From Easley Route 1.
After a rest of several years
I will give the readers of the
Sentinel a few items of interest
from this section.
Everything seems to] be on a
boom around here, if the price
of cotton is low. Automobiles,
buggies and wagons can be seen
all. arouud, and from 5 to 50
bales of cotton in the yards.
Fine hogs, almost ready for
pork, and plenty of corn and
hay. If the price of cotton had
been anything like we received
last year we would be very in
Mr. Frank Lenhardt pur
chased the J. 0. Bowen bottoms
on George's Creek last year and
began clearing, ditching and
preparing them for cultivation
this year. He used box tile for
drain ditches and has some 20
oi 25 acres in corn which will
yield between fifteen hundred
and two thousand bushels. He
never couited his fodder and
tops by the hundred but by the
load and saved 69 leads of very
fine feed. This proves what
money and brains will do with
Pickens county soil.
There are several hundred acres
of fine land which could be
made to produce thousands of
bushels of corn in this section
and in the county if we had the
labor and means.
Gathering corn is now occu
pying the time and attention of
the farmers and a fine crop is
On accoatn'Ff the rains very
few oats have been s6wn yet,
but with good weather during
the next few weeks many of
:hem will be put in the ground,
'and also wheat.
W. R. - Lenhardt made 44
bushels and 15 pounds of sound
corn on one acre in the boys con
test. This is not half he would
have made if he couldhave had
rain at the right time. !z:.. .
Mr. John Craig has sold his
farm near here to Mr. J. A.
Brown for a fancy price. We re
egret to see Mr. Craig leave us
iut hope he may realize what.
.the farmers need and tryt
.Mrs. Henry Gilliland is seri
.ously ill. Her speedy recovery
is hoped for.
Mrs. G. C. Griflin died last;
Monday at the home of her fath-t
.er Mr. J. M. King. She leaves'
*ahusband and four small chil
Your correspondent had the
*pleasure~ of attending the 65th1
birth day dinner of Mr. Allen 1
:Mauldin last Sunday. He is
- hale and hearty and very jubil
**ant, and can tell some very in
teresting war adventures.
* LONELY Boy.
Craig Bros. Co. want 30 bush
els white multiplying onions, at
$1 per bushel, in trade.
-For land any where in Pick
ens county see or write J. R.
Ashmore. "The Land Man."
TO RENT.-Two-horse crop
- to rent. Man furnish his own
stock. Three miles from Pick
ens and five miles from Easley,
near the Pickens railroad.
R. A. BOWEN,
nov2tf Pickens, S. C.
For Sale or Exchange.-I have
three small farms for sale cheap.
1. 10 acres in Easley.
2. 46 acres 11miles of Easley.
3. 85 acres1iimiles of Easley.
If you want a bargain see me
at once. I will exchange farm
land for goods or town property.
L. B. O'DELL,
nov2-2t Easley. S. C.
One 15-acre tract Of nice land
adjoining college lands in Cen
tral, S. C. Good 6-room house
and out-buildings. Cheap. See
or write C. W. GA.RRETT,
Easley, S. C.
One plug of PENN'S
CHAMPION tobacco bought
from S. R. Kelly, Central,
S. C. will convince you it
is the best loc plug on
The War [if
The Situation In Front of'
the Vicinity of Alexand
The Southern Commande
regard, and President Do
Attack In Maryland-I
Potomac Commanded by
ECopyright by American Press Associa
BY JAMES A. EDGERTON.
D UE G the second week of Oc
tober, 1861, occurred a for
ward movement of detach
ments of the Federal Army of
the Potomac. It was not an exten
sive movement, being little more than
an advance of the picket lines. After
the battle of Bull Run the Confeder
ates had drawn rather close about
Washington, placing troops of observa
don on several nearby Virginia hills.
The occupancy of one of these, Mun
son's hill. enly eight miles from Wash
Copyright by Roview of Reviews Co.
BREVET LIEUTENANT GENERA)
SEATED-THE TALL OFFICE]
LANE" IS SOH UYLER H AMII'
SPICUIOUS IN THE FIELD D1
ISLAND NO. 10 IN 1862.
sgton. ha~d an interesting sequel. I
.fter this position was abandoned by
he southern troops at the end of Sep
mber it was found that they had no
vorks worthy the name and that their
rmment consIsted of two painted
ogs and a stovepipe. Yet with these
Quaker" guns they bad held oa' the
mguard of tbe Army of the Potomac~
or several weeks. Their positIon and
ntrenchments looked formidable, and
e UnIon troops let it go at that and|
ld not attack. This was during Mc- I
lelan's nervous weeks, when he was
rltng to his wife almost daily ex
ressions of surprise that Beauregard
lid not attack him. Finally when the
mall force of Confederates at Mun
mo's bill and other points roundabout
vlthdrew of their own motion their
xstions were occupied by the Fed
An incident at about this time.
hrows a rather luminous side light on
he situation and reveals something of
icClellan's military tactics. It was
reported that the Confederates were
again fortifying Mlatthias point, on the
Potomac, and were threatening nai-:
atlon. To dislodge them a combined
naval and military movement was
nnned. McClellan agreed to furnish
the troops, and the Potomac nlotilla of
gunboats were to land these and co
operate in the attack. All was made
ready and the boats prepared for the
expedition. But no troops appeared.
Inquiry at army headquarters elicited
the information that McClellan's en
gineers had reported against the plan
and said it would be impracticable to
land the troops in the manner pro
posed. The navy replied that it as
sumed all responsibility for landing
Two Logs and a Stovepipe.
Another promise was thereupon
made that the land forces would be
ready the next night, and once more
;he boat gotin postion.~ Again the
roops failed to show up. On a second
Inquiry being mnade the most satisfac
tion the naval officers could get was
that McClellan opposed the movement.
fearing It would bring on a general
engagement, for which he was not tben
ready. President Lincoln. who bad
urged the taking of Matthias point.
was chagrined by the incident, but de
ferred to the wishes of the general.
Navigation in the Potomac was closed.
and the administration came In for
general censure in consequence. The
chief naval officer in command of the
PotomaC flotilla asked to be transfer
red, feeling that he was losing repu
tation because of Inaction for which
he was not responsible. Possibly the
Munon'. kil Qaker gun agafr was
ty Years Ago
Nashington--Advance of the
xerate Outposts Retire From
ria to Fairfax Court House.
.r at Manassas, General Beau
vis at Odds-Davis Urges an
ocation of the Army of the
General George B.McClellan.
due to the same unwillingness to bring
on a general engagement. Subsequent
events proved, by the way, that a
Union attack at neither point would
have brought on a general engage
ment. In the case of Munson's hill it
probably would have ochsloned no
engagement at all, general or other
wise. At the slightest show of an at
tack the Confederates would doubt
less have withdrawn without firing a
On Oct. 9 the advance guard of the
Union army moved northwest toward
the village of Lewinsville, Va., occu
WINFIELD SCOTT AND STAFF N
ON THE EXTREME LEFT FACING
ON, GRANDSON OF ALTEXA NDER
RING THE WAR, NOTABLY AT 1
pying It the next daiy. At about the
same time General G. A. McCall's di- I
vision went forward to Langley, ive . 1
miles up the P'otomae- from Alexan- I I
da. Other adv-ances occurred which t
placed the Union front to a line ex
tending from a point near Great Falls I
on the Potomac, ten miles above I
Washington. to a position south of the
Little River turnpike and the Orang'e
and Alexandria turnpike, west of Ales-'
andria. At the end of the week the!
divisions and detachment under Gen
eral George B. McClellan in and
around Washington and Alexandria
occupied the following positions:
General Joseph Hooker's division
was at Budd's Ferry. Md.. on the
lower Potomac. twenty-five miles from
Washington: General Heintzelnan's
at Fort Lyon and vicinity, General W.
B. Franklin's near the Theological
seminary, General Blenker's near Hun-1
ter's Chapel. General McDowell's at
Upton Hill and Arlington, General Fitz-1
John Porter's at Hall's and Miner's'
Hills and General W. F. Smith's at I
Mackall's Hill, all near Alexandria.
McCall was at Langley. General Don
Calos Buell was at Tennallytown.;
Meridian Hill. etc.. on the Maryland
side of the river, close to Washington.
General Stoneman's cavalry and Gen
eral Hunt's artillery were in Washing-1
ton. General N. P. Bank's division
was at Darnestown, Md., with detach
ments at Point of Rocks and else
where, as far up the river as Williams
port fifty miles fromi Washington.
General C. P. Stone's division was at
Pooleville, Md.. thirty miles from
Washington. and General Dir at Bal
Thus the Army of the Potomae at'
this time extended in a long arc with
Its wings resting on the river above!1
and below Washington, its center in
Virginia, west of the capital, with a
strong advance occupying the hills
round about and a heavy reserve, also
the cavalry and artillery, in the capital
itself. This, with an elaborate system
of fortifications, rendered Washington
comparatively secure from attack
either in front or on the flanks, a con
dition at which McClellan had been
aiming ever since he took command.
The position of Stone at Poolesville
Is especally worthy of note, for it was
Ia portion of his army which fought
the disastrous battle of Ball's Bluff
in the following week. It should be
mentioned that General N. G. Evans'
Confederate brigade was then near
Leesburg, 'Va., opposite Poolesville.
Evans had gone there of his own mo
tion. but Beauregard granted him per
.mi.sion to remain in the hope that
ie might b e able to annoy Banks or
possibly separate him entirely from
McClellan's main commnd. It was a
portion of Evans' force that defeated
the Federals at Ball's Bluff. McClel
lan was pushing out reconnoitering
parties at this time, and small bands
of the Confederates were retiring In
consequence. At one time it. was re
ported that Leesburg had been aban
doned, but this proved a costly error.
A rather interesting point is brought
out in an article by General Joseph
E. Johnston written after the war.
On Oct. 1 a consultation was held ne
tween Jefferson Davis and Generals
Johnston, Beauregard and G. W.
Smith. Says General Johnston:
"In discussing the question of giv
ing our army (the Confederate army
at Manassas) strength enough to as
sume the offensive in Maryland, it was
proposed to bring to it from the south
troops enough to raise it to the required
strength. The president (Davis) asked
what was that strength. - General
Smith thought 50,000 men. General
Bewegard 60,000 and 160,000, all of
us specifying soldiers like those around
us. The president replied that such
re-enforcements could not be furnish
ed. He could give us only as manyr
recruits as we could arm. This decid
ed the question."
General Johnston also states that
never had there been a purpose of (
THE FALL OF 1861-SCOTT I8 Y
THE AGED "HERO OF LUJNDT'S be
HAMILTON-HE BECAME CON
HE SIEGE AND CAPTURE O)F
cdvancing into Maryland and in a let- n
er of that time says, "Thus far the e'
Lumbers and condition of this army
iave at no time justified our assuming
So much for McClellan's nervous
ears of an attack and s'tories thien cur
'ent in the north to the mffedt thiat the
knfederates had 200,000 .men in tile
'cinity of Manassas. - .-p
EcCelan Attacks Administration.
Some -rather illuminating side ights e~
re also furnished in General McClel
an's letters at this time. Th'ese letters
re all dated early in October. Here
tre a few characteristic sentences:
"I cannot tell you how disgusted 1 p.
tm becoming with these wretched pot
"We shall be ready by tomorrow to. P
ight a battle there (Munson's- bill) If
he enemy should choose to attack. C(
nd I don't think they will care .to run
hie risk. I presume I shall nave to go
tfter them when I get ready, but this P
settng ready Is slow work with- such
i administration. I .wish I were well
ut of It."
"I am becoming daily more disgftst
id with this administration-perfectly- p
t of it. If 1 could with honor re
dgn I would quit the whole concern
This has a rather peculiar sound now,
when we know that at the very time C
licClellanl was writing these letters to
its wife abusing the administr-ation It
in turn was preparing to place bimi in
mpreme command of all the armies s
if the United States.
President Lincoln was having his
>wn troubles. The course or events C
:ad made it imperative~ that ne sup- c
plant two prominent commnnders,9 1
seneraI Wiutieid Scott. the hend of
e United States armyv. :Ind General Pl
Premont, commander in Missouri.
~ether event occurred for two weeks.
but both were being considered. Dur
ing this very week Secretary of War ft
Dameron and the adjutant general had
one west to hold a consultation with
Fremont and possibly to discover the
truth of the charges against him. C
Cameron overtook Fremont at Tipton.
Mo., on the 13th, after which he re
turned Immediately to Washington. S
As for General Scott. he had ex- I
pressed the desire to be relieved as r
early as August. He was old and un
equal to the physical and mental bur- C
den of conducting a great war. Fre -I1
quent misunderstandings with General -
McClellan, then commanding the lar
gest army In the field and charged C
with the defense of Wbsinwte a
doubtless intn4iea nfllaoesire to um r
ant f It a1L le
Direct from th
But it takes
See your. dealer now, before he
contracts for his goods, and urge
him to get good up-to-date brands,
containing 6 to 10 per cent. potash,
and to carry POTASH SALTS
There is profit in such goods
both for you and your dealer.
You Let more plant food for
your money, your fertilizer is
Continental Building, Baltimore
Whitney Central Bank
llE CROPS OF 1910
inners Report-Largest Crop
InHistory of ThelIndustery.
Washington, Nov. 8.-With a
ytal of 9,969,172 bales of cotton
f the growth of 1911ginned prior
> November 1, as announced
>day by the census bureau, the
romised record breaking cotton
rop of this season is fast being
iade ready for themanufactur
r. At no time in the history
f the American cotton indus
-y has so great a crop been
inned to this time of the year.
The amount ginned to No
ember 1 exceeds by 1,777,000
ales the amount ginned to this
ate in 1908, the previous record.
also is greater than the ginn
ig to November 14 of any other
ear, being about 200,000 bales
ore than was ginned to that
ate in 1904, the record. This
ould indicate that the crop
as at least two weeks earlier
maturing and- reaching the
ns than in previous years.
Calculations of the year's
tal crop, based on the ginning
orts, would, therefore. prob
ly-be more accurate if figured
i the November 14 reports of
~her years. In previous record
~ais, about 70 per cenit has
~en ginned to that date and a
ugh estimate of this. years
op might be placed at a mini
unm of 14,000,000 bales. Corn
ercial experts' estimates. how
er, .range up to more than 15,
Alabama, iL989,376 bales com
red with 748,878 in 1910.
Arkansas, 443.505 bales, coml
red with 324,769 in 1910;
loria, 55;973 bales' compar
I with 1,241,825 in 1910;
Georgia, 1.90)6,256 bales, comn
red with 1,241,825 in 1910.
Louisiana. 232,047 bales, comn
red with 154,634 in 1910.
Mississippi, 585,021 bales comn
red with 576,641 in 1910.
Niorth Carolina, 597,959 bales,
rmpared with 386,096 in 1910.
Oklahoma. 555,755 bales comn
red with-585,237 in 1910.
Soth Carolina, 1,021,972 bales
mpared with 729,417 in 1910.
Tennessee, 212,570 bales, comn
red with 129,840 in 1910.
Texas, 3,210,218 bales, com
red with 2,405,157 in 1910.
All other States, 57,511 bales,
>mpared with 24,825 in 1910.
Estimates by American con
ils throughont the world of the
mber of 500-pound bales of
tton required to supply foreign
>untries, except Italy and Eng
Ld, for manufacturing pur
ses before September 1, 1912,
ace the number at 12,718,112.
The information was called
r by the Governor of Texas,
ho wanted it to lay before the
~overnor' s Convention in New
In tb3 case of Italy, the con
til general at Genoa, through a
isunderstanding, gave esti
ates for the amount of Amen
an cotton demanded.-. The
nited States has been furnish
g about 70 per cent of cottoni
osumed in Italy, indicating a
tota! ?!emnand for mhi~ mountry
ext year of 750,000 tbale. 'The
timates for England, 2,854,5121
time to get it
better balanced, your soil fertilit
is conserved, and your crops are
larger and of better quality.
We will sell you or your dealer
Potash in any amount from 200 lbs.
up. Write now for prices and for
free pamphlets giving just the facts
you are looking for about improving,
crops and soils.
I WORKS, Inc.
Monadnock Block, Chicado
Building, New Orleans
will be superb if it is made up entir
1v of ornements, trinkets, etc., of
sRame high character as those to
with more enduring beauty than th
jewelry contained i.. our exhibit.
YOU ARE (ORDIALLY INVITED
to visit it and enjoy the phlasure o
examning the many beautiful ihing
it includes. The looks of the jewelr
speak for themselves. We guaran
cee the quality.
Easley, S. C
bales representing consumptio
of American cotton to Sept
ber 1st last.' America usuall
supplies about 90 per cent o
England's total demand.
Washington, Nov. 8.-Th
crop reporting board of
bureau of statistics of the Uni~
States department of agricultur
in its November crop report,'
sued at 2:15 p.. m. today, .
mates, from the reports of x
correspondents and agents, th
yield per acre, total producti
and quality of the corn crop,
Corn: Production, 2,776,301
000 bushels, compared with 3,
125,713,000 bushels last y
Yield per acre 2S.9 bushels, co
pared with 27.4 bushels 1
year, and 26.0 bushels, the te
year average. Quality, 80.6
cent, compared with 84.5
cent, the ten-year average.
The percentage of 1910 cre
of corn on farms, November
1911, is estimated at 4.2 per ce
(132,063.000 bushels) against 4.
per cent (119,056,000 bushels)
the 1909 crop on farms Nor e
er 1, 1910, and 3.3 per cent, t
average of similar estimates
the past ten years..
S. R. Kelly, Central, S.
sells a brand of tobacco
a dime per plug which I
worth i5c a plug'? It i
Secret Order Meetings..
. Masonic-A. F. & A. M.nme
Saturday - ights on or befo
the full moon
Chapter-R. A. M. meets
day nights on or after the
K. of P.-Meets every Mo
day night after the first
W. 0. W.-Meets every
and third Tuesday nights.
City Council meets Tues
nights after first Mondays.
Why do you spend yo
money for inferior tobae
when you can buy PENN
CH AMIION from S. R. I
ly, Caral, S. C. at
same price the comm
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