Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
In the West che Allies' Hammer 1
menta-In the East the Rua
Behind Rivers Which Offer P
Attacked the Austro-Germai
Are Being Held in London, PJ
Where the Weary Soldiers ?
While Enjoying the Good Tl
v (Hy A<nor?'aM I'tcn.)
Christmas finds tho wurring nations
alonK live battle lines in France and
Belgium', Poland nnd Galicia strivihg
with unabated courage to gain un ad
vantage which might mean the turn
ing point in the Idng scries of engage
ment? being fought in those fields.
lu the west the French report the
usual slight progreei; at various points
on ilie front, while the Germana make
In the east the Russian commander
in-chief in the latest official state-,
ment renorts the rout of strong, forces
which had crossed to- the right banlt
of the Bzura river, Boland. All the
Russian announcements bear on the
violence of the fighting and record the
taking .of many prisoners.
. Now that his efforts to effect a
Christinas truce have' failed and in
the belt * that his hopes of bringing
about change'of all prisoners of
war v -ive tutile. Pope Benedict
Is bendn 0 's energies .toward pre
venting una pessary suffering by ar
ranging for the exchange of wounded
prisoners whose injuries will prevent
their going to the front again.
Celebrations in bono.- of Christmas
are being bold in London, Paris and
Berlin and in the trenches, where the
weary men keep a close grip on their
gups while enjoying the good thingr
that have been provided by people and
For the first time England- admits
that her territory hos been threatened
hy aeroplanes, although reports from
Berlin have made reference to a suc
cessful flight by a Gerrnnn aviator
ovor Dover several days aga. The
British announcement that ? German
aeroplane dropped bombs on Dovef
Thursday morning. No damage. It is
said, was done. .
Japan haa not been requested to
. send an array to Europe, according to
the Japanese minister of foreign af
fairs' statement to tho Diet. Arms to
the value of $(5,000,000 have been for
warded from Japan to Europe.
Another Canadian division has left
England for the front. This is Prin
cess Patricia'"? regiment, named in
honor of the .daughter of the Duko ot
connaught, governor-general of Cana
' da. Princess. Patricia ls honorary col
onel of thc regiment.
f Vienna asserts that a French subma
rine has'been-fired on by Austrian
coast batteries while she was attempt
ing'dn attack and that her crew waB
luipi ison ed. .It ls reported also that
an Austrian submarine In the Otranto
channol torpedoed two French ^battle
ships of the Courbet type but that the
iitf of the vessel is Unknown. The
French admit that qne of their cruise
era was torpedoed but declare the
damage'was slight "nd that no one
on board was Injured. .
LONDON. Dec, 24.-?natead of the
Christmas truco whjteh Pope Benedict,
endeavored to arrange. Christmas
Eve. ilud.s the,.armies, of the belliger
ent powers? engaged in fierce battles,
on boih the eart^-n and western
fro its, and Vii ?urov.1 celebrating the
anniversary in a subdued manner.
In the. west the Allies' hammer ls
pounding at the German . entrench
ments, trying to'find a 'weak point,
while in the east, the Russians, who
have been driven back from the'Aus
trian and German frontiers, seeming
ly have been brought to bay behind
rivers which offer them natural de
fense, and, turning, have counter at
tacked tbe Austro-German forces.
The Germans, In their great rush
toward Warsaw,, drove. the Russians
over the Bzura and Rawka rivers, and
they themselves succeeded in crossing
hut, according to h .Russian -official
announcement tonight, the . Gorman?
there reached the main Russian. Unes
and were routed. From this .report lt
is gathered that the Germans direct
ed their main attacks against, the
Russian front, which Hes atong the
hanks of the fisura, and thence r?uth
ward to the PtUca. hut without suc
Along tho rest of the front south to
the Carpathian , Mountains the Ruf -
fians claim sim! la" victories; but lb
East Prussia the formans apparently
have turned the scales on their ad
I'.iraarlaa ***d "'tirV ??SV???* rCtrCStC?l
into their own territory, resumed the
offensive and again are back in Mlwa.
Even now it ia possible that the
Germans have resumed 4hei;' out
flanking tactics, and while keeping
tho Russian center buey- by making
frontal attacks are hoping to get Into
Warsaw by the back door. All that ls
fijrV certain at present is that tho two
great armies are engaged in one ot
tho greatest, battles of the world's
history on s front Which extends from
East Prussia to the Carpathians and
.. In which the advantage sways first
one aide and then to tho other. j
Military experta say that the Rue
[s Pounding at German Entrench*
kian? Have Been Brought io Bay
tatura! Defense and Have Counter
r Forces-Christmas Celebrations
uria and Berlin and in the Trenches,
Leen a Close Grip on Their Gun.'
lings Sent by People and Govern -
?ians, bv virtue of retaining; tbe right
bank of the Vistula as far west as
Piock, can prevent the Qerinans from
using the river for transit of supplies,
and that along the whole of the rest
of tho front they bave rivers and
streams to fall bebind when bard
pressed. This, however, will all be
?changed, thc experts say, when the
I rivers freeze and the armies can eas
ily be moved over them.
Miuing and sapping, artillery duels,
attacks and counter attacks, and in
fuct every aneans of warfare is being
employed in Belgium and France by
the Allies in their effort to force tbe
Germans to- give up their present lines
of defense. Some advance has been
made, but only against stubborn re
England this morning had her first
experience of an aeri/l attack, when
a German aeroplaue, coming from the
Belgian coast, flew over. Dover and
dropped bombs In the garden of St.
James' Rectory, infront of Dover Cas
tle. -No damage was done. Two Brit
ish aeroplanes immediately rose In
pursuit, but the Gerthnn ^escaped In
ON" FRANK APPEAL
Justice Lamar Will Withhold De
cisi?n on Application Until
After the Holidays.
(Hy A?sc?i?t?l Trw.)
WASHINGTON'. Dec. 24.-Justice
'.anuir, of the. supreme court,. today
postponed until - after tho Christmas
action on an appeal in the case of Leo
M. Frank, under death sentence for
the murder of Mary Phagan, tho fac
tory girl of Atlanta. Ga.
. During- the day Louis Marshall, of
New York, made application to the
justice for an appeal from the decis
ion of Judge Newman, of the Georgia
federal court, denying Frank's peti
tion tor release on a habeas ?corpus
writ. The attorney argued for an hour
that the trial court, which found
Frank guilty, had lost jurisdiction
over him by permitting a. mob atmos
phere to prevail In tho court room
and by allowing a verdict ,to be re
turned during the prisoner's absence
from court. Justice lamar notified
Mr: Marsball that he would withhold
decision on the application until Sat
urday at least, and possibly, until
Most of the points in the case are
fresh in tbe justice's mind, as just be
fore Thanksgiving he denied an ap
plication fpr. a writ ot error to review
the action of .the Georgia supreme
court ip refusing to set aside the ver
dict. The justice held in tjiut proceed
ing thai the State c; Georgia had ex
clusive power over proceeduro ot
State courts. Tho attempt today ?was
to establish that the case now could
be considered on its merit*..
Soldier Returning Home For
Christmas Hit by Snow Ball.
Two Shot to Death.
.(By Asiofixled Pnm.1
.MIDDL3TOWN. O.. Dec. 24.-A
shooting affray here today resulted in
the death of two men and the arrest
of another who had come home for
Albert Balley, United States artil
lery private, stationed nt Fort Han
cock, N. J., nrrived In tho city on a
furlough and while going from the
station to nie home stopped to witness
a snow ball right. He was seen to
have been All with something and
then he pulled his re*.oliver and shot
Thomas cioRzjtch. 22, through the
bread, and Joseph Zu?!cnntt, 36,
through tho heart, killing bosh.
Balley, arrested, told the police he
was hit by-a beer bottle which so en
raged him ha dfd not know what he
wa* doing. '-Ho expressed deep sor
row aver the affair. There waa con
siderable feeling among the foreign
population here tonight.
Marder Trial Peitpeued.
NEW YORK, DOC. 24. -The trial of
< Porter Charlton, for tbe murder of his
wife at Como, Italy, again baa* been
postponed, according to cable advices
naj|#;to Charlton'? attorney. - Charl
ton baa been lu prison here and tn
i Italy for more than three years and a
half. - .
McTrtj Christmas to t?\? lOorl?
Governor Blease Continues Cus
tom of Granting Clemency on
Eve of Christmas Holidays.
(Bf AmcUtsd Pre*?.)
COLUMBIA, S. C., Dec 24.-Gover
nor Blease today granted four par
dons and four paroles to State pris
oners in continuing; bis custom ot
granting clemency on thc eve of the
Christmas holidays. -Fewer prisoners
vere released today than on any pre
vious occasion since the governor was
tiret inaugurated nearly foul years
ago. All prisoners released today
were serving racrt terms.
- Today's action bring the v>ta) num
ber-of coses in which Governor Brease
has exercised clemency up to 1 44?.
He will retire from office In January
when his second term as the State's
chief executive expires.
More than one hundred convicts
wif e granted clemency last Thanks
I WITH X-RAY
PROBABLY. NEVER BEFORE WAS SUCH WHOLESALE PRE- tey wuu?i P?~> I
PARATIONS MADE FOR FEEDING THE NEEDY, MAH- ??rn^&
ING HAPPY THE CHILDREN OF THE POOR AND amined with the X-ray today 10,000
SPREADING GENERALLY THE HOLIDAY
SPIRIT OF CHEER ' contained contraband. Tho cotton waa
^ being loaded aboard the steamship
, ._. ' . j . . city of Savannah which sails tomor
(3y A??oei??od Pre?.) pliantly decorated tree, loaded down _ '
ATLANTA, Ga.. Dec. 24.-The ad-i with presents. I 'The X-rav machines according lo'
vent of Chbrtstmas in the South was President Wilson, with a group of hJU^bX officials h?l bien esnec^
marked by executive clemency to pris-1 his close relatives, spent Chrhwrnas S5-T*2?SLSF??SI Jlnu^?thlmL
oners, aid to the poor, and various ! Eve at the White House, preparing a fti^WK^JE? nf ?n h? k? Mf
publie ceSebrations in city and conn- tree for hie small grand niece, Ann*] gRi^JSSf^? ?JLnv ?nnr^?
try. ' Cothran, and Salty MeAdoo. daugh-I TO? 08,08 WNI,^ COU,D T"7 ^"?!^
Ambng the governors who issued ter of the secrotary of the treasury. ffmf' ammunition or other contra
pardons. cummutations and parolea in the party were the president's ? bana- Tboy bad ?"^Ided to use uns
to convicts were Blease, of South Car- three daughters, Mrs. F. B. Sayre, method, they said, after it waB found
ollna, and Hooper of Tennessee. Many Mrs. MeAdoo and Miss Margaret Wll-,jlnAt owing to the. varying weight-of
city and County Judges also showed aon. Mr. 8ayre. Secretary MeAdoo, |tne bales, the scales could give no
leniency In court actions. ,Sally MeAdoo. Mr?. Edward Howe. ? certain guarantee that each bale was
Governor Hooper nlso made tho oe- the president's sister, Mrs. Anne honest.
coslon one for abolishing striped uni- cothran, his niece. Anne Cothran, and.
forms in the two State penal lnstltu- MlBg Hoicn Bones, his cousin. . . Ci ._. *
tiona. The new garb is a brownish A, 8:30 o'clock; tho president touch- Film dniptlient Ol
gray. Heretofore lt has been allowed ?d the button which Illuminated a rAffAn Rr?m*n
only to prisoners whose ts wi conduct -community" Christmas tree in V^OUOn TO Drcmcn
msde tu?m eligible for the first class. Brooklyn. During the evening ho _
Gifts Of food end clothing to the aenr?gre?tlngs to many Irlends in dlf- ," . ??- ?,_.
poor were especially exten?e In, ierent parts of the country. 1 <By AMOcUU!d Pre**->
the chief southern cities. Funds for. _ . GALVESTON. Tex., Dec. 24.-The
the purpose were collected - by both X^ed* of Starving Belgians. nrst direct shipment ot cotton-shout
newspapers and charitable organiza- j \BW YORK Dec. 24_In tholr 6.300 bales-from Gelveston to Bre
tions. Public Christmss dinners for "ermons tomorrow more' than 2.000 MEN *tacc w*r'? outbreak was carried
tho needy have been provided for by minsters of sll denominations by,the Amerlc -a steamship Pathflnd
? charitable agencies. throughout the United States will er. which cleared today.
Churches generally haV* planned dtrcu at laP-th ori theneeds of starv- The Pathfinder's hatches were asal
som3 celebration of the season's sig- mg Belgians. This concerted action, ?d by the French consol to prevent
niflcance. u WftS stated tonight In an announce- interference by warships of the Al
I 1-- ment by the Commission of Heiief in HOB- _._
1 WASHINGTON*. Dec 24.-Tho na- Belgium, will come aa a result of a , -. . _ .
Hon's government was virtually at a request in contrywide form to them Three Injured tn Wreck,
standstill tonight. On Christmaa Eve-by tho commission. KNOXVILLE, Tenn. Dec. ie.
overybodyt from tho president down ' Chairman Lindon W. Bates wrote to Three persons wore Injured today
to the minor departmental employee, ministers in cvry State, and his re-" wnen a passenger ear and sleeping
had declared a holiday. The flrst real' mest mct with hearty response. coach of the Carolina- Special run
snowstorm of the winter put ld* its 11 wa8. Bloted at tho office of the ning between Cincinnati and Charles
appearanco to add to the setting of commission today that the entire ear- toa ^ ta? Southern Railway were
the Christmak celebrnUon ?9 of tb?, steamer Ferrona, nailing; (trailed at Elverton, seven miles
A community celebration wss held from Philadelphia for Rotterdam. norU, of oliver Sp? ln??. Tenn. Trsffle
on the plasa in front ot tho Capitol, *jiouI? bo credited to tho Rockefeller wa8 delsyed naven hours. A broken
thousands ?ot children braving tho Foundation as lt was donated entire- tg KlTen ^ the canse of the de
snowstorm to gather about abril- (Continued on Page Four) ^ ra Urnen t, \
Use This Method to Determine
Whether Bales Contain
Day in the South
<Bv AwriMM Pre??.|
WASHINGTON. Dec. 24.-An unex
pected disturbance will bring a rainy
Christmaa. day.In the South, weather
bureau authorities said tonight Rains
were predicted ia the South Atlantic
and Gulf States and ?now in Tenues^
ses and Arkansas.
. A 6toni. that began last night spread
a snow - carpet today from northern
Virginia to New England, through the
Ohio valley, tue lake region and south
to Arkansas abd Oklahoma.
Unsettled conditions are forecast
for the north and cast tomorrow.
Prohibition Law Effect I re Jan. 1.
LOS ANGELES, Calif. Dec .24.-The
Ari iona prohibition law will go into
effect January 1. The special United
8Late? tribunal refused today to Issue
Injunctions which were sought to
preheat, enforcement offthe act. Ap
peal to the 001101} States supreme
court will be taken.
CHRISTMAS IN BERLIN DIF
FERS LITTLE FROM FOR
FOR THE POOR
Every Hospital Has ? Christmas
For French Refugees.
(By AnocUtcd Fm.)
BERLIN. Dec. 24.-(via Leaden,
Dee. 25; 1:26 a. m.)-Berlin ls cele
orating Christmas Eve under leaden
skies. Several IncheB ot snow that
fell during the night turned to slush.
Christmas here diff?ra little from
former years. The home enjoyments
ure on a more economic scale and
more public spiritedness ls shown.
Cltts for the poor have assumed pro
portions never before known.
Soldiers are being remembered by
tho wholo population and hundreds of
carloads of presents have been aeut
to the east and went fronts. School
children figure largely In the gifts
for the soldiers.
The military aspect ot this Christ
mas has been increased by the lavish
nUentlon to the wounded In the hos
pitals. Here every hospital yesterday
evening or this evening had a Christ
mas tree filled with gifts.
These celebrations were attended by
tho school children, who sang Christ
mas carols. Tba empress at Potsdam
teat evening p recen ted each wounded
soldier with a woolen jacket, a note
book, fruits, nuts and cokes.
: A special celebration waa held lu
Berlin for French refugees. The
teachers' organization. gave a huge
Christmas fate for about 7.000 East
Prussian refugees, white the Salva
tion Army presented BOO poor fami
lies With baskets of food.
American women yesterday distri
buted pr?senta to the poor nt the
kitchen of the American Association
of Commerce and Trade. Hore than
600 women and children were remem
bered In the distribution. Mrs. James
W. Gerard, wife of the American am
bassador, and the other women of the
embassv staff and Mrs. julius O.
Lay. wife of the American consul
Sencrai in B?H|n, took a prominent
art in the affair.
A QUIET XMAS
EVE m PARIS
A Sober. Silent Throng Pace Aim
lessly Up and; Down Sidewalks
(By AttoriaUrd Preta.)
PARIS, Dec. 25.-12:20 a. m.
Christmas Eye In Parla waa the quiet
est on record. Even In 1870 the princi
pal restaurante managed to find suf
ficient food to serve the time-honored
midnight supper, but M. Marry, minis
ter of the interior, refuaed to relax
the early clo* ng ruin last night und
Increased ont tvl u ou the militant
ly lighted hen. . la was tha cz ly
sign of tho fe*t'-'3 season. The en wda
paced almlesil/ up anl down the
sidewalks until timo to go to m'.lr.lgbt
It was a sooer, silent throng; ?u>
iued colora pralmv j.u>d, reHevrd ty
an occasional gold braided ?atp worn
by a Belgian officer. Many women
wore crepe for hu diu nd, brother, ?on.
The church as were crowded io (keir
capacity tong before midnight, 'the
ceremony evir/wncre waa conducted
without tba usual elaborate mu?it\tl
Festivit?s ia connection With the
American am;i vie hospital were
held. There was ?. concert tn the
chapel, wh'.f.h was decorated witr the
daga of the AUK* and American
flags, pa?m?. flo were, holly and rulufle
IN A COLLISION
Street. Car S?lm Wagon and
Plunges Over 15-Foot Em
-?-H~rt Into Creek.
(By Ata-aaiat Pratt. >
LIONTOWN. Pa- P*-s. ;*4>~nftess
persons ware injured, a number ser
iously, late today when, a street car
collided with a wagen and then,
plunged over a 16-foot embankment
lato Restone Creek near Leith. Fifty
tour persons were in the car and they
aero rescued with difficulty from the
swollen creek. Many women were
laved from drowning by male pau
len ga rs holding their heads above tho
eater* Two mea rosetted 26 persona,