Newspaper Page Text
NEW SERIES, VOL. 1, NO. ?. W??kly. l?tobU??e* 18?; Dal?* Jan. 18, !'./.<.
_'_ ?_._ _
ANDERSON, S. C.,
MORNING, MA\32, 1914.
PRICE $1.50 THE YEAR,
DEVELOPMENTS IN MEXICAN
INTEREST IN EUROPEAN
TO VERA CRUZ
Evacuation of Capital by Obre
gon Forces Brings Feeling of
Relife to Officials at Wash
(Ry AwK-i?it.Mi Fros*.)
WASHINGTON, March y.-/?aerl
can citizens again have been warned
to leave Mexico City in view of
the critical situation.
Secretary Bryan announced tonight
that transportation facilities would
be sought for as many as desired
The battleship Georgia and the ar
moivti duiner Washington were or
dered by Secretary Daniels, after
conferences \<|it/h President Wildon,
to prot?eed immediately to Vera Cruz.
Consular messages from Vera Cruz
stated that it was reported there that
th? evacuation of Mexico City begun
Enrique C. Ll?rente, General Vil
gta's Washington representative, re
ceived a inessage saying Zapatista
forces occupied Mexico City today
immediately on thc evacuation of
Word came from American Contiul
Siiiiuidu that* at a personal interview
W??J General Carranza he had deliv
ered, tho formal note from the. United
States government demanding an-Im
provement' m eondttiouB* ToT'Tomgn
ers in the territory under hlB con
. OHTNludoWs ; joropean War.
ThCBO wer? tho nrinri??oi -Jevc?cp -
Tenta today in the Mexican situation,
the importance of which today over
shadowed in official Washington in
terest in the European war.
Although the contents of the note
to Carranza were not announced, Ita
tone impressed members of the dip
lomatic corps thjat serious conse
quences wouId_ensue of- Carranza
'failed to heed tts demands. The Unit
ed Ftates, lt waa learned, described
conditions as "intolerable" and called
on Carranza to take steps neceasaory
to correct the situation. Incendiary
utterances of General Obregon were
. noted by the American government
likely to stir up dangerous feeling
ago^iat. foreigners, Riving rise possi
bly to riots and outragea?
Not An ritimatoni.
The note pointed out that if harm
befell foreigners the American gov
ernment - would hold Carranza ofi
ci?is "personally responsible" and
would take the .necessary means to
Impose Uie responsibility where It
belonged. The communication was
not tn the nature of an ultimatum.
President Wilson himself declured
(that the United States did uot Issue
ultimatums, but presented views and
in view, of the American warning,
it was considered likely the Obregon
forces would nott evacuate Mexico
City without arranging for the polic
ing of the capital. Reports that evac
uation bad begun and that no disor
ders had arisen brought a feeling of
relief to officials, who believed that
Carranza . would not fail to answer
tlic American government with the
. requisite action for the protection of
the foreign era.
In a hvnso, there was an absence
in official quarters of apprehension
that drastic measures would be re
quired to enforce the American note.
Thp movfement of .warships to Mexi
and the warning to Amer
icans, it was admitted, however, had
been decided upon out ot an abun
dance of precaution.
: The entry of Zapatista forces, it
was believed the situation, as lt
^ean the reopening of corri
muttJea*.Jon. north to the American
rho mending of the warships to
Vera Cruz, it was stated On high au
thority,, WUP. fov the purpose e! con
vincing Carranza o? tho determina
tion ot the United States to take
drastle steps If necessary.
Tho vieyv of the interruption of
ral lr-jad communication between
Morice City and Vera Cruz, except
for m?itary purposes, the stato do
??vt mont waa prepared to insist that
ina be provided for Americans
Who desire te reach the sea.
...farrans* A genny Denies Hebert*.
The Carranza agency here Issued
*.no?her denial tonight of reporta of
l Obregon's activities, giving
.elegrani from Obregon himself
ho had interfered with
ED ON LASf'PAGB).
o PREPARING FOR WAR o
o - o
o (Hy Associated Press.) o
o DOUGLAS, Ariz.. Marth. 9. o
o -llelotit raids by roving banda o
o of Mexican factiontsts upon o
o stock and food supplies have o
o caused the Kickapoo Indians in o
o eastern Sonora to prepate for o
o war. according to several tribes- o
o men who arrived here today to o
o communicate with ?he Washing- o
0 ton government. o
o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o
THAW'S ATTORNEYS FAIL
TO GET TESTIMONY BE
Defense Will Not Call Evelyn
Nesbit Thaw to Testify in
(By Associated Pr??.)
NEW YORK, March 9.-Attorneys
for Harry Kendall Thaw, slayer of
Stanford White, today made their first
attempt lu get testimony concornCtig"
his sanity into the record of his trial
for cpnspiring to escape from Mattea
wan. Tho attempt was unsuccessful.
lt v.:;G v.-!,;;,- Viiiiam Goroon, a
Beaion; N. Y., hotelkceper, was on
thc witness stand that Justice Page,
before whom the trial of Thaw and
five co-defendants is in progress ' la
thc criminal branch of the supreme
court, sustained the prosecution's ob
jection against the introduction of
such testimony. It was* understood,
however, that the ruling applied solely
to Gordon's testimony.
Qordon, after telling of the mat.y
visits Thaw made to his hotel, while
on his way to an / from habeas cor
pus proceedings which he instituted,
was asked by Thaw's cour\el whether
the defendant appeared to be fully ra.
tional at all times.
Tho prosecution objected, pointing
out that the witness had admitted it
was quite a while prior to the day of
the escape that he last had talked with
Thaw. Moreover, thc prosecution con
tended, the sole issue to bc decided
was the guilt of the defendant and hts
In upholding the objections Justice
Page said that if it was the idea* ot
Thaw's counsel to show through the
witness Gordon that Thaw was o,"
sound mind at the time Of hts escape,
he thought his testimony on that sub
ject necessarily must be "remote."
John B. Stanchfleld. chief of Thaw's
legal advisers, asserted after adjourn
ment late today that he would make
a further attempt tomorrow to get
testimony concerning Thaw's sanity
before the jury. The defense of Thaw
hinges on the claim that he was sane
at the time of his escape and wss be
ing detained Illegally.
Franklin Kennedy, < special deputy
attorney general in charge ot the pros,
ecutlon. anonncod uVight that he ex
pected to complete the State's case
by tomorrow afternoon.
Aside from Gordon's testimony, vir
tually all the evidence taken today
bad to do with the renting nf the big
automobile in which Thaw lied as far
as New Hampshire, the presence and
actions In Holland and the hotel at
Beacon, N. Y., which adjoin Ma' ->a
won of the co-defendants; the owner
ship of the landaulet which figured in
the escape and the identification of
I court records.
Mr. Kennedy., in outlining the
State's cai.* today, asserted that
Thnw was Insane at the time of his
escapo and that to allow him to be at. I
largo at this time would constitute a
menace to the public safety.
. Although lt was ?air? earlv in the
day that. Evelyn Nesbit Thaw had stat
ed her intention to testify in her hus
band's behalf. Thaw's attorneys de
clared they would not call her. *
O Valuable Htoek Killed. o
o SYRACUSE, Nf; Y.. March 9.-o
o Two hundred'tod- thirty one head p
o of cattle, one a boll valued . at o
o 910,000. wer? killed hy federal o
o and State inspectors today in o
o their campaign against the hoof n
o'and mouth disease. o
oooooooooooo ooo o o o o o
Herc ls a photograph just taken lu
Constantinople which proves, despite
reports that the Sultan is about to
leave with his harem, that the Ameri
can ling still flies unharmed. The pic
ture whs taken at the Calata bridge.
Will Be Placed Under Co
Purpose of Increasing
the Most Drastic
& .......-.-:-?-M-i. Parh^
(By Associated Press.)
LONDON. March 9.-The house of
I commons today gave t".ie government
authority to take over the control of
the country's, entire engineering
trade, and to place it under a coni
>blned management for tho purpose
of increasing the output of war mun
itions. This- drastic action was the
oustanding feature hero of ijno day's
war news. Although public interest
In the bombardment of tho Dar
danelles continues at a high .pitch,
there was little nows from tho laud
The defense of the realm act. pass
ed, at the outbreak of war, gave the
government power to control works
where war materials actually were
being made. David Lloyd' George,
chancellor of the exchequer, on be
half of the go^rnment, today asked
that the control of the mannufactor
tes be extended to works capable of
beiug used for that purpose.
This power was granted unani
mously, although Andrew Donar Law,
? opposition leader, described the
measure ns "probably the. most dras
tic ever laid before parliament."
Complete Surprise. -
This step on ' t>he part of the gov
ernment came aa a compile surprise,
although Mr. Lloyd George, in a
speech at Bangor last week, em
phasized the importance of increas
ing the .output of war munitions,
which labor disputes bad threaten
ed to diminish. Now the workers in
the engineering trade will be in the
position of public servants and the
government hopdh this fact .will im
press them with the importance of
keeping up the supplies. A business
man will be given charge of the or
With the war area extending and
the elie ?f the army and navy con
stantly increasing, the. government
found that something must be done
to keep th? fighting branches sup
plied with arms and ar munition.
Thc fleet bombarding tho Dardaneles
alone is using an Immense quantity
ot ammunition. ^
Fleet Kel ufo rood.
The operations of this fleei, now
reported to 4mve beea reinforced by
another battleship of the Queen Elis
abeth class, and which Is *.nown to
Include moro ehlps than mentioned
lo dispatches, continue to occupy the
british people. ' *
Reports that three of the forts
gnaitltng the narrows, one on the
European and two on tho Asiatic
side, all armed with 14-inch guns,
have be?n tlleneed, have increased
the confidence of the British public
that their warships will force the
Benefit of Openln? "?rait*.
In addition to the military and
economic importance the opening of
tb* straits would have, the Allies are.
said to believe lt would have an ini
c?ense effect cot only on Turkey, but
Ob Turkey's neighbors. Greece, di-1
reedy is involved in a constitutional
crista over the Dardanelles and it
j was reported today that a similar
n Fiag Stii Files in Const!
one of thc famouajbridgos in Constan
tinople crossing mn ann of thc Los
por.us from Istainjboul, tho Turkish
quarter of the City, to Pera, the
European quarter. The Ha? ia to be
uoen on the small, excursion steamer
in tho left cf tho picture: No other
nment Given I
>mbmed Management for
Output of Wai Muni
;crib^d as Probably
Ever Laid Before
jnaenjfc ..-:/&&??v. . .
Icrisis hud a; ?mu in bulgaria, where i
lt was said the premier wan demand
ing intervention on the sido o? the
Allies in opposition to the wishes
of King Ferdinand, who, it is de
clared, desires to remain neutral.
In Greece M'. Co una ris has under
taken to form a ' cabinet to succeed I
that of M. Venizclos and threatens to j
dissolve parliament if that hody does !
not endorse his policy of friendly neu.
frailty towards the allies. It is be
lieved in London, however, that the
people will force the Greek govern
ment to intervene and that M. Ven
Ilz/.os socl will be back in office.
Fighting ob Land.
In the ?.ast and the west fighting be.
tween the Germans and the allies con
tinues. The Russians claim another
victory in the region of Auguslowo,
in North Poland, a short distance
from the East Prussian frontier,
which threatens to brea lr communi
cation between thc Gcinula near the
lower Niemen and ' those ' before Os
In central Poland the battle which
had promised to develop onf the Pillea
River seems to have died down, owing,
as Petrograd puts lt, to the Russians
beings too strong for the Germans,
who were forced to abancfn their of
fensive and fall back under a RUB
slan counter attacks.
But Little Change Jn Carpathians.
Things seemingly haye changed lit
tle in the Carpathians, although thc
Russians, according to their reports,
apparently have improved their posi
tion on the Hungarian Bide of. the
Dukin Pass. Petrograd claims an
Austrian defeat near Svidnik, on the
.Cudawa River a considerable distance
inside Hungarian terltory. Tjbe Aus
trians. however, stil are'attacking the
j Russians south of Boligrod, on the
Gallean side of the mountains, east of
tho Dukla Pass.
The Vosges mountains, the Cham
prgne district and the Arras region
continue to be the scenes of hard
lighting In the west, but apparently
neither side has gamed any distinct
Gvnoral Louis Botha's campaign
against German south wiV. Africa,
which has been almost lost sight of j
owing to the bigger-events in Europe
and Asia, is progressing. One of
Botha's armies, advancing ip the
south, ia reported to have -occupied j
a German camp north ot Ukamas. 40
miles' north of tho border, and to have j
captured a large number of tents,
provisions, clothing and transport sr .
ooo ooo o o boooooo o ooo
o Killed by Highwayman. o
o DURHAM. N. C., March 9.- o
o Buckelt M. Mann, a prominent o
o local merchant, was killed here o
o lat? last night by highwaymen, o
o His skull was crushed by a blow o
o with a club. A pocuet-book con- o
o faining a large sum or mosey was o
o missing. Np clew to the slayers o
o haa been found. o
o oo ooo oo ooooooo o ooo
flag ls visible. In fact, none oxcept
the German and Austrian would be
possible there. Turkey is cither nt
war with every -other nation or so
near it that such public display o?
the ting of one or them would cause
RULED AS A CZAR
PROSECUTION SAYS' TERRE
! HAUTE MAYOR HEADED
28 ON TRIAL FOR
Clauns One-Legged Colored Man
Voted Eight Times Using Dif
ferer! Leg Each Time
(By Amnriutut PI-PM.)
INDIANAPOLIS, March 0.-Just
I as United States ' District Attorney
I Prank C. Dalley closed the opening
i statement for the government today
! in the trial of Mayor Donn M. Rob
erts, of Terre Haute, nod 27 others
charged with ol?rtlnn corruption.
Former Congressman A. .0. Stan
ley, chief counsel for the defense,
objected to that part of Halley's
speech dealing with events subse
quent to the beginning of the elec
tion InvestlgaMoa by the federal
grand jury. The objection was over
Dailey declared that Hilton Red
man, one of thc defendarv4.?, and son
of Judge E. H. Redman, another de
fendant.- bas conducted a training
school for grand jury witnesses in
Terre Haute. Stanley contended that
this statement bad no bearing on the
The courtroom was crowded today.
In thc throng were a number of wo
men who said they "bed bolted the
Mississippi Valley .s?ffrr?go confor
enco" In session here, to attend
The defense will make its open
ing statement tomorrow.
In his open'ig statement District
Atty. Dailey outlined tho facts-the
government expects to prove and de
clared that Roberts was tho bead of
the conspiracy and that he -'ruled as
a Czar." He told how the government
contends .the false registrations were
made, of the alleged rough work at
the polls, of the manner of collect
ing and the amount of the socalled
"iiberts gave orders and his
henchmen olioyed without question,"
assiAled the district attorney. "He
had had long experience In tho lar
ceny of olectlonB and he knew not
only bow it could bc done. butSupon
whom ho could rely to do lt.. He
made his appointments of . city em
ployes largely upon their qualifica
tions as election manipulators."
About 2,000 false registrations
were prepared at Terre Haute polico
headquarters by Chief of Police Ed
ward Holler, who pleaded guilty at
the direction of Roberts, Mr. Dailey
told the jury. Ha said Roberts and
Holler decided on tho nur.tber of
false registrations to make tn each
precinct and then set about manu
(CONTINUED ON L^T'PA?S)."^
o GERMANY TO MAKE o
0 PEACE PROPOSALS o
o - o I
o (Hy Associated Press.)
o LONDON. March 10 2:08 a. m.
o-thc Daily Telegraph'? Parla?)
o correspondent says lio learns that o
o Dr. von Hcthmunii-Hollwcg. the o
o German imperial chancellor, will o
o make a statement In the Reich- o
o ?.tag today netting forth the terms o
o of which Germany is willing to o
o make peace. o j
O O O O O O O O o o o o o o o o o o o o
WILL NOT GRANT
CHINA INTERPRETS JAPAN'S
NOTE AS THREAT TO EM
BY MARCH 12
Believed China Will Only Con
cede the Eleven Demands
(hy Ak.v*t?t?l Pim)
PEKING, March 0 (8:23 p. m.).-M.
Hiokl, Japanese minister hero, has
delivered to the Cfai???? foreign min
ister a communication whleh Chine,
interprets as implying that unless
Japan's recent demands are accepted
by March 12, force would be employed.
The notice is not considered an
ultimatum hy the Chinese government,
but lai Cheng-Helang, the foreign
minister, alter a series of confer<|lces
witli Pr?sident Yuan Shi Kai, has de
cided to expedite discussion of the dc
mauds with the Japanese legation and
to agree quickly to those which China
considers it possible to accept.
Answering the Japanese Insistence
for expedition, the Chinese represen
tatives argued the impossibility of
negotiating consequential issues hast
There is reason to believe thut tho
foreign office has informed Japan that
the iilmosrchlna Is ablo to concede is
the eleven demands which Japan
OHglnally communicated to the pow
ers, with their safeguarding-modifica
Today's conference resulted In no
further definite progress, and it would
appear that another deadlock Hhs been
reached. It was agreed today, how
ever, to begin holding conferences
three times a week Instead of twice
a week as in tho past.
Thinks Japan Will Observe Treaty.
LONDON. March 9 (5:30 p. m.).
Speaking in the house of gommons to
day. Foreign Secretary Grey said be
hr/i no doubt Japan would observe
the treaty of 1905, under which Japan
and Great Britain guaranteed the In
tegrity and independence of China to
gether with equal commercial oppor
tunities to all nations.
Nothing New at Washington.
WASHINGTON. March 9.-Presi
dent Wilson confined his comment on
the Par Eastern nltimtion today to
saying there had been no "reprtsen
tatlona" to Japan or China on Japan's
demanda. "Hiere was nothing new In
the situation, he told his callera.
TOKIO. March ? (3:55 p. m.).-The
Japanese government has received a
friendly inquiry from the United
States calling attention to the differ
ence between tbe Japanese and Chin
ese versions of Japan's demands on
' In reply Japan has sent a supple
mentary note to the great powers
summarizing tbs articles not Included
in her first statement on this subject.
Japan explains thst as these articles
were In the nature of requests con
cerning old and long pending ques
tions: between herself and China, she
had not felt previously any obligation
.to impart them to the powers.
It generally is understood in Tokio
that neither the United States nor any
European powers has registered ob
lection to the Japanese demanda, and
the impression prevails here that
Japan ia determined to bring about as
acceptance of moat if not al of them.
Delaware Against Woman Suffrage.
DOVER, Del.. March 9.-Tho Dela
Ware house ot representatives todav
defeated the equal suffrage amend
ment, 22 to 8.
THREE BRITISH MERCHANT
STEAMERS SUNK WITH
OUT GIVING WARNING
AT THREE WIDELY
The North Sea, The English
Channel and Irish See Scenes
of Disasters-37 Men
(Hy Ajworistnl Prow.)
LONDON. March 10.-German sub
marines appeared early Tuesday
morning at three widely separated
points on the British coast, and, it la
stated officially, without fifing warn
ing to the crews, sank three British
In one case, that of the ?teamer
Tun gis tan. which was torpedoed off
.Scarborough, In the North Sea, 37 men
of her crew of 38 are missing. Only
one man from the vessel was picked
1 up. The attack which sent the Taug
Istan to the bottom was made halt aa
hour after midnight.
At 0 o'clock in the morning another
i lubmarine sank the steamer' Black
wood off Hastings, In the English
j Channel, w, '? a third submarine sank
the steamer > rincess Victoria off Liv*
-rpjoi at a quarter past 9 o'clock.
! News of the lateat exploita of Ger
man submarines came Just as the Brit.
isb public was congratulating them'
oolv?s that the threatened German aaa
blockade had been a failure. ,
-As e??ii <?>? ?ui kwis'WOi iorpsdoed
in a neriod nf i??a ^?r?, it
would seem probable that ali three
were sunk by different under-watcr
Where Vessels Were Sunk.
Scarborough, off which port the
Tangistun was sunk, ls on the North
Sea, in Yorkshire; Hastings is on the
English Channel In Sussex, and Liv
erpool ls virtually on the Irish 8ea,
The Tangistan, the largest nf the
sunken vessels, was of 2,393 tous dis
placement. She was built in 1906 and
owned by the Strick line, of Swansea.
The Blackwood waa built In 1907
and belonged to the Tyneside line, et
North Shields. She was a 741-ton veer
The Princess Victoria waju>wned by
M. Langlands & Sons, of Glasgow. 8he
was a steamer of 616 tona displace
ment and was built in 1894.
Only One Escaped.
WEST H ARTEPOOL, via London.
March 10 (1:59 a. m.).-The crew ot
38 men of the British steamer Tang
ifltan, were drowned, except one mah,
according to a statement made by the
solo survivor of the vessel, landed
here by the steamer Woodville.
"Tue Tangistan," said this man,
"was torpedoed off Scarborough. She
was struck'amidships and went down
almost immediately. All the members
of the crew were In the - life-boats,
but they were unable to disconnect
the lowering tackle before the ship
sank and dragged down the boats with
her. I caught a piece of wreckage
and clung to it for nearly three hours
in the Icy water until I was rescued.'-'
Suffered From Exposure,
LIVERPOOL, via London. March, 10
(2:25 a. m.).-The crear ot the ?team
er Princess Victoria were towed h?ro
In two small boats late yesterday. The
mt-n were suffering from exposure.
Telling ot the sinking ot his vessel by
a German submarine. Hie captain
"The submarine discharged a tor
pedo at us without even showing ber
periscope. At 9:16 o'clock tbe steers
man suddenly shouted 'A torpedo ls
coming!' He had-seen the while
swirl of the missile. Even as he spoke
it hit us. and a violent explosion fol
lowed, which caused the vessel In
stantly to Hst heavily.
"I ordered two boats overboard
?nd the crew scrambled In? > them.
|>ur sh??> dlsaoneared In sNmt ?5 min
utes. We rowed in Uva direction of
Liverpool. Five hours In the open
bouts nearly did us up."
TornedoH WHhoot Werai**.
NEW HAVEN. England. ~?a London.
March 10 (10:30 a. m.>.-To? captain
and crew of the stvarher Blackwood,
which was sunk off Hastings st 6
o'clock Tuesday morn lr", were land
ed here Tuesdav nlgK? |W say their
vessel, bound from Btvth for Havre,
waa torpedoed without warning, SO
rniU; r?i?fc nf Dunsens**.
Foarlng submarine?, the men sar
tbev bad their bnr&ts swung oat ?ad
ready 'or launching and that, there
fore, all were saved. Nobody was in
Tho -*es?el sank within tan minute
after she wai streck.