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TO ABANDON THE
Says England and Her Allies
Have Made No Restraints in
Consideration of Neutrals,
Criticises United States For
Not Trying to Prevent "Acci
dents" American Citizens
Have Met With.'.
GERMANY STILL HOPES
FOR AN AGREEMENT
Bogs to Reserve Further Conimuni
- cation on the Matter* Until Certain
Points Are Ascertained.-Clainis to
Have Made Several Concessions to
United States Which Would Have
Saved American Lives Had .They
Germany's answer to the American
ultimatum has been received at Wash.
ington breaking the tension of the
long wait since the United States note
was delivered to the Imp'drial Govern.
ment on April 20th. It is very likely
that upon the Teutonic reply hangs
the future happiness and -friendliness
of. the two nations.
Berlin, May 5.-Via wireless to Say.
Vylle--Following is the ' text of the
note of the German Government in re
ply to the American note respecting
submarine whrfare. -delivered :c0n
Thursday by Gottlie.b,.von Jagow, the
foreign secretary to, .Amnbsiador Qe.
"The undersigned on behalf ot -the
Imperial Gdrmhn Goverfiment has th
honor to present to Iis Excollency
JAMES W. GARARD
Uited States Ambassador to Germany
the Ambassador~I of the United States.
hir. James W. Gerardi, the -following
reply to the note of April 20, regard.
ing the conduct of Germnan .submarine
* "The German Governmenit handed
over to the proper naval authorities
for early investigation the evidence
concerning the Sussex as comrI(at.
ed by the Government of the United1
States. Judging by the reutsta
the investigation has hithei'to yielded
thet German Government is alive to
the possibility that th~e ship mentioned
i the note of April 10 as having igen
torpedoed .by a German submarine is
acttally identical with thi Sussex
"The Gornian Government begs to
reserve further communiceation On the
matter until certain 1)oints are ascer.
taified, which are of decisive import.
Ance for dstablishing the fadts'of the
case. Should it turn out that the com-.
'mander was wrong in assulming the
?epset to be a mian.of-war the German
uverament will not fail to draw the
cohequences resulting therefromn.
rik .conection wyith the .case of the
States miada' a series of staternents
tiV. 'zt- gist bf Which is the assei'tionrthat
b ~e iicident is ,to 'be cotisidered but
en'4fe tristancesof a deliberate method
ino erfnaedestruction of ves
s ~.els of aU sorts, nationalities and des
P 4 tinatioi by, German subruarine. comn.
9 ma gvenlngt ur- p.
c4sdiopud te the asqertIon , The,
Gpart'06 e ht, hoyevyer,. (hlnks
a nite ~ti
A.. WCEO 'To'j~~
U' UBOAT WAR0
the present stage of affairs, more Ipar
ticularly as the Government .of - the
United States omitted to substantiate
the assertion by reference to concrete
"The German Government will only
state it has imposed far-reaching re,
straints upon the use of the submarine
weapon. solely in consideration of
neutrals' interests, in spite of the fac
that these restrictions are necessarily
of advantage to Germany's enemies.
No such consideration has -ever been
shown neutrals by Great Britain and
"The German submarine forces
have had, in fact, orders. to cond'uct
the submarine warfare in acc6ldance
with the general principles of visit aid
search and the destruction of mer'
chant vessels, recognized by interna
tional law, the sole exception being
the conduct of warfare against enemy
trade carried on enemy freight ships
:encountered in the wart z9no surround
ing Great Britain. With regaird - to
these no assurance has ever been giv.
en to' the Government' of the United
States. No such assurances are con
tained in the deplaration of February
Claim Errors Occurred.
"The German Government cannot
admit any doubt that th.ese orders
were given or are executed in good
faith. Errors actually occurred. They
can in no kind of warfare be avoided
altogether. Allowances must -be made
in the conduct of naval warfare
against an enemy resorting to all
kinds of ruses, whether permissible or
"Unavoidable" Dangers to Neutrals.
"But apart from 'the possibilit'y of
errors, naval warfare just like war
fare on land, implies unavoidable dan
gers for neutral persons and goods
entering the fighting zone. Nyen in
eases where thie. neaval action is con
fined to-ordinary forms of cruiser wvar
fare neutral persons and goods re
peatedly come to grief.
"The German Government has re-I
Peatedly pointed out the dangers from
mines that. have led to the loss of
Some German Pepper in This.'
"The German Government has mnade
several proposals to the Gover-nment
of the United States in order to re
du~ce to a minimum for American trav
elers andl goods- the inherent dangersI
of naval wvarfare. Unfortunately the
Overnment of the Unitedl States (de
(cided not, to accept the proposals. H-ad
it necepted the Government of the
United States would have been instrui
mental in preventing the greater part
of the accidents -that American cit
izensfl have met with in the meantime.
"The Ge-man Government -still;
stands by its offer to come to an
agreement along these lines."
.Makes Further Concession.
"As the German Government re
peatedly declared., it cannot dispense
with the use of the submarine weapon
in the .conduct of warfare against
enemy trade. The German Govern
ment, however, has now decided -to'
make a further concession, a'daptinig
methods of submarine 'Wvar to the in
ercests of neutrals. - . -I
"in reaching this decision the Ger
man Government 'is actuated' by con
sideratbons which -are above the level
of disputed question.".
.Sacred Principles of Humanity.
"The German Government' attaches~
no less importance to, the sacred
Princ.iples of humatify than the Gov
ernment ok th~e United States, It G
again fully takes - Into aocount - that'
both governments -for many yeare co. D
opera'te'..in. deve~oping intern'tional
law in conformity. with these princi
pls the utimate object. pt which has ti
and~ lan to confine garfagon 0ea
an~ ~a t' ryned for'ces of' belligeiry
ebt an ~egua4'd s far Ras possible It
of ,~r-r But; albraligh tise( En~d
er'at-iens, droiortei dg~, 'tt~~
alonei wblild ,iot~ )i~dr b rt cf'
cupag oetitn- -
Puts .Blatne9.n England.
"For In ans.wer .t6, 'the apieal -by
the Government Of the Uited Sttps
on, behalf of the. sacred princiidlesi of
humanity and International law the
German. Government must. repea. oide
Inore with all. emphasis, that it was
not. -.the German, but the British .Goy.
ernment which Ignored all aceepted
rules of International jlaw and ex.
tended this .terrible watr to the llies
.nd. property of non-combatants, hav
Ing no regard 'whatever for the inter
e Pts t and righis of neutrdisand non.
combatants that throulih this method
of warfare have been severely Injured.
Had to Resert td Submoarines.
"In ielf-defense against the Illegal
conduct of: British' warfare, while
fighting a bitter struggle for National
existence, Germany had to resort to'
the hard but effective weapon of sub
marine warfare. -
Touches Upn England's Attempt to
. Starve Gertany i
"As matters stand the. German Gov
ernment cannot but reiterate regret
that the sentiment of hu1manity which
the Goverdnmenteof the United States
extetds th such fervor to ihe un
happy victime.'of -subnare .warfare
arne ot extehded' with the .lsame
warmth of feeling to manymillions of
women and children- who, reord
Ing to the avowed Intention of the
British Governnent, shall bestarved
and who,by stiferigs, shillforce the
victorious armies 6f the Central Pow
ers into Ignominious capitulation.
Refers Often to Great Britain.
The Germent ofnthentj id agree
ment e with the erman~ poople, fals
to understand thi's discrimin ton, all
the more. as It has .repeatedly. and ex
plicitly delardd its'elf ready 'to us e
the submarine weapon".Iid str10't Conl
formity with e rules of Internationa
law as recognized before the outbreak
of the war, i Great Britin likewise
was ready to adapt the conduct .of
warfare tofthes.e ruleas.
"Several attempts made by the Gov
ernment of the United States to pre
val upon the British Government * to
act accordingly failed because of flat
refusal on the part of the British
Government. Moreover Great Britain
again ando again has violated interna
tional law, surpassing all bounds In
outraging nelftrl rights. The latest
measure, adopted by Breat Britain
declaring German bunker coal contra
band and establishing conditions un
der which English ,bunker coal alone
is supplied to neutrals is nothing but
an unheard-of attempt by way of
exaction to force neutral tonnage into
the service of British trade war.'?
Again Criticises United States.
"The German people know that the
Government of the United States has
the power to confine the war to armed
fopces of the belligerent countries, In
the interest of humanity. and'mainte
niance of international law. The Gov
ornixient of the United States would
have been certain of attaining this
and had it been 'determinied to insist
irgainst Great Britain on the incon
trovertible rights to freced om of the
seas. But as matter-s stand the Ger
nan people are umdler- the impression
hat the Government of the United
states, while demanding that Ger
nany'. strulgglinig for' existence. shall
'estr-ain the usae of an effective weapon
and while. making compliance ..with
hese dlemoands a condition for main
enance of relations wvith Ger-many
onfines itself' to protests' against- ii.
egal methods addpted b~y Germany's
nemies. Moreover, the Ger-rian peo
he know to what considerable extent
5 enemies are supplhied with all
inds of war material from the Uni
"It .ill jereor, b2Ageto
Umst .;mstr -Edfe' a'r'f'I
concessions, it has been 'guided not
alone by the friendship conecting
the two great' nations for over one
hundred years but also by -the thought
of the great doom which threatens
the entire. civilized world should this
cruel ahd sanguinary war be extended
Twice Tried to Bring About Peace.
"The German Government conscious
of Germany's strength -twice 'within
.he last few months announced before
the world its readiness to make peace
,on 'a basis safeguarding dermany's
.vital interests, thus indicating that it
is not Germany's fault if peace is still
withheld from the Nations of Europe.
The Geripan Government feels all the
more Justified in, declaring that re
sponsibility could not be borne before
the forum of mankind and in history
if after 21 months of the war's dura
tion the submarine question under dis
cussion between the German Govern
ment and the Government of the
United States were .to take a turn so
riously threatening -maintenance of
peace between the two nations.
Will Not Attack .Neutral Ships.
"As far as lies with the German
Government, it. wishes. to prevent
things from taking such a course. The
German Government. moreover, is
prepared to do its utmost to confine
operations of the war for the rest of
its duration to the fighting forces of
the belligerents, thereby also insuring
freedom of -the seas, a principle upon
which the - German Government be
-lieves,'-now as before, that it is in
agreement with the Government of the
Shall Not be Sqnk Without Warning.
"The German Government, guided
by this idea. notifies the Governmdnt
Qf the TUnited States that German na
val forces-have received the following
order: 'In accordance with the gen
eral principles of visit and search and
the destruction of the merchant yes
seis reengnized by international law
such yessels, both -within and without
the area''declared "a naval war zone, I
shall .not be .sunk without warning
and without saving human live~s un
less ths ship attempt to escape or
'But for neutrale, cannot ..expect a
that Germany, forced to fight for ox- t
istence.' shall,.for the sake *of neutral f
interests,, restrict 'the use of aix. effec
tive wesupon if the enemy is perrpittted I
to continue to apply at will niethods C
aft warfare violating rules of interna-'
tional law. Such a aemand would be 0
[ncompatible with the character of 8
leutrality apd the German Qovei'n- a
nent is cguvince'd, that the Govern
nernt of theo United States does not g
hink of making such a demand, know- r~
ng that,. the .Government of the.. Uni
ed States repeatedly declares thatsit b
s determined:to restore the principle
f freeddin of the seas, frora whiatever
Luarter it has bee'n violated."0
"Accordingly the German Govern. g
lent is confident that i,consequence e
f the new orders .4sued to-the naval .
erces thes Government- of. the .United
itates will also .now consider -all -im- a
ediments removed which' -may - havea
'een in- the way of mutual co-operation
oward restoration. of the freedom of
he seas ditting the war, as dugg'erted.R
n thue note of July. 235 15, athi it does
Lot dloubt that tlie Government of the.
Jnited ,States will now demand and in--.
-1st that the British government shall e
orthwith observe the rules of-interna- e
lonallaw iniversally rec~gnized-before d
he war as are laid downr i the notes des
>resented by ~thie 0.6verments of th'e en
Jnited Stetes, to the Br'itish. Govern, ho
nent December.28, 19o4 and Nvm
~er 5, .1915. - 4 Nvm
'Should step' t1ei e1Ktr oe~'A
he object it desires to have tho-laws ha
4k hbutly followed by al belligor- eh
11g.natjons, .the -German -Government is
rouldaIthen -be facrhg' new. $ituattodi
e h hm Q ft itsaoo ,
P r -~-trgik e -- 6
Hipp OIg. f tkIW asd Ofr Natiem
THE NEWS Of TH S0UTl
What is Taking Place in the South
land Will Be Found In
Mexican military men believe that
the withdrawal of the American troops
from Mexico will take -place in about
The Mexicans say that in view of
the dispositions to be made by Gen
eral Obregon in co-operation with the
American forces, the hunting down of
the bandit groups in Chihualua and
Durango can scarcely take more than
On assurances from General' Car
ranza that the bandits are dispersed
the northward movement of United
States troops will attain full speed.
It is probable that no Amerioan
troop movements will be begun until
the formal signing of an agreemenit
by the two governments.
Brigadier General Pershing, com
manding the expeditionary troops, i8
planning for every possible future de
velopment. Every report' of the ad
vanced cavalry columns and those
reaching Chihuahua from the border
are studied thoroughly in an attempt
to obtain a proper perspective.
The scattered .bands of Villa foow
ers are being given no rest.
Columns of. American cavalry are
riding - mercilessly on the trails* o:
the scattered bands of two or three
or singly, who are making their way
far into the mountains to- escape the
President'Wilson has received an
appeal -to intervene in the' cases of
the Mexicans recently convicted in
the' federal court of murder in' con
nection with- the Villa raid on Colum
ba.-s 14.. The president telegraphed
the governor of New. Mexico request
in; information about the cases.
The British' government has decid
ed to release the thirty-eight Germans
and Austrians -taken from the Ameri
can steamship China. The release of
these' men will be ordered immediate
A mob swept through the streets of
Charlottenburg, a suburb of Berlin,
Germany, plundering butter shops and
smashing signs and windows of other
butter shops and meat shops, includ
ing the municipal meat shop.
The riot In the s'uburbs of Berlin
was due' to. indignation aroused over
the insolence of clerks towairds pur
.hasers of meats and ,butter.
A Rome, Italy, dispatch, announces
.hat the submarine Bernouille sank
in enemy torpedo boat in the lower
Five enemiy aeroplanes made a raid
)n Brindisi, Italy.
The French flagship Patie brought
lown a Zeppelin at two o'clock in
he morning at Saloniki.
Fouer . Igih rebel leaders have been
ixecuted. . John Redmond asked. len
ency for the' great mass of those in
The Zeppelin L-20 has been drniven
shorec and completely destroyeti on
lhe wvestern side of H-afso, Norway.
lomne of the crew were rescued..
On the sector of Le Mort 'Hlomme,
~ortheast of Verdun, the French have
aken additional German positions in
n attack and captured in the opera
Ion about a hundred .prisoners and
our machine guns.;
Except around Verdu-n, 'the entire
rench -and Belgian .front is quiet ox
ept for- artillery duels.
A German aeroplane droped bombs
n Deal, England, but only one per
m was injureod, and but slight dam.
ge done to property.
A Ger-man attack against the Bel
ans to the north of Dixmude was
'ported along the western front..
In the other sectors *rtillery bori3
trdmnents only .are reported...
A German.- attempt to assume .the
fensive'against the Russians at Rag-.
sehear: Ri ga, was put do~~n.
German aircraft have bombed sey
al Russiari positions in the Gulf of
A Russianlair squadron delivered an
tack against the German' naval 'base
j'he .Tyrks are still fleeing from ,the
issians -in. the .Dlarbekr region. of
06nstantingpje i'eports the 'drivhng
round'in' the Balck' sea by a.-Trirk
submain~e of three Rutssian steam
r'he British government has at last
cided: on conscription,; and Premier
quith announces that a bill to that
[ 'Will soon .be introduced in the .
ase of coynmons. .
IWo steangers..under chartgr py The
ericar i -.crnmiliion for relief I
gium .hav "znet. with' mishaps at
'.T British steamer H'endonhall
B beenj siik~ and the Swedish "stearri '
M'Iidland' liaa been daniaged' and '
being tolted .into Bilackdeep.
thepis. disgtatches state that' nortli -
- ipirus . a~ been p3'cige 3de
aek givfl ~mimnjaratiop, uidr
9iWeks.a elfina' Ajfo
buhdred iforty 61)
the 'end 6A.he first~v , ."q
'the wari 'A"
Shipmefts o igh 4 %D ' Sah
and shr1.elr orhgngI
ftom the. Vnited.. Stat's Zqt. t
rate of ,A .iilon'dlla fort dai
A half millIon, dollr pr o
der is going1 fronw the nited S
to the entente allies Aall.
Firearmos and cartridges Value.at
more than five million. dollarl went t6
Europe from the.United Atates du
the month of March,
The French tool a portion .of a'ra
ter in sapping operations atou)nd the
Berlin reports that streng. Frehob
attacks from LoMort iHeme :to &e
north of Verdun were repuljed
It has been offlcally annolinceah
Ottawa, Canada, that two troop a y1w
carrying 3,000 officers and men, haiv
arrived safely in England. -
It is claimed in London thud the
Irish rebeliori was planned in "Gre
On the Ruielan. tnint the Germans
have captured Itussian positions to
the south of 'Naroc.LAke and taken
5,600 prisoners, including i' - a
officers, together with one n ;'
machine guns and 10 mine -
Russian 'efforts to; reclaim It.!
ground were futile.
The concensus :, opjinio r the
press of the Uniteds Stat :.
opinion of statesmen in
is that the German. note
dent." However, it is fur h
here that diplomatic rela
Germany depends entirely 4.h, ,
many keeps the promises .,+..
All world's exports re,!
broken by the United Si
the. month of Marob this
in fact, doubje the March
For the last nine m oeu'
from the United States .
neaily three billion dollp.
Rear Admiral Capertor
Santo Domingo to put *
activities of factional le.
to overthrow the Jimine.
It is believed in Wa
the, impeachment procee(.
Domingo against Preside,
simply. a- political trane
to overthrow Jinlinez,
merit in fact.
The president, speakir,
ing of the national serv
itary encampment for
voiced the sentiment t
and integrity of the
must not be tampered ,
pressed confidence i1 the patriotism
of the gret mass of foreign-born citi
zens, and said they would rush tQ the
support of the flag and' follow it with
At the openi'ng Pf the national ser.
vice s6hool militairy encampmeht for
young women, the ladies were -very
military in character, wearing khaki,
and being drawn up in militar'y or
der. They raised the American flag
over the encampment, during the rais
ing of which the President delivered
Philippine independence is a dead
issue, so far as this session of con
gress is concerned.' The bill grant
ing Philippine independence in four
years was decisively defeated in the
house, despite the effort .of adminis.
tration's 'efforts to procure a favor
'Ishirty-one Democrats joined~ the
solid Republican minority in laying
the Philippines independence bill on
Prosperity is growing in the Uriit
ed States. Federal agents report on
April business, and predict that -the
future outlook is good in virtually
every section of the country.
The women of the Methodist Epis
copal church have raised during the
last fiscal year $3,432,505 for home
missionary purposes, it is reported at
the general conference in Saratoga, N.
Y., of that church.
All doubt that existed in Savannahx
Ga., that the police are serious about
enforcing the law ,has been dispelled.
More than a hundred places haveial
ready been raided and wagonloads of
booze confiscated. It Is stated 'that
action .against lawbreakers - will he
A Chicago dispatch announces -that
former Senator William Lorimer wasn
found not guilty of conspiracy in con.
nection wvith the failure~ of the La,
Salle Street Trust and Savings bank,
at which he ,was 'president, by a jury
in the federal court there.
In a, running- fight in the -hilla .near
lore, Okia., a poske - headed by. Bhey.
ff Barger. of..:Muskogee county, shot4.
md killed Joe ,aiyd .Dave. Smitli, .out
aws,- said .to- be sons of "!Famous"
imith, .a notorilous bandit of, teririto..
'lal days. The* fugitives ..used' rfot
tuna stolen froi9 'edunty offleiaJ a;
rear~ ago when Dave Smith 'escape4
rom jail. The two carried adfe-blow
ng apparatus. None of the posae 'was
njured. . -
Two: men are known .to have been
illed -and fepr probably fatajly, wound
d -and a score ,perlously hurt Wyhon
Pittsbur'g, Pa., mob attaclgdc tjie Ed
ar Thompson works where a striie
ra. in .progress. TWoothougand, cit.
en deput.19s 'have Je sorn fint
r~esetve. dyr' in iitta' .;,'
'he problem in reebltrq d:the