Newspaper Page Text
NOTE TO ENGLAND
IS MADE PUBLIC
BLOCKADE IS DECLARDED INEF
FECTIVE, ILLEGAL AND INDE
A STRICT ACCOUNTABILITY
United States Cannot Submit to Cur
tailment of Neutral Rights.-Great
Britain Must Hew to Line.
WVashington.--''he l'itei States in
its latest note to (real Britain just
maIe public here covering (xhaustive
lBritish Il'ineferenOcet wvith American
trade since the beginting of the Fuiro.
pe'anI War. deciares that the so-called
blockade instituted by the Allies
against eenmy countries on March i.
is "'Ine.ltive. illegal and indlefenls
ible." Notice is served that the Al
elical Govelnlent "c'aliiiot Suhtn11it
to the curtail meln t of its neout ral
rights," and it cannot "With compliac
ence suffer fi:rther subordination of
its rights and interests."
Ambassador Page to whom the note
was sent by special messenger for
delivery to the Lndon 1 Ioreign Af
five, Was instructed by Secret ary
Lansing "to impress most earnestiv"
11pon the British Government that the
United States "must insist the reli
tions between it and ills Majesty's
Government he governed, not by a
policy of expediency but by those es
tablished rules of international con
duct to which Great lIritain in the
past has ield the ll'nitt'd States to
account when the latter nation Was
t belligiren t engagod ill a striiggl'
for nutional existent'ce."
)eclaritig the U'nited Stats "'unhes
itatingly assumes" tihe task of chaml
pioning the integrity of neutral riglhts.
the note proclaims that the Anerican
Government Will dI 'vote its 01rgit's
to th' task. exercising always an im
'T'le note, inl' ly 15.0100 words in
length, was ade public hy agree0
moelt t between the State D)epartinent
and the Biritishl i'sregn Offic e. it
carries with it a Voluminous alr'j':.
dix, giving the text of \ia('1 niaval
instrlulttion issued1 ill iSl2 andi a sum
l1alry sIni table showing tillr.iltOeds of
ves-is ettaie:d l'y irit ishi allthori
tics sie lhs' beg'illllg of the p:es
The f'ody of the nots' is divid1 into
:15 point::. tialitiu: with all phase's of
thel conl'rah~a (tl qu"-tion. s'i-zure'ts andt
doteitons. ;'lior t o, as wi'll as aft'r.
the so-called. blotka e' was in-itu' 1.
and anlilnt 's that a st parate ::
mnunienationr will bo sent -o,m Glin
par'ticular'ly with thlt "p'ropri' ty ant;
right of the British G vt *V.-:'nti110U tit
inehnh-l in their list of t ont~raanl of
war certain articles whis h hav,: bro11
BiG FIRE VISITS RALEIGH.
News and Observer Again Burned Out.
Other Property Oestroyed.
beiln: t' sec-ond timei the plans has
beent wrectkedt by fire' within loss than
tion that hurr1 the ne iwsiapeor p''
ings andi i!"- ': a toal ioss of -
aethe' I: .. ;'-mi 'lnom anyv-'s .
ing house and - ai.Cx to th- Ra
('rystai TPh oaitor. Htaptist P,,-' .- -
andI the Jr. L. (E'iuinn 4.w -pr
inl whit-h was storc-iu: -.
Nothing wa sav.- i -a --, - s
thle mailing list arAtri :-,as
The sUtt Is a vrr ia- -~.
nerariy 50.000 voiilm--t e,f ..
cour1't reo rt1)!s . stevt-ral th :- .- - .
11mes' of mils. ellanieouls law ar.:- -
Publientions, andl ai largo- '- - U
wiitte paper ulsedi iln connrict i 'n
the state pr1 inting. Theil ss i8 II. i-.
$0.00fi inl a.'tual value and the it.
ance Is $19.Ooo.
Food in Mexico City.
manlly oIf tile gov'-rnran.t food stationst
inl Mexico ('ity was5 annl..'r.-cl ill(18
fident ial1 a gency hier.. It.-oa ono
tranlspor~tatiion ft ii ae.
ation of till value o lf ' .a- ionatl
currency, thle messa:1ge >ai adl me
ducedl footd prtces to such1 an -xtentt
that. It wast consideredl ntcetssairy te
mlahlintai onily ai sifltelnt numtbe'r iii
tile government stattons to guardl
against pr'ie~ mantlipulations.
DIsarm Panama police.
-IPaamaa--Disarmliamen~t of the Pan
ama nautional poli1ce 111s been1 virtual
ly agr'eed upon0 betw'Veln that eOlutr:
and thlt United' States- Policemec
hlerellftr 1'will be armedi't only wvith rt
volveCrs aind baltons.
It Is unlderstood that Pailna agree
to giva ilp the high-powered rfik
wichl h)ither01to have beenl used ulndl
negotiatlins wIth the Uilted Stat<
who desire to prevent further riots
certain parts of Panama City nadl C
Ion where unarmed solers have bee
ki lied and wnnnanaed
COUNCIL OF GREEK
KING URGED ZAIMIS TO RETAIN
THE PREMIERSHIP BUT HE
'GERMANS ON DEFENSIVE
Germans on the Defensive In the East
and West. But No Large Battles
London.-Another 24 hours have
compliated rather than clarifled the
situation it Greece, the attitude of
whose King is causing the Allies
King ('onstantine urged MI. Zaitnis
to retain the Premiership. I. Zailmis
declined to acqiuesce. however. ac
cording to Athens. whereupon the
King called a council of Ministers.
the deliberations of which may or
may not determine whether Greece is
to align herself against Bulgaria or
persist in her attitude of "benevolent
neutrality" which means that though
the Allied troops may cross her soil
her armies will not aid them in driv
ing the lulgarians front Serbia.
Meanwhile the Serbian northern
army is being slowly but surely
groundti down before the combined
pressure of the Austro-German and
Btulgarian forces. The fate of Nish
hangs by a hair and it is only at
the southern end of the battle front
that the Hulgars are meet itg with
any reverses. There, according to
reports. the British are co-operating
with the French. but as heretofore.
these reports are unotTicial and frag
If the ltulgar-Teuton tide is turn
ed. the best opinion here Is that it
will be some weeks henc". Hiut giv
ing the Alflies a ionth's time. It is
argued they ean thirow three hun
dred thousand, perhaps five hundred
thousiand men into Serbia. not in
tl uhliti 1illssialns. a a'l siithl a t ircnm
stantce- not only step the advance of
the 'entral I ow ers bt prevent 11ti
gar as :a cpatjt ion of Serti a ~Mace
Th- (erna-is maintain the dfen
Sie inl thle -:ast in:d West. In niither
thei.e:- hwver-. are an'y la:re bat
'ies a i:g pae
'The Tu:rks t::ti::ue - peraIenl
.:i" i::. th.e T D rdia"-.lles m ies1. 11he
OVERMAN TO CALL AN. WILSON.
To Taik With Presiert :n-e p-c.
of \ ..: .: :. 'l b
about th" 1'-;a-- .:1
Soil at r (Ti ye ::. i'a t liv
\ ta m athy
nx-- ~~) w -*des! me
H--v - n- 'Epprovaclko
- .- ':n,''ially to tht! par
-. i. v il r-albj,.( tor loyapul v
!st la wO''i. tr-h laege
xp'a'leuw~ thia(ir I \'yiijiati
to n r ire 'N : t r .l ' i na).f:i
lir ai zaporuin '-hi Ia!e' -
co'ffillI'..,'- ' a1 ,~i Oji tr haru- f
all iaai)i \t -iit
OI': ,fa.l hilt IwI. v 1t~aa ~r I
*t'r a l *. l' to , ea | * h } .,*
betw. e in1tr t e 1 31 , n a
joni lagt 4 Tnearlay ' l .',. ;,as
the prospc-t' for 1916 I wer~ dlt,-nI:co'eI
Whtile lil plans w''re r'eesl'-.jI J,
10ad( r p'-Ilrofessed( to fool frit b 'h r a 'ur
age byO~ the Outlook. Manly r,t thern
will comeyi together here Vwh-n the
natitonal committee meetn in J,~j it. -rn
Edison Seleczted to Receive PrIze.
Lonidoni.--.Thtomain A. I'adlson han
been selected by Swedeni air rec~liint
of one of tis year's Nobel parizos. 'Then
dispatcht from ('openthiagon at~Innoe
thalt lisoni will re'eivo one0 of thle
phlysd., prizes, the other going ta
Nilikoi TPesla, thte famnous Italian inven-.
S tor. Other pirizea follows:
ur Llteratutre. Romain Rlollanci
F krench. Oendrik Pontoppidlan andio
Tl'rocia Lutd, Danes and Verner von
H Inodeniam 8 Swede; Chemistry
D Professor Thoeedor Svedberg, Swvedisl
"AN' THIS TOM FE
WANTS DURABLE PEACE
NEW PREMIER ROUSES DEPUTIES
TO ENTHUSIASM BY DECLA
Aristide Briand Is Favorably Received
and Declaration Given Vote of 515
to 1 Amid Great Applause.
l'aris.-The ministerial declaration
made by Aris-tide 3riand. the new
Premier, was favorably received in
both the Chamber of Deputies and
the Senate; and a vote of contidence
of 515 to 1 was given the government
amid great. applause. The Premier's
announcement that "*Frace will not
sign a pcace agreement until after her
restoration by right of victory. and
until she shall have obtained all
guarantees of a durable peace," was
greeted with cn1thusias:n.
M. lenaudel. the Socialist leader.
in a speech declared that France
should annex none of the terriory
e:lp tured from enemin es of France.
This was taken to mean that the
Socialists were opposed to the recov
ery of Alsace and Lorraine and the
deputy's Utterances brought forth tu
mu:t and violent protests.
When order had been res:ored there
o another outburst of enthusiasm
folowing a reply to M. Renaudel by
Depu'ty Andre Maginot, who is still
suffering from a wound received in
bat;... In the nane of the soldiers
:t the front. M. Ma inzt declared that
M. tenaudel had no c.u-honity to sp-ak
for :e :
1)-.ties naude:. lnie Consyt.ant
and I V:-:ell a tacked L:* ce'nscpsbiip.
.:1d de't.anided t:, :1; ere should b'
e ri2 e } Ii--ty of Lbe- prey on politi
1et ti. 1i :'Ie peiit.tl na ot S. t,
1.ial:y hostt 1, ic"c ( (-abin.t but 1." m 'r'
:i the~ tnature of reque'sts for~ gu~
l'it~aho1z to Sl1V (ltar !!i. r. 'ii !*
He'~ ' '.' I- -a t t epy n t :
LANbING,'& NOTE EMPHATIC.
bra' p Patsiages Protet~ Fe~ue of
?. ~t l vi -:. jO '2z'.j(rd '.r
*. . . p'o' J& of Nortjher J, 1-.u
*uil.t' rd 4g()() (jAlp.
'Cveisa no' 4 ed byj t~ihe warjq; offic .
Washintn- (itrnd Whitmck.Am
I 'r ic minb ( to Iiirhanj ,Oable the,.
t.to depart.nent that'(, il thewas prpar
'Vng t rtur 'toj I.hel yr el'ste d t ingfo
M.Whtlock'sCom cison Vctonrtur
horndh adIxn. Jthe ideparItmen, Am
ton.a Oniaa had(t o el knwn c bof he
hetath~ for somet (l thno andi t sieer
week t o heurn~ h was is'ttto~ totv
whnnvaa rn hn ennd it of n ..~...l.....
R LAFE AND MARY"
~ -"12// -
WOMEN MEET BIG DEFEAT
GOVERNOR WALSH OF MASSA
CHUSETTS, DEFEAYED BY
New York Defeats New Constitution,
and Elects Republican Legislature
and Three Congresmen.
Charlotte.-Amiendiments to the Con
stituttions of the state of New York,
Pennsylvania and Mlaseachusetts to
enfranchise women met overwhelming
defeat at the hands of the voters,
while the - amendment to the Ohio
constitution for statewide prohibition
in that state met a similar fate.
The dropping of the majority
against woman suffrage in Pennsyl
vinia to aprorimiately 50,000 and the
failure of the Progressives to poll
enough votes in the Massachusetts
gubernatorial race to maintain their
legal standing as a political party are
the outstanding features of the latest
returns from Tuesday's state elec
Throughout the day the majority
agaiust suffrage in Pennsylvania esti
mated at times as high as 200.000, die
creased. This wit~h the additional
news that 25 out of 67 counties in the
state had carried for suffrage, gave its
supporters great encouiragement.
Although suffrage was defeated in
New York more than 500,000 votes
were cast for it. The majority against
was about 175.000.
In M assachusetts womans' suffrage
was defeated by a majority of 13:?,
0S3. the vote being 163,406 for and
';"".4 e against.
In 0': o statewide pt'ohibition was
defe-ated by a majority estimated on
almost cOmplete return- fro:n, :0.000
O'e :slt f h m t eetin
fe, Ja . I. Wa.b -~-icr t o
Newa Yokedeats he Co-nsttutin,
Sand Elect Roepublica Legwislatrey
nd Thre Corrngresn. eort
Ch tardot.'Ame.dWeltler, itheubon
stit.utions ofte state o Nsebyrk
Pen.na ar:ndplt reacrnsev t.o
- teubcas telandso theia A.ts
while dtttheementy-othird Ohio
The dropping8 of tho5 ajoritby
ainvt womin whuchwralge inhem cn
fare of the Proresses o olnt
guernari Naceotk maint thei
legal Sta~ivngs a oiticalu paromr
the otsnligubfeaturestr of the ts
s rturst mTe.as sae lc
Throld uou t he late mcountyn
agistt suffrae in aPtenylvhnaestby
med t timch ashih,000.0J0 (
cesd.ts om the dditiona on
newst thert wil out of6 hotes injorht
stateehadnaarried -orusfae, leged its
greoncnet of prhcibit. egaa
tin ffsctiv rawe whe detatede dry
NeRorkeor Va-thn 500,000 voe
Weer calrt h marorWet agint
In maes tobectme effectsv Duffra
&a Wesen h hspae&Oi
and the atimor by& mhdort ofwy 1on,
ora out Noeber 15,40 forndt
ani annonceenimde b oii aso
dlth Nmaorfok&ietyr ered onax
imu advance rf1 ents arji ton,00t0
said, w ll b osed thouhte l ti
moe Ohi -wi nt seek hi that I
'ma '"D r m a-.Ihiort o
WILSON SPEAKS ON
CALLED UPON ALL CLASSES OF
MEN TO SUPPORT BIG
BEST OPINION IN COUNTRY
Defense Program Represents Best
Professional and Expert Opinion.
-Should Interest All.
New York.--President Wilson open
ed the Administration campaign for
its national defense program in a
comprehensive and carefully prepared
address delivered there at the Man
hattan Club banquet. He declared
solemnly that the United States had
no aggressive purposes, but must be
prepared to defend itself In order to
assume "fulil liberty and self-develop
ment.' Significantly, he said that
"with ourselves in this great matter
we associate all the peoples of our
own hemisphere," adding that " we
wish not only for the United States
but for tnem in the fullest freedom of
independent growth of asction."
The president was received with
enthusiastic applause as he entered
the banquet Ball and during his ad
dress. The hall was decorated with
American flags and filled even to the
galleries with Democrats happy over
their victory of Tuesday in New York
City. When the president arose to
speak every one applauded until he
was forced to signal far quiet.
"Within a year," said the president,
"we have witnessed what we did not
think possible, a great European con
flict involving many of the greatest
nations of the wor'd. The influences
of the great war are everywhere in
the air. All Europe is in battle. Force
everywhere speaks out with a loud
and imperious voice in a titanic strug
glo of government and from one end
of our own dear country to the other
men are asking one another what our
own force is, how far we are prepared
to maintain ourselves against any in
terference with our national action or
The president called upon "men of
all shades of political opinion" to ral
ly to the support of the defense pro
gram. He said it represented "the
best professional and expert opinion
of 'the country" and gave warning
that "if men differ with me in this
vital matter, I shall ask them to
make it clea.: how far and in what
way they are interested in making
the permanent interests of the coun
try safe against disturbances."
There is no need for the country to
feel panic-stricken, the president de
clared: because it stands in friendly
GREEK CABINET RESIGNS.
Premier Appealed for Vote of Confi
dence in Government and Lost.
L-ondon.-The defeat of the Greek
government In the chamber of depu
ties and tihe consequent resignation of
the Zaliris~ cabinet is the latest sensa
tionl afforded b~y the IBamans.
While of course it was understoodl
that Eleutherious Venizelos, the former
pr(eir, had it in his power to turn
the gove-rn ment out wvhenever he so
oc'sired, having the majority in the
"harnber at his back, tihe fall of Zai
inis Caire unexpectedly as it was be
ifve'd that the leader of the majority
hand decided to accord tihe premnier suf
fientI suipport to enable him to re
main in office for tihe present at least.
As so often happens, however-, a
vote of confidence was dlemandled by
tile government on a matter of minor
irportance--somne dlifference of opin
ion between M. Venizelos and the min
later of war, General Yanakitsas on
military proposals-and the govern
menuit was defeated by a vote of 147 to
Fight In Haiti.
Washilngton.-P-irivate WV. L,. Dud
slhek of the marine corps. wvas serious
ly wounde~d and five Haltiens were
killed in a fight between ia marine pa
trol and natives near Le Tr'zou, Hlaiti.
itt-ar Admiral Capterton reported that
qiet prevailed elsewhere in the
Did Not Have Enough Help.
Tloston.-Iltear Adlmiral William N.
Little, retiredi, charged with neglect
and careless mnethodsa in su erintend
lng the construction of subma'ine K-2,
did( nIot 1has sufticient help in h-is in
51pecdtion work at 'the Fore River Ship
'buildig plant, accordhing to Lieut.
Warrc'n C. Child, who testified before
the (ouirt martial. it was impossible,
ho said,. for Adimirail ITittle even with
se-von assistants, to inspect every
Piece of metal that wvent into the con
strutction of a battleship, etc., which
we're under his charge.
Will Press Fay Case.
Newv York.-Prelimin ary examina
tion of ltober-t Fay and1( three other
prisoners under arrest here accused of
donslircey to blow uip vessels carry
ing war- munitions to the Allies was
post honed to November 11. Counsol
for the defendlants objected strongly to
Lte p)ostponemient and demandedi an
immeldiate hearing alleging that the
comlplaint was defective. The govern
ment's counsel expects 'that the grand
jur-y now investigating the case, will
have disaposed of it before the date
VISITORS ARE DELIGHTED WITH
GREAT SOUTHERN TEXTILE
MAY BE PERMANENT AFFAIR
Mourntain City Will Be Selected For
Holding Annual Event If It So
Greenville.--'The success of the ex
position is amply demonstrated," saki
Frederick H. Bishop, president of the
Textile Exhibitors' association of
Boston, "there is not only room, but a
demand for both shows," he continu
ed in answe rto a question concerning
the expediency of having two textile.
expositions, one in Boston and another
in the south. "I think Greenville will
be called upon to make good on the 4
proposed exposition building which
would provide a suitable place for this
show to be held at regularly recurring.
The second day of the Southern
Textile exposition was decidedly suc
cessful from the standpoint of at
tendance and general interest. Dur
ing the two days .pproximately 9,000 4
paid admissions to the exposition have
been recorded. This number does not.
include the exhibitors nor the mem
bers of the textile association. Crowds.
literally swarm in the building from
morning until evening.
The third day approximately 5,000
people visited the exhibits. Although
the building has been crowded for the
whole time there has not been the
slightest accident and nothing has
marred the success of the exposition.
Visiting manufacturers, exhibitors
and others are of one accord in stat
ing that the show is excellent from all
The Southern Textile association of
which W. M. Sherard of Williamston 4
is president, held a three-day meeting.
Addresses of welcome were delivered
by Lieut. Gov. Bethea on behalf of
the state, Mayor Webb for the city
and E. A. Snyth for the South Caro
lina Cotton Manufacturers' associa
tion. Several hundred members of
the association were in the city.
It has become known that a regular
exposition building is being planned,
and that the exhibitors, manufactur
ers and others will be informed t
this city will afford the best o ic
commodations for textile show in
years to come. It is concedodt at
Greenville can, secure this Sou arn
show regularly if it wants it. Otl Re
desire of this city to have the exp 1.
tion there is no doubt.
Exhibitors are pleased with the fi t
show and are willing to have this
city, according to a statement made *
b~y a memb~er of the executive com
ittee, the permanent home of the
Southern Textile exposition. An ap
Iplication for a charter for the show
will be madec immediately.
Big Cargo of Coal.
Charleston .-Trhe largest cargo 'ot
bunker coal loaded on any ship since
the opening of the new pier of the
Southern Railway company on the
Cooper river was taken aboard by the
British steamer Whindyke that came
into thrs port last week. The Whin
dyke brought a load of iron pyrites
from Hluelva, Spain, to the Ashepono
Fertilizer' company. The ship loaded
1,600 tons of coal into her bunkers, at
least dlouble the amount that has been
loaded by any previous vessel. Wil
liam Johnson & Co. loaded the Whin
dyke with the, product of 'the Stonega
company, whose local representative9
2,000 Prepare to Vote.
Charleston. - Approximately 2,000
citizens had qualified themselves to
vote in the general election December
14 when the city registration books
were closed. Four years ago a total
of 2,700 voters were registered for the
general election. The last few days
there was a rush to obtain both county
and municipal certificates, the move
mont has been slow.
Paving Streets In Sumter.
Sumter.-Main street andl then
Liberty street will be the first to bn
paved from the $225,000 issue of bonds(1
for street paving, according to a de
cision of city council at a special ses
slon when this matter was discussedl.
Citizens from practically every one of
the main thoroughfares of the city
had petitioned that theIr streets be
paved, so that it became necessary
for council to (determine which should
come first, as the funds will not be
insufficient to pave more than a small
part of the pavIng requested.
Strikers Cause Trouble.
Anderson.-E. F. Cofleld, shipping
clerk of the Brogon mIll, was severe
ly beaten b~y strikIng operatives of
Blrogan mill. The trouble arose Over
shippIng of some goods which Mr. Co.
fleld was~ attempting to load on a
freIght car. H~e was attacKed by a
number of the crowd and severely'
beaten, This is the first Violence in
the strike, B. B. Ooseett, vice presi
dient was threatened by crowds and
rocks thrden at him but the mill
crowdl was fi,'ally controlled by the