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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1911-current, February 08, 1912, Image 1

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PICKENS :PU
ThePearl of the
PIEDMONT. T"E IEpNSS
Entered April 23. 9U3 at Pckenx, N- C. a Meeond etan I a.atr under act of Congrens of March 3. 8 79 -
PICKENS, S. C.. FEBRUUARY 8, 1912. -NUMB.li 37
41st YEAR. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
LN MAKERS OF
PALMETTO STATE
THE WORK OF THE GENERAL
ASSEMBLY FOR THE WEEK
JUST CLOSED.
MANY BILLS CONSIDERED
What is Being Done in Both Houses
of the Legislature is Told in Con
densed Form For Those Interested
in Such Matters.
Columbia.-By concurrent resolu
tion the South Carolina General As
sembly directed Senator McCown and
Representative McGowan and Steven
son to extend Governor Woodrow Wil
son, of New Jersey, a formal invita
tion to address the General Assembly
at some time convenient to him be
tween this date and February 14.
Senator Carlisle, chairman of the
legislative committee appointed to in
vestigate the old dispensary commis
sion, the attorney general, the gov
ernor and others in conection with
the old state dispensary, said that
the committee will hold a meeting
in a few days when the plans for the
work of investigation will be decided
upon.
The governor has approved the act
creating Jasper county, which passed
through the house and senate. The
election oh the new county was held
last summer. The new county was
formed out of parts of Hampton and
Beaufort counties.
At a meeting of the joint assembly
Maj. J. J. Lucas of Society Hill and
Maj. E. M. Blythe of Greenville wcre
elected members of the. Citadels
board of visitors to succeed them
selves. They were the only nominees.
. The ways and means committee re
ported and recommended the passage
of a bill looking to submitting to the
voters of a million-dollar bond issue
to be expended in the developme
of State Park, where the new .. a]
for the insane is locate
The general asse will give R.
H. Jennings, sta . easurer, an op
portunity to to the reflections
cast upo in the annual message
of G ease. The house agreed
to ,w the state treasurer to ad
ss a communication to the general
assembly giving his side. It is prob
able that the communication will be
sent in a day or two.
The Senate.
The annual report of Dispensary
Auditor Mose H. Mobley shows that
there were 36 liquor dispensaries and
6 beer dispensaries operated i-n the
state last year, on which the gross
sales amounted to $2,474,298.33, and
the total operating expenses were
$117,969.69. The report was laid on
the desks of the members of the sen
ate.
The bill to empower nurses of the
state hospital to stand examinations
after years service was passed, 29
for and 9 against.
The bill providing for a system of
medical examination for school chil
dren and students of colleges, also
teachers and inmates of such institu
tions, passed the senate and was sent
to the house for the amendments to
be voted on. This bill originated in
the house.
The Crosson bill to create a state
-highway commission passed the sen
ate by a vote of 20 to 12. The bill
has attracted state-wide attention
and was generally discussed in the
senate.
The bill introduced in the senate
by J. B. Green, senator from Marl
boro, to create and operate a state
warehouse system for storing cotton,
passed the senate and was ordered
sent to the house. This measure was
first read on January 15, referred to
the committee on agriculture and was
reported back favorably.
The committee on the penitentiary
of the senate made a report of its
findings from a preliminary investiga
tion made.
The committees did not make a
close scrutiny of the conditions pre
vailing at the penitentiary on account
of the amount of time it would take
Mcet and Consider Offers of -Sites.
The committee having in charge
the selection of a site for the Luth
eran female college, to be located in
South Carolina, met in Columbia when
the offers by several cities of the state
were considered. Several substantia!
-~ offers in the way of land and cash
endowments were made. It was de
cided by the committee to adjourn
until March 5, when the site will be
s~lec-ted. In the treantime the com
mitteemen will inspect the various
sites offered. The meeting was held
in the Lutheran Publication building
Has Arranged To Cultivate Farm.
lFro!'. L. N. Harper of Clemson Col
leg -vho will hzv~e '::iarge of the ag
rital experita ni st 'tion a:
them awe y from regular legislative
duties. They recommended that a
committee be appointed to make an
investigation into the conditions and
to report to the sente at its next
session.
The following third reading bills
were passed and sent to the hous~e:
Mr. Rainsferd-To abolish the dis
pensary constabulary force in Edge
field county and to pros-!de for the es.
tablishment and maintenance of a
rural police system
A bill by Mr. Gasque o fthe house to
amend section 91, volume 2, code of
loing. aco: 0
of judgl t chia'
senate with'.-1
dais from accetin- f
franks of any knd frcm a publie :n,
viecorporation.
Mr. Lide-To create a board i
claims, and to prescribe the man:
of payment of claims against the st
and any county. This bill was am -
ed by the senate.
New Senate Bi!ls.
Mr. Epps-To authorize the schol
trustees of Cedar Swamp heli
trict No. 28, to charge and colcet
matriculation fee of pu.ils :e i
ing school in that district.
Mr. Stewart-To amend se ction
of an act entitled "An act toincor
porate the city of Rock 11111," app -
ed 24th December, A. 1. 102' by pre
viding for the election of a maycr.
fixing his duties and compensation
city council.
Mr. Epps-To amend the h:I w'ithl
reference to compens:tiCn and sala
ries of county olficers.
The House of -Represerntatives.
The house unanimously sustaned
the governor's veto -on the cami:;
sion form of government act "S !P.
plied to Charloston. It w:i.; a enron.:
fig-ht The judiciary cor.unai
port was unanimously sustnied.
after the veto was sustained. Mr. MT.
gill. Mr. Rembert anfd Dr. wy
wanted a consideration of the repe
on the ground that they vwnted
record vote on the adoption o. l:i
committee report reccmmen din tiw
sustaining of the veto. on oon of
the passage of the commission forr.,
of government bill with the rcoistra
tion feature.
There is said to be half of the "n
tire bond issue of the s!tt hel1 in
Charleston. The house has jn!t ras3*
ed and sent to the senate a eneral
bill providing for the refunding cf he
present 4 1-2 per cent. brown cusal
bonds on a 4 per ecent. basis. Thie
Browning bill passed the house wili;
out objetion and now goes to the
senate.
The house passed to third rcs A:
a bill introduced by Jjr v-yr:ic
prohibits the sale of toy i . n :
air guns to chihfren undcr 12 yeers C
age, and ,f.ther regulates the hant
ling otdirearms.
'Fi ouse passer! the Cnrl- ie nile
saig bill to a third reading by a vot
of 7Z to 10. The measuire was - e
ed by the senate last year an:1 wa.;
continued by the house ant the In.
session until February. 1, 19 12.
Unless the veto of the zover-rer i.
:Aterposed, a secticn of the Datri
Fork nection of Lefxington county v:"1
he annexed to Richland. The sen
ate bill to this effect passed its third
reading in the house and was ordervd
-nrolled. The Lexington delego
fught the passage of the bill to the
la-:t ditch.
The house did some routine worl
after the anti-racing bill was dirpm
of. Mr. Beamguard's bill rel::tig to
drainage ws passed to third r:s'
The bill by D. L. Smith to ailow al
bona fide sailors and soldiers in 1
War Betvween the Sections to pardi
'tate in the pension fund w; s e
tinuad by a vote of 94 to :1. The
tacr' spoke at Ikny~th on t'is bili.
The house passed the fjlle- v.
cal and uncontested mneasures enth
r-alendar:
Mr. Turnball-To amend an a
or~t the protection of gaaexhi
criteley, Eamberg, C ! 1:n, DI
heater, Clarendon and WVilliamburg
cunties.
A bill introduced b'y Mr. 7.'i~r
providing for holding an ce;ien o
the question of votirg S$7 for
building a new court hoast in Yor
count.
Mr. Hamilton-To repeal section
of an act to fix the salary ci ti' :v
ner of Union count y.
Mr. Moore--Relating to lubaato
of quarterly statements by sup~rv
of Abbeville county.
Dicastrous Fire At St. George.
What bade fair to be the mno:st de
structive fire that 'lim town cf S
George has ever vi~hnesd coeurre d
when a blaze star:e!i in the rer
he livery stable of N. G. Lenarel
just to the rear of the ',ethodist
hurch, on Raysor street. From the
stables the fire soon consumned th
large tv.'o-story building adjoin'n
which was recently purchased by M
Lennard. The brisk westerly. v:in'.
enabled the angry flames to eI:
across the street to a large two-story\
dwelling of A. J. Patrick.
Boys' Corn Club Met At Dillon.
About 50 cornI club bhys of the
county and almost as mny fatrmrs
met in the auditorium of the 1,Dicte
radead ochool for the imroe ci per
?e; tin't plans and *nolin~ new mem
b h:-s for -!1~12. Sapcaint ndrL ' .T
{jna'rd of the l 'i1 :n ''rndd scha
also airraugcd for uis (hu in 1ariu
tre, as well as ether hjitb srhoo
classes, to be present. 0. P. .)irr;in.
of the United Stat.:s (1. prmernt of
agriculture, who vwas present. wa':
ased to exliain the eiub work of that
~eparatmnent.
The Extreme.
"Old Moneybags vwas the quinte
senc of meanness."
"How so?"
"IIe lived for years after he mari
his pretty young w~ife, and to rap
eliax, died just as she had suppid
erslf with a complete impt''d
adrobo of ho newe'st Parish
"How do0 yo exlin tihc pecuia
actions of that. 9une-e"
"But shte'smri
"Two men"c ue
By Way Citr-st.
Patron in Return (who hias:.'t
ed 15 minutes for his soujd--Wai t.
have you ever been to the zoc?
Waiter-No, air.
Patron--Well, you ought toa.
Youd enjoy v:atching the tortoiec
whiz past.-Lippincott's.
The Difficulty.
"Mrs. Bragg thinks that son of hers
is the salt-of the earth."
"I don't; he's too fresh.w -
Farmers' Educifna
and Co-Operative
Union of America
Matters fEsbecial Moment to
... the Progressive Ag'riculturist
The producer is not robbing the
consumer.
The non-productive loan is a money
wasting loan.
Now is the time to plan the work
for ncl:t season.
Rejentance is all right, but no need
of it is still bet-ter.
Td you ever notice that tlie"muck
ra~er" usually gets mixed in the
ruu ck?
-Study and master at least oue farm
problem during the leisure time this
winter.
To lift up is better than to look up.
Euth arc necessary to a forward-mov
ing life.
Quarreling neighbors are far worse
thaii scoiding wivzs-and they are
bad enough.
Cc-operation in the marketing of
fruit and tiuck products is of great
value to producers.
Every man who works for a living
enould make it a point to lay up a lit
t!o money for a rainy day.
When a man can't stay on his feet
in the country he is tolerably sure to
get on his uppers l1 the citY.
Texas cattle breeders made a good
record for their state at the big Inter
national Live Stock show held at Chi
cago.
"Examine all things; hold fast that
which is gcod," is an ancient saying
that should apply to our daily course
In life.
\Vith cotton prices sliding down
many farmers in north Texas have
planted a larger acreoge to oats and
wheat than heretofore.
Don't be too hard on the boys be
cause they cut up at schoo!. itemem
ber vnat a nice, obliging child you
were when you attended the district
school?
Yorn are entItled to all you can get
for~the products of your farm. You
can't get near enough the -consumer,
under existing conditions, to"hold him
np with an army rille.
BARRETT GIVES GOOD ADVICE
President "of Farmers' Union Urges
Farmers to App!y Yard-Stick of
Sincerity This. Year.
To the Officers and Members of thd
Farmers' Union:
The- impending presidential cam
paigns and elections finds an unusual
amount of unrest and uncertainty and
dissatisfaction prevalent in the coun
try. There will be the customary ap
peals to prejudice and one's liking for
that man or dislike for another.
It is an excellent opportunity for
the members of the Farmers' Union
to view all men and measures, all par
ties and platforms, not by what they
say but by sheer test of sincerity and
of past performances.
Be careful of the man or the party
that has, before, Dromised .you every
thing to get into oflice, and after he
achieved election, occupied himself
rmainly with keeping his personal po
ltical fences in order. Be careful or
the man who does you little petty
personal courtesies, such as distribut
ing a few garden seeds or government
bulletins, but who votes against the
mneasures in which you are vitally in
tere'sted.
Be car-eful of the man or the party
that makes you promises you know
are impossible of performance, that
are political gold bricks, pure and sim
ple, coined to get votes, straw issues
to be forgotten as soon as the party
r the man rides into office.
Vote less by the ear and the eye
and more by the brain! Do your own
thinking. Refuse to have your con
victions ready-made for you. Size up
political situations exactly as you
would a business deal; with the same
judgmjent, and with the same refusal
to be iniuenced by --hot air" or the
lever stor-ies of a man who would
like to get thle best of you in a horse
trade
It is high time tile larmers of this
country ceased being governed by sen
timent in pol~ities, and be gulied by
senseC insteadl. The cam:paign's about
to open offer an excellent chia c-c for
a ibeginning. for the reason that the
situatio:: i : :ore confused t han inl
many you.4, and there will be oppor
tuniti-.: !nr .:c1n ::n:: pirties to prac
tIce ?;rr bin n :e ordi'n:ny amoflunt
01 cap: :: ::. . .: ::: unedccmable
CH..L-.S S. BARRIETT.
I'nioni Cit y. G::
Dry Shelter for Sheep.
If you are going in for a few sheep
tis s(:Oon, don't overlook the matter
of shelter. Shccp must be kept dry
a~ to flcree and. feet. clherwise your
e-ntu re will resuR I *:es irously. Pro
vide dry quarter-s for vwet vw.'a:her and
you'll have no0 diihculty in carrying
them ovecr.
Te2hi;j 0 __I - rk
Everiy co :cGud be taug:t a fast
wai~inr git.Thi can be done by
:l::1 be sh:,i ne-rbe urged t0oo
lng :at a "ime before cdlaaueing is
-.oiig Gradie e: Crr' at Dif
fr- Creameras
D:7-ms v::e- farmers'& co-opera
Ev ......eQ-:~ thre i of- n
-he tr to '- ::is froem oeh
7.2.r'. P~edida e i re~;: of cream
flupic k:: eepsm people going
from on er. ,r to anoter. There
is rva a-.-n the*1 buitter makers
Anone ' k (- a!. a aatr on and
hae him go ever to his competitor,
...,-te w W.Patrsn n?. rIna in
EiUJT MEN MUST ORGANIZE
C-Operaiaon Weans Larger Profits and
Eetter Eusiness Methcds, Says
Prof. Dickens.
Co-operation in, the marketing of
'ruit is of great value to the producers.
Fruit growers are beginning to realize
hat the one-man association is not ef
'ective enough. Co-operation not onlY
nereases the ' average price to the
,rower, but also reduces the price to
he c-onsumer. because the product can
be put on the market cheaper.
The benefits to be derived from a
ruit growers' association are,: Being
ible to ship in profitable quantities;
listribation of the crop, establishing
. brand, and bringing about better
business methods among fruit grow
ers. Since the perfection of the CalI
ornia Fruit Growers' Exchange the
output has increased from a few hun
lred to 50.000 cars.
"The cbject of a fruit growers'
association," says Albert Dickens.
profcssor of horticulture at the Kan
sas Agricultural College. "is to get
the product from the producer to the
buyer economically. Good farmers
are not always good business men.
For example. take a number of men
with Ofty crates of strawberries.
Probably there will be a glut on the
home market, .vhh-e in some other
place there is a great demand. The
indiv:dual grower has a very small
chance of loaating this market. and as
a result he probably sells his straw
berries at a loss.
"The fruit growers' exchange meets
and elects its own oflicers. It has a
manager whose business it is to locate
the markets. He receives telegraphic
reports daily from all over the coun
try concerning the prices and demand
for certain products. The grower
hauls his truck to the central packing
house, where it is sorted and packed.
and credit is given him for his load.
If the market is over supplied in Den
ver and there is a demand in Kansas
City, the manager sends the product
to Kansas City instead of to the
glutted market at Denver, where It
probahy would have to be sold for a
low price.
"The man-ager does not send all his
cars to the same place. as there would
be dange-r of 'bursting' the market.
He distributes them over the mtrket
areas.
"One of the successful organizations
of this kind in Kansa's is tile Wathena
association in Doniphan county. In
one year it shipped 1,000 cars of ap
ncs, 700 cars of strawberries. 35 cars
of grapes, and 300 cars of blackberries
and r-spberrics.
"Barrels and crates can be obtained
much cheaper by buying them 'knock
d-down' and employing a cooper to
et them up. An association could
keep a cooper busy nearly all the year.
These barrels can be set up and stored
until the season opens. If you pack
the fruit yourself and send it to the
hiping place, your nrimber is placed
n the barrel, and if the truck proves
to be in poor condition your number
is referred to and you must be re
sponsible. This helps to make a high
standard and to establish a brand for
FARMERS SHOE QWN HORSES
Elaa!ksmith Co-operative Company
Formt'ed In Wisconsin Town to
Defcat High Prices.
One of the oddest mnovements in
the labor world took plhce at East
Tocy. Wis., recently when seventy
live for-mers of that locality formed a
Ce.o~-oprati ye Blacks~mith company.
Trhe action was caused by three lo
cal blacksmiths who joined the horse
shrs union and increased the price
of work about 25 per cent.
The farmer-s called a meeting and
a:c-ussed the situation among them
relves3. and finally determined to do
their own horseshoeing and black
:mi irng on the (-Operative plan.
'They formed a company and sub
scribed stock to the amotmt of $3.000
nd eleted a full set of oflic-ars.
The company will ct a shop and
quip it with modern machinery
3.mbers of the association will take
all of their work to the association
shop.
Prevent Leaching of Soils.
T;s a shame to watch the water
a~rrying the plant food out of the
are fields into creeks and larger
ar<-:ns. The faiig water is leach
h~~e plantis nut of the soil on which
.( crop is growing. Such winter
rps as rye, 0ats, -etch. crimisca
:over and others furnish witer gra: -
M. ipreven't leaching out of plant foodl
aii furnish veg;etab'le matter- forth
:oi!. Thecre is no excuse for failina; !o
lntviie einver erci.s on ev'.:
-er (P e vate ! nth :uh
- Plant More Foodstuffs.
This your-s dlroaght and the ilw
rice of ectin on;.:ht to t-ahu
ii 1ia the- l i.tin ( ofh carcel
(::dg cor and hay'. <re orn:h
- iia in ' y er of :-rge fee crop :
itas :.d~s s:'.e sy - or. otf' ar~
\'; lan too few .re of fo
mi n hrb c he pric .
.- Dim tirel :u ..))r-ac ac-re:1 01
ogenandther'.e force the Urb-e
' er:n up th'e unrn. .\ Afow rd
rd (i 01 r~ rubbish mal.e syknid rie:
?-ar't Affrdi to Drink.
'---C', a nk I carnot do it on
n '-- ' s-~' -.i- others. It costs
FlHOM ALL OVER TiE STAT
A Column of Short Paragrap:.: Th
Has Been Collected With Much
Care by the Editor.
Greenville. - At Anderssn Jiad!
Prince issued an order appointir
Fred W. Symmes of Greenville r
ceiver for the Gilreath Manuf.,,turir
Company, which concern was esti
lished about two years ago for ti
mafufacture of muslin underwea
neckwear, etc.
Columbia.-The veterans of Ric'
land county, meeting in the Richlar
county court house, named the cou:
ty pension board. The members <
the board are: David Ral.on, Jacc
Krinim and Ainsley Monteith. TI
board will elect a pension commi
sioner. U. R. Brooks acted as chai
man of the meeting.
Sumter.-The work in this count
.under the Rock HiH plan for the r,
duction of cotton acreage is procce
ing rapidly and will probably be con
pleted by the end of another .week
nothing happens to prevent. 'A nun
ber of canvassers have already pral
tically completed their townships an
sent in their reports to Mr. Nei
O'Donnell, the county chair man.
Spartanburg.-While at work i
Grace's oil mill, located near Dunca
Boyce Shledon, colored, aged 15, wa
caught in the machinery and instan
ly killed. The negro was employe
in the mill, which is operated bot
day and night, and while atttending t
his duties in some unexplainable mai
ner was caught by a piece of the mi
chinery. No one saw the accident.
Charleston.-There was no deve
opments in the milk situation, whic
is being so vigorously agitated. Tb
matter willkcome up in an unofficir
way at the 'iext meeting of city cou
cil, when the board of health wi
report on the charges which wer
atade by an oiclal of the Nations
Corn show which seems to have star
3d all the newspaper agitation abot
the milk supply.
Florence'-A meeting of those ii
terdsted in county a'fairs has bee
called by the delegation to be hel
in The Times auditorium to discus
:he proposed new form of county gol
ernment for this county, which pr<
vides for taking the supervisor ou
of politics and the employment b
the board of an engineer for roads
and the levy of a tav sufficient to giv
the board about $40,000 to do permE
nent road work this year.
CharIcaton.-The matter of the el
tablishment of commission goveri
nent in Charleston will come up a
the next regular meeting of the Chai
.eston Community club on Februar
t5, on a report which wfll be mad
by the delegation that appeared bi
ore the judiciary ccnmittee of th
iouse and urged the passage of th
-:ommission government bill of th
-revious sesion which had been v(
toed by the governor.
Gaffney.-J. C. Duncan, a st.t cc:
table, brought to Gffney a despei
te negro, John Henry Lash by name
:ho is charged with having enterea
.h~e store of D. R. Bird in Blacksbur;
ad stealing a considerable amount c
uterchandise. t seems that the n(
Iro effected his entrance by a wit
dow in the store, tearing the iro;
*rating away. Mr. Duncan struck th
trail and finally located the thief o:
a plantation in the Bugalow sectio3
of the county.
Chr'rleston.-At a meeting of th
.:hamber of commerce the Touirst an
Convention league was organized fo
the purpose of securing convention
and visitters to Charleston. The mee1
in-g was attended by commercial, r
tail, railroad and hotel interests, mal
ing a combination which should prov
effective in the special work. Oificer
-;ere elected, rules anrd regulation
adopted and the matter of the fori
and cost of entertainment consit
cred.
Charleston.-United States Eng
neer Major George P. Howell state
that he had the report on the 20-fcc
channel project for the Ashley Rive
ready to go forward to Washingtox
Some time ago Major Howell was ri
quested to make an examination an
furnish an estimatC of the cost c
creating a 20-foot channel up th
Ashley River as far as the Standar
Fertilizer Works wharf. This pr<
ject, if carried out, will mean muz
to the fertilizer plants located alon
the river.
Walterboro.-At a recent meetin
cf the stockholders and directors c
the Colleton Banking Company,
was found that the bank had enjoye
a most prosperous year. The earr
ings for the past year far exceede
those of any previous year.
Gaffaey.-Gaffnecy people are muc
elated over the fact that the contrac
for the erection~ of the public builh
ing in this city has been let and the
are an~xiously awaiting the beginnin
of work. It is understood here tha
there were only three bidders, on
from Virginia, one from Texas, an
one from Boston.
Cha: iestcn. - Placards announcin
the authecrization of $500I reward fo
.! capture of the party or partie
.ho tampered with the White Ha:
witch recently ha~ve been distribt
::rlington.-Capt. William E. Zin
-man, Confederate soldier, died r
-:at thec ripe a~t.e of 81 years. .
.(:ces? c i te War Betw.een th
K. ,. ,.r. Zimcrman was captai
* eime ?lt artillery. M
- 'a n: 'l ci D'r. John l
- -- -:: :2'>rchn~za D-jBose Zire
"I didn't think so when 1 was
young man," said the old tragediai
p ensively, "but I began to suspect
years ago, and now I know it. Yet
there's a cipher in Shakespeare, m
boy-and I'm the cipher!"
All His Life.
"You're a pretty old man to be bei
ging?" said the lady at the back doe
"Yes, ma'am," Bald the wanderer.
"How long have you been begging1
'I dunno, ma'am."~
"Ybu don't know how long you's
been begging?"
"Na, ma'am; you see, I don't fun
imnow how old I reall am. ma'am!"
N THENEWDEPARTR8
GOUTH CAROLINA UNIVERSIT'
. SCHOOL OF COMMERCE AND
FINANCE SUCCESSFUL.
0
2 DIRECTION PROF .WCUTCHE0
e
r, A Course of a Practical Business Edu
cation is Now Being Offered to thi
d Students of the University of thi
1
) Palmetto State.
b
. Columbia.-There has grown up
school of commerce and finance un
der the direction of Prof. Geo. Mc
Cutcheon in the Unuversity of Souti
Carolina, which forms a distinct de
parture. An attractive card has jus1
been issued, setting forth the scopc
-of this course for the training .p
men for business and public service
Columbia as a commercial center cf.
fers peculiar advantages for a schoo'
of this type, the success of which is
shown by the number of enthusiastic
students so far pursuing the course
in .business methods.
The work of this school is planned
t give a general knowledge of mod
dern business organization and meth
ods and of their relation to the public
welfare. The courses offered have r
practical value for students looking
forward to careers in business, jour
nalism, the puplic service or law.
Courses in economics, banking law
bookkeeping and accounting, insur
ance, public finances and corporation
finance are offered in combination
with courses in the languages, his
tory and the sciences, with the ainr
I of providing a university training foi
e business life.
1 Upon completion of the regular
four years' course the degree of A. B
t is sonferred. A special course is of
fered students of suitable prepara
L tion for which a certificate Is given
The university library contains ,
good collections of books on the sub
ject, tncluded in the course, and th<
various enterprises of Columbia fur.
- 'iish object lessons for the student.
t
F Praise Given State Penitentiary.
Columbia.-"The conditions are ex
e cellent and far above the average. '
wish to congratulate the state foi
the tuberculosis hospital located in
the prison yard," says Dr. A. S. Orne,
well-known social worker and philan.
t thropist, after an inspection of the
state penitentiary. He said that hi,.
v visit to the penitentiary was unex
e pected and that he found everythiwgg
- just ias any oth'er visitor would.-- H
e is in South Carolina in the interesi
e of the establishment of juvenile
e iourts and is a student of prisoners.
South Carolina New Enterprises.
Columbia.-The secretary of state
has issued a charter to the Bank of
Mountville of Mountville, in Laurene
.county, with a capital stock of $25,
000. The officers are: J. N. Bryson
president; A. P. Fuller, vice presi
dent; M. B. Crisp, vice president; C
-M. Fuller, cashier. A commission ha!
been issued to the Home Insurance
and Realty Company of Blacksburg
with a capital stock of $2,000. Th(
petitioners are: J. F. Kitchen, M. H
Morrow and Charles Baber.
Another Veteran Answers Last Calb
Charleston.-Another veteran of the
"Thin, grey line" has answered to hii
last roll call. Mr. Frank Richards
who was well known and respected
in Charleston, passed away at the St
.Francis Xavier Infirmary, after a pro
longed illness. For several years Mr
Richards has filled the post of healtl
inspector for this city. In this capac
ity he worked with the same faith
fulness and energy that he displaye<~
when a mounted rifleman in the
armies of the Confederacy.
Harbor Commicssioners Meet.
Charleston.-The annual meeting
of the board of hubor commission
ers was held several days ago. Mayor
John J. Grace, chairmnan ex-officia,
presided. The reports of standing
Scommittees were read, after which
Sthe election of harbor master and
port warden was entered into, result
inig in election of Col. Jas. A. Arm
strong as harbor master and A. C.
'2ud worth, port warden.
Richland County Teachers Meet.
Columbia.-A very interesting ano
pr-ofitable meeting of the Richland
County Teachers' Association was
held in the McMaster school audi
torium, and the following programme
was observed: S. M. Clarkson, the
C president, called the meeting to or
der at 12 o'clock. The roll call was
dispensed with, as each teacher in
the public schools of the county is en
t rolled as a member. The body of
Steachers then joined in singing
"Praise God, Fromi Whom All Bless
ings Flow."
r 'viil Reduce Cotton Acreage.
Mayes, ille.--From the reports of S.
WV. Rafild, the canvasser for the
R~ock Uill plan" for the reduction of
cctioun it eage for this township, the
- caterr, bzth the white and the a
Zioc-3, appear to have entered into the
;ln with unanim-ity, and if all the
no'~sips throughou;t the cotton belt
asL well, there will certainly be a
~nsiderni.le reduction in the acream2.
:mo of thle hecavi3St pla;. rs in th
I ate live in this seedein, and toi. y
ha-ve not heisitated to agree to -
rjr acreage this year.
A Woniderfui Discovery.
A nwi'enI (dis:cLvy that
s no ie i t o prove of most
r rawhn in~orianlc', and of
bic th pu!! vyt knows too
i ~e, is thait of vatccination for
r\)')- ..t f r The( 4.pJerilnents
-far h'v' b;-.-n-1laimcst marvel
:Mv: ew'1l and the gov
m1 u~b1t ha3s nl12(d the vaccinla
1 en~ ;m pulsory on all olicers
and enlisted miei under -45 who
h ave never had typhoid.
the Orange Judd Fanler. The re
sult is. many times, the butter maker!
are reluctant to reject cream which 1t
so low grade that it ought not to bi
ac-cepted. They do not like to heai
the patron say: "If you are not sat
isfied with that cream why you jus
leave it alone. I'll take it over to th(
other creamery." Thus there are hun
dreds of patrons in cc-operative sec
tions that are imposng on creameriei
because of the rivalry between but
ter makers.
With farmers' creameries there h
absolutely no excuse for this. They
get all there is in It. There should
be co-operation ana not rivalry. iThe
butter makers in the North Iowa Diry
Improvement association appreciate
this and have organized for the pur
pose of bringing about a change. They
have e!ected a president, vice-presi
dent, secretary and treasurer and pro
pose from now on to work in har
mony-to pull together. They intend
to meet every month to discuss
creamery problems, score butter and
compare workmanship. By forming
this association these butter makers
have made an original and one of the
very best moves that can be conceived
of. I notice the following rules in
their constitution and by-laws:
The object of this organization is:
First, to co-operate with the intentior
of controlling the grade of cream ac
cepted at these creameries. All
cream which in the butter maker's
judgment will not make butter scor
ing 93 or better is to be rejected.
Cream rejected by one butter maker
cannot be accepted by another. If
any butter maker is found violating
these rules the organization will use
its influence to have him removed.
Second, to secure uniformity in
wcrkmanship and to manufacture a
grade of butter which will score 93 or
better.
Third, to so co-operate with the of
ficers of the North Iowa Dairy Im
provement assoclation that a general
rarag-r could guarantee a certain
grade and contract- for the entire out
put of all these creameries.
For an organization of this kind
there are many opportunities to do
good. Even at present some of these
creameries are making butter which
scores 93, yet they do not get all that
they might for the butter because it
is sold in comparatively small lots,
and it is not guaranteed to score this
high throughout the year. If the but
ter made by the creameries in this or
ganization scored 93 or better and was
uniform in color, salting, water con
tent and packing it could be sold for
an average advance of at least one
cent per pound more. Butter firms
will pay more for a guaranteed ar
ticle. When they can contract it in
large quantities, say two or four car
loads a week by the year they will
give more. They can afford to. They
do not need to spend time and money
in soliciting shipments.
I will watch th'e work of this most
practical organization with interest.
In my judgment it is one of the most
practical steps that a group of butte
makers could take. They propose to
work in unison. It will pave the way
for the creamery managers to get to
ether and buy and sellgon a large
scale ini a co-operative manner,
WORDS OF WISDOM.
M\an is a bundle of habits.-Aris
tile.
P. man is what he is used to.-ip
porates.
Man ;s the animal capable of po
litical wisdom.-Plato.
Certainly man is no other than the
dream of a cloud.-Plndar.
Epicurus said: Thou art an animal
carrying a corpse.-Marcus Aurelius.
Why, I see all of us to be no more
than vain worms and shadows.
Sophocles.
Man is a compendium of the Uni
verse; in his reason he is an image
of God; in his nutritive and reproduc
tive functions he belongs to the ani
mal order; he grows like a vegetable;
besides he has much of the inert sub
stance of minerals.-Pythagoras.
Philip. father of Alexander, had a
servant whose sole business it was to
remind him that he was human. It Is
said, accordingly, that he never wvent
from the house, and having returned
never gave audience to any one with
out first this servant would say to him
three times in a loud voice: "Philip,
thou art a man!"
TRUTH IN PLAIN CLOTHES.
God1 hates a short yardstick.
Bad seed flourish the best in good
oil.
Money alone cannot make anybody
rich.
Truth never dodges, no matter who
shoots.
The Dead Sea In human form is a
religious sponge,
The greatest of all commandments
is to love one another.
The only way to keep clear of sin
s to keel) close to Christ.
Those who preach only to the head
con become tired in heart.
The man who sets a bad example
s woring for the devil, whether he
nows it or not.
The man who uses tobacco never
soms to know or care how much cf
a nuisance he is to others.
The devil is not wasting any pow
der on the man who is a saint in
hurch and something else in busi
ess.-Rami's Horn.
The Test.
Billy-Huh! I bet you didn't have a
good time at your birthday party yes
terday.
Willie-But I did.
Billy-Then why ain't you sick to
day?
To thev. m1y mCser I
"a prav~r: Fed. ~Water.;
c:Itre for' m: n11d, . hen the di
w k it donf. prvide mnie,
. s- aId a can drM
Ahvays 1w kind to me. P
sometimes, that I may
you more ladi and lea"r
love You, Do not jerk -
rains, and do not whi r
when going up hill.
strike, beat or whip meswn
do not understand whatvn
want; butgive mea chance to
understand you. Watch n
and if I fail to do your bid
see if soniething is not
with my harness orfeet.:
Do not overload me or.
me where water will drop
me. Keep me well'shod;
amine my teetfi when Id
elt; I may have an ulcea
tooth, and that, you MAny. :
is very painful. Do no"':
my head in an unnaturPr,
tion nor take away my-dst d
fense against :;iosquitodSg
cutting off my mane or tai '
I cannot tell you when" I'
thirsty; so give'-ine clean ool
water often. ,J cannot teLl d
in words when I am sicki o
watch me, and by signs e
may know my coudingin
Give me all po.siblesheksQ
the hot sun; and put a b'airket
on me, not when I am working,
but when I am standing in the
cold. Never put a frosty bit in
my mouth; first warm' it by,
holding it a moment in your
hands.
I try to carry you and your
burdens without a murmur and
wait patiently for you- long
hours in the day or ni
Without the power y
shoes or path, I etimes fall
on the bard pavements, and
be ready at ; any moment to
lose my life in your service.
And finally, 0, my master,
when my useful strength is
aone, do not turn me out. to
starve or freeze, nor cell m eto
somem iabruti?, tabisloaly
tortured ard starved to death;
but do thou, my .master, take
my life in the kindest way, and
your God will reward you here
and hereafter. Amen. (Pub
lished by rev u'st.)~
The Strike Settled.
The Manch(tsler,England,cott~ n
mill opeiative's stiike has ban
settled. The operatives struck
because of the employ ment of
non-union labor but they have
now agreed to a truce of a year,
leaving things as they are mean
wyhile. The Union leaders op
posed this action of the rank and
file of the workers, and the fac
tory owners think that they
have won a victory. 1%
the entire British Nation is much
alarmed over the threatened
strike of coal miners. Ii. this
strike is decided on. it will affect
900,000 people.
Dr. Broughton Goes to EnglanL '
Rev. Dr. Len G. Br >ughtos
one of the most famous Bapti~
preachers in the South and pas
tor of a unique instituti~une
church founded by him in. At~
lanta, has accepted a call to th.
pastorate of Christ 'Churel2l
London, England, one of th~
izre.it churches in the world'
greatest cit v. Dr. BronghtoW'k
has been a striking force in th0
South's religious life and out *
section suffers a serious- loss -in'
his departure
Getting Into Hard Soit.
In raising a gcod crop, It. must be
conceded that traction farmig Is far -
ahead of farming done with anlfil
power. It is a well-knownl fact that
all agricultural authorities agree that
deep plowing and the packing of the -
sub soil produce a better crop than is .
possible wtih the ordinary method of
shallow plowving. It is almost- an Im -
possibility to plow deep with horses,
and the common horse plow, because
the entire outfit is too light to get .
down into the hard soil. On the other ....
hand an engine is heavy and strn
enoughl to be forced deep enough to
secure good results. At the samc time
it is far chearer to plow with an en
gine than it is to plow with horses.
Latest Big MAonopolY.
The latest big monopoly .is said to
be a trust which has obtained con-.
trol of 'overy machine devised for the*
manufacture cf paper bottles and
other containers for food stuffs and -
liquids. The new package or bottle
will be made so that it will be de
strayed when opened and mnust be
tbrown away and a new one pur- -
chased with every pachtase of food
or liquid. Tis means that bottles
for milk, vinegar and ~4 ui
packages for butter. oys ei, mnce
meat and everything else can be
used only once. Tfhis will greatly
h:crease the ecst of living. -*:

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