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FOR FARM OROPS
WOULD ENCOUAGE DIVERSIFICA
TION OF CROPS AND BE BIG
BENEFIT TO ALL.
.DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of South Carolina Peo-.
pie, Gathered Around the State
The general ineffliency of diseased
children and the condition of the
dairying interests in South Carolina
were the subjects discussed at the
session of the joint conference of the
state board of charities and correc
tions and the Conference for Common
The establishment of curb markets
was stressed by Ira B. Dunlap, cash
ier of the Union National bank of
Rock Hill, as the most direct way to
assure the farmers of the neighbor
hood that they will have backing in
placing the products of diversified
agriculture on sale. The farmer, he
said, must know when and where he
can offer his produce for sale.
"Such a market has been in opera
ation in Rock Hill for about six
months and has been a pronounced
success," said Mr. Dunlap. "It is an
essential feature of the market that
the housewives attend the market to
make their purchases, no matter how
small they may be, so that the farm
ers can be encouraged. The market
has been a success from the stand
point of both the seller and the
The success of curb markets was
corroborated in a voluntary state
ment by Mrs. Derringer of Florence,
who emphasized the same points out
lined by Mr. Dunlap.
Statistics were produced by W. W.
Long, head o fthe farm demonstra
tion work, to show that South Caro
lina must take a decided step forward
in the matter of raising live stock and
that with one exception there were
fewer live stock in the state in 1910
than in 1850.
Care For Disabled Convicts.
The state penitentiary will here
after extend to the counties the use
of its hospital and the services of its
medical staff to care for sick and dis
abled convicts from the chaingangs
free of charge, if the supervisors of
tae counties will agree to pay the
penitentiary 30 cents a day for feed
Ing each such convict committed to
its care. The board of directors of
the state penitentiarty arrived at this
decision at their meeting in Columbia.
In a statement issued by the board it
* is set out that the depletion of the
revenues of the penitentiary makes it
* necessa-ry to ask the county supervis
ors to pay for dieting sick and disabl
ed convicts fornm the county chain
gangs who "can not perform produc
tive labor for the state penitentiary.
When such convicts regain their
health -they can be returned to the
chaingang in the county from which
iey came," the statement continues.
Call Stenographers to Meeting.
A call has ben Issued for a meet
ing the South Carolina Association
of Stenographers, to te held in Co
lumbia Thanksgiving day. Executive
committeemen met in Columbia Sat
urday, wvhen plans relative to the an
nual gathering were made. Final ar
rangements were left to the Colum
bia representaives. Sev'eral promi
nent South Carolinians are to be in
* vited to deliver addlresses. Miss Kate
SH. Ar-mistead is chairman of the Co
The executive committee is com
posed of J. J. Brennan of Sumter, also
presidient of the association; Ernest
L.Allen, Miss Kate HI. Arnmistead,
Miss Florence V. McMillan, Mrs.
Joseph B. Morris, Mrs. WV. T. Rison,
Miss Edith Por-cher, Miss Marguerite
Bradford, Lj. E'. Wood and Miles
Wood, Edgar Brown andl others.
Pardon Board Considers Cases.
The state board of pardons at its
sessions gave consideration to three
* capital cases. Joe Malloy, the Marl
boro negro, under sentence of death
for killing two white boys, is asking
that his sentence 'be commuted to life
imprisonment. The four Chester ne
groes under sentence to be electrocut
ed September 29 are asking for life
ter-ms. The third case is that of Wii
lie Bethune, who was convicted in
Clar-endon coun'ty and sentenced to
death. Is case has been afmrmcd by
the United States supreme court.
Seeking Water Ground Meal.
TIhat the opening up of so many
new grist mills in bouth Carolina has
been attracting attention and 'that
there are unlimited possibilities in
the business may be judlged by the
fact that Commissioner Watson was
reqiuestedl by one of the largest firms
of wholesale merchandise brokers at
Tampt, Fila., to furnish the names of
responsible millers in this state muak
ing water ground meal by the old
burr grinding system in sufficient
quantities to enable them to ship to
the Fairida market in'car-load lots,
Scholarship Law Needs Amending.
The state board of. education ad.
journed after a session of two days
in the'oflce of J. E. Swearingen, state
superintendent of education.
The date for the regular fall exam
ination of teachers was set for Friday,
October 1. The examination is con
ducted by the county superintendent
in each county. The questions were
prepared by the state board and will
be mailed in due time.
The lists of scholarship winners
recommended for Winthrop, Clemson,
the University of South Carolina and
the Citadel, were confirmed as sub
mitted by the respective college fac
ulties. The scholarship committee of
the state board was requested to
recommend some needed changes in
the scholarship law as soon as prac
The preliminary list of high schools
receiving state aid was approved for
the session 1915-16. This list show
ed 92 of the 130 schools in operation
In the appeal case concerning the
consolidation of districts 2-C and 2-E
of Greenville county, the action of
the county board was sustained and
the appeal dismissed.
Members of the board attending
the meeting were: Gov. Manning, J.
E. Swearingen, D. B. Peuritoy, S.
MeG. Simpkins, A. G. Rembert, W. Rt.
Koon, D. T. Kinard and A. J. Thacks.
Insurance Money Coming In.
The semi-annual return of invest
ments by insurance companies for the
six months ending June 30, 1915,
shows the very satisfactory figure of
$14,481,610. This is an increase over
the amount invested June 30, 1914,
of $1,599,000. This is a very satis
factory increase when the war con
ditions are taken into consideration.
The amount $14,481,610.66 repre
sents investments in state, county
and -municipal bonds to the amount
of $3,660,169.93; real estate mort
gages, $10,745,309.97; bank desposits,
$71,630.76, and real property owned
in the state, $4,500.
No accounting is made of loans to
policyholders or investments in in
terstate railroad bonds. The amount
shown above is only in such invest
ments an enable the companies to get
a reduction in license fees.
Governor Pleased With Boards.
At the request of President A. T.
Jamison. Gov. Manning made a brief
talk to the South Carolina Conference
of Charities and Corrections just be
fore it closed its annual meeting. Sec
retary Johnstone of the State Board of
Charities and Corrections thanked
the conference for the opportunity it
had given the board to get its work
before the people of the state. Gov
Manning told the audience that he
considered it a hopeful sign of the
times that people should come togeth.
er to consider questions concerning
the good of the race and the better
ment of the conditions gf the unfor.
Henry Breckenridge, assistant sec
retary of war, has addressed a lette.
to Gov. Manning congratulating the
I South Carolina National Guard upon
the fine success of the recent camp
at Charleston. "It is with much pleas
ure that I learn of the successful re
sults attained at this camp," said the
Dispensary Sales increase.
John Marshall, secretary of the
Charleston dispensary board, has sent
the followving letter to Gov. Manning.
"Permit me to rep~ort in behalf of the
dispensary board of Charleston count)
that during the month of August. 1915
there wvas sold in the dispensaries oi
this county $65,026.41 worth of beers
and liquors: thi compared with July,
1915, $65,199.61 and August, 1914,. $51,
128.15. You will observe, therefore,
that nearly $14,000 more beer and
liquor was sold this August than last."
Mr. Henderson is Honored.
Gen. Bainnett HI. Young of Louis
ville. commander-in-chief of the Unit
ed Confederate Veterans, c has con
forred a signal honor upon D). S. I len
derson of Aiken by a ppointing him
t ge advocate general. The offie
thus bestowed is 'practically thle high
est applointive office in the gift of the
commandier-in-chief of the Con feder
ate Veterans, and the app~ointment of
Mr. Henderson elevates him to the
highest legal position in the ranks of
the veterans. Mr. H-enderson is being
congratulated upon the honor.
New Charters issued By Secretary.
The Kershaw Motor company, of
Camden has been chartered with a
capital of $5,000. The officers are:
Geo. D. Shore, prcsident andi treats
urer; D. C. Shaw, vice president, and
E.. D. Shaw, secretary.
The Columbia Granite Sheds com
pany has lbeen chartered wvith a capi
tal of $4,000. The officers are: WV. 13.
Sullivan, president; William Watson,
vice president; E. N. Joyner, Jr., sec
retary; R. L. Mann, treasurer, andl
M. L. Mann, general manager.
Bleaty & Co. of Union has been
commissioned by the secretary of
state with a capital of $5,000. The
petitioners are D .C. Beaty, RI. P.
Morgan and1 J. G. Hughes.
The Greeleyville Motor company
was chartered with a capital of $2,000.
The officers are: D. C. Shaw, presi
(dent, andl C. L.. Montgomery, vice
president, secretary and treasurer.
The Ninety-Six Warehouse com
pany was chartered with a capItal of
$1,300. The officers are: H. T. Sloan,
president, and D. M. Lipscomb, see.
reta-ry and treasurer.
CZAR AND CZAREI
New photograph of the czar of' Ru
in the uniform of officers of the Rus
have outgrown his invalidism.
FIGHT LIKE DEMONS
Bernhard Kellermann Describes
Trench War at Souchez.
Roads and Paths for Miles Around
Under Fearful Fire-Little Ham
let Now Is Marked for
By BERNHARD KELLERMANN.
(International Neows Service.)
On the Western German Front.-I
have seen them and talked to them,
the men fighting out there In the
trenches of Souchez. Just now they
are resting, but tonight they will be
fighting again like demons. The roads
and paths for miles around are under
a fearful fire. Almost every second r
shell bursts with a deafening roar
Through this inferno they must pass
Then they will be in Souchez.
What is Souchez? A small village
which nobody knew a few month;
ago and which now will never be for
gotten again. The little hamlet il
marked for all time, like Gravelotte
and Woerth. If hell keeps books the
name of Souchez must be entered ir
There is nothing left of the villagc
but a heap of ruins. The trenches are
a few hiujdred yards from the village,
behind a curtain of fire. Through
this curtain our boys in gray must
pass. There are no communicating
passages--the French artillery on thc
heights of Loretto does not permit
them. The trenches can only be
reached over the open field, through
the unceasing hail of French shells.
Blut our men arm fearless. Their
uniforms were all field-gray at one
time, hut nobody is able to distinguish
their color now. Only the first ser
geant looks as If he just came from
the tailor shop. His uniform is spot
less and his hands are carefully mani
With the long nails of his little
finger he trates the position on the
map. Before the war he was a high
school p~rofessor, hut now he Is a sol
dieCr every inch of him.
"This is our trench,"' lie said, ex
plaining thle map to me. "'Over there
on the heights the artillery of the
"Yesterday we were undler heavy
fire from seven o'clock in thle morn
ing till nine O'clock at night. The
trench was destroyed anid we were
"About nine o'clock in the evening
the shollr began to fly over us. The
enemy was trying to (rive back a re
lief column andi to storm what was
left of our trench. Our lieutenant
shoutedl a command~ andi~ in a moment
our trench resembled an ant-heap. We
(lug ourselves out. Most of our guns
had( become useles's, but we had hand
'The French swooped dIown upon
us, but we sent a coule of dozens of
greniades into thoir ranks. Thue smokc
was so thick that we could not sec
"For ai moment the enemy recoiiled,
but then believinig us flnishedi, he ad.
vanced again, as lie had receivedl re
en forcements; yelling, singing and
laughing we threw still more grenades,
"At tihe same moment we noticed
that thle Frenchmen were also begin,
ning to attack from one of their
trenches at our right, in tihe directioni
of the sugar refinery. Like pear
from a barr'eh they came pouring out
of the smoke. The lieutenant shout
ed: 'One man to the,- fr-ont withI
grenadesC!' A single soldier- advan(ed]
andi started to throw bombs. W\hc
"I (lid it," answeredl one of the meni
a farmer from Silesia. "I took ar
armful of grenades andl fired away at
random, but the bombs hit their mark
The Frenc'hmen fell back. When they
advanced again I had omrego
ITCH IN' UNIFORM
a'ii~h'i~J ...............tr.'':..:i:T"tsia and his heir, the czarevitch, garbed
scan army. The young man seems to
ades and had to run. They sent vol
leys after me, but I safely reached our
trench again and jumped Into one of
Then the noncommissioned officer
"The Frenchmen believed them
selves sure of their success, but our
lieutenant was ready for them. IIe
sent eight men ahead into the craters
and the fire of this little detachment
mowed the enemy down when he
came on in close formation. In the
meantime our machine guns had been
brought into action and the French
were driven back in front and at our
"But the section of the trench for
which we fought had hecome, useless
to us. We gave It. up and slowly re
treated. keeping the enemy at a re
spectful distance by a heavy rifle fire.
"PFor a short while the enemy took
possession of our destroyed ditch, but
he could not hold it. W hen we rce
took: it by a counter-attack we found
it filled with the bodies of dead
French soldiers. We quickly dug our
selves in againi, but tomorrow the re
paired trench may be in the hands of
the enemy once more. 'Then we will
have to retake it again, and so it
QUEEN OF BULGARIA
Th otrcn htgaho
hser ariageir, the zretlgarnkid
ias arhy Prines younganr sofn Itoz
Kdostratz had taorun. aThe setusshm
Joysart She, is disafenyuishedorr
tho ra nte"os ihi avn
Ten he ocmson odfteags oficer
Covs suoitheidrin thces tura
lieteant wasr.ehy for tbe alied
senih meon, hed int th cntrb
danit the prefthlie war.taain
dlowl the eemy td on whrk lor
c Cme foederatoe foitn. Ih
meantimen of mthine gouny aeen
brought iprobabtlyna the sttwnchi
weheisr staen bein on aevent-oevr
photirapstakon othetrench the
frst time i~~n gthe longylavea The
wror hato h milren thnemytook
CHIVALRY NOT DEAD
Old Spirit of Knighthood Main
tained Among Aviators.
British and German Air Raiders No
tify Enemy of Fate of Rival Avi
ators-Flyers Are Type With
By FREDERICK PALMER.
(International News Service.)
British leadquarters, France.
"Though it has been repeatedly stat
ed that chivalry (oes not exist in this
war," said a British aviator, "this does t
not apply to the British and German
aviation branches. Whether it 14 the
individualism of our work and its nov
eity, or whatever it is that is respon
sible, something of the old spirit of
knighthood maintains among the
flyers of the air. \\'hen a rlirtish avi
ator has to descend in the Germal
lines, whether from engine trouble or
hecause his engine or his plane has
been damaged by antiaircraft gunlihe,
the next day the Germans report to
us his name and whether he survived,
and if so. whether he is wounded. We
always do the same. It has come to
be a custom."
The reports are made in a manner
worthy of airmen and they are the
only communications that ever pass
between the two foes, which watch
for heads to snipe at from their
trenches. What is called a "message
bag" is dropped over the British lines
by a German or over the German lines
by a British aviator-sometimes when
he is in the midst of bursting shells
from the antiaircraft guns. Long
streamers are attached to the little
cloth bag. These, as they pirouette
down to the earth from a height of
seven or eight thousand feet attract
the attention of soldiers in the neigh
borhood and they run out to get the
prize when it lands.
It is taken to battalion headquar
ters. which wires the fact on to the
aviation headquarters, where the fate
of a comrade may be known a few
hours after he has left his home aero
drome; and, in another few hours
someone in England may know the
fate of a relative.
"That. is one of the advantages of
helonging to the flying corps." say the
liritish aviators. "it may be weeks
iftore hiis relative and comrades
know whether a man who is missing
after a trench attack or m('Cnter-attack
is a pirisoner or dead. Such little kind
nesses as this don't interfere with
you lighting your hest for your
cause: at the same time they take
a little of the savagery out oif war.
Of course, the rule couhd not apply to
prisoners taken in trench fighting
only to airmen. There are relatively
few airmen on either side and only
an occasional one ever comes down
to the enemy's lines."
With the first flush of dawn tho
lritish planes rise from the aviatioi
grounds. All day they are coming
anldi going, and in the dusk of evening
they appear out of the vague dis
tances of the heavens retuning home
The flyers become n type with cer
tain mar'ked chiarnetor'istics. No tnerV
ouis mani is wanited; and~ it 1.s time for
any nian whlo showvs any signi of
nervesi to take a rest. They senti
shy, dliflhdent, nien of the kind given
to oblservationi rather than talking;
men who ar'e used to using their eyes
rather than their hands. It is a little
diffieult to realize that sonie quiet
young fellow whmo is pointed out has
hiad so many hiairbr~leadthi escap~es.
What tales worthy of "Arabian
Nights" heroes who were borne away
(on miagic ca rpet s them(y bring home, r'e
lating them as matter-of-factly as if
they had brokeni a shoe lace. I 'p In
their1 seats, a whtirri of the motor, and
they atre away on ar~cther~ Ildventurie.
T'hiey shy at thie men tion of thimIr
niites it pritt for thatt is not t'on
Sierd' p'oodl for thie spirit 3tf this, thle
navelstbac te sorrE ()11 ive tif war1).
Somt m'emi ers have itt('1, as thiey put
it. and1( somie dho not. Le -s nme may'
not0 he g Iiven. b iut Iis is thie miost dr a
ma11tic of recent'I e x per'ietnces.
lIe was t ilot flying ini ielgiuim,
far away froti the itritish litnes, whietn
an anil tia Irmcra ft siteli mashted ils leg.
whIith was It by 11ifly hbulIlet s and1(
i'ra gmtiiIs. tihe doct1or est ima ted, as
Itle sItory was told( to thie correspond1(
enit, lie collapised int his seat uneon
scious5. llis ttachtine dlrop~ped at. right,
antgles to the litie of flight,. with the
'oncu'lsslin. The observer who wias
with him inman aged to hold on by
cluitcin iig at thle' mahit n e gun.
carthi w ith the observer' helpless from
his position)1 to1 (10 anyth Ing, whlien
- t----)recovered conisciousness andl
must eedS strn gth an 11presen3i (Ce of
miind1( Enioutgh to right thie machlminc and
to turn2 It roundit in thie mid~st of a
(1oud( (of iihrapntel smoke. lIe wias not
goinig to h.. taken prtisoner,' dlespite his
shta ttered4( leg, when lie founid that
the shell which had so near-ly done for
1h1 im ha d not injuiredi thle engine or
Itle planie. So he madIe for the near
Th'lere lhe managed to land safely.
Buas lhe said, lhe did not dare to got
ouit of is seat until the doctor came.
for- feat' that his leg would fall oft
lie will get well.
Saw Far Ahead.
Wichita, Kan.-Mirs. 'lar-a lFay, sev
enty-seven years old, who dlied here'
recently, hiad preparedi for hot' demise.
leaving niothing undono in funeral or
By O. E. SELLERS Acting Director of
the Sunday School Course of the Moody,
.ESSON FOR SEPTEMBER 19
)EFEAT THROUGH DRUNKEN=
LESSON TEXT-I Kings 20:10-21.
GOLDEN TEXT-Wino and now wine
ake away the understanding. Hos. 4:11
We feel somewhat liko questioning
he title of this lesson. It can be used
s a temperance lesson no doubt, but
o attribute lien-hadad's defeat entire
y to drunkenness is not quite true to
he facts. Jehovah's jealousy of his
mine (v. 13) and the enemies' con
empt for Jehovah (vv. 23, 28) are the
undamental causes of the defeat of
he Syrians though, of course, drunk
miness, as an exhibition of seif-indulg
3mCe and therefore of weakneis, was
I natural accompaniment of that con
empt for God.
I. Ahab's Predicament, vv. 10-12.
'ho Syrian king's contemptuous treat
nent of Ahab (vv. 1-7) at last became
so great that in sheer desperation the
people refused to listen to his demands
(v. 8). Ills forces far overwhelmed
'he little army of Israel (vv. 1, 10r
17), but one was on Ahab's side who
lad not yet withdrawn his mercy from
Israel and with whom flen-hadad could
not cope (v. 13; Rem. 8:31; Phil.
4:13). Bien-hadad was the most pow
erful monarch of his time of those na
tions bordering upon the Mediter
ranean. The march of his army was
like "a tempest of hail, an overwhelm
ing scourge" with unrestrained power.
The effect was worse than the plagues
of Egypt. But ien-hadad was a drunk
ard, a habitual one (vv. 12-16).
Samaria was rich and this king want
ed it even as intemperance always
lusts after the wealth of youth and
the gold of a nation (vv. 3, 12). Drink
always makes a fool of its victim and
dooms to ultimato defeat all who yield
to its power (cli. 16:9; 11 Sam. 13:28;
1rov. 31:4, 6; Luke 21:34; Eph.
Ii. God's Prophet, vv. 13-15. It was
indeed dark for Ahab. lie saw (v. 13)
the host confronting him but ho also
heard the word of Jehovah. As con
trasted with Jehovah that multitude
Was but as a handful of dust. God
is on the sid1o of temperance. All of
God's laws favor temperance. Our
ever-living glorillied leader and the
energizing poW er of the holy spirit are
the ones who are the source of our
victories over all principalities and
powers of evil. Ahab's predicament
is answered by God's "I will deliver"
(V. 13) and so today we have his sure
promise of victory (Eph. 6:10.12).
God has today set forth his prophets
(I Cor. 12:28) to proclaim his mes
sage of salvation and power to over
com intemperance. This is not a
"necessary evil." Experts anld scion
tists have clearly demlonstrated its be
ing unneccessary and a drag upon so
ciety, and God hias taught us ho0w to
overcome it. Ahab's unfortunate char
actor appears at its best inl tis story,
but alas he and his successors soon
forgot tile 1lesson.
ill. Victorious Princes, Wt.. 16-21. To
Ahab's question "by whomfl" is thi do-,
liverasnce to be Wvrought, God anlswers,
"by thne young men Of the princes of
the provinces" (v. 14). Thlese chloice
young fellows are mustered in, 232 of
thlem, as leaders of an army of 7,000,
all who could be found inl thle capital.
God delights to work through young
men I John 2:13, 14) and11 the pages
or hlis9tory arec strewn with tihe victori
01us alchiCeements of youthl.
Two-ird oI(5cf inlcoln's army wvere
under (' twent1 Iy-one ( years of' ago at thleir
(nlistrlinlt; t he 1non was1 preCserved
by3 aim army 0f boys.
Ahab imself ia thle leader (v. 14)
anid thley beganu at on1ce by3 (arryinlg
the battl it o 0 the 0enemie ls' Iterritory.
I t0n-hadal~d and( ii drlinking comipan
ions never'i dreamU ed of beinbg attacked
at that hour. Liko( Gideon and is
arimy these young 1men1 smiote the
S;yrian1 host. ini overwhmeling dlefeat.
Israel's enem11ies had incalpacitatedi
thlemslelves. A drunken mob01 is no0
match for oven a hlandful of organlizedl
kings courted thleir own dlefealt (Prov.
23:29-32; EccI. 11:10; l10s. 4:11). flea.
hadad's kings "who helped him" (v. 16)
)rovedi to be a reed for aill tile strength
krind sup port tihey rendcered him in theq
moment of is need(.
it was tile young men whlo wvent
first, e. g., struck thme first blow. flea
badad's self-confidence and boasting
(v. I8) is but anothler illustrationl of
that "pridle wich goeth before (d0
struction" (P'rov. 10:18; Luke 18:1-4).
Tile army of Israel was smiall (v. 15)
but it (lid not hesitate to attack 'til
superior force and that sort of faith
will always inceito others which wvill
"follow thleml" (v. 19).
Every mani "slew is manli," each
did 11is part-"played thle game and)(
played it fair"'-nid 11h0 result was a
hlost in full flight anid the hanmdful of
Israelites in pur~suit v. 20).
Godl Raved Israel that day 1by thle use
of youn me Iln. TJea(chers, dio you1 real.
izo your opport unity? It is (ours to
arouse ill y'oulth a realizatioii of its
capacities, ad(1vantages, opplortunlities
andl resp~onsibilities; to inispire them
withl a dletermlination to be of servie;
to instruct themi ill God's [lan of cam
paign and to link them withl tile Young
Man of Nazareth. "the Captain of Sai