Newspaper Page Text
The great steamer Lusitanla was
Galasgow, launched July 7, 1906, and
long, gross tonnage 32,600, net tor
end class passengers and 1,300 -third
TWLVE HUDRED L
Two Torpedoes Strike Vessel
.Sending Her To Bottom In
. Fifteen Minutes
STORIES OF SURVIVORS
About 120 Americans Are Lost.
Many Victims Are Women. Bod
les Brought to Land.
London.-The Cunard liner Lusi
Lana, which sailed out of New York
-with more than 2,000 persons aboard,
lies at the bottom of the ocean off
tahe Irish coast. She was sunk by a
'German submarine, which sent two
torpedoes crashing into her side while
-the passengers were at luncheon.
The Lusitania was steaming along
about 10 miles off Old Head Kinsale
on the last leg of her voyage to
Liverpool when about 2 o'clock in
the afternoon a submarine suddenly
appeared and so far as all reports
go, fired two torpedoes without warn
ing at the steamer. One struck her
-near the bows and the other in the
The powerful agents of destruction
tore through the vessels .side, caus
ing terrifllc exlolsions. Almost Im
mediately great volumes of water
pouredl through the openings and the
Boats which wvere already swung
-out on the davits were dropped over
board and were speedily filled with
passengers who had been appalled by
the desperate attack. A wireless call
for help was sent out, and immediate
ly rescue boats of all kinds were sent
both from the neighboring points
along the coast and Queenstown.
Within 15 minutes, as one survivor
-estimated, and certainly within half
an hour, the Lusitania had disap
Wh~en the passengers realized that
the Lusitania was doomed they
found that most of the boats of the
port sidle were so jammed because of
the great list of the v3ssel that they
could not be lowered and last seen
of them by the more fortunate pas'
sengers who had secured places in
the starboard boats or who had
jumped overboard and had been pick
ed up, they were lined on the sloping
decks awaiting their fate, doubtless
even then believing that with land so
close they would still he saved.
However, the torpedoes had torn
such gaping holes in the liner that
she did not remain afloat for more
than 20 minutes, and the calls for
hlp which the wireless sent out, al
though answered quickly, could not
bring the rescuing steamers in time
to be of any service.
Clinton Bernard of Now York, a
first cabin survivor of the Lusitania,
said of his experiences:
I jumped overboard. I had no life
belt but I picked up a bit of floatsam.
Finally' I got to an upturned boat and
cling to that. Later, with some others
who had swam to this boat, we ialan
aged to right it and climbed ini and
started to rescue thog we could
reach German subm ne hi ace no
attempt to save anybod '/ saw it
for a moment just beto~ ' dote.
-"The first torpedo'o ck us be.
'tween the Vyt and~ d ~unnels.
The L2eSjki\ :Bhookf, 4ttl~d down
ai%t. Two ot a,6 e~ 4 uickly
followed. and sooni fnish
Four or fito of our lit
NARD LINER, LU
one of the largest and speediest trans-1
started on her maiden trip September 7
nage 9,145, and had accommodation f
-class. Her captain was W. T. Turner.
IT OCEAN LINER
down with her and the tremendous
suction as the liner was engulfed
dragged many down.
"The first torpedo burst with a big
thud, and we knew that we were
"We had floated about two hours
in our small boat before the first res
cue steamers arrived. Previous to
this time some small shore boats and
fishing smacks came along and help
The Rev. H. W. Simpson, a passen
ger in the second cabin, saved him
self by clinging to an upturned boat.
"After a struggle we filled this boat
with all we could rescue." Dr. Simp
son said today. "We tied a pair of
trousers to an oar and hoisted it as
a signal of distress.
"A big trawler came along and took
"When we were struck I was in the
saloon. Lifebelts were handed around
but the people did not want to put
them on and they rushed off to the
deck just as they were."
A cabin steward gave the following
"The passengers, a large number of
whom were seriously injured by the
explosion and by splinters from the
wreckage, were all at luncheon. The
weather wvas beautifully clear and
calm. We were going ' at about 16
knots, and were seven or eight miles
south of Galley head when we were
struck by one torpedo and in a nin
uate or two by two more. The first
explosion staggered us, shattering the
gigantic ship. The Lusitania disap
peared in 20 minutes after- the first
"It was a terrible sight, but the
passengers were Eirprisingly cool.
We did not get a moment's notice
from the submarine. It appeared sud
denly above the surface on the star
board bow. It disappeared as suddely
as it came into view, and was not
seen again. It did not attempt to
save men, women or children, but left
them to drown like rate in a trap when
the gr-eat ship sank like a stone.
GERMANY DEFENDS DEED.
Points to Warning and Seeks to Shift
Blame to Owners.
Berlivn, via Wireless to London.
The following official communication
"The Cunard liner' Lusitania was
torpedloed by a Ger-man submarine
and sunk. The Lusitania was not
only armed with guns, as were re
cently most of the English mercantile
steamers, t'ut, as is wecll known here,
she had large qluantities of war ma
terial in her cargo.
"Her owners, therefore, knew to
what danger the pasengers were ex
posedl. Trhy alone bear all the re
sponsibility for what has happende.
"Germany, on her part, left noth
ing undone to repeatedly and strongly
warn them. The imperial ambassador
in Washington eveu wvent so far as to
make a public warning, so as to draw
attention to this danger. The Eng
lish newspapers sneered then at the
warning and relied on the protection
of the Britiesh fleet to safegard At
No News of Vanderbilt.
Washington. - American Consul
F'rost at Cork sent the following
ce~ble to the State Department:
"Please assume that persons not
listed as either survivors or identified
dead are missing and almost certain.
ly dead. No news of Vanderbilt
Stone, Shields, Myers, Hubbard, For
nuan nor Gat te bodies.
Alantic liners. She was built in
, 1907. The Lusitania was 785 feet
)r 550 first-class passengers, 500 sec
PRESIDENT CALMLY CONSID
Washington.-After a conference
with the president at the White
House, Secretary Tumulty said:
"Of course the president feels
the distress and the gravity of the
situation to the utmost, and is con.
sidering very earnestly, but very
calmly, the right course of action
to pursue. He knows that the peo
ple of the country wish and expect
ilm to act with deliberation as well
as with firmness."
FACTS ABOUT THE LUSITANIA.
Every Thing About the Great Ocean
Liner Was Colossal in Dimensions.
New York.-The Lusitania is the
twenty-ninth vessel to be sunk or
damaged in the first week of May in
the German war zone about the
Most of these vessels were torpe
doed by German submarines, although
in some cases it has not been estab
lished whether the damage was in
flicted by mines or underwater boats.
During the last fortnight German
submarines have carried on the most
active campaign of any time since the
The Lusitania was one of the larg
est trans-Atlantic liners and was one
of the speediest. She was built in
Glasgow in 1906 and was 785 feet
long. Her gross tonnage was 32,500
and her net tonnage 9,145. She was
owned by the Cunardl Steamship
Company, Ltd.. of Liverpool. 11cr
captain was WV. T. Turner.
The Lusitania was a proauct of the
race for speed which was carried on
for years among trans-Atlantic steam
ship companies, particularly of Eng
land and Germany. When the Lusi
tanla wvas launched she was the wvon
der of the maritime wvorld. Her mas
tory of the sea from the standpoint
of speed was undisputed.
Marine engineers were particularly
interested in the great engines by
which the Lusitania was propelled,
which were regarded as a distinct de
parture. Instead of the usual typo of
reciprocating engines, her builiders in
stalled turbines. These engines de
veloped an indicated horsepower of
70,000, driving four shafts, each of
which carried a three-bladed pro
The launching of the Lusitania on
June 7, 1906, at Clyde Bank, was at
tended with elaborate ceremonials.
She left on her maiden trip Septem
ber 7, 1907. This voyage was herald
ed as a race for the wor-ld's record.
German steamship companies said
her time of flve cdays, 54 minutes,
was not in reality a recor-d. Later
she made an undisputed record of
four days, 11 howrs. 412 minutes, but
that subsequently was beaten by the
In January of last year the Lust
tania rescued the crew of the little
Canadian brlgatine Mayflower which
waj difting wrecked and helpless
1,000 miles from the Canadian shore.
Every thing about the iLsitania was
of colossal dhnmension. Her rudder
weighed 65 tons. She carried three
anchors of 10 tons each. Tfhe main
frames and beams placed end to end,
would extend 30 miles.
Charles P. Sumner, general agent
of the Cunard line in New York, is
sued a statement jusit before the
Lusitanla left Now York the last time
saying her voyage would not be at
tended by any risk whatever, as the
liner had a speed of 25 1-2 knots and
was provided with unusual water
tight bulkheads. Marine men said that
In their opinion the Lusitania cou-ld
not be sunk by any single torpedo.
Japan Cancels Military Movement.
Trokio.-The Japanese Government
announced that the naval and military
movements in connection with the
Chinese situation had been can.caoUnd.
ONLY A FEW OF LUS
rwo OR THREE SUBMARINES
ATTACKED THE GREAT OCEAN
DAPTIAN TURNER IS SILENT
Grieving For Loss of Ship He Only
Remarks, "It Is the Fortune of
War." Broken Down.
London.-Froi the reports that
reach here fromn many sources these
points seem to be established in re
gard to the sinking'of the Lu.itania:
No warning of the attack was
Several torpedoes were hurled
at the ship; some say four and
Two, or at most three of the
missiles struck the Lusitania.
One of the torpedoe:, entered
No. 1 stokehold and another the
Conflicting reports as to the
side struck suggest that nore
than one submarino may have
There was no panic on the ves
sel, the crew going coolly about
the work of preparing to save
Captain Turner promptly turn
ed the Lusitania toward shore.
The heavy list due to inrushing
water prevented the launching of
Some boats were swamped after
launching, the vessel being un
able to slow up because of sev
Many passengers, expecting res
cue by boats, put on no life.
belts, and perished.
Others on board, including
members of the crew, were wound
er or killed by the torpedoes.
The ship, sinking rapidly by
the head, went down with stern
In air ten or fifteen minuts after
she was struck.
Captain Turner, commander of the
Lusitania, one of the few officers sav
?d, has refused to make any formal
statement. He remained at his post on
:he bridge until the ship went down,
ind was rescued two hours later,
ivearing a life belt.
He was terribly broken down when
he landed at Queenstown, but his
drst remark as he went ashore was
>ne of quiet irony.
"Well," he said, "it is the fortune of
After a strong cup of tea and a
short rest he seemed to recover from
He displayed great grief over the
loss of his vessel, but expressed no
vpinion on the action of the Germans.
After renalning on the Lusitania R
bridge until the structure was sub
merged, Captain Turner climibed up a
ladder, as would a dive- from a tank.
When he reachedl the surface he
graspedl an oar and then a chair, Hie
clung to the (chair fot- neat-ly two
hours, and finally when the chair turn
ed over, he flung up a gold-braided
arm. This was seen by a membler o1
the crew in one of the boats, and thus
the commander was Raved.
Many passengers owvned theft- res
cute to life belts, which kept then
afloat until they were picked uip by
The scene as the big linet- sank be
neath the waves is describ~ed by the
survivor-s as heat--t-ndittg beyonc
Battlinig for life, the passenger.
aalled to relatives anid friends or had<
each other goodl-by3e.
The small boat~s which had got away
t'rom thte side of t-he liner- picked ur
a goodl many survivors, who, witi:
life belts or clinging to wreckage
were floating on the surface of th(
water. Blut soon the boats were al
crowdedl. These boats wvere in tutrr
picked up bly rescing steamers, conm
Ing at full s'peedl from shore poin11ts
b)ut in many cases four and mor-e hlourt
elapsed before tile r-esceners reachte(
the scene. In many cases the onh
work the r-escue wor-kers to (10 was t(
collect from the water the floatilng
bodies of the (lead. Several paissen
lers were tak~en aiboa rd trawlers se
anl ii-h in IuIred( Ihat t hey (lied befort
they could r-each shore-.
A conlsidierablle por-tion of thlos<
broughlt into Quteenstown werec mem
thers oIf the ('cw. Thes-e inIciluded( 'a p
'ain Turn'ter, with1 thle first and~ secon(
officers. All tihe (Ith 111-(ffleers are he'
Ileved to hav"e per-ish11ed. One huin d ret
'nd seventeen stewvards and stewardi
-ases of the shilp's comle 1m en t werd
Theore is no evidenc(e, hlowever, tia
the time hlonorad rule of tile sen
"womlen and cildren first."' was no
observed to thle last. Earnest ('owper
a Toronto newspaper muan, has Ilal
tribute to the discipline of the crow.
On Watch For The Raiders
Apparently, e very precaution ha<
been taken by tihe officers againls
a surp~rise attack bly a submarin(
Lookoutts were constantly on -'tile aler
as tihe gianit steamfship speeded t<
ward tile Irish Coast.
Tile lookoults sighlted the~ periscop)
of a itubmlarine a thlousandl~ yard
away, andl thle next instant t hey sa'
tihe trail left by a torpedo as it fianl
ed on its course. Thenl ca~me a te:
rific crashl as the inissile pierced th
liner's side, followed almost immned
ately by another which littered th
37 AMERICANS DEAD
New York. - The Cunard
S'teamship Company announc
ed the receipt of the following
cablegram from Liverpool:
"Queenstown advise total
number of survivors 764, Includ
ing 462 passengers and 302
"One hundred and forty-four
four bodies recovered, of which
87 Identified and 57 unidentified.
Identified bcdies comprise 65
passengers, 22 crew.
"Number of persons injured:
Thirty passengers and seven
decks With wreckage.
Officers of the ship are quoted
as saying that two other torpedoes
were fired, but miss(d the ship. An
other aceeilnt says ,even were shot
t t Lusita ia.
JUSTIFIED IN SINKING LINER.
Dr. Dernburg Says Lusitania Was
War Vessel.-"Aimericans Used
Cleveland.---Justifcation of the sink
ing of the liner Lusitania by German
submarines as a man of war was ad
vanced by Dr. Bernhard Dernburg,
fornier German Colonial Secretary and
regarded as the Kaiser's official
mouthpiece in the United States. Dr.
Dernburg gave out a statement at the
Hollenden Hotel following his arrival
in Cleveland to address the City Club
at noon on Germany's attitude in the
Because the Lusitania carried con
traband of war and also because she
was classed as an auxiliary cruiser
and was at the disposal of the Brit
Ish Admiralty, Germany had a right
to destroy her regardless of the pas
sengers, which included nearly 200
Americans, Dr. Dernburg said. Warn
ings given by the German Embassy
in public advertisement before the
sailing of the Lusitania, he added, to
gether with the note of Feb. 18, de
claring the existence of war zones,
relieved Germany from responsibillty
for the loss of the many Americans.
The blowing up of the American
tank liner Gulflight. carrying a cargo
of oil for France, also was character
ized as justifiable by Dr. Dernburg.
SAW DISASTER FROM SHORE.
Coastguardsman and Cork Farmer
Say Ship Sank In Eight Minutes.
Cork.--A coastguard who witnessed
the sinking of the ship. believe that
she sank within eight minutes.
Ills story Is confirmed by a Cork
farmer, who was working near Old
-ead Kinsale, when he heard shots,
and looking seaward saw a steamer
with her bows in the air. He sald
that hardly ten minutes later she
keeled over on her sidle andl sank.
A residlent of Ardfield estimatesq
that the ship was five mIles fr-oim
shore when lhe heard the (rash of the
t orpedlo as it lpiercedl her side. For
a moment she seemed to move slowv
ly straight ahead, then turned sud-.
denly and thlen stopped, her bow sInk
In g and1( the stern rising. Then she
keeled over and dIsappeared fromi
sigh t. Wit hina a few miniut es ten res
riue boatis haiid reached tihe spot. where
she went dlown.
GOV. DUNNE URGES CALMNESS.
Asks Citizens to Withhold Views and
Leave Wilson Unembarrassed.
Springfield, Ill.-G.overnmor Duinne is..
sued a formial signed statemient. u rg
lng calmness in the fac.e of the siniking
of the Lusitan Ia.
"American citizens generally, andl
particulharly those ini pmublic .oflne out
side of the office of thle secretary of
state, should not ini this grave crisis
forest all or emibarrass t he president
andi the depart ment of state by giving
ut terance to their personal views in
relation to this grave calamiity," says
It closes withi an expressioni of con
fi den ce in thle WIlson adin istrmation
and~ faith that it will "'avert the awful
enlamiity of war wi th honor and credit
to thle American re putIli."'
ROOT GRAVELY SILENT.
Ex-Senator Says He Feels That He
"Should Say Nothing
Albany, N. Y.--Ex-Senator Elhbu
I lloot, presidloni. of' the C onstitumt.ioa!u
. ('onivention. rocei vedl with evidlen
ceivern reports of the sinking of thc
bumsitaniam' indlicating that the number
of dead was much larger than early
news had indicated, He dlelIined tr
I comment or to give an opinion emi thc
,probable effect the loss of mnany
I American lives would have on the fun
ture relations between this countr3
* "'I feel that I should say nothing,'
t said Mr. Hloot gravely.
tMobs A tack German Shops.
I LIverpool. -- Attacks on Germal
shops which began some time ag<
were renewed as a result of fur;
.a aroused by the sinking of tihe Lus
y tania. Most of the rioters were wc
a men, manmy of them relatives to sal'
.ors of the C'unard Line.
e Several shcos were wereekedl and th
1contents Wiled in the streets an
FIND GERMAN OFFICERS AND
GOVERNMENT GUILTY OF
CAPTAIN TURNER IS WITNESS
Testifies, Describing the Catastrophe
and Saying He Could On.ly Obey
Orders Given Him.
Kinsale, Ireland.-Tho coroner's
jury investigating the deaths of flive
persons drowned when the Cunarder
Lusitania was supik by a German sub
marine off the coast of Ireland last
Friday, retuined a verdict here charg
ing "the officers of said submarine
and Government of Germany, under
whose orders they acted, with the
crime of wholesale murder before the
tribunal of the civilized world."
Captain Turner of the Lusitania was
the principal witness. Ile told the
Jury he did not see any submarines
eitiIr before or after his ship was tor
pedoed. le was on the bridge when
his vessel first was struck and im
mediately gave orders for the lower
ing of the boats and the placing of
the women and children in them.
Captain Turner said that after the
warnings at New York that the Lusi
tania would be torpedoed he did not
make any application to the Admir
alty for an escort. "It is their busi
ness, not imine. I simply had to carry
out my orders to go, and I would do
it again," declared the witness with
The verdict of the coroner's jury
"We find that the deceased met
death from prolonged immersion and
exhuastion in the sea eight miles
south-southwest of Old Ilead of Kin
sale, Friday, May 7, 1915, owing to
the sinking of the Lusitania by tor
pedoes fired by a German submarine.
"We find that this appalling crime
was committed contrary to interna
tional law and the conventions of all
"We also charge the officers of
said submarine and the Emperor and
Government of Germany, under whose
orders they acted, with the crime of
wholesale murder before the tribunal
of the civilized world.
"We desire to express sincere con
dolenco and symipathy with the rela
tives of the deceased the Cunard
Company and the United States,
many of whose citizens perished In
this murderous attack on an unarmed
GERMANY BLAMES ENGLAND.
Ambassador Expresses Degret to Am
erica.-Charging England With
Vashington.-While official Wash
ington waited for the word from Pres
ide~nt Wilson as to what is to be the
p~olicy of the United States in the
crisis resulting from the r~nking of
the Lusitanla. Count Bernstorff, the
G;erman A mbassador, called at the
State Departmlient and expressed to
Secretary liryan, his deep regret that
the events of the war had led to the
loss of so many A merican lives."
The Ammhiiassador (did not comment
on his visit, but Secretary Bryan, say
inag only t hat he understood the ex
pression to have come from Count
IHernst orff personally gave out the
f ol low Iing by aigrie'eent:
''The G7'ermaan Amiibassador' called at
the State D~epartment andl expressed
his deep regret that the events of the
wvar had ledl to the loss of so many
150 Babies Perished.
L ondon.-The illustrated Sunday
H~erald of Cork says thiarn was on tho
Lusitania fifty halies who were less
than twelve months old and more than
one hundred ot hers whose ages did
not reach two years. They all have
U-39 Sunk Lusitania.
L ondon.,--A Central News dispatch
fronm (Geona says a telegram received
here from Muniich deoclares it 'was the
Germnan submarine U-39 that sunk the
* iusit an ia.
List of Identified Dead.
New York.-Itclatives and friends
of passengers missing from the list
of Lu'sitansia survivors again besieged
the ('unardl offices. Some ware reward
ed when the companjy postedl a r'evis
ed list of survivor's and the hopes of
ot hers were (lashed wvhen another list
wvas postedl containing the names of
ident ified deadl.
While hope was not entirely ab~an
dlonedl that more survivors might bet
reportedl, line officials feared the toll
of dead wouIld not materially b~e re
du(ced below present figures.
A list of identified deadl given out
Mrs. 0. WV. Stephens, Montreal;
('harles I'. Paynter, Liverpool (previ
ously rep~ortedl among surivivors);
Mrs. A. de Page, Newv York; B. King
(T. C. King) ; Frank 0. Naumann,
New York ; Robert WV. Crooks, Toronto
(previously reported among surviv
ors); Mrs. Browvn (Mrs. M. C. Brown).
Mr's. F. King; R1ev. .James A. Beat
tie; William R. Bushvine; F". C. Tyers;
Michael Foley (A. R. Foley);- 3. R1.
Silmann (Yohn' II Cpiniafl)