Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
E L ?.EASE WAI
GOVERNORSHIP OF SO
RESIGNATION WRITTEN IN RED JINK BY
OWN HAND CAME AS SHOCK TO THE
PEOPLE OF ENTIRE STATE
DRAMATIC FINALE OF CAREER
IS WITHOUT AN EXPLANATION
Lieutenant Governor Charles A. Smith Steps
Promptly to the Helm and Good Old
Ship of State Sails Serenly on--Has
Five Days in Office. ;?
(By Associated Press.) >
COLUMBIA. S. C., Jan. 14.-Cole L. Blease today retired as South Caro
lina's governor. Ave days before his second tenn of two years would have
ended. Hie resignation, sent to Secretary of State McCown, was suppl
mented by a brief message to the general assembly informing the members
that it also was tendered to them.
Some members of the house of representatives and senate cheered the
announcement of the governor's resignation. No formal action was nec
essary apd by direction of the presiding officers in the two houses the raes
page was received only as information.
Lieutenant Governor'Charles A. Smith was immediately sworn in as tho
state's chief executive to serve out the unexpired term, Chief Justice Gary,
of ike State supreme court, administering the oath of office. Mr. Blease and
several State officials then accompanied Mr. Smith to the governor's office.
LeGrnnd G. Walker, president of the senate, automatically succeeded to the
No provioua intimation ot the governor's action had been given and no
reason for it was assigned. The present legislature is chiefly composed ot
men who are his political opponents and lt was said that proposals to^in-^
at&uT^Impehchment .proceed!*** ?raina? hlrWer? roadr- gt ?''twsgjSg^M
legislators Tuesday night, but that no action was taken.
. Written by Hand and In Red lng.
"I hereby resign my office as governor of South Carolina," was the full
communication of Governor Blease to the secretary of state. It was'writ
ten by hand and tn red ivV. Both the governor and his friends refused to
add anything to the brief statement. The message to the general assembly
was equally terse.
Covernor-slect Richard I. Manning will be inaugurated hext Tuesday.
'Ho has been a political opponent of Mr. Blease and defeated Lieutenant
Governor Smith, endorsed by Governor Blesse, for the Democratic nomina
tion for United States senator by Ellison D. Smith, the incumbent.
He Has Had a Remarkable Career.
Governor Blease. some times called "the Stormy Petrel of Sovth Caro
lina," was accounted one ot the most picturesque figures In American pub
lic life. Griminal in conception and daring in elocution, his administration
has been marked by many unusual actions. Numerous granta of clemency
to State prisoners, public statements which were construed to mean that he
was opposed to Using State troops to prevent the lynching of negroes when
they attacked white women, and the recent ? disbanding of the South Caro
lina national guard helped make his official career notable.
His Woaderful Pardon Record.
. "I love the pardoning power," he once said. "I want to give the poor
devils'another chance!1. I hope to make the number an even thousand before
I go out of office."
Records show that the governor' surpassed even his own expectations.
Just before retiring today he issued 27 clemency grants. Four men sentenced
to lifCM imprisonment for murder were paroled and four others received com
mntatlnns. Most of the remaining number were given commutations. To
day's- action made ? total of 1,708 prisoners granted clemency during the
governor's four years administration. .
, Full pardons .recently were granted approximately 1,000 prisoners who
previously had been paroled, this action restoring their citizenship. Super
intendent p. J, Griffith, of the State penitentiary, said tonight that less than
one hundred prisoners are now held here.
Governor Blease Is the first South Carolina chief executive who has re
signed to enter private life. Other governors have resigned, hut only for
tho purpose of Accepting some other office. Mr. Blease has made no an
nouncement as to his future plans.
_ " Ills Spectacular Political Career.
Governor Bl ease's political career has been* marked by'numerous specta
cular Incidents and controversies. While practicing law In Newberry. 8*
e., he became active in politic i and in 1290 was elected to the State house of
representatives. Me also served In the State senate1 and waa president: pro
um ot that body In lOOT-m ?
jAfter a -heated Campaign ia 1910, in which defeated the prohibition of
element's candidate in tho .Democratic primaries, he waa Inaugurated aa
governor in January, 1911. His Inaugural address waa considered a unique
State, document tn that lt contained scathing denunciation of some of the
new governor's enemies. Shortly after he assumed office he began ex
tending' clemency to convicts Jn the State penitentiary, declaring that a
priyi^g^^pcled institution at the .prison waa a "tuberculosis breeder."
One statement attributed to he governor at that "he would free at least
one prisoner for each day he served aa governor."
Governor Blease*? Second Term. 1
Blease was renominated' tn isis in th* Demscr-tie priantes, ?efroins
Ira B. Jones, who resigned ac chief justice ot the State supreme court, te
oppose him. lils second term was marked by his dismissal of virtually all
the notaries public from office; bis dismissal of a number of magistrates who
bad Incurred hhs disfavor, sad his participation ta a number of public con
troversies with members of the State supreme court sad other State
rials. He also became involved in a dispute with the federal war depar
ment over State militia eK&lra and several days ago he ts*oed an order dis
banding the entire militia.
DurLtg his admtatatraMon Governor Blearo and the State - legislature
(Continued on page eight.)' ,
SMITH'S SEAT TO
WILL REMAIN OPEN UN
TIL BETHEA TAKES HOLD
IS CONGRATULATED I
Felicitated by Friends in AU Perts
of the State-No Spectacu
Rpeoinl to Tho Intriligeocer.
COLUMBIA. Jan. 14.-The position]
of lieutenant governor of South Car
olina will remain vacant until An
drew J. Bethea 1B Inaugurated on next
Tuesday at noon.
Senator Legrand Walker ia the
president pro tem of the senate and as
such will wield the gaUel in the upper
body until Mr. Bethea is Inducted into
office. Senator Walker will remain as
senator from Georgetown County and
hold the position of president pro
tem and will not qualify as lieutenant
governor. He stated this tonight after
adjournment of the senate. If he
were to qualify as lieutenant governor
it would vacate his seat in the sen
ate. No one caq make h'm quail
and no one wanta to see him M?#ei
*eaWo44a.ia too yabjahle_a,
?-fri ever;' ???e realign that he wculc1
adora the office of lieutenant gover
Governor Smith was In his office!
this afternoon. Telegrams of con- j
gratulatleus reached him from several
parts of the State. Editor Booker of j
the Spartanburg Journal wired con
gratulations and many others came to
him. His office was thronged with
people coming In to congrat?late htm,]
and the State.
The house thought there ought to]
be some more formal inaugural ex
ercises for the new governor and ac
cordingly adopted a concurrent reso
lution for the two houses to meet in
Joint assembly at noon tomorrow for I
more formal inaugural exercise's for
Governor Smith. The resolution
came o<er on the senate side tonight
but on objection from Senator Hink
ler went over for consideration to
The rapidity with which changes in
the governors took place today was
still tba talk of Columbia late tonight.
The matter was the general topic of
conversation in the capitol. In hotel
lobbies and on the streets and every
one had his reason for the occurrence.
Governor Sojith late thia afternoon
indicated that his Ave days In office
would not see any spectacular moves.
There ia general satisfaction that hs j
is governor and lt is the general con
census of opinion that he will MI the
Office with credit to himself and honor
to bis State. He sent a message to
the senate tonight notifying- them
that be had -taken the oath of office as
South Carolina: Fair Friday and]
WILL STAY AWAY
Governor Hooper of Tennessee
WHl Doline to Sae Soc cats or
CBv AMorUttd Fl??)
NASHVILLE,' TENN., Jan. 14.
Thomas C. Rye, of Paris, Tenn., will
be inaugurated governor of Tennessee
tomorrow at noon. The ceremony will
take place in the Ryman auditorium
and ?* large crowd is expected to wit
ness the return of a Democrat to|
In a statement issued today Gover
nor Hooper announced that he would
not attend hts successor's inaugura
"Only the most cogent reasons In?
volv?as; important considerations of a
public character could constrain mo
to decline,'* he says.
Governor Hooper charges the leg
islature ot 1811 with delaying bia in
auguration amt the present Demo
cratic legislature with setting the sea!
of its approval upon that action by
fixing tho inauguration 10 dare^jMg*
v^ro ?he expiration Of his constitu
tional tarni of office.
CHECK Oj AISNE
FRENCH FORCED TO YIELD
IN FRONT OF UREGUV
AFTER 2 DAYS FIGHT
? -i -
KAISER PRESENT ,
Petrograd Claims Progress on
Right Bank of the Lower
?ni ii i '
(By Associated Prut.)
A reverse of the Allies along the
Aisne in the neighborhood of Sois
sons is admitted in the latest French
official statement, although the possi
ble effect of the ilene .in advance is
After continuous engagements!
which lasted nearly two days, the
Germans forced the French to yield
in front of Vregny, east of Crouy. The
French war office cxplnins that the
flooding ot the River Alane destroyed
several of the bridges and thus ren
dered precarious the communications
o fthe troops operating on the right
bank. These troops were withdrawn,
as it was thought impossible to send
reinforcements to their support.
"The success ta, a partial one for
our adversarles," saya the French
statement, "but will have no influ
ence on the operations as a whole."
Emperor William himself was
present at these operations which' re
sulted In capture of several thousand
French prisoners and wero continued
throughout January 12 and 13.
Petrograd claims progress on the
right bank of tho lewer Vistula, where
the German cavalry was repulsed. On
the other front the fighting is made
up largely of skirtnliihes and artillery
r.'fhe .general' ??Jr of the Uneaten
Caucasus army devotes a statement
to operations in Azerbaijan, where ?it
ls explained, it became expedient to
regroup the Russian forces, necessi
tating evacuation of certain places
previously occcupied. Nb important
action took place.
British aviators early In the week
dropped bombs on tho German posi
tion in Antwerp, according to a Neth
erlands newspaper dispatch. The
damage has not been ascertained.
Eighteen' Russian generals havr
been discharged from important posi
tions, according ? to the Homburg
Geneva reports that members of
the Austrian nobility and aristocracy
and Viennese financiers are deposit
ing large sums of money in Switzer
land and also giving orders for pur
chase of quantities of ammunition
Secretary Bryan has acknowledged
In a friendly aplrit receipt of the pre
liminary British reply to the Ameri
can protest against treatment accord
ed, neutral commerce by British war- j
ahips. No comment, la made by the]
secretary in view of the fact that lt 1s
Great Britain's Intention to reply let
er in detail.
FELT IN AMERICA
Swarthmore College Seismograph j
at Philadelphia Recorded
03r AwpcUted Fr*??.)
PHILADELPHIA. Jsn. 14.-Vibra
tions from the earthquake in Italy
were recorded by the Swarthmore
College seismograph. Dr. J. A. Mil
ler, professor of astronomy, who de
veloped the Bim of the instrument to
day, said there was a series of shocks,
the first recorded st 8:44 Tuesday
night, or 2:35 a. m Wednesday, Rome
time. The most Revere shock occur
red at 11-21 o'clock Tuesday night, or
at 6:12 o'clock Wednesday morning in
OO o o o o o o o o o o o o o ooo
o ALABAMA MAT o
o IWS ?f>K?* fOLirMX- o
o (By Associated Press.) o
o MONTGOMERY, Ala. Jan. 14. o
o -A bill to make Alabama a pro- o
O htbltton State after Jua e30. 1915, o
? wo? n*a?ui today by'tot h liosae? u
jo of the legislature and, after Anal o
t o ratification by both houses tomor- o
?o row, will go to Governor O'Neal o
o for hi? consideration. Should he o
o take adverse action on the meas- o
o ure, It .v? asserted, sn attempt o
o witl be made to <paas lt over his o
o teto. Prohibition leaders claim
o'ed that the vote today-74 to 87 o
O in the house and 241 to 0 tn'ytte^p
o senste-indicated that this could o
o ho accomplished. ?
O O O OOO OO DOO O ooo O OO
VICTIMS MAY GO
ESTIMATED DEAD FROM
25,000 TO 50,000
WORK OF RESCUE
Dozens of Towns Have Been
Literally Levelled to the
(By Astodatod Prc?.)
ROME, Jan. 14.-The toll of dead
and injured In the great earthquake
that swept over central and southern
Italy has not been made up, but ad
vices reaching Rome Indicate tho
ever-growing extent of the disaster.
Towns with thousands nf inhabi
tants have been overthrovn and from
some or these come details which
show an immense loss of life. Esti
mates ran tonight from 26,000 to 60,
000 dead and injured, and yet there
are several sections which undoubt
edly felt the earthquake in full mea
sure, from which no estimate? can be
In the ancient territory of Mars!,
which includes Aveszano, the victims,
are placed at 26,00. Only a small min
ority ls lett of the inhabitants of
Avezzano, who numbered approxi
Fifteen other towna and villages In
that section have been laid waste.
King Victor Emmanuel ls at Avezza
no and 30,000 soldiers have been des
patched to various centers where the
force of the disturbance was greatest.
Italy as a nation has arisen to give
succor, as she did at the time of the
Messina earthquake six years ago. to
lias sufZersu. *"-*..'?, Ssl
While the greater part of the dam
age was done by the first earthquake
which occurred Wednesday morning
at 7:66 there has been at least one se
vere shock since then which resulted
in the collspse of . many structures
which escaped the first and it l? esti
mated .that more than one hundred
shocks, for the most part of a minor
nsture, occurred during the 24 hours
after the disaster.
ROME. Jan. 14.-Demolished or
partly demolished towns dot Italy
from Naples northward to Ferrara
and crosswise the peninsula from
the Tyrrhenian to the Adriatic Seas,
over which Wednesday's earthquake
. Thousands -of dead lie beneath the
debris of dwellings,, churches and pub
lic Institutions which crumbled un
der the earth's vibrations.
Not even an estimate of the aggre
gate fatalities is obtainable as num
erous places are still Isolated owing
to the severance of telegraphic, tele*
phonic and railroad communication.
It ls known, however, that Avezzano
ls a necropolis and that also In Sora?
some 25 miles to the southeast, a
Isrge number of lives were lost.
In Avezzano and vicinity lt ls esti
mated that 15,000 perished and that
the dead In Sora will total l.oOO.
So far as known about 20 towns
bave been completely levelled while
an almost equal number suffered ser
ious damage. In all these places per
sons were killed or injured.
Volunteers worked heroclsily night
and day endeavoring'' to extricate
wounded or rese?e the bodies ot the
dead from the rums. King Victor
Emanuel himself directed the work at
Aveszano, where the piteous appeals
of persons caught beneath wreckage
could be plainly heard.
It is estimated that in Avezzano 4,
000 persons are buried alive, some of
them school children in sn institution
Only four soldiers of the gsrrison
of 400 In AvezzsnO escaped when the
. SOTS with 1U population of 20.000
wss almost entirely destroyed. All
municipal government authorities
perished. Fruir hundred and fifty bod
ies already have beep taken from tbe
ruins there and a large number are
Trains from the east are bringing
hundreds, of injured Into Rome, wuere
they are being taken to hospitals and
private houses for treatment. Bur?
geons and nurses are being dispatched
from all directions- into the stricken
districts to minister to the needs ot
the injured, while troops are being
sent to the ramed or damaged towns
to sserd against Tandaie.
Among the towns which are said
to have been virtually destroyed are
Avezzano. Sora. Capelle, Magllano.
Marse, M ss sod a I be, Collarmels, Oer
ehiro, Lelll, Petorno, San Felino, Qlo
samarsl,. Scurcola, Capistrano, Antro
sano and Castronovme. while Pesclna.
Orthonamari, Samtellmo, San Bene
detto, Ortuochio, Coculio, Bise ^n a,
Balsorano, Can ls tro, Civltelladantlno.
Cestetlafiumi, Pagltetra sod Sorbo
ara badly damaged.
From many other plat"..? come re
porte cf slighter damage end minor
MANY MATTERS OF INTER
EST BEFORE THE STATES
JUDGE M. L. SMITH
Former Speaker of House and
Candida;? for Governor Elect
nd Judge of Fifth Circuit.
Bpooiai to Th? Intelligencer.
COLUMBIA, Jan. 14.-In a half hour
sesi?n tonight several Important new
bills were Introduced in the Senate.
One by Senator Sinkler provides for
the use of the Australian ballot In all
primary elections in the city of Char
The Charleston senator also put in
the' Swearlngen bill providing for lo
cal option compulsory education. Sen
ator Carlisle introduced the Evans
bili providing for straight atate-wide
compulsory . education and Senator
Lee introduced a bill providing for
compulsory attendance on the public
schools of sll children between the
sges of six and thirteen years. This
trio of educational bills went to the
committee on education.
ProhlbRJoB Bill Introduced.
The bill for a referendum on State
wide prohibition September 14th was
introduced by 'Jenaror Carlisle and
Representative Alan Johnstone, Jr.,
and referral to the committee on po
Hee regn'atlons: Senator Hugh? tn
?r>d?e^ .. Mil arevjdinjtr Tor ? f;=?
tao cent passenger r?te on all rail
roads with short lines exempted. He
also put in a bill to separate races in
textile manufacturing plants.
A Joint resolution to extend the time
for the payment of the State and
county taxes to March 16th without
penalty was Introduced by Senator
Senator Venter introduced a bill to
repeat the cotton acreage reduction
act and also one providing for mov
ing pictures in public schools.
The senate tonight reversed its
former action and decided to accept
the invitation to visit Winthrop Col
lege on January 20.
The house yesterday voted to go to
On nomination of Senator Carlisle,
Senator Sherard of Anderson waa ad
ded to the committee on commerce
and manufacturers. j
Senate Manes Committee.
A concurrent resolution Introduced
by Senator Laney, providing for the
appointment of a committee ot three
members from each House to walt on
Governor-elect Manning and Lieuten
ant Governor-elect Beth ea and ar
range for their inauguration on Tues
day, waa unanimously adopted- Presi
dent pro tem. Walker named Senators
Laney of Chesterfield, R. D. Epps of
Sumter .and Sinkler of Charleston as
the committee on the part of the Sen
Mendel 8 mi th Elected Judge.
Mendel L. Smith of Camden was
unanimously elected Judge of the fifth
Judicial cl rouit here this afternoon by
the Senate and House in Joint assem
bly. Mr. Smith was elsced in a nomin
ation by Representative Mills, of Ker
shaw county and seconds came from
all parts ot the hall. Judge Smith was
farmerly speaker of the House and
msde the race for, governor last sum
Flection Next Thursday.
The House set Thursday of next
week for the Joint assembly to elect
penitentiary directors, code commis
sioner, and college trustees.
The Joint assembly canvassed the
returns for governor end lieutenant
governor at 1 o'clock. Hon. Richard I.
Manning was declared the nominee
for governor and Hon. A. J. Bethen
tor lieutenant governor.
They will bo inaugurated on Tues
day st noon in the presence ot the two
houses In Joint session.
OFF FOR GERMANY
Clyde Freighter Navahoe Sails
From Narlo& with 4,000
(By AtflOilaUd fsa)
NORFOLK. Va, Jon. H.-The Clyde
line steamer Navahoe sailed today for
Bremen, Germany, with a cargo ot cot
ton. She has 4,000 bales on board and
was .loaded under the supervision ot
inspectora from the British consul's
office hore. Her batches were;4|jp*f
tened and stamped .erith the Brilla-?
government seal, .
W PLAN OF
SHOULD BONDS BE VOTED
FOR STREET PAVING A
COMMISSION IS TO
?SPECIAL BODY TO
HAVC 7 MEMBERS
Corseting of EL R. Horton. Dr.
B. A. Hoary, B. 0. Evans,
Pani E. SteVen?, J. H. God
frey, Waller Pobbttta asad.
Charlee Sp s aman jj.
16 PAVING COKWISSION. 0
J. H. Godfrey, cha im?n f E. B. .
e Berrea, Br. B. A. Henry, B. tva
e Brans, Pani ?. Mertons, Walaw a
e Boobies, Charles Spearsssa. a
Should the cltisens ot Anderson
?vote a bond Issns for street paving,
the fonds will- be bandied by a Special
j commission of four freeholders at
large, two aldermen and the mayor,
the personnel ot which will consist ot
Mayor J. H. Godfrey, who will, hs
I chairman; E. R. Horton. B. A. Henry,
M. D" B. O. Evans, Paul E. Stevena,
Walter Dobbins and Charles Spear
Tho Only Way.
The d?cision to appoint a paving
[commission to have charge of. the
handling ot the proposed, bond issue
I was made at a special masting ?lotty
icouncij held lust night in the mayor's
office The election of members ot the
[commission w,r carried-ant?gt,
[same time, m addition, th
r_$r -ag igl^ftif?tBg-"?'itt. fw.'?.-j.rj
the Anderson County delegation tn the ?
?general assembly the proposed bill
? providing for the calling of an else*
[tlon in Anderson on the question ot
issuing bonds for street pavement
Commission to Organise,
Within the next few days tho par
ing commission will meet for the pur
pose ot organising and mapping oat
plans for circulating petitions railing
upon city council to order the bond
election. Members of council ' fester
dey consulted several prominent bis
Iness men' of the etty with reference
to their willingness ti? serve On the
paying commission, and, (rosa the
large number who stated, they would
serve connell last night chose . the
four) whose names have hean mantisa
The Special HtoUag. '
Upon the convening ot tbs special
session ot council last night St tia
explained that the object of the mess
ing was to determine how eountO
should handle the matter of disburs
ing the paring funds, hy having cons
eil uk? charge of the matter or hy
appointing a special commission ot
citizens st large to cooperate with a
smaller committee from etty council
to handle the matter.
Aldermen Barton came forward
with a suggestion that council appel?t
six citizens ot the city, one trow each
ward, who would cooperate with
council la handling the paving mat
ter. Objection was raised to Alder
man Barton's suggestion on tte
grounds that the commission would
Ibo so large that lt would prove un?
Aldermen DobelBs* Hatton.
Alderman Walter Dobbins esme
forward with a resolution providing
for the appointment of a paving coat
! mission of five persons, three to bs
elected by city council at large and ,
the other two to be ah eldonna* and
Objection, was raised tc the division
of the commission, Alderman. Spear
man proposing three members of
council and th re? eltlsetts at largs*
In the discussion ot tata trew?
amendment members of connell stat
ed that unless council took the paving
metter ont of their bands and placed
it la the heads of a commission a
bond Issue for paving would sever
carry. They stated that it waa not
that the citizens ot Anderson did ant
have the confidence tn the tat-grtty ot
members ot council, hat they desired
to see the matter taken out ot goa
For the next several minutes taara
I waa a free-for-all dt&enatJn* ?*? g?
proposed amendment nag loir a tinta
lt seemed members ot aSaaoU were
hopelessly divided on the point. Fi
nally, lt was suggested that th? repre
sentation ot cltf>sns at targa be in
creased from three to toar, and that
the representation tn connell be m"
creased from two in three, making a
commission of seven members Instead
Of five. The suggestion serged es a
compromise, and Aldermen Spearmen
offered the suggestion es an sated
meat to the resolution proposed bf
Alderman Dobbins. The eJitsndm+ot
I,.?... .Hllll In ii i II 'I
CONTINUED OW FAGS ?tV*S >