Newspaper Page Text
- Year ErmeP
Y-o vik R om e-Paper I *
ves M ens County News
-Enered April 23. 1903 at Pleena. SUBSCRIPTION S e sICE,$
PICKENS, S. C., JULY 30, 1914
Many Meetings Next
Month in Pickens Co.
The Sentinel is giving you this
week a list of campaign meet
ings to be held in Pickens count3
during August. Cut this list oul
and paste it up for future refer
Congressional campaign meet
ing, at Pickens, August 1. .
State campaign meeting, al
Pickens, August 19.
County campaign meetings a
Easley, August 6.
McKinnev's Shop, August 7.
Liberty, August 8.
Centrt.l, August 13.
Six Mile, August 14.
Antioch, August 18.
Pampkintown. August 20.
Dacusville August 21.
Pickens, August 22.
Besides the campaign. meet
ings, three farmers' institutes
will be held in Pickens county
during August as follows: At
Six Mile, on the 11th-. Oolenov,
14th; Pickens (vetch'and clover
Managers of Election
August 25th, 1914
Alice Mill-Roy R. Smith, B.
F. Galloway and-Jbhn S. King.
Antioch- G. F. Bowie, W. W.
Aiken and T. A. Winchester.
Calhoun-R. M. Holden, R.M.
Morgan and C, W. Boggs.
Cateechee-J. H. Chapman,
C. D. Gaiarid'and T. D. Smith.
Central-J. S.-. HaU. A J.
Crane andTam Pattison.
.Crosswell-W. -. Ray; . H.
Garrison andI .0. Hughey.
Cross Plains-H B. Haley,
Max foward and Frank Hester.
Dacusville-J. R. Latham,W.
D. Sutherland and J. P Jones.
Easley-J. M. King, L. J.
Smith and G. W. Griffin.
Easley Mill- William Ander
son, W. P. Holland, and J. F.
Easle* Mill No. 2 at Liberty
J. 0. Speake. H. H. Kennemore
and,S. S. Williams.
Flat Rock-J. S. Wilson, Jr.,
Mr. J. Boggs and 0. M. McKin
Gap llit-W. E. Bowers, C.
M. Steele and E. 0 Mauldin,
Glenw6od Mill-C. J. Ellison,
Sam T. Smith and'J. J. Sims. -
Holly Springs- G. M. Lynch,
E. Winchester and W. T. Chas
-Issaqueena. Mills-R. Bam
seur, C. J. Tarrant and John
Julian's Store-J. B. Findley,
Arthur Julian . and B. N. Glaz
Liberty-J. Herbert Brown.
Geo. A. Reeves and W. A,
Looper's Gin-Joe Looper, E.
L. Jones and Ola Chapman.
Mije Creek-J. S.. Bowen, J.
El Nix and T. A. Stewart.
Norris-H.' 0 . Entrekin, A.
N. Bolding arid J. W. Gilstrao.
Pickt ns-W. E.. Hendricks,
scar Ailgood and Gary Hiott.
Pickens Mill-R. D. McKin
ney,. J. S. Bagwell, Jr. and H.
ricks,,Jr., A. B. Tally and D.
Prater's Creek-C. G. Lewis,
no. Borough; and G. C. Bold
Peter's Creek-J. T. Foster,
W. H. Williams and W. A.
Pumpkintown-E. F. ,.eith,
L. A. Roper and W. T. Ander
Six Mile-D. E. Garrett, M
A. Evans and W. 13. Mann,
Shady Grove-John W. Thom
as, L. C. Owens and M. T aylor
One of the above named man
agers should call for the ballot
boxes on or before August 24th.
Assessment of Candidates
At a'meeting of the County
Executive' Comnmittee at the
:curt house on July 27, the fol
lowing scale of assessments was
For State Senator--......-------$25.00
ouse of Representatives--.- 15.00
ounty Treasurer..--.--....----- 25.0Y
Supt; of Eduication -----------15.00
Probate Judge----.----------- 10.00
Supervisor .---...---- --------- 25.00
oroner -..-------- ----- ------ 5.00
agistrate at Easley..------..--10.00
Magistrate at Pickens---------7.50
All other Magistrates ---------- 2.50
Blank pledges for the use of
andidates can be had by apply
ing to the county chairman, G.
. Norris, Cateechee, S. C., or
Clerk of Court A. J. Boggs,
All pledges, accompanied by
the proper fee, must be in the
hands of the chairman 67y noon
>f August 5.
Sunday School Picnic
The Sunday school of Law
rence Chapel church will picnic
at Lawrence's Ford, on Keowee
river, Friday, Jul 31. The
public i~s cordially' invited to
come and bring wet-fied bas
Negro Shot Sunday
Th two convicts. Tom Vick,
whit? and Ed Gibbs, colored,
who-kescaped'from the county
Sunday - orning near Griffin
Vick and Gibbs were both
"trusties," and when they were
eft at the camp Friday unguard
d&they disappeared,taking with
Ibem clothing belonging to the
uard and- .a 45 calibre pistol.
They-were not heard from until
Sind~ay mnorning, when Sheriff
Roarkrreceived a-message that
the men were in the neighbor
hood of. Oriffin clfurch.
T|hewhbit man,,Vick, was ar
Sested- by the citizens of that
_Aectaeforethe sheriff arrived.
e-ro showed fight, and
drew his itol on -his pursuers.
Hehweer, made off twety or
thirty mhi%@.before the arrival
Sof the be . He was traced
thoughthefieIds for a mile ani
'a canebrae. From the
cembr heenteredthe brake
bewas traced by means of the
young growth which was mash
ei down. When Sheriff Roark
cneupon Gibbs and ed for
I surreader,;the negro did
y, but' reach for his
-01 W.- 4>"'a g that he was in
2di*W nheriff Roark shot the
negltto, protect himself After
the negro had fallen he was re
lieved4 his bistol by Chief H.
A..eaty while the sheriff kept
hi co i red. Gibbs' pistol was
the .45'Colt which he had stolen
~ Ki ~ae catriedtoa hospi
-. a rilust rfte tie
saisig -WS T Rerk, ac
icoined byvDr; Valley. His
Oauar&e iglikely to prove
senous. -Ihr bulet ertered the
b6dy ust belor the stomach'
coning out -on the left side: -
Tom Vick is serving a two
,year sentence for highway rob
bgry, having waylaid a man
named Beasley, near Glenwood
mill at Easley. Gibbs was serv
ing a two-year 'sen$ence for
housebreaking and larcenyhav
ing broken into the dwelling of
J. F. Jennings at Liberty.
Phillip Chapman an aged
citizen of' the Eastatoe section
left his home Tuesday morning
of last week and has not been
located up to this time. He
lft.the house about nine o'clock
and took his gun with him, tell
ing his daughters that he was
going hunting and that he did
not know whe'n he would get
2 o'clock the same day, and
when Mr Chapman did not re
tumnat dark his people statted
a search for. him, fearing that
some accident hdbefallen him.
seachd hewoods, but to no
avail. T wo mnen were -sent
across the -mountain into the
Laurel Fork section and found
where he had spent the night.
They searched further a n d
found that he had bought an
4-2tfit of clothing at - Rosman,
North Carolina. It isasupposed
that he boarded the train there.
He had several hundred dollars
with him. Mr. Chapmlan has a
son living in Indiana.
Willie Lewis, who has been
qpite sjck is out again.
Miss Alice Whitmire spent
Sunday with her father, Mr. J.
Sunday school at Tabor is
progressing fine, with Mr. Billy
Porter as superintendent.
Mr. Clarence Hill is at home
after spending a month with
grandmother in Greenville.
Mrs. Luther Freeman and son,
Hubert, of Pickens route -1, are
visiting Mr. Joe Merritt near
Grenande Mrs. Robert Medlin
p . spent last Saterday, with the
latters' parents, Mr. and Mrs.
* The infant of Mr, and Mrs.
Joe Hill died the 26th and was.
laid to rest at Tabor cemetary.
Th6 family has the sympathy
of their many friends.
J. H. Baker will sing at Por
ter's Chapel next Sunday morn
ing, August 2, at 9,30 o'clock,
and at Mountain Grove at 3
o'clock the same day. Come
out, everybody, and let us have
a good time.
Bennington-Hall Bakerized Steel
Cut Coffee a
T.The Votan Mocha and Java a
4 The Votan Tea is the Best in the
A melowfine and satisfying
S CeedTeawith ade- j
Folger, Thornley & Co.
Sen. Tilnin Presents
County With Picture
The following letter, along
with a picture of the South
Carolina legislature of 1868, has
been received by clerk of court
of this county.
Hon. A. J. Boggs, Pickens, S. C.
My Dear Sir:-You have seen
in the newspapers how I came
into possession of a photograph
of the "Ringed, Streaked, aid
Striped" legislature of 1868, the
first one under the Reconstrue
tion.Acts. I have had it en
larged and am sending a copy to
each clerk of court in the State
to be hung in his office for the
benefit of the public. Please
acknowledge receipt and tell me
that ycu. will. hang it in your
office so that South Carolinians
may see, for' a hundred years at
least, just- what the old men
now passing away had to en
dure and restore decent govern
ment in South Carolina.
B. R. TimAN.
On the'right side of the pic
ture are the names of the legis
laturemen, and at the bottom of
it is this pinted in large letters:
Radical rpembeis of the South
Carolind legislature of 1868,
signed b2 Mr. B. R. Tillman, U.
Below this in snialler type are
the photographs of sixty-three
(63) thembers of the Reconstruc
tion South Carolina legislature.
Fifty (50) of whom are negroes
o r mulattoes a n d thirteen
whites. Twenty-two read and
write (8 grammatical), the re
mainder make their mark and
of an amanuensis of nineteen
(19 are taxpayers to an aggre
gate of $143.10. The rest pay
no taxes and the body levies on
the whole people of the State
Below this is type written:
"Prese1.ted by Senator Tillman
to the clerk's office in' each
county in South Carolina as a
warning to his fellow-citizens of
the necessity for white unity:
Lord. God of Host, Be with us
yet, Lest we forget, lest we for
Dea4i Mr. Mlgs Singleton
Mr. Miles Singleton died at,
his 'horhe near Peter's Creek
church, in this county on the
20th inst., after an, illness of
about five weeks. The immedi
ate cause of his death was pneu
monia. Had he lived till the
15th day of December next he
would have reached his eighty
second year. Mr. Singleton
was one of the oldest citizens of
the county and was well known
and highly esteemed by many.
IHe was born and rearid in
this county and spent his life in
it except while in the war be
tween the~States, and lived most
of it it the old home where he
For more than fifty years he
and his wife,,who survives him.
gave journeyed togrether h'aving.
m mautual sympathy and help
filess the joys and sorrows of
life. They lived to see of their
offspring the fourth generation
great, great grand children.
For more than half a century
he has been an humble follower
of his Lord being a m smber of
Peters Creek Baptist church or
wich he was an honored and
faithful deacon for many years.
~But he is gone from us now and
the empty pdw will attest hove
much 'he will be missed at
church where he. loved so much
to be. A chair is empty in the
home and never more, will the
old home seen the same. There
will hencefoth a gloomn about
it and people will tread softly
and sneak in hushed tones when
There is a vacancy in the
community which coun never
be filled. He will be missed by
his loved ones, his friends and
He is survived by his widow,
Mrs. Frances A. Singleton, two
daughters and one son, as fol
lows: Mrs. Martha L. Robin
son, Mrs. Mary Baker and'Job
E. Singleton, and quite a large
number of grand children, great
grand children and great, great
The 'funeral services were
held at Peters Creek church the
day following his death con
ducted by Rev. J2. E. Foster and
Rev. L. H. Raines and his body
was laid to iest in the church
ceetery. . The following acted
as pall bearers:' Active; C. E.
Robinson, T. T. Hughes; B. A.
Foster, J T. Foster, J. R. Foster
and G. L. .Hunt. *Honorary;
H. B. Sing n. W. H. Bridges,
N. M. Baker, B. F. Griffin, G.
F. Jones and Y. M. Robinson.
.The profu~ floral offering
and the large Ancourse of peo
ple attending~ the funeral at
tested the higi esteem in which
he was held.
"The strife is i'er, the battle done;
The ictory olife is won.
The soi of 'u ph has begun."
Miss Mag eAiken of Green
ville is vsil g her .cousins,
Misses: Jewell *-; Bonnie Lee
mHanei n ens.
GREAT TENSENESS IN SENA.
TORIAL RINGS ON ACCOUNT
OF THE SHOOTING.
DOCTOR HENIES SIGNATURE
McIntosh Says it Was Clever Forgery.
Governor Offers Reward-At Lau
rens, Lexington and Saluda.
The overshadowing event in South
Carolina politics during the past week
has been the shooting of Dr. J. H.
McIntosh, a pronminent physician of
Columbia. This event created quite a
sensation, as it came at a time when
there was great tenseness in the at
mosphere as 'regards the senatorial
situation. The ralationship came
about by the divergence of statements
of the governor and Dr. McIntosh in
regard to a certificate read by the
governor, last week in Abbeville in
which Dr. McIntosh is said to have
advised the governor;to pardon Rich
ey, the Abbeville ma'n who had been
sent to the penitentiary for commit
ting a heinous crime against his four
teen-year-ola1 daughter. The governor
stated that Dr. McIntosh signed the
statement, and Dr. McIntosh denied
the authenticity of his signature, In a
statement given out to the press, and
in which he stated that not only had
he told the governor that Richey
should not be released- but -that h9
was feigning pkaelysis. At the Green
ville meeting, Mr. J. W. Norwood was
dubbed a "coward" when he A'sked the
governor in regard to the McIntodh
statement, and the governor stated
that hq would ask the physiian to b6
on the stand in Coluinbia. atthe met
ing to be held there, when he would
read the statement and ask Dr. Mc
Intosh if he did not sign it. This
meeting was held Thursday, and early
Thursday morning Dr. McIntosh was
waylaid on his way home from the
Knowlton hospital and shot, the
wound, however,- proving. not to be
serious, but'sufjcient to .prevent his
appearuce at the meeting. Dr. Mc
Intosh gave out -a statement Imme
diately after he was shot saying that
the man who did the shooting said
in escaping, "Now you wont bother
Colle tomorrow. The shooting prov
ed a seanetionaell over the state, and
J. W. Norwood, of reuville, -offered
a re&id ot fAve tfroussad dollars for
the appr4ension with proof to con
vict of the man who instigated'the
Governor Blease read the statement
'at the meeting in Columbia Thursday,
equeesing regrets that Dr. McIntosh
had been shot and that be was n
able to appear; that were he present
bebrould aski him if .he signed the
tatzment 'atter inspecting the signa
ture. He offered to give a hundred
doiars to anyone who proved that the
pydcan did not' sign it. -
Statement by Dr. Mcintosh. ?
Dr. Mcintosh Sazustar afternoon
gaye out a statement in which he
stated that he."had snot, signed -the
statement, that' it was a clever ford
gery of his signature, and that he had
given the governor no statement up
on qtationery of the Knowlton hos
pital, the statement as read by the
govemnor being upon stationery of
The candidates have only two meet
ings this week, one at Elidgefield Wed
nesday and the other at Alken Thurs
At Laurens, where the first meet
in~g of the past week was held the
friends of the governor were in the
majority. He wa carried on the
shoulders of his friends end received
an ovation. This was one of the fea
tures of the week, and the reception
accorded the govel'nor were marked
by much entlhusiasm at all of the
meetings. At Lexington he was plac
ed in a wagon uzpon which sat six
pretty girls -leading a procession of
several hundred people. Thegsame
reception was accorded him at the
Saluda meeting Saturday, while at
the Columbia meeting he received
several tokens. Six little girls pre
sented him with boquets of flowers.
Senator Smith's friends have like
wise been active the past week in
staging receptions for their ca:All
date, and at all of the meetings he
was placed ,upon a bale of cotton lead
by a number of farmers on horseback.
The attacks of W. P. Pollock upon the
record of the governor has~ also been
a feature of the week, the speaker
receiving the attention of his hearers
and much applause. L. D. Jennings,
also made vitriolic speeches against
the recor'd of the governor, and at*
Lexington state& that he hoped his
wife oandl children would leave- him
if he ever grasped the han~d of Blease,
this being said in answer to the state
mentof the governor that he did not
speak to him and Mr. Pollock. on e-r
off the stage;
Meeting at Columbia.
By far the most interesting meet
ing of the week was the one held at
Columbia. Peojile from all over the
state had come to-the capital city in
the expectancy of. seeing something
"bek-s the governor had promls
d at the two meetings held last week
to answer the statement of Dr. Mc
Intosh In 'regard to the Rlchey'state
ment. There was a tenseness in the
air all over the state and .when the
news 04s spread abroad that Mc
Intosh had been shot the night before
many more people came to Columbia
to hear the candidates. Dr. McIntosh
had stated that he would certainly be
on the stage at the proper time to
prove that he did not sign the state
L D. Jenninga Speaks.
The first speaker of the Columbia
meeting was L. D. Jennings, who had
great difficulty in making his speech,
there being a great amount of heck
ling by the friends of the governor
when he denounced him. He told his
auditors that he intended having his
speech regardless, and excoriated the
chief executive- merc!lessly upon his
record. When he referred to the
reign of lawlessness and the shooting
down in the dead of night of men 'he
was lustily cheered. He finished his
speech under great difficulties.. The
next speaker was Senator Smith, who
launched into his record at Washin:
ton. He told of his labors in behalf '4
the working man, and while ha re
ceived some heckling at the hands of
the suppor:ers.of the governor he .re-.
*ceived marked attention from the
audience. When he at first arose to
speak he was accorded an o'fation
lafsting a full minute.
He did not refer to any of the other
candidates running and when he sat
down he was presented with a )rn-h
Blease Cheered and Hissed.
The next speaker was Governor
Blease, who came- forward amidst
cheers and hisses. A part of the
audience hissed him for some time,
making it difficult for him to ,make
his speech. but he bitterly donounced
them, and stated that it was a cromi
of Metropolitan and Columbia Club
members.. The hissing kept up, an'l
he ordered the state constables to go
up to the Columbia Club and the
Metropolitan Club and close them up
.until he Aeard from him He said he
was doing this In retaliation and ask
ed his enemies to continue hissing as
'it was making votes for him 'all over
the state. He was preseited with a
large number of flowers as he began
to speak, an umbrella and a loving
cup. He launched into his enemies,
paid his respects to the newspapers,
.and said he had beat them all two
years ago and predicted that he would
beat the "hound" out of them on the
twenty-fifth of August. He then be
gan upon the McIntosh statement,
reading the list of records he had read
at the Abbeville meeting where he ex
plained his release sof Richey. ' He
then read the statement he says was
given him by one of the most promin
ent lawyers of the state as having
been signed by Dr. McIntosh, wherein
the laher stated that Richey had "a
nenri -simaan aas- He
said that if that 'signature- to the.
statement was not Dr. McIntosh'Athat
it had been forged, and that he, would
do all.he could to catch tiF nr 'Who
committed - tle forgery.. Her stated
that he was sorry ,Dr. McIntosh was
not'present and that -he had been
shot, saying that no Blesseite had
shot him, that Bleaseites do not shoot
people down at midnight. He celosed
his epeech. by predicting that he
would be elected on the first ballot.
Poliock Denounces lIlease.
The speech of W. P. .Pollock at
tracted a great deal of attention, and.
he answered his heckclers with blist
ering replies. He found difficulty in
spak~ing on account of the .friends of
the governor, but met with more at
tention than did- L. D. Jennings. He
denounced the record of 'the governor
in scathing terms, and when asked
about the: record of -the- governor at
the University he stated that that
was a private matter and that he did
not propose to talk about the private
record of any man. He told ot -his
own record as a member, of the state
legislature and that it was he who
had sintroduced the jim crow pasean
ger coach law. He promised? if elect
ed to serve the interests of all the
people and said that the people of
this state were mord interested in the
enforcement of law and order. He.
told of the pardon record of thes gov
ernor and held up the red republican
ticket he has been exhibiting upon
which is the name of one of the gov-,
ernor's colonels and said that he had
appointed upon his staff a dago from
Charleston who had not art the time
of appointment citizenship papers. He
mentioned the asylum investigation
and accused the governor at attempt
ing to ruin the name of a pure and
innocent woman, referring to Dr.
Lexington and Saluda.
At the meeting in Lexington there
were a large number of farmers and
a good many visitors from Columbia
an Newberry. The meeting was with
out any particular feature, as was
also the case at the meeting thle next
day at Saluda. At the Lexington
meeting the governor stated that he
had .a complete organization through
out the state, and that he could tell
at the shortest not-ice the numnber of
votes and the number of people en
rolled. He stated that State. Senator
Sharpe was the president of his or
ganization and that his private secre
tary Jno. K. Aull, was the secretary.
He referred in' admiring wordis-to Geo.
Bell Timmerman, the- county chair
man, who he said was a strong Blesse
Dr. McIntosh's Statement
The following is the statement
which has been issued by Dr. J. H.
McIntosh .last Saturday: --
-The Knowlton Hospital,
- Columbia, -S& C.,
July 25, -1914.
On Thursday, July 28, 1914, I was
still so much under the Influence of
the anssethetic and of anodynes fromi
the operation of the night pre'vious
S good resli
that I did not see the afternoon Ps
per and consequentLy did not knov
until Fr:day morning what had beei
said at the campaign meeting o1
Thursday. As soon as I saw on Fri
day mornihg the certificate set out ii
The State purporting to/have bee
read from the platform-by Governo:
Blease' I Imediately sent my father
Dr. James McIntosh, and a friend U
the governor's office to request that
he. send the certificate to the Know]
ton Hospital by his private secretary
Mr. Aull that I might have an oppor
tunity of seeing and inspecting It. Mr
Aull told these bentlemen that thE
certificate was not in the office, bU
that Governor Blease had it in hil
pocket at the Lexington campaigi
meeting, but that he would obtain I
and that it would be In the governor'i
office on Saturday morning.
On Saturdqy morning, on applica
tion at the governor's office, Mr. Aul
told my father, Dr. James Mcintosh
that Governor Blease had come to thq
city Friqay night' but had not com4
to the ,capitol and consequently. hi
had fiot secured the original certifi
The only certificate I signed in thi
case bears date of January 9, 1912
that being the date of our visit to the
South Carolina peniteptiary and ol
our examination of R. A. Richey. It
was prepared and signed in the- office
of the South Carolina penitentiary im
mediately after our examination. It
is written with pen and ink and is on
one of the- letterheads of the South
Carolina penitentiary. It is-In my
handwriting, and it contains no rec
ommendation of pardon or parole. It
was.signed by both Dr. Knowlton and
myself, and I understand that It was
turned over by Dr. Knowlton to Mr.
W. R. Richey.
When this true certificate' Is pro
duced I will identify It and'will stand
by Its statement. And this, Is the
only certificate that I have ever sign
ed In the Richey case. Unfortunately
there Is no copy of this certificate in
existence to my knowledge-we made
no copy. of it that afternon. and I bavs
not-seen the original sirce.
This certificate as wrtiten *b us
was not satisfactory to Mr. W. R.
Richey, and on several days subse
quent to our examination various
typewritten modifications of our cer
tificate were submitted to'Dr. Knowl
on and myself for our apgroval and
signature. Each of these, after read
ing carefully, I returned unsigned, as
in my opinion they did not cover the
The certificate published In the
newspaper as having been read by
Governor Blease, purpots to bie writ
ten on the letter paper of the Knowl
ton Hospital and bears the date of
January 19. 1912, whereas the only
certificate I signed. was written: os
letter paper of-the penitentiary and
bears date of January 9. 1912. The
certificate set out in the newspaper
is not the true certificate: I did not
sign it and any signaturethereto pur
porting to be mine is not genuine.'
(Siged) James H. McIntosh.
The governor, after this statement
was issued, sent the original state
ment to the hospital for inspection
by Dr. McIntosh. The physicIan
stated that he did not sign It, and said
that It was a clever forgery.
GOOD ROADS AS CROP PRO.
Gvernment Studies Show How thie
Agricultural Output of a .County
Depends Upon its Highroad.. -
-Washington,, p~. C. - That a-a- im
proved road will Increase vastly othe
productiveness of 'the area .throg
which It runs has now been satisfac
torily demonstrated by studies con
ducted by the United States depart
ment of agriculture In Virginia. Con
ditions in Spotsylvania county~ were
Investigated with- particular care and
the results have proved surprising. In
1909 the county voted $100,000 to im
prove 40 mIles of roads. Two years
after the completion of this work the
railroad took away In 12 months from
Predericksburg, the county seat, 71,
00: tons of -agricultural and~ forest
products haulisd over the highways to
that town. Before the improvement
of the roads this total was only 49,000
tons annually; hi other words the
:uantity of the county's produce had
risen more than 45 per cent. Still
more interesting, however, Is the In
rease shown in the quantity of the
dafry products. In 1909 these amount
d to 114,815 pounds, in 1911 to 273,
028 pounds, an Increase of practically
140- per cent in two years. In the
ame time shipments of wheat had
ncreased 59 per cent, tobacco 31.-per
ent, and lumber end other forest
roducts 48 per cent.
In addition to this Increase In quan
ity the cost of hauling each ton of
produce was materia:lly reduced. In
other words the farmers not only pro
uce more but produce more cheaply,
for the cost of transportation to mar
ket Is of course an ifmportant factor
n the cost of jvroduction. From this
point of view It Is estimated that the
$100,000 spent In improvIng the roads
n Spotsylvania county saved the far
ers of that county $41,000 a year. -
In the past, two years the ti/affic
studies- of the Federal experts shdnw
hat approximately an average of 65,
00 tons of outgoing products were
auled over the Improved roads in the
ounty an average distance of 8 miles,
r a total of 520,000 "ton-miles."- Be
fore the roads were improved It was
eatImatd that the average.,ost- of
hauling 'as 20 cents a "hiif"
-after the improvement this fell to 12
ents a - "ton-mile," or a saving of S
ents. A -sa'ving of 8 cents per nile
on 520,000 "ton-miles"- Is~- $4,0.00 a
year. ' The county's investment of
$100,080 in other words returns a div
idend of 40 per cent annually.
rove that ad
IN CAMPAISI -SUES
SCHEME FOR CONCENTRATION
VOTES IS DENOUNCED.
ANOTHER MEE-TING CALLED
No Schemes Will Be Considered
Which Does Not Give All Candi
dates an Equal Chance.
Anti-administration candiates in
the race for governor showed a ten
dency to split last week on account
of the "spirit of unfairnesss" that was
assumed to be in the anti-administra
tion conference held In Columbia Sat
urday for the purpose. of . considering
the concentration of votes on one or
two of the anti-administration can
didates. The scheme was' denounced
from the stump by some of" the six
candidates who' are supposed to be
anti-administration because of their
platformsn or direct statements to
that efect, as a caucus prejudged In
favor of one of the candidates. They
stated that they would not consider
themselves bound by the decision or
advice of such a conference, &i which
they w'ere not eilually represented,
and some of them felt that to surren
der their claims to the governorship
would be a c6rtain sign of political
death. Yet another conference, which
seems more just on the face;.wpll.be
called this week, -but the opinloiis .of
the six candidates have - not been
made public I as to how they would
take to its "decisions.
In the. ranks of administration can
didates there has developed a new
feasture; that was, ,the unexpected
attack on John P. Richards by Charles
Carroll Simms, -who fafyed the politi
cat record of his opponent for his,
vacillating. This was the first time
that Mr. Simms had turned from his
path to attack a fellow candidate and
if tontinued, it- is thought, -will tend
to iplit the administration vote. W. C.
Irby, Jr., a friend of -the present gov
ernor-has- for some time been speak
ing against Mr. Richards, , charging
thet-hfs opponent is but -recent con
vert to,.Bleism. For the most part,
however, the charges have not been
answered by Mr. Richards, who sel
-doqm fails to speak of his friendship
for Blease.. e
in tho meantime, the issues'in-the
ciam ti, remain with no hope of
change or debate. 'The candidates ay
11rV-hboldl.on their convictions Al to
education. John G. Clinkscales is the
sole iadvocate of an immediate law
for- state-wide compulsory education
and against'fiim are arrayed 'the argu
ments'of Richar I. Manning and'Men
Idet'L.Smith, who favor a local option
coWpulsory school attendance law.
Rdbest A. Coper is in. favor of .any
mgasure that 'looks to- the general
education of the people of the State.
but he maintains that provision for.
thi education of the children in the
state' should .be made before afa
caipellinig education' is enacted by the.
leisIatire., -Charles A. Smith, who1s
'the 4vecite of submitting to the peQ.
ple. the (uestidst of state-wide'proli
bition,-'is also l favor of -the educa
ti'oijif-the people, Strongly i oppo
sil1ld(:toitiese stands oil the -.uestied
ofedicationl is the 'opinion 'of Jobii G.
Richards,. who oppose compulsory
eediton in any form,- stating tst
sneh ~ t~~plis, -contrary to the
funy alsentiments of :the Anglo
The question of enforcement of law
isagaining more promiisence In -the
speeches of the candidates. N~n Char
leston, Richard I.. Manning and Men-.
de) FLa Smith, who continually de
nounce the present conditon of disre
gards for law, condemned the .re
trgk gambling which is carried out
in flat city in utter disregard for the
spedial law that prohobits it in' this
staste. JIere also, JohnG. Clinkscales
brought down on liis head the bisses
and shouts of denunciationl ol -manyl
in the audience for his statement that
those who operate blind tigers should
wear stripes. As in many places in
the state all promises by candidates
that they would enforce the laws as
they appear on the statuta books
were greeted with applause.
The Blease. pardon record of, hav
ing turned loose more than 900 n
groes and 300 white men in the past
three and a half years, has been
scathingly denounced and invariably,
those, who speak of It, win applause.
On this point, too, there is agreement
of intent in the statements of Richard
I. Manning and Mendel L. Smith.Mr.
Clnkscales and Mr. Cooper are also
strongly opposed to the indiscriminate:
franting of pardons, but they do not
make it an Issue. Lowndes J. Brown
ing, who "has never been accused yet
bf being fbr Blesse," has been a
steady advocate of law enforcement
for. many years. .He, too,Ais against
the ingdicious use of the pardoning
power. .With his plank of an econom
ic .dministration''in all state depart
ments, -Charles A. Smith is also rask
ed among those who will. issue par
doua only in cases where it Is thought:
fustiece denianids. an :%xtension 'of
- Therec are thN. ardent supporters
of- the plan of rural credits. Lowndes
3. Browning, Robert A. Cooper' and
W. C ..Irby, Jr., are wor*ing to have
the state loan "cheap money" to pros
pective farm owners and home ow3
age ofe tenants on te fna an-h
the houses of. the state. .They g
that the negro, wo by reso h
competition on lor .gradS*
has compeHed' the fAwata .
ple to mov .fom theo
tlie citi This redeest
tion, increases the
thereby naintains the V
living. - '
Another. issue -4 -2,
with this pla ,Mt zral c
the resources of the state.
Cooper Is In favorftb i
each county a farm demonstrat
school, which shin, be rum under the
direction of Clemson Agricutmml
College. Mr. CooperIs w*nor gfor
education of the frm.with es
reference to him ga 4 i
the ravages of the boll.
according to experts, will each
Savanpah river in..ve-year
The shooting of James
M. D., of Columbia early
morning by ga unknon~
ing. It was attacked as
of the lawlessness
crime, which "has ivene
among its isister ebnin nWealth
The minor races ra U
with the 0etion
tween A. Wgones ani
general at .the
There was 'tendency
ings for -candidates '1ntie
missioner-to lock hora, t 1 ~
race dbeate, wh be
surface t the
M. C. Alit ant
cum e it, -ca... ial
ties whh.at be- -
ter, have be -
the canddates -
ent and the -
The meeting hs
on Tuesday,. W
lower seu4 ..
ty- to -.'.- A -_
NAW CE_ A
ptan tyb ~of -
netf- Is e ien. '
road lia ever been
specidists of 4b.iL
read. tat --
ment are the -.fgt
bridges , ods
roads i e -
maintenance A --
nanice/ but w lce9e
the surface~ e~ r
good i etbe
kept oene1 -al
ept for veryst
These ditches ca'lidih
constracted and rel1is -
and weedsso 1 )e t .
riad as they
also -objecto p ~$~
to dust d~r mu& -
dry or hard., old~~
are equally O3CIWb.
surface; is to bcuj
A split-log dragl
vice Is very u'sefalin
surface after suitabli
earth roalf. Thie-.~~
dragging Is th ay
soils ~wm gpddle 6
very hard wlien. dry
tion that the erth o
be glyea prcmpty1 n
time If the-best reus
In dr dng eeds B
toflh the-rns epen
thIn layer- otaplaitic clay -
which paclm- eq hsz7S
lect runs of leavling --
little afectd. '
The drag should be
be drawn over the id
ofabo~It 45 degrees.
i t i a-Wel K.
ey tri -
road, should be tgi -
bad spell.qf weatlMYr -
in proper conditioi.* -
still not adhere to the dg-> .