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of your children made at yoor
Keep a record of yow Child,
it ?rill ba a treasure in old age.
Lat aa know when to call.
Green's Art Shop
On The Square*
I am the man to .Ix your teeth
BO you can eat the pie that I put
In the Piedmont BeU.
I make platea at $6.50
I make gold crowns ai$4,00
Surer filling*, 50c ssd np.
Gold fOlinga $1.00 and op
Painless Extracting 4Ckp.
I make a specialty of treating
Pyorrhea, Alveolarla of the gums
and all crown and bridge work
and regulating mal formed teeth.
All work guaranteed first-class.
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THIS ESSAY WAS
THE BEST OF ALL
(CONTINUED FROM PAGE SIX.)
elation, delightful, though it ls, with
the Megs and Jos and the Silas Lap?
hams of a lesa idealistic, though per
haps a hip'-ar type ot fiction. More
over, can you say that those early
dreams have not helped you to reach
a higher womanhood than you could
have attained without them? -
It ia sometimes said that Poe, though
ot Southern parentage and upbringing,
and claiming to be Strictly Virginian,
showed in his writing no national nor
sectional traits. But Page cays that
bis poems are as distinctly Southern
In their coloring tone and temper ea
those of Wordsworth are English.
The wild landscape, the flower-laden
atmosphere, the delicious richness are
their setting, end a moro than tropical
passion Interfuses them as unmistak
ably aa the air of English lawns and
meadows breathea through Tennyson's
masterpieces." There Ls no realism in
either his poetry or his stories, but
idealism carried over to the fantastic,
sometimes to the grotesque.
Inmortal Pea People,
Among the immortals sprung from
the brain of genius. Southern writers
bave added figures worthy of the
company of Sam Weller, Ur. Pickwick.
Col. Newcomb and Becky Sharpe.
Judge Longstreet has given to this
shadow world the Inimitable Ned
Brace; James O. Baldwin haa added
Ovid Bolus, Esq.; Hooper created Si
mon Suggs, Jr.; William T. Thompson
save the world the gallant Ma}. Jones.
These are characters from books be
loved and laughed over from the Po
tomac to the Rio Grande. They show
what the idealistic touch of genius can
make of the rough backwoodsman, or
Uie eccentric villager.
The school of stern, bald realism
which has been popular in recent
years, has found few followers in the
South. Rather than solve the painful
problems of real life, the Southern
writer has shown a wish to forget the
world and Us griefs, and the Southern
reader prefers to live in his dream
world, with and among either the
high, the beautiful, the brave, /ho
noble and the ideal or to enjoy /the
peculiarities and harmless foibles of
the backwoodsman, the mountaineer
or the negro.
But by no means is idealist! in
American literature confined te the
South, nor realism found alone tn the
North; they overlap and Intertwist
The general trend of Southern litera
ture, however, is in the direction of
the valley of the lotus-eater, ?while
through the literature of the North
rings the stirring cry of life ont en
But in imaginative literature, dowe
want always the echo of the battle adi
May the problem novel, and the SOT]
mo? ?u verse never penetrate the fairy
world of Southern literature.
Literature Interprets History.
Though something worthy of tai
name of literature has been produc?
in the South, lt has been well said
by a commentator on Southern lett
ters: "The art value is in no way to
be compared with the life value."
There was from earliest times ts
appreciation of education and provis
ion made for it. Massachusetts lud
?B Harvard. Virginia its William and
Mary, and there waa little to choose
between them In point of excellence.
Harvard produced more ethical think
er? and reformers, William and Mary
more classical scholars and greater
orators. Other colleges followed both
North and South, and education be
came increasingly accessible. But here
New England had the advantage. Her
States were thickly populated, town
or city life waa the rule, though the
town might be the merest hamlet, the
people lived close together, schools
were possible and wera attended by
all. The son of the blacksmith sod
the son of the judge sat side by aide
and recited in the same class. The
son of the blacksmith was often the
better student and rose to high po
sition by force of superior Intellect
Manhood ! attained, these former
schoolmates met on a common level
and any one who had brains had the
opportunity to reach whatsoever posi*
tior ne pleased.
In the South people lived for apart
on huge plantations; children ot the
great planters were taught at home
until they reached an age to be sent,
the boya to college, very often an
English university, the girls to the
yoang ladies' seminaries of "finishing
school"- to be found in every city.
In the South there were three class
es-the slave owning aristocrat, a
man of classical learning and fine lit
Il III I "I I jilli I'.??.
erary taite, saflsned with nothing leas
than Addison/ Steele, Swift or Wal
pole; the pow whites who usually
could not reid, but who lived and
were stupidl* content tn the baldest,
barest po ve my and ignorance, having
neither hopi nor ambition; and the
negro, who Jthamolion like, took the
color of MM surroundings, the field
hand belngftften little better than a
savage, wljft the greatest aristocrat,
most courjK gentleman, and greatest
tyrant thaAver has trodden Southern
soil was jp stately old bouse servant,
neverthejB a perpetual child, depend
ent u panta master.
Littl* literature of value could arise
under such conditions. The aristocrat
lookid? to England for his light read
ing and turned his own attention to
pol.tics and law. All of the prominent
1 mwof the South were lawyers, some
ry.'them lawyers of international fame.
fe few in their hours of recreation
Jjrrote poetry, stories or essays, many
?of which show talent, but which are
the work of amateurs. Their achieve
ments in State papers and oratory
proves that there was among them
no lack of Intelligence nor of learn
ing. They simply turned for the real
business of life to other things rather
than to literature. John Randolph of
Roanoke boasted that he would go
down to his grave guiltless cf rhyme.
Yet his speeches, wtticlsmB and let
ters portray a man fully capable of
sparkling verse, had he turned his
genius Into that channel. What might
not Clay, Calhoun and other famous
statesmen and speakers have achieved
in literature had they chosen that
form ot expression?
Though little was accomplished In
the South as compared with the
world, yet much was actually done
and its literature is an exponent of
its history. The first real American
literature waa produced after the
Revolutionary War and, if not actual
history cr biography, was more or less
historical in its nature. John Mar
shall's "Life ot Washington" has been
called the fin sst biographical work
that has appeared in America. Wirts'
''Life of Patrick Henry" is a classic,
and his "Letters of a British Spy"
present a vivid picture of his times.
John P. Kennedy's "Swallow Barns"
gives a series of American sketches
similar to the pictures of English life
in Bracebridge Hall. "Horseshoe
Robinson" portrays the backwood.!
pdtriot, the type that was largely in
strumental In turning the tide of war
In the Southern States and in making
possible the battle ot King's Moun
tain. It also describes just as ac
curately the life of the manor.
The verse called forth by the Revo
lution, though breathing sincere and
ardent patriotism, can not claim the
name of poetry. That' written in the
South was fully equal to any pro
duced In the country; it waa all crude,
showing loyalty and enthusiasm for
the American cause, but scarcely in
stigated by the poetic .muse.
The first Southerner to Tin lasting
renown in that line was Francis Scott
Key of Maryland with his stirring
."Star. aTtHg1^* Banner" aa dear to
all American hearts as the national
Letters, journals and essays of the
early years of the republic pulse with
the life and problems of Ute people.
Some of those early letters have been
published only tn recent tittles aa Ute
interesting ones ot Mrs. Elisa Wilkin
son of Charleston and the delightful
ones of Eliza Lucas Plncknoy, mother
of Char?<aa C?Sesworth' au? Thosa?s
Pinckney. They cover the long period
ot her life from girlhood to old age,
giving the homely, everyday existence
of a prosperous, educated family in
Of A KIND ?ND QUALITY
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FOLDERS RULING BINDING
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Advertising and Printing
Anderson, S. C.
South Carolina during tba 18th cen
Following the literature of the Rev
olution came what la known aa the
ante-bellum period. StlU the South
bad not come into her rich heritage.
Hampered by the great incubus of
slavery she could not yet claim her
o'.* 3 A culture baaed on class dis
tinction and into which could flow
no strength of new brood could pro
duce but a feeble prototype of whnt
coming years would bring. " The
sonorous sentences and rolling periods
in which the Southerner delighted
show bis isolation from the majestic
river of modern and imitating Pope
and Johnson, while the rest of the
world swept by on the tide of Words
worth and Macaulay. His feudal life
clogged his progress.
A resentfulness ot criticism, a dis
position to overpraise, also long de
layed the Southerner's coming abreast
of the times and catching step in the
grand march of progress. This Btate
of mind was the result of two forces
acting on bis nature-first. the chival
rous politeness that could but praise
any achievement of a friend and the
attitude of master and autocrat, which
brooks no criticism.
The Southerner is intensely local,
his attitude toward the whole world
is as to outer barbarians, and it has
bred a deep seated partiality of nature
which expresses itself in everything
he does. But the ante-bellum writer,
though advancing very little original
thought, is full of historical and local
quality, though an amateur always.
He would not serve an apprentice
ship to letters. If he could not, Miner
va like, spring into being a god, fully
armed, then he would not come at
all ; he was a god on his plantation,
there he would remain. Moreover,
there was small incentive to literary
activity. Simms and Poe almost alone
strove to make literature a profession
and they failed. To others it waa au
amusement;, a recreation, to be shared
? with hunting, horse racing and danc
Sometimes a volume containing a
few poems was published by a lover ol
the muse, rather than a poet and
! distributed among bis friends who
over praiaed, but received it in much
I the same spirit that they listened to
his daughter play pretty plano compo
sitions in her father's parlor. Thc
few read, the many did not, and liter
ature to flourish must have a pub
lic and be untrammeled by class. Mind
must polish Itself by contact with
mind, a condition to which plantation
life was not conductive. Yet there
were nature lovers who sometimes ex
pressed themselves in verses pure and
limpid aa a mountain stream. What
other conditions of life would hav
made of them can only be conjectured
"My life 1B Like a Summer Rose,'
has been translated into several for
elga tongues and holds an undisputed
place in American literature. Ye
Richard Henry Wilde, a busy lawyer
seemed half ashamed to acknowl
Warnen Ante-bellum Writers.
Th? period immediately precedlnj
thej War Between the Sections pro
dueed a number of novelists, especial
ly 4ro?>en. who became very popula
throughout the country. Mrs. South
worth. Constance Cary Harrison, Ma
rion Harland, Amelia E. Barr, Au
gusta Evans Wilson, Caroline Le
Heats are a very few of these author?
While their books are ir. no sense his
torlcal, yet through them flows an un
dertone ot Southern music. The;
depict ih? life of their rime and la
cality, juat as certainly aa Fanny Bur
ney and Jane Austen depict Engllal
life and manners of the 18th centurj
And while they never attain th
heights reached by the English novel
isis; they have nevertheless made
great and worthy contribution t
The War Between the Section
called out the finest poetry the Bout
baa. created, with the exception c
Po and Lanier. One can fancy whs
ringing linea might have fallen fror
Poe's burning pen had his "feve
called living" not. "ended at last"
few more years and that fiery genia
would have immortalised such dr*
matic incidents at Pickett's wonderfi
charge at Gettysburg, an eplsod
which deserves to be told In poetr
like "The Charge of the Light Br
gad e." But Poe's fires had burne
out and Lanler'a genins spoke i
other terms. No braver soldier to
lowed Lee and Jackson than that glf
ed son of Georgia, but like Hayue hi
war poems are not his best He 'stand
preeminent, however, among Amer
can sonneteers and narrative poets,
was left for Ti m rod, Randall. Path?
Ryah. Pike, Tichnor and others to au
the war songs of the South and 1
tell the story of its trag?dien.
Are there in any language war sonf
more inspiring than Pike's "Dixie
"Maryland, My Maryland," "The Boi
nie Blue Flag." "Carolina?" C
poems that stir the blood like Tt
Sword of Robert Lee,'* "The Conque:
ed Banner," "All's Quiet Along tl
Potomac Tonight," "Little ' Glffln <
Tennessee," "Somebody's Darling
"The Jacket of Gray." Ob, how tl
list grows of the dear poems of tt
Southland, that whatever technic!
faults they ray have, go straight 1
the heart and hold lt with a mlgft!
(rip. What more ought poetry to dc
Hui nineo the t?nt im over ana ti
intense feelings then generated wei
expressed la verse the lyric fires hai
almost died out Tba new Soul
spca ku In novels, romances and abo
stories. The picturesque "slave timet
and the many romances attend*]
upon the footsteps ot the war God hi
furnished rich material and there hai
not been lacking heirs to claim tl
Thomas Nelson Page is perhaps get
orally recognised aa the leading nove
lat of tas South. He looks back upc
the days \>f his childhood as upon
golden age; a time of* regret colo!
bia pages, hut lt ls only the undylt
regret of middle age for a vanish?
youth. He touch OJ with tender har
the Ufa of a bygone time, and depic
with sympathy both tne master au
Joel Chandler Karris presents a di
feront aspect ot the old Southern tu
In his portrayal there ia no regvetrg
nea, hot a Keen sense of the pi
tarasque and a hopeful view of ti
tatar* He. better thea any ot?
writer, has embalmed the quaint nagi
lore, bequest from topic Africa to
Thomas Dixon gives yet another
phase of the dual life. He ls one of
the few Southern writers who is pure
rcaliHt. and the very Btrength, power
and truth of his books make them dis
agreeable reading, though a valuable
exposition of actual conditions and
portrayal of Southern life history.
Among romance writers who pre
sent true and charming pictures of life
snd ideals in Dixie are: Henry Still
well Edwards, Grace King, Virginia
Frayzer Boyle, Alice Hegan Rice,
Frances Boyd Calhoun, Will N. Har
ben, Ellen Glasgow, Henry Sydnor
Harrison, O. Henry, and indeed a list
that includes almost all the popular
novels of recent years.
South's Part Today.
With the triumphant emergence of
the South from the tempest of war
and the cyclone of reconstruction, the
great weight of slavery removed and
tlic isolation of plantation life a thing
of the past, the Southerner, who re
tains his optimism, hia love of rose
hued romance and flower laden atmos
phere, his warmth of feeling and ex
presi?n, his passionate patriotism and
loca* tendencies, combined "/Ith a
broader view of life, and a greater
catholicity of culture is reaching to
a purer literature, a nobler self and
Mr. Mable says, -in the widening
activity the South has borne a very
notable part; indeed it may be said,
it has borne the chief part." Also.
'The South of today has no explana
tions to make, her quota of writers
of original gift and genuine art ls
perhaps more important than that fur
nished by any other section of our
country. These writers exhibit cer
tain qualities of the Southern tempera
ment from which much may be ex
pected in the literature of the future.
Their work comes from the heart I
rather than from analytical faculties.
It ia made of flesh and blood and ls j
therefore simple, tender, humorous
and altogether human, and these quat- i
Rles give assurance thst lt hss long
life before it. The contributions of
the South today to American letters ls
so significant and so characteristic
that lt nhould be studied more care
fully as a whole."
In a short sketch of Southern lit
erature mention can not be made of a
boat of brilliant names, but enough
can be said to refute utterly the un
warranted assertion made in the 20th
century edition of the Encyclo
paedia Britannica, "Since the Revolu
tionary days, when Virginia was the
nurse of statesmen, the few thinkers
of America south of mason and
Dixon's line outnumbered by those
belonging to the single State of Massa
chusetts, have commonly migrated to
New York or Boston in search of uni
versity training., in the world of let
ters, at least, this South has shone by
reflection light, nor is it too much to
say the', mainly by their connection
with the North have the Carolinas
been saved from sinking to the level
ot Mexico or the Antilles."
Shades of Calhoun, of Timrod, of
Simms, ot Sass I Can ye aleep on In
your honored graves when the land of
your love and your allegiance lr. BO ?
But peace to your aahes! There are j
In the Carolinas anula still clothed In
flesh that are writing their names on
the scrolls of tame and who point
with pride to your shining like guid
ing stars before them.
Not yet, however, baa the South at
tained the height to which nhe ?va?l
ascend. With the coming of prosper
ity and universal education this won.
derful Southerner, whom nothing
daunts, who rises above adversity, not
with a sad or puritanical face, as one \
sternly pursuing duty through unut
terable woe, but with a rollicking j
laugh and a happy expression that I
finds the world good In spite ot hard
ship-this bright color-loving nature
shall mix the blue skies, the brilliant
flowers, the odorladen atmosphere of I
his native land into poetry, and shall
find sparkling romance in all the hills j
and valleys, the -swamps and forests
of the beautiful South, and the great j
American public shall recognise the \
worth and beauty of the Southern
contribution to "Ute literature of the
WHIRL IN WHEAT
May Option Goes to New High!
Record, $1.62, on the Chicago
(By AwocUted Pren.)
CHICAGO, Jau. SO.-Threatened en
largement of the war zone caused the I
greatest upward whirl yet In wheat, j
tho MSy option going to n new high
record, 91.52. Excited buying lifted
the market 4 cents a bushel above
yesterday's level at which many ner
vous traders were selling on vague
peace rumors. The close waa strong
at 2 1-2 to 31-2 above last night
Other net gains were: Corn 15-8 fol
15-8013-4; oats 1-2 to 1, provl-?ons
21-2 to 10.
Grain ?nd provisions closing:
July. 83 3-4
July.'.. .. 58 1-8
Cash gram: Wheat, No. 2 red,
11481-201621-2; No. 2 hard, ?1.49 1-2
DONT ABUSE YOUR EYES.
Dont read facing the light.
Hold the book on a level with tba
Dont read on a moving tra?a.
Dont read while yon rock.
Dont tax your eyes when yon ere
tired or hungry.
Dont try to read just ons miaute
more in th? dark.-New Tetra Toads.
Twenty-fire words or Ieee, One Tl
Six Times U.00.
All advertisement ever twenty-flv
word. Rates on 1,000 words to
No advertisement taken for lesa
If your name appears In the tels:
your want ad to 321 and a bill will
WANTED-Clean cotton rags. The In
telligencer Job Printing Depart
WANTED-To correspond, confi
dentially, with anyone de?!vious of
becoming permanently cured of the
morphine or whiskey habit. Tho
KEELBY INSTITUTE, COLUM
BIA, S. C. Box 75.
WANTED-The privilege to cure
tobacco users at home. $6.G? buys
the cure. Information if desired.
THE KEELEY IN8TITUTE, CO
LUMBIA, S. C., Box 75.
WANTED-You to buy your "Sunday
Goodies" from the Anderson Pure
Food CO.-Cakes. Pies, Cream
Puffs, Buns, Rolla, and "Aunt
Mary's Cream Bread. Store at
Anderson, Bakery's old stand on
WANTED-To sell cotton seed hulls
and meal. Prices right. B. N.
Wyatt, the |6 Coal Man. Phone
DEATH AT WALHALLA
Mr. Benjamin O'Kelly. Prominent Coe.
federate Veteran, Passes Away.
SpMtal to 'itu InulUcrnc*r.
WALHALLA, Jan. 30.-Last night at
his home three miles east of Walhalla,
Mr. Benjamin P. O'Kelly died after a
protracted illness of many months.
"Uncle Ben O'Kelly" aa he waa
familiarly called was well known and
liked by everybody. He waa a Con
federate veteran and was 91 yeera of
age. He leaves a wife, one son and
three daughters. His body will be lsid
to rest in the family burying ground
near hla home.
The Presbyterhin church ls nearly
completed, and vrhen finished will be
one of the most modern buildings in
tho county. It is well equipped with
Sunday school rooms, pastors study
and all conveniences.
Rev. Marvin B. Stokes and family ot
Korea are again In Walhalla and will
spend sevnrai weeks with Dr. and Mrs.
J. L. Stokes.
Mr. McAullffe of New York ls visit
ing his grandmother, Mrs. L. T. Sim
The "42 Club" met on Friday after
noon with Mrs. George Bloomner at
the home ot her daughter, Mrs. John
Miss Leda Poore, who has been
visiting her cousin. Miss Gertrude
Smith has returned to her home in
Miss Jennie Shorer of Anderson
was a recent visitor at the home of
Mrs. W. D. Moss.
Pray huger prayers;
Alono for thine and theo
God does not keep
His treasure-troves ot good.
For others ask,
And let the whole world be
? Thy Father's house,
Home of thy brotherhood.
Give larger gifts;
However poor thou art.
Thou hast some wealth
To keep or give away.
Thou canst at least
Some good or Joy impart,
And cheer thy fellow pilgrims
On their way.
Hope larger hopea
Thy heart life to expand;
The Father's heart ls large, '
And takes all In;
And he can save bis own
In every land.
Love thou and hap? that all
The Christ may win.
Lire larger life,
Stay not in narrow places;
Take a broad outlook
Over men and days.
O little seal, be great.
Show, sweeter graces;
Live, labor, love
Ia God's largest ways.
Une 26 cents, Three Tiznes BO cents,
a words prorate for each additional
be med in a month made on appli
L*xan SS cents, cash In tdvance.
phone directory yon can telephone
be malled after Ita Insertion tor
Neck or Polo Yokes, with strong
center pieces-Fifty Cents.
PAUL E. STEPHENS.
The Junior Pbilathea Class ot the
First Presbyterian Church will have a
Cake Sale at Owl Drug Company Sat
I HAVE FOR SALE several dosen
cans prime tomatoes at $1.00 per
dosen, string beans at $1.10 per
dozen, dessert peaches without
sugar at $1.16 per dozen, desert
peaches heavily sugared U-4 oound
sugar to can) $2.26 per doten, B.
WHEN UNEXPECTLY detained down
town tor luncheon, yo A cannot do
better than drop Ut hore. A light
lunch or a substantial meal. Cuisine
and service O. K. and prices just ss
attractive aa our food. The Lunch
PIKS FRUITS-We carry the largest
and most complete assortment ta
the city-keep 'em moving. Fr nh
Florida orange?, grape trait, ap
ples, banana?, wholesale and re
tail. J. K. Manoa. Phone 823.-dtf.
WE BUT PEAS and pay th? cask.
Forman Smith-Sesdman. Phone
FOR SALE-Garden seed from best
bulk stock at prices which are at
tractive. We make a specialty ot
the Seed business. You can nuke a
Home Garden cut your necessary
living expenses in half. Phone 494.
ruimtm 5m?h, Secu??i??.
FOB SALE-Two brood sews, on?
young pig; now registered, Berk
shire Bore. Price $46.00. T. B. Mar
tin, Lowndcsville, S. C., R. F. D.
' . ?
DO TOU ?TEAB Rosenberg's Clothes,
or just olothes? Spring styles have
arrived. Rosenberg, 'Tailor and
Cleaner. Phone 414.-1-28-tf,
LOST-Rear wagon gate ot wagon bed
and two 10 pound boxea of Red J.
Tobacco. Return or . notify^ T. Ni
Cromer, Iva R. 2.-l-30-2tp.
Hotel Clerk-I found that 'Not to be
used except In case of fire,' placard
which those college noys stolo out of
Manager-Where did you find it?
Clerk-They'd nailed lt up over the
coal bin.-Penn State Froth.
Use a Bula extra stoney to
good advantage just now?
Haven't yo? ?ornottifng te sell 7
Do yo? own ?omaUiing yon no
longer use, but which if offered
at a bargain price would np*
peal at once to ?orne one who
doa* need it 7
An INTELLIGENCER Want
Ad will turn the triefe.
PIEDMONT INSURANCE AGENCY I
See Me Fer |
Any and AU
j C. E. TR1BBLE, Manager ?
j Brown Building.