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FOUNDED AUGUST 1. IM?.
14ft West Waitaer Street
ANBEHSOft, 8. t.
W. W. 8MOAK, Editor end Bas. Mgr
L. M. GLENN.City Editor
PHELPS SASBEEN, Advertising Mgr
T. B. GODFREY.CirculsUon Mgr.
E. ADAMS, Telegraph Editor sad
nattered ss second-class matter Ap
ril 28, 1914, at tb* post office st An
derson, South Carolina, under the Act
ot l&rca~ 3,1879.
Member ot Associated Press sad
Receiving Complete Daily Telegraphic
Editorial and Business Office.Ill
Job Printing .693-L
On* Tear .$1.(0
SU Mantas .76
one Tear .K.00
Stn Months .2.60
Three Months ..-. 1-25
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THEIR DUTY DONE.
In the next few daya. or to bs ex
act on February 1st, Messrs. W. L
Brlssey, T. Frank Watkins and M. M.
Mattleons terms aa directors in the
Chamber of Commerce will have ex
pired. It should be and doubtless la
a source of great encouragement to
all Andersonians to know that their
placea will be filled by such able pub
. ile spirited and progressive men as
. those who have been chosen to suc
ceed them. For in Messrs. E. It Hor
ton, It E. Ligon and J- E. Barton the
organisation has secured three men
who sre capable, willing and able and
bare the progresa, prosperity and
growth of the city at heart, and will
creditably All the places of thoBe
gentlemen whom they are to succeed.
' But jus? n word.
What about thone three gentlemen
who have laid down th* mantle of
duty well done and or conscientious
service weil rendered for the public
good and for the city's, progress?
Th? Intelllrencer ls Informed that
? the records in the office ot the commer
cial organisation jail! show that these
three gentlemen gare never missed a
meeting of the directors ' during the
entire two years they served when they
were In the city: that many times they
gave up their own businesses, needing
particular and painstaking attention,
in order to be on band wb4u the board
met to deiiverate and take action on
the many matters brought to its at
tention. And tbs record' of accom
plishment made Is enduring; it has
been solid, substantial, and fruitful of
tremendous results. No one. who has
followed the results obtained can for
one moment question the fact that
great and lasting good has been done.
These three retiring directors have
pla'-?d their part In that activity. To
gether with their fellow remain-over
directors tho wbolo city is the bene
Today business draws the brainiest
and busiest men within its folds.
Politics no longer, If ever for that
matter, draws our really biggest men,
Good men are in politics. That is true
and some exceptionally able men, but
aa a rule today the real, big, con
atructtve men of America are tn bus
iness. And sometimes lt would ap
pear that-the great public, ever forget
ful of the work done xor it volun
tarily and for love of one's city. State,
country, ta all roo prone to put too
light * tribute upon those who hare
labored for the common good of all',
la an unselfish desire to serve. That
condition we do not believe exist* to
any approachable extent in Anderdon,
and The Intelligencer therefore feels
that in the retirement of these three
gentlemen from the governing board
of the city's business commercial
body, do BO with th* sincere ihsak;
of all our people, who are grateful for
what they haye done, for what they
have Blood for, and for the increasing
importance Anderson ls securing upon
the map of progress.
The Intelligencer but wents to add
1U reit* of thankfulness. And it does
We are keenly interested in the
question of compulsory education for
the SUte of South Carolina. We had
hoped that Immediately after the leg
islature convened, that it would pass a
compulsory school attendance taw.
t so far they have ssoeeeded in
.r-ing no law regarding thia moat
When the question of the percentage
|pg Illiterate children in Soutn Carolina
:i* mentioned, we are compelled to
hang our bead? in ?hame, because
we are very near the bottom of the
list. We are either next to the bot
tom or third from there at any rate.
While the entire United States as a
whole haa made great stride? in
stamping out illiteracy among the
children of school age in the last four
ten years the. South has not kept pace
with the balance of the country; In
fact, the high per centage of Illiteracy
among the Southern States ls whet
keeps the per cent of Illiteracy of the
United States from being considerably
lower than it is today.
From the latest figures obtainable j
from the United States government it i
is shown ttiat the number of Illiterate'
children between the ages of ten and
fourteen, lias dropped from forty two
out of every thousand in 1900, to only
FIFTEEN to the thousand In 1914, j
wliile the number of Illiterate chil
dren In this State has dropped from
one hundred and fifty to the thousand
in 1900 to an ESTIMATED number of !
EIGHTY FIVE per thousand in 1M4.
With theBe figures at hand, further
comment ls hardly necessary. They
speak volumes, and in a language of
one sylable that all who read may un
derstand. How can we advance, or I
hope to keep up with the rapid prog
ress of thc balance of tbe country
when we are lagging so far behind j
in the very foundation of all civilisa
tion, progress, and advancement? We
owe a duty to the illiterate adults and
their illiterate children of thia State
which cries out for immediate att n
tlon. We, who are more fortunate
than some -others should see to it, that
the children of this State are given
a sufficient education that will enable
them to' earn a bare living; for with
the rapid Invention of machinery with
which to do almost every thing that
has been done wltb? human hands
heretofore, the day is not far distant
when the person who is dependent
upon his hands for a living will starve
to death. As Elbert Hubbard once
said: "A man ls worth a dollar, a
day from his ears down, and from his
ear up he ls worth what he can earn;"
thia being tnt? what chance will the
uneducated child of today have
against the competition of the highly
educated child, when they will have
reached man's estate?
From a commercial point of view
strictly, it will be the very best in
vestment that South Caromin can
m-.\fce at this time, to pass a good
workable and enforceable compulsory
educational law. without any excep
tions. Make it broad, so that it will)
cover the entire State. Wp would sug
gest that a commission or a comtt-]
tee be appointed selected from level
headed educator*, or men who r.re
known to have the interest ot the
children at heart, for the puvpose of
framing a bill that wilt gire the chil
dren qf this State at '.east ah even
break with the average child of this
country. They couM get copies of the
different stnte iaws which have, been j
and are now ls force in a great many I
other States, sad fashion oura from)
the best nf all these.
As South Carolina ts one of the -only j
States of. this entire country
which has not yet embraced the plan
of Compulsory Education, and each of
these five . States are high in their
per cent of Illiteracy, this should be
sufficient reason, without another!
word to convince any thinking man!
that wc should have State wide com
pulsory attendance law, and ATI
How are you going to educate the j
child of illiterate parents, who do not |
appreciate the need of an education;
or who are toe eager to gain the
bsneflt of the earnings of their own
children to be wining to spare thom
to ge to schcol?
Only by the aid of the law!
The awful amount of money neces
sary to keep law and order; and to
punish the law breakers of this State
could bo cut In hali lt our people
had been better educated. A study ot
this phase ot the situation wir? con
vince the most skeptical thai et least j
seventy-five per cent of our criminals j
The terrible ravages of pal tagia,
hook-worm, and tuberculosis, and'
other diseases could te diminished to
a m*pv?d degree if cur p?ophf were
better educated. Most of thcae caaes,
cr at lesat a grsatir j?jr Cent o? them
could have been prevented if'the peo
ple had boen better educated.
We can alt talk, and write, and res
ol ate until doomsday, but we will
never solve this tremendous problem
until we caa get the children Into the
ac bor?! rooms; we cannot educate them
wi'^cift wetting them lato th
ar.d t'*ere a?<< thousands of childrr
S Vrfih Carolina wh? *lll nev
any education until the State has ?
compulsory education law.
A GOOD CHAIRMAN.
The election of Mr. E. H. H?rten
chairman of the Paving Comxulaslira ;
bsa proven a popular choice through-1
out the ciJy. No one could expect:
otherwise. Mr. Horton ts a man of j
ilii' other able members of tho .com
misvtoa a proper handling, disburse- !
mont and distribution of the paving
The other selections made have
proven no lea? popular. Everybody
knows that Mr. li. O. Evans, as vice
chairman, Mr. Ledbetter as treasurer
and Mr. Walter Dabbing aa secretary
will carry on this Important work, so
necessary now if Anderson ia to pro
gress further, in a proper manner, to
the satisfaction of the overwhelming
majority of our people. e
o Letter From the People. o
In complying with your request that
I give you my views on compulsory
education. I shall try to be very brief.
In tbe beginning, too, allow me to say
that I have not seen the text ?r any
of the bills now before the general
assembly and therefore cannot pre
sume to comment upon them.
I am unequivocally In favor of com
pulsory education, and for this rea
son 1 earnestly hope that, whatever
the bill submitted. the details shall
be ? carefully considered by men
whose experience in Buch mattera
render them competent to arrive at a
workablevconclusion. A mistake just
now will Bet the educational clock
back several years in South Carolina.
An Impractical, unworkable law wilt
carty, within itself the seed of. it's
own repeal. This ?is no time, I res
pect, for hasty or half-baked legisla
An effective law ror compulso re
education in my opinion should be
State wide; it should provide ror a
levy in e.?eh district of sufficient
taxes to operate town schools nine
months and rural schoolB Bevan
months as a minimum; it should pro
vide for the raising of adequate funds
for modern Behool houses and school
equipment. An effective law should
not say that these taxes and charges
may be levied but that they must be
I levied ; and lt should be. the specific
duty ot some one to see that they are
levied. It is utterly useless to pass a
j law without providing the means
whereby it ls to be carried out. To
allow u community to throttle the law
l y neglecting to provide the neces
sary school funda ls to nullify the
Yours very truly,
E. C. McCants.
' f hat member of the South Carolina
legislature who waals tue cobon
acreage reduction law repealed, most
be a large land owner. I have beard
that In some instances landlords re
fuse to rent their lands without an
agreement to plant practically every
ncr.; in cotton. The farmer who
raises cotton only, is bound to pay
cash for what he eats, and there is
hot one cotton farmer out of every
hundred in South Carolina who can
aave money from the proceeds of his
cotton crop who carries his provisions
home in tin cans and paper bags.
The landlord may think differently
and continue to demand that the
tenant plant all cotton-not even per
mitting -him to raise a few hogs, or
keep a cow without extra tiny," r.r
raise a few chickens.. But that does
not.-disprove the proposition;that the
tenant can never expect to ?be any
thing but a tenant under such res
trictions. However, that is probably
what the landlord knows and desires.
If there were no tenants, there would
be no landlords with land to rent-for
the richest land on earth is worth
much less than the same number of
aerea In prarie grass, unless some
man plows lt, 'hoes it, raises croon
amt gathers the harvest. An uncork
ed farm it on par with an Ice cream
parlor at the North Pole.
It cannot be denied that tho produc
tion of cotton ta a wonderful blessing
to the human race, for lt.'supplies
gothlng to that Innumerable class of
ipoverished humanity who otherwise
would, from necessity, play the role
Of. ''September Morn." But for the
white men, women and children of the
South-who for many years h?ve been
forced to Vhit the cotton patch" for
thirteen months in each year-it has
been anything but a profitable and up.
Instead of a blessing, it has simply
bound them into an economic slavery
from which there is absolutely no
hope for relief outside of rebellion,
and a complete change in the'system
under which they struggler In other
words, they must stop raising cotton
not entirely-but as a sole crop. -
When any mac in the South .aug?
goats a curtailment of c 'ion"wZi.*
tfon, a yell goea up frc^ all over the
.country. It Ia a mar.nlflc!ont yell, and
for years has had th?. ciT??ct of drown
ing tb> feeble voice o.V the opposition.
To listen to thc cry, one would think
that it a fifteen million bale crop was
sst produced every year, Southern
people would starve to death. They
will starve, anyway, if the? kaim it
But who does the yelling? Is it the
poverty stricken tenant farmer and
bia helpless family who raise and
Pick the cotton ? Not on your life.
The landlord yells "plcnt cotton."
Th* merchants takes ap the cry.
The gin and cotton seed mea reuet
hav? it. or they are out of business.
The Iocs! cotton buyers really need
The big cotton firms, with
headquarters^ figure from planting to
picking season, eattotating th? sis-of
the crop, and sending dally loft)
tica to those phllantbr.
Patriots tn Wall Street-who ar?
fertng from lnsoravnia on
amy worm. The
the Lord to send seas ^
In order !iQ poor t<
These reductions are facts and not advertising fiction.
Every price quoted shows what we priced these
goods during the regular season and what we are
pricing them now---the difference points the way to
the largest saving in our history.
Men's Suits and Overcoats.
S25.O0 Values now.. .$17.95
22.50 Values now.16.95
20.00 Values now. . 14.95
18.00 Values now. 12.95
15.00 Values now .... .... .. 10-95
12.50 Values now. .... 8.95
10.00 Values now. .. 6.95
Boys' Suits and Overcoats.
?3.50 and $3.00 Values now. ... . .$2.45
4.50 and 4.00 Values now.2,95
5.00 Values now.. ..... 3.75
6.50 and 6.00 Values now. ... . . 4.45
7.50 and 7.00 Values now. . .... 4.95
9.00 and 8.5o Values now. . .... 5.95
10.00 Value? now.7,45
12.50 and 11.00 Values now. . .. 7.95
Men's Odd Trousers.
$2.50 and $2.00 Values.. .. ... ..$1.75
3.50 and 3.00 Values. . 2.45
4.50 and 4.00 Values. .. 2.95
S.oo Values. 3.76
6.50 and 6.00 Values. . .. .. .. . 4.45
8.00 and 7.50 Values. . .... .. 4.95
9.00 and 8.5o Values.5.95
Men's and Boy's Underwear.
? .50 Values now. ., . .$ .40
l .do Values now.,.80
1.50 Values now. . .... - . 1.15
1.75 Values now. . 1.35
2.00 Values now . . . . . ..1.45
3.00 Values now. .. 2.25
3.50 Values now. . 2.65
^^g^ I Hill ''''J! I PiffTTMiMM *T
"The Store with a Conscience"
the cotton out ot which lt was manu
factured-aud sold lt at the rate of 7c.
a pound. The scream for "more cot
ton" even comes from across the great
ocean. There, mammoth mills are
transforming the fleecy slave-making
product into l'a various forma-manu
facturing it into more short-tailed
shirts, or into ready-to-wear stylish
clothing, branded "ail wool." Then
they Bhtp it back to South Carolina
and sell -lt at a high rate price to the
man who raised lt. if this isn't true,
pick: out the errors. Every maa who
handlea cotton, or its products, makes
money-except the man who performs
the actual !*ber c! producing lt. Un
der present conditions a large crop qt
cotton will Invariably net the pro
ducer a low price. By the time it
reaches the hands ot the actual con
sumer (and the producer of cotton
always wears cotton goods) lt com
mands a high price, when comparea
to what the producer received for the.
raw cotton.. If the big profit went to
the producer it would immediately be
returned into the channels of trade
for I never saw a cotton raiser who
wouldn't spend money if he had lt.
Under our present aystem, the man
who owns no land nnd raises cotton
as his entire or principal crop on
rented land, ls aa complete a slave as
ever existed upon earth. The con
stantly lUCTC?ol?lg Cuttu? uOicUK'-' in
this country is responsible foi" the
high cost of Hying, not only here bu?,
in other countries which ave more or
1088 dependent upon the United
States for food products. When con
ditions are thus, there is-something
wrong-and wise men should Temedy
the evil. Sitting on goods boxes,
^hewing Brown's. Mule - tobacco and
cussing.boll weevils, and army worms,
don't do it. The Lord Bent' them to
HM if He couldn't' isseh people some
sense, bat the Behool hasn't turned
out a graduate so far. ?t is my honest
opinion es f t it the boll weevils won lu
clean up ??e Southern cotton fields io*
a half dosen years in succession it
would be the salvation of tho country.
If the entire cotton producing rcgoin
could enter Into a contract wlth>the
mills In thia country and Europe tc
buy all the cotton that could be raised,
at 15c per pound, et the end of fifty
years we would have just as many
? land renters aa We now Lave. They
would DC just as poor, and poorer-Il
I possible-than Pt the present time. Ia
? fact, I am coandent there would ht
more tenants and fewer land owners
' In addition to natural Increased popu
I tatton, only large land owners would
have money-and they would aoon buy
UP the small tarma, even at exhorbit
ant prices. Under such a contract, all
available ' land would be planted la
cotton, and while the producer vroulfj
receive mora money for hi? crop, h?
ouc'd dlacover'th?t the cost of.llvini
kept neck and neck with bia Increaser,
'profits-and probably, a tap or twx
It is a mistaken argument that th<
manufacturers "hsvo got te bay" oui
!<?Ci!eSi- T?ccc o^n Tim? donn
even have to run 'em unless they car<
to at a profit thai Bults^them. The!
together* and wait until the poor "prc
ducers "have to" sell at their price
or starve. They can afford to wal
lor the cotton, but the tenant farme!
/..an't afford to watt for his meals.
Suppose each working farmer Lat
raised enough meat tor his own us?
and that bis wile and children-ta
stead ot ?'.hitting th* cotton patcbT~
h>< put tn their time raising chicken?
turkeys and attending, to a rewan**
cows. (Raising ,T>m cat si for th.el
furs pays better than raisinn
? rented land)., Suppose the smoke
tntiho-wa* fnlv of meat, th? bars fui
of grain, while thc entire layout wa
fenced around with big.v stacks o
It ls Time For The farmer to Think About
Boyiog .ty^ftff? Spnag Fleming
Our line of Farm- Implements is complete,
goods that are well established and of known
merit. Call and let UR show them to you be
fore you buy.
?nd?rson S. C J^^tonf
an average at. the price of production,
and haye to buy every bite he and his
family eats from a corner grocery wno
Is dominated by the trusts?
Under the circumstances would it
not be the part, of wisdom-for tho far
mers-the real producers-tor make a
Not to ask for it-becaase they
wont get it-but demand lt?
. Northern raen, were vt he first alaye
owners. Finding the African slaves
could not live in the cold Nar them
climate, they sold thom to Southern
white men, who put them to work*
raising cotton. Alt the negro got wat j
ht? living. His owner began to grow j
rich by leaps and bounds. Any man j
could do the samo, who owns large j
Quantities of land and can have, lt I
Cultivate by men willing to plant lt all
? ''? _
tn cotton, pick lt, gio it, and only get
enough out of their work to pay for
cheap board and poor lodging. If the ]
renter.get* more, he ia lucky.
' Becoming Jealous . of * the South's
prosperity,; tho North . decided that
slavery waa >reng, anti ;set the nig
gers free. 1
King Cotton is a tryant.
He can dot rule any country with
out enslaving a large part of the
population, and having lost the nigger,
free white, men, their wives and chil
dren were induced to accept the Job,
under promise of big rewards.
r?r a short time they got th? re
Irater on they got it "in the neck"
and havo been getting it stronger and .
' V, B. Cheshire.
log PEARL WHITE and ARNOLD DALY
Special Musical Program hy
MAX FiGMAN ind LOLi?? ROB!