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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1911-current, April 04, 1912, SECTION OF THE PICKENS SENTINEL, Image 7

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uty Congress Unquestioned from the Founda
tion of the Government
ech of Oscar W. Underwood in the U. S. House of Rep.
in Committee of the Whole House on the state of the
under consideration the bill (H. R. 19158) making
e Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending
ection is made' to this appropriation looking to the im
blic-road system on the ground that it invades the re
States. I wish to say there is no man ol the floor of
ous in his desire to protect the reserved rights of the
believe the sovereign States composing the Union have
i and should perform them without aid or hindrance on
e 'al Government. I do not believe the Central Government
o legislative fields that belong solely to the States, but I
the F eral Government, within its well-defined powers, has its
uty to perform ui r the powers given it by the Constitution; that it should
give force and eff to the grants of power given it by the States, and oe
of these grants of wer, to use the language of the Constitution, is "to estab
lish post-offices anl post-roads."
There caji be n question whatever that the Constitution carries the power
to build post-road in the United States. To establish post-offices means to
build post-offices, -I to establish post-roads icans to build post-roads. Gen
tlemen may scoff : the proposition and say that the fathers did not conten
plate our present d\'elopmcnt and modern methods of transportatim- that
they contemplated tilding roads to carry the mail throug the twilderness and
did not dream of time coming vihen th - - --air C6gd be delivered at every
4 farmer's door. Bu I want to say, Mr. Cliairman, that the nel for post-roads
in the United Sta s wa4 no" greater in tie days of the fathers than today.
* * * ~4 * * * * * * * *
Mr. gt. ere does the gentleman find anything in the Constitution
au iig the F eral Govcrincnt to build post-roads?
Underwood. Why, it is very clear. The Constitution gives the power
.. tthe Federal Gernment "to establish post-offices and post-roads."
Mr. Douglas. e language of the Constitution is to "establish" post-roads,
and that has been ield to be a very different thing from building them.
Mr. Williams. iat question was discussed in the Third Congress and was
decided in favor the construction of the Cumberland road by some of the
very men who wr e the Constitution.
Mr. Underwood The contention that is made today by the leaders of the
Republican party at the Government of the United States has no constitu
tional power to a ' the States in building good roads was certainly not main
tained by the lea ng men of the nation during the first half century of our
existence as a Go rnment.
* * * * * * * * * * * *
On March 14, 18, the House of Representatives passed the following res
"Resolved, that Congress has power under the Constitution to ap
propriate morqy for the construction of post-roads, military and other
roads, and of-canals, and for the improvement of waterways."
Thomas Jeffersi said, in a letter to Mr. Lieper, in 1808:
"Give us p' ce till our revenues are liberated from debt, and then, if
war be nece sry, it can be carried on without a new tax or loan, and
during peace we may checker our whole country with canals, roads,
etc. This is the object to which all our endeavors should be directed."
While Secretaor of War in 1819 Mr. Calhoun made a report to the House
of Representativi on roads and canals, in which he said:
"No objecl of the kind is more important and there is none to which
State or in vidual capacity is more inadequate. It must be perfected
by the Gen al Government or not perfected at all."
In addition tj this, Congress has a stronger and more specific warrant for
making this apiropriation, under the authority conferred by the Constitution
"to establish pfst-offices and post-roads." Cooley, in his book on Constitu
tional Law, sayl:
"Every road within a State, including railroads, canals, turnpikes,
and navigable streams, existing or created within a State, becomes a
post-road, whenever, by the action of the Post-Office Department, pro
vision is made for the transportation of the mails upon or over it."
A Southern Presi- ThCosr
dential Possibility tv ot
In the mention of Oscar \V. Under- Nomaydsagiwssuetd
wood, of Alabama, for the Democraticinaedtrlinhspprtathee
Presidential nomination resides a good ll fta eto fteUinta
deal more than a suggestion that wv edahlacetragtobaku
nave got too far away from the CivilthUnoofheSasmgtpsil
War era to regardl a statesman as nec- tr u ob h oeo osr
essarily "unavailable" because he comes vts hiwudsada are
~* from a commonwealth that was a mem- aantauag norshm fgv
her of the Southern Confederacy. crmnthtwud esoyhefbi
Of the men now before the countryofteCniuinalpedbor ie
as possible or probable DemocraticfoeahrndatfdbyheSts
candidates for the Presidency, Under-thtadfutfoanacivd d
wood is certainly one of the strongest. ledneadfedm
HeI has had a line training in Congress, A vdneta uhatigmyb
and is in himself a man of natural force aogtepsiiiisaprgahi
and large capacity for. work-and wvork-hce uoe frmasehmdeb
ers are what we want in executive posi-I-o Osa W.UdroofA
tions. HeI has been a member of the bma oteYugMnsDmcai
House of Representatives for sonme fif- Lau fS.Lus
teen years, and has risen by force of
merit, and nothing but merit, to a posi- "Sm Deortwatopu
tion which made it inevitable that he th iniave ndrfedu
should be Chairman of the Committee pakit h ainlpafr
on \Vays and Means wvhen the Demo- oftelmcricpty I
crats came into control of the popular tikta vudleu~ie
branch of the Government. He has the Th intave ndrfedu
youth, the environment, the enthusiasm, salclisesso tms
the courage, the political sagacity, and
the statesmanly qualities fully to justify teptoalyitoheUtd
his consideration in connection with the Stesyudtryhe nie
4Presidential noiiationi. fbi fteCnttto.W
Mr. Undlerwood is a conservative man, acntatu eorc.Ti
who is capable of entertaining pro- isarpeetiv Gorn
gressive idleals and at the same time of mn.
realizing fully the dluty and the ne
cessity for conserving substantial inter- Aqterdeknwr.Udrvo
ests of the community. The Democratic
party might go farther and dho vastlyCmiteofheHuefRprsna
wvorse than if it should nominate him at asigo.Btfrheac
as its standlardI-bearer of 1912.-Mun- (a i santv n ieln ei
scy's Magnzine, January, 1912.(lutothSuhli vldsadafn
UNDBRWOOD IN THE WEST ddt o rsdn etya.Cno
"I am gratified to see this State mov-(uaiecfothpromneofhed
ing onwvard in almost every line and I te ftegetofc sayoei
note the wonderful growth of Birtcnnciomniing-otdube
ham. I observe that Thme Age-Heraldthtielcdlewodmaeasf
has kept full step with the progressive Peiet-nxil ora n rb
spirit and has led in the work.
"The growving strength of Oscar Un- mwOcoe2419.
decrwood in the minds of the people
throughout the United States has givein
Alabama a kind of publicity that the
State could obtain in no other way, DMORTCLA ESI
particularly on the great question of
the tariff, for it was not thotught that Tems ain atcnetdwt
one would come out of Alabama with
its variedl interests who would be athstrofheblinhepsntq
D~avid to dlefy the trusts. Oscar Un-grsisteemkalsrnthote
derwood is regarded by many men as Dmcai atcailtehg ul
thme best equipped, cleanest, fairest man iysi~nb r newotehae
to-dhay menitioned for the presidency f
lie is nomiinated, lhe will undoubtedly o h at ntefor h fre'
win. If any strong sentiment of the fe it ilwsamse toe n
South demands his election lie will be M.Udroduiie ti h lbt
nominated. Out in Colorado, with its wt nefcieesta etntigt
thousands of visitors from all partsbedsr.Whtgvseasretho
of the United States, lie is the first manthDeoricpsinishatepry
nlamed by most of them. The prom-isgapngwt abgad(ifcit
inience given to his candidacy by the qeto nasii hti toc
'magazines and the public press has cuaeu n rcia.I hr st
caused a strong tide to rise which Ibenerofscladshpstatr
hw and believe will carry him to the rsne yM.Udrvotetr
H-ouse. I took much pleasure"patcloiis"mybreudfon
it - .4 ~n organizing the Underwoodthigonynowic itasfle
("t1 o ver, andl it is doing good adrcvrtemaigt hc ti
".ra naby."-Harry H-awkins, lgtmtl nild-e okEe
N. 'n the Birmingham, Ala.,nngPIrpouei ieElDad
~, I sn uay 8,191.nSn (ee oriadinthiSpprings, th Mpo.
p/ fta eto fteUinta
His name is Oscar W. Underwood; uc
his years are onl the sunshine side of ird
fifty. As chief of the Ways and Means, i
and chairman of the Committee on Com- re
mittees, he is Speaker Clark's right arm su
in the House. ev
Mr. Underwood's cry is "Tariff for dc
revenue only I" When Mr. Bryan, eaten -1
of a rule-or-ruin spirit, came to Wash- is
ington at the beginning of the special H
session to trouble the waters of party lY
hope with an attack upon the wool bill h
as proposed by the Democrats, Mr. Un- ai
derwood, in going after Mr. Bryan, lit
stated his own tariff position. Said he: M
"'ihe Democratic party stands for a ti(
tariff for revenue. The Democratic w"
party does not stand for free trade, ra
and I do not believe the people will Il
be misled by the statement of Mr. a
Bryan." it
That Mr. Underwood is against pro
tection, and fights it, evinces his cour- M
age. He comes from the Birmingham an
district .in AIPdama-a breeding-ground th;
of protection. In Mr. Underwood's dis- it.
trict there are nine railroads, one hun- sel
(red and forty-eight miles of street-car ch
tracks, $150,000,000 of invested indus- thl
tries, an annual pig-iron output of ly
2.000,000 tons, and a production of dv
15,000,000 tons of coal. The city of lo
lirinilgham has an annual pay-roll of L<
$50,000.000. The Tennessee Coal & Iron Ja
Company, which is a part of the Steel *
Trust, controls one-third of all the prod
In this morning's magazine section tio
of The Times our readers will find the th
very interesting report of an inquiry e*
by a staff correspondent into the record th.,
and repute, in his own home, of the pr<
Hon. Oscar W. Underwood of Ala- tll
bama, who has recently been discussed 1)0
as a possible Democratic candidate for so1
the presidency. It is needless to say we
that The Times is not concerned to ad
vance the interests of any gentleman to
in this direction in preference to any vai
other: It is concerned only in laying a 4
before its readers such information, rej
carefully gathered and impartially pre- a !
sented, as will aid in the formation of cai
sound public opinion and a choice that de
will be to the greatest advantage of the ele
Nation. an
\Ve think our readers will agree that an
any party may be congratulated among re
whose prominent men, to whom the tiil
cyes of the party are directed on the cai
eve of a presidential campaign, there be
is one with such standing among those m1i
who know him best as Mr. Underwood In
has. Plainly he is a man to be trusted, th
because le is trusted, for his integrity, of
purity, civic courage, and ability, by his na
own people. Whether, when the time w<
comes for a choice, he will be consid- mi
ered the best man is a question which tic
it is nowy too early to decide. But there sii
is one element that wvill enter into the Ui
problem which may well receive atten- en
A VOoc
From Virgina
"All of the avowved aspirants are inl
men of distinction and merit, but my plC
individual opinion is that thle party has "
an opportunity to mlake a magnificent of
selection by chloosing for its standard at
bearer in 1912 thle wvise, well-balanced his
and thoroughly equipped Alabamians
H-on. Oscar Underwvood. th<
"Mr. Underwood's record in states- ly
maniship is a good enough guarantee as
of hlis fitness for thle Whlite House. oil
lie measures up to all thle requirements ge:
of thle exalted positionl. He is fearless frc
anld broad-minded, and thlere is nothing wve
of the demagogue in his composition.
Some wyill cavil at his Southlern origin It
and raise the oft-repeated cry thlat no th<
Southerner can be elected to tile presi- nas
dlency. Thlis bugaboo is raised in spite ]
of tile fact thlat all the leading papers we
of the North aind South and all wvriters tin
of any note have declared time aind he;
again thlat sectional feeling and preju- th<
dice, based on the wvar of '61-65, have eol
dliedl out conmpletely. sta
"If that be true is there any longer thli
any valid reason against going to the qu
South for a candidate? If Mr. Under- rol
wvod's personality and public service
render him peculiarly available should as
thle matter of location bar him from the ve
lnmination? Thie idea is absurd."- M
Hon1. A. C. Broxton, of Richmiond, Va., sh
in The Baltimore Sun, January, 1912. th
Whether the disclaimer of Represen- m<
tative Oscar W. Underwood of candi- do
dacy for the Democratic nomination for (Id
presideint is to stand or not, thlere is no
question that lhe is looming large anld m~
seriously, no less at the North than at an
thle Southl, as a possibility, if not this Pe
time, then in the near future. Mr. wi
Underwvood is making a wvidcspread and tiv
dlistinlctive imlpressionl, nlot only as tihe ral
honest, bold, sagacious leader of the of
IHouse majority, and~ not only as a mias
terful Southlern Democrat, but as ani th<l
American publicist and' statesman-a lie
man~l of affairs andi broad conlcept of m<
his responsibility to the whole people.- thl
Richmond, Va., Times-Dispatch, re- co
prinited in tile Birminlgham, Ala., Age- co
Ikrald, January 22, 1912. or
"Ins traveling through tile country I of
hlear no0 end of political talk," said"
Jamles A. Braun, sales manlager of the
Wyeth Chemnical Company of New
"During the past five or six weeks I
hlave hleard Underwood very mulch dis
culssedl as a presidlential proposition. I hia
found1( ill the Carolinas a great deal of ta;
Unlderwoodl sentimienlt. I have been cr;
keeping tip withl Underwood's record a
inl Congress, and~ I b~elieve that his in
commanlding position in tile Democratic ani
party will he appreciatedl by tile rankg X
anld file of the Democracy."-Age. In
I!krald, Birmingham, Ala., Tai. 7, 1912. JTu
ts of the district. One-third of all the
>n-ore holdings of the Steel Trust are
and around Birmingham. Surely, at
st glance, a bad outlook for a tariff
former! And yet Mr. Underwood
cceeds and re-succeeds himself with
er climbing majorities.
It is the Underwood honesty that
es it-that, and his clean courage.
ic dominant quality in Mr. Underwood
honesty, and folk have found it out.
onesty is among the scarcest of earth
commodities, and when a community
s discovered it in the possession of
individual, it guards it and works it
:e a gold-mine for every final ounce.
r. Underwood is honest: His elec
>n was not the work of money. He
is not chosen as either the pet of the
ilroads or the first-born of the trusts.
is seat was given him by the people,
d because they believed lie would fill
to the best of public advantage.
This enidnation of the popular gives
r. Underwood the House high ground,
d he is so far military in his genius
it he knows how to fortify and hold
From his place as a people's repre
itative, he can overstare and keep in
eck the Paynes and the Dalzells and
Crumpackers, who are present mere
by the grace of pirate money, and
,ell, therefore, on House levels much
ver than his own.-Alfred Henry
wis in the Cosmopolitan, New York,
nuary, 1912.
* * * * * *
As the head of the Ways and Means
n even thus early. It is the fact
it Mr. Underwood is a man of South
i birth, a Representative from a South
i State. There is a feeling, rather
in a definite opinion, which finds ex
ission more often in his own section
in in the North, and perhaps more
en in his own party than in the op
site party, that this fact would be a
irce of weakness if Mr. Underwood
re named by the Democracy.
)f course, this is a matter not easily
be decided with confidence in ad
ice. There has been no occasion for
listinct expression of public sentiment
,arding it. It is a half century since
southern candidate for the presidency
ne before the Nation, and a good
al longer than that since one was
cted. Great events have intervened
d left their impress on the minds
d hearts of men, the depth and di
:tion of which no one can surely es
iate. Our own judgment is that a
ididate from the South-other things
ing equal-would not be weaker and
ght even be the stronger for that fact.
a broad way, it may safely be said
it there is in our people now a sense
tried and proved and established
tionality which might, and probably
>ild, welcome an opportunity for
mnifesting itself. This sense of na
nality has grown progressively ever
ice the close of the wvar for the
iion. It has been steadily strength
ed by the conditions of our National
Jaokscrew or Axe
r'hat wvith the Democratic party al
idy in power in the Hlouse, and hav
a visible chance of coming into com
te power in the National Govern
nt, it is of interest to learn from
at viewpoint the actual pilot-in-charge
the Democracy's legislative ship looks
his task and by what stars lie shapes
\re they fixed andl steadfast lights of
political firmament or arc they mere
those will-o'-the wisps that flame up
"paramout issues" for this year,
y to be forgotten next year? We
a comforting light on this question
in another remark by Mr. Under
'I think thc big question is the tariff.
is the question of the development of
industries and commerce of the
"roni a Democrat that is a remark
lI-nigh startling. It exhibits such an
usual viewvpoint. It is almost like
rng Andrew Carnegie confess that
re might lbe such a thing as a right
is war. Illerctofore, our D)emocratic
tesmen have so uniformly declared
it there was nothing to the tariff
estion biut stopping "robbers" from
l'hey ntever seemed to think of a tariff
having anything to (do with the (he
opmient of induistries and commerce.
.Underwood does. He says we
mId reduce our tariff because wvith
settlemen~it of the \'Vest wec have left
bind the~ days whelin our home market
sorbed the prodlucts of our factories
d left ius no surplus for wvhich we
~eded to look for a nmarket abroad.
HIe holds that otur indutstrial dlevelop
nit has outstripped the increase in
mestic demand, andu that we are pro
cing, or at least have the existinug ca
:ity to prIoduice, a great surplus of
nufactures for which we must fmtd
trets in other countries. Therefore,
d since ''we cannot trade with other
>ple unless we permit thenm to t radec
th us," reduce the tariff to a competi
e basis-to the "lowest rates that wvill
se the revenutes that the exigencies
the Government require."
Dne ma~y agree or disagree with that
~ory of tariff-making. One may dishe
e that its effects will lbe "develop
nit of the indtustries and commerce of
nationi." llut at least it is a theory
isistent w.ith itself and professing
istruictive aims and not merely clam
ing for dlestruction.
A\nd its piropotnent is no doctrinaire
'sht from academic halls with his nod
crammed with "solutions" of every
nig. Neither is lhe the freak product
passing popular delight with the latest
velty amiong politcal entertainers."
icago Intecr-Ocean, September 26,
Mien like Payne and Mann dleclare
n to lbe the most resourceful an
ronist they have found on the Demo
stic side. A skillful parliamentarian,
g~oodl speaker, holding himself always
perfect conitrol, he is a model leader,
dI his following is daily increasing.
ashington Correspondence in The
'ening Bulletin, Philadelphia, Pa.,
nie 1911.
Committee, Mr. Underwood has showi
himself to be the right man in the righ
place. What advances are made by tht
party in 1912 will be due largely to him
le knows tariff in all its schedulq
windings, as a man knows the hallway
of his own house. He has wisdom. H(
has temper and spirit, but is neithe
unreasonable nor vindictive. I hav
faith in the tariff thoroughness of Mr
Underwood. If I owned the revenue
of the Government, I shouldn't hesitat<
to employ him as night-watchman.
Alfred Henry Lewis, in the Cosmopol
itan, January, 1912.
* * * * * * ,
Mr. Underwood is faithful in hi:
friendships. To those whomi he casualh,
iects, he is affable, albeit non-com
nittal, keeping his own counsel. He i:
never rude nor hard; never violent
even with blood foes. For the strangel
within his gates his air is gentle am
frank. He is easy to see, and, speaking
generally, has been ever careful to keet
himself within the reach of all. News
paper folk, sent to Mr. Underwood b3
some stress of duty, never fail to lik(
him. He has his dignity, but there i
no reserve. He maintains no distance
between himself and them. He answer,
a question with a round readiness, o:
says plainly that lie can't answer it an
tells why. He expedites the business ii
hand, and will even anticipate the pur
pose of one's coming, and put questioni
to himself.-Alffed Henry Lewis, in th
Cosinopolitan, New York, January, 1912
life and especially by the intimate, ex
tensive, and increasing intercommuni
cation within our borders. Our peoplk
have for forty years literally lived to
gether, and always more and mor<
closely. They have gradually ceased
to think in ternis of sections, and thc
South is to-day no more distinct and
ipart from the East or the Middle
West or the West in the minds of those
who dwell elsewhere.
In the next place, no one under sixty
ias any personal experience of the
:ivil conflict, and that means not mere
y that the majority but that the great
iody of voters are without this ex
)erience. It is more than a quarter of
i century since the "Southern Ques
ion" entered even nominally into a
National contest. If it were raised
cow by any party, and those who would
Je influenced by it had to stand up
mad be counted, we believe they would
.e ludicrously few. On the other hand,
we are confident that, were the issuc
nade, a great many voters-chielly
imong those who were most earnest il
their loyalty in the civil war-would by
1 common impulse of generosity and of
;elf-respect incline toward the Southern
:andidate. If forced really to think of
Ihe matter, and to act on their conclu
sions, it would seem too absurd to act
in the present on the issues long sinc<
settled, settled in their favor, and set
tled forever.-Thec New York Times
November 26, 1911.
A Voice
Frorn Florida
"Oscar Underwood, however, has
nore friends than any man mentioned
For the Democratic presidential nomi
antion. He is more popular throughout
he country wvith all the D~emocrats than
he others. He i's almost the unanimous
econd choice. If you ask the H armon
nen who they would be for in case
Iarmon could not lbe nominated they
.vill say Underwood; when you ask the
W~ilson men the same question as to
Wilson, they reply that if Wilson cani
lot be the nominee, Underwvood is their
hoice ; and the same thinig is true of
he Champ Clark men."-T. A. Jennings,
ational Committeeman from Florida,
in the Pensacola Even ing News, Friday
vening. January 12, 1912.
Meanwhile Mr. Underwvood has r
vork to do in Washington for which h<
bas revealed a remarkable aptitude. I
is not too much to say that the existing
harmony among the Democratic mem
Lers of the H ouse, and the ability the)
showed at the last session to wvork to.
gether, are largely due to his skillfu
leadership. IHe proposes to resume th
task of tariff revision at the poinit wvher
it was interrupt ed by the P'resi~dent'
vetoes-The Providence (R. I.) Jour
nzal, D~eccmber 2, 1911.
The careful reader of the newspaper5
is surprised at one notable feature oL
the papers from piractic-ally every see.
Lion of the cdyntry. This feature is th<
genceral not ice andl at tent ion paid to Coni
ressmnan Oscar Underwood as a candi
date for the Democratic presidential
nomination, and thle uni form prais<
which invariably accompanies the mn.n
ion of him and h is candhidac:y. This is
all the more surprising because Mr. Un
lerwood mnaintai,is no press bureau. Or
he other hand, prTominenttt canditidates
for the D emocratic: nomninat ion like Gov
ernor II armont of (Ohio, Governor Wil
son of New Jersey and Speaker ClarI,
rof Missouri, maintain large and activ<
bureaus, which are cont inucally sending~
out campaign literature to the papers
of the country.
Notwithstanding this, at the presen'
time Mr. Underwood is receiving mnor<
attention than any other, we might sa)
any' other two, presidential cancdidate:
combined. T1hce attitude of the voters
towards Mr. Underwood may be doumbte<
uint il that at titudle is made clear in at
election, but it cann~ot lie doubted thai
his record and his strong personality
are admired by the newspapers of th<
country. For now he is receiving n-or<
free and favorable advertising than any
ot her public man of the country.
Mlontgomseryv (Alabama) Advertiser
January 5, 1912.
t (In address before Young Men's Demo<
"Some Democrats want to put the i
National platform of the Democratic
Thci initiative and referendum as a 1c
when you attempt to apply it to the Ur
of the Constitution. We are not a tr
government."-From Knoxville Journal
The emphasis here is placed upon Mr.
Underwood's wisdom, but along with
this is mentioned his honesty.
These two qualities greatly impress
every one who conies into association
with Mr. Underwood, or who closely
follows his course in Congress and in
public life. He is wise: he does not
disturb himself about little things; his
own personality is not obtruded; his
political ambitions play no part in gov
erning his words and actions. He has
-an eye single to the performance of
duty and believes that duty well per
formed is the most urgent considera
tion. If doing his duty should mar his
hortunes--as he certainly believed it
would when he voted against the peni
sion bill-lhe will take what comes with
out complaiiiing. Not every nian can be
president, lie thinks, but every man can
try to do the best that is in him for
his country and for the times he lives
And this is honesty. le plays no
politics; lie stands out against raiding
the treasury-no matter what be the ex
cuse offered-and lie opposes his own
friends and associates quite as firmly
as lie opposes hi., oppoieits wheti, in
his judgment, the thing proposed to be
donie is iot for the common good.
Southern Leaders
and the Tariff
No sensible maii, certainly no one
friendly to the South, wishes to see the
tariff made a sectional question. Thc
course of Mr. Clark and Mr. Under
wood tends to prevent this. They stand
not only with their own party through
out the country, but with the strong
public sentiment in support of tariff re
duction that has divided the Republican
party, and thrown the House into the
hands of the Democrats. When we say
that in this they are serving their own
section, we have in mind the important
fact that they are bringing to bear on
niational affairs the intelligence and
strength of their section, and giving it
the opportunity to take a leading part
in the affairs of the Nation. They are
undermining the unfortumate section
alism that has, perhaps unavoidably,
pervade(d Southern politics for a long
tinie. They are ranging the South on
the side of progress and in the line
of the most significant movement of
national opinion that has manifested it
self in years. Nothing is more certain
than that our vast anid intricate and
oppressive tariff system is to be
reformed, and its reform is bound to
be the oiie task of statesmanship ini the
niext few years. It can be determined,
and uinder certain conditions it can be
led by the meni of the South.-New
York Times, January 31, 1911.
Underwood Among
The threatened breakdlown of Ma
jority Leader Underwvood, as a result of
long hours of hard work on the tariff
in the WNays anid MIeanis Committee, put
many a D~emocrat in a nervous state of
iid. There dlevehlped suddenly a full
appreciation of the worth of the Ala
hama Congressman as a leader. F"or
Mr. Underwood to become dlisabledl or
to be removed from the scenie of his
usefulness at this critical time wvould be
like pulling a corner post out froii
under a pilatform on which was heaped
most of the political t reasu res of the
piarty, D.emocrats quite generally arc
williing to adiiit.
Credit for the achiievemieiits of the
Democratic I louse heariing the stamp of
conistrntiv e st atesmianiship is giveii
readlily to the majority leader. Due to
his success as a legislative nimnager-hiis
abil ity' in most tests to keep thle IIlouse
D~emocracy unit ed-aiid thle fact that
Civil War wounds have beeii allowed to
heal because of the. scareity of public
iimn of the typ~e of Senator Illeyburn,
of Id(ahlo, a Southle rner is being se
riously considlered NorthI and South I as
presidentmia Imnaterial. The U. nderwood
for--l 'residenit muovemenit has been at
t ractinig volunte er workers st eadlily
since last spriing, when thle iiewly-in
stalled IDemiocratic Ho iuse assttmed its
responi~ililit ies. An Underwood boomi
for the Demiocratic nominationi for
P residenmt put on l ong transers at thle
beginning of thlis. lie nat ionmal campamigni
year.--Auistiin Cutnninghiani, in lie San
Antoi' /i.r/'ress, January 5, 1912.
St. Louis honors Oscar W. Under
wvoodl for his character, for his achieve
ments and for his D emocracy.
Thei Chiairmian of thle Ways and~ Meanus
Committee is a practical D emiocrat. II is
leadership in thle Ii(ose of Represetnta
tives shows t hat. lie possesses thec
ability to eiilist meni of varyinig ideas,
planis and mioodIs in 'upport of dlesirab~le
atid feasible objIects. Meni who agree
on basic priinciples may he itnvolved in
bitter hostility by aniitagoiiisms which in
their essenice amonit to little.
* * * * * * *
Mir. Underw~Vod's exaniple as a header
of Democrats in Conigress is worthy of
emulat ion elsewvhere. It makes for tol
eranice. Troleranice makes for unmity.
Uiiity makes for progress. 'There is no
other way to render D~emocracv ef
fect ive.
The youg Democrats of St. L~ouis
who persuaded Mr. Uniderwood to be
conic their guest will find in his policy
as wcll as his principles the biest hope
of party achievement and party life.
The Si. L~ouis Re/>ublic, October 17,
:ratic League of St. Louis, Oct. 16, 1911.)
nitiative and referendum plank int'o the
party. I think that would be unwise.
>cal issue is sometimes sitccessful. But
ited States you destroy the entire fabric
ue democracy. This is a representative
and Tribune, Oct. 24, 1911.
In a politician this would beccounted
recklessness, because party and spoils are
translated in many minds to mean the
same .thing; but it is the highest wis
dom in a statesman. Even should it
have but partial success in controlling
a party following, it must be productive
of immense good in showing that the
South has in Mr. Underwood 'a man
who can be trusted by the Nation-a
man whose patriotism is not limited by
small things, nor suffering from the
burden of any prejudice.
F'or our part, we believe that such
wisdom is of more practical value than
would be the keenest political schem
ing; and that this very absence of self
seeking, this contempt for the arts of
the politician, is working for him, while
lie himself has his mind centered upon
things he regards as of more moment.
The country could do no better than
to put its entire trust in such a man;
and there is good reason to think that it
will do so. As Mr. Lewis says, it
should not "hesitate to employ him as
night watchman." This coming, not
front the South, but fron a writer whose
attitude is critical and whose atmosphere
is of the North, is certainly a tribute
not to be despised; its significance is
very great.-The Mobile (Alabama)
Register, January 21, 1912.
a Real Man
The Democrats of the House have
reason to be proud of their floor lead
er, Chairman Underwood, of the Ways
and Means Committee. Mr. Underwood
has given ample evidence of the pos
session of the qualities of mind essen
tial to the position. He has also dem
onstrated most conclusively that he is
a mian who cannot be cajoled or bul
lied from the course he considers right.
In the debate over the Canadian rec
iprocity bill former Speaoker Cannon
imade the bluff that the steel trust fa
vors the enactment of the measure.
Mr. Underwood called the bluff very
effectively by producing a telegram
from his home district saying that the
United States Steel Corporation has
stopped work on important mills there,
giving as their reason that Underwood
stood im Congress advocating the tariff
reductions on steel included in this bill.
Mr. Underwood added that two years
ago the steel trust opposed his election
because of the tariff views and threat
(ened to tturn himt out of Congress if
he voted for reductions on steel duties.
'l- voted for them just the same," he
stated, "and they failed1 in their efforts
to turn me out of Congress."
Underwood is every inch a man, and
the people have more respect for one
such as he than for a whole battalion
of corporation-controlled standpatters.
7he Ocala Daily Banner, Florida, April
29, 1911.
This New Leader
Frorn Alabarna
But this new leader fronm Alabama,
with nothing meteoric or iridescent
ab'out hint; wvho has forged steadily
ahead duritng sixteen years of congres
siouial service, and whlo has proved him
self equal to every emergency in the acid
test of debate on the floor of the Hlouse;
cool, implertuirbable, resourceful, sure of
himself at all times; profoundly learned
on the great tariff issue he stands for;
whose imtpressive personality is reveal
ing itself ini stronger lines every (lay
as the searchlight of the press plays
upon it-he is the M an of Destiny for
lhe Demauocrat ic party in this year 1912..
Andt( as thle emntipaigni for the nomination
progresses, Alrt. Utiderwvoodl's superior
.avalability will conie out with increas
inig clearness, and the Democratic masses
of thle South will catch the inspiration
of the great fact that a Southern man
froit the heart of D.ixie is at last in line
for the presidlency after all these weary
years of waiting. .Whten that psycho
lo gical nmomietit arrives-in the national
'oniveti on or before it--a very nearly
solid SouthI, fused to white heat uinder
the enthIiusiasnm of a genu inc Southern
presidential candlidacy, will take Oscar
Underwood on its shoulders, sweep away
all the well laid plains of miach'ine politics
andi~ rush him right to thle goal, a winiter
by slieer force of ait overwhelming sense
of simiple~ julst ice to thle Sout h. At
least, that's the way we want it.---The
.(nc (Fl a.) Demsocra t, December,
Chiairumani Unde-rwood has ontce itore
given proof of thtat levelness of head
and~ clearness of purpose which have
characterized htis leadership from the
begininig. H e has flatly refused to
enamuuteniaitce aity cogitett ing with thte La
Follette idea oit the wool bill. Whether
viewed1 as a mere ainnounicement of
programt or as a lill that it is desired
antd expected adcially to get enaceted into
law, the L~a F'ollette prtopositioin (hoes
not meet the tneed~s of thme situtation
The Necw York Post, August 2, 1911.
A fter thte Southternt manner, Mr. Un
dlerwood is unaffectedly democratic. HeI
meets men as one who, respecting him
self, also respects them, lHe (does not
wvear the maniier of one who expects to
fiitd htis inferior. Still less wvould he
remind yout of one who fears he may
nmect his stuperior. Never does he pose,
nor seek to transact his dignity at the
humbling expense of another.-Alfred
Hentry Lewvis, in the Cosmo/>olitan, New
York, Tamary, 1912.

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