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IKE ANDERSON INTELLIGENCER
FOUNDED AUGUST 1, 184?.
m Horth Main Street
ANDERSON, S. C
W. W. 8MOAK, Editor and Bus. Mgr
L. M, GLENN.City Editor
PHELPS 8ASSEEN, Advertising Mgr
T. B. GODFREY.Circulation Mgr.
E. ADAMS, Telegraph Editor and
Entered according to Act ot Con
grega aa Second Clase Mall Matter at
?he Poatofflce at Anderson, S. O
Member of Aasoctated Presa and
Receiving Complete Daily Telegraphic
Editorial and Business Office.321
Job Printing .W3-L
Ooo Tear .11.60
Biz Months .76
One Year .16.00
Three Months.... 1-16
The Intelligencer it delivered by
carriers In the city. If you fall to
get your paper regularly please notify
as. Opposite your- name on the
label ot your paper ls printed date to
which our paper l's paid. Ali checks
and drafts should be drawn to The
? T.. ; i' ?
. MOT? Shopping
J Before X'maa.
South Carolina: .Partly cloudy Sat
urday; Sunday cloudy with probably
local rains. . < -
Thees** for the Day.
Summer friends fsll of like leaves
when the front? of misfortune come.
THE REASON WHY
A number of readers of The Intel
ligencer wondered yesterday why it was
that the story of the action of the
City Council tn receding from its po
sition nu the franchise matter was not
carried by the morning paper. In jus
tice, to bur readers, and to ourselves,
we desire to state why we were not
given this story.
Our city editor called at the office
ot the city clerk Thursday afternoon
late and' inquired ot him after secur
ing a number of Items of news, If
thora were to be a meeting of Council
Thursday night. He was assured that
there was not to be any meeting. The
meeting waa held, said to have* been
an executive session, with only the
members of council, the city clerk,
City Attorney Sullivan and associate
Attorney Cochrane present. At the
conclusion of the mcetjn* Mayor God
frey says that he remarked "Well, we
will let the Daily Mail have this
Story first tomorrow," sod ot course,
nothing waa asid to The Intelligencer.
Mayor Godfrey stated that the city
clerk did not know of the meeting
till near the closing hour.
So It la evloent that The Intelligen
cer was outwitted, om this occasion,
but we contend that Ole failure to se
cure this news'seary Vas not due to
lack of diligence on the port of this
NO EXTRA SESSION LIKELY
The warning icaued by Speaker
Clark, to the effect that an extra ses
sion of Congress will be Ute result of
absences and unreasonable calls for a
quorum, should be sufficient to stimu
late the Democrats in the House to get
down to business at once and to Join
with tiie leaders, in the effort to pre
vent filibustering and unnecessary ab
senteeism. Of course Mr. Clark has no
power to call an extra session, but he
knows the parliamentary situation,
and he knows the necessity for getting
certain legislation, notably the appro
priation bills, through before March 4.
It ls freniip.iMy ??.? that a ssas
who !a defeated for re-election in No?
, varhber remains away from the short
session remaining of his expiring
.tprm. Knowing that he had to gat
busy in private life after March 4, ha
jsualty, or at least frequently, gets
down to work about January 1, and
does not bother himself shout the do
ing? of Congress, further than to keep
in touch with the pay roll. Thia year
thora ara 57 Dem?crata who have not
been re-elected, and no doubt the
temptation is strong for SODS of them,
i especially from a long distance, to re
t maia away from Washington during
the short session.
It is not likely, however, that the
absence of members, or the calling
of a quorum for dilatory purposes, witt
be so pronounced this whiter as to
necessitate an extra session in the
TH FY lill) ltH.HT
The Intelligencer desires lo con
grat?late thoae members of City
Council who were responsible for the
adoption of the resolution to pay the
Southern l'ubllc Utilities Company for
service rendered, which payment was
stopped hy a resolution adopted at a
former meeting. We have contended
all along that this was a business and
moral obligation assumed by the city
of Anderson when the old council en
tered into a contract with the South
ern Public Utilities Company, and
that the aucceeding council had no
right to set uside thin contract. Of
course If any prlvute citizen wiBhes
tn go into the courts to test the val
idity of the contract, he Ima a perfect
right to do so provided he payshisown
expense? for the litigation.
We felt suro that when the mem
bers of th? City Council had time to
think the matter over that they would
arrive at tho same conclusion, and
what is more, have the courage to say
so. We commend them for their man
hood and honesty of purpose In tak
ing this stand. We somehow feel saf^r
and more secure since we know that
Council has done this, and has shown
that lt ia made of the right stuff. We
opine also that thc reaaon why In fu
ture legislation will bo evident before
action is taken, or the Council rom*
WILL IHK COTTON CLOTH
Swift & Company will In future use
cotton cloth for making the covering
to baga for their products. ThlB will
be welcomed ' by those who feel that
many thouaands of bales of cotton ?an
be used for this purpose by many of
our large manufacturera. Let those
businesses of the South patronizing
auch concerna inalat that their gooda
como covered w th cotton inatead of
jute. I*: thia way they can help the
Swift & Company, realising fully
the position of the 'Southern farmer,
have adopted through their large Fer
tiliser Interests In the South a new
pian to relieve the cotton altuatlon.
They are certainly doing their Bhare
In helping the South by their large
consumption of cotton cloth.
Although already large uaeri of
cotton, cotton aeed oil and other
Southern producta, they are making
thia year a special effort to Increase
the uae of cotton goods in all depart
ments of their numerous planta.
Cotton haga, cotton sheetings, and
cotton coveringa for meats are being
substituted ' for other material when
ever possible. An ordinary year'a
requirements for this firm amounts to
over ten million yards, and with their
present "Help the South" policy their
consumption of cotton gooda wilt he
very largely Increased.
One Item alone, that of ualng cot
ton inatead of jute tankage preaa
clothe, has added 300,000 yards to the
Thia ia surely a ahot in the right
direction and one the South can ful
ly appreciate. We hope that their ini
tiative will atart the movement which
will become oven more beneficial
than the "Buy-a-Bals" propaganda.
We could stand more big corpora
tions Imbued with the public spirit ot
Swift A Company.
SOME POSTAL SAYINGS FIGURES
A thirty per cent Increase in the to
tal amount of postal savings within
the past year ls announced by the
po?tofflee department, aa well as a
material increase in the alie of the
average deposit. The total amount on
deposit a year ago was about $33,000,
000, while at present the total is about
343.000,000. The average deposit has
increased from about $102 to about
On their face these figures would
seem to indicate two things In par
ticular. First, lt ia apparent that the
small depositors in the postal aavings
banks-wealthy persons seldom make
use of this plan of banking- have not
as yet been very seriously affected, so
far aa their aavings sro concerned, by
the depression which hus visited the
country since the beginning of the
European war. No doubt there has
not been sufficient time, however, for
the foll effect of this catastrophe to
have been reflected tn this way. Bot
$4?,GvG,vvv tra deposit with the postof
fices of the United States in small
amounts, the property of small sav
ers, ia a very considerable item, when
I', ls noted that the savings deposit*
of private banks have not been seri
ously affected by the new system.
In the second place, the increase in
the site of the average deposit would
Indicate that those who have begun
using Ute postal aavings system have
continued its use. and have made ac
cumulate aa aa wall as received liter
eat cr?dita. This means that the habit
ot saving has been induced where, ap
parently, lt did not exist before. And
this alone ls sufficient justification for
the existence of the parcel peat. It la
a phase ot the government's servios
to tao pabilo that ia likely to continue
to grow in importance, sad to prove
a Splendid investment tor both deposi
tor and banker.
MK. M A N N AND MK. CL A KK
lt is a little odd. perhaps, that Mr.
Jamen H. Mann, the Republican lead
er of the nutional House of Repre
sentatives, und Mr. Champ Claik. the
Democratic Speaker of the 8ame body,
should be HO Interested In .ach
other's position In their respective
parties as ha? been indicated by their
utterances. It ls douhtrul, however, if
either has done the other's political
fortunes any good by his remarks.
They are no doubt good personal
friends and belong to a mutual ad
miration society and this accounts for
thc tender solicitude which each
seems to entertain for the other's po
"When Mr. Clark was defeated by
Mr. Wilson for the Democratia nom
ination at Baltimore in 1912, there
war. indignation in the ranko of a con
siderable portion of the Democratic
party very naturally but Mr. Mann,
who had shortly before been an un
successful candidate against Mr.
Clark- for the Speakership, was ve
hement in his criticism of the Demo
crats for not having chosen Mr. Clark
lo that high honor. Mr. Mann went so
far aa to intimate that hy righta Mr.
Clark ?hould have had the nomination
and that it was not a fair ?li ai that
the convention accorded him. The
Democrats, however, ran their con
vention without consultation with Mr.
Mann as to Mr. Clark's fitness for the
nomination and election to the pi esi
A- short time ago. Mr. Clark "re
turned tho compliment" by declaring
that if the Republicana were wise in
1911], they would nominate their
House leader, James R. Mann, for
Prealdent. Mr. Mann, the Speaker de
clared, Waa a big enough man to be
nominated and to be elected if he
could get a big enough party behind
him. Again it may bc remarked, how
ever, that the Republicana will nom
inate, the man who Beema to them
moat available, without consulting or
listening to the unsolicited advice of
No doubt these good worda on the
part of Mr. Mann and Mr. Clark for
each other were meant with the beat
intentions,. but .it .la not reasonable
to suppose that, other thinga being
equal aa between a given candidate
for his party nomination and another
member of the party, an Indoraement
from the leader of the opposite party
would be sufficient to tilt the scales
unfavorably to the man so indorsed?
EXPERT EN6?GE0 IO !
Charged That Southern Railroad
Discriminated Against South
ern Coal Operators.
(Ry Associated Pren.)
WASHINGTON. Dec. ll.-Further
testimony of charges that the South
ern Railroad discriminated against
Southern coal operators and southern
perts in favor of northern operators
and northern porta, Including Nor
folk, waa given before thc aenate aeb
commlttee today by Frank G. Wright,
an expert engaged by the committee
to investigate conditions.
Mr. Wright compared freight rates
from east Tennessee, east Kentucky
and southwestern Virginia coal fields
to South Atlantic ports with those of
Pennsylvania fields to New York, Phil
adelphia, Baltimore and Norfolk, to
support his claim that an effort had
been made to bottle up independent
coal operators of the Appalachian coal
district. Coal rates from Ulis district
to Norfolk. Charleston, Wilmington,
Savannen and Jacksonville were quot
ed at from $1.60 to $2.35 per ton, white
rates from Pennsylvania fields to Phil
adelphia. Baltimore. New York Nor
folk and Charleston . were given at
from $1.40 to $?.?0 per ton.
Wright said the committee had a
letter ahowing that since the Southern
Railway acquired tho Virginia &
Southwestern there was a divlrlon of
rates allowing the Virginia * South
western 72 1-2 cents a ton on business
to North and South Carolina and east
Georgia points delivered to the
Southern at Bull Gap, 60 cents on
business afterward delivered to the
Atlantic Coast Linc and 50 cents on
business for Ohio River points and St.
"Where did the committee get these
figures?" aaked A. P. Thom, coanael
for the Southern.
"From the department of Justice,"
"And where did the department of
justice get them" he was asked.
"From the files of toe Southern
Railway," ha replied.
Fight Far Hew Bett.
NEW! ORLEANS, Dec ll.-A new
belt to be contested for by bantam
weight fighters will he offered by a
local promoter, according to an
nouncement here tonight. The pro
moter tn bia announcement chargea
that Kid Williame, cf Baltimore, ban
tamweight champion, bas announced
his intention ot entering the feather
weight class and has declined to de
fend his pr?sent title.
THE 1915 BOY
"J win not pnt pins In my dear
teacher's chair." (Tacks will hart
Just as mach, anyway.)
(CONTJNUEtl PROM HAGE ONE.)
Blon to emergencies during the Vert
Cruz occupation which might have 1?
to th?1 taking half the men off the At
I an Mc fleet to Join the army in pro
ceeding to the Mexican capital. Ii
reply to a question as to the use o
battleships where gunboats wouh
hulllre for the naval necessities of tin
situation, he said:
"Vvr instance, when the first Mexl
?.an trouble occurred in January, 1913
we sent battleships to Mexico. Som?
said the I'nited States should have 6ep
gunboats and saved the battleships foi
other purposes, but the gunboats wouh
not have done as weil, if we had hat
to hlockade all the Mexican ports, al
the battleships would have been need
ed. If we had gone to Mexico Cit j
we would have had to take half th
navfy with us."
Asked If he agreed with the recom
mendation of Captain Bristol. Ir
charge of aviation, for a SI.OIHI.OOO ap
propriatlon for airships, the secretar]
said that was not too much, "if wi
could get the aircraft" but it was toi
much ns the airship situation stands.
Captain Bristol had advised the com
mittec that, from the best Informatloi
available the United Slates had onl;
23 aeroplanes, including those pri
vately owned, while France had ap
proximately 22 dirigibles and 1,401
aeroplanes; russia 18 dirigibles nm
800 aeroplanes; Great Britain nine dir
Igibles and 400 aeroplanes, and Uer
many 40 dirigibles and 1,000 aero
planes. Secretary Daniela said th<
difficulty in this co tnt ry was that man
ufacturers had not yet made an air
craft suitable for the navy, ('huirina?
Padgett intimated that the committei
might later add a substantial sum ti
the navy bill to provide for airship de
Secretary Daniels told the commit
tee that tho naval war college ha<
been greatly strengthened. He declar
ed "the strongest thing in the navy i
the practical instruction and techni
cal training aboard ship. He sa;d lb?
time was past when mor?? naval off.
cers wanted shore o ?rt hs that, se)
"If congress should pass a bill ti
provide a considerable increase in thi
number of submarines, you'd n? gia<
of it, wouldn't you?" he was ai?l?d.
"Yes, If lt wouldn't Interfer with ou:
program. 1 wouldn't advocate, hew
ever, an extravagant increasv / sub
He advised against building on:
sea-going submarines than tho one au
thorized last year nnd th?; one ask*?,
"The sea-going submarino," he add
cd, "is st?i an experiment."
"We have tried to get a satifffactor;
type of aircraft and' have failed."' th
secretary saldf adding that tho ITnltei
States is only at the commencement o
aircraft development, Contract^ fo
aircraft had been1 made in German;
and France. He agreed that it lookei
as if thc United States would have ti
organise a department ot aviation "am
build our own machines."
Senator Weeks, in his speech to th
senate, opposed agitation for specie
investigation of military preparedness
praised the strength and personnel o
the navy and urged the organizatloi
of an army reserve.
"Anyone may learn about our mill
tary or navjal establishment by read
lng the reports of the secretaries o
the departments and tho reporta, o
those who are conducting* the difieren
bureaus and branches ot the service.
I Bald the senator.
"In fact, there is and has been al
together too publicity in sud
matters. In my judgment We hav
had a demonstration during the pres
ent European war of the value of se
crecy In conducting military opera
tiona, and there Is no reason why wi
should spread broadcast what we art
doing or what preparations we havi
made. 1 have no doubt every Europea]
country is Informed In the most minub
details of our condition both on lent
and sea, and lt any change in ? oui
methods is to be made it should-no
be in the direction of greater publicity
but should be to protect our operationi
even In time of peace from scrutin:
both at home and abroad."
- "At this time," he continued. "I
does not seem to me that lt is wist
or prudent to take any action whlc.
will change-our policy or add to om
naval equipment except by an omnlbtii
appropriation which can be expende*,
under the direction of the genera
board of the, navy, with the appro va
of the secretary of the navy and th?
president Based on the experience m
the past, our naval establishment it
in a class with thst of Germany an?!
France and probably second caly u
that of Great Britain."
Senator Weeks maintained that tl?
army was Insufficient and proposed lb
reorganisation not ^r the purpose'o
increasing the permanent act!*a armj
but for the organization of a reservi
coros which would make available
large forces or train ?1 soldiers at al
Through a reservo* system Sonatoi
Weeks maintained that a much largei
trained army could be maintained a
less expenso than a permanent stand
lng army now.
In addition to the national resorvi
force Senator Weeks would have fe
similar reserve organised under th?
State militias and urged laws to pro
vide skilled military trainers for vol
BEST FOB KIDNEYS-SAT8 DOC
Dr. J. T. lt Neal. Greenville. So
Car., says thst in his SO years of ex
Parteaos bs has found no preparatloi
for the kidneys equal to Foley Kldnej
Pilla. Pain la back and hips ts ai
indication of kidney trouble-a wara
lag to build up the weakened kidneys
make them vigorous, riding your bjorn
of acids and poisons. Foley Kline]
Pilla will help any caf c ot kKney ant
bladder froublo not beyond the react
of medicina In fido and $1.00 sises
Sold ta your town by Evans Pharmacy
THE [REQUEST FOR
SURRENDER OF THAW
Wanted in New Hampshire to An
swer Indictment Charging Con
spiracy to Obstruct Justice.
(By Associated Pre'*.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. ll.-The re
quest of the State of New York for ex
tradition of Harry K. Thaw from New
Hampshire to answer an indictment
charging conspiracy to obstruct Jus
tice by escaping from Matteawan asy
lum taken under consideration today
by the United States Supreme Court
after oral argument.
Membera of the court asked Thaw's
attorneys many* questions about "ar- .
lous point? in their contentions. They j
did not interrupt William Travers Je- t
rome, during his argument that Thaw ?
was a fugitive from justice nor chal
lenging the argument of Franklyn
Kennedy, deputy attorney general of
New York, that the law under which
Thaw waa committed to Matteawan af
ter killing of Stanford White waa con
Chief Justice White asked his first
question when Philander C. Knox, for
merly secretary of state, appeared tor
Thaw, argned that only those who had
committed crimes could be extradited,
and that New York court had held in
Ave decisions that Thaw had commit
ted no crime because he waa inaane.
The chief justice suggested that a
man might bc declared inaane one
day and aane the next. Mr. Knox re
plied that the presumption waa that
Thaw remained inaane.
William A. Stone, former governor
of Pennsylvania, waa interrogated
closely by most of the Judges during
bis argument that the indictment of
Thaw for conspiracy was not valid.
Thc questions led Mr. Stone to the po
sition that the indictment stated Thaw
waa Inaane, ahowing on its face that
he could not commit a crime.
Rivers and Harbors
(Dy AmncUUd FTMO
WASHINGTON. Der. ll.-The Na
tional Rivera and Harbors Congreso
adjourned today after adoptlng,resoln
tiona favoring the building of a com
rehenalve system of water transpor
t?t ion ( at an annual expenditures by
the-government of not lesa than $50.
000,000. The resolutions also urge
the continuing contract system." as
tho best means of securing economy,
efficiency and speed in construction
of government work. .
Just the kind of gifts you si
few hours use, but dependable
of the best mei
Something just gotten out ti
Metal Wagons, V
We select the best goods in
their reaching us in perfect cone
aise and aigrie you want at just tl
Foot Balls, Stri
A full line of REACH GOO
Moat bon HM to practice <
they have a chest of Took such
The largest and moat com]
and luaiiJiiirs of othor kerns that
Anderson, S. C.
For a good practical Christi
gifts for men and boys-gift
offer opportunity to express
of good will while giving soi
and, consequently, probably
Ties, gloves, handkerchiefs,
tons, shirt studs, stick pins,
penders, caps, garters, cane
suit cases, bath robes, pajan
robes, trousers, underwear, sn
The Christmas S\
War Price? of Food 100 Year? Ago. ?
History appears io be repeating it- ci
self In mary ways Just now. A bun- p
died years ago all Europe was at war p
trying to hold back the Napoleonic
flood of imperialism and militarism tl
and prices of food were soaring much, tl
as they are today. In tho unearthing tl
of an old day-book kept by Abraham li
Pickett, a store keeper of Edwards- b
ville, Ul., a town which was at that g:
time a center of fashion in the State, F
an interesting side light is thrown on 2?
the retail selling price of some of the U
necessities of life In Illinois nearly a n
hundred years ago.
This document, aa quoted by the In- ?
dustrial Grocer, and bearing the ini- *
tial date of July 14, 1819, gives an n
idea of what the men and women of fr
Illinois bought the year after tho
State was born and what they had to
pay. One entry explains vViy wooden
pegs were used instead of nails in tho
buildings of houses and barns. Thc S]
charge for 104 pounds of four-penny Q
nails waa $30, or nearly 38 cents a a]
pound. j j
In 1819 beef and pork were 4 to C ti
cents n pound a?d flour ?8 to $12 a p
barrel..Corn waa worth 83 to' fio tents F
a bushel and wheat $1. These cer- ai
ealB dropped in thc market next year ni
to 15 cents for corn nnd 37 cents for c
wneat. > tl
One entry shows that the housewife is
had to pay Jt.25 for Ave pounds of si
sugar. Another entry on the same'rc
r?l want for your boya--not fragile
merchandise that will give service ai
te we can purchase. Strong and a
Bows and Arrows
his year. These will please any b
les. Hand Cars. Etc.
this line manufactured. We buy tl
Ktioa. We have a large stock front
heprice you want to pay.
iking Bags, Base Bal
DS, Which are folly warranted eganu
i Wists* ..
carpentry. They can get a great ck
a Community Silvers
nieta Koo ever bfoaght to thia mark
lets, Scissors, Pocket
will make most accoptahle gifts*
Belton, & C.
?as-here are sensible
s which in their selection
a most sincere sentiment
mething sure to be useful
doubly appreciated this
mufflers, hose, cuff but
shirt's, collars, cuffs, sus
s, umbrellas, hand bags,
las, house slippers, night
lits and overcoats for men
tore for M en9s
t toith m Conscience
ay showed that one brand of sugar
Dst 33 1-3 cents a pound und that pep
or brought at retail 37 1-2 cents a
Items for wine scattered here and
?ere through the book indicate that
ie beverage sold for $6 a gallon, and
lat homemade brandies brought a
ke return to the merchant. Empty
ottlea were not thrown into alleys or
arbage barrels a hundred years' ago.
or a quart receptacle of this kind
J cents was charged. In other words.
ie bottle waa worth two-thirds an
luch as the whiakey it held.
One bridle cost $2, a pair of moc
asina r.o cent?, seven panes of glass
1.31. a pltchev'87 1-2 cents, a dozen
eedlea aa many cents, a teacaddy $1
Dd a pounds of tea $4.-Patton's
THIS-AND FIVE CENTS!
DONT MISS THIS. Cut out this
lip, enclose five cents to Foley &
o., Chicago, 111., writing your name
ad address clearly. You will receive
i return a free trial package con
Lining Foley'a Honey and Tar Com
ound, for coughs, colds and croup;
eley ii tun ey Pills, for pain in tides
nd back, rheumatism, backache, .hid
ey and bladder ailments; and Foley
athartlc Tableta, a wholesome ? and
?oroughly cleansing cathartic, espec
dly comforting to stoct persons. For
ile in your town by Evans Phar
toys thal will break after a
i well as pleasure.
-, - , :.' \ ;
oy and every boy wants one.
kit ..: . ? .-.ri :v.\ '.>.
tese goods ut carlota, insuring
i which you caa select just the
Us, Mitts, Etc.
rt defects or inperfections of
* ^3>5& '. .
sal of pleasure in doing thai Sf
J |?erChest of Tools.
Greenville, S. C.