Newspaper Page Text
EFFOBT TO FEED
CARRANZA IS PREPARING TO
SEND FOODSTUFF FROM
MUST FEED CAPITAL CITY
United States Will Take Hand in
Work if Mexicans Can't Do It
W-ashington. -Announce-ment of thw
reoccupation of AMlxico Cit by in
(ral Gonlzales' arnoy wats followe d
at statmneni . roinl t nelt- :4I ('rr /.
head(iuarttrs at \'er;a C"ruz that in.
liledilate et~ot s woud hwinde toi I
54en(d foodstuff's by rail to the stari
people of the capital. T11- slat i d -
partilillt had ni, dl('t advices as o
the Situation ill Nfxiv-o ( it1.
llvavily uarte-d train,', it was ri.
portf'd(. wver bein' 1 pr111pared o14) Iave
Vera ('ruz wvith proivisionls to .11pplic
Inlent food bin takln into tHw city
byl (the art-ny vf occupatlion. Ib-open-.11
ing of the rail road line will furnisht
liln imlportan t t-4 t for the effctie
Iless of mililary operations of' Car
ra'lm.s forces to proteict nicals of
trian rtat:i on tr)oi the ( a , coast to
tll- vapital. o4 1l i s here beieve.!
Much deln4Ilds. they say. upo1n lIe
Su11cce S. o f this itntd "rt1a k iin : ) , . h -au :t
tih(e I IiId SIit !4 o v :-t1114 111 is (I-.
Itilt d to r11 bv the 1 ~ nn vn
MIXico ( ity it t'a lranza's 10)rov.l s l ltm
not do it.
Ilufonton o f lira pluj!
I) lu a w 1 :li m l 4 ' 1. . \ ; 11n1. : I 11!
innilater ~ \V el Irw n r' u .n
I 1.9il k 'l ; 1 1'4! ;4 , 1 1 1 l -
FRENCH MARINES LANDED.'
Quiet Now Prevails in Haiti.-Wash.
ington Does Not Object.
W\;shilgo.- l-'riich tIltline's havy
hit-il f hi d d tl rt au. l' il', lla ii
yovt-rie t. and nelcessitated 11he
Ilinding (it' '111 expilitonlatyfre
froin tIe' V' 1ited States (I11iser
Washingto to rI'stort order. Thi
handiti.r of tht(' Fren-lch wait.,on
114-t of the ' I ted141 States. It was
14ated detachinent5 . frot theruier
_1eisviartes hatvint' h 'olie t to guard
th i'( Frviwhi .41gatioll fro whh'h
Pr(sidnit (ctillnltned 0 was akell by a
11 01 and assassi1ated.
A rs'ti'eq t Cor, j guard of Fxrensh
In'arinsli' w I leslentd by (Ithe lgarnh
Afliister at l'ort all l1'riin e and cabled
to Washing, t1on by Ie ar Admiral Cap
ertonl in 1 114c1id of the1 American
expleditiointry force. The message
aidt 1()( 1'reinch ninister had express
ed ai ugent desire that his legation
hels''vl lltre(i(1t4 by G-rnhsior nors
(uif theaioi 14art hei rrie anna
Port au'11' Pri11 BoTon Augstr4 thoght
aICls tha to herohgrard anound
abl' tio' lihteyn thecbren on themira
(Caper''t'on mento som e extetin
1~ihavison, e W si-Theinatina der
fenl oil the dicusise yverorsil
oflt eteau states pripati theirana
acc(torn t tihe proa for unced
tbyL M.z o. tiley Nectiary ofuthrgov
ror Conrnc.-1nTheO5o teen
iolt haten Fiearsinofanpy wre
ent oldthe aid to seal badju
tags geanedandl daticgt fro Maye
lastuso ofe tion pas folintcrysing
the part of the N ailyuad
Cotone Rect ns.
Galrtod, Conn.--Employ)1 ees ofte
ort Paten F4irearmseasomny werellv~
Lnomdtao Sa borts Won.21- e
cetwould beo paidto a W.ll, bsd on'
wiane eared and~l~('1 dain( lied May
Labor. ThNation wasie vountary on11
~'th ns par oit of the pany. a~
Cilsrtottonl Revtipats.oi ef
ploadvetonee Te.-Colttn ou r cit
he for 1914-1915 earCs amounted
tod 4,0e,22hes o th lrest ever
recorded here.ie Tthe eous ecord
Luan uporets Wisn.
Washigton.-vAtea twn~on-dayse ses.
abor'ds NagoonlPac ou nc'ile and
wompk e wit theprbesenativo s of or-0tt
ganhed arers and mlabr bodpies
anod mei lding the on-rqur
vlentos, rathr ta orh atio ad-'ii
ntation efoverycoe atrios er
apniburgfng tht fairyean to rem.
the curopean hig arp. Coe tillbe
sen to Peuient Wsoderahe; caint
ad mmernc s of coinmreds. AverI'
:Wlam anetreie aence oveton.~
WARSAW HAS BEEN STRIPPED
OF EVERYTHING OF MATER
TRYING TO BOTTLE RUSSIANS
A Retreat Will Not Be Possible if
Operations of Austro-Germans
Meet With Success.
1)11 odon. ---The arties of the Teu
tonlic Allies have made appreciable
progr.es in their earnpilltgnl to capture,
arsa'w 11(1 drive the lissiats from
P'oland or captaire the, according to
the latest oflicial coI1ilemunication is
Sued by. tlh (erman War ()fice.
llI tle admittedly important striate
pic seclor. of Chelml-I.u1binl Pield Mar
shal van MIackensen is deelared to
have iper ced the Plusshail posit ions
and teal-ied the (Chehnit-Lubin Rail
wa y. lakthing uiany1 I thousands of pris.
oner~s dur11ing 0he iluovemelnt, In ad.
ditiot, it is assert-d that the Rlissiani
front betwe-ni the Vist Ila and the
ti;- has bleein 41atI by the attacis
of, the Austro-tierinlan: and that the
luseov its havqe tvacuiated their po
sitiois along the tire line while
(10-nelt-,1 von) \\oyrsh has; froved at
1at um. - of IlI. \'itula to the soluth of
Warsaw anid is law engaging the
(i In thi I i ri It baitk of the
' hotl:: 1rn theat r Ilerlin
!', I 11h t th li N sianis a re now re
. : ' [ T (Ins only to t he north
which lies on Ihe west
b. 1 ih4 Iiu sorne .50 miles south
1 .-f .1lini .
'T11 t4iaartiies to the north of
W. :w se-min ,ldy ate imarking time.
) libly Wili tlit- inieiltion of allow
11nK t!-Ahteter eu to the South
niil S h east to bring their lines far
tr iortl ill the laocess of emmliaesil
Ing ItI l'olish Capital before Field
Niarslil von ll inldenhurg agailn takes
ulp vigorously his drive South and
Foin-aoit ward to effect. i junction
with and bring to i climax the Polish
(arillaigil. The situation in the
north, afteordlng to Berlin, is at pres
DECKER MEETS DEATH BOLDLY.
Walked Composedly to Electric Chair
Murmering a Prayer.
Sing Sing Prison, Ossining, N. Y.
Charles Becker was put to death in
the electric chair here for the killing
of Herman Rosenthal, the New York
gambler. The former New York
police lieutenant retained his com
posure and protested his innocence
to the last. He went to his death
with a photograph of his wife pinned
on his shirt over his heart. Three
shocks were given before the prison
paysicians pronounced Becker dead
at i:55i o'clock.
Becker led the way to his own exe
cution. The condemned man sat up
all night on the edge of his cot, calm
ly talking to Deputy 'Warden Chlarles
"I have got to face it," said Becker
"And I am going to meet it quietly
and without trouble to any one."
Two Bluejackets Are Killed.
Washingtonl.-Two American blue
jackets w;ere killed in an attack b3
natives on Port au Prince,,Haiti. helt
by Rear Admiral C'aperton with 410(
men from the cruiser Washington
The attacking party was heaten oft
without having appiroachied close,
than the outskirts of Ithe city and
order wa'is mintained In the city it
self. No sailor's were wounded andl
the loss of I th at tacking forces was
not reportled. The dlead:
WIll iti tomonpeis, seamtion of Brook.
(Cason R. Whitehurist, ordinary sea,
mlanI, (of Norfolk, V a.
Rlinforcementil s hadl beeni orde red
toC hi atI bcefore word of the 1bfihtn
was ri(ivedI. The1 bat tleshlp Cont
nlectienit hlas sailed fromt ilhiladelhiin
wvith at re'gimient of miarines. numeri
lng 5001 mna. The Navy Iranaspori
Hianicock, now bieling overhle ild a I
PhiladelphIa, atlso) will go to Iliaiti. i1
is sati d, althlough it is nlot know n whIal
force she will carry.
England May , Buy Cotton.
London(11.- -WhatIeve r act ion Ite lit
ih Government takes with regardi te
ent toin whetheri it merely be kel)
out of German~hy or dleclatredI (ontria
band1(. The Spiectator inl an1 edlitoriat
artIicle expre-sses the opinlion thatt tht
Southerni cotton growers of the Unit
ed States shiouild be recompensetd
"Tlhe pressure," this newsp~aper goec
on to say, "which tihe eniormnous cot
toit indultstry of the democrat Ic soti
can brinig to bear on the dlemocratIii
presidlent, Is indeed the crux of the
Difficult Demands By England.
WVashlingtonl.--Conlsul General Skin
ner att Londonl notified~ theC stalte (IC
par-tmlent of a new Brtiti1sh reguhliti
requiring masters and( sailors Oil neut
tral ships visiting British ports t<
be provided withl passports or idlenti
Ii(ention papers and to preVsent suel~
papers for tregistry if remlainling mor0<
than 24 hlours In British wvaters. 2
large- proportion of thle cr-ews o
American ships are neitheor nativ'
Amnericails nocr natutralize'd American
and cannot receive passports fr-on
the UJnited States.
PROTECT AMERICAN L.IVES
REAR ADMIRAL CAPERTON AND
MARINES ARE LANDED AT
Sailors Will Remain Until There Is
Promise of Permanent Peace in
Washinllton. - American marines
were lan(ed at Port au Prince, Haiti
to protect the lives 1111d property of
A inericans and other foreigners. Rear
Adli-ir al Ca perton a(Ivised the navy
(epartiCnt thatl he had sent a forc
ishore from the cruiser' Washington
lear Admiral Bemon, acting secre
tary of the navy, declined to make the
Iinessage public, but said:
"Admiral Caperton now ias th
situation in hand."
There was no firing at the marines
although disorder continued in th
city. It was assumed a guard ha(
been established at the French Lega
tion and at other points to protec
Admiral Caperton has 400 marines
but this number is too small to permi
a general patrol of the city. A mor
complete report is expected from hin
in a few days. Should it be deeme
necessary additional marines will b
sent from'Guantanamo. A full reg
ment would be necessary to police th
city, it is said.
The first step by the United State
to re-establish peace in the Haitie
Republic was taken with the orde
While officials would not indicate th
nature of their plans, the general b(
lief was that the marines w(41d no
be withdrawn until there was pronis
of permanent peace throughout th
BECKER LOSES BRAVE BATTLE.
Justice Ford Refuses to Grant Him
New York.-Justice Forud of the Si
preme Court denied a nrew; trailt
Charles Becker, the former polic
lientenan t under sentence of death fc
instigating the murder of H erma
Rosenthal, the gambler.
Justice Ford announcedl his decisio
after lhe hadl labored for several day
andl nights on the briefs submitted fc
and1( aga Inst the application for a ne
trial, Hie called the waiting new;
pa per men in to h ir chambers, andl, r
- his secretary handed theam copies
his ty'pewitten ('eision, the Justic
"I ha-ve denied the motion for
new tiacl. And this is my birthda:
I'm 5,3 today.' it's a pretty tough wa
to spendl your birthday, isn't it?
"'I virtunally arrivedl at my dlecisia
Tuesday nmight, but spment many hour
sinc'e then ph rasing and arranging th'
Tlhen the Justice chatted for severn
mminutes on the law involved in thi
calse. Only newspaper meon, his sei
. etary anmd a brother, AMichael For<
andl a clerk, were present. Nonec
lI eekerc's counasel was there.
\lris. lekerk(i was saidl at that ver
inlirenmt to) be visit ig hem' doomle
huisbsand in Sing Sing.
Success of Submarines.
Amust erdam, via London.-Ger'mal
subminesi' i ', accuordinrg toC a t elegrari
from Bli'In hiad sunmmk in the war zon,
up to the 25thm or July 229 EnglIs1
vessels. 30 Otheri hostile ships, and si:
neutral craft. The hattecr, the mei
sage says, were sent to the bottom b;
-British Steamer Sunk.
J Londonmi.-Tihe British steamer Mar
gara. of Glasgow, hound from ltilb~a
I for liafrtlpooh, has bieen t orpedoca
'i and sunk by a Gernman submarine neam
' lowestoft. 10ight members or he
crmew were safvedl.
Will Demand Damage.
Washington-With the receipt of
- -racetically ('omplete report of thle to:
pedioing of the American steamer Let
-lanaw by a German subhmarine, stat
ulepartment officials flegan the pirept
-rat ion of a note to Germany request in
the' payment of damages on the groun
that the Prussian-American treaty c
1SPS had been violated. A rep~ort froi
Ammeican Consul Dennison at Dundeo
Scotland, aid the captain of the L~e
laaw attempted to escape, but sul
mitted to visit and search after warr
ing sotsi were fired.
CRS VAR ST AS
10 FIX BLAME[ fOR WR[CK
TESTIMONY OF THE SHIPS OFFI
CERS VARY AS TO CAUSE
Harbor Master Says That Steamer
Should Not Have Been Permitted
to Carry Over 1,200 Persons.
Chicago. - Overloading, under-bal.
lasting and grounding on the river hot.
ton were cited in the testimony at thc
coroner's inquest as the reasons why
the Eastland toppled over at its wharf
here and drowned hundreds of excur
sionists. Adam F. Weckler, harbor
master, and Joseph R1. Lynn, assistant
harbor master, both of whoml werc
present when the steamer capsized
with its licensed capacity of 2,50(
persons aboard, In ascribing the acci
dent to these causes, told the coro
tner's Jury that the boat was "cranky'
and should never havo been permitted
by government inspectors to carry
more than 1,200 persons.
While the coroner's jury was hear
ing this and other testimony, Secre
t tary of Commerce Itedlield inspected
the Eastland and watched divers
' combing the wreck and surrounding
waters, recover three more bodies. II
s stated formally that government su
pervision had not been lax and thal
e the Eastland had safely carried
many more passengers than were
s aboard when she rolled over. le said
that Federal officers would do every
thing possible to fix the blame, if ther<
0 was any.
IHnrbor Master Wreckler testified
t that he arrived at the Eastland's
wharf 20 minutes before the steamer
was due to start and saw that the
boat was lihsting to port. I-e said he
called to Captain Pederson of the
Eastland to trim the vessel, shouting
that he would not open the Clark
a street bridge until the boat was right
ed. Mr. Lynn, assistant harbor mas
1ter, testified that when he sawv thc
0 dangerous list of the ship he called thie
e police and fire departments. Return.
T' ing to the wharf, he sawv passengers
nl leaping from the (lecks to the river.
"I helieve," said Mr. Lynn, "thai
n the ship was on the bottom aft o1
s midship. If the captain tried for 11~
r minutes to right the boat without at
Vtempting to get. off those on board
there. was negligence."
s Mr. Lynn said that he saw many a
the crew leasp on the wharf while th<
eship was careening.
Capt. John H. O'Meara of the tus
a Kenosha, which wvas to tow the East
~land out of t~he river, testified he hai
ytowed the Eastland four times an<
she always listed.
e DEATH DEALT TO 160.
cI RevolutIonary Movement in Port At
e Prince Results in Casualties.
Port au Prince, Hlaiti.--General Os
.car, governor of Port aut Prince and l
fsupporter of President (Guillaume cans
ed to be ('xecutedl at the quthbreak o
y the revolutionary movemen't in thll
d city all the political prisoners In t~h
hands of the government, to the num
her of about 160 men.
The victims of this massacre in
cluded General Orestes Zamar, a form
er presidlent of Haiti, who was driver
out of th e country last year, and re
turned in March, 1916, and was taker
When the people of Port aut Princ4
learned of this massacre there was
general outbreak of indignation.
mob) invaded the dlominican legation
-where General Oscar took refuge aftei
a his unsuccessful defense of the presi
:1 dont's palace against the rebels, seizet
r Oscar and dragged him before th(
r door of the legation where he wa~
Italy Issues Contraband LIst,
a Watshington.--The Italian contrbpin
.list nad royal decree governing ltaly'c
.attitude toward neutral shipping reach
e ed thre state department, the lisi
.' showing close conformity to that oi
Sthe British government, Modifleationr
i of the rules outlined in the Declara
,f tion of London also follow those made
a by Great Britain and include hte provi
~, sion that goods shipped to neutra
y. countries must be consigned to an indi
y. vidlual and not merery to order." Th<
~. decree authorizes blockades of neutra
WILL PUT END TO
URGENT DEMANDS THAT FOOD
BE ALLOWED TO REACH
SOME DEFINATE ACTION SOON
American Flag Torn From an Auto.
mobile in Which an American
Washington. - Urgent representa
tions demanding in the name of hu
manit that food be permitted to reach
the starving people of Mexico City,
were sent *by the state department to
Generals Carranza, Villa and Zapata.
The notes declare avenues of trans
portation to Alexico City must be
opened to provision trains and kept
Although the text of the represen
tations was not made public, it is
known that the document is a forerun
ner of more definite action, soon to be
taken in the form of a final demand
that the Mexican factions end their
strife and establish a constitutional
government by means of a joint con
Officials believe General Carranza
at Vera Cruz i. in a position to keep
the railroad to Mexico City from
Vera Cruz open for transportation of
food beyond Pachuca at least, and
that either he or Zapata in co-opera
tion with Villa can control the line
beyond that point.
Official reports from Mexico City
said there was actual starvation thero
and that vonditions generally were
worse than ever. People of all classe'
are suffering for food although there
I is oney in plenty to purchase, it..
A inessage fron Vera Cruz detail
ing an assault upon anl A merian cit -
zen near Piebla an(d violations of the
Amierlean flag by Zapata soldiers a
few days ago, served to further arouse
offieials here to hte extreme gravity
of the situlation.
Near P'uel)la the imtomomhile was
stopped by a companyv of Zapata sol
diers. The occipants were pulled out
and the American flag torn from its
staff and trampled upon by the sol
diers who took Mallory and his com
pnlnions before a Zapata officer. They
were searche(l, their papers taken and
the two Spaniards sentenced to be
executed. Whether sentence was car
ried out is not known, the message
L-taring evidence of having been con
Vored on this point.
Mallory protested against the sen
tencing of the Spaniards.
"Keep your mouth shut or you
will be shot," he was told by the offi
(cr, who later released him. An In
ve-stigation of the incident has been
GERMAN HAD BOGUS PAPER.
American Passports Appear to Have
Been issued Generally.
London-it was learned on high
authority here that the British auth
orities have arrestedl a German sub
ject who had in his possession a forg
ed American passport wvhich the ar
restedl man admits is not genuine.
'i'he forged document has been com
pared with the original passport
which was issued to a bona tide
The real passport, which was sent
to London by the state department
at Washington shows that the forgery
is a (dangerouis imitation.
T1'he ar rested man Is understoodi to
have dleclared that the false passport
was given to him in Antwverp by Cap
tain Schneitzer, a German secret
service oilicer. The American stato
department is said to have taken uip
the qluestion with the German gov
ernient as the imitation is so clever
that it constitutes a danger to Ameri
Honor for America.
Lond~ont. - Prof. Rtichard Norton,
founder of the Amnerleani amibulance
corps, the chief Ried Cross unit in the
Second Fr-ench armliy, has been award
ed thle military cross by the French
Marines Meet Resistance.
Washington. - American marines
landed at Port au Prince, Haiti, last
night encountered resistance which
was overcome without casulties
among tile sailors, The following
message from Admiral Caperton was
given out at navy dlepartmjent:
"Landing forces established in city.
Slight resistance during early part of
night as advance was being made,
This resistance easily overcome. No
casulties our force. Am proceeding
to disarm Hlaition soldiers and civil
Demands Helease of Goods.
Washington.---Unofficial, but vigor
ouis efforts by the state department
to secuire for American importers tihe
release of vast consignments of Ger
man, Austrian and other goods held
in neutral Euiropean ports by the
British order-in-council are believed
by ofmcials here to has. influenced
Great Britain to formulate the sup
plemental note expected next week.
The comlmunication is expected to
present an oflicial answer to the un
cfficial repr-esentations made after the
original nntn was framed.
ENDORSE IDEA OF
GOVERNOR MANNING ADDRESSEE
STATE FARMERS' UNION AT
NEW OFFICERS ARE ELECTED
E. W. Dabbs, of Maysville, Is Elected
Columbia.--An optimistic note w
sounded in the address of Gov. MA
ning at the annual meeting of t
South Carolina State Farmers' uni.
held in the chapel of the Universi
of South Carolina. The governor 1
dorsed the idea of a state warehou
system, but added that the walre
house act in this state neded certain
amendments. le expressed the opin- -
ion that the agricultural outlook is
brighter in South Carolina than at the
same time last year. The governor
believes that the farmers are better
prepared now than they were last
The following officers of the union
were elected: 1-1. T. Morrison of Mc
Clellanville, president, to succeed E.
W. Dabbs of Mayesville; J. Frank
Williams of Sumter, vice president;
J. Whitner Reid of Columbia, secre
trry and treasurer. M. W. Graming
of Orangeburg was elected a mem
ber of the executive committee, to
speceed R. M. Cooper of Wisacky,
who declined re-election. 11. 'T1. Mor
rison was elected delegate to the na
tionial union convention and John L.
McLAItuin visiting delegate to the
State Federation of Labor.
An invit ation for the n Oxt m1jeeting
was received from the ianagOimnt
of the Isle of Palms. The meeting
place will be decided upon at a later
date by the state executive commit
Other addresses of the day were by
F. M. Dwight. M. D., of Wedgefield,
1I. W. Gramling of Orangeburg and
J. G. L. White of Columbia, state
deputy warehouse commissioner. Mr.
White explained the state cotton
warehouse system. John L. Mc
Laurin, state wj-ehouse comnils
sioner, was prevented from attending
by Illness in his family.
Plans for a state-wide campaign
looking to the establishment of a sys
tem of good roads, in which every
member of the State Farmers' Union
is expected to participate, was
launched. After expressions of of
ficors and members of the union had
explained that a strong sentiment ex
isted- among the farmers in favor of
a general betterment of the state's
public highway system, Reid Whit
ford, engineer of the sanitary and
drainage commission, discussed in
detail what he described as the most
effective way of accomplishing this
Operating New Wheat Mill.
Manning.--The new wheat mill at
this place has been contpleted, the
mac~hinery all installed and it is be
ing operated very satisfactorily. An
expert machinist and an exper-iencedl
miller wer'e sent on with the outfit to
assist in getting it in satisfactory
operation and those who have in
spected the plant gay that it wvorks
like a charm. The patronage from
the outset has amu e to a rush
and it is probable tlt the mill wvill
be kept busy hencefor~ , for there has
heen a fairly good erEp of wvheat
r-aisedl in Clarendon comnty.
New Service For Charleston.
Charleston.-The Mortan liner El
Mar, the first marine lilit of the
Southern Pacifle company to make
her appearance in Charles~n har-bor,
and the initial represent( ye of a
schedule that wvill possibly s1ke this
point that company's south%'5 ii ntic
port of call, is due to arrive in C -wr
leston harbor on or about August 6.
Thle El Mar is scheduled to steam
firom Galveston for Charleston~ on Au.
gust 1 with a cargo of misceillaneous
merchandise, largely Texas products.
A considei'able item of the vessel's
cargo will be rice.
Will Raise fund For Colleges
Columbia.-Favorable action upon
the proposal to raise $300,000 for the
three Methodist colleges in this state
--Wofford College, at Spairtanburg,
Lander College, for women, at Green.
wood, and Columbia College, for
women, at Columbia-was taken at a
meeting here of the board, of educa
tion of the Upper South Caa'olina
Methodist Conference and the South
Carolina Methodist Conferences. It
was decided to begin immediately the
movement to secure this fund from
members of the denomination.
Bamburg Moving Forward.
Bamberg.-A movement Is on foot
in Blamberg to extend the waterworks
system to cover the entire town and
to install a complete sewerage sys.
tenm. There is also some talk in favor
of paving the business street. A
committee of citizens has been ap.
pointed to circulate the various peti.
tions and the board of public we:
and the town council will soon h
a .joijit meeting to consider the pr
ositton. The petition for extend
the waterworks has received -the oig.
tures of a majority of eehodsa.