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ONE OF FACTIONS
ECOGNITION OF A MEXICAN
GOVERNMENT IS NEXT STEP
3HANCES FAVOR CARRANZA
ny Provisional President With Nec
essary Material and Moral Capa
city to Maintain Civil Laws.
New York.-Secretary Lansing, rep
resenting the 1tited States Govern
Ient, and the di;'ipiiatic represtn
tatives of 'IBrazil, il e, Argentine,
IIolivia( truguay anl (;tatetmala, re
solved at their mi-etini_ here that the
timo had comoC for th'. extension of
formal recognition to a governmtent in
In three weeks another meeting of
the conference will be held in Wash
ington. at which a derision is to be
reached as to the #lemtents tupon
which the recogtnitio n should he con
ferred. A formal statement 'issued
by the conferette declared that inas
tu1111 as the Puctions themselves had
failed to Comtle to at agreettent, rr
ognition would he accorded to the de
facto authorities possessing the "ma
terial and moral capacity necessary
to protect the lives and property of
Nationals and foreigners." Each of
the several governments, it was an
nounced, would itse;f "judge such
capacity, and recognition will likewise
be extended by each government sepa
rately at such titmo as it may deem
Unless the military situation in
.Mexico takes a decided turn within
'the next three weeks in favor of
General Villa who has concentrated
his forces for battle with General Oh
chief, at Torreon, most of the con
ferees were of the opinion that the
Carranza government would logically
.ie entitled to recognition.
The several governments will ent
deavor to learn, however, not only
what territory each faction controls
but what promise of stability the fac
tions give that aspire to recognition.
.To determine exactly what is the
status of the different factions the
several governments will examine the
situation each in its own way. The
United States will seek to form its
judgment through long and exhaustive
reports from its consuls supplemented
in personal conferences In Washing
ton between Secretary Lansing and
representatives of all groups and elo
UNDERWRITE BIG LOAN.
Syndicate Will Receive Commission
New-York.-The proposed mammoth
credit loan to Great Britain and
.France it was reported is to be under
written by a largo syndicate of Ameri
can financiers and bankers who are
to receive a commission for their ser
virtes. iThe securitIes offer-ed, it was
said, will be British and F~renchi five
~er cent government nonds, and the
price to the investor Is to be par
* The amount of the loan it was re
ported is as -yet utndeterminedl but
will be between 1600,000,000 and $800,
The underwritintg syndicate, it was
reported, will be the largest of Its
kind ever established1 In the United
States and probably will be open to
nearly all natiotnal ibanks, trust coma
panies and state banks that may care
Elimination of the reported dlffe
ence in OptInionI betwveen Atmerican
financIer-s and miemubers of the Anglo
Firench Comtmission over the mtanneor
of placing the loan ttap pa rentl y has r-e
sulted In a victory for- thte A met-hana
fitnatncier's. Preous' re'pot wvere to
the effect that the commuission's views
wvere that the loant s hould bIe placed
by subscriptiloln and that therte shiould
-be no underwriting syndIente.
Confederate Naval Monument.
WVashington--- Confederate naval
monnetnt to cost not tmoro than
$150,000 is proposed In thte annual re
port of thte Vlcksburg Natiottal MIli
tary Park Cotmsslotn jutst subtmitted
to the Secretary of War.
DecIsIve Battle Near Vilna.
London.-rThe Germans have occu.
'Died Vilna, and by a wide sweeping~
movement to the northt, have succeed
ed in almost if not entIrely surrountd,
tng a portion of the Russian army
fighting in the raIlway trIangle be.
tween Vilna, Lida and Vilelka. The
'Russian forces in this district either
must fight their way out eastward ot
retire Int a soutthwvesterly direction,
for the only railway left entIrely ir
their hands is that which runs fron
Vilna to Lida, and thence to TBarano,
Fire Prevention Day,
New York.-'he Safety First Feod
eration of America announoced tha
Saturday, October 9, thte anniversar;
of the Chicago fire, had been deslt
nated as National FIre Preventio
Day', with ptans for a general obsei
vence in many cities throughout th
*country. The governor of each stat
ha* been requested to Issue a proc:i
mnatlon asking the public to co-opet
ate in the movement. The fire los
an tle United States and Canada 1:
2.94 wras estimnated at $235,591,350.
REAR ADMIRAL WINSLOW
Rear Admiral C. M. Winslow has
been transferred from the Naval War
college at Newport to the command
of the Pacific fleet.
AMERICANS ORDERED OUT
SECRETARY LANSING DESCRIBES
INSTRUCTIONS TO CONSUL
AS SIMPLY PRECAUTIONARY.
Obregon's Rapid Advances to North
and Frequent Lawlessness Led to
Washington.-American Consuls in
northern Mexico, which now has be
colme the chief battleground between
the contending factions, have been
advised by the state department not
only to notify American citizens to
withdraw from the danger zones, but
to leave Mexico themselves if condi
tions become intolerable.
Secretary Lansing described the in
structions to Consuls as simply pre- t
cautionary. They are similar to those J
given American Consuls in Europe c
whenever the contending armies draw
near cities previously untouched by t
the fighting. t
Obregon's rapid advance Into north- f
ern Mexico, and frequent reports of t
lawlessness on the border led to the j
present measures, according to state (
department officials. The only formal i
announcement on the subject follows:
"Owing to disturbed conditions pre
valling along the 'Mexican border, the <
department repeats the adivce here- j
tofore given to American citizens to
remain on this side of the interna
tional line for the present." }
As soon as American citizens have
withdrawn, there will be no necessity,
in the opinion of high officials, for the
Consuls to remain, but it was denied I
that they had been ordered to leave,
discretion being vested in the Consuls
themselves. The nctifications extend-.
ed to Consuls in Torreon, Chihuahua,
HIermonsillo, Guaymas, Nogales and
Juarez. Latest teleg-ranms to the do-,
partment indicated a general exodus.
At the Villa Washington agency the
department's action was received with:
SEVENTH VOTE OF CREDIT,
Premier EmphasIzes Growing Expen
ditures of War.
London.-Tphe seventh vote of credit
since the wvar begun, bringing up the
total to 1 .262.000.000o pounds ($6,310,
(0 0.000, was muovced in the Ilouse of
('onun onu by~ ~ Pre tnier Asqu11i th. Thei
amount aked for was 250,000,000
poundms (31. 250.000.000-.
TIhi' Prtemi er also announced t hat
nleary ",000.000 mlOn had1( enlisted.
II timade this Vt a temenIt in reviewinog
the financial aital tiilitary situations,
so far as ilitary IV (x i!1nc ies perm01it
td; but this reqi irement necessitated
in many' instanceos only vague refer
ences to the trendl of events.
The growing eyt'enditurres for the
wvat' were emphasizod by the Premier.
ie said the averase' dai!y cost from
April 1 to the end of June was 2,
700,000 pounds ($3.50o.000); from
July 1 to 17, 3,000,000 poundls; from
July 18 to September 11. 3.500,000
poundls. Thus then total for this pc.
riodl in round figures is 500.000,000
pounds. There has been ratpid 5,
000~,00 to the Blank of E'nglatnd, 30,
000,000 pounds has heen lent to for
eign governments and 28,000,000
pounds le-nt to the Dominions.
Thinks Trouble Nearly Over.
New Yorkr--Settlement of the diffi
eulties between the United States and
Germany within a fortnight was pre
dlictedl by Count Bernstorff, the G;er.
man Ambhassadior, here shortly after
hIs return from Washington.
Fighting In AfrIca.
Paris.--"lighting continuially In
Africa since last Septemnber' along a
front of more than 2,000 miles, the
r F'renchi colonial troops aided by tho
: ritishi, have obtained remarkable re.
ra suIts," said Gaston Doumnergue, mlin.
'. iter ,of the Colonie s.
"German East Africa," the minister
e continued, "will Mon be the only
('colony p)ossessed by O00 many wIth
the exception of a small part of the
s~ Kam'eruns. The~ other German poe.
3 sessionIs sre either occupied by the
French -e ','zillsh.
SMALL ZATTLES ON
FIGHTING ACROSS RIO GRANDE
BETWEEN MEXICAN AND U. S.
FORM MOB AT MATAMORAE
Americans Suffer No Casualties.-Re
ported That Seventeen Mexicans
Brownsville, Tex.-American cav
ilrynen had two lights with Mexicans
across the R1io Grande, one here and
one near Donna about 60 miles up the
river. In both clashes the American
ioldiers were fired upon and returned
the fire without themselves suffering
Then American cavalrymen in the
D)onna fight, which lasted two hours
and a half, reported they were fired
upon by about 200 Mexicans and be
leved that they had hit 17 Mexicans.
Twenty Americana cavalrymen fought
)m the outskirts of Brownsville for
ialf an hour with Mexicans on the op
)osite bank of the river. After the
ight ono Carranza soldier was taken
o Matamoros, probably fatally
vounded. but Carranza ollicers denied
'mphatically that any of their men
oined in the battle.
Col. A. P. Blocksom, American
:om1mander at Fort Brown here, re
)orted to Major General Funston at
San Antonio that the Mexicans started
he tiring near Brownsville.
Immediately after the battle a small
nob formed .in Matamoros, about the
ieadquarters of Gen. E. P. Nafarrete,
jarranza commander, shouting: "Give
'T'hey had heard the rifle shots and
vere angered by reports that their
people had been fired upon. General
qafarrete refused their demands. He
ent his chief of staff, Col. P. A.
;hapa, to investigate and Colonel
ook United States Consul Jesse H.
ohnson with him to the Mexican side
f the battleground.
Mr. Johnson found some evidence
o support the Mexican soldiers' claim
hat they were not implicated in the
ght, but after coming to Brownsville
o learn the American version, Mr.
ohnson said he was convinced that
,olonel Chapa had not yet been put
n possession of all the facts.
The trouble at Brownsville began
Shen Juan Diego, a Mexican resident
f Brownsville, reported to Colonel
ilocksom that for two or three days
nipers on the AMexican side had been
hooting into his ranch on the river
FINDS LAND HE SOUGHT.
tefansson, Thought Possibly to Have
Been Lost, Heard From.
Nome, Alaska.-Villijalmur Stefans
on, chief of the Canadian Govern
noent Artic exploring and surveying
xpedition that left Victoria, B. C., in
une, 1913, and who set out afoot over
he ice with two companies from the
hores of northeastern Alaska in
darch, 1914, to seek new .land in un
~hartered seas, did not go to his death,
s the world had begun to fear, but
ound the new land and the only hard
hiips enidured were those of short
The power Bchooner Ruby arrived
remn Herschel Island with dispatches
romn Stefansson to the Canadian Gov
~rnmient in which he omits reference
o the perils of tile journey on the- ice
nud gives space to tihe scientific re
Stefansson is wintering at Banks
and, where lie has a large power
~chooner an dia small one. Heo plans
o) explore the new territory during
he winter and next rumm~uer pene
rate further into the region of mlys
ery between Alaska and the North
P'ole, where no ship has ever gone.
Girl K ills Father.
Lynchburg, Va.-Dora Kidd, 20
years of age, shot and fatally wounded
ier father, John Kidd, 66, at theor
iomie, because it is alleged he wvas
beating a younger child. Kidd died
Eind the girl was locked up without
Ambassador Dumba's Recall.
Washington. - The Austrian Gov
ernent intends to recall Ambassados
Dumnba for consultation, according tc
intimations given to Ambassador Pen
field, when lie delivered the note fron
the 1United States. Such arrar-emen
which was in accord with Ambasb'do:
D~umba's own request for recall,
leave of absence, is satisfactory to thi
American Government. It is under
stood, however, that Ambassadol
Dumba would not return to the Unite<
States at the termination of his leave
Fate of Vilna.
London.--A lieuter dispatch fron
P'etrogradi says: "Thie fate of Viln
hangs in the balance. 'The latest 1et
ters received from there state tha
eannonading is heard without intet
ruption day and night. Blomb droj
ping aeroiplane~s are conistant visitort
Tihree of them have beeun brough
down recently. Tihe evacuation c
gover'nmnllt inistitutonus has been conr
ipleted and factories are being remos
ed. Thousands of workmen'alrea
have left. Tihe slipply of sugar ha
MRS. 'G. H. MATHI
Mrs. G. H. Mathis Is a wealthy
planter of Gadsden, Ala., wno is de
voting most of her time to educating
southern farmers in the matter of di
versification of crops. In this she acts
as the field agent of the Alabama
WANTS FULL DISAVOWAL
FAILURE TO GET IT WILL SEVER
Officials of the Two Countries Are
Holding Informal Discussions at
Washington and Berlin.
of the submarine controversy with
Germany depends entirely on Berlin's
aceptance of recommendations cabled
by Ambassador Bernstorff as a result
of his conference with Secretary Lan
Details of the conference became
known, throwing light on the critical
stage the negotiations had reached.
The Washington government was al
most ready to sever diplomatic rela
tions, but decided to delay taking any
step until Germany could -be furnish
ed the evidence in its possession on
the Arabic case.
Friendliness and candor are under
stood to have characterized the con
versation between Mr. Lansing and
the Ambassador. The latter now has
been given an opportunity to commu
nicate freely with his government,
so it may be clearly understood In
Berlin why officials here are con
vinced the torpedoing of the Arabic
could not have been a mistake, justi
field or uinjustfied.
Inviwofth viene th Unte
Stats Gant ahiss a wfteaty
plante was Gadadceato Cont e
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suterfrmnierinui the tett i
tuesfct of cGropsanti govrnen ato
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WITHH ARO RANY.E DY
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ofurns coereneo thoughoutathe state.
Teal vof wtham conmletbeame
knon, trowing lighrty o the rtia
stage the negotiationsforhadoreachedn
Toe W417ahintn gItewasen decase al
thosteadyho everollowedtic rela-e
dmletiondeid to tea toain voty
wod he eecee 60,000.sesio o
Govertino Mannwng, Mr. Lasn elec
nied fnralca withi govefrmwent,
vice thendrvdoingcounte raboie
wcdho haveide tat mistaepl hae
spen," or unjstfldd i tott
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notite phrnleon watidemnityv
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ture death an manumbe of theo4
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TO GREAT BRITAIN
PRIZE COURT DECIDES AGAINST
AMERICAN OWNERS OF SIEZ
WERE VALUED AT $15,000,000
American Owners Will Carry Case to
Navy Council and Expect to Win
London.--Virtually all of the Ameri
can moat aboard the seized Norwegian
steamers Kim, Alfred Nobel, Bjernst
jorne Bjornsen and Fridland was con
demnned by the British prize court and i
declared forfeited to the Crown. The d
cargoes were valued at about $15,000,- d
000. A small part was released to y
The case has been pending for sev
eral months. The steamships were c
seized last November, and efforts by s
the American owners to obtain an C
early trail failed. Then hearing began t'
in June and closed last month. r
The court said it was plain these h
ships were carrying towards Copen- F
hagen, when seized, more than 13
times the amount of goods which n
under normal circumstances would h
have ben taken to that port. The a
fact that gave practical and over- Y
whelming assurance that the goods
were intended to find their way to
Germany. One circumstance throw
ing light on the real destination of C
the goods, the court said, was that
the exportation of lard by one Am
erican company alone to Copenhagen
in three weeks after the outbreak of t
the war was 20 times rore than in r
periods of peace.
"Neutrels are expected to conduct h
their neutral trade during the war c
without false papers and with can- b
dor, and belligerents are entitled to
expect from neutrals a frank course A
of conduct," said the decision. B
The decision rroused intense in
terest among all the ,representatives
of American packing firms here as
well as those immediately involved, P
as no American m, at products have 8
been shipped to European neutrals n
since last May, and the unfavorable
result of the packers' case is likely v
to cause further stoppage of this d
HESPERIAN NOTE RECEIVED. t
State Department Contemplates No q
Action at Present Time. w
Washington.--Germany's note in- n
forming the United tSates that there
is no reason to believe the liner Hes- c+
perian was sunk by a submarine has
reached the state department.
Secretary Lansing said no action in
the case was contemplated at this tl
time. There is no evidence before
the department to prove whether the ti
liner was attacked or struck by a g
The German -note declares all re- T1
ports received from submarine corn- ti
manders indicate that there was no c1
submarine in the vicinity when the ti
explosion which wrecked the Hies- a
perian occurred, and expresses be- it
lief that the vessel was blown up by ti
a mine, in view of the nature of the tl
explosion and the tact that it was ii
Although dispatches from London
and Queenstown at the time stated
that the H-esperian had ben torpedoed,
tne explosion occurred when the ves- fin
sel was about a hundred miles out
side of the zone in which German
submarines usually operate, and so b
far as is known here nobody on board v
has claimed to have seen a submarine
South America Disappointed.
New York.-D)r. L. S. Rowe, secre
tar'y general of the Pan-American
Financial Congress, who returned
froem a three-months' investigation of
financial, industrial and commercial
conditions in South America, declared
thab in Peru and Chile especially, he
found a feeling of disappointment that
American exporters had not taken ad
vantage of the opportunity to build up
closer trade relations.
500,000 For Woman Suffrage.
San Francisco.--The Woman Voters'
Convention here adopted resolutions
placing the Congressional Union for
Woman Suffrage squarely behind the
Susan 13. Anthony Iamendment, and
recording the unalterable opposition
of the convention "to the introduction
into Congress of any other amendment
dealing with the issue of National
Woman Suffrage." A petition to Con
grness for woman suffrage 18,338 feet,
four inches long, with the names of
500,000 women signed to it, was start
ed on its way to Washington.
Prorogued to Mid-November.
Petrograd, via London.--The Rus
sion Duma was prorogued until mid
November, PresIdent Rodzianko an
nouncing an imperial order authoriz
ing the prorogation which had bee~n
transmitted through Premier Goremy
kIn. The last session lasted only
three minutes. A muttering from
some of the laborite and radical depu
ties of "it is crime," greceted the read
ing of the imperial message, but the
constitutional Democrats demanded
or Cold 'Troubles
Vapor treatments for cold troubles are
better than internal medicines, as the va.
pors carry the medication direct o the
unge and air passages without disturbing
When Viok's "Vap-O-Rub" Salve is ap.
lied over the throat and chest, these va.
ors, released by the heat of the body, are
nhaled with each breath. 25o. to $1.00.
22 NU/NEc NA M13 TRADE MKap
HARK GRAVES WITH MAPLES
'Ian Proposed to Honor Canada's
Dead Who Have Fallen in
How to mark permanently the rest.
ng places of the thousands of Cana
ian soldiers who have fallen in Flan
ers and in France is a matter to
thich the people of the dominion have
iven considerable thought.
From a member of the Over-Seas
lub comes the happy suggestion that
ince the maple leaf is the emblem of
anada, maple trees be planted over
he isolated graves and along the
Dads leading to the cemeteries. He
as already sent millions of seeds to
rance, and is to send more.
The species chosen is the sugar
laple, and so France in time will
ave a beautiful memorial of the
liens who gave their lives for her.
FACE BATHING WITH
utlcura Soap Most Soothing to Sen
sitive Skins. Trial Free.
Especially when preceded by little
yuches of Cuticura Ointment to red,
ugh, itching and pimply surfaces.
rothing better for the skin, scalp,
air and hands than these super
reamy emollients. Why not look your
est as to your hair and skin?
Sample each free by mail with book.
ddress postcard, Cuticura, Dept. XY,
oston. Sold everywhere.-Adv.
A Useful Head.
A Washington man has in his em
loy a faithful but, at times, stupid
rvant in the person of an old darky
Rec .tly, when the employer had
ainl; endeavored to get something
one 1 a certain way, he gave up in
"Zeke! Zeke! Whatever do you
link your head is for?"
Zeke, who evidently thought that
its was another of the troublesome
uestions that his employer was al
'ays asking, pondered it deeply. F
ally he replied:
"Well, boss, I guess it's to keep my
Alar on." A
Tobacco and Poison-Gas.
Writing to a friend, a corporal of
ie Canadian artillery says:
"What hurt us most was thg gas
iey turned loose. It made the air
reen and yellow, and it just chokes
nd poisons a man where he stands.
'obacco saved many a boy's life in
at battle. W9 began to feel pretty
lioky at the guns, and wondered if
>bacco would help us. We thought
'e would try it, and put a big chew
our mouths, and it made us spit
ie gas up. Now, when we notice
1c gas in the air, we put tobacco
our mouths, and it helps us a let."
"There are exceptions to all rules."
"I had a striking illustration of that
tct offered me only yesterday."
"I traveled with an actor two hours
efore he told me what his profession
Potash, sodium, lime and
iron are some of the vital
mineral salts necessary to
proper nourishment of mus.
cle, brain and nerves, but are
not found in proper abund-.
ance in white bread and many
-made from whole wheat
and malted barley --richly
supplies these needed min.
eral elements and is a deli..
cious dish served with cream
or rich milk.
Grape--Nuts food is splen..
did for brain workers, and
ideal for school children.
Being partially pre-digested,
it is quickly absorbed by the
system--going directly to the
up-building of sinew, brain
and nerves without overload
ing the stomach.
"There's a Reason"
Sold by Grcrs