Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
WITH FORCES OF THREE
Arc Now Defending Positions
Won in East Prussia and
(hy A.iwciit*! Prow.)
LONDON, Fob. H.-Battle 1H fol
lowing battle on tho eastern from,
wiiT?rT? Russia, singlehanded, is fight
ing the forces ot Germany. Austria
and Turkey. The Kassians have held
their lines against Field Marshal von
Hindenburg's army, which /attempted ,
last wo?k to break through to War
saw, and apparently have checked the ?
Austro-Germ?n offensive lu the ]
Carpathians. They are now defending j
positions they won lu East Prussia (
und northern Poland.
Thc Germans are transferring men i
and guns to the East Prussian bor
der and on the right bank of the lower
Vistuln, where thotr advance has
brought them In tho -district of Sler
pce, which the Russians occupied a
short time ugo.
No Change In the Carpathians.
It ls .impossible to say where the
next big battle will take place Crand
Duke Nicholas, with whom the ini
tiative remains, may either strike be
twoen Tilsit and Interburg. In East
Prussia, or threaten to cut l'on Hin
d(!uburg> communication!; with
ThorrKby a movement along Hie
No further chango ls noted'In the
Carpathians, but the Austrian official
report, which complains of tho obsta
cle of snow and of tho strong pres
sure of tho Jtusidans, suggests that
While the Autro-Gcrman force in
tho castorh' part of the rarige seems
.to have been strong : enough to com
pel the Russians' to' retire from
Bukowina, the Russians appear, af
ter Ute tierce battles ot gumley last,
to hare almost complote command of
the middle and western poHlmss of
Calm. Along Western front,
liv ce pt for a somewhat more Ho
vero engagement than UBuai in thc
Argonne And another In Alsace, In
which the Gormans claim to have
been successful, although the French
say' that they have regained the
ground temporarily given up, the calm
contlnucH along, tho western front.
In the meantime the powers en
gaged In the war aro putting their
houses in order for a continuation of
tho war. The German emperor has
returned from the eastern front to
' Berlin to confer with his generals,
including Von Molt ko, who was re
tired after the first stages of the war.
Another Big War Loan.
Financial experts' tn Berlin are
. reported to be arranging tb float an
other Internal loan of 51,260,OoO,000.
It lu eald that Russia also contem
plates floating an internal loan ot
High Cost! of Living.
In England the increased cost of
1 living occupies the attention' of the
K gbVernm mt . and'. while Premier As
quith ha? deolined to assent to the
fixing or maximum prices, steps are
hoing taken to Improve the situation.
The government, too,' is considering
means to carry on a more stringent
campaign against German trade.
German Hobmartne Appear.
A German submarine again has ap
peared off the coast of Holland, where
lt attempted to torpedo the British
steamer Laertes, which, when ordered j
to stop, hoisted the < Dutch, flag. A
torpedo fired. by the submarine, ac
cording to on.e report, passed HIOUK
the steamer's side as ?ho slipped away
ht fuitrSpeed and the submarine sent
a sholl after her.
Winthrop Will lise
(Br AtaodaMd mw.)
GREENVILLE, feh^ IL- Winthrop
College, the South Carolina normal
school for women located , at Rock
Hill, will use cotton goode for the
spring uniforms et the students, ac
cording to a letter receive'! k-pre ,t?~
da*-'. which announced ?bat ft local
mill would be awarded the contract.
Three thousand yards of pure white
goods will be used.
tiree* Britain'* Fina! Reply.
LONDON. Feb. ll.-(6:30 p m.)*
The final :eply of tb? British govern
ment to the American protest against
detention of , neutral cargoes was
started today by the foreign office' on
its, way to Washington.
GREAT BRITAIN HAS
THREATENED TO SEIZE
WILL BE TAKEN
TO A PRIZE COURT
State Department Officials Will
Watch Her Progress Across
(Hy Auoclaled Tresa.)
NORFOLK. Va.. Feb. IL-The
American steamer Dacia lina 11/ sail
ed today with her cargo of cotton for
Germany, which goes via Rotterdam.
Great Britain has threatened to
eclzu thc ship, questioning her trans
fer from German registry and she al
ready has hean thc subject of diplo
matic correspondence between thu
United Statej and Great BrKaln. It
generally is expected a British cruiser
will take her somewhere before she
arrives In European waters, and that
Che caso will be fought out in a prise
Will Watch Progress.
WASHINGTON, Feb., ll-State de
partment uliiciala will observe the
progress of the Dacia across the At
lantic, content, in the event of her
Seizure, to have the Issue of her trans
fer of regjstry come before a prize
While the Brit lah admiralty has an
nounced it would regard the Dacia as
a prize, there is no question about
her cargo. That, it wa*, said, would
be forwarded to its destination with
out expense to the owners, or pur
chased by Great Britain.
State department officials say they
have satisfied themselves of thc gen
uineness ot thc Dacia's sale, having
seen the certified checks given by Ed
ward M. Hrcitung, the purchaser, to
the Hamburg-American _ Steamship
W?MttS lUhM shtSiWad
verstly on the validity of the sale, it
would form tho Msis fur further ne
gotiations between tho 'United Stales
and Great Britain. That probably
would involve the Declaration of Lon
don-the International agreement gov
erning prizes in naval warfare-over
which questions of Interpretation have
arisen since the outbreak c* hcsU.i
THE CARGO OF
British Authorities Arrest Wilhel
mina Which Will Go to Prize
(Dy Amorlat-d Prc.-*.)
FALMOUTH. Feb .11.-(via London,
1:58. p. m.)-Tho cargo of the Ameri
can st earner Wilhelmina was seized
by British authorities here today, in
accordance with the decision of the
foreign office. Tho cargo ia to go to
a prize court.
WASHINGTON. Feb. li.-The
state department lias conclndod the
Wilhelmina case must be allowed to
take a normal course, which -nvolves
going to a prize court, because of the
Issue raised by the British contention
that Germany has Justified seizure of
the cargo by its decree appropriating,
the home grain supply.
The St. Louis commission house
owning the cargo and perhaps the
Wilhelmina's owners will be' repre
sented by counsel before the court
but the state depart .lent will content
itseir at present by instructing the
Amerkari ambassador at London to
observe thc progress of the case care- J
NEW YORK. Feb. !L-Xorvin R.
Lindholm, ot counrel for the Wilhel
mina's carao owners, said today he
had received assurances from the
state department that, in the event the
Engliso prize court decisions is "in
the judgment of our government not
supported by evidence or' warranted
hy our construction of the law our
government will make protest."
* - ?"
(Jly At*ocLtt-(l PIM.)
BRUDGEBURG, Ont., Feb. H.
Military guarde were stationed today
At tho Canadian end of the Interna
t'.csal bridge here to prevent any at
tempt to wreck the structure. Rail
roads were notified bridge passes wilt
not he respected. Employes must be
Identified to avoid arrest.
NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y.. Feb; ll -
The Canadian ends of the two Intor
national bridges between this city and
Niagara Falls. Ontario, were placed
ander military guard today as a pre
Uncle Sam's E
Thlo enormous rlfte. believed to be
the largest single piece of armor ever
mude, ls being ..hipped by the United
Slates government to protect the
Stars and Stripes I
Grave Concern a:
(fy A-umciHwl PiriuO
WASHINGTON, Feb. IL-Publica
tion tonight hy the state department
of tho texts of notes sent yesterday
to Great Britain and Germany.^ re
spectively, revealed that both coun
tries had been yarned In most em
phatic terms against menacing tho
vessels or lives of American citizens
traversing the recently-proclaimed sea
sones of war.
Germany was advised that the Unit
ed Stated "would bc constrained to
hold the imperial government to u
strict accountability" tor uny acts of
Us naval authorities which might .-o
sult in thu destruction of American
vessels or the loss of American lives-,
and that If "such a deplorable situa
tion ?hould arhje." the Ann-. lean gov
ernment would "take any steps which
might be. necessary to safeguard
American lives and property."
To Great Britain the United State?
pointed out "the measure of respon
sibility" which would seem to bo im
posed on the British government "for
tho losa of American'vessels and lives
in case of an attack by a, German nav
al. iurce" if England ?asctloncd gen
eral misuse of the American flag, and
thereby cast doubt upon ?he valid
character ot neutral ensigns.
The communications were to have
boon presented today by Ambassador
Page at landon and by Ambassador
Gerard at Berlin. They were prepar
ed by Counsellor Robert Lansing and
revised by President Wilson and'Sec
retary Bryan after consultation with
the entire cabinet. ; .
Documents Create Sendai Ion.
The !;rit!sh. Spanish and fir?zillan
ambassadors were given coplea of-the
botes as were the ministers of Swed
en. Norway and Denmark. Tho doc
uments created ^a sensation among
diplomats generally because of what
some regarded os their drastic impli
Now the Time to Speak.
. High officials ot the American gov
ernment stated informativ. . lt had
been, deemed .advisable to speak In
tmmlstakablo terms now rather than
to await the alarming effect upon
American public opinion, which' might
ensue from the sinking of a vessel
with scores of American oltUtenc. The
nota?, officials were confident, would
preiLnt thc critical possibilit?s dis
cussed in them. . ?
Biplomuts Fvumlne Notes.
Diplomats examined with great in
terest the language of the communica
tions and some construed the note to
Germany as a . warning that the loss
of American lives by sinking even a
belligerent merchant ship would be
covered by the represe nut ions o? the
American govern mont because of the
Insistence that all merchant ?hips
must be visited and searched. aud
Enormous Gut\ to Protect
. Panama Canal. 'Ttmp photograph
1 show:*, the groat'^$-w& gun on Its
I way to Watertown, -Mes., whore ll
'will ho made cea?ffnt?: shipment^to
it Britmh an
>y British Vessels Wi
nd Notifies Germany T
in Newly Prescribed
d to Serious Complicate
\ passengers taken oh' before ships eau
Thc full texts of I he notes as? made
public at the ?tate department tonight
Not Hu sed on I,us it a nhl.
In discussing the, notes today oiii
c'als pointed out that the representa
tions to Great Drittln were not based
specliicially on the usc of thu Lusi
tania of the American flag or any
o Wier ship because it was not a rare
ruse of war to hoist a neutral Hag
when escaping capture, and vessels of
both sides among the .belligerents In
the present war already had made
auch nae of them us had American
vessels In previous wars.
Thc distinction emphasised was
that, aside trdm the legal-propriety,
which W?s re??rv?d for future dis
cussion. gOneral misuse oft A neutral
flag by a belligerent was a violation
of international comity und neighbor
liness, liable to produce serious dan
gers for the neutral. .
A Moral Obligation.
As for the communication with
Germany, officials .said they were- ant
ing , under speclGcially rccugnlzel
principles of International law in
pointing out the dangers to American
citizens which, would follow attacks
ou merchant vessels' without first as
certaining the validity of the emblem
Gown by the vessel.
Not Exactly a Threat.
Although there was no explicit re
ferences in the notea to what would
be the attitude of the United 3tates
toward the loss of American lives if
a belligerent morchantmun were
sunk, it was made plain by officials'
that neutrals traveling on belligerent
ships had n right to expect that ene
my vessels would conform to Interna
tional practice of affording oppor
tunity to passengers and crew of ail
nationalities to be taken to a place
of safety before destroying a ship so
a. prize of war.
.Derided ?>n Imm?diate Action.
The notes had been under consid
eration for several days. The admin
istration's attitude waa discussed at
length by President Wilson with his
advisers and th? communications were
not given their finishing touche? un
til late yesterday. At first it ?as in
tended to confine the npte to Germany
merely to an Inquiry* as to what steps
would he taken to verify the. charac
ter of ships flying neutral flags,
pointing oot the serious dangers
which might ensue from mistakes in
thia connection - Hut when tho Ger
man foi'?I go ' office memorandum ar
rived, giving what seemed to be t
mature d?lib?ration? ot the o>rm
tho canal. It weighs 284,000 pounds.
The ear on which tho Run ls carried
i'bi ir weighs 192,420 pound j and no
fewer than thirty-two wheel? wore
???Ttti?fraTVse ?f the
ll he Viewed With
hal Destruction of
War Zone Will
government on thc subed, the "Wauli
ington administration decided to Is
sue its -Wonning Immediately.
Adlon Wa" Independent.
No Joint action with other neutral
governments, hus been taken or is un
der contemplation. There has been
intimate discussion pf the course of
the American government with the
ministers and umboBsadors of neu
tral countries, hut in line with tra
ditional American policy, no combined
expression with other governments
will he made.
Muy Cause Lung Correspondence.
" Both note>. it is believed, will open
thc subect of the use of neutral flags
and submarine wurfare on merchant
ships to a long diplomatic correspon
dence, which may furnish thc basts
for International rules ou tho sub
ect ut conference? at the war's end.
It is on? of the subjects also which
the Pan-American Union will consider
in tts investigation of the rights of
neutrals ns' opposed to those of belli
Note to Germany.
"February 10, 191.".
"The secretary of ?tote has instruct
ed American Ambassador .Oernrd at
Berlin to present to the dorman gov
ernment u note to tho following ef
" 'The government of tho United
Sta.es having had its attention direct
ed to the proclamation of the German
admiralty Issued on the fourth ot Feb
ruary that thc waters surrounding
Great Britain and Ireland, including
?be whole ?;? :he Snglian Channel, are
to he considered as comprised within
the sent of war, that all enemy mer
chant \ et -els .found In those watcra
nfte- thc eighteeutb, Instant, will he
oeHroyed, although lt may not al
wavtt he jioH?thi? .<> en ve crews and
passengers; and that neutral veisele
expose themselves tc danger within
this cone of war because, in view of
the misuse of neutral flags said to
have been ordered by the British gov
ernment on the thirty-first of January
and of the contingencies of maritime
warfare, it may not be possible always
to exempt neutral v?asela from at
tacks Intended to strike enemy ships,
feels lt to be Ita duty to call the at
tention of the imperial German gov
ernment, with sincere .respect and the
most friendly sentiments but very
candidly and earnestly, to the very
serious possibilities of the course of
action apparently contemplated under
Consider Before Action.
" The government of the Untied
Sutes views' those possibilities with
such grave concern that it feels lt to
b? ita privilege, and indeed ita duty
fcriNTWl'ED ON* PACK TH ACE.)
CASTS DECIDING VOTE ON j
AMENDMENT TO DEMO
CRATIC PRIMARY LAW
MEASURE PASSES ?
THE SENATE 2 TO 11
Bill Enacting Into Law Rules of
Democratic Party Goes to
Ppcrikl <i? Th? IntrtlieetKiT. I
COLUMBIA, Feb. IL-Lluet. Gov. '
llothca paved tho requirement
for reenrollment every two year? in
tho Democratic primary when he
broke a tic In the Fenato tonight and
cast his vote fyr the TUIOB as they
stand calling tor u ney/ enrollment
of voter* every two years.
Senator H. D. EppB of Sumter hud |
offered un amendment to the bill put
ting thc Democratic rulos into law, in
effect, requiring an enrollment of
voters only every six years. A motion
to lay this amendment on the table re
sulted in H lie ly to 19 and Lieutenant
Governor Bethea broke the tie by vot- I
lng to table the amendment and thus
saved the rules as they exist. |
Tho bill enacting into law the rules
of the Democratic party was then
glyen third reading by a vote of ?ft
to 16 and ordered Bent to the house. |
Thc motion by Senator Sharpe lo
strike out the enacting word was lost
I'S aves to 2G nays. Those voting aye
(against the bill) were: Appell, Beat
tie, Black/E. Ci Epps. Goodman. Har
vey, D. B. Johnson. Padgett, Patter
son. Sharpe, Splgener, Wightman. J.
F. Williams Total 13.
Those votlhg nay (for the bill)
were: Bunks Beamguard. Brice, Buck,
Carlisle, Christensen, Earle, R. D.
Epps. Glnn, Alan Johnstone, Ketcbln,
Limey. Lee, Llde. Manning, Mullins,
Nicholson. Nlckles. O'Dell, Richard
son, Sherard, Hinkler.'Stuckey. Vern
?TrrWaRrar, D.vR^WtU' ats Teta?<8>
. An amendmont by tcnator Stuckey
prohibiting any convention from mak
ing property or education qut-llflca
t ions for voting in primaries was j
adopted. An amendment by Senator i
Laney permitting a voter to transfer ?
from one club to another on a n?a- i
Jorlty vote of the county e>:ec?!!ve
i committee was agreed to.
i ' Senator Laney proposed au amend
(COSTINb'Kl) OX PACK TH KKK.)
Replies to Criticisms by Former
3cc. of Navy Meyer in Maga
(Hy Aanocitted Tim.)
WASHINGTON, Feb. IL-Senator
Tillman defended in the senate today
hi? record as chairman of the naval
committee in reply to criticisms by
former Secretary of the Navy Meyer
in a magazine article/ The senator
reviewed the charges 'hat he was re
sponsible for "vast waste of money"
in expenditures for navy yards in
the south, nnd declared these charges
were without foundation and "slan
dered him grossly."
Senator Tillman denied that he over
had combined with other senators on
the committee to secure large appro
prlutlons for navy yards, and made a
detailed defense of the usefulness of
the navy yard at Charleston, 8. C.
Ship Sunk Sailing
The American Flag
Master and Crew of Steamer Were
Greeks--Vessel Not Known
BERLIN, via Foroe. Feb. 11.-^(3:10
p. m.)-A Constantinople dispatch
says the Russians on February K
sank the steamer Washington, sailing
under the American flag.
The master and crew of the. team*
er were Greeks.
The vessel waa regularly engaged
In conveying American and other Red
Cross supplies between Constantino
ple and Trebixond. Her cargo bad
been discharged before she was sunk.
Unknown la Wanta rn gt as*
WASHINGTON. Feb. lt.-The state
department has received no advices
concerning the reported sinking of the
steamer Washington on February S
by Ru-BiunH. The vessel, which was
said to have been flying the American
flag, is not known here. Neither is
she listed In available maritime reg
.' "..'.', '. '. " '.
GIVEN 24 HOURS
CARRANZA CLAIMS SPANISH
THE TIME LIMIT
Supposed He Has Boarded Snip
Co* Await Instructions From
fBv Awodated l>iam>
WASHINGTON. Feb; H.-JOBO
('aro spanish minister to Mexico, bas
boon summarily expelled (rom Mexico
by General Carranza. Tonight ho
vf aa believed to be on his ?ray to Vera
Cruz, where the American battleship
Delaware Hos In tho harbor with In
struction to offer him a refuge.
News that the minister had been
given 24 hours from laat midnight to
leave Mexico because he is alleged to
have sheltered Aug-1 De Caso, a
Spanish subject accused of aiding
Villa, cu- io to the state department
After hurried conferences between
Secretary Bryan and th-j-Spanish and
Brazilian ambassadors here, Secre
tary Daniels of the navy cabled Cap
tain Rodgers o' the Delaware to Uko
Minister Caro on board and await or
ders. Consul Canada at Vera Crus
was directed to give the minister
May Result Seriously.
While Carransa'e note explained
to the minister that no offensive was
Intended against the Spanish govern
ment or people, the right of asylum
to nationals of a foreign government
is a long established rule, and the
deportation of a diplomatic for^grant
lng this right, it was suggested In
diplomatic circles here tonight', night
result in serious complica tone.
ti. S. Mr-y Send Note.
Riano, the Spauisfe ambe'jaador:-BireV
would comment upvo. the iacldent. tn
official circles lt was intimated that,
while the American go/ernment prob
ably would bold that the expulsion ot
the minister was a matter between
Spain and Carranca, lt. might be the
subject of a rot?? frtwi Washington
to- Carranza pointing out the conse
quences liable to follow such actions.
A-copy of Carranza 's noto to tho
Spanish minister ordering him to quit
Mexico reached the state department
today. It follows:
"The assistance which, taking ad
vantage of. the character you say you
have of Spanish minister, you have
given to Saso hiding him in your lega
tion, and saving him from the pun
ishment which- he has merited, obliged
me, as first chief, to Inform you that
inasmuch as you have disobeyed my
orders, you must leave the country
within 24 hours from midnight, Feb
ruary 10. No offense to the Spanish
government or people la Implied by
The time limit allowed for the min
ister's departure, from Mexico will ex
pire at midnight tonight and it Is
therefore supposed here that bo prob
ably already has boarded a ship at
Vera Crus whero he has announced
that be will await further Instructions
frdrn his government.
It w?s not. believed here tonight
that Carransa's ' action would bo fol?
lowed bv thc Immediate retirement
from Mexico of me remaining foreign
diplomats. Though lt baa been re
ported that generally they deeply re
cent the treatment accorded to their
colleague, lt ls hollered they will
subordinate this to the urgent demand
tor their presence in tho Mexican cap
ital to look after the lives an?) prop
?ny of their nations during the pres
lt was recalled by state depsrtment
ifficlalu that General Castro, when
(resident of Venezuela, similarly ex
pelled the French minister ?rom tba
.ountry. without affecting hts formai
relations with the other diplomatic
repftjveuiaitves, though tba ill feeling
hereby engendered undoubtedly pre
.lpltated the downfall of the ruler.
Angl De Caso ts very well known
n Washington. He bas persons!!'
.unsuited willi officials here regarding
.onditions in Mexico, upon which-die'
vas regarded aa an authority. It is
mown that he haa been acting aa.
onfldential agent for thc SpasUu
ninlster in hts communications with
leneial Villa, so that his relations
orrespond to those existing between,
leorge B. Cerothers and the state de
Secretary Daniels tonight instruct?
d the commander of the battleship
tinware, now in Vera Cruz harbor,
o take the Spanish minister aboard
Secretary Brayan cabled to Consul
'a?ada at Vera Cruz tonight to rap
er all aid possible to the Soonish
a In Uter. Mtr. Bryan declined to.com
aent on the incident. It waa unders
tood tn official circles, however, that
he matter was regarded aa oat to be
ettled between Spain and 'tfcgX^H
ansa government. The United States,
t was said, had employed every means
t lu disposal to prevent friction be
wden the diplomatic cor pu at Mexico
Tty and ike Constitutionalist officer*.