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THE ANDERSON INTELLIGENCER
FOUNDED AUGUST 1, 1860.
140 Weit Whittier Street.
ANDERSON, S. C.
W. W. SMOAK. Editor and Bus. Mgr.
E. ADAMS.Managing Editor
L. M. GLENN.< ity Editor
PHELPS S A SSH BN.Advertising Manager
T. B. GODFREY.Circulation Manager.
Entereil an HCCOUd-claBS matter April 28, 1914, at
thc post office at Auderaon, South Carolina, under
the Act of Murch 3, 1S79._
Mem her of Associated Press and Receiving Corn
il lete Dally Telegraphic Service._
Editorial and business Office.321
Job Printing. ..C93-L
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to The Anderson Intelligencer.
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O (. O ll I? O O O O O O o
o THOUGHT FOR THF BAY. o
O O 0 O O O O O O O O O o o o O 0 o o o o o o o o o u ?
"A-word is but a breath of air,
'Tis heard or spoken without care!
Yet words in fierce profusion hurled
Upset the history of the world."
THE wt: AT ii i; H.
Soul li Carolina: Fair Saturday and Sunday, cold
Something not to worry about-thc weather.
If tho English get hold, of Werner Horn he will
get tho hook.
Wonder if Werner Horn will blow about
?'.hat he has done.
A dispatch says Greece Is mobilizing. They should
guard against a slip up. s
Ought Germany Be Humbled By War? asks a
Icu Mine. Foolish question.
Villa proclaims himself president., of Mexico.
Proving it is another thing, old man.
When- a count tells an heiress he can't live with
out her, tho gink ls speaking the truth.
We hope Jup. Plavins will stick arouud until we
have that bond election for street paving.
Do you seo anyone's "Italian hand" pulling tho
airings around the office of the attorney general?
Prof. Arctomys Monax. sometimes referred to as
'Ground Hog, hasn't been proven an. absolute Uar
i A mau named Haliday committed suicide In Jail
y at Hartsvllle. One vacation from which he will not
A merchant in a North Carolina town named j
; Balm bas failed. Tho cerdltors will find little balm
in that . I
A big water tank ls to bo erected In Spartanburg.
Folk over there must bc getting ready to Install |
fe bath tubs.
Cold and Sllvi-r aro Very Scant In Alsace-Hcad-|
line. First intimation we havo had that we'ro llv
f lng in Alsace.
We have worried so much about thc weather and
Hg it has d?nn so little good we've Just decided to not |
worry any more.
An appropriation of $500 for agricultural work in
ge Anderson County ls a wise Investment on the part |
of the delegation.
If lt will bo of any comfort to those magistrates I
?Basho lost out on reappointment, wo will say that lt j
^i.Ja all In the game.
i:>;- "Bo Sellers, Not BuycrB." advises an editor. Most I
of us would have to buy something before we would |
have anything for Bale.
p; . April 9 has boen designated as "bird day" In !
South Carolina. Unless a goose ls in that class]
? some folks will bo slighted.
Bj*-The more shell fire our brethren across the pond
Indulge in now the more of fha* kind spelled with- |
but the *'s" they will receive hereafter.
With Editor James H. Moore and Rev. Len G.
Broughton both tn Knoxville, we venture to predict ]
. there'll be warm times In that quarter some day.
Farmers In Anderson County got together-not In
person but by agreement-and dragged fifteen miles
ot road. That's good community spirit.-Newberry
W o are sorry for tits magistrates who -yere not
recommended tor reappointment, but then lt ls best
io have been a ledge and lost tban never to have
been a ledge at all. ;\* . '
'?fisF-f ' ' <?<?"<>
A dispatch says the lower house has killed .the
land commission bill. That must have been The
State s "landschaftabund" bill spoken of some days
Might hove known a MU with thnt name
oonUin't hAVP cot ion by.
The Retired Farmer
HY ELBERT III'BB A RU.
Of all the mental misery that comes to mortals I
know nothing quite so tragic as Hutt of thc retired
fanner -and the people who have to live with him.
(Jet enough retired farmers in a town and they
will start a melancholia shop.
A prosperous farming community seems hound to
produce a few of these malcontents. Thc very beau
ty and fertility of the soil make it possible for a
man to save up a little money, move t i town and
live a life of gossip and growl.
A fariner who farms is line, hut a retired larmer
The town to avoid is the town made up of re
In years agouc I used to hear men say, "I intend
to make my pile and retire from business and enjoy
I am glud to know that anyone today who makes
this remark ls regarded as hooked for the bughouse.
The man who does not enjoy himself in his busi
ness will never know what happiness ls.
The limit of rest is very soon reached, and then
misery follows fast.
Well did Iago wail: "My occupation! My occu
When your occupation 1? gon?'. you lind better
throw your cosmic grlpsuck overboard and Jump
overboard after it.
Lack of occupation is not rest; a mind quite idle
is a mind distressed.
We must arrange our work so BE to get a little
rest every day. But toe much rest is almost as
had as too much food. The Idea of devoting the
balance of your lifo to rest is a beckon for Charon's
. . *
Retired farmers arc a blot, and a blight on the
civic prospects of any town.
The farmer works hard until he is 50. 55 or GO.
He han a few thousand dollars in the bank. Thc
mortgage has been cleared off. He has an oppor
tunity to rent his place. ??. his children will man
age lt for him. He buys a house in town, turns his
farra over to the boys or to renters and looks for
ward to a long life of leisurely enjoyment.
His habit to life ls to be up at 5 o'clock in the
morning, feed horses, pigs, cattle and chickens, do
ing his chores, looking after a great number of de
tails that have to have his personal attention.
Tired and worn with this multiplicity of things
to look after, he decides lo throw up the whole Job,
and he does.
Now he can get up any time that he wishes. He
can Ile abed until noon. There are no chores, no
responsibilities, no horses unfed, no cattle moon*
lng for him to come and minister to them. -His
occupation ls gone.
His soul becomes corroded with discontent.
He wanders around from the grocery to the post
office, then to the blacksmith shop.
TI? stops and masticates the textiles. But the joy
has gone out of life and his existence becomes one
gradual, growing growl.
Luckily for the world, such men do not last long.
The man who huts is the man who sticks to his
WE hi.O; LD RA ?Sc i'LENTY Or' FOODSTUFFS.
If the farmers of the South needed a lesson re
garding diversification of crops, or the raising ot
foodstuffs, the present situation should be sufficient.
Hero we have an overproduction of cotton, with
a resultant low price, and a terrible European war,
which necessitates our feeding not only the non
combatants but the very armies of these nations at
war. This has already ruo the prices of foodstuffs
up almost out of reach of the laboring classes.
And if the war ceased today, the United States
Would have to feed these people for a year, or more
until they, could . get their affairs adjusted suf
ficiently to enable them to prepare their crops,
plant, and harvest them.
Remember this-that if the war stopped today,
this country would have to feed them for another
year at least.. .
And if the prices of foodstuffs continue to rise,
what will the non-producer of foodstuffs do about
meeting tho high prices of the necessities of Ute,
unless the government places a limit to the prices
to be charged In this country.
The moral for the farmers of this section ls tb
raise as large a crop of foodstuffs as ls possible,
putting in every acre available.
TO HELP SOUTH CAROLINA'S ILLITERATES.
Judging by the reports which reach us from Co
lumbia, we are fearful that the Swcaringcn county
unit compulsory education bill may not become a
law at this session of the legislature.
There, semes co bo q?ii? m n umlief r-Z d Iff or rut
plans for strfraplng out illiteracy, and lt the law
makers could settle on soy on? plan, no doubt it
would pass easily : but if the friends of education In
the legislature fall out among themselves aa to the
beat means Of accomplishing their, object and be
come divided, ute enemies of compulsory education
will defeat the bill Just as certain as day-follows
With South Carolina standing next to the bottom
tn the list of States In illiteracy, lt would bs a cry
ing shame for this Swearlngen county unit bill to
tsil to pass. This law gives each county the right
to decide whether they want compulsory education
In th*lr county or not,-and that to our mind appears
' From the latest figures obtainable, there are only
F/FTBRN illiterate children to each thousand chil
dren tn the United States, but In this State it ls es
timated that at the present time there are EIGHTY
FIVE: Illiterate children out of every thousand chil
dren ot school age.
Do you wish to help the eaut<? of these Illiterate
children? . \
lt so, write or wire your representative and sena
tor TODAY, asking them not only to vote for the
Swearlngen bill, but to WORK for lt until it ls pas
mm^i^i - . . .
TUT F A KM DEMONSTRATION AGENT.
The county adviser, county Agent, ur farm bureau
movement as it is variously called ls receiving wide
spread attention throughout the United States and
Canada nd thc prestige it now has and the prog
ress lt <s making indicates it will only be a ?hort
time until every county in the country will be af
fected by it. There are now 214 county advisers In
the Northern States. There are AW in the province
( f Ontario willie in the South in a different form
county men are working in nearly 800 counties. It
ls worthy of note that no county with a farmers or
ganization back of lt has dispensed with the cer
vices of a man, once one has been employed.
The forerunner of this movement can be traced
back ten years to a few counties in Texas and
Louisiana where men were.employ.ed to teach bet
ter methods of farming in the face of boll weevil
conditions. Although this work was kindergarten
In its nature ns compared with that being done by
the county men In Illinois, lt has been productive of
much good. With the support of the federal gov
ernment, the general educational board and the local
people, lt spread throughout the South until now
most count ?es have county agents. Alabama with one
hundred and two counties has one hundred and two
county men. The men flr3t used In the South were
usually prnctlcal farmers with an ordinary educa
tion, who carried to the farmers the lines of work
planned by the leaders of the'demonstration work.
This work consisted in giving instructions and mak
ing demonstrations in growing acre plot3 of corn,
cotton or other crops. As the movement progressed
from "year to year, other lines were takeb up and as
far as possible better men werg secured. Now in
many cases well trained college men with wide
experience in agriculture are being employed and
tho work is being placed on the highest possible
plane as fast as it is feasible to do so.
1 The county work in the east had Us beginning
1 in Bedford County, Pennsylvania in 190G. A. B.
ROSB cooperated with about 65 farmers for three,
j years doing this entirely at his own expense. Or
March 1, 1910. he was employed by the office ol
I farm management as an experiment to find out
what effect such a man would have on agricultural
conditions. On the first of July 1910, he was co
operating with 218 farmers and a year later with
741 farmers. Most of his preliminary work was
done in Bedford County, tnt extended Into all ad
joining counties. .
Following thc appointment of Mr. Ross In Bed
ford County, the work had Us next development In
Broome County. New York and from those two
counties, it has spread throughout the Northern
A county should he fully prepared before placing
a man In the field. Much trouble will be avoided
if this policy ls pursued. The work should be
planned for at least three years. One-year's time ls
too short to make a fair trial. By thu end of three
years, it well handled, the results will be such it
will have established itself with the, people.
The adviser should be a college trained man or
its equivalent with thorough practical experience
in farming and of good personality. The simply of
such men ls not over abundant. These men should
nave training In soils, as soil fertility is fundamen
tal lo successful iui iuing. To carry the work
farthest, an adviser should have training in both
solis ?nd livestock or some other line adapted to
the agriculture of tho county.
Tho work should be planned to meet the most im
portant problems within a county, i < When ques
tioned as to what these problems are,' farmers have
included the following In their replies: Soil fer
tility: higher yields of crops; hov.' to make a suc
cess of alfalfa; smut tn grains; Increased produc
tion from cows; hog cholera; bow to prevent fail
ures of red clover; how to organise .the farm to
make lt pay better; what crops,to grow when clover
falls and bow; what kind of machinery to buy for
certain purposes;, when ls a silo needed and what
kind; what to do with the farm orchard; sweet
clover gro-.'tng; what crops to grow' and In what
proportions in a given system of livestock farming;
how to tile drain a marsh; how to grow vetch on
sandy land; how to market the crops better; the
tenant question; poor labor conditions; what type
of farming to follow; how to grow clover seed; in
sect injuries; better roads; what to do with billy
land; how'to feed livestock; etc.
These and many others serve to show, the pres
sing needs. AB a solution to some of these problems
there ls information in South Carolina which If ap
plied would not only keep the soils from wearing
out but would In most essen Increase the fertility.
It would practically double the average yield of
cotton, corn. oats, wheat and clover;'lt would put
successful fields of alfalfa on the greater percent
age of farms; lt would produce much better seed
and eliminate the smut In grains; lt would Increase
the production and profit of cows; lt would elimi
nate 90 per cent of the losses from hog cholera; lt
would Increase the certainty of red clover, and give
a hotter need crop; it would syrtematize the farm
in auch a way the labor, stock and machinery would
be better utilized, thereby Increasing the profits, te
would enable farmers to grow soy beano and cow
peas when clover falls; so on down the Hst, there is
Information available which if ?nnu*d would mean
Immense profits to thc farmers.
Ono of the chief functions of the adviser 1ft to
bring this Information to the farmer in workable
form He himself gets the facts from hts practical
experience In- farming,' his college training, the de
partment of agriculture, the experiment stations,
his contact with the farmers, and varions other
sources. He Is tot supposed to know it all, how
ever. Ho musv frequently call on the department
of agriculture and the experiment stations, and
when there ure important problems he cannot
handle, it is his business to put the specialist and
the farmer In touch with each ether. He must also
aid in'directing agricultural movements, such as
alfalfa campaigns, organis?tes to control hog
cholera and others.
The above ls a brief summary of the work which
ls being done by farm demonstration agents, and
which Anderson County needs. - This ls oar reason
fer being so Insistent thai ocr legislative delega,
tien provide means for supplying this county with
tho services of such a mah as W. t>. Garrison.
(CONTINUED PROM PAGE ONE.)
gresslve Republicans, for support in
Few of the Democratic leaders have
now much hope of breaking the Re
publican filibuster, however, and
there were many rumors today that
the bili might he laid aside after
another week of strenuous efforts to
pass it and appropriation measures
Today tho senate was enlivened oy
speeches of insurgent and regular
Democrats rehearsing the revolt over
the bill. Senators Hardwick and Var
daman defended their positions in
revolting, and assailed Senator Stone
for his attack on them. Senator
James again criticised Xhe insurgent
Democrats, particularly arraigning lita
colleague, Senator Camden,
"The senator from Mississippi, Mr.
Vp'-iaman, declares, we wen? to the
Republicans as well as they." said
Senator James. "There are two kinds
I of Republicans. The difference is
that you went to the standpatters
while we went to the Progressives for
aid, but not until, like a shot from a
submtir?ue, you fired upon our party.
"The senator from Kentucky, my
colleague, maintain is pledged to
support this bill, and I wish he would
[come back to his party. I am wlll
[ lng to put my arms around bim and
pray with him to get back into the
Senator James read from a cam
paign speech by Senator Camden in
which the latter was quoted as say
ing that, if elected, he would "uphold
the hands of President Wilson."
"What the senator from Kentucky
imean't, it now seems," Senator James
i asserted, "was that he would hold up
I the president's hands while the Re
publican party tied them."
Senator James also read from a
speech made by Mr. Hardwick last
year when he was a member of the
'house. The speech was aimed, Seua
I tor James said, nt Speaker Clark, who
opposed the administration's effort to
pass the Panama Canal tolls repeal,
?and Mr. Hardwick addressed hirascl?
i to "those wbo had deserted the ad
ministration," declaring they had
I "stabbed tho party in the back."
Senator James asked the Republi- ;
I cans when their sudden fear that
President Wilson would thrust the
country into war had come to them.
For two years, he said, Repuhlcan
senators had attacked the president
because of his policy of watchful
waiting in Mexico. President Wilson,
he said, waa the greatest advocate
of peace, "since the Prince ot Peace
was on earth."
"It's not a war between man and
man that you fear," he said, "but
var on the confiscatory rates charg
ed by the shipping combine upou
EYES OF WORLD
NOW ON WARSAW
(CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE.)
mans alternate with those of- the
Russians under an artillery fire whose
violence has never been exceeded.
In the-meantime the Russian" are
making slow progress in East Prus
sia and are withstanding J the at
attempts of the Austro-German forces
to take the offensive on the River
Nlda in southern Poland and on the
Dunajec River in Galicia. The Aus
trians admit the loss of Tarnow,
Galicia, an important center, Russian
possession' of which insures the'main
line of communications tn Western
In the midst of the .snows of thu
Carpathians the two armies still arc
contending for tbe passes which lead
In.o Hungary. The Austro-Oernian
forces drove the Russians back from]
the passes which they had occupied
on their extreme right west of Dukla
Pass, but elsewhere the Russians
claim to he making progress, or, ot
any rate, to be holding their own.
Artillery engagements and a few
small Infantry attacks make up the
sum of the operations In the west.
There ?re indication? hpwever. that
tho Allies are preparing- the way for
an offensive In the Arras region,
wbere their artillery bas been busy
and where they have captured Ger
man trenches. Ian the Argonne re
gion, too. the French claim to have
improved their position.
The failure of the Turks in their
preliminary attack on the Sues Canal
gives sstisfaction to England, as lt
is felt that territorial and AUstral
aslon troops engaged thera hav* prov
ed their metal. Military men .express
the belief that the Turkish attack was
in the nature of a feeler and that an
organised ws&uK will ?.? delivered
when the Turks collect their, malu
strength within striking distance. Cor
respondents ot Csiro say that a wann
reception awaits lt from the ?hips and
trGe?nany's threatened submarine
i.tfcVodA of England and Ireland still
occupies the public both here and in
neutral countries auch as Holland and
Scandinavia, which bave ?~P?r *?1
Hh'PPtag interests. It Is being tak
en calmly by ship owner?, wha arel
?roiTsed'that. the aimlralty-will, wk?
steps to contenu* lt and art reorind
ed that K lt were possible the Ger
mans before this would have s?u?k
transports taking troops to France |
. ..' WINTKR iHrtTBMSS WO?K
In summer tho work of elimli iting
poisons and acids from the Mood ls
helped by perspiration. In cold weath
er with little out door work or exer
cise to cause sweating, the kinney?
have to do double work. Foley Kid
ney Pill* help overworked, weak and
diseased kidneys to filter and cast out
ot the blood the waste matter that
cantos pains lo aide? or back, rheu
matism, lumbago, stiffness ot joint?.
sore m?Vdea ?nd other Ills resulting
from Improper elimination.
.shippers But Little Alarmed and \
Steamships Between Nei
(By Associatnl Pre??.)
LONDON. Feb. 6-While theGernian
threat of a blockade had created a
great wave of indignation among the
newspapers and the public, it is re
garded hy many high officials as a
bluff; It I? claimed that with her small
number of war vessels, Germany can
not make the blockade effective and it
is argued that bad Germany been able
to Interfere with British transports
oarrying troops to France she already
would have done so.
Shippers appear to feel little alarm.
At Lloyd's underwriters viewed the
threat calmly and made little change
in the war risk rates.
Inquiries at Liverpool. Glasgow and
otber ports show that no change in
contemplated in sailing schedules,
most o? the companies saying Jt ls
their intention to carry on business as
usual unless stopped by admiralty or
-Great interest ls shown in' the ques
tion of how neutral countries will
view the threat and extensive extracts
from comments in American and other
newspapers are published here.
Little Effect on Shipping.
THE HAGUE, Feb. 5.-(via London.
11:30 p. m.)-Although Germany's
notice concerning the danger to mer
chant shipping in British waters has
not called out much comment In the
Dutch press, diplomats and business
men are discussing it With animation.
In shipping circles it ls declared
that the notice will have slight effect
on Dutch vessels, most of which are
expected to continue their voyage ac
cording to schedule, although' some
ships may take the risks, especially
liners engaged in East Indian traffic,
which would be greatly inconvenienc
ed it compelled to abandon their ori
In diplomatic and other circles the
view is expressed that thc notice is
ABANDON UNION STATION
CINCINNATI. O., Feb. 5.-Railroads
entering Cincinnati prepared tonight
to abandon the Union station tomor
row . because of a predicted flood
stage of 55 feet. Passenger traffic
will be handled through suburban sta
tions, bnt fHeight movements will not
be interfered with seriously.
Thirty-eight coal barges, mest of
them loaded, tore from their moor
ings today and were swept down the
flooded Ohio. The government snag
boat E. A. Woodruff and several shan
ty boats -were caught by the barges
and swept before them. Some of Gie
shanty boats sank and their men and
women occupants had ' narrow es
capea. ' >;..:
Highest in Half Century.
LONDON. Feb. 5.-Wheat sold at 60
shillings a quarter on the Lincoln
corn market .today, the highest price
In upwards of half a century.
Has Csed Chamberlain's Cough Re
medy for 20 Tears.
"Chamberlain's Cough Remedy bas
been used In my household ? for the
past twenty years. I began giving lt
to my children when /they were small.
As a quick relief for cioup, whooping
cough, and ordinary colds, lt has no
equal. Being free from opium and
other harmful drugs, I never felt
afraid to give lt to the children. I
have recommended lt to a large num
ber of friends and neighbors, who
have used lt and speak highly of lt,"
writes Mrs. Mary Minke, Short s vii le,
N, Y. Obtainable everywhere.
rVUl Not Affect Movements of
ft York and British ?nd
aimed principally at Teasels carrying
supplies from America, whose con
stant arrival with cargoes from coun
tries allied against Germany ls said
to have aroused the greatest indigna
tion in that country.
The Dutch government thus far has
declined to express an opinion.
" Possibilities of Serious Risk.
NEW YORK. Feb.. 5.-Representa
tives of shipping companies expressed
belief today that the German admiral
ty communication declaring waters
around Great Britain and Ireland, In
cluding the entire English Channel,
a war zone after February 18, would
not affect movements of steamships
between New York and British and
French, ports. Some agent* admitted
there was a possibility of serious risk,
but no one was inclined to believe
there was anything to call for diplo
matic action by neutral governments.
Germany Mest be Punished.
LONDON. Feb. 5.-The Dally Tele
graph in an editorial today considers
Germany's declaration of the waters
around Great Britain and Ireland and
the coast ot France and The Nether
lands as naval war zones to be proof
of the economical pressure the Brit
ish fleet is exercising and that "the
German ship of state is on its beam
"We could, of course," says The
Dally Telegraph, "make reprisais, for
we possess twice as many under-wat
er craft as Germany; but we could
not descend to such a depth of In
famy. The German proclamation con
sists of empty words, but lt ls self
revealing and Germany must be .pun
ished for this threat of frightfulness.
We >'.re convinced that any action In
this direction the British government,
for and on behm! of the Allies, may
take, will receive the support of the
NEW HIGH RECORD
MADE IN WHEAT
May Option Climbs to $1.67
Something Like Selling Stun,
(By Associated Fus?.)
CHICAGO, Feb. 5,-Wheat advanced
swiftly today to a new! high record
war price. It only took a brief'time
for the May option to reach 81.68 1-2,
a jump of 2 8-8 cents compared with
last'night The pr?viou? top notch
quotation was on February 3 -SI 66.
Most of the trading today, however,
was in July delivery, tn which tho
upturn was not quite so radical.
Something like a selling stampede
ensued after May wheat BM climbed
to SI.67. Seaboard offers to resell
wheat in Chicago surprised hulls and
there was also an element ot de
pression in the fact ihat corn was
cot keeping pace upward- with wheat.
The result was a sudden drop ot more
than ". cents from top figures attained
Ordered te Watch For Johnson.
EL PASO, Tex.. Fib. 5 -Immigra
tion authorities along the Internation
al border have received instructions
from Washington to watch for Jack
Johnson, the negro pugilist, and to
apprehend him should be attempt to
pass through the United States to
Juarez, where he la expected tn fight
Jess Willard March 6.
HAZEL DAWN in
"ONE OF OUR GIRLS"
Open at 10:30 A. M.
EVERY DAY A PARAMOUNT FEATURE
"if you owned a Goose that laid golden
eggs? wouldn't you insure her if you
MUTUAL BENEFIT LIFE INSURANCE
M. M. MATTISON, General Agent,
C. W. WEBB, District Agent
J. J. TROWBRIDGE, Special Agent