Newspaper Page Text
Upon Charges of
Out of Clash
Of Two Negroes Beh
Party of Whites ar
Third Negro Being
and Clubbed Vi
WALHALLA. March 2.-In the court j
of general sessions for Oconee coun
ty thia morning William T. McClure.
J. Woodrow Campbell. Caima C. Kay. |
8. Augustus Jones, John McDonald
and William Kay, rosldenta of the
Fair Flay section of this county, wore
placed on trlul for their Uvea, tho
grand Jury having indicted them on
charges of murder of Oreen OJbaon,
ono of thron negroou who met death
ns tho result of an escapade that oc
cured In that section on Docemher
Thu close of the first day's trial of
the CQ80 saw tho gtato with probably
a little moro than half of lt3 testi
mony In. Tho prosecution put up
twelve wttnesacH during the day. and
of this number two mlgnt be spoken
of as "atar" men. Testimony given
by tho other ten witnesses waa of
minor importance, as compared with
that given by tho two principals. Of
the largo amount of testimony offered
hy tho State on the opening day of
thc trial, however, only a portion ot
it had bearing directly on tho case
nt Ktako, that is. the murder ot Oreen
Gibson. The State, lt was announced,
is Introducing tnls testimony for a
specific purpose, end that ia to show
tho state of mind of those charged
with murder of Oreen Olbson.
Tell Horrible Story.
Tho testimony ottered by the prin
cipal witnesses for tho State today
tells n Blory of alleged brutality auch
as this section of tho country proba
bly has never heard bofore. Tho testi
mony telle Of the beating ot two ne
gro mea, George Gibson, a son of,the
Green Gibson for whose alleged mur
dor tho defendants are being tried,
and Tom Splght3. The account of the
beating the wltnoises swear was given
these two negroos. by the defendants
themselves and by three negro men l
who woro made to take part In tho
heating of thc two negroes, ls horri
Tho alleged beating given tho ne
groes took placo in the State of Geor
gia, and from the effect9 of tha in
juries then sustained thn negroos are j
said to have died. Dut. as stated int
Old outlet, this testimony appears to
have no direct bearing on tho case
Tho defonse objected from tho first
to the introduction of testimony as
to what occured on tho Georgia aide,
and as to any treatment given any
body but Oreen Olbson. as thc testi
mony was irrelevant. Tho State con
tended, howover. that lt-was necessary
to know what transpired Immediately
prccedlng tho death ot Oreen Gibjon
In order to show the state of mind
tho defendants were in, and to show
malice on their,p?rt. The court ruled
that th,, testimony waa s.dmlaaablc.
and tho hearing of evldenco of thia
itcatcn by Ki ghi .Von.
The principal wltnoss put up today
hy tho State was Alon?o Anderson, a
mulla?o. Tho negro testified that he
was living on the fawn of Woodrow
Campbell laat December, and that on
the 20th of that month he saw Colmus
Kay. John McDonald and Will Kay
at the home of Mr. Campbell. That
morning, he stated, he hitched up sev
eral buggies at the direction of Mr.
. Campbell; that the white men men
tioned and himself and two other ne
&?o?s got In the buggies and started
for Tom Spighfs house. (Bplghts Is
one of the negroes who, . lt ts said,
was beaten to.death and who after
wards died in Hartwell Jail of his
rpon arriving at Spight'a house, tho
witness stated, the white men went In
to the house and presently returned
>?< with Spighta, who was put In a buggy
and driven away in the direction of
the Georgia lino. On the way to
SpIghtV house, h0< stated, they met
H. Augustus Jones, who accompanied
the party. He gave the names of th?
othor negroes lp the alleged whipping
' party as Moao Turner end/-. Edgar
Knrouto from the home of Tom
Kplgbts tn the Georgia line, the wit
ness ^:.?ljrttNlr the. party met three,
negroes coming hp Oie road In a bug- ?
e negroes being George fjlb
Boniffhhn. Swinger ?nd another negro,
whom he did not Know. TheTwitnh?r ?
?tated that the party of white moy
took George Gibson nut of .his buggy,
that one or two or the men beat him
about ?onie; that they tied Olbson and
took hint along with Tom Bpights and
went In the direction of Fair Play
. end th* Georgia side. At Fair Flay,
he stated, they wsre Join-id by. William
degree* Airen Beating.
The witness described how the
party moved ou across the State line,
crossing Knox's bridge, and stopping
at an old store .'a few yards from the
. bridge on th?? Georgia sid?- of th?
ig Brutally Beaten By
id Blacks-Also of
Shot Down in Duel
Hth His Guns.
river. He stated that the white met
in the party told him and the othci
two negroes to take Tom Spights ?ni
George Gibaon Into the store; tha
they were told to take tho two negri
men's clothes down; that this wai
done; that two-of the negroes stretch
ed Tom Splghta acroaa a countei
and held him there while the thin
negro man. upon orders from th?
white men. beat George Gibson.
When tho first ono of the three ne
gro helpers had beaten Gibson ht
changed who was with one of the ne
groes who was holding Gibson acrosr
thc counter, and the second negri
came around and took the buggy tract
and beat Gibson. Having taken his Ul!
ot beating, tho second negro chang?e
places with the third negro holding
i pights across thc counter, and thh
third negro carno around und used th?
buggy trace on Splghta, When tlu
throe negro helpers ' had flnishot
beating George Gibson, lt was testi
fied, flvo of the six white/men In thc
party took turna at applying the bug
gy trace to the negro's nakod anatomy
This continued, the witness testified
until eight different men had applied
the lash to Georgo Gibson. Thu wit
ness test ?(lcd that tho only man In thc
party who did not do any of the whip
ping was Woodrow Campbell, who de
clared that he did not have to do any
of the besting, as ho had brought
along his negroes to do lt for him.
Hcatcn on Feet.
When thc. Gibson negro bsd been
disposed of. the testimony went, oin
Spights wai placed across the coun
ter and Abo lash applied to him In
much'tho same fashion as lt was ap
plied to George Gibson. The witness
stated that George Gibson was obit
tr* Btand up u part of the time utter
the beating and a part of the time
waa not able to stand. Arter Spights
had been whipped ?orne, it was stated,
Caima Kay spoke' up and said that tho
negro had had enough boating.
(.reen Gibson t ome* l'p.
When tho beating >t' ?leorgc Gibson
and Tom Splghta hal be?n rinlshed,
the w tnees ?tated, he looked cu: tha
door vf the storo and saw Green iHb
ion and two other negroes, armed
with ? hot guns, approaching tho bulli
ng. Hil? matter was reported to thc
white men. tho witness ctated. and
inmediately they came, out of tho
house, with pistols drawn, ind com
manded Green Gibson mid tim other
:wo negroes to drop their Kuna. Thc
witness toatifled thal Green Gibson
said. "Gentlemen. If he has dono any
thing let the law tako irs course."
The negroes were again commanded
to drop their guns, the witness steted,
the three negroes began backing olf
toward th?, bridge. When the negroes
backed off. the witness stated, shoot
ing between them and thc white men
bogan. The witness wan not positive,
but thought that john McDonald ?r
3d tb,, nra shot.
When on exchange nf some 20 shots
had -taken pince, the witness sloted,
he and Caima Kay went ovx?r in Geor
gia and secured three shot gunn, re
turning later to tho bridge, whore the
guns > were distributed among the
members of the party.
H hooting of Gibson.
Thc witness described the return
from tho Georgia aldo and the trip
back toward Fair Play. On the return
trip, lt seems, members of the pariy
enoountered Green Gibson, who had
made his get away after the exchange
of shots near Knox's bridge. The wit
ness 8tated that he went la the direc
tion of firing which he heard and
saw Caima Kay and William McClure
s hooting at Green Gibson, who wan
down in a field.
Tho witness described seeing
Oreen Gibson shot down and teeing
him fire after he was down on the
ground. Before Gibson fell he saw
him etan running in the direction o!
one Mose Williams' house. The wit
ness testified - that he was given a
p!ctol by one of the whitb men and
told f> run and head off Green Glb
.ou. so aa not to let him enter Moue
William?' house. Continuing his testi
mony, tbe witness stated that aftor
Green Gibson had been phot down he
saw Caima Kay and Woodrow ramp
hell hit him over Ute hoad with the
two guns which he bad carried, both
gum* being broken. The wOnes? said
that after Green Gibson bad been kill
ed the members of the party set off
with dogs looking tor other \ hegroes
who were implicated in the Picoting.
Made an AAldavlt.
The witness testified that he came
to Anderson witt? Mr. Campbell dar
lug Christmas week, that he went
with Mr. Campbell to lawyer Dag
nail's office, where he was tobi to sign
a raper. Asked aa to the contenu of
the paper he signed, the wltnets said
that the paper stated that he (Al-mxo
Anderson) didn't know any of. the
negree* engaged In the riet, and that
li,, didn't see any of til" even's sur
rounding the beating >f the negroes
or ?he killing of Green Gibson. Tue
witness stated thst at the time he
signed this paner hp knew the Matc
tnena were not true.
Second Star Willi***.
The second star wltnexi pul up by
the prosecution wau Edgar White,
wi o. the former witness swore, was
one of the three negras who were
compelled to apply the WIHII to George
Gibson and Tom Splghts. i:dgur White
told practically th? sume story as that
told by Alonzo Ander-;o:i. Ile testi
fied us to the party of white men go
ing to Tom Splghts' house an.l taking
him out of bed. taking him tn the
store across on the Georgia side and
beating him with a buggy trace. Ile
said that he would not have applied
the lush to Gibson I? he had mt been
told by the white men that (hey would
"get him" unless he did. Th,, other
portion* of the negro':: testimony were
practically the same a? that Riven by
Cross t. MI mined.
These being thG "iain wltncssoB of
the prosecution, ?he. attorneys for thc
defense naturally centered their sever
est cr'jss examination fire upon them.
Both negroes were put through a
thorough grilling, and while they
were tangled up in eorac instances,
their story, in the -nain, v as not shak
en. It was brought nut on cross ex
amination that counsel for the defense
had had both negrw.? put lr. jail, and
that while In prison amdavlM were
gotten from them with reference to
what happened during the rioting
period. Both wltnosscn sworn that
they had not been prom I-sud immunity
from Indictment on condition they
made thesn affidavits, and that tney
had been offered no inducements oi
any other character to give the testi
mony that they offered theu.
hereabout* of Negroes.
lt ."in- not brough*, nut at tho hear
ing ycblerday what becami of Tom
Splghts and George Gibbon utter they
were beaten In the store, tho supposi
tion being that they were left there
while the members of the party pur
snod Green Gibson and the other two
negroes who had advanced upon them
with shot guns While they were in
tho house administering the whippings
to the two negroes George Gibson
and Tom Splghts. >t wu* not brought
out what became of tho two negroes
who were with Green Gibson when he
advanced upon the party of white men
at Knox's Bridge.
Thc testimony only chowed that
Green Gibson fled back io the South
Carolina ?ldc after the exchange of
shoto at tho bridge and that he was
cngftged by members of the white
men's party several miles back on the
South Carolina side and killed In a
duel with .several ro?mbor<* of tho
party, two ot whom took h h abat gun?
away from him, after he had fallon,
and broke them over h h head.
Other witnesses put tip by ihs pros
ecution, and tn the order In which
they were culled, were Carrls Splghts.
wife of Tom Splghts; Mari? Splghta.
stepdaughter of Tom splghts ; Andy
Bowers. S. B. Wilburn, John Swing
er. Anna Swinger. Alonzo Anderson,
Mayor J. H. Godfrey, of Anderson;
Edgar White. Prof. Harry SheldOu.
Abraham Swinger and W. S. Camp
The testimony offered by Alonzo
Anderson and Wilgar White summed
up practically all that was produced
by tho State on the first day of the
trial. Other testimony was given by
other witnesses, but lt was not of an
extraordinary nature nor very Im
portant to tho ca?e. One of the wit
nesses testified thai when the party
of whit* men met George Gibson in
the road they searched him and ?und
a pistol in his pocket Thereupon,
they took him on to Georgia, with
Tum splghts. and beat him
It is impossible just at this Juncture
to predict just when the case wilt be
brought to a close. Ir ls probable,
however, that all of the testimony will
be in by tho adjournment of court to
night This being the casu, thc argu
ments and the charg,, should he made
sometime Thursday, -itiow in.; the mat
ter to go to the Jury late that after
The trial ot the tiU realdsaU of
the Fair PUy section ls attracting
r??."-!dsr-h!e attention throughout
Oconee and Anderson counties. The
courtroom was packed all day with
spectators, a number of ?h?m having
come from Anderson.
DON'T BE MISLED
Anderson Citlseas Should Bead and
Heed Th!? Adrice,
Kidney trouble is dangerous and
- Boat experiment with eomehtlng
aew and untried.
Beata with Dean's Kidney Pilla.
Recommended here and every
An Anderson cltlsen's statement
forma' convincing proof.
It'e local testimony-lt can be In
?rs. W. Taylor, 218 McCully street.
Anderson, says: "I had a fall When I
waa a child and it weakened my kid
ney?. After that I Mitered from eon*
.?ant pain tn the small of my Kack.
I waa nervous, htngnld and dlaxy and
my kidney* acted irregularly: 1 read
how others had besa benefited by
Doan's Kidney Pills and 1 got a box.
The drat few doaea relieved me and
one box head me up lo fina shaper
Price 50c. at all dealers. Dont sim
ply ask for a kidney remedy-gat
Donn's Kidney Pills-the asm* that
Mi?. Taylor, had. Poater-Mllburn Co.,
Prop?.. Buffalo. N. Y.
WITH TRIAL OF
PANEL SELECTED WITHIN AN
HOUR ALTHOUGH VE
NIRE WAS EXHAUSTED
ASKED VIEWS ON
Jurors Sworn on Their Voir Dire.
Those Who Would Not Con
vict for Lynching Were
ooo o ooooooo oo ooo oo o
THE JURY. o
J. A. Zimmerman, foreman, o
o J. C. Seaborn, machinist,
o J. P. Waitera, merchant,
o W. T. Burton, farmer,
o T. C. Burna, farmer.
A. M. Brown, machinist. o
O. L. Barker, farmer. o
Elims Woodall, farmer. o
o J. Carroll Lee," farmer. o
o R. E. Finley, farmer. o
o J. B. Satterfield. farmer. o
o W. B. Stevena, farmer. o
ooo o ooooooo oo ooo oo o
One of thc moat interesting Incl
danta of thc forenoon session of **furt
waa tho drawing of thc jury to alt in
judgment upon thc aix men who are
on trial. Contrary to general expec
tations, little time' waa required to
select the 12 men who are to decide
thc fate of the defendants. The pro
cess of empanelling tho jury requir
ed but an hour's time, but it took thc
thirty-sixth man of thc venire to com
plete .the panel.
At the request Of thc solicitor, the
turora were sworn upon their voir
dire. Of tho 36 names drawn out of
thc box. 13 were objected to as jurors
by thc defense and Ave bv thc State,
whllo six were stood aside by the
cnurt for cause. An Interesting phase
of the examination of the Jurara waa
the question propounded in several
instances by the solicit >r as to wheth
er the juror would convict a white
man of lynching a' negro, it in hts
Judgment the testimony showed that
there was no reasonable doubt as to
the guilt of the. accused.
The defense objected to. this ques
tion being put to thc jurors because
of the lorm of the'interrogation, as
sertlng that no such offense as "lynch
lng" was to bn found tn the statutes^
and that the defeaoants were not pu
trial for otnmlttlrtg'any such offense
as that. The court overruled the ob
jection, giving as his grounds for so
doing that if a juror answered that
he would not convict a white man of
lynching a negro, no matter how con
vincing the evidence, lt showed that
thc jnror wea not without bia? . a tue
case upon which he wosld bs called,
upon to try.
Of the 36 tal israel drawn for jury
duty bot two made the unqualified
statement that they would not convict
white man of lynching a negro.
They were promptly stood aside by
the court. In another Instance or two
the tallsmen were not very emphatic
In their opinion On this point,. and
were excused by the 8tate. The de
fense rejected several Jurors who stat
ed that they would not convict a white
man of lynching a negro, but aa to
whether the objections to the Jurors
were made solely on this point, it is
not known. At any rate, they accept
ed three or more Jurors who stated
that they would convict a white man
of lynching a negro, proMidod the
testimony showed there was no reas
onable doubt as to his guilt.
The tallsmen summoned' for ser
vice on this Jury and the disposition
made of each one. drawn are aa fol
J. C. Seaborn, accepted.
W. H. Hutchinson, rejected by de
J. ' C. Bentley, stated in reply lo
question by solicitor with reference
to bia views on lynching that he would
cOnvlr.t a white ro?n of lynching a
negro, provided h? thought tho white
man guilty. Rejected br defense
. C. K. DuBoae, asked same question
as to views on lynching and gave
same, answer. Rejected hy defense,
T. C. Burns, asked same question
as to lynching; gave same answer;
J. A. Durham, rejected hy State.
B. J. Marrett. otsod aside by court
as he was related within sixth degrcs
to ode of the defendants.
R. B. Owens, rejected by defense.
J. O. Lee. stood aside.ty court as he
waa over the constitutional age limit,
J. P. Walterr, accented.
Otto Shumak^r, lefscted hy defense.
J. A. Smith, asked views on lynch
Question and replied he would con
vict; rejected by defense.
T. C. Bibb, asked as to lynch ques
tion and gave same re pt?; rejected
? ?y Stute. -
I W. T. Burton, accepted.
A. M,'Brown, accepted.
A. H. Adams! asked views on lynch
ing and gave sam? answer that he
Would convict. Rejected hy defense,
J. D. Bright, questioned ss to views
loa lynch question; replied that be
[ would hot convict a wWte mao of
lynching a negro; stood 'said? by
G. !.. Barker, replied that be would
convict for lynching; accepted.
Elias Woodall, accepted.
H. J. Sly. rejected by defense.
C. W. Ly les, replied he would con
vict for lynching. Rejected by State.
T. O. Morriss, stood aside on ac
count ot age.
E. R. Lucas, rejected hy defense.
Joe W. Davis, replied that he would f
aonvlct for lynching. Rejected hy de
W. A. Grant, waft not d?finit., in his
Ideas on lynch question, excused by
J. Carroll Lee, replied that he would
convict for lynching. Accepted.
F. W. Harbot, rejected by defense.
B. W. Mattheson, rejected by State.
F. A. Carroll, stood aslde-.J>y court
as he was opposed to capital punish
R. E. Finley, replied that he would
convict for lynching; accepted.
C. C. Kelley, rejected by defense.
.1. A. Zimmerman, accepted.
W. F. Harbin, stated that he would
convict for lynching; rejected by de
J. B. Satterflold. accepted.
WJB. Stevens, r/itcd ne would con
vict for lynching; accepted.
Death of Major Leonard Roger?.
' ?*'.*' ..';'."*"? > ' 'm l'*
'lariat tu Ila' tntPllisnirer.
WALHALLA, March 1.-The Oconee
bounty. Interdenominational Sunday
ric hool convention met In thc Baptist
.hinch on Saturday morn i tig and was
n session two days., Mr. J. H. Bor
lett vice president, presided on 8at
irday In the absence of the president,
"hartes F. Hetrick or Walhalla was
sleeted president for this year. Dr.
'armen was unable to be. present on
iccount of serious illness.
Professors Faithful and Williams of
Anderson. Mrs. Barts and Miss Hoi
snd of Spartanburg were present and
HscuBsed various topics to large
Ludiences. Mrs. W. P. Reid of Seneca
ind Mrs. J. W. Shel or ot Walhalla,
luperintendentn of the cradle roll and
>rlmary departments delighted the
onvention with u real message on the
mportance of their departments.
Numerous other workers of the coun
y took part In the discussion on va
loua subjects. Twenty-four Sunday
.drools were represented, lt Is gen
erally conceded that this whs the best
onvention ever beld In Oconee Conn
>*? A large delegation will go to
dewberry to the State convention.
Major Leonard Rogers died at his
tome near Salem yesterday morning
ifter a protracted illness.
Major Rogers entered the Conf?d?r
?e service as second lieutenant ot
Company C. Orr's Regiment of Rifles
ind was promoted during the war to
uajor. Major Rogers was born in
>conce County ra?re than ninety years
g?, and has made bis home contln
ioualy near Salem all these years. Ho
rae' a man ox' flue character and waa
i born soldier. Ho was a command-;
ag figure during .the war. being more
han Rix '?et in height and was strlk
B* ls epps^rance, and had ? voice
hat thriiied'hkS men. He waa a mem
ber of tho Bap'tst church and his re
nales will bo burled thliv afternoon at
he family burial grounds six miles
lorth of Valhalla, the Masonic fra
ero! ty officiating. He leaves one
aughter of Salem, and one son,
Willam J. Rogers, a newspaper mau
if Indianapolis Ind.
The preliminary contest to select a
peaker to represent Walhalla high
chool at tbe Oconee ?Tounty Oratorl
al contest meet, was held tn the high
chool auditor'um on Friday night.
*he Judges. D. J. L. 8tokea. Rev. O.
I. Wilcox and E. L. Herndon, Esq..
ecided that Ellison faith had won
rat pluceoand Miitrort DnPre second,
.here, were eight contestants. The
onnty contest will b* held In Wet
alla April ?th at which tim? tea
chaola et the county wilt participate,
hene annual ?vente' have created oo
mall interest among the boy orators
f Oconee. Large'crowds always at
eod theao meeta, and Walhalla ex
acts to fill ita large auditorium with
scating capacity of more than on?
" ... ? i,.
Old Fiddlers Contention.
An old Fiddlers', Convention will he
Iren at fountain View, school Fri
ar evening. ?March 5, /rem eight un
it ten thirty o'clock.
Lunches will be served.
Tea couta admission.
?i ?mt i i M.i mmmm\ i MWWl i IPI "ft - >. *?* S .PM* >T/x*??j8i?^^
SOUTHERN BLOSSOMS CO.
. A rip roaring; farce comedy
See thia show, and if yon don't say that Ute
black faced comedian Isn't the heat in the ?South,
your money hack if yon want lt.
Also see Baby Al ii. Williams the tire year old
wonder, af the stage. He certainly bus made a bia:
MOVIES FOR TODAY
*SI10BT?'S AUYENTCHKfMN TALE CIT**
Broncho two reels.' .
?\AT THE BOTTOM OF THILOS"
\ . Reliance.
1 . .
THE TROUBLE ABOUT
Meal and Acid
The trouble about fertilizing with meal and acid Is ?.at you get
your uinmoitfa from one source eal y J and that ls meal und ii ail |rJ*e>
?-ct at ojare. .Meal ls meei yeo know. lu on* mixed goods yr-a ?ti
the ammonia 'rem meal and tish aed blood and tankage, and Sulphate
of AnuubuiH, and ns one of thbae ^amfttenhttCM gires ?U?? ttiio?h% ;
comes la se that yea hare your cotton and your wm supplied with
plant feed from the time it sprouts la the arenad, all through the
norklng seamen aad thropgh the laylng.by season, and uuti? lt ls
ready to he gathered. Elah and blotd last longer than meal, and BUL
phate ol Ammonia acts more quickly than mea! aad HO hy using
these mixed goods of oars yon get e. complete fertiliser.
When year meal wives; eut year co tien shed*. The reason cotton
sheds is because Jt bas not sufficient plant food. Ho when the men!
ls Used np ta the soil your cotton sheds, lt cannot do aaythipg else.
And thea oar mixed goods are more thoroughly mixed than the meal
and acid will be? Yon could talx lt as thoroughly ss we ?an ff you
j were prepared fer li- But JOB are not prepared ant* lt won't pay you
> to prepare for St for one farm. We expect to supply a great many
'v.jj&tm* with fertilizer and lt pays a? to prepare to hare our ingred- .
lents th?roBfbly mixed. Where an improperly mixed fertiliser is used
your crop will he irregular aid rte all knew that the ?rep that torus
cfit the cotton ls the crop that rans regular aU through! Wc ? Heve
it lu economical to da? the mixed goods Instead ef felling your meal
and acid. We will be glad ta sell yen.
Anderson Phosphate & Oil
Ive believe ear 8-itf-l in the goods fer rotten and corn this year.
A great many are buying it. / A. F. ? O, CO,