Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
THE BELGIANS ARE J
ALMOST WITHOUT A
1 Homes Destroyed; Foodstuffs, Cattle and Hor
ses Seized By the Enemy; Thousands of
Freight Trucks Are Rushing Beside Canals
While Horses Are Dead on Battle Fields;
Factories Are In Ruins, and Many Cot
ton. Mills Are In Ashes, While Those That
Stand Are Closed.
HAVE ALL BEEN ABANDONED
Physician? Are At the Front or Serving in the Hos
pital?--Few Churches Are Fit For Occupancy
And the Disheartened People Are Unable to
Communicate With Relatives, Whether Refu
gees in Holland or Soldiers on the Battle Field.
To khe Grief ?ver THeir. Dead and the Exile of
Their Government !s Added the Awful Spectre
of Starvation, and the Single Ray of Hope for
Hie Thousands Who Are Positively. Hungry Is
Afforded by the American Commission and the
Sole Source of an Adequate Food Supply is the
United States. _
(By Associated Press.)
BRUSSELS, VIA LONDON, Nov. 2.-Between six million and
Seven f?nii?n Belgians h?ve ii??c Or nothing io cali "h??ic." They
are a people almost without a country.
Foodstuffs, fg/age, horses, cattle and automobiles not com
manddered by the Belgian army have been seized by the Germans.
Practically every acre is now swept of everything valuable.
lt is estimated that there are now 200,000 Belgians In England and
800,000 in Holland. The lowest estimate made here places the
number of Belgian homes destroyed or uninhabitable at one million.
Malines, Louvain,. Liege, Namur, Charleroi, Mons, Dinant and a
*core of smaller places have been so shattered by the artillery fire
that less than half of the normal population are decently sheltered.
A report from Limburg says that the supplies for the bread line
have been exhausted and the feeding can be resumed only when
American food arrives. '
The seizure of cattle for the armies has left the country without
beef, milk and cheese. The supply of grain has been cut off. For
several weeks Flanders was able to help the eastern portion, but pow
3ruges. Ghent, Antwerp and Ostend are suffering the. same distress
which earlier befell the eastern part of the country.
At Liegej the Pittsburgh of Belgium, the steel industry has been
brought to a standstill. At Antwerp, the New York of the Belgians,
all shipping his stopped. Hundreds of big steamers lie idle at the
docks. Thousands of freight trucks are rusting beside the canals
while the horses are dead on Flemish battle fields. The drivers and
freight handlers are In hospitals or with King Albert's army.
Nieuport And Ostend, the latter suggesting Atlantic City to an
American, are cccupied by the Germans and the hotels are filled with
Brussels, the deserted capital, has been spared destruction, but
its industries are-shut down. Lace workers are being ted at soup
kitchens. The stores have no food to sell and the public has no
money to buy If opportunity offered. Members of noble families
haye discharged their servants and joined the bread line.
The fear is.commonly expressed that the city with Hs famous
buildings will bc destroyed either by attack or by the Germans them
selves should they be compelled to retire.
Gentian money is in general use. Military proclamations
in all the store windows announce that the mark must be accepted.
Brussels has no postal communication except with Germany.
Everything ls censored. No railways are operated in central Bel
gium. Most of the lines are without bridges. Canals are the on*
ly avenues for the shipment of freight.
Belgians here estimate that ?ne-?fth of the-Belgians remaining
* " . (Cou Ha oe l on Pfc**?bc.V
EVIDENCES POINT TO A CON
FLICT BETWEEN CARRAN
ZA AND VILLA FACTIONS
ISSUES A DEMAND
Carranza Wanto Explanation !
From Convention Which Re
tired Himself and Villa.
(By Associated PreBB.) j
EL PASO, Texas, Nov. 2.-Although
General Carranza has stated that ho
would give up the executive power at
the completion, of the transactions of
the Aguas Calientes convention, the
first chief of the Constitutionalists to
night hod not recognized Eulallo Gut
ierrez, appointed by the convention to
be temporary -prpai?eui ul Me?ivv.
Carranza, now in power at the na
t Ional, capital, today Issued further
dv:?and for explanations from the
convention, which previously had re
tired both himself ?nd Villa. Evidences
tonight pointed to a possible conflict
between the Carranza and Villa for
ces, it was said. It was reported that
both sides had begun troop move
ments. The short term of office, limit
ed to twenty days, accorded to Gue
lerrez, was out of consideration for
Zapata delegates, who had no vot? in
the convention tor lack of authoriza
tion from their chief. Within the
twenty ; days allotted it was expected
Zapata contd arrange to allow his
agenta to vote for him.
A message from the central bureau
of information at Mexico City, given
out by the consulate general's office
"Aa anon aa tho first chief WES in
formed of the action of the Aguas
Callentes convention, he stated to"the I
convention delegates that he was dis
posed to do as he had promised, to
give up his command and executive
power as soon as the convention had
fixed the form bf provisional govern
ment Snd arranged for Zapata and
Villa to gire up command of their
"Also he asks that an explanation be
made to him of the motives which had
impelled the convention to decide to
accept his resignation and the motiv
es for which it -had considered ex
pedient his resignation from power."
Family at Home
(By Associated Press.)
WASHINGTON, Nbv. 2.-Secretory
Garrison, Attorney General Gregory
Postmaster General Burleson and
Secretary Houston will be the only
members of the cabinet in Washing
ton tomorrow. Other members of the
president's official family have gone
home to vote.
The president will leave tomorrow
returning Immediately af r he casts
his rote. Secretary Daniels and Sec
retary Wilson will leave tonight, the
former for Raleigh and the latter for
Secretary Bryan will vote at his
.mme ib Lincoln. Neb. Secretary Mc
Adoo ls at his home In New York;
Secretary Redfield ia in Brooklyn and
Secretory Lane is in California.
Parlor and Sleeping
Car Tax Upheld
(By Associated Press.) ?
WASRtfWTON, Nov. t.-The Flori
da parlor-and sleeping oar tax today
was upheld aa constitutional by the
The Florida statute Imposed a tax
of $1.60 ra pon each $100 of gross re
ceipts of State business of parlor and
bleeping car companies.
This ls Uve second time the tax waa
brought to the supremo court's st?
te?.lon by the Pullman company. The
first timo the court dismissed the ease
because of the death of one of toe
parties to the ?ult.
Justice Hohnes announced the de
SIGN OB VE?O
BILL PROVIDING FOR ISSUE
OF $24,000,000 IN BONDS
WILL NOT B?S VOTED ?N
ADJOURNED AT 1:30
Two Measures of Relief For Cot-'
ton Situation Will Be Effective
as Reu ult of Session.
(By* Associated Press.) I
COLUMBIA, B. C. Nov. 3.-The
South Carolina legislature called in
special sesison to consider legislation
Tor the relief of the cotton situation
resulting from the curtailment of Eu
ropean markets by the continetal
war, adjourned .sine die at 1:30 a. m.
rwvj measures of relief for the cotton
situation will be effective as a result.
A the sesi?n. They are:
An act, forbidding Under penalty the
planting in cotton'by any person of
nore than one-third the area planted
n all crops.
An act creating a State coton ware- .
Gdvernor Blease declined either to
?ign or veto a bill passed which pro
dded Xor the *ssue of $24,000,000 worth
>f bonds, the proceeds to be used in
oans to farmers on -cotton stored In .
warehouses. The measure if finally
gassed, was to have boen submitted -
a a referendum vfl^'OPthe people'to-"
lay. The house 'Judiciary committee
leid that the bill could'not become a
a-.v without the Rovv-i-?or'? signature
iptil mldnght tonight. This made the
neasure invalid for the people's ac- ,
The extra legislative just closed
waa the first in the last thirty-two
rears and the eighteenth in the hin-.
?ry of the State... The legislature con
rened C.n October 6.
COLUMBIA. Nov. 2.-When thc
louse met today at 2 o'clock thc gov
ernor returned tho "miracle act,'
vi th his veto. This act was passed'
>y the house and senate Saturday I
light to validate the general appro
priation act ' In order the State
si**ht borre v.' mosey upes it immcd- !
nf ely without waiting the utatutory '
?0 days which was necessitated by!
he omission of the provision from '?
he act that lt should become effec
ive Immediately. The "miracle act'
provided that all acts passed at thc
i pee lal session should become effec
ive immediately or after their final
mssage over the governor's veto. The
rovernor said in the message that thc
ict was unconstitutional and set a
The house deferred consideration
)f the veto until it met at 4 o'clock
when lt was overriden. *
Speaker Smith denounced as un
worthy and unwarranted the state
ment by a correspondent to The State
hat he participated in a filibuster on .1
he cotton bond issue act He ex
pressed his willingness to resign il
he house agreed with the view ex
pressed by the correspondent to The
State. The house gave the speaker
i snanlcsocs fete of confidence.
Propose That Ships
Touch Scotch Ports
(By Associated Press.) jj
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.-Great Brit- ;,
da bas proposed that American I
hips hound for northern European.
?rta touch at some convenient Scotch j
Kurt and submit to examination ot j
heir cargoes, receiving certificates I
vhlch will relieve them of annoyance
>f search by BrUUb .and French
'.rulsers during the remainder of their (
The state department has npt ac- \
opted the proposal and Indications
ire tt will be made the basis of a <
i dee. They Have it Everywhere, ?
, . i- o!
? BRISTOL, Venront, NOT. 3.- o <
> Twelve persons have died here r !
? tonight as a result ot drinking o i
? liquor that contained wood al- o 1
? cobol last Saturday. All the vic- o' ?
F tims, according to the authorities, o <
> purchased the liquor at the drug o 1
i atore of D. A. Bis bee, who ls un- n ?
? der arrest o i
OF NOT GUILTY
TWENTY OFFICIALS OF N. Y.,
N. H. & H. RAILROAD
Men Indicted Include Nation's
Foremost Financiers and Rall
(By Associated Press.)
NEW YORK, Nov. 2.-Within a few
hours after the handing down today
of federal grand Jury indictments ac
cusing twenty presont or former di
rectors and thc former general couu-f
sel of the New York, New Haven and
Hartford railroad of criminal viola
tion of ' the Sherman anti-trust law,
four defendants entered pleas of not
guilty in federal court and were re
leased under bond. It was reported
tonight that several cf those indicted
would claim Immunity on the ground
that , they appeared as witnesses in
the interstate commerce commission's
Investigation of the New Haven's, af
The indictments today were the
outcome of a ??rand Jury inquiry
wblcb had been in progress tor sev
era 1 weeks. Charles S. Mellen, for
pr Incl pal witness in this' Inquiry, was
not indicted. Mellen/s name appears,
however, in a list of officers' and for
mer directors mentioned as "conspir
ators." The Iste J. P. ??orgse is
named in this bill as one of the "con
Bench warrants were issued for the
arrest of those indicted. George P."
Baker, rated in recent years next to
the late Mr. Morgan as the lesding
financial power of Wall Street; Lew
is Cass Ledyard, one of the country'H
best known attorneys, and Charles M.
Pratt. ? ^t-.idard OH director, ap
peared personally in court to enter
their pleas. George MacColloch Mil
ler, who Is 82 years old, was repr?
sentai by his son. Their ball was
fbxed at $5.000 each. The complete
Hst of those indicted is as. follows:
winiam Kockeielier. George Mac
culloch Miller, Charles F. Brooker,
winiam Skinner, D. Newton Barney
Robert W. Taft, James E. Elton
James S. Hemingway, Lswls Cass
Ledyard, Charles M. Pratt, A. Heaton
Robertson, Frederick F. Brewster.
Henry K. McHarg, Edward D. Bob
bins, former general counsel of the
road; Alexander Cochrane, John L.
Billard, George F. Baker. Thomas De
witt Cuyler. Theodore N. Vail, Ed
ward Milligan and Francis T. Max
The men indicted include some of
the foremost financiers and railroad
(Continued On Page Four.)
Defeat Villa Troop
(By Associated Press.)
O AN ANTONIO, Texas, Nov. 2,
Carranza forces, commanded by Luis
and Maclovio Herrera, today defeat
ed Villa troops near Parral, Mexico
according to an official dispatch from
Mexico City. No details of tbe bat
tle are given other than that the Vil
la forces "lost a considerable num
ber of men, rifles and a Quantity of
Fire Desroyo 1,500
Bales of Cotton
(By Associated Presa.)
COLUMBUS, Ga., Nov. 2,-Fire early
today destroyed a warehousv at Gay,
Qeorgia, containing 1,600 balsa of cot
ton. The loss Is estimated at $50,000,
partially covered by lnsnrr.nce.
Carnegie Statue Stoned
By Citizens of Town
(By Associated Press.)
LONDON. Nov. 2.-(12:52 p. nv)--A
i I spat ch to a news agency from Dun
fermline, Scotland, says that local
sentiment against Andrew Carnegie
because of his alleged pro-German
tttltude ls so strong that the statue
>f Mr. Carnegie which waa erected by
the cltlxena of bis native town last
lune, was pelted by a crowd. Cerne
rte Alma which have been exhibited
U moving picture houses have been
withdrawn, the correspondent sara.
THE GRAND \
Although Turkey Appeal
The Powers Compris
Have Not Accepted /
Attacks Made on Ru
Sea by Turkish War ?
(By Associated Press.)
LONDON, Nov. 2.-The'grand viz
ior of Turkey has apologized on be
half of his government for the war
like operations of the Turkish fleet
under German commanders in tho
Blsck Sea, but lt was stated authori
tatively tonight that the porte will
have to go much farther than this be
fore the powers of the triple entente
will agree to resume friendly relations
with thc Ottoman government
There ls every reason to believe
that despite thc apology of the grand
vizier, which it is understood comos
from the peace party in the Turkish
cabinet and may not bo adhered to by
Knver Pasha; tho minister of war, and
his young - Turk followers, France
Russia and Great Britain not only will
demand reparation for the operation!*
of the Turkish fleet in the Black Sea,
but will insist that Turkey's entire
fleet, or at any rate the cruisers Goo
ben, Breslau and Hamiden, be put out
cf commission until after ibo war,
Turkey's aecurlty being guaranteed
in the meantime.
This would give Russia' such super
iority in the Black Sea that there
would be no danger of Turkish raids.
It is suggested also that demoralis
ation of the Turkish anny would bs
A om a tiri ?wi ur Vi (ntl ' mt/\i\ Irl maali t Vi . ?
those troops which have crossed the
Egyptian frontier must .be withdrawn.
However, as the "terms' of Turkey's
apology have not been, published and.
must bo considered hy ?ne entente
powers before the apology is accepted 1
or refused, there seems, to a long way -
to go before diplomatic relations be- 1
twen tho Ottoman government and 1
the Allies can be resumed.
Meanwhile a report comes from
Constantinople. of the seizing of an- 1
other Russian steamer atad also that
Bulgaria, which had been asked to
choose the side on which she would ?
fight, had commenced to mobilize her 1
second line of troops.
The Germans continue to strike hard
blows on the Allies' lines in their en- 1
dearer to get through to the coast. 1
THUS far they have found every road '
blocked but apparently disregarding
.esses they continua to attack.
The floods, the Belgian army and '
the British fleet having barred their
way southward along the coast, the <
Dormans are now striking on a line 1
stretching from Ypres, in Belgium, to
La Basse, farther south in France, 1
but seemingly with no more success. 1
The stubborness of the fighting along
this line may be gathered from the 1
fact that the town of Messines, which 1
the Germans now occupy, has been 1
taken and re-taken no less than four <
AND ELECT GU
(By Assocated Press.) 1
EL PASO, Texas. Nov. 2.-The con- 1
ference of revolutionary chiefs at ;
Aguas Callentes has disregarded Gon- <
eral Carran ra's protest and elected
Eulalie Gutierrez provisional presl- 1
dent of Mexico, according to an of- 1
ficiai report reaching the border to- <
day. Gutierrez was appointed pro- <
visional governor ot the State of San 1
Germany and Great Britain Will <
Permit Women and Children
to Return Home,
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.-Germany
sod Great Britain have reached an <
understanding through the medium <
jf the American government whereby 1
Bach will permit all subjects ot their t
anemics except those between the c
ires of 15 and 50 to return to their 1
vspertlve countries. In no case will
women and children be detained. The \
Intention of those between 15 and 60 \
rears ls due to the fact that both Ger- j
nany and Great Britain desire to t
Keep all who could bear arms from j
lolulng an enemy's colora \
IQ the same connection the State t
lepartment waa advised today from ,
Petrograd that Russia had expelled
?M German and Austrian subjects,
riving them two weeks within which
JO leave. J
Prohibit the Cultivation o? ('ottos. 1
LONDON. Nor. t.-(J:68 p. m.)-A c
leeros has been issued prohibiting *
he cultivation of cotton in the Up- t
>er Egyptian basins in 1915, accord- c
ag to Renter's Cairo correspondent, c
rs Ready to Back Down?
ing the Triple Entente
\n Apology Offered For
isian Ships in the Black
times since last Saturday, each time
with enormous losses in killed and
Attacks also have boen K?i?t along
the entire battle front as far east as
the Vosges region, but, according to
the French report, with the Germans
having no more success than in the
The belief is growing here, and it
also hrs been expressed by those re
turning from. Belgium, that the Ger
mans are making a last effo;* to get
through to the coast and that if lt
falls they will fall back to positions
prepared in central Belgium.
Although the fighting ls continuous
on the Bast Prussian frontier,, in Po
land and in Galicia there ls no im
portant change in the situation and
is is believed none is likely until the
Russian armies como up with the
Germans, who are retiring from the
Vistula toward the Warthe river. On
thia river lt ia considered likely an
other big battle will be fought.
The backbone of the rebellion in
South Africa seems broken. Colonel
Marita's command In the northern
Cape province' has been' defeated.
Several ot the reidera and most ot
their men have been captured. Gener
al Beyers ls in flight and General Oe
Wt?t has onened neantlatlnna tar sur
render lt ia aaid.
The German cruiser Karlsbrua hes
added three mora British steamers to
her list, ot captures in the Atlantic.
One, the Van Dyck, is a vessel of
Hi>viii l,0vv iOiia.
There were reports today of naval
activity in the Straits of Dover. A
dispatch from Dover said a British
torpedo boat destroyer was observed
In action, apparently against a German
One ot the most important features
In the war situation is ute announce?
ment by the B.itlah admirallty that
the entire North Sea Ha* been a mili
tary area and that vessels plying its
waters will be in grave danger from
mines which it has pleated, unless
they obey rales laid down by the ad
These minds are Jaid, according to
the admirallty, to ?l??oi ??miiar action
hv tiir> Germans north cf Ireland.
? news agency dispatch says the
Qermans have placed , big guns on
Borkum Island In the North Ssa,
The German cruiser" Karlsruhe has
captured three additional British
steamers in the South Atlantic.
Except Uiat the general attack by
the Japanese and British Oh the Ger
man fortress at Tslng-Tau continues
nothing is known of the situation
Luis Potosi by Carran se. He is re
garded, however, aa mow of a sym
pathizer with Villa tn the present
The voting at the convention did
sot end until after midnight. Gutier
rez received 88 votes. His nearest
:omoetltor, was General Juan Cabrai,
the Sonora commander, for whom
thirty-five delegates voted.
On Today's Election Depends
IWhether aa Extra Swann of
Contraes Will Be Called.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2.-On tho ove
it tho congressional election lt be
came known today that mea close to
President Wilson are working on the
inderstanding that ho will be a can
lid ate tn 1918 despite bis own al
en ce on the subject.
Although no formal statement wss
ss jed, White House officials say Mr.
rVilson ls confident both esaate and
muse alli be safely D?mocratie as
he result of tomorrow's elections,
Predictions were mada that the ma
ori ty in toe house would be more
han 50 sad that the present majority
n the senate would be increased.
On the outcome of tomorrow's
lection, however, depends whether
he president will call ap extra ses
i?n of congress later this month. If
he party does not r?tala control ot
engross, lt wss said the president
rould call an extra session tn order
hat policies he staads for may be
anded to completion during the lite
if the present congress,