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GOVERNOR WARNS FARMERS
AGAINST LOOTING SOIL.
FAVORS COVER CROP.
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of South Carolina Poo.
pie, Gathered Around the Stat.
"During 1915 our farmers in South
Carolina," said Gov. Minning,, "man
aged to make a fairly good crop, with
the use of a limited amount of arti
ficial fertilizer. We can not hope to
continue this system year after year,
unless we arrange some way to build
up our soil with those crops which in
themselves produce fertilizing ma
"I noted in a recent newspaper ar
ticle a very strong letter from D. R.
Coker of Hartsville, in which he calls
attention to the lack of supply of
potash and the enormous price now
charged for it. I agree with Mr.
Coker that the best solution of our
present difficulty, due to the lack of
artificial fertilizing material, is crop
rotation, winter cover crops, ground
limestone, ground phosphate rock,
and more live stock. Efforts are now
being made to secure cheap freight
rates on ground rock and limestone.
These materials will, to a large extent,
take the place of the higher priced
acid phosphate we have been using.
"I wish to call particular attention
to the necessity for cover crops-oats
and other grains. I feel that the ad
vice of Mr. Coker that 'the man who
employs his head, his muscles, his la
borers and his teams in getting dur
ing the winter an abundant supply
of humus (in cover crops, leaves and
serf) upon his land, will be in posi
tion to solve the fertilizer problem by
using the cheapest of raw materials
(phosphate rock and ground lime
stone) with only a small amount of
the expensive ammoniates and avail
able phosphates' is most timely and
if heeded will surely prove of Vreat
4 alue to the farmers of our stat. I
['not too strongly urge thp neces
rompt action aloihnP'jiis line.
It' . late in thg _ dauon and if
any . W be -, we much act
Broom Factory for State Hospital.
Several patients at the state hos
pital will be put to work making
brooms before the end of the present
month. C. Fred Williams, M. D., su
perintendent of the institution, has
purchased machinery and the minia
ture factory will begin operation as
soon as it is installed. The machin
ery cost about $30.
The factory wvill snake all of the
brooms used by the asylum and no
attempt will be made to enter the
open market. The new mill will be
a part of the occupational treatment
system, which lhas worked with mark
"We believe that the operation of a
broom factory will effect a groat sav
ing to the institution," saidl Dr. Wil
liamis. Recently a small printing plant
was installed at the asylum.
Dr. Wiliams is trying to find light
work for as many patients as 1pos
Bird Society Secretary Busy.
9 Miss Belle Williams, state secre
tary of the Audubon Society, has r-c
turned from Rock Ili1i, where on Sat
ur-day morning, in the auditorium of
F the Central school building, she ad
dressedl the county teachers' associa
i ion; on Monday morning teachers
and studen01ts of Winthrop; at niooni,
- the primary schools, and in the
evening the classes in biology and
agriculture, the twvo latter talks being
illustrated. On Tuesday, Miss WVil
11ams gave talks before the children
of the public schools. In all she ad
* dressed, during the three days 2,500
pupils and teachers. While at Win
throp Miss Williams was the guest
of Mrs. D). B. Johnson.
Manning Appoints Game Wardens.
0ov. Manning appointedI the follow
ing game wardens:
Henry Kelley, C. C. Bolin, John
* Eastorlin, W. C. Johnson, all of Harts
ville; P. W. Coggeshall, Darlington;
Rt. E. Citrrigan and Will Kirkpatrick
of Society Hill; 0. C. Biryant, Doves
Ville; 3. FI. Blaskwell, McBee; Rt. J.
Scarborough, Lamar; C. F. Howle,
Darlington; J. A. Galloway, Harteville;
2t Raleigh Davis and 3. M. Edwards of
Darlington; W. B. James and Robert
Winters of Hartsville.
Wholesalers May Receive Alcohol.
"All things considered, the conclu
? -sion is irresistible that the legislature
did not intend, by the act of 1915, to
interfere with the right of wholesa'fo
druggists to handle alcohol under and
* ~ in, accordance wvith the then existing
law," says the sup~remne court, in a
decision by Associate Justice Hydrick
in the cade of E. M. Matthewvs against
the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Comn
many. The whole question in the case
was whether the act of 1915 prohlbits
Scornir~n carrier from delivering a
hidpment to ,p w'holesae druggist."
Taxable Property. Shows inrease.
Carlton W. Sawyer, hoeiptro f9r
general, received the abstracts of the
duplicates from' all the county audit
The total increase in te taxable
value of property, for the Whole state
amounts to $8,728,219. In ? numiber
of counties it will be, noted that the
total taxable property Is slightly less
than last year; the comptroller gen
eral said that this is due to the fact
that for a number of years there
have been tax executions for which
no settlement was made by the county
officers. The executions have been
cleared up this year and most of the
property which heretofore has been
carried on the auditor's and treasur
er's duplicate as double entries and
errors has been eliminated. The fig
ures show more accurately the actual
values for taxation.
The following statement gives the
values by counties for 1914 and 1915:
Counties 1914. 1915.
abbeville. . .$ 6,067,491 $ 5,997,432
Aiken. . . 11,475,220 11,460,252
Anderson. . 13,506,705 13,881,335
Bamberg. . . 3,239,810 3,207,470
Barnwell. . . . 6,373,990 6,204,450
Beaufort. . . . 3,491,550 3,508,296
Berkeley. . . . 4,145,735 4,310,634
Calhound. . 2,527,570 2,535,780
Charleston. . 27,293,952 28,277,597
Cherokee. . . 5,652,421 5,878,722
Chester. . . 6,813,983 7,055,322
Chesterfield. . 4,533,590 4,388,510
Clarendon. . . 4,235,990 4,045,515
Colleton. . . 4,254,160 4,167,730
Darlington. . . 6,599,440 6,593,560
Dillon. . . . . 4,041,500 3,959,943
Dorchester. ., . 3,243,664 3,235,764
Edgefield. . . 4,675,685 4,538,255
Fairfield. . . 5,402,779 5,422,709
Florence. . . 8,509,482 8,603,315
Georgetown. . 4,160,009 4,130,576
Greenville . . 16,515,505 17,316,290
Greenwood .'. 7,339,066 7,584,483
Hampton. . 3,299,151 3,278,744
I-lorry. . . . 3,291,243 3,288,072
Jasper. . . . 2,637,614 2,595,370
Kershaw. . . 5,240,208 5,223,379
Lancaster. . 3,544,580 3,777,215
Laurens. . . 7,325,906 7,342,169
Lee. . . . . . 3,507,865 3,509,285
Lexington. . . 5,570,470 '5,793,771
Marion. . . . 3,794.452 3,829,469
Marlboro. . . . 5,044,037 5,007,519
Newberry. . . 7,316,785 7,175,786
Oconee. . . . 4.903,130 4,887,660
Orangeburg. . 9,104,400 9,025,510
Pickens. . . 4,310,487 4,334,570
Richland. . . 22,731,712 23,203,670
Saluda. . . . 2,54T,367 2,548,405
Spartanburg. . 20,116,082 20,275,443
Sumter. . . 7,738,225 8.015.825
Union. . . . . 6,857,710 6,841,610
Williamsburg . 5,061,423 4,962,420
York. . . . . 9,136,738 9,242,249
Totals. . . .307,178,882 310,907,101
Fight Ililiterancy by Night Schools.
Miss Elizabeth Dickson, acting pres
ident of the South Carolina School
Improvement association, has just re
turned to the city after visiting the
schools of Cherokee and Spartanburg
In Cherokee county, Limestone col
lege, in cooperation with the county
department of education, is giving
special attention to the problem of
illiteracy. Night schools have been
established both in rural and mill
ceinmunities. In Spartanburg county
night schools are on a firm base, by
reason of a legislative ap~propriation.
This line of work is followved with
keen interest over the state.
On this tr-ip Miss Dickson organized
many local school impr-ovement as
sociations. The members of these
associations discussed possible con
solidations, compulsor-y education,
and other for-ms of school betterment.
Grunts Clemency In Three Cases.
Acting upon the recommendation of
the state board of par-dons Gov. Mani
ning granted two paroles and one
commutation. A par-ole was grantedl
to Ernest Humphtries, convicted in
Cherokee county in March, 1915, of
larceny of a bicycle and sentenced to
twvo years. A par-ole was granted to
V. A. Ross, convicted in Laur-ens in
Mat-el, 1915, of no"--support of his
wvife and childr-en and sentenced to
one year. The sentence of one year
given J. P. McCarthy by a Saluda
county Jury for' housebr-eaking was
r-educedl to nine months and five days.
Arrange For Meeting of Governors."
0. K. Laflouque, private secr-etary
to Goy, Manning, was in Char-lesion
this week making arrangements for
the annual meting of the "H-ouse otf
Governors," to be held at the same
time as the Southern Commercial
Not Boll Weevli at Chester.
Mr. Berley of the ontomological di
vision at Clemson College wast sent
to Chester by State Entomologist A.
F. Coniadi to visit J. W. Wilson's farm
in the Poden's Bridge neighborhood
and ascertain whether the weevils r
ported by Mir. Wilson are really boll
wedevils, but J. A. Riley, county farm
agent, had visited Mr-. Wilson's pin
tation, and his visit had shown that
while the weevil beat-s a marked re
semblance to the boll weevil, the clam
ago done his cotton was from cotton
anthracnose, a fungus disease.
Attended Teacher TrainIng Conference
John E. Swear-ingeni, state suiporin
tendent of education, and Lucco Gun
ter, state supervisor of rur-al schools,
have returned from Nashville, where
they had been attending foir thrtee
dlays the conference on the training
of teachers for rural schools. TIs
was the second national conference for'
this purpose that had been called by
the United States c-ommissioner of
education. Thir-ty of the states were
represented. The sessions were p)re.
sided over' by Mr. McBrient, specialist
in rural nelunation.
STRIKE AT MILL
STRIKE OF 675 OPERATIVES AT
BROGON MILL IS AMICABLY
-RESUME WORK MONDAY NOON
Federal Agents and E. H. Thompson,
Representing Governor Manning,
Anderson.-John B. Colpoys and
Charles Benheim, agents of the Uni
ted States board of mediation and
conciliation of the department of la
bor and H. D. Thompson, personal rep
resentative of Gov. Manning, announc
ed that a satisfactory and amicable
settlement has been reached between
the help and the management of Bro
gon mill in the strike which has been
in existence 10 weeks.
According to the agreement the
Brogon mills resume operation Mon
day, November 29, at 1 o'clock.
It is understood unofficially that the
management offered to resume oper
ation provided that all pickets and
menaces around the mill are removed
and provided further, that 10 men
employed formerly in the mill leave
the mill village.
It is further agreed that inasmuch
as sickness prevails in two of the ten
families that these two families be
allowed to remain on the mill prop
erty until the sickness is ended.
President Gossett says that the ad
justment of the differences between
the hell) and the management was
brought about solely by the agent of
the board of mediation and concilia
tion and by the personal representa
tives of Gov. Manning.
Shorthand Writers' in Session.
Columbia. - The South Carolina
Shorthand Writers! Association, which
was organized last summer, held its
first regular meeting in Columbia
Thanksgiving. There were present
many out-o-town members as well as
local members, and also many who
have not yet become members. The
program as previously arranged was
carried out with only slight changes,
and a cordial spirit of geniality and
good fellowship prevailed. The mem
bers of the association were guests of
the chamber of commerce at a lunch
eon at 1 o'clock.
The next meeting of the association
will be held at Chick Springs July 3
The interestijlg feature of the
meeting was the information that the
association intends to try to get a bill
through the South Carolina legisla
ture, at the next. meeting of the gen
eral assembly, licensing shorthand
writers. The purpose of the organiza
tion is to create a high standard of
efficiency in this branch of the
world's work; only thlose wvho are
found hlighlly suitable willl be admitted
Sumter Has Big Fire.
Sumter.-Flre totally dlestroyed
O'D~onnell & Co.'s store, causing a loss
estinmated at around $75,000. with inl
surance of $42,000 on stock of goods
The fire started in tihe rear- of tile
store near whiere tile stove was placed
and hlad madie muchl headwvay wvhen
discover-ed by a policemnl in making
ils round~s at 4 :30 o'clock inl tile mlornf
ing. When the front door was broken
0o)en by tile firemen a fewv minutes la
ter' the draughlt sent tile fIre up to tile
roof withl such fierceness thlat the
firemenl were' forced out of tile build
ing. Nothing was saved from tihe
building excep~t one bicycle out of a
stock of goodls valued at approximate
ly $60,000. The store hlad twvo en
trances on Main street, one sidle for
(by goodls anideloing and tile other
for groceries and1( crockeryware.
Double Tragedy at WIlliston.
WViliston.-HIinton Purvis, who shot,
and killed JTohn Bolen, is father-in
law, died( on0 (lay later fro mal gunlshot
woundl~ in~ the chest. Rolen was struck
several Itines with huliets' from a
pistol, while Pur-vls received tihe full
charge from a shotgun in tile 1)1east.
Methodists to BuIild at Greensboro.
Glreenwood.-Main Street Methodist
church hire will In the near future
hlave 0110 of tihe largest and hland
somest 1h0uses of worship in tis part
of tile state. The matter- of a ne0w
chulrchl buildling has been unlder dis
cussion for some time, but, owing to
conditions, tile project wvas postponed
but last Sundlay tile congregation
votedi to unlder-take tile building at an
early date. The ne0w structure will
cost aplroximlately $50O,000. Tile build
ing will b~e erected on thle lot now
owvned by tile chlurchl.
Negro Kills Two WhIte Men.
flennettsville.-West Coon, a negro,
shot anld killed twvo whlite muen, Ben
Parker anld,en Joh~nson. Thle double
homicide was at McLeod's mill, in the
uppler~ part of Marlboro county, near
Kollock. The shooting occurred about
7 o'clock in the morning and Coon
was capturledh 12 hours later. He is
now ini jail at JHennelttsville.
Johnlson was nhlout 35 years of age.
Hie is survived bly his wife and four
cildren. Par!ker was about 32 year-s
ai!l age and is survived hby hlis wife and
BOOSTNG EXTENIBION WORK
Series of Meetings to Show People of
South Carolina tho Efforts Put
Forth by State Colleges.
Sumter.--The inauguration of the
campaign to let the people of the state
know of the work of the extension
department of Clemson college, the
University of South Carolina and of
Winthrop college began most auspic
iously here when the representatives
of the three institutions mentioned
made instructive addresses to a large
and attentive audience. The varsity
quartette was sent with the university
representative and made a hit with
its excellent songs, which came in be
tween the addresses as a very pleasing
part of the program. Supt. S. H. Ed
munds of the city schools, chairman
of the Chamber of Commerce educa
tional committee, presided and intro
duced the speakers. He spoke of the
importance of the work which the
three chief educational insti!Jations of
the state were doing and this new
department which they had inaugurat
ed and of the benefits which could be
derived from it by the people all over
Dr. D. W. Daniel of Clemson col
loge was the first speaker. He put
his audience in fine humor by relat
ing a number of his inimitable jokes
and then went on to tell of the value
of co-operation between city and
country and college and citizens of
the state, the aim of the extension
department, he stated, being to estab
lish a closer relationship betwen the
two. He deplored the fact that in
the past politicians had been largely
instrumental in bringing about a false
relationship between town and coun
try, when the two should be in the
closest of relationships because tot
their mutual dependence. In closing
he pointed out that ideals must be
high, if high achievements were to be
Dr. W. E. Walmster of Winthrop
college spoke of the difference in past
times of the college and the non-col
lege man, saying that there was an
air of artificiality about the college
moan who was hnot trained to work.
Now the college aim is different. The
college teaches a man how to do
things, to take care of himself in the
world, to amass sufficient for his own
needs and to aid his follows. The
extension department went. even fur
ther. It sought to aid those who could
not attend college by carrying the
college ideas and teaching to him at
his home. This was the work tof the
college of the future, a work which
was being inagurated with the exten
siton departments of the colleges.
Dr. Joshiah Morse, University of
South Carolina representative, spoke
of ,the necessity of service, the key
note of his address being conveyed in
his closing sentence, the motto of his
university: "We live to serve." This
serving of the people of the state who
made the college or university .possi
ble was the chief aim of the college
and he told of what the university
sought to do in this line of teaching
and offered assistance to any !who de
sired it brought to them.
The meeting is the first of three to
1)e held inl the camp~aign, tile othlers
being schledu~led at Rock Hill jcand An
dlerson later on. The work is exp~ect
ed to prove of great value throughlout
tile state, as tile cour-sen ar-e free to
all whlo dlesire to take thlem.
Girls' Clubs at Florence Fair.
Florence.--Among tile attr-active
exhlibits of tile Pee Dee fair- were
thlose from thle gils of tile county wVho
have been w~or' thlroughl tile canl
ing andi cooking (1h1b). The winner of
tile first prize in this exibit. was little
Miss May Alice Reeves of Ebenezer.
She hlad a very attr'act ively arrangedI
booth ill tile cenltre of tile nmain build
ing on whlichI were somleinlg like 200
jars and canis of prleser-vedl fruits and
vegetables of over 50 varieties. Ther-e
were tomatoes, lpimentos, relishles andi
catsup, frulit preserves, pilckles andi
canned thlings. Little Miss lleeves is
only 12 years of age.,
Horry County Farmers Organize.
Conway.--At a meetin lg held at the
courit house5 of represenltative farmers
tile H-orry Liva Stock Impro)vemednt
Association was formed. iF. 0. 1 l0lli
dlay wvas elected pr-eside~nt; D). V. Rlichl
ardisonl. vice plresident; Rl. 0. 1 lanson,
secretar-y; M\. WV. Wall, trealsurler. Ar
rangements were made for inlstlling
a numb~er of dipping vats about. the
county and tile wvork of eradlicating
tile cattle tick wvill begin at once.
Killed by Concerte Bucket.
Chester.-Calvinl L. King. of Green
ville, aged 45 year's, was fatally injur
ed while In tile dlischarge of hlis diu
ties as foreman of constr-uctoin for the
Hardaway Construction Company onl
the Fishling Creek dam construction
work in Chlester county. Hie was
struck by a concrete bucket being
swung by a derrick lie died the next
day, Hie is survived1 by hlis wife and
three children. He hlad been connect
ed with the constructionl work at
Nitrolee for some time and was re
garded as a capable wvorkmlan.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
The -handsome residence of A. I.
Smith, nlear Clio, was destroyed b~y
Clarendon county has prepared for'
a great fair to be held at Manning
The Lacaster nlight school whichl
1has b~een ill successful operat ion inl
the large audiltor-ium of tile miill schoiol
buIildinlg during two night o outI of Oec
week for- the past three monlths; was
closed this week for the winter and
will 1be reoplened next spring.
MAS GIFTS . i
Wall Pockets for the Closet
A convenient gift which will be wel
comed by either men or women is a
group of wall pockets for the closet.
A strip of denim or cretonne is cut
as long as the maker may choose
and bound with tape. Strips of the
material, ranging in width and length
are bound with the tape and a deep
box plait is laid in each one.
These pieces are stitched along
three sides to the plain strip to form
pockets, as shown in the picture
above. The pockets hold slippers,
shoes, rubbers, hosiery, corsets or
small articles for the laundry. Pock
ets made to extend the length of the
closet door will hold everything which
usually finds a place on the floor.
Darning Bag of Silkalene
Two squaros of figured silkalene are
placed face to face and machine
stitched together in a ielled seam. One
corner is then cut off and the bag and
corner piece turnedl right s1ide out.
The edlges, mnade by cutting off the
corner, are folded over a small em
broidery hoop and sewed dowvn. The
bag is suspended by means of a fold
of the silkalene, with edges machine
stitched together and ends sowved to
each sideO of the opening.
TJhe corner that wvas cut away is
:stuffed wvith cotton or sawvdust and
bound wvith tape, making a cushion for
dlarning needles. A little piceO Of'
tap~e is sewedQ~ to one edge of it andl to
the bag, attachiing it. to tho opening.
This provides a re-eptacle for hosiery
that needis darning.
Bubble Pipes That All Enjoy
A smaill wooden rack, or one of eel
luloid, such as aro sold for holding
tooth brushes, a few clay l)ipes and
four yards of bright red baby rib~on,
serve to ilx up a gay little gift holding
promise of fun for tho young people.
And bubb110le lowing is not benreath
the dignity of their elders; everyono
indlulg( s in this pastime.
TIwo other ipes rnay be suspendied
from) this rack by shorter lengt hs of
ribbon and the man. wvho prefers to
blo0w smoke to bubbles wvill like a rack
whicht holds a fresh iiPO or one he
rnny offer bis friend.
1Y JULIA BOTTOMLE
DresserSet of Embroidered LiUeb
Heavy white linen (or cotton in cer
tain weaves) embroidered with light
colored floss, make simple and elegant'
dresser sets that will delight the heart
of the neat housewife. These sets'
consist of dresser scarf and pincueh
ion cover usually, but glove and hand
kerchief cases may be made to match
and added to them.
The scarf is a length of the linen
having scalloped edges buttonhole
stitched with. light colored floss. A
scroll and 51ower pattern is embroid
ered at each end and at the center of
the scarf, on one side.
A small oblong pincushion is cov
ered with two Pieces of linen, one
smaller than' the other, as shown in the
picture. These are buttonhole stitched
in scallops about the edges and eyelets
are worked in them. A scroll and flow
er pattern Is embroidered in the small.
er piece. They are joined by narrow
satin ribbon threaded through the eye
lets and tied in little bows,
Luncheon Set of Silk Muslin
Soiething new in luncheon sets is
made of stiff white silk muslin, very
small gilt cord and white and green
water color paints. It consists of a
centerpiece and twelve doilies to
match and is made in a conventional
ized chrysanthemum design. The
doillie aro small replicas of the con
A largeb ircle is cut from the mus
lin for the centerpiece and a few
French knots, of (lark yellow embroId
ery silk, are vYorked in tha center to
represent the Ga'mens. Three rows of
lpetals are outlined- on the centerpiece
with white Paint andl the tiny gilt
cord Is sewved with yellow silk thread
aslong the Outline or each petal. The
petals are crowded a little at one side
to allow three light green leaves to
1be palinted in. A little white lpaint is
brushed in at the point of each petal
and the muslin about the edge trimmed
away from them.
The (doilies are made In the same
way but on a smaller scale.
Roll for Doilies of Cretonine
for the housevwife and is useful to her
in more ways tihan one. it keeps her
doilies fresh and easy to get at. Noth-'
ing is easier to make, and very few.
equally pretty gifts cost so little.
The roella are usually made in two
lengths, one for centerpieces and
one for (1011108. To make one a
strong pasteboard tube, such as
used for mailing' is procured. Circular
pieces of cretonne are stretched over
the ends and pasted doewn on the
A strip) of the cretonne as wide
as the tube is long is then cut off of
any length desired. One end of this
strip is trimmredl in a curve and the
other left straight. The curved end
andh sides of the strip are bound wit).
The straight end is pasted to thle
roll, the cretonno wound once about
it and sewed down to form a casing
for it. liibbon ends are sewed to the
curvedh end of eretonne to form ties
for fastening it when -the doilies have
The ceretonne used to make the roll
shown in the picture is a striped pat
trn with small flowers scattered over
lihe surface. D~ark backgrounds wvith
gay flowers make rolls that do not
soil easily. The ribbon used should
match the flowers or foliage in the