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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1911-current, October 12, 1911, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067671/1911-10-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Entered Apri-- C. a- sec4nd class mai1 tuatier, ander act of Conreus of JIarch 3, 1879
41st YEAR PICKENS, S. C., OCTOBER 12, 191' r
THE DYING
OF THE PINE
Cause and Remedy-An Addres
Delivered by E. B. Mason,
at the Fair.
. GaTLEmE:-During the ear
ly part of this summer Dr. A
D. Hopkins, who has charge ol
Forest Insect Investigation anc
all Forest Insect Field Station
for the Bureau of Entomology
Department of Agriculture, al
Washington, D. C., made z
trip through parts of the Soutt
:to get first-hand information or
the dying of the pine, reportei
by our correspondents. H(
found much infested timber it
which the broods of the South
ern pine beetle were In s
healthy and thriving condition.
The great number of holes ir
the bark of the dead trees it
which the broods of the beetl
-had devoloped, and from whicl
they had emerged, indicated th(
presence of the beetle in larg(
numbers.
It has been known for morE
than forty years that the beetl
has existed in the Southern
states, but it ap wev
iteryal doe
t Icrease o such large num
bers as to cause wide-spreai
depredation, such as,. for exam
ple, the-great invasion of 1890
'93, which destroyed a veri
large percentage of all the pin4
in the Virginias.
The increase in the numbe:
of pines killed each year and i
the size of the groups ~consti
tutes the danger sig1.:d of ax
-outbreak with resulting wide
spread depredations, These ar
A just the conditions found in th<
localities observed-I am quot
ing Dr. Hopkins' exact words
"And from the. reports receivei
from different sections of th4
South, ranging from Texas t<
Virginia, it is evident that thei
prevail throughout at least th
greater part of the short leal
pine belt. Therefore, there ii
every reason to believe"-I an
still quoting Dr. Hopkins-"tha1
unless prompt and properly di
rected action is taken by owner:
of pine timber throughout thi:
region during the coming win
ter, a large percentage of th4
best old, as well as middle-age<
and young pine, will be kille<
within the next two or thre4
years."
I am not going to waste a sin
gle word on the dead pines
they are gone. Those of yoi
who have seen them will agree
with me that it is a sad sight,
What we want to do is t<
show you how to save the pin<4
that is left.
This beetle, that is killing oul
pine, is not a new discoyery. I1
has always been with us. Ir
the early days when it was de
sired to clear a piece of pinm
land for agicultural purposesil
was customary, during the sum
mer months, to cut a small liv.
ing pine and let it lean againsi
a larger standing tree. The sur
rounding timber quickly died.
Our ancestors did not knovw
what killed the pine. They
only know that it was killed
and that quickly. Scientific mn
vestigations by Dr. Hopkins, t<
whom we owe all our .informa
tion on this subject, has showr
that it was caused by identi.
cally the same beetle that is
killing the pine throughout the
South at the present time.
-The very same condition ex
ists to-day. If you cut a living
tree during the summer months
the beetle will be attracted by~
the smell of the pitch and will
attack and kill the surrounding
timber.
Furthermore, if you cut a
dead pine the smell of the wood
will attract the- beetle with ex
actly the same result-the sur
rounding timber will be at
tacked and killed.
Therefore, if you do not wish
to put your timber in danger, di
not cut any living or dead trees
during the month of October.
unless every one in the neigh
borhood cuts -their dying
timber at the same time, ane
only then under specific advice
As for the beetle you need no
be directly interested in it. It
is y small and hard to find
-a 'siy confounded witi
ny other beetles that do no
netremYain
seen this work you will always
recognize it.
In order that you may tho
roughly understand'the reasons
for our methods of control, let
us give you a summary of the
life of the beetle, beginning
with the summer:
The beeJles kill a tree and
leave it in about thirty days or
even more quickly. Three or
four broods in the North and
four or five, or possibly.more, in
the South, develop during the
year. In other words, they may
be increased four or five times
from their original number du
ring a season.
They fly in swarms during
the night, light -on the upper
trunk of a pine (they are seldom
found,in the first eight or ten
feet butt cut), and preferably on
the largest and best timber.
They bore through the bark to
the wood, but do not bore into
the wood. On the surface of the
wood they make those winding
galleries with which you all are
familiar. These galleries, cross
ing and recrossing one another,
girdle the trees many times
thus killing them. The eggs
are laid m- mt&- galleries,
mng into little grubs wich
feed on the sticky inner bark
for a short time, and then go
into the outer bark where they
change into beetles with wings.
The beetles bore through the
bark to the night and fly away
in swarms to attack other trees.
They can fly for three or four
miles, may go in any direction,
and are, therefore, a menace to
all timber within this circle, of
three or four miles radius.
Since the beetles kill and leave
a tree in thirty days or even
more quickly, you will never
find their broods in old dead
trees. You will never find their
broods in trees that have been
dead a month or more. You
will find them in trees on which
the foliage is changing to light
green, or has changed to yellow,,
or greenish brown. You will
find many other beetles in qld
dead trees, but never this one.
In November the beetles go
into living trees, and their life
history is the same as in sum
mer, with one exception-they
lay their eggs. The eggs hatch
into little grubs which feed a
short time on the .inner bark,
and then go into the outer bark
where they> may or may not
change into beetles.
I mentioned one exception to
their summer life. It is this:
They do not come 'out in thirty
days; they do not come out till
spring.
Gentlemen, you have them
trapped. That is the time to go
after them.
It is only necessary to cut
down the trees in which the
beetles are and destroy the
bark in which the broods of the
beetle are wintering. You do
not have to destroy the wood,
they only groove it slightly.
Furthermore, there are so
many beneficial beetles in the
tops that feed on this destructive
one, that it is really better to
leave the tops in the woods.
Remember these particular
beetles are never in old dead
trees, or in trees from which
the foliage is falling. or has
fallen, only in the light green,
yellow or greenish-brown trees
-these are the 'only ones it is
absolutely necessary to cut
down. and the bark of which
must be burned before the bee
tes leave it in the spring.
About destroying the bark, it
can be destroyed in several
ways, and in most cases in such
a manner as not to involve any
direct expense.
The trees in which the beetles
are spending the winter, name
ly, the light green, yellow o:
greenish-brown trees, may be
turned into cordwood, and the
cordwood must beiburned before
February 15th. Be careful to
gather up all the bark that falls
incutting, and turn that also.
These same kind of trees may
be sawed into lumber and the
slabs burned before February
15th. If there is any doubt
about the burning of the slabs,
it is far better to have the bark
Istripped off the infested logs
and burned under your own
supervision.
If you do not wish to cut
your trees for cordwood or tim
iber, for youy~fwn protection,
gentlemen, ' c' out .those
at ar ~tdwg the
+ grean.'e llow
and greenish-brown ones, cut
them down. strip off the bark
and burn it.
I want to stop here and give
you some ammunition to fight
two popular mistakes.
Some people will tell you that
the dying of the pine is due to
the dry weath-r.
You can tell them that when
a tree dies from drouth the
roots and lower part of the
trunk die first, and if they
will look at the pines that are
dying to-day, they will find the
lower port Of the trunk very
much alive.
Some people will tell you that
large white worms called borers
or sawyers Wiat make a hole in
the wood are responsible for the
death of the pine. This is cer
tainly a mistaken idea, but a
very natural one on account of
the size of the sawyer and the
noise it makes when at work.
It has long since been deter
mined, however, that this class
of borers never bore into
healthy, uninjured pine; and,
furthermore, gentlemen, they
could not kill it if they did.
You can't kill a pine by making
holes in it-vou have to girdle
it. For example, long leaf pine
is boxed each year for turpen
*pe. making a very severe
wo -nd it does not neces
sarily die."i ar maples are
tapped each year Ji.-Ad
still live.
I now come to the point on
which absolutely depends the
success or failure of our efforts
to control the beetle. Remem
ber that these beetles can fly for
three or four miles. Therefore,
if you have sound timber and
your neighbor has beetles in his
ines and does not attend to
them during the winter, when
spring comes, the beetles from
his trees are just as likely to
attack your pines as those of
any one else.
We must have co-operation.
We must get every one to cut
their dying infested timber in
November, and destroy the
bark during the coming winter.
As individuals you are help
less. As a community you can
control the beetle and stop the
dying of, the pine.
The Departmnent of Agricul
ture through the Bureau of En
tomology has established a
Forest Insect Field Station at
Spartanblurg, S. C., from which
to give practical advice founded
on scientific research.
In Novrember the Bureau of
Entomology at Washington will
send out thousands of circulars
giving specific directions how
to control this beetle. We
should like to have every one of
you gentlemen write to us and
give us the location o.. dead and
dying pine in your neighbor
hood. Those .of you who have
healthy timber now can keep it
healthy by showing your neigh
bor how to dispose of the infest
ation on his land..
If we had the location of all
infested timber to-day. and
were in touch with the owners
so as to secure complete co
operation, we might be able to
advise a simultaneous summer
cutting and burning -of the bai'k
over large areas, but you can
easily understand that this can
not be safely undertaken until
every one knowvs exactly what
to do and how to do it.
I want to sum up in as few
words as possib~le wh :t I h avye
First. Don't ciit any liv ig
or dead timber during the sum
mer months without sp< cific ad(
vice. This is to protect your
own timber.
o:ad. From November on
the winter watch ont
hat are turning light
.low or greenish-brown.
.on't all change at the
ame time, because there are
less beetles in some than in
others. Cut them down :md
destroy the bark, the beetles are
in it. You don't have to bother
with old dead treesr that died
during 4he sum mer-tiere are
none of these beetles in thgn.
You don't have to burn the topsy.
This is to protect your own tim
ber and that of your neighbor
as well.
Third. Get all your neigh
bors working together. Co
operate. We can only give. ad
vice. Your salvation-~ lies in
your own hands.
You are the jue of how
muc the pine
tell vo how to s:ave it. If you
follow our advice you can save
it. Why not unite with us and
1do it
We want the names and ad
dresses of every owner of pine
timber, so we cana send then the
literature we have on hand and
all the subsequent literature we
issue. We shonld like to have
each one of you write us and
send us the nmtnes of your
neighbors who have dying pines.
If there is no dyii pine in yur
section, write and tell us so. It
will help us to locate the extent
of the infestation.
I thank you for your atten
tion, and I hope and believe that
you are going t) be missionaries
to help save the pine that is left.
National Aid Against Peliagra.
Congress will be asked by the
Public Health- and Marine Hos
pital Service to appropriate fifty
thousand dollars to the suppres
sion of pellagra.
This is significant of a nation
al awakening to the menace of
one of the most wasteful and,
thus far, baffiling diseases of
modern times. Though the re
cord of pellagra runs far back
into the centuries, its presence
in this country has but recently
aroused public attention. Con
munities have suddenly realized
that it has fastened itself upon
their people and is claiming a
For sone years paitie a
specialists have been studying
this malady and they have found
for its treatn-ent methods which
are more or less su;ccessful. But
it is only within the past few
years. or, we may say, within
the past few months that the
need of a united public cam
paign against the scourge has
been thoroughly understood.
Fortunately, however, cities
and states are at last bestirring
themselves in an effort to find
and apply the remedy. Atlanta
presents an interesting example
of this activity.
A few -moniths ago there was
no institution in this city for the
treatment of pellagra cases. The
only recourse for persons thus
afflicted was to 'lie down and
die. The local (death rate from
the disease was rapidly increas
ing. With its well proved ca
pacity for meeting social emer
gencies, the Associated Chari
ties established a free clinic for
the treatment and cure of pella
gra. This was soon followed by
the establishment of a pellagra
sanitarium by the Baptist tab.
ernacle.
What has been (lone here
should b~e done throughout the
country, particularly in the
south, for it is only by combat
ing this disease through organ
-ized public ~agencies that ade
quate headway can h~e made.
The state as well as city gov
ernments should join the cam
paign and it is to be hoped that
the nation will provide means
for furthering this imperative
work.-Atlanta Journal.
Impulsive.
Pat, intent on emigrating. as he was
out of work, stops before a newsdeal
es store and reads a placard with
"Situation In Egypt" upon it.
"Sure I've come about that situation
you're advertising."
"What situation do you meanr'
Pat (pointing to poster)-it's the
wonn in Agypt I'm after.
"Pooh' That's on the state of af
fars"
"sorra a ha'porth I eare whose estate
it's on. Bedad, I'll take it!"-London
Mail.
North Pickens Appointments.
The following are the appoint
ments of Rev. E. L. Thomason,
P astor of the North Pickens cir
1uit for the Year of our Lord,
1911. Let everybody encourage
he preacher by keeping his ap
pointments in mind and giving
him good congregations:
Porter's Chapel 1st Sun. 11a. mn.
Friendship 1st Sun. :3 p. m.
Bethel 2d Sun. 11 a. m.
Nv -Hope 2d Sun. 3 p. mn.
MKinnie's Chapel 2d Sun 11
a. m.
Salem 4th Sun. 11-a. m..
Secret Order Meetings.
Masonic-A. F. & A. M. meets
~aturday nights on or before
th full moon
Cipter-R. A. M. meets Fri.
day iMghts on or after the full
moon., -.
K. of P.-Meets every Mon
day night after the fist and
tra sul -
w. O. w.-a ~eets every first
and third Tues ay nights.
City Council eets Tuesday
nights after firt .ondays.
ITHE METHODISTS
ARE GREAI
'Statistics of Much Interest From
Seventeen Countries of the
World.
From press dispatches of last
week of the reports sent out from
Toronto. Canada, of the Decu
menical conference of the Meth
odist Episcopal churches we give
the followinr:
The principal subject of dis
cussion of the Decumenical con
ference of the Methodist Episco
pal churches was the decrease
in membership which had taken
place the world over during the
last decade.
The Western section, compris
ing the Methodist church in the
United States, Canada and Ja
pan. reported during that period
a loss in net membership increase
while the Eastern section, cov
ering the churches in Great Brit
ain, Ireland, France, South Af
rica, Australia and the mission
field, showed an absolute loss in
membership.
In the Western section the in
crease in membership in the de
cade ending 1891 was 1,261,209,
while in the last decade it was
only 437,562, the latter increase
being but 15 per cent. as con
trasted with the former,.o.. ..
Jper. A- a c'5ding to H.
K. Carroll of New York, secre
tary of that section, was due to
a decrease in earnestness.
INCREASE IN RECENT YEARS.
In Great Britain, according to
the Rev. Simpson Johnson of
London, secretary of the West
minster Methodist conference,
the various Methodist bodies
gained about 150,000 members
during the last 10 years, but in
the last half of the decade there
was a notable decrease attribted,
he thought, to "conditions out
side the church and a weaken
ing of forces to meet changed so
cial conditions."
Bishop Eugene Hendrix of the
Methodist church, South, in dis
cussing the religious problems
of the negro and the mainten
ance of a pure home in the midst
of adverse conditions, took oc
casion to refer to the recent Beat
tie murder trial:
"Thank God there is a place
where women, as spectators, do
not attend such a trial" he said.
"Thank God for a jury which
sought Divine guidance in reach
ing a verdicf and which.has
since refused to recommend a
commutation from the ~death
sentence."
-PERPLEXEs JAPAN.
Rev. Mr. Ogdates of the Jap
anese Methodist church, who re
portedl remarkable progress in
his country since the merging of
the three Methodist churches,
said nothing was so perplexing
to the ordinary Japanese mind
as the fact that there are so
many religious denominations
and so many different Methodist
churches. He believed Chris
tianity's strongest appeal even
tually would be found in one
church.
Reporting on Australian Meth
odism the Rev. W. Williams of
Australia said that every tenth
person in Australia is a Metho
dist, and that the present union
is seeking amalgamation with
the Presbyterian and Congrega
tional churches in its zone of
work.
WORLD-WIDE SCOPE.
World-wide Methodism as one
of the most potent forces for
world-wide brotherhood was dis
cussed from world-wide points
of view at the session.
MIssIONS.
Statistics relative to "resources
in men and means in Methodist
mission fields," as given by the
Rev James Lewis of Camibridge,
England, proved interesting to
the delegates from 47 countries,
who attended today's sessions
of the Ecumenical Methodist
conference in this city,
From the detailed reports pre
sented it appeared that during
the last year there .were 2,52&
Methodist foreign missionaries.
These included 918 ordained men
and 120 physicians. 53 of the
doctors being women. Native
workers numbered 20,847 while
the number of missionary sta
tions and sub-stations was 6,762.
These missionaries represented
708,105 baptized Christians and
1,444,292 adheeqts of whom
458,165 were Snnute scahool
teachers zd scihlars.
The ordain4 miiistry at thi
beginning of 1910 was 52.978. o
whom but 2.322. oP five per eetii
countin. fiirei.m( rs and natimve
were in the mis-fioni field.
"Of our total number of mih.
isters throughout the wo:M.'
said Mr. Lewis. "the average i6
one to every 174 Methodis1
church iembers. IN heathtr
countries the ratio is one Meth
odist minister to every 304 mem
bers. Our meAns as expressed
by the income of the missionary
societies in 1910; totalled about
$7,000,000, a sum which repre
sents about 80 cents to each of
the 8.751,434 Methodists."
After the County Commissioners.
We don't know of anything
that has had its crookedness
more thoroughly tested or its
narrowness more exposed than
the public road leading frum the
Mayfield bridge on the Saluda
up the Oolenoy valle.jr._Pump
kin town, And the wonder is
it has stood the test so long7.ffo
at the same time had crosses tQ
bear that are not any wider or
straighter. Several months ago
we heard about some commis
sioners being elected for the im
provement of the character of
such roads, but they are still
strangers along the said road.
M e they haven't confidence
' their abilityto stan h ee
or maybe they have come in dis
guise in the form of book agents
and canvassers for portrait com
panies, etc., and were not recog
nized. If so, we would be glad
if they would come along and
rightly establish themselves.
We are sure if there were any
delinquent taxpayers hereabouts
we would be hearing something
of it; and as we don't, it looks
like a case of "robbing Peter to
pay Paul,"
It does seem that the book
agents have been very persistent
in their efforts to impress the
people with their character
sketches and bus' .sV
but it may be th6'said commis
sioners were away from home
when they called. If so, we are
sure they could borrow a copy
from some neighbor. if afraid to
risk their own judgment con
cerning the, improvement of the
character of the above mention
ed road. *
THE SPEED OF NO.RETURN.
Velocity a Body Must Have to Leave
Earth and Never Come Back.
There are a great many odd terms in
science none of which has a title so
1weird as the speed of no return. This
means the velocity a body must have
in leaving the earth in order for it
ever to come back. It has been accu
ra ety-.werked out and is found to be
about seven miiles ..a second. Now,
though this speed has neveruibeen ob
tained by artificial means on the eartha
still it is interesting.to note the theory
as regards the further actions of the
body. It would continue outward in a
curved line until it was controlled by
balancing forces, mainly the earth.
moon and sun, in. such a way as to
make it have an orbit of its own. So
it would go on revolving forever just
as any other planet. -
Although this speed has never been
obtained .. by artiticial means, it is
found in nature on the earth, and its
application has a great deal to do with
animal life on our planet. As is well
known. it is a pet theory of the'seii
tists that the earth is losing its atmos
phere, just as the moon .lmas already
lost hers, on account of .the wonderful
vibrational speed of the ?molecules of al
gas. Hydrogen gas is kilown to have a
molecular velocity of over the neces
sary amount, and it is a startling
proof of the theory that no free hydro
gen is found in our atmosphere. The
theory is that this gas on being set
free rises on account of its lightness
and when it gets to the o'utside edge
of our ocean of atir is~ left - behind on
one of Its jumps, the earth going for
ward at a great rate itself, something
like eight miles a second.
As the earth gradually lost its at
mosphere it would become colder and
colder on account of Its Inability l
hold the h'eat received from the:
and all animal agd regetable~
would cease. This has already
pened to the moon, its temp
never rising above zero, though
sun shines on It for two weeksi~
time. -
It Is needless to say that even
speed could be obtained by a~
ball or other comparatively
the friction with the air o
would immediately burn it
the shooting stars we see
up before reaching the ea
the visiting of . the moon
place it will have to be a
in a carriage with very
and made of a materinl wh
point is very nigh.-New Y
Considerate.
"Have you ever done
make the world happier?'
solemn looking person wi
bered hair.
"Sure," answercd 'the jolly
the double chin. "I was
to sing In publie and
HAI
An Incident
Greece urkey.
A YOUNG OFFICER'S DARING.
The Turk's Pluck and Strategy Re
suited In Making a -Powerful Greek
Vezsel a Helpless Prisoner Within
the Landlocked Waters of Arta.
It was during the war' bet
Greece and Turkey in 187
inhabitants of Gala Krini
age. since destroyed by th
the shores of the gulf of A
one morning to find that a
battleshiphad.e ered, the
cast anchor off the
prise of the inhabitan
was nothing compa
party of fe Turkish
fresh from the crest of
above the village, wate
through their telescopes.
These Turkish eticers
urgent and important
block out the Hellenic B
gulf of Arta. Behind t
bottom of the deep ravi
number of heavy guns whi
dragged all the way from
g and difficult task, and
lery tiey had been ord
tiy the-strait.
To~rre'dlrait, ai
TurkAsh column 9
of th'#Ia es eavy
meant sheer destruction.
other they must escape
war or prevent^ -
their work. but to do this see
possible.
In the midst of theirISe
young ofBeer who had?;
said he could hold the
-&iditaeg would allow,
ing won, an,
clotjhes for those of a s erd,
scended in that disguise to Gala KrInL
Late that night a number of figures
stole through the dark alleys of the
village toward the shore. Close to the
water's edge was an old boathouse,
used as a shed for repairing boats.
This the party silently entered and by
the flickering light of -a taper search
ed the black luterior. At length 'there ]
was a gentle rattle and from the gloom
emerged Hassan, stripped to the waist,
dragging a heavy chain. This, - with
the help of his comrades, he began to
pull, and after an hour's laborious
work the end of the great chain-once
the cable of a Turkish vessel-was
reached.
From the beach the chain was load
ed on board a large caique, whose
sides and 'floor had been covered with
cloth to deaden the sound. This task
got in wi
Hassan an rowed wi '
toward a large rock in the middle of
the bight. Iound this rock the chain
was laid and securely fastened. One
man having been landed on the crag
to keep guard over this end. the boat.
set out cautiously for the battleship.
looming like a phantom in the dis
tance. Not a sound did the men make
as link by link the massive dhain was
paid out over the stern into
water till they reached the V
There was an elcited gleam
san's eyes as, with a sign to
'rades, he gradually lowered
Into the dark water, guiding f
by passing his fingers over the t?le
ship's plates. A slight grating 9fthe, date to
chain against the hull was a 4t his
anxious companions In ef bot h~aicd,
though now and then. a ireassuring pu'f
was felt on the line tha'1%fassan held.,
directing them how to pay out the STAA h
chain. Hours rather than minutes
seemed to have gone by ere the young y B3.
officer came to : the surface. So ex- W-.
hausted by his long dive was-he that
he had to be almost lifted Into the
"It u L'ozhe pller," he gasp
ed. "I ve~ fixed it so'tpat. not
can move It. Baek you go.
Then link by link the -t
was renewed until the boaf
to Its starting point, where the
end of the chain was -secured.
risky task was done, and the B
battleship was securely m
immovable rock by a double th
of cable.
The early rays of da
sight which astonish
mander. A whole
fo
ge
ea

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