Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
SOON WILL 1
Would Provide thc Missii
Troops 1,300 Miles L
tween Greece and Ti
(By Anocisted Pr??.)
LONDON. Jap. a.-Should Rumania, !
now that the Russians are on the bor
der, If not actually in Transylvania,
decide to join tho Allies, her anny
will provide the missing link in the
chain of troops 1,300 miles long; wind
ins] from the Baltic to the Adriatic.
Th I H battle .lino would he composed
of Russians. Rumanians, Servians and
Montenegrins on tho ono side, and
Germans and Austro-Hungarlans on
the other. .
Tho Allies believe Rumania soon
will take tbe plunge. Other develop
ments bro expected. Relations, between
Greece and Turkey. have reached the
breaking point over the alleged ill
treatment of Greeks in Asia Minor. It- i
aly ls growing restless over Turkey's
delay in giving satisfaction for the
violation of. the Italian consulate at
Hodeida, from which the British con
sul, who sought refuge, waa forcibly
Italy also,, lt ls. reported, has agreed
that Servia should be granted a port j
in the Adriatic. Rumania and Greece, j
it Is thought, however, may delay tak
ing up arma until Bulgaria, which Is
anxious for a' part of Macedonia, 1B
latiafled for a hostile Bulgarian On
their borders would compel them to j
divide their forces.
While there are tro reporta of start
ling battle field development?. ex
tremely Important operations are pro- [
greasing in both east and west.
The Germans, simultaneously with j
renewal of their attacks on the left
bank of tho Yiatual, are developing I
SEA BELONGS TO
ALL THE WORLD
Asserts Dr. Demborg- Former
ClAUtMMm.*- i**AMumJLm.t . i
Address Before Club.
(By Att?dated Pre?.) . .
NEW YORK. Jan. ?,-- The ssa
Ihn common property of all the world'1
and If Ita freedom Is maintained it wilt
mean cessation of war, asserted Dr.
bernhard Dorn burg, former German
colonial secretary, lp an..address to
day bef?te the Republican Club. The
present struggle he declared, was tho
fight ."on the one side fdr absolute do
minion oj tua seyen seas and on the
other for a free sea."
"The English have time and again
asserted," he said,.'"that Brittania
must rule the waxes as a matter 'of
safety. The British doctrine lead?
further, of necessity, to the claim that
tbs British empire begins at the three
mite limit of all other territory,.- a,
claim that has no foundation In the
law of nations or in thc feeling of the
We mist establish a free ?sea to he
plied on exclusively by the m?chant
marine '?t all nations: Men of war ol
any nation whatsoever must be forbid -
dee upon thc,high sea?. Wh?? inst, ia
done, the world as U is divided now
will-come ttt a permanent peace."
. Medal* Presented.
NRW YORK, aa. ?.-William C.
Redfield secrctaty of commerce,
presented today to Captain Paul IL
Kreibohm a watch and to SS officers
and seamen of the Red St*?* Line
steamship Kr cum land medals award
ed lo them by congress for their res
cue of 89 survivors of the steamship
Voiturno, burned .In. mid-Atlantic on
October ? and ld, ISIS.
. Beuef fer War iVisoBers.
SAS FRANCISCO. Jon. s.-The lin
er Mongolia sailed for4 the Orient to
L% day with a consignment ot relief aug-;
^^-^r-tW?s forj?atn^^ and Austrian pris
. \s uni Hr Ox waT ?Sunrad itt Siberia.
-J7 i rrri-nivrrr>TiririTfr-|''n- ii .?-f*TYfTt*i**r- rr
' Every Convu
r.M.i :.,?..; . .
the beginning,' asid Governor Olease
today Sa making public his proclama
tion grahtlng partions to thc J.?00 or J
??ore convicts srho have been uarol-j
. i i ^ing governor, HOI
i ia aerleps! ^ 'erlnr, he qsid, turn- j
.ming In j
the penttcptiary. nit . chsinevues I
h* freed abc
ME THE PLUNGE
ig Link in the Chain of
arkey Have Reached
-Italy ss Growing
a new offensive from the direction of
Mlawa on the east Prussian frontier.
Some German attacks on the Russian
line which runs along the Bsura and
Raw ka rivers and thrace southward
to Opoczno, and alona the Nida to O pa
to w Iee on the lower Vistula, have been
particularly severe, hut ac co rd ina to
the Russian report, all have been re
Thc thaw which has set in. in south
ern Poland and Galicia, has converted
the country Into a sea of mud and
oven cleared the sno-v from the Car
pathians, so that fighting In this re
gion is impossible.
Tho French, after a heavy bombard
ment of the German positions between
the Oise and the western end of the
Argonne, and after suffering several
repulses, have advanced their fronts j
at several points, particularly east of
Rheims, where their progress has
been slow but steady. In eastern Ar
gonne the Germans have been' advanc
- The French again report progress
ba the vicinity of Fllrey, in the Woe
vre district, which is of particular im
portance, for sboult lt continue they
will cut tbe road linking St. Mlhlel
with Mets and may compel tho Ger
mans lo evacuate St. Mlhlel, which
they gained long ago at great cost.
The Germans have sent reinforce
ments to Alsace, where the French
advance bas threatened ta cut Muel
hausen from the rest of the German
linc, and have occunted Bur nba up?
FOOT OF WATERS M
IN THE TRENCHES
Alance Continues Des
Killed and Wounded.
(Ry Associated Fm)
.GENEVA, Switzerland, via Paris.
Jan. 10.-(12:10 a. m.)-The struggle
in Asace continues in spite of the
heavy rains. There ls more, than a
foot of water In the trenches. The
Germans already have lost 6,000 In
killed and wounded, according to re
liable reports, and Belfort. the 'great
French fortress, ls filled with prison
ers, men mostly 40 years of age or ]
At Basel snd belle (ll miles south
east of Belfort) the firing of heavy
guns ls heard night and day. The
fighting around Cernay ls beer ming
more, desperate daily, the Germans
having constructed miles of trenches
In terraces along the meadows and
. Steinbach has been taken and re
taken six times, which accounts for
tbe conflicting statements In the offi
cial bulletins. It is now tn the hands
of the French, according tc rc peri"
The. Germans are hurrying rein
forcements from Bailarla and fiaren
and all ordinary railroad .traffic bas
been stopped to mske way 'for tbe
Killed Hit Step-Mother.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark., Jan. ?.-Jesse
Coggins, St. Louis youth, who was'
arrested here yesterday In connection
wich the killing of his Bt?p-mother.
Mrs. Olive Coggins, in St Louis Tues
day tonight admitted that he strang
led the woman tc death, according to
a statement made by Sheriff William
Of'Hutton. "I didn't Intend to kill
Hg^JBteriff Hutton declares tho boy
told him. ''bot once 1 got bold of her
throat I could not let ~o until she was
unm Ulna liri III m mini ?um ?a j tauiman mi
r i urn Loose
it in the State
ba door*7" bet?re he retires from ot
Act. "1 know t have turned out
more tbsn one a day for every day f
have been governor." he said when
Informed that his total clemency list
was about 1.760.
A special pardon was granted to Xv.
T. Jones, the wealthy Union County
farmer. Whi ?r?? paroled siter eerv
a Phort part of a life sea
ice, tor me murder cf bis wife,
tis was necessitated by other eon*
>na ?*evlag bean attached to his
hesites good behavior.
Tam afternoon sr? mere pardons sad
tro!os were seat across to the-SSc
ratary o fatale from the governor.
Anderson County drew a blank in
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
This photograph shows how, tito I
great war has spread over the earth.
The figure on the right 1B Omar Agha. !
leader ot the Persian Kurds, who ls I
fighting with the Turks against the
Russians. The young man is his
brother. One of tho bloodiest fields
of the war ls that hi Turkey, Just west
of Persia. The Russians marched
over the Caucasus Mountain* into
Turkey and took several cities. They
were met by Turkish armies they
JUJUUUJtMJL-<JUU? ? -lHjU-U--'JU-l"HJJUU^.U'l?JL^JUU
Problem o f Pi
PROPOSITION OF ALL ARMED
GROUPS IN MEXICO PROB
ABLY WILL BE SAT
PLAN WAS NOT
General Gutierrez Reports to
Convention in Session at
> (By Aiw)-iil?l Pr?-.)
WASHINGTON7. Jan.' S.-An agrce
ment cf 'all the armed groups" in
Mexico by which "the problem * paci
fication is solved." has been reported
to the convention in Mexico City by
General Qutterrez; according to state
department advices today from Consul
Stillman. Details of the plan were not
mado public. General Gutierrez's
Statement lo the convention was tn
substance as follows:
"It may bo considered that the prob
lem Of pacification practically Is sol
ved.- As it would be Inopportune to
publish at this time the decisions re
cently arrived at, I refrain from giv
ing their deattls* and muet limit my
self to the ??B?eic?t?i tani there have
been in touch with the government
oVer which .J preside, allot tho arm
ed groups operating in tho country.
Some of these units .nave dispatched
special, commissioners.' The demands
of these groups have been reduced,
by them io two proposition?. These
l?r?iru?iii ittiir?, inr il ic li TTIII UTJ ?iVc? pUu
lielty in due time, probably witt We
sa tieft ed." ?vi ??
Ttl? stete department here issued
a statement declaring Outlerrcx's
announcement apparently "carried
with lt an intimation or thc- strengih
enlsr sf ihn r*ir.tr=i conventionalist
party without, the domination of any
particular leader or faction."
A dispatch dated yesterday from
Mexico City said the convention had
decided, to bold dsHy sessions.
As lo thc recent Carranza decree
regarding oil lands, ?he s Isle depsrt
roent issued the following:
"The department ls ta. receipt o? a
ndegrsm dated January 8 from Vor? ]<
Cms stating that on January ? sn j
ex^Tuttt.y decree was Issued by Car
rsnxa nrderin* development of ali oil
lard? (n Mexico as well as theif oper
ation to cuas* Immediately unless
such development .and operation ar??
carried on with the, coneci:: of ths
Constitutionalist government. it la <
provided in the decree that the work i
cm th?** oil lands shall remsin sus-j*
vanquished. Then Enver Pasha, the
loader of tho Young-Turks and war
minister, who ha? been the chief ad
vocate of war, lcd. hts army against
the Russians A week ago reports
came of a decisive victory by the
Russians, with the statement that the
war minister had-ttthit in disgust and
returned ta ..Constantinople. The
Kurds.. who h?ve been helping the
Turks, have - th.- reputation of being
U^JL^1-SJU-OUUI- J--?.J-uuuk-a-j.jiAJJua. .-er?
? * m im m
ally is Solved
pended until there can be enacted new
laws governing the matter.
"!t is alleged by.Carranza that the
properties have been operated to the
deni nient o ft he nation and to the ex
clusive benefit o Tthe owners. General
Carranza states that es most ot the
properties are operated by foreigners
the privileges they possess ol appeal
ing to their governments for protec
tion gives occasion for danger of com
plications o fan international char
acter which would prove embarrass
ing to; the government In any work v>f
revising the oil laws.
"It is stated that the right to des
troy work undertaken after the de
cree has been promulged is assumed
by tho Constitutionalist government,
which also claims the right to charge
thu expenses thereof to the manegers
or owners. Any wells sunk or brought
into operation after th? Issuincc of
thc decree sholl bc conr'dered nation
"Practically all the Mexican oil
lands are In territory which Carranza
Dynamite Bombs and
Fuses in His Trunk
J <By Aworiatrd Prf*?.)
TRENTON, N J., Jap. 9,-?nalle
Gabriele, a resident of Ute Italian dis.
trlct, arrested . today ; by the Trenton
police, who*-found about 50 dynamite
bomb? and fuses in his trunk at his
boarding house, was charged with at
tempting to wreck Sr. Joachin's
church, where an unexploded bomb
was found ? last Mondsy. Cabrtele
?leaded not guilty and in defsuit of
5.000 bail was sent to Jail.
. ('crotan Lea Ting Ostend.
- T A.lnn^* v_ ," rt.._. L, .
uvnw?>, ?nu. lu.-vtiiimit ccVi.
liane are leaving Ostend because the
Allies have now advaoed to within
nine mfles of that town, according to
a dispatch to the Amsterdam Tele
graaf from ita Sluis correspondent.
O OO 0??o na o o O O O O O O OOO
o IMopet. With He?*? Wife. a
o ( ?SSJJ po)?po**V *8> o
o NEW VOMK. Jan- e.-Frank- o
o lin O. Wood, a young hospital o
o Interne, named his own father as o
a Cw-rcspcsdeai m a suit fol" d'-a
o-voree from his wife brought to o
o trial in the supreme court today, o
t> ?t waa alleged, that tho young o
o mon's father eloped with hts bride o
o-on^the very nighv of tho weddiag o
f? and. took her to Chicago. Young o
t> Wood's mothar testified Jp* the o
ti suit that sho hed found'her hutt- o
o band and.her: son's wife occupy- o
'???"?"".?" '-t?r^Q?nvr in Chi- o
? cago. Q
i> . 0
o oo ooo o o' oooooooo ooo
VIL-A GIVES HIS WORD
THAT THERE WILL BE NO
Mexican Leader Promue* Gen.
Scott That Gov, Maytorena
Will Sign Agreement.
(Hy Anoriutal Pn*a.)
EL FASO. Tex.. Jan. 9.-General
Villa today gavo Brigadier General,
Scott lila word thu" he would prevent
further border lighting, which eince
the Madero revolution In 1011. baa
!>een a menace to residents of Ameri
can border towns.
The Mexican leader promised he
would order Governor Maytorena to
sign an agreement which had been
drafted by General Scott at Naco. It
wonld prevent a recurrence ot the
lighting there, which during the laat
two months has caused the wounding
and killing of more tnr.n ro persons
on the American side. General HUI,
commander of the Carran ea garrison
defending Naco, Sonora, already baa
signed the agreement.
The 8,000 Villa troops passing
through Juarez on their way to So
nora, will be sent. Villa said, to Ouay
IUB8. on the Callfornts gulf, snd not
to participate in fighting along the
The agreement u?so provides that
Naco shall remain neutral territory
and closed to commerce until some
constitutional government is estab
lished in Mexico sud recounted by
the United States and until one of the
contending factious in Sonora entire
ly dominates the other. Nogales, held
by Msytorena. ano As/ua Prieta, Btw
by Hill, shall not be attacked for any
Maylort>ntt's troops shall r?t;?V to
Cananea or Nogales, and shall not
molest the movement of tho Hill
forcea from Naco to Agua prieta.
. This last clouse is opposed by - the
Maytorena f ction. Naco la between
Nogales and Agua Prieta.
General Villa la expected to return,
south to direct personally the cam
paign against Carraza forces in tbe
cast. General Scott will return to.
Washington, perhaps after a brief
visit to Naco.
A Villa f?rce will be detached to
hold General Hill's force ?t Agua
Prieta, but lt is understood not to at
General Villa ar.nounccd tonight ho.
would welcomo the return, tn Mexico
of all former regular army officers,
many ot whom were reported in a des
titute state In the United States and
other countries. He also issued a
statement claiming a decisive victory
against Carranza troops near Saltillo.
Prisoners Are Not
Being III Treated
(By A?*rtria<?l Pro? )
WASHINGTON./ Jan. 9.-Chandler
Anderson, former/ counsellor of the
state department, who recently visited
Eran ';, Germany. Austria and Great
Britain for the department and in
spected detention camps for . intern
ed nationals of hostile nations, report
ed to President Wilson today that
chargea that these prisoners were be
fog Ul treated were unfounded. So
far ss his observations went, he said,
they were being given, the same treat
ment as the soldiers who guard thc
Will Make Up Fleet
(Br AjBQcteled Prwas.)
WASHINGTON. Jan. ?.-Fifty-seven
naval vessels will make up the fleet
si?ilch will go to San Francisco by way
of the Panama Canal next March,
Secretary Daniels announced todav.
There will be 21 battleships, beaded
hy the dreadnought Wyoming, Admir
al Fletcher's flagship; 13 torpedo
boat destroyers, and 1$ auxiliaries.
Including colliers snd supply vessels.
At Chrlstobal the fleet will be joined
by ?ho famous old Oregon end Dowers
flagship of Manila, the Olympia. The
Oregon la being fitted on tho Pacific
coast for the cruise and the Olympia
at Charleston. 8. C.
, ? i IB i i ? '
fanadlaaft Add Sarprise.
NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 0-Canadians
here to attend Um celebration of tbe
centenary of peace . between Oreat
Britain and the United States added an
unexpected feature to th? second days
zerssnonle* today by placing a wreath
an a statue of Gene rt. t Andrew J ack
son. Hon. J. R. Boyle, minister of eda
?ration of Alberta, officiated.
Engagement Takes Pla
Norte With British Cn
Was One of the Vet
(Hy Anociatml l'icae.)
BUKNOS VIRUS, Jun. P.-La Tren,
sa publishes the report that aa en
gagement hat? taken piare off Kio
tiru mle de Nerte? Brasil? ?etween the
British battle cruiser Invincible uitM
the Gertitau cruiser voa Der Tann,
adding that the Vue Der Tann ka*?
The German hattie cruiser Von Der
Ten? wan, reported several weeks ago
te have ero tute di he Atlantic. to join
the ether German warships la the
South Atlantic or Pacifie. Uer ar
rlenl tn .thone waters never has bee?
WHEAT TO DECLINE
Number 2 Red Cash Sold Down to
$1.36; fVfey Options Goes to
(By Auoriatcd Prc.*?.)
CHICAGO. Jan. 9.-Reports that
congress might be asked to declare
an embargo on foodstuff, and vague
rumors that Italy might noon enter
the war against Turkey and force
an outlet for Russian wheat through
the Dardanelles resulted In a break
1 of almost ? cents In wheat . prices
here today. Nipuber t red cash sold
! dow? to tints' ? bushel and on clfnuge
[tho May optron declined to Si.rtR.
President Conby, o? (bc Hoard' or
Trade, discussing today tho recent
.-\iclden rise, said:
"Those -rv 1K> nye qualified to express
an opinion of wheat value* know tbe.t
t? u?t v?? Ctii?o ?s* r?a?*!* Tut"
the present range of prices. Thai
cause Is based on the fact that Nor
way. Sweden. Denmark. Holland,
.France, England and Italy have been
In competition as buyers In the Unit
ed Stales markets during the last few
months. Closing of thu Dardanelles
?ind (diminution of exports from Rus*
sis has concentrated the world's de
mand on the United States. Manipu
lations have bail nothing to do with
creating this situation, in my Judg
(Ry A? ousted Pro??.)
WASHINGTON. Jan. 9.-The status
of the former Hamburg-Amer lean
?teamer Dacia, loading at Port Arthur.
Texas, with cotton for Bremen. Ger
many. ls receiving official attention
here, it waa learned today, because af
sn Intimation from the I ir it lah govern
ment that this ship might bo regarded
as subject to seizure. Tho questions
involved are or great importance not
only to Americans seeking to pur
chase Interned German merchant
ships, but also to southern cvttton In
terests, now exerting every effort to
find means of placing the staple la
Will Pass Through C. S.
NACO, Aria., Jan. 0.-'I ?io Ameri
can State department has granted pur
mission to General Benjamin Hill.'
Carranza com?nder In Gorrera, to paas
through the United ?tates oa his way
to Vera Crus. Hill will depart to
Glut-row under orders to report to
Oencral Carrants on the killing and
wounding nf persons on the,American
side of the imo during the siege ot
Plan to Brmq
(Hy Amx-jalsd Pms.)
WASHINGTON, Jan. ?.-A national
employment bureau reaching into
every section of .the United States will
ho pat into operation by the labor do-,
p?riment next week, lt will be operat
ed ?long the tines of Pres td ott Wil
son's suggestion In his Indianapolis
?peech for *? systematic method of
h?ifMHS ibo working men ot America.'*
t'elimtnary work for the bureau has
beep completed, lt was announced to
day by Commissioner Cam!??tt&?dPtia
Immigration bureau, ead Instructions
sent to postmasters sad rural mall
carriers throughout the country sad to
nearly 200,000 field ageata of the ag?
The general pian wu? outlined by
Mr. Cemluettl as folio*?:
Notices will be posted In al) past
offices announcing that application?
ce Off Rio Grande de
titer Invincible Which
welt That Sank the
on Off Falkland
Th* Von Her Tu?? IK ?J tiW UH
displacement, ??S feet la length, J, fi
speed of t'jt knelt. Hbe carries a
< amplement et ti? ntea ba aa arab,
ment ef right H inch |CM,'lii#,
Inch imam ?ixteea ?i-pcasder? and
teer torpedo Iahet?.
The British battle cruiser Idviacl.
Me h ef 17,350 toa? ahpUeeawpt aitb
a complement ef WMf?Mb?Irna
steat Includes eight AS.Incb fa?*
sixteen t-inch mn? ?ed fear ler??4?
Th? Invincible wa? ene sf the ByHv
Ixb squadron which Aaak Ike Geratf a
sgeadrea off He FaU?Sad IstaSgs. ?
.--.-^-" ^.T^T ^tJ-i-^A'^i. j~CS^;'
SWUNG TOO FAR
The People Ara Rbfftt&tZtt* Tpo
M?h Sa,. Fc<^'r>aa^
? ' ? ? ? . . *
(By AwocUtw? frml * l '.
BOSTON, Jan. "The peopl* dre
regulating too much; the*,
baa swung too far tbe .otl
said former r^e*idea?^nj|T m
of railroad matters at the alumbl dln
uer.uf tho. Massaehuseti
of Technology tonight.
Mr. Taft followed Howard ;T
president of tbs New
and< Hartford retire
the opinion Gmt ?he
of the government wa?
"At nrat," said Mr. Tat!,
roads thought tht-y ??fe lue" Wawi
thing. They violated law,, did.
things they should not do, dried V?
iMOS?fl ki ihiiv ? ia ute ?tta?raxs? ???*_'
mereu commission during the ?early
part of Ita Ufo. But they found, ss
everybody else Will find, that nobody
caa dofy the people en questions of
. I agree wltb President
the pendulum has swung too
the people are regulating
and consequently the penni* i
lng themselves. We i
dena if we would wt
MEXICO CITY. Jan. fci-The nation
al convention called to natue a provis
ional president an !
program, failed to meet today. Ses
sions bavo been iHiiiniikjrtai ww stalls
ly. Southern delegate?,
today. Thoue present represented only
the ?Capeta forces.
I .os ANGELES. Jad. Loaver of
bread selling at Ave and ten cents
have been reduced three ounce? in
weight, and utsster bakers today ah
nounced that If flour -pri?es weat
higher they would be compelled to in
crease prices instead ot farther car.
o oo ooo co o o do'dvoo o ooo
o TURKS TO TBK FBOST o
o LONDON. Jan. 10.-(4:00 a. o
o m.-"The-eighth Turkish ?rmy o
o corps has loft Damsons fer the o
o Egyptian frontier, well armed, o
o provisioned and provided with s> o
o OOO camels for crossing Ute des- o
o ort." csys an Arasas dispatch ts o
c the Exchange Telegraph- Cesa- o
o pany. The message cantinas?; o
o -It ?s reported from Beirut o
rf (Syria) that ell Frs?cSi pad Greek o
o subjects have been taken to na- o
n mascus In chalas boeSkse of sn o
o effort to eacape.'* . 0
n oo ooo oo ooo ooo o o ooo
for work or workers wiU be received
by tho pos*master, who will be sup
plled with forms to be SUs?> ott*a#,
fo-warded to tho tabor . dsnstBtosst
agent in charge of tho sons ls which
thc office ls located. Tao ?mtrifenUoa
brunch of the Immigration servies .will
handle that part of the .work apd to lt
also will go reporta of tbs agrlcults
r?i ricpa ri ?nenia mn Us SeditOSS *b*f*
InsoySfs sr?t- heeded. Applicants witi
then be informed ef Ute nearest potst
whore they cen obtain Work of the
kind they seek.
Commissioner Camino?! said the
plan bsd been tried .ont in a small
way sod the resalta had hean most
s*thj factory. After the dre at Salem.
Masai, last Jane, when nearly "???*.'
factory operatives wert thrown out of
employai st. the labor djSjMqMftah^
oeeded la duding wort for matty st