Newspaper Page Text
A COMPARISON OF COST
SHOWING DIFFERENCE IN C08T
HERE AND AB <OAD.
Cost of Building Ships Irt Thia Coun
try Double That in England
Some Figurss are Given.
St. laoola, Jan. 22.-To show that
one of the alinont insuperable ob
stacles to the restoration of the
American Merchant marine ia the
?-xtreme difference in building and op
erating cost between foreign and
American vessels, Welding Ring of
New York presented Some interesting
heures at today's session of tho
National Foreign Trade convention.
He said these figures were furnished I
by one ot the largeat American ship
One steamer built In England I
(1912) deadweight capacity 9,650]
tons, cost 1331,721.11.
"One steamer built in England I
(1912) deadweight capacity. 9,6601
tons, cost 1332,437.75.
"One steamer built In Philadelphia j
(1913) deadweight capacity 9.2501
tons, coat 1680,371\39. '
"One steamer built in Philadelphia j
( 1913) readwelght capacity 9,250 tons
"These steamers are of practical
ly similar character," asid Mr. Ring,
"intended for the same trade and'"it
will be noted that the dreadwelght
capacity of the English steamers ls
400 tors greater than that of tht
American, while the cost of the
American la more than "doable that
of the English! These may possibly
bo extreme- differences in cost, but
they are ' actual, ' and other owners
have experienced the same conditions.
These same.owners'recently transfer-1
red one Of their British steamers to ]
the United StarteB flag, .with the fol
"Wages' under the United States)
flag increased ?402.50 per month.
Additional coat for extra inspection ?
$50 per month.
Additional cost for food and sup-j
plies 550 ^er month. .
To the speaker there appeared,but
one practical remedy. "Change odr
navigation laws/*- he said,- "and permit
ua to buy where we buy cheapest and
operate in "competition with " other
Mr. (Ring opposed the bill now be
fore congress to authorise' the pur
chase of.foreign steamers and the
placing of such vessels under-the
American flag on the ground that if
the government entered the shipping
trade in competition with' private
capital, it would hove to. invest very
j many minions, the result would be
unfair competition with those now In
tho shipping trade and such govern
ment participation would prevent in
vestment of, private capital in auch
trade as no,individual'could compete
successfully with the government.
?'1 v .:.
TRIBULATIONS OF A POSTMASTER j
People Seem to Think Hs ls Broker
In Farm Produce
Atlanta, Ga.. Jan 22.-The truth of
?the old proverb that false news travels I
fast was never more plainly shown
than in tim 'present tribulation? of
Postmaster Bc?Hiny Jones of Athvata,
who has suddenly kound himself,
against his wilt taken fqr a general
broto^ totorm produce. '
In some wey the story went round
that Postmaster Jones waa so anxious
to drum np business for Uncle Sam's
postofflce department that he would
find a ready market for anything In
the way of farm produce that could
come ^by parcel post, from, a queen
bee to a kettle of soft soap. And ever
?Ince he has been besieged by offers
One man wrote that he was ready |
to supply fifty pounds of butter a day,
another fast he wag snipping ten
dosen fre^ eggs oa consignment and
another that ho was preparing to for
ward ten gallons of milk dally as soon
as ho could find a can that would
stand the waar and tear of the malls.
Now the postmaster has posted a
sign to say he tant In tho produce
NOW IS TIME TO ENLIST
Irish Car per al Picked ap Two Dia
monds en Sentry Peat.
London, Jio. 23. How an Irish
corporal picked up two diamonds
from the drifting sands of bte sentry
post tn German Southwest Africa ls
told In a letter which hat just
reached his family here.
"My present post ta in a desert
of Band dunes," he writes. "A mirage
shimmers continually on the horixon.
The sand, blown by the wt nd, filia
the eyes and throat and bites into
"It is our duty to keep the rail
road open. That moana very little
soldiering, but a groat d*al of shov
eling; alt day long the native shov
elers push aside th?? drifting sand,
which would corar hlne-tti? rails ff
left to tts own devices. "
"Today, while I stood Idly watching
a group of complaining shovelers, my
, eye caught an unusual flash, sad I
stooped and picked up o> diamond, thw
site of a bean. I SOarcniU & little
langer and found another, a bi?, amoll
ar. There were no more."
. , i--J
BHHHflssk, Nowa tram Aaren d.
The Belgian capital aaa been offi
cially renamed "Brue* sel' hy tjhe Ger
mans. They have also imposed Ger
tn?? time on the city.
If 'Mfi land of Bhgland ead Wales
.were equally divided among the resi
dents there would be a little more
thea one acre for each person.
: Greenock (SeoUond corporations
. nave decided to proceed with the erec
tion of workmen's dwellings at a esp
ita! expenditure of ebottt tKO.OOO.
Paris, Jan. 22. - Th* Berne cor
yesBoadant >* the Temps says thst
8wis? agents In Italy have obtained
Italy's premise no tonger to hold up
ropper and cereals destined for
'Swiisarlaad ot Geno*. It was Kag?
?stttt^^?rsnaslon that v?Tov*r TtfW
The congestion of watte and
refuse from the stomach, ferment
ing in tlic boy/eta, generates poison
ous gases that occasion dint ross
and in vit serious illness. Health
and comfort demand that this con
gesti?n be speedily relieved and the
foul mass expelled.
The well founded objection
rmi people to fae violence of <t
tbartlc un! rurputive agents ts
evercome by ealng the cambins
tion of simple la>ntive herbs with
pepsin that ls sold in drug stores
under the name of Dr. Caldwell's
Syrup Pepsin. A dose at night
brings relief next morning, without
discomfort or inconvenience. A
free trial bottle cun be obtained hy
writing to Dr. W. B. Caldwell, 452
Washington St., Monticei;o. Ills.
MRS. JOHN WOOD'S "DIXIE"
Was She the Introaucer of This Song
New Voik Sun.
Mrs. John Wood, the English ac
tress who died on Tuesday, ia iden
tified with United StateB history in
an interesting way. She introduced
the song of "Dixie" on the stage of
this cowntry, according to Govern
ment records. It was interpolated in
John Brougham's popular burlesque
"Pocahontas," in -which she was play
ing In New Orleans in 18C0. The
authorship of thc song has been at
tributed to Dan Emmet, the mint
strel, but there has been so much
controversy ovfer 1t that' every fact
connected with it possesses interest.
In the book of "Our Familiar Songs
and T?iOde Who Made'Them/' a very
admirable collection published ? by
Henry Holt and Company in 1881.
prepared by Helen Kendrick Dangs, lt
The original song of "Dixie" was
Ute .composition of pan p. Emmet of
Bryant's Minstrels and was first sung
In New York tn 1860. The first words
used for the song in Ute south were
from a poem entitled "The Star of
the West," published in the Charles
ton Mercury early in 1861.
Mark well the dates. Now in ;i'col
lection of old sheet music bound into
books as gathered and kept in our
family from 1852 to 1875 I find an
original copy af "Dixie" with this
1 Wiab I Was In Dixie
J. C. Viereck.
Sur* by Mrs. John Wood,
ew Orleans, Published by P. P.
Wi-rle i ll
51 Csmp Street
Entered according to Act of Congress
in the year 1860
by P. P.Werleln, in the Clerk's Olli: I
of the Dist: Court
of the. East: Dist: of La.
The words lp this edition. which
ts earlier than any other that has
been, produced aa,far aa I know, ato
the well known versos beginning: "I
wish I wan in the land of cotton,"
&c. The old song speaks tor Itself
In the old books.
Perhaps this still well preserved and
interesting ?rst edition, now fifty.-rour
years old, may be a link in the con
troversy over the most Inspiring and
characteristic American "national""
tune we have.
Some of your readers may throw
additional light on the early records.
Y. E. A.
Louisville, Ky., January 17.
Or Pretends to.
Mrs. Exe-Is your husband still
troubled with insomnia?
'- 't?rs. "Wye-Not' so much. "When
"How Is young John getting on at
colleger*' asked tho friend of Ute
"Very. well. Indeed." answered
John's proud mother. "The president
bas about decided to let him stay on
far the rest of the term."
fssilil?iMi. Mil Mfecfc CtM
ta*M te les?*?
Calfon, Ky.-In sn iateresSnf letter
from this place, Mrs, Bettie bullock
writes ?a follows; "I suffered for four
year?, with woettaly trouts, and during
00? ?me, I could only eft up for a little
while, tad could not walk anywhere at
all. A? tim?, I ?WW have severe pama
iu my left ?Mc
ment relieved mt toe a while, but 1 was
soon confined lo my bed again. Ai ret
lli^ecpibjf imwilta Ss sst kay CM H
FOR PERMANENT PASTURES
GOVERNMENT I88UE8 AN INTER
Tell? Farmer? Mow to Prepare Per
manent pasture? in States of the
"Permanent pastures for the cot
ton belt," is the subject discusst lu
a bulletin Just received off the presses
of the United States department of
agriculture at Washington. Thc bul
letin ls of Interest in this section be
cause of the determination of many
of the farmers hereabouts to raise
more live stock in the future.
Tho bulletin says:
Permanent pastures are a necessity
in the cotton states. ? Even with the
present acreage devoted to cotton
and other tilled crops, there is plenty
of idle land that if turned into pas
tures would yield ' a good additional
income without increasiug the farm
er's labor billa to any appreciable
extent. In changing from .otton
growing to live-stock raising, as many
are now doing, the need of penna
Dent pastures becomes imperative.'
Lands Suitable for Pastures.
The moro fertile the land the bet
ter the pasture; but for economic
reasons the rough fields' and gullied
hillsides should bo the first to be used
for grass. Tho increasing prices of
meats and of farm labor will often
make the fertile fields more profitable
in pasture than in tilled' crops. The
convenience of .water for the stock
should not be overlooked in choosing
Et field for a pasture.
Preparation of the Land.
The succesa of a permanent pasture
dependa primarily on '? the' fertility of
the land nt the start.. On good soil
with the proper ayatem of grazing, a
pasture will increase in production
for many yeera. It is. a slow process,
however, to bu.ld up poor soils hy
pasturing alone. It ia better to put
ihe land In good tilth a) the start in
order to maintain the stand of the
more nutritious grasses and clovers.
If the soil Ia deficient tn organic
matter, some green-manure croj , such
as cowpe?? or rye,' should' be plowed
under before seeding the grass Sta
ble manure would accomplish the
lame purpose; but this is'not of ton
available.. Experience has abown that
phosphorus is the one element thar, is
most likely to be .profitable in pas
tures; so, it commercial fertilizers
?re used, those carrying a high .per
centage of this element are most
desirable. Acid phosphate and basic
Blag are the most economical' ar.d
satisfactory materials to use.
Kind? of Grasses for Pastures.
..The. Southern states are fortunate
m having a number of. first-class pas
turo Plants suitable for their condi
tions. With a proper, selection. of
these plants it ls possible to have good
pastures throughout the entire year.
In seeding, lt ia best to use a nur
ture of several grasses and clover*;,
ts no one kind will meet atj ' re
iuireraentfl. , Of the many pasture
plants available, the best' ones under
ceriera! conditions arc Bermuda grass,
espedeza, bur clover and white clov
er. Redtop, orchard grass, carpet"
;rsss, ?**ttas "-ye-j^!*"?} and ?fe?''
retches should bo added to this list
or tho' special conditions mont (oneil
Bermuda grass is unquestionably
he best summer pasture grass known
n the south. It occupies the same
-elative position in that section that
duegraBs does In the north. It should
)o mad:, the basia tor pasture mix
ures on ell solis except the yery light
ianda. Bermuda grass does best on
ich loams along creeks, sometimes
trowing large enough to make 4
ons of hay to the'acre. Tho yield
s not so high on uplands, but lt ls
>u file lent to justify UH ust? xor yraz
ng purposes on all the loams und
he heavier types of soils, lt ls pe;
panent in its existence on fertile
?olta. endur?s long JwriQda of.
Irought without much injury, is bene
ittod rather than Injured by the gras
ng and trampling-of stock, and fu*
ilshea as nutritious a feed aa most
?ther grasses. No other plant luis
teen found that is more suitable for
-nilled hillsides, to prevent washing
nd to cover Op the scan of erosion.
It flourishes in sun?- '?ne, but will
lot endure much sr -.e. For thu
feason it should not used in wood
had got!*? se weak ! could not stsndL
xvi lr . * up In despair* ,
.. At I??,, my t??SvS??M ?&t u?S ? aOutv m
?ardut, the worogn'c ionic, and I com*
naced taking it. From the very first
tosa, ! could tell it was helping me. I -
aa now walk two ?Bea without ?te
iring >ne, and sm doi ran my work."
ll yob ate sil nm down bom womanly
rotates, don't give up in despair. Try
i?m&et, fte woman's t?ate, lt ?es helped
nore than a million womer*, in ft* SO
rears of continuous success, and should
?rt?y help you, too. Your druggist fas
noV. Cardai for yeera, alia knowe whet
t wffi do. Ask him- He wal recos?*
IK. Begta taking Carita today.
te ? OMKaoooe* M
GIRLS! GLEAN AND BEWT
Girls! Get a 25 cent bottle and
try a "Danderine Hair
Surely try a "Danderine Hair
cleanse" if you wish to immediately
double the beauty of your hair. Just
moiaten a cloth with Danderine and
draw it carefully through your hair,
taking one email strand at a time,
this will cleanse the hair of dust, din
or any excessive oil-in a few minutes
you will be amazed. Your hair will
bo wavy, fluffy and abundant and
possess all incomparable softness,
lustre and luxuriance.
land pasture. Its dislike of shade
has suggested a successful method for
its eradication from tilled fields. ' A
crop of oats and vetch seeded in the
fall, followed by a crop of cow peas
the following summer, will usually
exterminate the grass if the field is
desired for a cultivated crop.
How to Set Bermuda Grass.
?Lands may be set with Bermucn
grass either by seed or by planting
small pieces of Bod. Formerly the
seed of this grass was so scarce and
so low in vitality that the sod-tratts
fer method was thc one moat com
monly practiced. In recent years lt
bas been found that Bermuda grass
seeds freely in Rome of the southwest
ern states, especially in Arizona.
This western-grown Beed is of., a
much better quality than that fortur
crly on the market, and with it seed
ing is practicable.
i The seed ia best sown on a well,
prepared seed bed in March or April.
Five pounds of seed to the acre Ia
sufficient, as the seed is very small,
and, besides, the grass spreads rab
idly over the ground by means of ita
aggressive root-stock*. In order to
facilitate tho equal distribution of
such a small quantity ot fine seed,
it may ' be mixed with i cottonseed!
meal or dry earth to increase the
bulk or, better, mixed with some
other seeds ot pasture plants, as di
rected later. The1 seed may be cov
ered with a roller or light smoothing
It is usually an easy natter in the
south to find in any locality, a well
established Bermuda grass sod, and
when desirable thia can be used tor
propagating th\> grass instead of us
ing the seed. The field should be
prepared tho same aa for sowing the
seed,, but many good stands have
been obtained with; very, little prepa
ration or tho seed bcd. A eomm?n
method of planting is to lay off fur
rows about 3 feet apart and drop email
. pieces of sod every 2 or 3 feet tn
the furrow 'and cover with the foot.
The sod for. planting msy he. obtain
ed by cutting a shallow-furrow with
a turning plow and then chopping
this up with a sharp spade into pieces
gbout 2 inches square. The planting
or Bod niay be done at any time dur
ing the summer, but preferably mir
ing periods of. wet weather. It the
planting is done in the spring, the
grass will usually spread and cover
tue en ti iv ?rouii? th?: ?lis? pcato,,.
Lespedexa, or Japan Clover.
Lespedeza ls che of tho few aa
uual. plants that are - suitable for
pastures, lt Heeds near the ground
and. unless extremely close grazine
ls practiced is self-perpetuating, it
often grows on land so low in fer
tility that nothing else will survive,
but it Bucceeda best on rich, fertile
loams in the lower Mississippi Val*
ley, where it sometimes grows to a
height of 2 feet or more and makes
a vary satisfactory crop ot hay. Les
pedeza belongs to the legume family
of planta and enriches the soil with
nitrogen. For this reason alone it is
always desirable to mix this wi ?li
Bermuda grasa for pastures, lt- is
alow in starting growth in ilu
spri'tg, but makes Its beat growth
ta midsummer and is not' checked un
til heavy frosts come in the fall.
Lospcdesa may be seeded at any
time after danger from frosts ls past
in early spring. Twenty-live pounds
of pure, well-cleaned seed to thc
vacre is considered a full secding\
Smaller quantities than thlB win ot}
ten be. sufficient for a pasture, as lt
spreads rabidly wtfen once started
In a suitable ll. lt is a splendid
plant to grow.'.:ith Bermuda grass,
..ind should always be Included with
it for a permanent pasture.
? Another method of getting a stand
ot Lespedeza is to cut some of tho
ripened bay and scatter It over the
ground to be seeded. ThU is often
practiced where the land is too rough
<o be brok-m with- a plow.
Bu/ Ci ovar and White Clover.
It ia always desirable to seed with
Bermuda grafts and Lespedeza some
thing that will, furnish winter graz
ing. Tpe two plantB beat suited tor
that puipoae uro bar clover and white
or Dutch clover. - These, take poser-?-,
sion ot the land during the winier
and farntmh AxenlUtnt gr* ?I nu uni,;]
hot weather oomes, when they give
'z'jr to the Bermuda grass. Bur clov
er ia an annual, but reseeds itself
vead?ty, W&Ite "clover h?
and propagates itself both hy seed
and by creeping rootatccka.
Bur clover should be seeded in late
summer'or fall at the rate cf 15
pounds of Ie
?it the 'burs to th- clov
Spcicai Purpose Graster,
fF -25 GENT OANOERINE
Besides beautifying tho bair, one
inplication of Dan de ri nc dissolves
lavery particle of dandruff; invigorates
tbe scalp, .stopping itching and tailing
Danderine is to the hair what fresh
shower* of rain and sunshine aro to
vegetation. . It goes right to the roots,
invigorates and strengthens them. Its
exhilarating, stimulating and life
producing properties cause the hair
to grow long, strong and beautiful.
You can surely have pretty, soft,
lustrous hair, and lots of it ir you will
just get a 25 cent bottle of Knowl
ton's Danderine from any drug store
Or toilet counter and try it as direct
creeping habit of growth, taking root
at every Joint, which, makes lt a pas
ture .grass. . Close grazing by stock
is essential to maintain .a good sod.
If stock be kept off lt.for an entire
season it will greatly deteriorate, lt
seldom makes sufficient growth to
Justify ita being mown for hay, and
unless grown with other grasses is
not satisfactory for pasture v?*t,
Carpet gras? may be planted by the
same methods used for propagating
Bermuda grass. It is doubtful wheth
er it is ever advisable to plant this
grass, as lt comes in itself through
out the entire region to which it. is
adapted. If the land ls seeded to the
Bermuda-T.espedeza mixture already
mentioned, it will furnish moro graz
ing for two or threo years than If
seeded to carpet grass. By that time
the carpet grass will have establish
ed itself. The problem then is to add
something to the carpet grass to in
crease its grazing capacity. Thia can
be done by occasionally harrowing the
sod tn the fall and sowing italian rye
grass seed. Bermuda-grass seed
might be added in the same manner
in the spring, or pieces of Bermuda
sod might be dropped in shallow fur
rows in the - et-grass Bod. The
Bermuda grab. #111 increase the sum
mer pasturing, while the Italian rye
grass will make a greater growth dur
ing the cooler weather.
Italian rye-grass ls the best tem-.
porary winter pasture grass for the
south. Its chief merit lies in KS
ability to produce a luxuriant growth
of nutritious grass quickly after,
seeding. Usually it does not last more
than two or threev years, and for
practical purposes it must bo consid
ered an annual. lu pastures'it serve?
the purpose of furnishing abundant'
grazing during the "winter months and
willie tho othor grasses are becom
ing established.- - It grows well where.
Bermuda grass flourishes, and is rco-r
?mmended to be used wherever Ber
muda-grass planting is done, whether
Sthe aced or sod method. The seed .
Italian rye-grass is of strong germi
nation, and 30 pounds to thc acre Is
sufficient for a full Btand, while Iii
pound?'is probably sufficient for sow
ing in mixturea 'or to replenish a thin
sod on an old pasture;. Seeding is
bcBt done In the fall.
^r?tcp fe ? w?.joiy ?mown .pasture"
and hay grass, lt ia not a ueavy
produclng grass; neither is the .hui/
of especially good quality. When
kept closely grazed, stock cat ft
readily. Ita ability to grow on Bolls
that are wet or poor in lime makes
It worthy , of consideration. It grows
f.-vely in combination with other
grasses and adda to the bulk of her
bage produced without crowding out
the plants with which it ia associat
ed. It seeds freely and spreads by
loot stocks, making a line oyen, turf
if. seeded alone. Ita greatest use in
the south ls on creek bottoms thal
are too wet to produce Bermuda sSjXfc,
ft adds materially to the amount of
paaturuge except in iiiidsuDJim r
when it languishes
., It ls best propagated from aced,
uslug 0 to ft pounds to the ??re. Seed
ing, is 'best done in tho fall. The di
rections given for seeding Burmuda
grass apply equally well to seeding
. Orchard gars* lg a coarae-growlng?
hunchy grass, that furnishes kqo?
grazing In early ?pring and late fall
Ita growth is chee?red during hot
weathi.T. It will endure considerable
rough treatment without Injury
should ,be kept closely' grazed for tho
best results. No other grass'. will
stand more shade, and lt is the. one
rcwt often recommended for good
land pastures. It neVer does wop on
light randy soils. On wet land's and
.heavy cl*ya it is aa excellent gras?
to ral* with redtop. From 20 to oft
pounds of seed to the acre Will give a
full stand. Half as much will be
sufficient ior paeturc mixtures, lt
should be seeded in thia fall. ft is
ope of the best ' grasses ,10 ? sow in
gullies, tu pfpVe-?U fmi?rr i lusi?n.
k Hairy. Vetch.
The .persistent character of hairy
Vetch tn tho. scila Of many of the
southern atetes makes it worthy cC
When seeded early in the fall with
oats lt vf Ol furnish good grazing
during the vilntcr and early api J $ and
afterwards produce a good crop of.
Ulan you apead, Elimi
Work, work, "WorJt-f
Plan plain pleasures.
Dress Simply, Save
Something, int your
money to work. Pay
promptly your prom
ise?. Boost instead of
knock. Each pay day
deposit with the Sav
ings Deportment ot
Kiss Your Coal Stove
The gas stove has the
coal stove beaten a fnil
No wood to chop, no coal to car
ry, no ashes to take upr carry
out, and sift, leaving a ira? of
dirt and dust from the stove all
the way out to the ash pit.
No fire to coax and cod
dle. N o excess heat. N o
Gas is ;a guarantee of the right
kind of a'fire instantly for any
purpose whatever; and it's njore
economical, too. " '
Anderses Gas Co.
J. M. McCown's
Oranges. ,.15c.N20 and 25c
Apples, per peck....40c
Raisins. 2 lbs........25c
Nata per lb. .25c
Cranberries . ... .10o qt.
Prunes, 2 lbs.;.2Dc
Citron, per lb......J20c
National Biscuit Co.'s Fruit Cake
at por pound... ... ... ,.50c
J. M. McCOWN
. Phone 'Jty'-tt.
h .. BOB', ratonil jn'i? ?stfralnstnr?mvda.
t??av. ufttt?r tinta ?lt ??vir?*!??! i$. ibo
?palo'' ?f <Jwd?a bt by mul. pots
\ ^ I. JSOTAPtrCAi, 14FC. CO.
i a m (he.
so you caa
in tho Vl?di
I maka a specialty of treating
Pyorrhea, Alveolitisv?fc th? gums
and all crown and Brtdgo work
and regulating mal tormod teetk
Alt work euarante^'^rktelW^'
Tr. i'm? f nu ,inu