Newspaper Page Text
Extraordinary Precautions Are
Taken to Guard, Against
BIG TOWN A SERIOUS PLACE
No Englishman Underestimates the
Task Ahead of Him-Ingenuity
Taxed to Draw Men to Re
ee., cruiting Offices.
By EDWARD B. CLARK.
(Staff Correspondent Western Newspaper
London.-When you look drowsily
from your pillow out of your bedroom
window it the sky over London and
see some fleeting cloud suddenly
picked out shiningly you know that
the searchlights which are the sin
tries of this big city are on duty. Lon.
don expects a visit from the Zeppelins
and vigilance is in no wise relaxed.
The old words of the hymn, "Watch
man, What of the Night?" constantly
recur to one who walks the gloom
London at night, however, Is not
wholly dark. Today, or should one
say tonight, there is one light where
once there were ten, but the one suf.
flces to allow the stroller to pick his
way and to avoid the street corner pit
falls. There are guns still pointing
skyward from many a London roof.
They are harmless looking weapons
from the viewpoint of the street, but
they are of long range and are said
Ito be of deadly precision.
, Thus far, or at any rate up to the
time of this writing, London has been
immune from the attacks of aircraft.
What may befall some night no one
Xnows. The signs of warning are still
,posted along the streets. The city
ldwellers are told not only to beware
of the bombs of an enemy but of the
falling fragments of the shells of the
home guns exploding in the pathways
of the aeronaut invaders.
Humorous Side of It.
There is a somewhat humorous fea
ture about one type of the displayed
poster of warning and instruction.
One great sheet has on it in black sil
houettes the types of the alien air.
ships and those of the home land. The
people are asked to study them and to
learn the differences. A man might
,as well try to commit to memory the
1whole table of logarithms froni minus
Inflnity to plus infinity as to fix in his
mind the trifling variations in con
struction and contour of the airship
of the enemy and of the airship of
the friend. When night has fallen the
task of differentiation would be mul
tiplied until learning the Bible back.
wards, with Shakespeare, Moliere and
the dictionary of all the languages of
the world thrown in, would be a job of
comparatively easy accomplishment.
London is not so full of marching
troops as once it was. The volunteers
-go quickly to the training camps. The
enlistment efforts are as energetic as
they have been at any time in the
past, but, of course, as the material,
or at any rate the willing material, is
used up, the recruits diminish in num
ber, at least such seems to be the case
in this big city where, in certain parts
at least, one seldom meets an able
bodied man of soldier age.
English ingenuity has been taxed to
get newv and striking word allurements
to draw men to the recruiting ofmces.
One recruiting poster which was sup
posed to be a paragon of strength
either has been torn down or bhqa been
covered up in nearly all instances. It
was an appeal in these words: "Give
your strong right arm to your coun
try." Above the words was the pic
ture of a strong right arm, but, unhap
pily, the arm was detached from the
shoulder, and the significance of the
thing was 'such that the military au
thorities had a second thought and
withdrew the amputated arm fronm the
service for which it was intended.
London a Serious Place.
This big town is a serious place.
Stio Englishman underestimates appar
~ty the task which is ahead of him.
* ~~cial said to me that a belittling
~O ~ s strep tf. was the
slon is giveon to it, that whichever side
wins in this fight will'know that it has.
been in a fight. The German does not
belittle the fighting qualities "of the
Englishman, nor does the Englishman
say one word in depreciation, of the
prowess of the German.
London is a queer place in some
ways thege days, bUt no queerer prob
ably than New York or Chicago would
be in circumstances akin to those ex
isting here. The Englishman is great
for freedom of speech and this is wihy,
probably, that men are allowed to
speak publicly in Hyde Park and Re
gent's park against war, and so
strongly in favor of immediate peace
without much regard to terms that it
would seem to the stranger and the
pilgrim that the utterances from the
point of view of authority would be
Side by side in the parks with the
peace pleaders are the recruit plead
ers, who extol the glories of the em
pire, the righteousness of the war and
the necessity for filling up the ranks
at the front as fast as they are de.
I attended morning service on East
er day in St. Paul's cathedral. The
words of the ante-communion service
barely had been intoned before a
voice, high pitched, rose from the cen
ter of the great edifice interrupting the
service and directing the attention of
the praying congregation to an anti
war meating which was to be held in
Hyde park that afternoon. The dean
had left the altar to go to the pulpit.
He paid no attention to the voice that
was raised in the midst of the thou
sands of people in the ediflce.
Two soldiers among the worshipers
sprang at the man who had interrupt
ed the service, but, quick as they
were, two vergers, or sextons as we
call them in America, were quicker
and had the intruder by the collar and
the slack of his trousers and were
making him walk in the so-called
Spanish fashion toward the nearest
entrance. This incident was consid
ered hardly strange or interesting
enough for comment by the London
newspapers, for they gave it only one
line mention, and yet such a thing in
the United States would probably have
been given a column.
Has Big Home Guard.
England has a big home guard and
London has its share of it. The vol
unteers in its ranks are men still fit
for comparatively active service, but
unfitted by the advance of years or
by some slight physical ailment to un
dertake the hardships incident to cam
paigning at the .front.
It is interesting to see these men at
their work in the field. They go after
business hours to the outlying parks,
where they are instructed and drilled
by veteran regulars who have learned
their lessons in foreign fields. The
boy of seventeen or eighteen, just un
der the age for active service, drills
side by side with the man of forty
five, at whose time of life the heyday
in the soldier blood is supposed to be
in the Making.
tame. London, and all England for
that matter, has made its preparation
for defense from invasion, whether
the invader comes through the air or
over the sea. Invasion by actual
armed bodies of men is not looked
upon here as a probability, but I have
heard it spoken of an possible by a
man in public speech within twenty
England is still wrathful over the
submarine attacks on its merchant
marine. The recent sinking of a pas
senger ship, the Falaba, has maddened
men here. To a considerable extent
at this time of writing the land opera
tions and the possible shadowing of
this town by the wings of a hostile
war bird have been forgotten in the
excitement and resentment because
of the activities in the channel and
the Irish sea of the under-the-water
boats of the Germans.
It seems to be recognized by English
men that the hunting down of the sub
marines is about the hardest job that
was ever given man to accomplish.
Someone has said th~it submarine
hunting ought to be no more difficult
than whaling, but the man who has the
task in hand knows that when a whale
comes to the surface it has to stay
there a certain length of time in order
to spout, while a submarine needs only
to poke its periscope above the water
long enough to admit of one fleeting
look at the surface of the sea and
then to go down and to stay there
seemingly for keeps.
English Training Camp.
I have been allowed to see one of
the big English training camps of
volunteers. The camp is at Aldershot,
where for years the English govern
ment has maintained a military post.
The troops at Aldershot, officers and
nien, are tAhnat .etitirely composed of
volunteers. They are young men
from school, the government depart.
-nents, the shop, the farm and the fac
tory. Thus far England has main
talined its strict standard of military
requirements from the stanlpoint of
the stamina and general physique. of
the men allowed to enter the ranks.
So it is that at Aldershot the thousands
undergoing training are sturdy youths
capable of enduring the hardships of
the soldier's life in field and in bat
Daily one hears discussed the ques
tion as to whether or not before this
war is over this country must resort
to conscription. There are men who
are holding back from enlistment who
think that the foe can be overcome
without their aid. The men who so
think apparently are disdainful of the
desire of the authorities that nothing
shall be said or thought which shall
tend to belittle the strength of the
enemy. The average Englishman
Edward B. Clark.
tells the American willingly that the
Germans are a great people and that
as yet the Germans have not exhibited
their full military strength on either
front of battle. The Englishman who
goes out to fight or who would go if
some physical disqualification or age
did. not prevent him from going, has
little use for his brother man who,
able to fight, rests at home on the
feather bed, feeling that his services
will not be needed.
Making of Officers.
They are training officers at Alder
shot as they are training enlisted men.
For the most part it seemed to me that
the officers had been given, some pre
liminary training either in what we
Americans call school brigades or in
some of the organizations semimili
tary in nature which England, like
other countries, has in numbers. The
young officers work from reveille tW
taps every day at their task of learn
ing. Anyone of the veteran noncom
missioned officers now serving as drill
masters knows more of camp cam
paigning and battle matters than any
of the commissioned ones under tutel
age. But these youngsters wearing
the insignia of rank for the first time
seemingly are much in earnest. rThey
have a lot to learn, but they are try.
ing to learn it quickly, for Englishmen
seem to know the dire need of trying
to combine thoroughness with haste
in the present time of danger.
The women of England, like the
women of Germany, France and Aus
tria, are working as hard in their own
wvay as are the men. There is no line
of endeavor outside that of the actual
bearing of firearms which the women
of England are not following. The
boys work and the girls work, and
their aid, it is said here, has buil
warked the general strength of the
nation. It always has been inconceiv
able to an American boy why the av
erage Englishman has looked upon
woman as just a little bit his inferior.
The American learned long ago that
woman was man's superior, certainly
in moral courage and very likely,
when the pinch comes, in physical
courage. I have heard it said in Lon
don that this war is bound to change
the view that the Englishman for ccen
turies has taken of the Englishwoman
and, for that matter, of the woman
of every other nation on earth.
FOUND AFTER LONG SEARCH
After Inheritance Went to Sea and
Stayed Longer Than
San F'rancisco.-George Storah is a
man of many travels and adventures
and also many troubles. His chief
trouble is keeping track of his family.
Just twelve years ago he was found
in San Francisco, after a nation-wide
search, employed as a feeder of pigs
by Chester Edwards. The boy had
come suddenly into an inheritance and
was restored to his family. Then ho
went to sea in a German tramp and
again lost his relatives,
Now he has written from Blridlge
port, Conn., asking the Call and Post
to help him find his sister, Mrs. Rloyal
Gardner, whom he last heard from in
Fruitvale. "I went to sea," he writes,
"n a German ship and stayed longer
than I had planned, and now I can't
find my relatives."
He Never Gave Her "1 Cent."
Vincennes, Ind.-Alleging that her
.husband never even gave her as much
as "one cent" since their marriage in
1907, Mrs. Nannie Hobbs has brought
suit in the Knox circuit court for di
vorce from Peter Hobbs. Mrs. Hobbs
is said to be wealthy, Bo0th partues
are well knowun.
NOTE OF WARNING
THE- FARMERS' ORGANIZATIONS
SHOULD BE OPEN TO RE
SREAKS TO A GREAT CROWD
Chief Executive Tells Planters to Be
ware of Secrets-Cites Former
Leesville.-A warning against the
reportal secret organization of farm
ers and an admonition for the farmers
to organize "in the open like ien"
was sounded by Gov. Richard 1. Man
ning in his speech at the opening of
the chautauqua in Leesville. The gov
ernor heartily believes in organization
and co-ope'ration among the farmers,
but wants such organizations in the
open and above board. He cited the
experience of the farmers of this state
in the past with secret organizations
and the danger of such organization
being used for the political prefer
ment and advancement of certain men
or man which meant the death of the
"I know nothing of such organiza
tion and nothing of its purpose, but I
want to warn you against. it," said the
governor, recalling the times in the
past when the farmers' organizations
have been "killed" by certain men
"riding into office" on the backs of
the farmers and the farmers gaining
nothing for themselves. Gov. Man
ning urged the farmers to organize
and co-operate alnog lines which would
benefit them, in the purchase of sup
plies, in -the marketing of their pro
ducts and in the advancement and
improvement along agricultural and
other lines, but to fight shy of "secret"
organizations which, he indicated, usu
ally meant that somebody was build
ing a machine with the hope of getting
an office and who really cared nothing
for the welfare of the farmers.
Introduced by Former Senator D.
M. Crosson as the "man who does
things," Gov. Manning was received
with cheers. His entrance into the
school house, where the speaking took
place, was greeted with applause, and
he frequently had to suspend his
speech for the cheering to subside.
The people of Leesvile gave their gov
ernor a whole-hearted reception and
showed plainly their appreciation of
his visit and their thorough enjoyment
of his speech.
Baptists Will Meet at Greenville
Greenv-ille.-Greenville will be the
mecca for Baptists of this state dur
Ing tihe summer assembly -of Sunday
school workers which will be held
here July 11 to 16 inclusive. Ar
rangements are being made for 500
delegates, many of whom will be cared
for in the dormitory at Furman uni
versilty. Others will be quartered In
priv-ate homes, boarding htoutses and
hotels of -the city. A local c'ommittee
has tihis phase of the assembly in
charge, and wi-ll make arrangements
for entertiainment on a plan which
will be as economteal as practicable.
In case this asserpbly is a success,
as dt is certain to be, and in ense the
delegate's are pleased with the treat
ment nccorded them 'in Greenville, a
similar assembly will' he held here
each summer. The sessions will be
held at Furman University.
Accidental Blow Kills Baby.
Spartanhurg.-The rounad smooth
handle of a small whip which William
Johnson, Jr.. a farmetr residing on th~e
farm of 13. M. Anderson near Redvil-le,
wielded in administersing a chastise
:nent to his 10-year-old son slipped
reom his hand and going like an arrow
penetrated the skull of his infant chtild
nestling in the arms of its mother,
who stood near the doer of the room,
killing it instantly. The astonished
mother screamed, "WVill, you have kill
ed our baby!" and drawing the stic
from the chtild's brain saw that the
wound had proved fatal. When John
son saw what had happened he faint
ed and remained utnconsc-ious until
rev'ivedl by neighbors. The accident
is one of the most singular in the an
nala of the county,
Aged Veteran DIes.
Greenville-Dr. Hugh Rt. Rutledge,
aged 92 years, a veteran of the Mex
ican wl-ar' and a descendent of some
of the most famouts men South Car
olina over .produced, died here w'ith
fpn'eumonia. He was a 'grandson of
John Rutledg% once governor oft
South Carolina, a member of the (on
tinential congress, arid in. 1795 ap.
pointed by Pres'ident Washington as
ch'ief justice of the supreme court of
the United States. At the time of this
appointment John Rutledge was chief
justice for South Carolina,
Gymnasium For Winthrop
Rlock H'ill--D. Di. Johnson, preie
dent of Wiuthrop college said that the
contract for the construction of tthe
new gymniasium would 'be awarded
at an e..rly date, The college will
spend $80,000 on 'the new building.
Dr. Johnson conferred witht D. W.
McLauin, a member of the board of
trusteEs. The president suad that there
were 140 members of the class to
graduate in June end that 809 stud
en'ts were enrolled this year, whtich 4a
the largest in the bistory of the ost.
k ALCOIOL-3 PER CENT
A~egetable Preparation forAs.
simitating the Food andRegula
ing the Stomachs and Bowels or
q Progotes Digestion,Cheerful
a ness andRest.Contains neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral
4.A perfect Remedy for Cons-ipa
0) tion , Sour Stomach,Diarrhdea,
1 ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
fac Simile Signature of
THE CENTAUR COMPANi,
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
A Proper Name.
In the Boston Herald appears the
following brief anecdote of the late
Mrs. Charles D. Hoinans, whose life
was made noteworthy by friendships
with such. men as Dickens, Thackeray,
and Hawthorne, and whose keen wit
and broad culture won for her no lit
Her son, a well-known Boston physi
clan, had bought a new horse to use
in visiting his patients, and he asked
his mother what she would suggest
for a name.
"Roland," she said promptly.
"Why?" he asked in surprise.
"Isn't he going to carry the good
news to Aix?" was Mrs. Homan's re
First Tommy-What's that they're
bringing out of that church?
Second Ditto-It's one of the Rubens
pictures they're saving. They say
this one is his hors d'ouvre!-London
Mr. Haberdash (preparing an after
dinner speech)-Emily, who was it
said: "Give me liberty, or give me
Mrs. Haberdash-Harry Thaw!
"TIhat Inst criminal case in court
"Exactly; it was a trai1n robbery."
Skilled-as few other
appreciate the delight
Corn-prepared in vw
-has ever been a fa
In making Post To
Corn Flakes - the c
kernels of selected v
processed into a won,
noon or night.
Toasties come FRESH-SE
Skilful cooks apprecia
For Infants aind Child en.
Wothers Know That
THR 06NTAUN 0SMPAWV. "9W YORK 6SW.
I see niany women serve at the
front disguised as soldiers, without be
"Seems strange, too."
"Yes; I've seen many women dis
guised as soldiers in comic operas, bul
never a one that I couldn't detect."-,
"Are you going to take boarders
"No," replied Farmer Corntossel.
"Food's too valuable to be fed to city
folks. I'm goin' to hire a doctor and
turn the place into a sanatorium an'
get customers that won't eat nothin'
much except nedicine."
"Willie, did you see my new shaving
"Yep! niom is using it to repaint
the bird eage."-Coluibia Jester.
"Did -the doctor reduce the swell.
"No; lie put it In the bill."
An Essential Particular.
Knicker-Smith can tell the date
of the end of the war.
You can niever' tell how successful
a man has been by the advice that he
-i th okigat
vorite Southern food.
asties- the Superior
-ioicest portions of the
rhite Indian Corn are
lerfully crisp and tasty
.ALED, triply protected in
packages--ready to serve.
Sold by Grocee eve ywhere.