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"HREE HUNDRED AND FIFTY PAS
SENGERS ABOARD.-ALL ARE
1RMED WITH VISIBLE GUN
)ff South Irish Coast When Attacked
-All Passengers Landed Safely at
London.-The Allan Line steamer
tlesperian, with 350 passengers, bound
'rom Liverpool for Montreal, was at
acked without warning by a German
ubmarine off the Irish coast. Al
though the torpedo found its mark the
ressel remained afloat and, according
co a statement issued by the company
Every soul aboard was saved.
No submarine was seen, and prob
Ably it was too dark to observe the
bvake of a torpedo, but all the pas
sengers and crew who arrived at
Queenstown in rescue steamers agreed
the attack was made by a German un
dersea boat, basing their opinion on
the force of the shock and the great
volume of water thrown into the air.
The force of the eplosion was tre
mendous, and of the passengers land
ed at Quenstown, many of them
scantily clad, about 20 were injured.
There were no American passen
gers on board so far as the Ameri
can Consul could learn, but two mem
bers of the crew were American cit
izens and they both were saved.
About 30 wounded Canadian soldiers
going home to recuperate were
aboard. Most of the other passengers
were Canadians or English.
The torpedo struck the Hesperian
in the forward engine room, and the
ship immediately began to settle by
the head. Captain Main ordered the
passengers and crew into the boats,
but with his offilcers remained on the
bridge, although at that time he
must have felt sure his ship would
The discipline was perfect, but one
of the boats, the falls of which be
came jammed, capsized, and those in
there were thrown into the waters. In
the darkness some confusion prevail
ed~ but all were picked up, and with
other passengers and the crew, were
transferred to the rescue steamers,
which arrived in answer to wireless
calls for assistance.
TROOPS ON BORDER READY.
Would Not Hesitate to Cross Border
After Mexican Bandits.
Washington. - All United States
troops on the Mexican border are tin
der orders to be in readiness to meet
any emergency. War department of
ficials said extraordinary vigilance
had been ordered as a result of re
peated raids in Amerloan territory by
Mexican brigands and soldiers, and
renewed reports of preparation for an
organized invasion from across the
Rio Grande in the states of Coahuila
and Nuevo Leon,
'As long as the raiders continue to
appear in small bands, it is under
stood none of them will be followed
into their own territory, but officials
.Indicated that the American com
manders would not hestitate to pur
sue the enemy until they were corn
-pletely routed should anything re
sembling an organized invasion of
the United States be encountered.
Persistent reports that some of the
Mexican raiders slain wore Carranza
uniforms have reached officials here.
Rumors have come, too, that there
Is a concerted move by Carranza head
ers in Nuovo Leon and Coahulia to
arouse Mexican sentiment against the
Pan-American movement for re-estab
lihhment of constitutional government
in the republic.
Charles A. Boynton Dead.
Washington.-Charles A Boynton,
one of the veterans of the Associated
Press and one of the best known
American newspaper men of the last
25 years, died here at his home, aged
79. He had not been in active service
since 1909, but until recently had been
In fair health.
Martial Law in HaitI.
Wahington-Foreign influences in
~aiti, workins to block the plane of
-the United States to pacify the repub
Hec and rehabilitate its finances under
American supervision, have made it
2lecessery to declare martial law in
Port au Prince, and in practically all
'but two of the country's open ports.
Resar Admiral Caporton, acting withirn
hais general instructions, declared
mnartial law and explained that his ac
tion was taken because of a situation
nwhich was beyond the control of the
Newport News Has BIg Fire.
Newpor-t ews, Va.--Property dam
~age estimated at upwards of $2,000,000
'esulated from a fire which originasted
tzi CObeaapeake and Ohio grain eleva
t'cr "A" here and spread to nearby
buildings and to a big grain pier, First
s'eports thalt 12 elevator employes had
~been burned to death were not veri
fied, but William Butler, a watchman,
whQ was trapped on the top floor, lost
i.tWlife. The elevator with nearly
a million bushela of wheat was
roye, gainpeer No. 5 .was bad
RESERVE DOARD TO
CLEARS WAY FOR HANDLING
STAPLE WITHOUT CLOGGING
$5,000,000 INITIAL DEPOSIT
special Rediscount Rates on Promis
sory Notes Secured by Warehouse
Receipts on Cotton.
Washington.-Definite steps were
taken by the federal reserve board
and Secretary McAdoo of the treasury
department, to extend aid to cotton
producers of the 'south and to clear
the way for handling the fall crop
without the uncertainty and difficulty
experienced last year.
The board issued new regulations
authorizing federal reserve banks to
give special rediscount rates on
promissory notes secured by ware
house receipts for staple agricultural
products with the restriotion that
member banks must not charge more
than 6 per cent to the borrower.
Secretary McAdoo announced he
would soon deposit $6,000,000 as an
initial deposit in gold in each of the
federal reserve banks at Richmond,
Atlanta and Dallas. Fifteen million
dollars more is to be deposited later.
The secretary said that if conditions
showed the need of deposits elsewhere
to aid in handling any other crop he
would extend similar government aid.
The new regulations are broad
enough to apply to all staple, read
ily marketable crops, but it is well
known that the cotton crop is he one
which has given concern of late.
The board announced that the
reserve banks in Atlanta and Dallas
already had requested a discount rate
of three per cent on the sort of paper
approved in the regulations.
The announcements followed meet
ings that have occupied the time of
the board and Mr. McAdoo most of
the last few days. Although when
the secretary originally proposed de.
posits of government funds in South
ern reserve banks alone, many months
ago, the plan was not favored by sev
oral members of the board, it was noi
opposed dui ing the recent discussions
Some members indicated, however
that as the total cotton crop probabl
would be worth about $800,000,00
they did not think $30,000,000 woul
go far toward handling it.
A CALL TO PRAYER.
Laymen's Missionary Movement Sendi
Out Urgent Call.
Chicago.-A call to prayer address.
ed to every individual in the country
and carrying the words "pray, pray
without ceasing," was sent out by the
Laymen's Missionary Movement of
the United States and Canada in
preparation for a series of conven
tions, the first of which will be held
in Ohicago October 14 to 17.
The movement is designed to be of
a nation-wide character for the
spread of the gospel during which
76 convenions will be held in va
rious cities culminating in a Naitional
Missionary Congress in Washington,
A pril 20 to 30, 1916.
The denominatica watch have en
tered into the movement this year
include among others th'e Baptist
Convention (Southern), Christian
Church, Methodist Episcopal Church
and Protestant Episcopal Church.
Bodies Found on F-4.
Honolulu, T. H.-Ten more bodies
were found in the hull of the United
States submarine F-4. They wore
crowded together in the engine-room
One body was identified as that of
Tvan L. Mahan, a machiniat's mate
of Lima, Ohio.
Members of the naval board of in
quiry declined to discuss whether the
finding of so many bodies in tihe com
partment indicated the nature of the
accident which caused the vessel to
It was suggested by some of those
working on the submarine that an
explosion elsewhere in 'the vessel
caused the men to seek refuge in the
Exchange Maricet Improves.
New York-All indications tended
to confirm a report circulated in Wall
Street that Great Britain had borrow
ed from $50,000,000 to $100,000,000
temporarily in this market to correct
the exchange rate on sterling, until
such time s her commissinoers shall
reach New York and consummate ne
gotiations looking toward the floation
of a much larger credit loan here.
There was no confirmation or denial of
this report by the big men of Now
York's financial world,
Pinkertons Bring SuIt.,
Atlanyta, Ga-Proceedings were be
gun In Superior Court here by the
Pinkerton National Detective Agency
to secure $1,2000 alleged' to be due
the agency from National Pencil
Company in whose factory Mary Pha
gan was killed April 20, 1918. The
petition claims Leo M. Frank, then
superintendent of the factory employ
ed the agency immediately after the
crime was discovered. Attorneys for
the pencil company claim the detec
tive agenvcy did not carry on its con
GERMANY ACCEPTS PLAN
GERMANY RECOGNIZES PRINCI
PLE FOR WHICH UNITED
STATES HAS CONTENDED.
Disavowal of the Arabic Tragedy.
Expects Wilson to Renew Repres.
- entations to Britain.
Washington.--Strained relations be.
tween the United States and Germany
over the submarine warfare appar
ently passed into history when Count
Bernstorff, the German Ambassador,
informed Secretary Lansing in writ
ing that prior to the sinking of the
Arabic his government had decided
its submarines should sink no more
liners without warning.
Oral assurances to that effect had
been given by the Ambassador last
week; but it was not until Count
Bernstorff, after a call at the state
department, returned to the Embassy
and sent a letter to Mr. Lansing quot.
ing instructions from Berlin concern
ing an answer to be made to the last
American note on the sinking of the
Lusitania that officials frankly admit
ted their gratification over the chang
ed position of the Imperial Govern
r Secretary Lansing said in a forma
D statement that the letter "appears tc
I be a recognition of the fundamenta
principle for which we have contend
ed." He immediately sent the com
munication to the White House anm
discussed it in cheerful vein with hii
I callers, who included Chief Justicc
White, Secretary McAdoo and Senatot
Tillman of South Carolina. Every
where in Administration circles there
was a visible relaxation of the tensior
which had existed ever since the Lusi
tania tragedy, though lessened by the
earlier assurance of Count Bernstorff
and advices from Ambassador Gerard
as to the attitude of officials in Ber
The next step it is stated authori
tatively, will be a formal communica
tion from the German Government,
disavowing the destruction of the
Arabic and tending regret and re
!paration for American live. lost in the
disaster if the attack was made by a
German submarine. Even if the sub
marine which torpedoed the liner
subsequently was sunk by a British
man-of-war, as has been suggested
both from Berlin and London, the
Berlin Foreign Office is expected to
send its disapproval as soon as a rea.
sonable time has passed without a re.
port from its commander.
Once the situation growing out o1
the Arabic incident has been disposed
of the response to the long unanswer
ed American note on the Lusitania
will be dispatched, and if Germany'.
explanations and proposals in this
case are accepted by the United Seates
officials here expect the way to be
cleared for a complete understandk~n
between the two governments on the
subject of freedom of the seas.
PLANNING NA.IlONAL DEFENSE,
Wilson.Can Proceed WIth More Free
Washington.-With danger of ser
ious trouble with Germany apparently
removed, President Wilson, it was
said authoritatively, believes he can
proceed with more freedom in develop.
ment of the national defense plans
because there can be no suspicion
that they are directed against any
The President's idea, it was said,
it to prepare a program for several
years in advance, and in doing so to
secure the expert opinion of army
and -navy officers, who have been
watching military developments in
Money Easy and Plentiful,
throughout the United States have
changed but little in'the last month,
according to reports from the 12 Fed
eral agents made public by the Fed
eral Rleserve Board. TPhe reports In
dicate slight improvement, with'tIarge
crops in sight, maitufacturing in spe
cial lines stimulated by foreign orders
and money easy and pentiful. Rich
mend reported that it is realized In
tho cotton territory there can be .no
excuse this year for a repetition of the
experience of last fall.
' / AW,fEIMA
/ '[HSS tto6S
GENERAL OROZCO KILLED
HAD CROSSED THE TEXAS BOR
DER WITH SOME OTHER
American Possee of Civilians, Customs
Officers and Cavalrymen Partici.
pated in the Battle.
El Paso, Tex.-Government officials
said they had received reports con
firming earlier rumors that Gen. Pas
cual Orozco, prominent Mexican mili.
tary leader during the last five years,
had been killed in a fight between
Mexicans and an American posse.
Civilians, customs officers and mem.
bers of the Thirteenth United States
Cavalry participated in the battle
which according to reports was fought
in the mountains in Culberson coun
ty, Texas. After a raid on the Dick
Love ranch Orozco and four compan.
ions were pursued from the Sierra
Blanca country into the foothills.
Official reports of the shooting said
four Mexicans besides Orozco were
According to reports the raiders led
by Orozco arrived at Love's ranch,
near Sierra Blanca, and forced the
cook to supply them with dinner.
While they were eating, Love and twc
cowboys were seen approaching. The
Mexicans fled, pursued by Love and
I his men, who quickly collected a
The running fight which ended
I when the last raider was killed lasted
BODIES FOUND ON F-4.
Some of the Bodies Are Recovered
From the Wreckage.
Honolulu.-A number of bodies of
the 22 men who went down in the sub
marine F-4 March 25 were found en
tangled in the wreckage of the inte
rnor. One body was removed.
The finding of the bodies was an
nounced by Rear Admihal C. J. Boush.
A hole was ordered cut in the for
ward compartment of the submarine,
so far inaccesible.
Preparations have been made to
embalm the bodies as soon as they are
taken out. If permission is granted
from Washington, the cruiser Mary
land will take them to the United
After being raised from a depth of
300 feet the F-4 was placed in dry
dock. The pumping out of the dry
dock was completed and the F-4 lies
on her starboard side in the dry-dock.
In addition to gaping holes in the
stern of t' submarine, a big hole has
been torn in the forward part.
One body found in the forward
compartment was identified as that
of George E. Ashcroft of Los Angeles,
Most of the bodies entangled in the
debris of the submarine are in frag
Dynamite for Coombe.
Depew, N. Y.-A dynamite bomb
pjlaced in front of the home of Mau.
rice F. Coombs, head of an aeroplane
company, whose plant, now in course
of erection, will make aeroplanes for
the Allies ,exploded, wrecking the wall
and shattering windows In the vicin
ity..- No one was injured.
Russia WIll Want Cotton.
Wahntn--niain that Rus
sian spinning mills will demand a
"fair amount" of the current Ameri
can cotton crop were reported to the
commerce department by Commercial
Attache Baker at Petrograd. He ca
bled that out of the 9,000,000 spindles
in Russia 7,500,000 outside of the war
zone are working nine-hour shifts a
day and each is consumIng 108
pounds of cotton annually.
Mexicans Sent to ,il.
San Antonio, Texas.-J. A.. Hernan
dez and Lucio Luna, who speaking at
at large gathering of Mexicans, made
remarks calculated to incite Mexicans
here to revolt against the United
State, were sentenced in police court
to two hundred days in jail. Domi
ciano Hernandez, who distributed a
pamphlet urging a social revolution
was sent to jail for 100 days. on a
vagrancy charge. The trio probably
will be given into the hands of the
. ederal authorities after the Jail sen
MR. [F! SPENKS I
INCREASED WAR AND NAVY SUB
JECT OF PRINCIPLE "TAFT
CONGRATULATES PRESIDENT T
Relief of Tension With Germany r
Should Be Source of Profound Re
joicing by Americans.
San Francisco.--William Howard
Taft advocated preparedness for war 1
and detailed means for its accomplish
ment in an address at the Panama
Pacific Exposition, delivered at "Taft
In ceremonies preceding the ad
dress, Mr. raft, using the silver spade
with which, while President he broke
ground for the exposition four years
ago, planted a California redwood tree
in "Taft Circle."
He also reviewed portions of the
.United States coast artillery at the
Presidio of San Francisco. A silver
loving cup, inscribed "in grateful
remembrance of his unfailing friend
ship and the fulfiliment of his confi
dence that San Francisco knows
how," was presented to him by the
In beginning his address Mr. Taft
declared Germany's acquiescence to
the United States contention for the
rights of non-combatants on commer
cial, liners "should be the cause of
profound rejoicing by every patriotic
American and the occasion for con
gratulation to the President."
"It must relieve the strain between
the two countries. The shadow of a
serious breach passes," he continued.
"It should not, however, lead our
people away from their duty of rea
sonable preparation. The incidenti,
though closed as we all hope, except
as to indemnity for the lives of those
already drowned, shows how near, as
neutrals, we are to the war. It shows
that we must be careful to insist up
on our rights as much as that we
ought to be reasonably prepared to
defend, against their invasion by any
TEUTONS MAKE HEADWAY.
Riga Only Section *Where Russians
Have Solid Front.
London.-Except in the region of
Riga, where the Russians are pre
senting a solid front, the Austro-Ger
man offensive again is making head
way. The western forts of Grodno
were evacuated after two of them
were destroyed by the heavy guns
and stormed by the German infantry,
and it is considered extremely likely
the whole fortress already has been
left to its fate. Vilna, doubtless, will
be the next objective of the Austro
Germans on this front.
Vienna reports a series of successes
which virtually have driven the Rus
sians out of Galicla; they now hold
only a very narrow strip between the
Sereth and Bessabia. Across the
border in the latter province the Aus
trains say the Russians set fire to a
number of villages, which might in
dicate a further retreat.
Thus hopes raised recently in the
Allied countries that Russia at last
was making a stand, have been dis
sipated. The Austro-Germans, how
ever, claim no large cawtures of men
or guns and the Russians apparently
are keeping their guns well behind
Turks Burn Town.
London-An Exchange Telegraph
dispatch from Athens says:
"Travelers arriving 'from Constan
tinople announce that Turks burned
the town of Ismad and massacred a
large number of the Araerican inhab
itants." Ismid, at the head of the
Gulf of Ismid in Asia-Minor, is 56
miles southeast of Consf antino'ple. Ito
pnpulation is about 25,0O.O
Two Americans Killed,
Brownsville, Texas.----The bullet
riddled bodies of two A mericans who
were kidnapped by Mexican bandits
12 miles north of here were found in
the bed of a dried lake.
Two More Bodies Identified.
H~onolulu.--The two bodies taken
out from the, submariste F-4 were
identified as those of Charles H. Wells
of Norfolk, Va., machiniets mate and
Frank N. Herzog of Salt Lake City,
Utah, electrician. Wells was identi
fled by a notebook which naval offi
cers decided contained no information
that would solve the mystery of the
submarine's disappearance in Hono
lulu Bay March 25, with 22 men on
board. The- identification of Herzog
was made through records of dental
work done for him,
Government Wa' ts Information.
Washington, - Amnbassador Page
was instructed to f ecure detailed In
formation as to the expected relaxa
tions in enforcemel its of the British
order-In-council agiainst Amer'ican
commerce. The Iltate department
wants to know just what character of
shipments will be a lowed to pass and
through what cha anbls application
may be made to .sicure release of
American cargoes ni w detained. The
Ambassador tras directed to inquero
whethrer Great Blrit'in would "facili
)VERNMENT IS NOW IN CON.
TROL .OF EPWORTH dRPHAN.
RY TO CONTROLL PELLAGRA
he Health Service Proposes to Feed
and Fatten The Children This Fall
That None Will Have Pellagra.
Columbia.-The United States pub.
ic health service a few days ago as
umed the task of feeding the in
nates of Epworth 'orphanage with a
,ood, strong, well-prepared diet as a
aure and as a preventative of pellagra.
The government has detailed Dr.
Goldburger to this duty and he has
already begun work. Dr. Tanner is the
resident physician in charge.
The government seems anxious to
show the people that pellagra is pre
vented and cured simply by using
good food; such as milk, eggs, fresh
and dried meats, beans, peas and a
limited amount of fruits, fresh and
There were a good many cases of
pellagra at the institution during the
summer but none were serious and
practically all have recovered.
The health service proposes to do
feed and fatten the children this fall
and winter that none of them will
have pellagra neat summer. The
government bears part of the expense
and the orphanage bears part. Dur
ing the year the general health of the
children has been good. There has
been very little sickness and no case
has proved fatal. H. W. Rice, M. D.,
has been the resident physician for
There are nearly 240 children at "
the orphanage and this has been' a
hard year for the orphanage. The
"hard times" have seriously diminish
ed its income and Epworth is now
facing winter's increased expenses
with a failing treasury. "We hope
our friends in the city and throughout
the state will come to our rescue and
make us a donation and do it now,'
said an official.
John H. Earle Shoots Himself.
Greenville.-The powerful physique
of John H. Earle, who a few nights
ago sent a bullet through his brain,
enabled him to linger for more than
24 hours at the point of death. Short
ly after midnight attending physicians
announced that he could live only a
few hours more. During the fore.
noon he seemed to rally slightly, his
pulse being stronger and his eyes re
adjusting themselves to some extent.
At night, however, his coma deepen
ed, his pulse weakend and his respi
ration not so good. An X-ray photo
showed that the large calibre bullet
passed through both lobes of the
brain. He died early in the morning.
No cause has been ascertained for
the destruction of his own life save
that he was despondent. He is said
to have telephoned to a sister that "14
.would soon be all over" and to the
public service man who brought him
from his home to his office he biade
Undiluted Mixture Kis Cattle.
Ridgeway.--.Eighteen head of cattle
on the plantation of Holbrook Rion
near here died recently as a result
of being sprayed with an undiluted
quanti-ty of the mixture furnished by
the government for tick eradication.
A hand on the place seems to have
been responsible for the mistake of
using the pure liquid contained in a
keg instead of the diluted mixture in
a barrel. The cattle were valued sat
British Embassy Sends MonefW
Washington.-The British embass0
remitted $323,000 to W. Gordon Mc~
Cabe & Co., of Charleston, S. C., for i'
American cotton taken from theX
steamships Carolina and Baltic by
British authorities several months
ago. The payment rep~resented a,
valuation of 9 cenits a pound. The
invoiced value was more than 10
cents. It was understood the differs
ence would be paid 'lter.
Jury to Deolde Vaukhn's Sanity.
Greenville.--T. U. Vaughn, sentenc
ed to death somne years ago for a
crime committed Against a girl in
mate of the Odd Fellows' Orphanage
home, of which he was superintend.
ent, WAS brought into court here to be
resentenced, his several appeals hav
ing failed. It was decided, however,
that there was. a question as to his
sanity and upon the order of Judg
Prince a jury will determine Probabl
at the next, term of the general see
sions court whether Vaughn is elm
ulating insanity or is really deranged,
Greenwood Self. Bond. At Home.
Greenwoo.--The Comnmercial banik
of Greenwood was the purchaser of
$100.000 of 30 year 5 per cent bornds
of the city of Greenwoodj feaa, e,.
street paving. The ptict
$102.70. The purchase m
iumi of $2,700, the ban)r
the deposits and to pay 5
balances. 'rhe price is
representatives of bond
to be the highest received
In 'this state Within th,
months. One buyer adde