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Y UNARMED MERCIHAN'
!HIPS OF PEACEFUL CHAR
WILL GIVE NO WARNING
Bernstorff Delivers instructions to
Lansing.-Score of incidents Are
Cited.--New Orders Issued.
Washington.-Germnany lias instruct
ed Count von Bernstorff to inform the
United States Government that the
assurances regarding the futiire coi
duct of submarine farfare, given in the
Iusitania and Arabic cases, still are
binding, but that they- apply only to
merchantment of a peaceful character.
The German governmncit is. understood
to contend that armed nerchantmen
have without regard to tlhe nature of
their armament shown themselves not
to be peaceful and therefore are sub
ject to destruction without. warning.
The instructions (irect the German
Ambassador particularly to tell Secre
tary Lansing that l3ritish merchant
men armed ostensibly only for de
fense have not assumed the character
of peaceful traders, but that on the
contrary they carry guns- for the spe
cial purpose of attacking German
submarines. To support,. this claini
the Berlin Foreign Office has sent the
Ambassador for presentation to the
state department a list of at least 20
Incidents where it is claimed British
merchant ships have attacked sub
Confldential advices received from
Berlin state that German and Ails.
trian submarine commanders already
have been given their new, orders and
that from midnight Tuesday, Febru
ary 29th, they are authorized to
sink without warning: all armed mer
chant ships of the eneuies of..der
many. It was said also tliat many of
the nibma rine commanders probably
had left their bases of vo-yages and
then even should the 11ited States
request the postponing of the openfng
of the campaign, it woull- be impos
sible to get word to man of the sub
marines. It was stated, however, that
so far neither the United States nor
any other nation had asked a post
AGREE ON ARMY BILL.
Regular Army With Peace Strength
of 143,000.-Federalized Guard.
Washington.-A growing tendency
to provide for a Federal army reserve
In addition to the regular army and
federalized national guard was mani
best in both 'the house and senate mil.
Itary committees. Members of both
committees said they favored a prac.
tical test of the possibility of forming
a federal volunteer army in peace
times on lines somewhat similar to
the continental army plan. The appa
rent intenstion to abandon the conti
nental project wholly was one of the
causes leading upl to the resignation
of Secretary Garrison.
The house committee agresed' upon
the general terms of a bill it expects
to get before the house inl ten days
'providing for a regular army with an
authorized strength of 143,000 men; a
Federalized National Guard which
reach a fixed minimum strength of
424,000 in five years: adequate reserve
systems for both of these'forces; and
organization of civilian training camips
with wide discretion reposed in thc
war department as to the terms of en
listmen~t, training and government.
WNilson Addresses Gridi'-on Club.
Washington.-President' Wilson told
members and guests at, a-iGridiron
Club dinner that Amdrica -oug~ht tc
keep out of the IEuropean :war "at the
sacrifice of everything except this sin
gle thing upon which her .character
and her history are founded, her sense
of humanity and justice"
The address was confidential, sinice
* the speeches at the dinners of the
Gridiron Club, composed of newspa.
.per correspondents, are not reported
* It was made public, however, with the
consent of the president and the club
because many of those who heard ii
urged that it should go to the country,
Dover Mines Sink Ships.
*Dover-The steamship Maloja, a
12,48i ton vessel, struck a mine and
Wank within a ha-lf hour two miles of
Dover. More than 40 persons were
ddowned or killed as. a result of the
accident. The Maloja left Tilbury
pnly the day before for Bombay with
all5is, 110 passengers of all classes,
- nd'a crew numbering about 200, most
of them lascars. Other passengers
were to join the ship at -Marseilles,
Another ship aiding in the rescue work
'is also sunk.
Plood Refugees Suffering.
-Natchez, Miss.-Cold .weather, rain
audc sheet aided to the suffering .f
tlfltod refugees in Teneas and Con
f~ord~aparishes and those in the back
ui well. Tehnporary shelters,
e nstructed from driftwood
'~r east off by levee workers,
builtu by retfigees along the
4ve',' %uly. negroes. Mbre appeale
~ indy material for build,
~ 1ft~*oa'6ppcteds byg~e Natches
ltie4rV' lttlet relief fe
Mrs. Brandeis Is the wife of the emi.
nont lawyer whom President Wilson
has selected to fill the vacancy on the
Supreme court bench.
WILSON DEMANDS RIGHTS
CONGRESS FAVRS WARNING
AMERICANS-TO STAY OFF
Leaders Hope to Continue to Give
Executive Free Hand In Dealing
With Grave Problems.
Washington.-Agitation in Congress
for action warning Americans oft arm
ed ships of the E~uropean belligerents
suddenly grew to . such proportions
that the Democrats of the foreign re
l1ations committee voted. to canvass
the sentiment of the house on sey
eral pending resolutions of that nature.
Sentiment in the senate in favor of
some such action, also was openly ex
pressed, but at the end of a day of
surprises, tension and agitation such
ats had not been seen iri Congress In
some time, the word came that Presi
dent Wilson still was unalterably op
posed to any such action by congress
and believed that hie would only be
embarrassed thereby in the negotia
tions with Germany..
To widely circulated suggestions
that the situation had reached a point
where the president would lay It be
fore congress, that Secretary Lansing
might In some ' way denine the attitude
of the government In a communica
tion to Senator Stone and that a time
had been fixed within which the
United States would expect Germany
to signify her Intention to abandon
the announced Intention to sink
armed merchant ships without warn
Ing, the uniform statement was made
officially that nothing had been de
terind uon an htteiuto
hensioBndeiisthe ifraton theader.
hitlaenronted wridth Wosiility
hafect fofil thedmncyatn polic
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for acin warninuAerint Roght arm
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wheredth pridentl woul layvember,
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ofwhce hveno't inhl drawnmun
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ective anh of the govenmnth fee
SYSTEM. AT. FULT
APMIRAL WINSLOW CITICIZES
WORKING OF OYSTEM BE.
WOULD TAKE FIFTY YEARS
Without RadIoal' Changes Would Take
long Time to Produce Efficient
Washington. - The United States
navy's whole system' of government
and operation, from education of offi
cers to questions of ship and gun con
struction, was sharply criticised before
the house naval committee by Rear.
Admiral Cameron McR. Winslow, com
mander-in-chief of the Pacific fleet.
Without radical changes, the admiral
derjared, a fully efficient fighting
force comparable to the British navy
could not be produced in 50 years.
The witness said the system of
education at Annapolis Naval Acad
emy was wrong and urged restora
tion of the old grade of midshipmen in
the fleet. Boys should enter the ser
vice at from 14 to 16 years of ae, he
said, spend two years in preliminary
schooling ashore, then go to sea to ac
quire the 'sea habit" from actual con
tact with things of the sea before com
pleting their educations ashore.
The polytechnic education now
given midshipmen at the Academy is
utterly unsuited, the admiral declared,
to the training of men to handle ships
and combinations of ships at sea. He
could see no value to be gained from
making all navy officers experts in
higher mathematics, and thought con
structors, engineers, and ordnance ex
perts, should be trained as specialists
and never be called upon to command
From the days boys entered the
academy, he said, a system of selec
tion should be applied to govern pro
motions, eliminating men unfitted for
the daring, nerve-racking tasks that
would be theirs in 'war. He added
that fellow officers should determine
these qualifleations and that a plan
of this sort was being worked out by
the navy department..
With two opposing fleets sweeping
toward each other over the sea for
an action to be carried out at a speed
of 20 knots or niore, the admrial in
sisted, there would be no time for
hesitation by any ship commander. He
told of how he trained a squadron of
four dreadnaughts he commanded two
years ago until his orders were carried
out within six seconds of the time he
gave them, 60 manuevers being carried
out in a single forenoon.
GERMAN ATTACKS CONTINUE.
Object of Great Onslaught li Great
French Fortress of Verdun.
London.-Along the front in the re
gion of 'Verdun the Germans and the
French continue the great struggle
which began several days ago with
the Germans on the offensive and their
aim evidently the great French fort
ress of Verdun.
Notwithstanding a heavy fall of
snow the Germans to the north of Ver
dun have attacked with what Paris
terms unprecedented violence and with
large forces, French positions at sev
eral points but according to the
French official communication the at
tacks were without success. Especial
ly has this been true at La Cote du
Poivre, -about four and a half miles
north of- the fortress, the attainment
of which wvould give the Germans a
good vantage point from which to
operate against Verdun.
The artillery on both sides along
the entire battle front is keeping up
an incessant bofnbardment of oppo
sing positions. 'So intense are the
detonations of the big guns that the
sound of them has penetrated east
ward to the left bank of the Rhine
in Rhenish Prussia.
Heavy casualities are being inflicted
by both sides 'and the Germans claim
that they have taken many prisoners
-the aggregate at last reports total
ing more than 10,000.
JustIce Kelly Defends BrandeIs.
Washington.-Louis D. Brandeis*
part in the New York and New Eng
land Railroad litigation in 1892 was
defended before the senate sub-com
mittee investigating Mr. Brandeis' fit
ness to be' a supreme court justice by
Judge Kelly of the New York supreme
court, who employed hinm. Those op
posing Mr. Brandeis charged that he
had been employed to wreck the road.
"Mr. Brandeis was not employed to
wreck the road," Justice Kelly told
the commitee. "it was already
Oppose Compulsory TraInIng.
Detroit, Mich-The department of
superintendence of the National Edui
cational Association at its closing ses
sion here went on record as opposed
to compulsory military training in the
public schools. The educators, how
ever, favored a plan whereby the
"American youth" who wishes to re
ceive military instruction can find ape
cial schools available. 'the action of
the department was generally regard
ed as a compromise between advo
cates of a strong military systein ot
Vuedness and opuoorente ogduch,
W. W. Venable, who fills the chair In
the house of representatives left va.
cant by the death of Congressman
Witherspoon of Mississippi, was elect
ed on a "preparedness" platform and
already has made a speech warmly ad.
vocating adequate natinnal defense.
Mr. Venable was born at Clinton, Miss.,
September 25, 1880. He was circuit
judge for the Tenth judicial district of
his state before he went to Washing.
ton. He did not take his seat until
the middle of January.
NEW BRITISH MINISTER
WILL HAVE IN CHARGE THE
BLOCKADE AND ORDERS-IN
Will Administer Order-in-Council and
Handle Trade Passing In and Out
From Neutral Countries.
London.-The government through
the Marquis of Landsowne, announc
ed In the House of Lords that it had
decided to turn over all matters con
nected with the blockade of Germany
to one man who wuold rank as a full
fledged cabinet minister. It is under
stood that the new post will go to Lord
Roberts Cecil, who since the forma
tion of the coalition government has
been under-secretary for foreign af
fairs. le will retain this post joining
the cabinet as blockade minister.
The new minister will be charged
with the administration of the order
in-council regulating the blockade, as
well as responsibility for the general
policy and practice of the government
with respect to trade passing into or
from neutral countries.
Lord Robert Cecil is a lawyer of
wide experience and a young muan, as
members of the British cabinet go. In
the foreign office he has been inti
mately concerned with the blockade
operations, particularly in their rela
tion to the complicated matters touch
ing belligerent and neutral rights. His
elevation to the cabinet will give the
Unionists another representative in
the coalition counsels.
The whole question of the blockade
was threshed out at considerable
length in the house of lords this even
ing. Baron Sydenham and Baron
Beresford making the principal ap
peals for a stricter blockade, while
the Marquis of Landsowne and Baron
Bluckmaster- defended the government.
It was Baron Beresford's maiden
speech in the house of lords and huis
plea was spirited and epigrammatic..
FLEET THIRD IN POWER.
Admiral Badger Thinks United States
Fleet Occupies Third Place.
Washington.-The object of -the
building policy formulated in 1903 by
the navy general board, it was dis.
closed before the house naval commit
tee, was to keep the United States
ahead of Germany in the race for na
val supremacy. The statement was
made by Rear Admiral Charles J.
Badger. a member of 'the general
board, who explained that the policy
had contemplated a fleet of 48 first
line battle by' ' 6 9>o accomplish
The sta a t .1.cgo into the
record of u -and Admiral
Badger di ..p'it to show
why the 1.' .1 iught such .a
cause nect - imiral was re
plying to . ~ that the ob
ject of the ',. andoned this
year- by tI *.] e1 first time,
was to kee a navy in sec
ond place. ias the effect
it had, lh e object was to
Franci l ; ussion Post
Washin ~ k Francis,4iec
rotary of V iir Cleveland's
cabInet, a ,.a rnoi' of Miss
ouri told - n t W Gon he would
accept thr n, - 9 sador to Rus
sia to sut~ - ,.' T. Marye, who
has resig: 'noa'nination will be
sent to th - aon as inquiry
can be in e f assian govern
ment as I he Is acceptable.
Mr. Lanse ed o the president
during ,th. '. vih Nuiator Rtel of
Missouri. r i he will corter *ith
Secretary ng Abont sle "a~.a
GERMANS AND FRENCH ENGAGE
IN ONE 'OF THE GREATEST
BATTLES OF WAR.
FRENCH LINES NOT BROKEN
Germans Force Back French Wings.
Ferocious Onslaughts Continuous.
-Heavy Tolls Both Sides.
London.-Inspired by the presence
of their Emperor and led by Crown
Prince Frederick William, the Ger
man troops are engaged in one of the.
greatest battles of the war on the
Western front centering around the
fortress of Verdun. Attack has fol
lowed attack -against the French lina
after bombardments, incessant and
terrific, continting for several daya.
While the Germans nave been un
able, despite the rain of shells and
ferocious onslaughts by the infantry,
tO break the French line, neverthe.
less the French on their right and
left wings have been compelled to
withdraw their lines, respectively to)
the south of Ornes and behind tha
town of Samogneux, six miles north
of the fortress.
Only between Malancourt and tLe
left bank of the Meuse has there
been and diminution in the intensity.
of the artillery fire. With Brabant,
Haumont and Samogneuv and the
.wooded sections north and northeast
of Beaumont, in their possession the
Germans from the Meuse eastward to
Fromezey are forcing the fighting,
seemingly regardless of cost of life.
The French guns have answered
the German guns shell for shell and
the casualties on both sides are very
great. The French official report de.
scribes the battlefield between the
Meuse and Ornes as' piled with Ger
In Champagne at several points,
and in the Argonne Forest German
works have been pounded by the
concentrated fire of the French guns,
while in Lorraine, the French repuls
ed a German reconnoitering party
that attempted to capture a French
post north of St. Martin.
On their' end of the line near Hul
luch, the British exploded a mine and
occupied the crater and also bom
barded German trenches near Freling
hien and Boesinghe.
PACIFIC FLEET EASY VICTIM.
Admiral Winslow Says One Battleship
Could Capture All.
Washington.-While the House Mili
tary Committee was taking steps to
ward getting its bill for increasing
the regular army and federalizing the
National Guard before the house withy
in ten days, the Naval Committee was
being informed by Rear Admiral Cam
eron McR. Winslow that the entire
Pacific fleet might be an easy victim
for one good enemy battleship.
Admiral Winslow said the force un
der his command was wholly inad
equate, even with all its reserves cal
e-l out, to meet any probable enemy
in the Pacific. Navy department plans
for meeting an emergency there or in
the Atlantic, however, he said were
confidential matters of strategy.
Testimony of Brig. Gen. William
Cr-ozier, chief of army ordinance, be
fore the fortifications committee, re
vealed that the war department plans
for coast defense contemplate placing
the heaviest new fortifications at the
mouth of Chesapeake Bay, which he
described as one of the several places
where "facilities for land operations
are so good that it is worth while to
especially fortify them to prevent that
operationl." At other points, such as
Rockaway Beach, New York and San
Francisco, he said 16-inch guns mount
ed in turrets would be added to the
Bank of -Essen Fails.
London.--A dispatch to the Ex
change Telegraph Company from Zur
ich says: "The failure of an important
bank at Esen Germany, is announc
ed, It is believed many Krupp work
men lost their savings."
Munitions Train Attacked.
Seattle, Wash-Attacking a Great
Northern freight, train loaded with
automobiles and war supplies for ship
ment to Russia from Seattle, in the
Northern Pacific freight yards here
six or eight men cut the air hose be
tween cars in five places, and cut 'the
train in four sections. The train crew
fought them aff and captured two who
gave the names of Sam Rusky and
John Ross, and their nationality as
Austrain. Officials said it was known
that 'the train carried supplies for
Emperor WIlliam With Army.
London.--Emperor William has es
tablished his headquarters at the Ger-.
man positions facing Verdun, accord
ing to information received from Ber
lini by The Evening News by way of
The dispatch which is dated Feb
ruary 23 says:- "It is reported that
the Emperor is more energetic than
oven, making daily speeches to the
troops and encouraging the soldiera
not to yield. I'is Majesty. is mainly
inspired st present with a desire to
defeat~tbe drdnqehdem/i * ans' cot"
Time Iti Pape ' Diaopstnoi
all Stomach misery In f
Do some foods you sat -it back
taste good, but work badly;. frieiet
into stubborn lumps and cause a si.
sour, gassy stomagh? Now, Mr, W,
Mrs. Dyspeptic, jot this down:, Pape'&
Diapepsin digests everything, leaving
nothing to sour and upset you. Thero
never was anything so safely guick, set
certainly effective. No difference how
badly your stomach is disordered you
will get happy relief in five minutei,
but what pleases you most 16-that It
strengthens and regulates your stom
ach so you can eat your favorite foodt
You feel different as soon as "Pape'f
Diapepsin" comes in contact with tbt
stomach-distress just vanishes-your
stomach gets sweet, no gases, no belch
ing, no eructations of undigested food.
Go now, make the best investmeri.
you ever made, by getting a large dfty
cent case of Pape's Diapepsin from any
store. You realize in five minutes how
needless it is to suffer from indige
tion, dyspepsia or bad stomach. Ad
"They say Bill married on a she
"Yes, and now lie's on his uppers."
Boston Evening Transcript.
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The Syste
Take the Old Standard GROVE'
TASTELESS chill TONIC You kno
what you are taking, as the formula
printed on every label, showing it
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. TI
Quinine drives out malaria, the Irc
builds up the system. 5o cents.
"Is this place heated with hot air?
"No, but it will be when you try t
get the landlord to put it in for you.
SYRUP OF FIGS FOR
A CHILD'S BOWELI
It is cruel to force nauseatini
harsh physic into a
Look back at your childhood day
Remember the "dose" mother i iste
on--castor oil, calomel, cathz tic 4
How you hated them, how you foxga
against taking them.
With our chitdren it's differeo
Mother' who olin -too the' old form
physic simply don't realize what the
d The children's revolt is well-foun
. Their tender little "insides" a:
.1jured by them.
If your child's stomach, liver ai
bowels need cleansing, give only de
cious "California Syrup of Figs." I
action is positive, but gentle. Millioi
of mothers keep this harmless "frr
laxative" handy; they know childri
love to take It; that it never fails
clean the liver and bowels and swee
en the stomach, and that a teaspooni
given today saves a sic'- child tomi
Ask at the store for e
of' "California Syrup o
has full directions for I
of all ages and for grc
on each bottle. Adv.
The Seventh Ag
"He is a very old in:
"Well, lie is in hir
MEAT CLOGS KID
Take a Glass of Sa
neys If Bladder
No man or womt
regularly can make
ing the kidneys o I
urio acid which e'e
they become eve
strain, get sluggis .' 1
the ,waste and poi l
then we get sicel. r
matism, headache *
vousneus, dizziners '4
urinary disordere ; g
The moment y oh
the kidneys or' - x~
the urine is ee . ul
sediment, irreg' io
tended by a sen ps
eating meat an',oh
of Jad Salts fr, y O
a tablespoonfi ' ~ a
before breakf wd
your kidneys /i
mous salts is ~ ai
grapes and cmi
with lithia, ue '
kidneys, als : ~6Al
tien, hus e*,' ' . gve si85B
JadSals *.* ;" an euiln.
Injure; m' <~ i yu eete
pure, hor o ~-a'or~ni
tin thuss e wa-raness.
kidneys el tidel tlie bloN