un supplanted by an army of 35,
C00 soldiers that fought the Federnl
government and among these are sev
eral thousands of wild Yaqui Indtaus,
who two months ago fought with bowj
nnd arrows as thc only weapons they
knew.
"Neither life, liberty, nor property
1B safe.
"Huerta has some sort of govern
ment; Carranza has none whatever;
the only claim he has to greatness is
his .physique, and that ls not terrify
ing either. There is not even martial
law there, because there is no organi
zation."
SERIOUS WRECK
(By Associated Press.)
Montgomery^ Alaj. Sept,. 10.-An
Atlantic Coast Line railroad passen
ger train was derailed near Grady, 30
miles from Montgomery, tonight but
reports indicate no passengers were
killed. Several were injured but not
Variously, according to information
received berg.
Important H
Of The \
In Shor
(By Associated Press.)
The German and allied armies again
are facing each other on a long,
slightly curved line stretching from
Noyon in the west, to the Argonne
forest in the esat. and then across
the Meure to the southwest in the di
rection of the German fortress of
Metze, A distance of nearly 200 mlle'j.
Ilea*, guard actions have been
fought during the past two days, with
the Germans disputing every Inch of
territory until their armies again
should get into alignment to oppose
; the stiles. All reports Indicate that
these actions have been severe, but
they are considered of minor impor
tance in comparison with the great
battle of the Marne and the new battle
which threatens.
Regarding present operations, tho
oltleinl statement issued by the French
govsmmsnt tr. meagre. General head
quarters at the front has sent to Pa
rla no new details of late fighting,
and Paris officials draw no Inference,
for publication at least, from the
course of events In the battle which
has lasted seversl days. It is stated,
however, that the allic? have not
weakened on any position.
Th? RritUh nfflolal press bureau
quotes Russian official sources as au
thority for the statement that the rout
of the Austrian army In Galicia ts
complete. The Austrians are estimated
to have lost 250,000 men in killed and
wounded, .and 100,000 men and 400
guns captured. In this communica
tion the failure of the German effort
to save tbs Austrian army is noted,
and the Germans are said to have lost
many pi**** of siege and other ar.
tillery.
The Russian general Rennenkampff
v?ho ls conducting operations tn Rast
Prussia recently haa found himself In
a dangerous position and bas f si len
I back to Russian fortresses on the RUB
stan frontier, lae Germana, under
General von Hindenburg aro reported
to be following up their advantage,
with the hope at dealing the Rus
sians a heavy blow before they can bs
reinforced.
Sir Maurice de Bunsen, recently
AISTWANH HOl'TKO
GrrmnnK Failed lu Attentat (o Sato
Their A ll len*
(Hy AHsuciatcd PreBH.)
London. Sept. 17.-Tho olllcinl pros?
bureau issued the following an
nouncmcnt tonight:
"lt 1B stated from Russian ofllelnl
Rourees that tile rout of the Austrian
army in Galicia is complete, though
full details' have not been received.
The AiiRtrinn loss since the taking of
Lemberg ls estimated at 250,000 kill
ed and wounded. 1U0.000 prisoners ard
400 guns, many colors and >ax.
quantities of stores.
"The Germans made desperate cT
forts to save the Austrian army, but
.?... a completely.
"At one point the Germans lost 3G
pieces of heavy artillery and at an
other several dozen piece? of Biege
artillery."
STOHM MOT IN" G NORTHWARD
Wurnlng* Disnlnvcd on the Atlantic
C0ast.
(Hy AeHociated Press.)
Washington. Sept. 15.-Storm warn
inga were displayed again tonight on
the Atlantic coast between the Vir
ginia capes and' Jacksonville, Fla.
Tim fweather bureau announced that
the storm reported over the Bahuma
Islanes yesterday heil moved north
ward and that UL- center tonight was
near and off tito Georgia coast.
oooooooooooooo
o STATE NEWS o
o o
ooooooooooooooo
Arch Young, a negro dairyman, was
gored to death by a Jersey bull In a
pasture near Spartanburg.
A storm was reported. ofT the South
Carolina coast last night.
More than 2.000 white pupils are en.
rolled In the schools cf Greenville.
W. P. Pollock of Cheraw announces
that ha may run for the senate to
i sneered Senator Tillman,
Tlie trustees of the University of
South Carolina announce they will
?accept cotton warehouse receipts for
'tuition.
appenmgs
? Hf* A l/IU
t Paragraphs
British ambassador at Vienna in a re
port dealing with the rupture of dip
lomatic relations with Austria, de
clares Russia and Austria had about
reached an agreement on tho Austro
RuBslan dispute, when the matter be
came one of discussion between Ger
many and Russian and on July 31
Germany sent an ultimatum to St,
Petersburg and Paris, following this
quickly with a declaration of war on
the two countries.
"A few days delay." says the am.
bassador, "in all probability might
have saved Europe from one of the
greatest calamities in history."
The i . i tish submarine E-9 has
reached Harwich after having tor
pedoed the German cruiser Hela off
Helgoland. The cruiser went down
but most of her officers and crew
were saved.
Preeident WUsoo yesterday received
at Washington tho Belgian commis
sion seat by King Albert to protest
sgainst alleged German atrocities in
Belgium. Tho president took theh
lengthy written protest and in a
speech promised that lt would have
"my most attentive perusal and my
most thcughtful consideration."
INUW II
London, Sept. IS-In a dispatch dat
ed Monday. September 14, the corres
pondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Co., says it has been officially report
ed there from Berlin tbat the Ger
man Baltic squadron which la com
posed of 28 units, has 15 vessels in
action. . ,
This dispatch ls given the phrase
ology in which lt passed the British
censor. Its meaning is hard to com
prehend. It may bo? that the cor
respondent te endeavoring to convey
the idea that the German fleet In the
Baltic, composed originally of 29 un
its, has now only fifteen units flt for
active service, or he may be trying to
say that 15 vessels of the Baltic fleet
are engaged In active operations
either, along the coast or with the
enemy at sea. It should be borne in
mlud that news comes from Ber
uh.
GERMANS
EPARATION
MR BATTLE
ALLIED ARMIES WILL MEET
STUBBORN DEFENCE
FROM GERMANS
REINFORCEMENTS
FOR BOTH ARMIES
Next Fight May Be Aa Coady A*
Battle of Mame Which, When
Known Will Horrify World
London. Sept. 16.-The German ar
my, which lesB than a fortnight ago,
was at the "gales of Paris" and the
right wing of which then extended to
the southeast of the French capital,
tonight is drawn up on almost a
straight line, extending from the
neighborhood of Noyon. in the Wes),
to Boisfarges on the Meuse, north of
Verdun, with ita left resting on the
German fortress of Mets,
Thus the right wing at least has now
gone back more than senventy miles In
two weeks, while the rat of the army
bas had to retire before the whole
could And ground on which to make
another .-tami against the advance of
the allic;;.
There seems little doubt that the
Gormans intend to give battle on tala
line, with the river Altino in front of
their right, the hills of Rheims facing
their center and the mountains and
forest of Argonne on their left. They
went back steadily befe <e French
and English armies, flgi ualy rear
guard action?) until the ight, in .
command of General von . Jk, got
across the Aisne. Then tbe> turned
and delivered several accounts which,
however, according to the British ac
counts, were repulsed, tbs Germans
lesving 200 prisoners In the hands of
the British.
The counter attacks doubtless were
delivered in the hope of giving the
troops of the right wing, exhausted by
the long advance followed by a re
treat almost as long, an opportunity
to rest and prepare positions from
which they could reaiat attacks from
the allies in which they could await
reinforcements before ; taking ap the
offensive again. ,
The Germans are In the hilly coun
try around Noyon, on the plateau to
the north of Vic-Sur-A ins and Sols
sons, and north of Rhett ni*, where
they are diggin strong trenches and
reviewing reinforcements. But even
here thia right wing, which up to the
present has borne the brunt of the
fighting and the retreat, lg not alto
gether safe, for the French army ope
rating from Amiens clings to Its flank,
while the British and French forces
continue to preas to the front.
It ia essentiel, however, that they
should hold their positions, for they
cover the lines of retreat to the north
which would be the only way out of
defeat lt deafet should be their lot.
That they realise this is shown by tbs
fact that they have contested every
foot of the ground with the allied ar
mies the last two days and that both'
sides have Buffered heavily.
The British army, as has been its
lot since it landed in France, la taking
its full abare in the fighting, which
on the front bas been particularly se
vere since the Germans crossed the
Alane and made their first determined
stand In their retreat from Paris.
The German center, which in the
last fow days has come more into line
with the two wings now stretched
from the heights north of Rheims to
the western foothills of the Argonne
bridge, dipping a little south to tench
Yilie-Sur-Tourbe, just northeast of
Camp de Chalons. This ls all high,
round ground. In many phvcea covered
by heavy foe s ts which by tb!? time
may have been destroyed.
The crossing of the Meuse Which
the Germans have selected at Conssn
voye la just out of range ot the fort
ress guns or Verdun, so th? sa? far ar
the battle now pending is concerned,
they have not to reckon with thia
stronghold, except as lt offers support
to the French in case the allies ara
compelled to rsiire.
The Germans on this long line cover
as many lines of retreat as possible,
including those In Namur, Glvet, Mix
lores, Sedan and Steuay and soon
should be ready, if they have not al-,
ready commenced, tt> give battle, or, lt
tb offensive comes from she ether side
to defend their positions.
It bi believed that General Jeffrey,
French commander-in-chief, retains
the initiative, having received rein
forcements to relieve hie overworked
troops, but whether he will try again
to envelop the German right, or to
break up the Crown Prince's amy on
the left remains to be seen. It ls
known th? German right has been
considerably reinforced so that it
would bemore difficult than before to
work around that wing while the
German left and center, which also
have done a lot of hard fighting and
(Continued on Pa?? Fortr.

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