Newspaper Page Text
TO DEFEND STATE
SAYS HE INTENDS TO CLEAR THE
STATE OF THE LAWLESS
FOUGHT GUARDS FOR LIFE
Hillstrom Said He Never Did Any
thing Wrong and Died With a
Salt Lake City, Utah.-Governor
Spry of Utah announced his intentions
to "clear the state of the lawless ele
ient that now infests the state and
see to it that iniammatory street
speatking is stopped.",
'IThe governor's statemnent came as
the aftermath to the execution of
Joselli Hillstrom. a member of the
1. W. W. and a native of Sweden, for
the murder of J .G. Morrison and
Mlorrison's son on January 1. 1914.
Hillstrom was executed by a firing
squad at 7:42 a. In.
\Vihe'n the officers went to get Ilill
strom they found he had tied the door
of his cel 1 with strips torn from his
hlankets. lie fought the guards
fiercely with the handle of a broom
he Iad snat('lied from anl attendant in
the c orridlor. but. when he saw the
sheriIT he hecame cain, saying, "You
an't blame a man for lighting for his
lile." Accompanied by the officers he
wa lked to the death chair. After he
w.a." seated they asked him if he had
anything t-' say. lie sai(l:
(en111enen. I die with a clear con
s(ic:tce. I never did anything wrong
in my life. I die fighting, not like a
coward. Well, I'm going, good-bye."
\\hen the officer started to give the
c(mniii tid to fire Hlillstrom yelled
''fire." 'lhe squad fired and the bul
lets pierced his heart. le was dead
in one minute and 1) seconds. None
of Ilillstrom's I. W. W. friends wit
niessedt the execution.
In his statement Governor Spry
"FEvery lawbreaker, every man who
defies law and order. every man who
Is opposed to law and order-call
theitselves what they will-will be
(iriveln out of the state. I am going
to See( that the work is started at
one. If the city officers and others
wlol ,' duty it is do not do so, I will
do it my"sIf. I am going to see that
ill thaiuliatory st ret speaking is stop
pIr and at once, let them call it
'fre'e s-h e ' or any other name they
The goVr('nor1!' said the militia
woul b " used if necessary to clear
the state of th1 men who have been
"wr iiting thro'atn: inag letters and mak
irg iruciiliaorv : eec hes."'
PROTEST TO BELLIGERENTS.
Americr n Note on Contraband ls
Washi ngtonit. -- America's protest
aga a t the placing of nearly all
a frt-ils of comma ierce onl thle contrta
hanad l is of' European bell igerents
w.'ill go to Germany and1( Aus;tria as
wvell as to Great Britain and hor
In the last note to Great Britail
regardiing interferences wilth neutral
tradle. Secret ary Lansing gave notiet
of ani initetion to make contrabiano
lie subject of a later comnmunicatloi
andl preparation of this dlocument al
readly is in progress. It lbecomi
knowvn that wh'len it is forwarded t<
London, virtually identical notes wil
bc despatched to the Teutonic Allie:
antd to Franice and Italy.
London Curtails Liquor Trade.
Londlon.- -The threatened ordler cut
tailing the sale or intoxients in Great
er London has been issued. Afte
.November 29, the trade willl be con
flnedl to five arid onie-hlalf hours oi
week dlays andi flye hours on Sunday:
Found Portrait of Washington.
Baltimore.- --. G. Cooper, a Ne'
York artist. dilscoveredl in a Blaltimor
second-hand shop a portrait of Georg
Washington painted by ltembrand
Peale. a famous portrait painter of th
early part of the last c-entury.
Villa Claims a Success.
Nogales, Ariz.--Tlie battle for poi
session of I lermosillo, capital or Sot
Oral, hias beeni In progress for two day
acc(ordinig to adclvices rece'ivedi at Not
ales, Sonora, opposite here, by Vili
offlicials. It was abo4 reCportedl thia
Goterial Ohregon, the (Carranza leade
wats t'epuilsetd in an enigagemnent niea
* ,anicn. ('ariosi ilandahi, ne-tinig Vill,
gove'rnor of Sonor~a, dieclaredl that dl:
patch(es re'ei ved by him indliente
that General Obregon had been (cOin
letely rotted in the fIghtinug north c
Increase in Coat Tar Dyes.
Washington. -- - Tmp~otantt increase
hii the produc(t Ion of coal tat' dyes Il
the U'nited States sitnce the begininin
of the l'~uropeani war' are reportedl i
anl official statement by the burteaut o
fore in andl domestic 'ommeri (ce. Net
Ily all tho Ameican coke ovens nti
nre~ eqtulpped to prodlite coal tatr base
from whic~h the dyes are tmanuftettu
(ed. Mleanwhyile, the demand for th
stame hises for the mianuifactutre o
-explosives has kept prices so high tha
6 the dyetrtuff' indtist ry has been hamj:
ON HIS MESSAGE
)EVOTING ENTIRE TIME THIS
WEEK TO PREPARATION OF
PLANS TO READ IT HIMSELF
Chairman Fitzgerald Wants Outline
of Methods For Raising Revenue
Washingtonl.- 'Tresi ent WVil.on will
devote his entire time this week to
completing his third alinutal message
'to ('ongre' ss. which he plans to read
persotially at a .itint tuieeting of ti'
B( nate' and lou"' til I)c't'eiher 7. 11i'
has gi n it si llt'tlelts (hit 1101l(' hlt
very iiit't',.antt 'Ig:1 gt'titnents he Iale
'Tit' l'res ntlt t is working hard to
have the I'l oKage in the hands of th'
pulti, ptranter befor'e Th anksgiving
Day. ili' has deid oil the (hi('f
feate a't'itft'r earetul coisilitatiolt
with atlvist'rs. and is now writing it
out eln his typewrit'r. No attt'in;:t
is ltwin g )ui' to Ital with all tle
(qutest il t pl'ssiig for solion :c'i. itir
the l'retsidet.l p(lns to roadl special
toissalge's to (ongri 'ess as ointasoias
Chairman l"itzgerald of the hol:sn:
ilplro riations mI m1'hi ittee. c onifd rr-ti
with t Ihe l'sid t. ' . Ftitz~g.-rah ia
urged himt to include in t t' mit i:i
as t i n otttitiof nt'iti et ton idit'r t! h '
for r aisil' rev-' hnis to' ile t h' alt
lpropriationls f O the 1,mi i rai,
1ati1on1al d ft'ns pl a n i so. if
Mr it. F ittrat dir t l att 'n t oI '
ali amet::imnta all thet sundtre t ivil
hill of !' ( \\rit 1 h a t lit' sa' that iin
<ats't e ton- it' aIipropatng s ex
t'(edl li( th estilinatl'l r' eenues tin lily
yva . the it .'re 'i t may:
"Adi thae thit' iongtlre s it mw 11 se it i
jdligiet the estimatedo appropria-"
ims oult ith least injury to tt'
imblic" serv'\itce ho rt e ed so as iii
brin that apoiptriation ts within th'r
est.i'ated revteniues. or, if such r.Pt
dn sution' e ntiot in his judgim nit .ra
tiaeuht withtout undue injury to tiel
pubali uirv that he may rtaoin
1)1(nd( to rongl s i. S uch1(1 loanls or n: ,w
taxes a. t1?a\' hII iwees(sarty to ''It'er
Progam de Ofic icilDinrsad"
cepti lt ion Annuned
ht'i w tas taken th \r. Fitz
giriht thathe 'tit tartshiont sh ol at
least indll-ien t 'ii .ee ally howl ht'
tho get tht nettiet t elrt' i:t ht ht'
raised,( and it Was colns;ideredl i..rh
alie that this would be toittne. thr
advisers of tihe P'resaident. hmovwl.
have told him)11 that stince( r'"venuel
m1easures inulst or'igi'aite inl the hou w-;
he olight not to a ttar to try thi
Mr. hitegt'ralti. S. !i tao 'nke der wate.
at l ai tllilit r f othe-r |b-ine: y .i
b-aders of on r s art' kno n tto bro
opposed to it eond- isue tI pay tfr 'it"
srit andlIutm tnivyw i leiom t11 . i r
GAYth WoNER sAl HiTEHUti. Ti eat
Pr'0~orm ( ho OiciltDinnes Oand lie -
ialeselgtitotaiilptsig at \'it; ii,, t,.
whicht wlit' bae dintnedrh. ite f
ter a. latpserofatdtio iyearelas enbai
dhanr e (from(t that o prviaorus, yearl
hd mhost tof (sa the (Inwa.Thei~
sitesd' by tinersadres lepsofthe wil
liost bein unotil Jaualr 7 tr thec
Nerman Glt, sadlth, nwi emisteo
t)the Whito loo wil tke oher plce
Ctalo thmem.lokd f ree
Gi'hce harin i (changei lhe prt
gramlthise yoers il hteiith o anelin
~of the diptat i recepi tione a ithe
forU(. thene u rally el o Thi deat-h
uretwasef heddo httitue of the 'tim
quosioilitofuivhing dipsloaths'i rep
reati-a lithy oppocigntions witnl the
wAllieo theop ae thnerigt ne
d orenof thred dioatic cops illc
hpea the tof1)1st of teic fornet
pattn by reresntatives lof thexA
ienendl Voutvo Bearstorff ithe
teman ambasadrs tol ba~e entite
to the erio Of onoitvtohe wdin
overommerctae Blokadet of Greece.
rCntMet oes."e acc~lorineto nw:~
govlermn in regagrd. oceti
<lnetion tochin clselythesecuf t
~-' JB .i- -
3,000,000 ARE DESTITUTE
APPEAL TO AMERICA ISSUED BY
COMMISSION FOR RELIEF IN
Women and Children Must Be Clothed
This Winter-Nine Million Whole
ly or Partly Destitute.
New York.--Over :1,000,000 persons
in Belgium and Northern Prance,
mostly women and young children,
must be clothed and shod by Christ
mas. If the garments and shoes for
those destitute people are not forth
coming at once, their sufferings dur
ing the winter will become desperate.
Such is the note of an urgent ap
peal issued to the people of the
United States by the commission for
relief in Belgium. The New York
committee have received from Mr.
Herbert Hoover, chairman of the
commission, the following statement:
"It appears to me that it is neces
sary for us to go frankly to the
American people and ask them to
clothe the destitute In the occupied
areas of Belgium and northern France
(luring the coming winter'.
"There are 9,000,000 people in these
areas and of these over one-third are
now either wholly or partially desti
tute and are today receiving their
food either wholly or partially with
"As you know we have set up
economic measures based on the
ability of a portion of the population
to pay for its food which, with the
contributions of other countries, en
ables us for the present to find the
bare minmum of food supplies for
the whole 9,000,000 people, but we
have no reserves with which to pro
vide clothing for the destitute.
"Even if these 9,000,000 people had
money they could not import clothes,
or the raw materials with which to
manufacture them, through the
blockade into an area under military
"It is a certainty that the undue
exposur-e of underclad men, women
and children to the bitter winter will
greatly increase mortalfly. The cloth
ing for these peole can be provided
'Only if we receive gift sup~plies for
the purpose. We must depend upon
the American people."
KING PETER SEEKS DEATH.
Tells Serbians When He Is Dead They
Can Flee or Surrender.
Saloniki, via London.-After heavy
fighting with the reinforced Bulga
rians troops In southern Serbia tho
French were compelled to retire at
two points in the vicinity of Gradisce,
12 mIles north of the Greek border.
Old Serbia Is lost and new Serbia
Is In a precailous condition, in the
opinion of M. JacowvschiefY, secretary
of the Russian Legation in Greece,
who arrivedl here from Mitrovitza,
western Serbia, by way of Albania.
The secretary asserted Ithe Fer
bins at Babuna Pass could not hold
out much longer, and that the only
hope was thant the Serbiani force c'on
cent rated at Mltrovltza would p~rov'e
to be strong enough to take the offen
sive and advance through Tetovo to
"The morale of the Serbains is
sp~lendidl," lhe cont inuedl. "'I alf train
ed r-ecruits marchi to battle singing
like veterans. Their adgedl King Peter
is fighting In the trenches, clad In the
uniform of a private, ie seeks death.
saying: 'When I am killed you can
flee or surrender.'
No More Merchandise for Greece.
Paris.--A I lavas d~ipatc'h from Mar
seilles says the goverhmment has ordler
ed the port authorities to accep~t no0
further shipments of merchandise (de
stinied for Greece.
Some Tasks For Congress.
WVashington.- evision of the Fed
eral neut rality laws so the dlepartnment
of justice 'ani (deal with offences diffi
cult If not implosible to reach under01
existing statutes is one of the tasks
Congress will be asked to undertake
at the coming session, This was
among subjects discussed at the cabi
net meeting and Attorney Gener-al
Gregory afterwards said his deplart
ment would ask for a change In the
Sherman anti-trust act so there would
be no question about its application
NAVY PLANNING FOR
TWO MONSTER SHIPS
IN FIRST YEAR'S PART OF THE
FIVE-YEAR BUILDING PRO
TO BE LARGEST IN WORLD
36,000-Ton Craft of the California
Class.-Cannot Begin Until Next
Summer For Lack of Steel.
Washington.--Tentative plans are
being considered ,Secrotary Daniels
said, for two 36,000-ton battleships to
be included in the first year's part of
the five-year building program Con
gress will be asked to approve. There
are no warships so large afloat any
where in the world. The biggest over
designed for the American Navy are
the 32,000-ton craft of the California
class, bids for two of which were re
Part of the increased displacement
in the newest ships will be due to
changed hull construction to provide
additional torpedo defense bulkheads.
While the ship's general charactris
tics have not been disclosed, they
probably will have increased arma
ment and speed. The navy has de
veloped a I6-inch ritie, and the new
ships may carry 10 or more of these
if developllents of the European war
indicate the wisdom of mounting
themi, The largest guns now afloat
are the 15-inch wCpons of European
navies, which the American 14-inch
rifle is said to equal for all practical
lMaxinutu speed of American bat
tleship now built or authorized is
21 knots, although European first line
ships go considerably above that. It
is considered probable that a speed
of perhaps 25 knots will be sought.
Secretary Daniels has received no
report on the examination of private
bids received for battleships 43 and
44, all of which appeared to be above
the limit fixed by Congress. It is un
derstood, however, a careful analysis
of the exceptions to advertised speci
fications bears out the indication that
private builders will not attempt to
construct the hulls and machinery of
the ships within the $7,S00,000 limit.
Neither ship can be laid down be
fore the next sulmmer, it is said, for
lack of structural steel, the war hav
ing swept the American steel market
clean. Secretary l)nels showed con
siderable concern over this fact. He
intimated that unless some arrange
ments could be made with steel plants
to insure preference for government
orders Congress might be asked to
act. An embargo on exportation of
steel until the government's wants are
supplied has been suggested.
PLENTY OF COTTON.
Germany Has All the Cotton She
Needs For Milliary Purposes.
Berlin, by wireless to Sayville.-Ger
manty not only hais all the cotton she
nieeds for military piurposes for sever
al years, but newv fields of supiply are
now open1 to her, says the Overseas
News Agency. Prevention of cotton
shipments to Switzerland on the con
tention that the material would fid
its way to Germany and he used for
making e'xplosives will hurt the neu
tral nation, but will not injure Ger
many, it declares. in commenting on
Swiss reports that the Entente Pow
ers have stoppledl cotton shipments for
"Competent German authorities
state that the German army is satis
factorily provided with cotton for soy
oral years," tils agency says. "In
addiltion lhuge quantities can be ob
tainied from Turkey by way of the
D~anube, and even if ali shipments
were stopipedi Germnany is provided
with thle material for an indefinite
Liberty Bell In Texas.
D~allas, Tex-The Liberty Bell has
left D~allas for Lake Charles, La., on
the last lap) of its tour through Texas,
four hour-s and 50 minutes behind
schedule. Large crowds viewed the
bell in Texas.
lilegal Traffic in Munitions.
Londlon.--A case having to do0 with
alleged illegal traf'fic in war material
andl involving the name of the Dukile
of Manchester, wvas heard in the Bow
Street ('ourt. Victor Sly was the dle
fendant in the case, char'god with
dealing in war materials without a
license. The prosecutor said that
Sly's office had been searched and
hat a secret code with the Duke of
Manchester, now in Paris, was found.
Thie code covered various war mater
ials andl many cablegrams had passed
between Sly and persons in New York.
Evidence Against Austrian Consul.
of tile activities of Austrian Consul
General von Nuber and his associates
will lbe made by the Department of
Justice as a result of the confere~nco
in New York betwveen A. Bruce Die
laski, (Chief of the Blureau of Investi
gations, and Dr. Joseph (Goricar, for
meor Austrian Consul. A diepartmlent
statement announcing this also said
that information had been Obtained
which probably would load to further
indictments for napasr fr.....
- o yriht.
SITUATION IS IIOP[[[SS
THE MAIN SERBIAN ARMY IS
ALMOST ENTIRELY SUR
ROUNDED BY ENEMY.
Only Two Lines of Retreat For Ser
bians; One Into Albania and the
Other Across Greek Border.
Loidonl.---13Othi the military and dip
lonatic situation of the Allies in the
Balkans are disquieting, if not criti
cal, a fact which doubtless, led to the
llriitsli Prime Minister, AMr. Asquith.
David Lloyd-George and A. J. Balfour
to Paris for a conference with the
French Cabinet and General Joffre,
The main Serbian army, under
General Putnick, operating in the
north, is encompassed on every side
but one, and being cut off from the
south by the Bulgarian advance be
yond Tetovo, must depend upon the
rough roads through Montenegro and
Albania for any supplies from the
In the south the Serbian position
is almost as bad. The success of the
Btulgarians flanking attack on I3ab
uina Pass and their advance from
Veles have prevented the hoped-for
junction of the Serbian-French forces.
This leaves the Serbians only two
lines of retreat, one into Albania,
where they may be harassed by un
friendly tribes, and the other across
the Greek border, where they are in
(1anger of being disarmed and in
ternel. It is to prevent the latter
eventuality that the Entente Allies
are putting forth every effort.
The lritish Government has taken
further action by the issuance of an
order that no Greek vessel, except
those loaded or unloading may proceed
to their destinations, while Denys
C'ochin member of (lie French Cabi
niet, who was given an enthusiastic
reception at Athens by the municipal
authorities and the people, is expect
0(d to express very firmly the French
view of what is considIeredl Greece's
unsatisfactory reply to the Entente
Powers' reqjuest for tile safe conduct
of both Serbian and( Allied forces
shiouldl they lbe complelled to retire
Lord Kitchener, the British War
Secretary, who, it had b)een stated,
was to back M. Cochin, is now re
ported in Gallipoli, although, accord.
ing to rumor, King Constantine ex
pressed a wish to see him.
BID ON BIG SHIPS.
Estimates on New Sniips Higher Than~
Limit Set by Congress.
W ~ashington.-Becaitse of the appa.
rent failure of pr1ivate bidders to keef
their piroposals withlin the $7,800,00f
limit of cost set biy congress for thiE
Ihulls and machinery of battleshiips
.Nos. 43 and 44. bids for which wert
openedl at the navy dlepartmient, con
struction of both vessels may be un
v dertaken at Government navy yardls
a Three government pilants submittef
a estimates within the appropriatioi'
tlimit, but only one of them, the Newu
e York navy yardl, 1s equipped to bulhk
The lowest private 1)id was that 01
the Fore River Shipbuilding Coin
e . pany, Quincy, Mass., wvhich submittedi
I- fouir alternate pr.oposalIS. 1'tachl was
s ' made1 undi(er stipulated modi(l leatio
.of thie depairtmnent's specifneat iomi
a which appiarent ly would bring (lie to
t cost. far above the $7,800,000 maxi
r. TIhe bids of the ot her two private
a bidd~ers, the Newvport News Shipbuild
.inig & D~rydock ('o., atnd the Newt York
I Shipbuilding Company, also propol)sed
.modi featiouis and a (areful study wIll
f be necessary before the exact cost of
(lie ships enn lbe (determi ned
Indicates Directtlon of Fog Signal.
s New York.-P'rof. A. Gl. Webster of
1 Clark University, Worcester, Mass.,
g told (lie atinal Academy of Sciences
a of anl instrument lie hlad perfected
f for findinig (lie directioni of a fog sig.
-.ial and1( whIch, lie expects. wvill rob sen
v travel of one of its greatest terrors,
a For years Professor WVebster- has ox.
-perimentedl with every kinid of sound
ai wave. The instrumient for tindling the
f direction of fog sIgnals, is formed by
t mieans oif a tuinmg fork arranged so
Sas to humi in a resonator by (lie pas
ae of ani electric current.
LAKE CITY LEADS
ALL LEAF MARKETS
LARGEST TOBACCO MARKET IN
STATE SELLS 4,908,426
MULLINS RANKING SECOND
Darlington Is Third and Kingston
Is Fourth in Official Report for
Columbia-Lako City has again
taken the lead this year ainong the
tobacco markets of the state, with
Mullins second, Darlington third and
Kingstree fourth. Lake City led last
year with 6,283, 500 pounds, Mullins
being second with 3,708,984 pounds.
The year before, Mullins led with
4,678,686 pounds and Lake City Was
second with 4,343,321 pounds. This
season Lake City shows 4,977,246
pounds, against 4,347,697 for Mul
The above facts appear from the
ainnual seasonal report on tobacco
sales in the state, issued recently
by Commisioner Watson for the de
partmhent of agriculture. The total
crop for the year, marketed to the
close of the season, was 37,995,284
pounds of tobacco of all grades for
which the producers received $2,765,
372.10 or an average price of 7.02
cents per pound. There were 24 ac
tive markets this year.
In 1914 there were 41,101,651
pounds marketed, for 53,979,303.82
an average price of 9.68 cents per,
The number of pounds, and the
average prices for each crop since
the records have been kept under the
tobacco law have been as follows:
Year Pounds Average
1909...........27, 43,694 8.35
1910...........18, 02,875 8.53
1912........... 24,337,912 10.90
1913 ........... 33,299,561 13.77
1914........... 41,101,651 9.G8
1915........... 37,995,284 7.02
"It is interesting to note," sai4
Commissioner Watson, "that the
United States Department of Agri
culture has published officially that
last year's South Carolina tobacco
crop was 3t,500,000, when the actual
sales accounted for were 41, 401,651
pounds and that this year the fed
eral final estimate of the er .s
31,900,000 pounds, when the actual
number of pounds marketed for pro
ducers at. first hand has been 37,995,
284. If the estimates of the federal
government on the corn, wheat and
oats crop and other crops for which
no absolute checks are kept are as
far off the mark as these figures on
tobacco, South Carolina has certain.
ly been raising 'some' (rops."
Dr. Currell Speaks to Daughters
Aiken---Dr. William Spencer Cur
:ell, presidlent of the University of
South C'aroltna, delivered a magnifi
cent address before the convountioni
of the South Carolina division, U. 1).
C., at the Thestone theatre on "A
Night without Fear and Without Rie
D~r. C'urell was the speaker for the
historical evening of the convention,
which camne at the close of a busy (lay
for the delegates, and in spite of the
downpour of raini the adldress was
heard by a large number.
Memorial exercises were hold ini
memory of deceased members of the
United Daughiters of the Confederacy
in South C'arolina and in memory of
Mrs. Stonewall Jackson.
Jury Makes Unusual Verdict
WVaterboro--A Colleton county
grandh jury, aftei' only 20 minutes (de
liberation, found a white mant guilty
of the mnurd(er df a negro, something
that has niot occ'uredl here sine be
fore the war. Quille Osteen, a young
wvhiite man of the upper part of the
county was conivictedl with reccom
mendation to mercy for tihe killing of
E~rnest Copeland, a negro. Many comf
ments have beeni madle on the ver
dict and a few parallel cases are re
called in South Carolina.
Boll Weevil In Chester
Chester-J. W. Wilson of Hiazel
ivoodl towvnshiip told of the ap~pear
aniee mi his setioni of the b)oll wee
vil. Mr. WVilson is one of the country's
well known int ers and is familiar
wvithi the ap~pearanlce or the boll wee
vil by having seen some of the in
sects flhat were brought hero a few
years ago from Texas, and is of the
opinion that the insects that bored
into his cotton bolls and~ acted in tile
way the weevil is said1 to (10 are with
out a dIoubt boll wveevils. Hie thinks
they caine ini shipp dI seedl.
Artillery Company For Greenville.
A comlpany of coast artillery will be
organizAed at Gireenville within tile
next week, according to- a letter giveni
out at the adjutant general's office.
Tile movement for a company in thle
Mountain City has received the en
dlorsement of the war department. An
officer of the United States coast ar
tillery will be sent to Greenville to
Jnuster in the new unit. Sever~al
months ago WV. W. Moore, ini a letter
to the war deopartmenit, proposeod that
fiye companies of coast artillery be or
ganized in South nann~a.