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title: 'The Anderson daily intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1914-1915, February 20, 1915, Image 1',
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VOLUME 1, NUMBER 342. rTeeUy, E.tabUshed i860; D?fljr, Janis, ?1?. ANDERSON, S. C, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, 1914. $5.00 PER ANNUM PRICE FIVE CENTS
WAR DECLARED BETWEEN TURKEY AND RUSSIA
CARGO OF WILKI
BE HELD IO
SIR EDWARD GREY, FOREIGN
DECISION OF ENGLAND
MAY DECLARE ALL
British Government Cites Ger
ninny's Order Confiscating ali
Grain and Flour in Empire
(11 Associated Treu.)
LONDON, Feb. 19.-Sir Edward
. Cray, the foreign secretary, announc
wi today that the British government
had decided that the Amcrlcau steam
er Wilhelmina's food cargo should
be held for a prize court.
This declaration appears to make
clear .Great Britain's purpose to de
clare .all foodrtuff3 Tor Germany con
traband as well os to "foreshadow oth
er reprisals. The foreign minister,
after ? reviewing the German methods
of warefare and denouncing them as
violations of all international usagos,
"If, therefore, his majesty's govern
ment rlnuld hereafter feel constrain
ed to dec?a rc foodstuffs absolute con
traband or to take other measures for
interfering with German trade by
way of reprisals, they confidently ex
pect that aoch action will not be
challenged on the part of neutra'
States by appeals to laws .and usages
of war whose validity rests on their
forming an integra! part of that sys
tem of international doctrine, which,
hs a whole, their euemy frankly boasts
the intention to disregard, so long as
such .neutral states cannot compel the
German government to abandon
mcthc'?: .,f warfare which have not
in tecent history been regarded .rn
having tho eanetlon of eit' *r law or
- Gr^,.B^ain:s^epl>u^o^tbe -Araeci-j
can note on the Wilhelmina case,
handed today to. Walter Hines Page,
the American ambassador, reads;
"The communication made by the
.United States ambassador fit his note
tc ..ir .L?wcii.i Grey, ?i i lie loth in
stant, ass been carefully considered
and thc following observations, are
offered in reply:
"At thc time when Hts Majesty's
government gave direction? for the
seizure of the cargo of the steamship
WUholmlna as ' contraband they had
before them the text o? a de?ree made
by thc German federal council on the
25th of January under article 45 Of
which all grain and flour imported into
Germany aftor the 31st of January
was declared deliverable only to cer
tain organization;? under direct gov
ernment control or to municipal
authorities. Tho vessel was bound for
Hamburg, ono of the free cities of the
Gorman empire, the government ot
which is vested in the municipality.
This way one Qt tho reasons actuating
His Majesty's government in deciding
to bring the cargo of the Wilchlmlna
before a prize court.
"In formation hat, only now reached
them that by a subsequent decree
" dated the sixth of February the above
'provision In article 46 of th? previous
decree waa repealed, it would appear
for the express purpose ot. render
ing difficult the anticipated proceed
ings against the Wilhelmina. There
peal was not known to HU Majesty's
government at the time of the deten
tion bf the cargo, or indeed until now.
How far the ostensible exception of
. imported nupplles from the general
lCONTl.\li:t> OS PAGE TWO.)
Tank Steamer Belridge, Owned b;
tacked Near Falkeatonc, England
Damaged. Of! Dieppe, France
Germany "signalized the wond day
of thc operation nf her sea war ?one
hy torpedoing two steamships, one
owned ia a pentral reentry-Norway,
This ie?set, the tank ?teamer Bel?
.ridge...waa. torpedoed hy a Cabalarme
near Folkestone, Knglsnd, while I he
French Meaner Binerah nfln badly
flseisrvrt by i a shailer fesselt eft
JMeppe, Prance* Both vessels made
A Dieppe dispatch asserts, that n?
varning of as attack waa given the
Binerah. There bas b**a no mention
of ca*n*lt le? on either vexseL
(Be AsNV.iavwd Pr??*.)
LONDON. Feb. \9.-(10:20 p.
The Brlttsh replies to the Ami
notes on the we of the American f?
by the fu?are? hine ?teamer LusraEme
and the decision to hold tho cargo of
the American steamer Wilhe.miua to
a prize court wem delivered to Ameri
can Ambassador Page today.
Fighting ir, the west has con<dxicd
.largelv of efforts by thc Germans to
Republicans Generally Refer to
Representative Mann as His
Own Successor as Leader.
(By Associated Presa.)
WASHINGTON, Feb. ^.-Republi
cans of the house determined today
to defer their minority reorganization
until the Thursday night preceding
thc first session of the next congress.
In the conference held to discuss
plans. Representative Mann of Illinois
was generally referred to as his own
euccessor as minority leader.
Caucus rule, was discussed. Repre
sentative Cooper of Wisconsin, pro
U :tlng against the use of thc word
caucus in connection with meetings
of Republican members and asserting
that the day of secret caucuses had
passed. This drew from Representa
tive Mann a remark that thc time
might come "when wo may have to
bring to bear all the binding force wc
can." At Mr. Mann's suggestion thc
question 'of whether there shalt bc
caucuses or "open air meetings" was
left to be decided at the reorganization
In reference to committee assign
ments. Representative Mann said the
Progressives had not r> greed whether
they should get (lief.- assignments
from thc Republicans or the Demo
THE BODY OF H. B.
Body of His Brother Found About
. Two Weeks Ago Near Hunt
ing Camp rn Florid?;
(By Aswdstod treal.)
PALATKA. Fla.. Feb. 19.-The body
of H. B. Gardner or Springfield. Mass.,
who with his brother. Alonzo G. Gard
ner cf B?Uimoro, Md., './as klUed and
robbed while camping near here sev
eral weeks>.age? was found toSay near
the scene of the camp by a searching
party. Guards were placed over thc
body until an Inquest can bo held to
morrow, after wblch lt will bo sent to
North Auams, Mass.
The body of the brother was found
about two weeks ago and subsequently
Clyde Stover a negro, was arr?nted at
Ellzabtthton, Tenn., In connection
with thc deaths. The authorities al
lege, that Striver piloted the boat on
which tho Gardners made the trip up
the Ockalwahn and later shot and rob
, i .-? -?->rr
Duekcd Safely at Rotterdam.
ROTTERDAM, via London, Feb. VJ.
-14:36 p. m.-The steamer Uganda,
from Norfolk, Va., first of tho Belgian
relief commission's1 Messels to arrive
here since Germany's war zone decree
became effective, docked at rotterdam
early today. The captains of all Bel
gian relief ships putting into Fal
mouth have been advised to paint the
name of the commission on thc side
of their vessel.
Bid Soi Apply For W?vV Trial.
NEW YORK, Feb. 19.-Contrary to
expectations, counsel for Charles
Becker, former police lieutenant,
twice convicted for the murder of
Herman Rosenthal, tho gambier, fail
ed today to make an application for
a new trial.
>- ' ?.
y Neutral Co^try-Norway, At
i, Whue French Vessel Badly
-Fighting on Lard Continues.
?recover tranches lost during the Al
lied offensiv? maneuvers last Tuesday
sud Wednesday. Tho Germans claim
thst their attacks were successful.
Th? German army which drove the
Russians out of Bast Prussia has oc
cupied the Russian town of Taurog
gen on ?he Eaec Prussian frontier,
north of the Niemen River, but else
where in this region the Germana ap
parently, have beeh'hatted by the ar
rival of F/jmalan reinforcements, 'as
Tor three1 days now th-? official re
ports have referred to the fighting sa
laking place in the Augustowo district
dad In the vicinity ot Plock and Sler
pec, on the right bank of the lower
In the Carpathians .neither, dide has
mode much prrtgre??, although the
Russians announced that they have
repulsed numerous Auetro-Oermar.
irv- men arc of tb? opinion
German War 7
The shaded portion o? this map
shows the waters about the British
Isles and in the English Channel and
the North Sea in which, if the Ger
man declarations are to he taken.
Their face value, it 'vii! be dangerous
for ai.y American merchant ship, un
convoyed by American battleships, or
the merchant ships ot any other
neutral nation, to sail.
Count Bernstorff, German ambas
sador tb the United States, has stat
ed that since British merchant ships
! have been directed to carry guns and
j REGARD DEVEl
President and Cabinet Discuss Di
Coarse of the
(By AnnckKtcH Prro.)
. WASHINGTON, Feb. 19.~l>resldent
Wilson , and h IB cabinet discussed at
length today dangers to American
vessels and commerce growing ont of
ttie reiterated determination of thu
Gorman government to wage a mtb
marino and mine warfare en enemy
vessels und disclaiming responsibility
for what may happen to neutral vca- ',
sela veuturtng Into the new sea Mal
?nnvate of cabinet officers later dis
closed that the ndmlr.iatratlon regard
eu thc developments of the last few
days as of grave importance. Cabinet
eic mtiers declined to predict what
would be the course of the Unit
ed States. Some pointed out that in
every serious situation tn internation
al affairs much discretion was vested
in the president and that this a km'
necessarily would be guided by tho
circumstances of each case, if there
were attacks on American vessels.
Ofheluily the United states govern
ment had not received late tonight thc
text of ??ic Herman roply tr. tho
American note, and until It is in hand
lon will be announced aa to
the administration's policy.
In Thc informal discussion of the
reply as published in the press* cabi
net cambers indicated thui they ware
impressed by different aspects of the
c?se. S/)rae held that while the situa
tion was serious, there was an Indi
cation m theftierman note of a will
ingness to dismiss the subject farther,
which might, -perhaps, postpone the
active enforcement of the proclama
tion to permit an understanding to be
about the naftv of neutral
The fact that Germany bad ordered
her nary to UBr- discretion and c*"
Kiter, approaching ships flying neutral
flogs was viewed as Indicating that
the maximum of 'vigilance probably
would he.exercised by commanders of
Jplimarlnes to distinguish between
corny and neutral vessels. On the
other hand, however, the note's dec
laration that Germany disclaimed all
responsibility for what might happen
to neutral ships either by submarine
"S or mines produced appre
?Uca! point might he
in the relations between
s and Germany,
i "dnions varied a* to what. steps
Zone Established About th
.to attack German submarines, even
when the officers ot' the submarines
are boarding; them to learn their
identity there; will he no time for in
vestigation at fibai Therefore, a ship
" Uh.oin.Jmrr\M*&!mimv be. at-,
tacked. He Bays: -
". . . The sofety of neutral ship
ping tn the war zone around the Brit
ish Isles ls seriously threatened.
There is also an Increased danger re
sulting from mines, as these will be
laid iu th* war zone to a great ex
tent. Accordingly neutral ships are
must urgently warned against enter-?
unger* to American Vessels and
i to Predict What Would be
would be token by. the United State.}
when the text of the German reply is
Some of thc Scandinavian countries
in their repr?sentations to Germany,
it I? understood, have used the pb rao5
"accountability" .In the senso of dc- (
manding compensation for losses sus
tained. Holland's protest 1B believed
to have conveyed this meaning, as well
asjs^warning pf possible action. The
?CX?NTINU?D OK PAGE TWO.) T
Warrants Charge Murder tn Con
nection With Assassination
of A. D. Oliver.
(By AtmxinVt? Frees.)
IiEESBURO, Ga., Feb. 19.-G. W.
Chance, cbier of the Bank ot Smith
ville, and Claude Chance, bis son, were
arrested today on warrants charging
murder in connection with the assas
sination here Wednesday night of ?.
1). Oliver, president of the farmers'
Hunk ami L.oa:t Company of Lecaburg.
They arc held in jail here with three
men arrested yesterday on similar
charges. A warrant ulao. was Issued
for the arrest of Minter Kennedy, but
officers failed to find him. Commit-;
ment hearings today .were postponed
until next Wednesda.
Will Sign Kneing Bills.
CARSON CITY. Nev.. Feb. 1?.-Gov.
ernor Emmet Boyle tulay anoumed
lie would sign tho- two racing bills
passed l y the legislature creating a
racing commission and legalising a
nari mutual System ot betting on horse
Safety Promised Relief Skfeaj
NEW YORK. Feb. 1?.-Safe conduct
for all relief ships bearing the flag
of thc csnimisBicn far relief, in Bel
gium hap been promised by England.
France sad Germany, according to an
announcement ?eade today by 1 ind on
W. Bates, riva tdiatrmau of the eoin
Stx relief ships were today either
in or approaching the war sone. .
lng that area, while the course around
Scotlaud will be ?ate.
"Germany has been compelled to re
sort to this kind ot warfare by thej
murderous way? of British navu>. war
fare, which.alma at tho desVuotlon of j
legit?mate neutral trade and at the1
starvation of the ' German people.
Germany will be obliged to adhere to <
the announced principles until Eng
land submits to the recognised rules
of -warfare, established by tho Dec
laration of Paris and London. or
until she ie compelled . to do so by
the neutra! powers.
! STRIKES MINE;
Norwegian Steamer Which Sailed ;
1 From Newport News Feb. 5
Beached Near Dover
(By Associated Pms.}
DOVER, Feb. 10 (via London.\l:08
p. pi.I.-Th? Norwegian tank steam
ship Belridge, whtch sailed from Now 1
Orleans January 28 and Newport1
NOWS February 5 for Amsterdam,
struck a mine early today of Dover.
She was beached near here.
It was first reported she was only
slightly damaged by tho explosion, hut
later' it was learned there ?had been
fear of her going down. Her fore
peak and her forehold are Ailed with
water and her fore dock ls awash.
The pilot on board and 18 men of
her crew have been landed.
LONDON, Feb. 1? (11:50 p. m.).-j
An official statement issued hy the
admiralty tonight says the Norwegian
tank steamship Belridge was struck
by a torpedo fired by a German sub
marino today near Folkestone. Pieces ,
of the torpedo, lt ls asserted, have
been found on the ?hip.
CBy Awcisted Pim.)
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., Feb. 19.
Lawleesness In New 'Madrid County |
from night riding resulted in an In
vestigation being ordered today by
Governor Major. Telegrams from the j
sher ff there a?ertcd tho situation
was teyond his control and Adjntnat
GeoeraC O'Meara was ordered to the
county at once. *
Negroes, it is said, is the object of
the night riders. Warnings, urging
negroes to leave the district, have
been pouted throughout the county.
Hank Omelels sentenced.
MEMPHIS. Tenn.. Feb. 1?.-Four
officials of the defunct Chickasaw
Bank and Trust company today were
sentenced to*serve,Ave years io the
federal penitentiary at Atlanta and a
firth official received a sentence of
ono year and.one day. for using the
malls to defraud in connection with
the bank's- failure here two years ago.
George E. NeuhardL president; 8. L
Spark*, cacbier; J. Goldbaum and J
D. Browne, directors, got Ave years
each, and Paul J. Nelson, taller, one
Charged With Engaging in Con?
.piracy to Violate Neutrality
of United States.
. LOS ANGELES. Calif.. Feb. 19.
Harry Chandler, assistant general
manager of thc I.OH Angeles Times,
and millionaire land owner, was to
ileted today by thc' federal grand
?ury here in connection ?Ith an al
o ged conspiracy which had for Its
ibject a military occupation of the
Mexican territory of Lower Callfornla.
Walter Bowker, manager of the
California Mexican Land and Cattle
company, in which Chandler ls heavily
nterested: General B. J. VUJoen. a
.'tinner Boer commander .in the 8outh
\rifcan war, and Baltasar Aviles, a
former governor of Lower California,
ind three Mexican:-., were Indicted sev
eral ?-eeks ago.
Chandler and others are charged
with 0ngaglng in a conspiracy to vio
late thc neutrality of the United state:,
by recruiting men and gathering sup
plies on American soil for a campaign
in Lower California.
All but Chandler previously bad
been arrested. Viljoen was a military
adviser to Francisco I. Madero, late
president of Mexico, during his war
The California-Mexican Land and
Cottle Company owns an extensivo
ranch which lies op both sides of the
border between California and Lower
NOT ONE BAG OF
U S.MAIL LOST
American Mail Has ' Gone
>vm With Vessel Destroyed
by Warship in 100 Yean.
WASHINGTON. Fe?. 19.-Although
United States mail is going directly
r?r Indirectly to every country In the
world, eo tar not one bag has been
lost through (he activities of Euro
pean war eels. In fact, postofflce
department Ci cala said today, no
American mail has gone down with a
merchantman destroyed hy a warship
within the past hundred years.
Postmaster General Burlesca said
he expected no interference with' mall
servtce to result from Germany's oca
war zone proclamation. It was point
ed out that mall steamers are fast
vessels, carrying passengers end lit
tle cargo of thc kind belligerents
would like to destroy,
tine Thonfsand Winers Strike.
GRAFTON, W. Va., Feb. 19.-About
1.000 miners employed by the Jamison
Coal company . In the Barracksvtlle
Famlngton region struck early today,
declaring a new wage scale recently
enforced by the company virtually
meant -a reduction.
Carranga Forces Capture Chllapn.
LAREDO, Tex.. Feb. 19.-The Car
ranza commander at Nuevo Laredo
waa advised tonight that Carranza
Forces had captured Chllapa, state of
Guerrero, after heavy fighting.
It also was reported Carranza
troops had captured Cuatro Ci?negas,
Coahvlla. 30 'tollos* west of Monclova.
Congress Confronted With Necessii
$S0,C0f/,000 a Day For Next Eta
Passes Pension Bill Can
tBv A?toct?t?d Yrem.)
. WASHINGTON. Feb. 19.-Confront
ed with the necessity of appropriating
ic average of $90,000.000 a day for the
?ext ll legislsttve days, congress to
lay began hurrying through the meas
ires which will supply the billion
lollara needed to run the government
turing the next fiscal year.
TUt! senate passed tho fS9.900.0001
egtslatlve, executive and Judicial ap
propriation bill, and the lioust passed
he pension bill, carrying $164,000.000,
ind took up the diplomatic and censu
ar measure, appropriating $4,500.000.
Beyond the naming of the house
:onferees, the ship purchase bill re
lived no attention, reposing in tr j
.uttody of the conference comm?t
es, where it wilt remain until Febru
ary ?"A under the agreement reached
yesterday la the senate. The eon
erees probably will not meet this
veek. The ship bill Investigation al
o was al. a standstill, but the ?pec
ui committee will resume its bear
A.committee amendment to the exe
jREAT BRITAIN WILL NOT
RESORT TO USE OF NEU
TRAL FLAGS GENER
Vmerican Passengers Aboard Lus
itania Asked That Stars and
Strum he Hoisted
LONDON, Feb. 19.-The Drltbih
'orelgn office this evening issued ?
into in reply to the representation of
.be United States government con
cerning the use of the American flag
>y British vessel?.
The note says that the Cunard Line
iteamer Lusitania on ber recent vr?v
ige from New York to Liverpool-reis?
id tho American flag "to sive the
lives of non-combatants, crew and
passengers." It adds that tn spite ot
he fact that American passengers em.
jarking on the Lusitania sm her out
ward voyage for New York asked ttyst
he American flag be hoisted, "tho
British government did not give any
idvices to the company ss to how
0 meet this request, andi lt ls undo*'
:tood, tho Lusitania lett Liverpool Uh
ler the British flag."
After1 discussing the Lusitania
:ident the memorandum says:
"The British government has no
n ten Mon of advil sing merchant ship
>lng to use foreign flags as a general
practice or to resort to them other
vise than for escaping capture or d?
In conclusion the statement says: ??
"The obligation on ' %, belligerent
varship to ascertain definitely for ti?
leif the nationality and character ot
1 merchant vessel before capturing lt
md? fortiori tM/fQ?&mv^u
ore sinking and deetroyfWit has been
mivereallv recognised. If that obliga
Ion I? fulfilled the hoisting of a neu
ral flag on board a British vessel
.unuot possibly endanger neutral shijp
>ing, and the British government bolds
hat If loss to neutrals, ls caused by
iiEr^Bard'ug this oc'.is^iias ii ~~
he. enemy vessel disregarding '.. this
ibligatlon and upon the governnjent
hat it should oe disregarded that the
ull responsibility for injury to neu
rals ought to rest."
The following is the teat of the ro
lly of Great Britain to thc Amerlcgn
bte as handed to Walter Kines Pago,
he American.ambassador, today: -
"The memorandum communicated
n the llth of February calls attek
lon in courteous and friendly; i
he action of the captain of I
ah steamship Lusitania In raising
lag of the United States of Amer
rheo spproacbing British waters '
sys te government of the Uni
hate* feels certain anxiety in
idering the possibility bf any genii
iso of the flsg of the United 8tel
>y British vessels traversing ?tl
vaters since the effect of such 1 ' a
tolley might be to bring about >
uenuco to the lives' and vessels? of
Inited States cit Isens,
"It was understood that the Gerniah
overnment announced their intentwh
f sinking British merchant vessels'"-a*
igbt bv torpedoes without giving'-1
pportunity of making any pi
ar the saving of lives of non
slant crews and passengers. *t
i consequence of this threat that
(CONTINVEP OX fAGE TWO.)""""'
y of Appropriating Average of
ven Legislative Days- ? Home
utlvp. legislative and judicisl bill sp
roprlatlog $160,000 to be used by the
resident on connection with the fer
ial opening of the Panama Canal was
lopted by the senate after a sharp
abate. Senator 'Fal! sought to cstsb
sb the basis on which the estimate
r expenses had - been made. Chair
an Martin, of the appropriations
>mmlttee. said that at a conference,
r Democratic and Republican lead
's, called by the president, lt had
?en agreed to ask for $250,000 - to
?fray the expense of the president
id his party, which wa* to Include
?reign diplomats sud two hundred
r three hundred members ot con
reas. The appropriations commit tee
(ion being advised of some criticism
t this last provision, however, had
tduced the appropriation X?fWO.
tavlng lt to the president to
hom he would.
Chairman Martin said fae und?fs
ie president proposed to Invite
Presidents Roosevelt ead Taft
sin al i commute from congreaa^to
(Continued on Page Four)