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VOLUME lt, NUMBER 19. " w>ctiy, Kdmhum IKCO; lmiiy j?n. ia, ?H. ANDERSON, S. C.WEDNESDAY MOR^^; fEBUARY ,3, .1015?, - nvk CJara
THRUST UPON Tl
GERMAN S OFFICER DYNA
MITES BRIDGE IN CANADA
AN AfT OF WAR
And Cannot Be Surrendered Leg
ally to an Enemy of the
(By As*oci?t<H| Ptns.)
VANCEBOHO, Maine. Feb.. 2.-An
other international problem incident
to thc war was thrust upon thq United
States today by the action of Werner
Van Horn, who, operating on tho
Canadian sido of the border, dynamit
ed tho raliway bridge ovor tho St.
Croix river, and then escaped. Into
A fow hours later in a room at a
huid here Van Horn submitted to ar
rest, but immediately proclaimed him
self an officer of tho German army
and set hp the claim that he had
committed an act of war and, having
fled to a neutral country, could not be
surrendered legally to an enemy of,
Tho Canadian authorities took a
different view of thri matter and Im
mediately instituted proceedings to
' extradite thc prisoner on u charge of
destruction of railroad property.
Pending the outcome of-these efforts
Van Horn is hold at tho Immigration
ofllco herc in custody or ? deputy
The bridge which Van Horn sought
to destroy was not greatly damaged.
; Within alow hours cara were shunted'
across ono at a time, tito passengers
walking over pu thc Ice. ny morn
The St. Croix river for some dis
tance forms tho boundary between
Malno and New Brunswick. The brid?t
is owned jointly by thc. Maine anV
Central and tho Canadian Pacific rail
ways and is on thc direct route of tho
Canadian Pacific from western Cana
da to the maritime provinces. Over
this road bave bees shipped large j
quantities of war materials for the
allies which were dispatched from St. I
./jim and Halifax.
According to the police, Van Horn,
a man of middle, agc, and of military
bearing, told them u-at ho loft Ger
many five years ago und for tho past
four yean; had been managing a
coffee plantation In Mexico. Recently
ho made unsuccessful attempts to re
turn to his native land.
Friday night Van Horn left New
York . city, arriving here Saturday
night aud staying at a hotel. That
same night by appointment he met at/
tho east end of the bridge a man un
known to' him. The man gave him a
satchel containing' dynamite.' Van
?Horn suspended tho satchel from thc
lstde of au end post of tho bridge and
about 2 o'clock thia morning discharg
ed the explosive.
Attorney General William R. Fut
tangall tonight ordered that Van Horn
be held until further 'orders. While
there wa? .no formal charge preferred
against him at first, arrangements
were made to havo a warrant Issued
if necessary in order ito make cer
tain his detention. J
Van Horn, the officials H tate, ?ould
bc charged wlth\damage to a railroad
bridge which 1B an extraditable of
fense or with damage to property on
the American side of the border where
windows were broken by tho-, explos
The attorney general of New Bruns
wick, J. t?. M. Baxter, telegraphed to
officials of the Canadian* Pacific Rall
way here asking them tormake a com
plaint against Van Horn Milch might
be the baslB for extradition proceed
ing to be begun forthwith. . Otu wa
was also advised of tho situation.
When Van Horn was searched the
"||". "1_J_ * - I-*--?-- Li_
Jv...mit, io iinro tyiinvi u\T*TII uiui
a drawing of thc bridge. He , has
steadfastly refused to explain this and
has denied that he knew tho Identity
'of the maa who supplied the dynamite.
The police are searching for this man,
but had found no trace of him tonight.
Mach Coalisent In Washington.
WASHINGTON. Feb., 2. -Applica
tion for the extradition ot Werner Van
Horn reached the British embassy
herc lato tonight and probably will
bo presented to the stale department
tomorrow. Officials of both tho em
bassy and the department declined to
dise?as the case, pending formal pro- 1
sentation of the application.
Secretary Bryan said he had heard
nothing about tho caso and of course
would not have anything to say until
it was beforo him officially.
Thora was much comment In official
circles upon the probability that Van
Hom would set np a claim ot immun
ity from extradition on the ground
that bis offense was . political, not
criminal. It was ?aid. however, that
?ven If such a claim were recognised,
the pt isoner probably would be pros
ecuted under the neutrality laws of
tbs United States.
1E UNITED STATES
Trade Balance for January in |
Favor of U. S. Greatest in Na
(Hy Aiuiwiatal Ticw.)
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2.-Thc IJIII
uncc of trado in favor of thc knited
Slates during January was tho great
est for any month in tho nation's his
tory. Rf turns today from 13 port?
which i.'lull1' 86 per cent, of thc
country':, total imports and exporta,
show a favorable advance from Jan
uary 2 to January 30. of $131,133,888,
Officials pointed out that a complete
report probably would materially in
crease that figure.
Exports for thc four weeks through
the 13 portB reporting were $238.
574.096. an average of $59,84:'.,r>~ J
week. Imports wore $107.440,208, an
average of $26.860,052 a week.
Thc week ended January 30 produc
ed a favorable balance of $35,901,535, ]
tho largest for any one week in more
than ten years. Exports totalled $63,
668.139 and imports $27,766.604.
Cotton exporten during tho week
ended January 30 amounted to 387,775
bales, making a total of 2,250,699 bales,
for tile last eight weeks.
Adopts Governor's Bili
?? RICHMOND, Va,, Fob. S>$?y a vote
of 60 to 38 tho house \>f delegates to
day adopted what Das become known'
as th? ".governor's bill," provlding-for;
the segregation of taxes on real fes-i
tate .and tangible personal properly
for local purpojjdll?iffifrjr'jjSfcTeSftll
the fc?*?n eu,' thu lulllUg'^jfBgWllW J
corporations operating railroads by'
steam, for State purposes. The fea
ture of tho present law levying a 10
cent tax on every $100 of the assessed
value of real estate and personal
property is retained.
Increase in Bread.
CHICAGO Feb., %.-A threatened I
increase from o to 6 cents a louf in j
bread prices, if it becomes effective, I
will cost consumers here about $10.
000 a day. an increase of $3.650.000 a I
year Frederick Fox, municipal li
brarian, today began an investigation
into tho expected increase.
' Agree to Pope's Proposil.
HOME Fob. 2.-(6:40 p .m.)-Ac
cording to reports in circulation at
tho Vatican Great Britain, Germany
and Austria have agreed to Pope
Benedict's proposal for an exchango
of civil prisoners-women and chil
dren and men above tte age ot 56.
137? Herman Jurists Killed.
BERNE. Switzerland, Feb. 2.-(via I
Parla, 5:30 p. m.)-Official statements
gWen out In Berlin today say 1,279
German jurists have been killed in
the war. The total is made up of six
professors, 275 judges, 240 lawyers,
334 assessors and 424 barristers
Operators and Miners Beach Agree?
CLEVELAND. O., Feb. 2.-Opera
tors, striking miners and federal con
dilators today agreed on a tentative
form of arbitration in the eastern
Ohio coal Held utfficultlcs. Details i
will bo worked Out tomorrow.
BRITISH FLEET ORDERED TO
(By AaMKiatfd Pm?.)
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2-Ambassa
dor Page at London cabled the state
department today that the British
?Te.et liad benn ordered to treat grain
and flour cargoes destined for Ger
1 many or Austria as conditional con
! traband, ?uhiert to sci sn re and con
fiscation. This step, the ' ambassador
j explain ntl. waa taken because Ger
I many had decreed confiscation of al'
ana Hour to conserve the na
t's food supply.
I Since the publication pf the.German
order, the ambassador hero, 'Count
van Bornstorff, has personally as
. sored the American government that
no foodstuffs imported from thc
United States or other neutral coun
tries would be seised by the German
I government and press dispatches have
I announced the Issuance of am odify
ing decree making such exemptions by
j the government.
Ambassador Page said Great Britain
I had agreed 'hat an exception would
( bs made In the ase of the steamship
Wilhelmina. now bound from New
j York for Hamburg with grain ?nd
I other food, because ?he had sallied
AT MEXICO CITY
Owners of More Than One HorscJ
Ordered to Sell Half of Them
(By Auuciatna Presa.)
WASHINGTON. Feb. 2.-State de
partment report? today said compara
tive quiet prevailed at Mexico (City.
Several of Carranza'a cabinet had
arrived from Vera Cruz lt was report
ed, and were considering removal of
their departments from Vera Cruz.
Street car service in thc capltul
had been Interrupted by Zapata forces
who had taken nnd still hold many
of thc cars.
General Obregon. Carranza leader,
.who had been In military command
of Mexico City, thc report said, had
gone to Vera Cruz to confer with Car
ranza and during his abseuoc Gcncrul
Benjamin Hill, recently in command
of tho Carranza forces at N&~5, Sono
ra, was ruling thc city.
AU persons except orcigners and
city coachmen, who own more than !
ono horse have been ordered by thc.
military authorities of thc capital to
sell one-half of them to the govern
ment on pnin of confiscation.
General Villa telegraphed the con
vention agency hero tonight that (lon- !
eral Tomas Crblna captured San Luis J
Potosi yesterday. Urbina's column is :
supposed to bo thc vanguard of tho j
Villa force marching on Tampico. ? J
No details wero given, though it
was Intimated that thc Carranza gar
rison had evacuated without a fight.
Urbina's force numbered about 5000
Food Scarr*- in Capital.
MEXICO CITY", Feb. 2.-Severo
fighting took place in tho suburb of
Tacubayo, near Chapultepec Castle,
and Xochimllco. Zapata forces,
everywhere ?vero driven back with
losses. Eleven officers and 73 men
In thc Zapata ranks arc saki to have !
been killed. Thc Constitutionalist j
losseu are reported insignificant. 1
Scarcity of food In thc capital has
brought about an acute situation. The
chamber of commerce lina collected
$600,000 aa part of a $1,000.000 fund
for tho purchaeo qiprovlsions to be
Jtfh'yi?naW>tiit **r> !
OF STATE DEBTS
UntD Some Provision b Made Re?
lative to Financial Program for
(By AworUlfd Preta.)
MONTGOMERY, Ain.. Feb. 2.-Gov
ernor Henderson today issued an or
der to State Treasurer Lancastor Im
me?! lately stopping the payment of |
salaries to members of the legislature,
State otll ce rs, judges, solicitors and
school teachers until some provision 1
ls made relative to a financial pro- !
gram for Alabama. !
Both branches of the ? legislatures I
have voted to recess aftor their
twentieth working day until July 13. 1
Today was the twelfth working day.
Tim governor is opposed to a recess
until measures to care for State in
debtedness, now past duo, arc consid
Fear Steamer Is Lost.
LONDON, Feb., 2.-(3:10* a. m.)
I Fears are expresed In Copenhagen,
says a dispatch to tho Exchange Tele
graph company, ' that tho Danish
steamship Marselisborg, from Pensa
cola December 15, and Norfolk De
cember 23. for Copenhagen, has been
lost by striking mines. Tho Marselis
borg is a vessol of 1,776 tons, with a
crew of 25.
TREAT GRAIN AND FLOUR AS
before the German decree was Issued.
Tho vessel would be seized, lt wa?
said, but Phc would bc released and
her cargo . purchased, at invoice price
by the British government. Warning
was given, however, that hereafter
similar shipments, an well ss thc ves
sels, would be t?elsed and. conflcated.
This announcement added a now
phase to negotiations that have been
In progress Intermittently slnco tho
beginning of the war in t^k*?d to the
right of neutral states to ship food to
belligerents. In a recent British note
lt was stated that it had been decided
hot to Interfere with such shipments
provided they wore intended for, non
combatants and not for the army or
government with .which England was
at war. It is intimated then, however,
that . exceptional conditions might
warrant some change in this plan.
Fanai Dead ta Bed.
J RICHMOND. Vs- Feh- 2.-8. F.
Clement, member ot the Virginia
house ot delegates from Plttsylvanta
County, waa found dead in his bed
here this morning. Death was due to
THE 9f BILI
SENATE LEAMft STRUG
GLING TO PREVENT
In Effort to Dfa*Jap*port From
O O O O ? o o ooo ?3w
o Wedge Every M??aflMa8$*crery. o
o WASHINGTON. VXfr, .2.- A pinn, o
o guarded will. Hie u y o
o was adopted by
o Democrats tuo .^^H^HHBHK!
o tonight, to break j
o to thc govcrnmentv^BBSurch^
o bill. Tho prog^mSi:
o liamentary muneu v !?it?
o bc actuated tonn
o in tho benatc,
o leaders of thc pa
o to bring support nKt*
o to offset Monday': .- o
o volt. o
o After reaching
o tin- caucus ;ulu;;?
o pledging every <n^|m
o cy. Senator iv
o the caucus, ann
o crecy, was nceeK Mw -ob- oj
o yious fcason th;'
o plans public mighty
o that Included In
o agreement to an
o' conform wit!;
>N. Wb. :2.-ETtraord^
nary efforts were sorted today and
tonight by administration Honato lead- ,
era to ?ave the ^;?vcrnmcnt shin tour-'
chase bill from threatened dcfedfiJOr
consignment ?9 n pigeon bolo for ima
session cr congress.
Up to late tonight thc Democratic
, majority struggling with the dilemma
bad disclosed nothing but tentativo
plans of nrocecdurc. These included
-preparations for revision, of the hill to
draw support from progressive Re
publicana and proposals designed to
win back al least six of the Roven
I Democrats who Joined the 'Republi
cans yesterday in an effort to send tho
mensure back to committee.
I Preliminary skirmishes at the capi
tol and White House were begun carly
In the day. President Wilson confer
? red with several progressif Republi
can senators regarding the bill. Thc
Democratic majority considered meth
I ods of proccedurc to regain its lo.-1
Iground and the Bevcn^ recalcitrant
Jno. Patterson Branch Dies nt HU
Home in Richmond, Va., Last
RICHMOND. Va.. Feb. 2.-John
Patterson Branch, veteran banker and
I philanthropist, died al his home in
thi.; city tonight at 8 o'clock. Ho bad
been in failing health for several
j weeks, although until recently hope
.was expressed for lila recovery. He
was president of the Merchant's Na
tional Bank and head of'tho firm of
, Tliomas Branch & Co., private bank
* ors. I?CP?MCS beifiK prominent in
' social and .business affairs,- ho wan
active in the work of Centenary
Met hod sit church ' and of bte Virginia
i When tho war between the States
broke out he enlisted tn the Con
federate anny and became first lieu
tenant in. tho 44ht Virginia bat ta
lon. He remained in tho service of his
State until the close of the war and
was at Appomattox, when General Lee
i Mr. Branch's . most conspicuous
monument in this city ls the system of
public baths which bear his name, and
xvnlch were made possible through bits
I At the time of. his death' ?io was a
trustee ot Randolph-Mac on College
; and for years waa; a trustee of tho
Virginia Methodist orphanage and of
i the Methodist Institute fer Christian
? Work In Richmond. He built and
'equipped the. Branch demi tory at
&fca Randolph-Macon College, Ash
land, as a memorial to his wife. He
was s a? 0ward and trustee of Cen
tenary Church and repeatedly was a
delegate to the annual fanerai con
Eyewitness Tells of Attacks Be
tween La Baasce Canal and
(By . AMocUled Prer
LONDON, Feb. 2.-Tho Germans
BUffcrod terrible losses lu uttcmpilng
to take British v-entrenchtnents, ac
cording to an account hy tho British
ofUcinl eye witness of two German at ?
ludo between tho La Bassee (.'anal
and tho Bethune road January itu.
In tho center, says tho report, our
inen; firmly established in thc brick
fields ga vd thc Germana a very" warm I
reception and the latter foll back,
leaving 50 dead in front of this polat
To tbo aouth of H..they temporarily
Gasped- possession o?' a *oia'l portion
ut one of our tronches, but immediate
ly were counter' attacked with thc
bnyortet and every nina in tho trench
ilted. Thc same thing . happen--d
clone tb the Bethune road where til?
Germane gained anutho?. of our
trenches only to bo buyoActted to ii
After, the fighting was over, the
pfftnilps dead, to tte estimated nem
ber of 200, \qy thick ni) along our li.ic
Ou? casualties worn t'.itht.
[>'?'. This attack, like tlioso delivered 'at"
Gtvcnchy .und ut Zohnoboke, ci? the
! 25th, wkft accost ly failure, ' resulting
only in A great waste ot life, lt was
! made by snmo throe huet!rsd nn ? in
[ the first Mn^ and three hundred moro
j In Klippert occupying thc trench va
? cntc-d hy the lirat'linc when it movrti
Vrlsoners say there were x?"
I Goes to England and Takes Oath
or Allegiance to Great
(By AMocUtol ri ess.)
SPAFJTANBURG, Pcb. 2.-Montague
M. Nicholls, of Spartanburg, who wen',
to P.ngland soon alter the outbreak of
j tho European war and enlisted In tho
British army, has taken tho oath ot
allegiance to Great Britain and been
promoted to the rank of second lieu
tenant in thc royal artillery. Th'.s in
formation was contained in n letter
received by his family today.
Until a year ago when he resigned,!
Nicholls was a cadet at the United!
States Nava* Academy and the star!
? quarterback oj! tho -Navy team of lol:'.."
He captained the team in thc Army
Navy game of that year.
Married last evonlng by thc Rev. SJ
W. Danncr. pastor of Bethel Methodist!
Church, at thc parsonage, Mr. lt. li.
Chappclior and Miss Sallie Patterson]
Mrs. Chappclior is the daughter of Mri
M. M. .Patterson, and an ni tractive*,
young welman who numbers her
friends by the score. Mr. ChappclicrJ
conducts a barber Bhop at he Andcr-f
son Milla and. is ? popular and oner
getic young man.
RIVERS REACH FLOOD STAG
(By Associated Prto*.)
One of the worst sotrras of the wln-l
ter is general from the middle west tel
thc middle Atlantic States, New FMK
land and throughout Canada. Rain
sleet, snow and wind have disrupter
raitfway traffic, hampered wiro com
municrrtlon and in somo section*
raised rivers to the flood point. Tin
weather man, however, holds om
h'>se of speedy relief, predicting that
.( ie storm probably will pass Wer'nos
I day. leaving generally fair weather in
There have been snowstorms in th?
northern tier of Stated and there rall
way traffic either has been almost sus
pended'or greatly retarded. One Chi
cago and Northwestern train, tilled
with passengers, was held in a huge
bank ot snow near Maribel, Wis.
from 10 o'clock Sun-.i?y until Tuesday
afternoon. Western Missouri, Ranna*
and southern Nebraska report that s
heavy snowstorm hns set In.
The middle weat many wires have
[been carried down sad a fall In tem
perature ta causing additional trouble
Price of Wbeat More Than Dou?
ble? Since European Hostili
<!?>. \me*i*u* rus?.}
; . .. ' -..-i, -.ii in
dar rose 8:M rents to ?1**65 a. bushel,
the highest In 17 yearn an? more Hum
doubl? tho price of epoj?'.cash lu July
before European hostilities began.
The marie has been exceeded only
twice since the civil v.ur. In 18D8,
whop Joseph lo iter p*id 11.8? and In
1888. w'oon $2, WAK OKUctod durlug the
Today lt'simply was A question or !
gettl&K the wheat, Buyers appeared |
\o\regard tho subject ot price
merely a detail. Excited; pUrchaeui
which begun ?; the opening, resch
-.lt*-.wildcat- pitch in the fttst iear?ml
Carollnn. Georgia, Missouri and Texas;!
Ho left a widow and Blx children.
i-'lxvini to Thc Ilit<-llj?rt:flT.
COLUMBIA, Feb. 2.-A majority un
favorable and a minority favorable re
port was mado by the police regula
tions committee of the senate tonight
on thc bill by Senator John F. Wil
liams giving tho people of Hie State
the right to pass un ino question of
regulating thc Bale of whiskey by high
license under constitutional restric
tions at a referendum on September
ltth. A majority favorable and a mi
nority unfavorable report was made
on thc house bill providing a referen
dum by the people of the State on Sep
tember 14th on the question of State
wide prohibition. Tho three who fav
ored the high license referendum were
Senators John F. Williams, Sharpe
A public hearing on those, bills
this afternoon developed largely Into
an academic discussion of prohibition.
Senator J. F. Williams made an argu
ment for his referendum on high li
cense. Mayor John P. Grace of Char
leston also wanted tho question of
high license included in tho referen
dum. Rev. R. C. Burts, pastor of-the
First Baptist church of Columbia, op
posed thc Williams bill and said it
would muddy tho question. Major
Daniel L. Sinkler of Charleston was
also present at thc bearing as was
Mr. D. W. Robinson of Columbia.
ES AND RAIN, SLEET AND
Wire communication from Chicago to
many points was difficult.
Northern and Western New York
and New England have been hit hard
and traffic of all kinds bas suffered
severely. Ogdcnsburg, N. ,Y., reports
that business there has been almost
entirely suspended by a gale and
drifting snow. Sleet and snow at
.R?chestci caused one of the worst
tie ups in the history of Interurban
traffic with that city. Massachusetts
and Connecticut points reported simi
lar tying up of traffic on electric
Tho Monongahela and Alleghaney
liver* have reached the flood stage as
the result of snow and rain. The low
lying sections of Pittsburgh are In
undated and trolley ead railroad traf'
ftc there were at a standstill Tuesday
night. Hundreds of families have left
their homes tn this, section and at.
points up the Allegheney. Many man
ufacturing pUnta located along these
rivers and the Ohio have }*een fore
ad ta cease operations temporarily.
"<g6ltt?R?VED ON FAO? '?v?t) "
DELIVER ATTACKS WINNING
ADVANTAGES ONLY TO
BE LOST AGAIN
A German Submarine Mafeea
Attempt to Sink British Hoi
pita! Ship. %
fl?y AuocfatUd JPre?.> ,'
LONDON'. Fob. 2 --Tho Germai
h?ve, been making desperate annr
iho last few days to break Yb? exten
ed detail ot k on tho eastern and
tem fronts, Ti.ey have delivered
series of attacks, always proceded, by
artillery activity, on tito allied lines in
preliminary advantage, before
^ghting was conclu*1.' :
British or Belgians hav^ reJcalh^
trenches temporarily lost, and in
cases have occuoied tho German
Preach offlcia! reports, tl
have Buffered ??wr? losses?
inna? artillery baa subject
lan Jjioattton* in Flanders* bo
ie ar Hv?ttf f*
?? ibrj' I8S3V
Marshal von Hindenburs 'mi
porate effort, which apparently la to
bo renewed to break through to War
saw and thus not only gain a great
military and political advantage for
Germany, but at the same time ral?ase
the pressure on Hungary and Bast
Prussln, in each of which region? the
Russian troop j are slowly ^?D?:??
The lighting west and southwest of
the Polish capital has been ot a des
perate character and the Germans at,
first were successful, but the Kassian
official report declares that tan Hns
slans by a. counter attack regained
most of the lost ground. The report
adds that the German losses ' were
The German official account t imply
says of tho fighting there;
A German submarine waa stilt- at
large in the English Channel yester
day and the French officially report
an attempt to torpedo the British hot
pi tu 1 ship Asturias. The German sub
marine U-21, which recently sank,
three steamers in the Irish Ssa. has
not boon seen since Sunday, and lt ls
presumed she han withdrawn. Trafile
in those waters, however, continues
somewhat restricted, ship owners pie-*
forrlng to keep In port all but Uta fast
steamers, which, It is believed, can
elude the submarines.
The Germans have issued a warn
ing that an attempt will ba made to
sink their transports and have advis
ed neut ral shipping to keep away
from the north and west coasts . of
Reports reaching Holland say the
new bread regulations in Germany
have caused so mnch unrest that
12,000 special constables hnv? baan
appointed to guard Berlin ba Varies, lt
is also said that following th* action
of the government tn commandeering
cereals, the military authorises ara
confiscating all utensils containing
metals useful for -their purposes It
ls recognized that these are rrecau
tlonary measures and ara dot dna to
any immediate shortage.
Copenhsgen newspapers have - a
Constantinople report that tba Anglo
French licet uss destroyed tour usr
danelles forts and that there ls a
panic In the Turkish capital, where
defeats suffered by the Tarka ia the
Caucasus and Azerbaijan aro jost be
With tho opening of the British par
liament today the political truce wai
renewed, The government white as
suming all responsibility for the war.
welcomed the opposition's support sod
the minister's announced they weald
readily .'?ply to all criticism and en
deavor to avoid controversial Blat
An indication of possible action by
Italy ls to be found la a notification
Issued to Italian reservists ia Knglsad
to prepare to join the colors.
New Nattsaal Banka.
-WASHINGTON. Feb. 2.-MoMe+n
pew natlonsl banks with capital ag
. gregatlng $737.000 wara aata*rtM4 ko
begin business during Jasar
comptroller of the eurreney .
today. On JanuargttL 7,?8 natl
banks were doing beatas*? %tt*
Kai nf ll ri rm ITU ni si iiiiiilaMHit
ctrcuation of $983,209,133.