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America Has Set Example of
Bringing World Together Upon
Terms of Liberty, Co-opera
tion and Peace, Says Presi
dent - Europe Would Profit
By Calm Counsel.
MILITIA MAKES SHOWING
IN PREPAREDNESS PARADE
President Says Europe Is Undergoing
Stress Through Which America Has
Passed and is Warring Over Prob
lems Which America Has Peace.
fully Solved.-Many Notable Guests
Charlotte. - President Wilson ad
dressed approximately 100,000 people
here attending the 141st anniversary
of the Mecklenburg Declaration of
Independence. The President lighted
a beacon of hope to the war-ravaged
nations of Europe and pointed them
to the peaceful conquest achieved by
the United States of America over the
identical problems that have plunged
Europe into the greatest strife the
world has ever known.
Address Was Brief.
Though profoundly significant, the
address was characteristic in its brev
ity. For exactly 18 minutes Mr. Wil
son spoke, and during that time tense
silence save for his spoken words pre
vailed throughout the cosmopolitan
audience which massed about his
The President talked intimately,
seemingly not raising his voice above
a conversational pitch, to the throng
which crowded closely about his
stand and which rose tier on tier on
the large grandstand across the street.
President Views Parade.
The President's address was enthu
sistically applauded by a crowd gath
ered from several states to celebrate
the one hundred and forty-first anni
versary of the signing of the Mecklen.
burg Declaration of Independence.
Before speaking he reviewed a long
military and industrial "preparedness"
parade, and afterwards he was the
guest of honor at a large lunch and
went by automobile to Davidson Col
lege, 20 miles away, where he once
was a student. He was accompanied
by Mrs. Wilson. Secretary Daniels
Secretary Tumulty, Dr. Cary T. Gray.
son, his naval aide, Senator Overman
and Representative Webb. The re
ception committee included Governors
Craig of North Carolina and Manning
of South Carolina. and Mayor Kirk
patrick of Charlotte.
A Great Day.
It was a cordial crowd that had
stood in line for hours waiting to
hear the voice and look upon the
face of the Nation's Chief Magistrate
and Mrs. Wilson. It was an eager
multitude that populated the line of
the parade for dozens of blocks and
cheeted the President with hearty
unanimity. And it was a happy crowd
that helped Charlotte celebrate May
Twentieth, 1916, in a fashion that
sends the day down into the annals
of the city as one of thc most nota
ble in the history of the state.
With marvelous precision the pro
gram of the (lay was observed. Not
an incidlent marred the general en
joyment. A parade whir-h in variety
and quality has rarely been equaled
here was reviewed by the presidential
party, and President Wilson-the
master attr-action of the entire event
---was seen by countless thousands,
and heard by many.
Veterans Give Souvenir.
The first incident of interest at the
stand wvas the appearance of Meck
lenburg Camp United Confederate
Veterans, who came marching up,
each lifting his hat as he passed by
the stand. A huzza from the grand
stand announced their coming, a
-glance revealed the cause and in a
moment the President and Mrs. Wil
son were on their feet, the former
with uncovered head and an expan
sive smile. The audience arose
that portion which was seated-amid
cheers which grew in volume as Com
mander W. B. Taylor stopped in
front of the stand and handed to Pres
ident Wilson a huge hornets' nest.
The President smiled broadly as he
accepted the tendered token. During
this time the Marine Band played
"The Star Spangled Banner." "The
Watch on the Rhino" and "Dixie,"
amid great cheering.
ulear and strong :'ang the martial
note of the parade. There were the
GOVENOR R. I. MANNING IS
HONOR GUEST AT CHARLOTTE
Charlotte. - Governor Richard L.
Manning of South Carolina was ac
corded an ovation wherever ho ap
peared. A deputation from Gover
or Craig's staff, headed by Lieutengit
Hudson C, Millar, who was deeighi%6e2
as Governor' Manning's' persongA .14e
while he ,waf in the city; ad a 0
OM SEVERAL -STATE1
khak!iclad boys and men, on whom th
Nation will first call 'n case of nee(
In Mexico or elsewhere, many hun
dred strong. There were the Rich
mond Greys in uniform. There wer4
the veterans-Carolinians and Virgin
fans-who were like ambassador
bearing messages of the past. Afte
the veterans had been cheered camq
a delegation of 100 students fron
Davidson College. Then followed i
great procession of industrial floats.
When the parade had ended Mr
Heriot Clarkson motioned the, crowd
to stillness and asked Rev. Dr. A. A
McGeachy of make the invocation
At the conclusion of the eloqueni
prayer Mr. Clarkson presented Hon. T
L. Kirkpatrick, Mayor of Charlotte
who spoke briefly of the Mecklenburg
Declaration of Independence and its
birthplace and welcomed the disting.
uished guests and host of visitors tc
the home of the Hornet's nest.
Craig Presents President.
Governor Craig's presentation of
President Woodrow Wilson was brief
and clever. He said:
"My fellow-citizens of the State, I
wish to assure our honored guest to
day that he has never come to a state,
AiRS. WOODROW WILSON.
or spoken to a people more loyal i
him and the great work he has dor
and the great cause for which b
stands than this. I have the hono
my fellow countrymen of North Car(
lina and South Carolina and the ro
gion round about to present you to th
President of the United States!"
The effect was instantaneous. In
moment every man and woman wa
on his or her feet. cheering wildla
The grandstand was an animate
spectacle of waving handkerchief
and hats. The suppressed enthus
asm of, the audience, touched off b
the greatness of the moment, burt
its bonds and for nearly .a . minut
Charlotte let Mr. Wilson know thr
she was glad he was here, but whe
the President opened his mouth t
speak, a great stillness descended.
President Wilson 8peaks.
Mr. Wilson said:
"Your Excellency, ladles and genti
"It is with unaffected pleasure the
I find myself in the presence of thi
interesting company today, f or I has
come back for a visit all too brief I
a region very familiar to my hear
and the greeting of whose peoplej
peculiarly welcome to me.
"I do not know; my fellow citizen
whether I can interpret for you toda
the spirit of this occasion, but it.
necessary when we get together I
celebirations like this to take couns<
together with regard to just what
is that we wish to celebrate. Ye
will say we wish to celebrate the men
ornes of that time to which we loo
back with such pride, when our fatl
era with singular wisdom of couns<
and stoutness of heart undertook i
set up an independenrt nation on thi
side of the water; but It io very muc
more importan that we should remin
ourselves of the elements with whic
our forefathers dealt. There were on1
three million citizens In .that origina
republic of the United States of Ame
ica. Now: there are one hundred mi
lions. It is a long cry back to thee
modest beginnings; a great period <
time not only, but a great period <
profound change, separates us froi
that time, and yet I would remind ye
that the same elements whidh wei
present then that are present now.
"What interests my thoughts moj
than anything else about the Unite
tion to meet Governor Maining an1
his staff and escorted them' to tE
Centrai hotel, which was headquartei
for thie South Carolina governor an1
his stiaff during their stay i Ch~rlotl
ad which wras distisiguished by tE
bresence of the South* r arolies stal
f1ag 'on the front of the b~uiilng~ whi
pennan*1 emblasonedI with the pa
me~tto, South (parottaa's embleMn ri
pled ,in th9 br'eeze fromn the sedot1
headed tb n whte
PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON
-States is that It. has always been Ir
process of being made ever since that
little beginning and that there have
always been the same elements In the
process. At -the outset there was at
the heart of the men who led the
movement for Independence a very
high and handsome passion for human
liberty and free Institutions. And yet
there lay before them a great conti
nent which it was necessary to sub
due -to the uses of civilization if they
were going -to build upon It a great
state among the family of nations. I
heard a preacher once point out the
very Interesting circumstance that our
Lord's prayer begins with the petition
of 'our daily bread,' from which he
drew the inference that it Is very diffl
cult to worship God on an empty stom
ach and that the material foundations
of our life are the first foundations.
What I want to call your attention to to
that this country ever since that time
has devoted practically all of Its at.
tention to the material foundations of
Its life; to subduing this continent to
the uses of the nation and to the build.
Ing up of a great body of wealth and
material power. I find some men whc
when they think of America do not
think of anything else but that. But,
my friends, there have been other na&
tions just as rich and just as power,
ful In comparison with the other na.
Stions of the world as the United StateE
is, and it Is a great deal more Impor
we are going to do wi'th our powel
than that we should possess It.
Origin of America.
"You must remember, therefore
the elements wl~th which we are deal
Ing. Sometimes those of us who wer
born in this part of the country pei
suade ourselves that this Is the chai
* acteristic part -of America. Here mor
e than anywhere else has been presera
e ed a great part of the original stoc
.which settled this country, particulati
ly that portion of the stock whic
3- came from the British Isles (I at
e not meaning to exclude Ireland.) An
then I find a great many of my friend
a who live In Nerw England Imaginin,
s that the history of this country I
..mrlytehitr o h xano
blo e nlnadta lmu
Stts Rcis tat thafoundatyo beenu ir
prsitoe. of ban matt eer sinc tfai
process. t the orutos therica a
te h oe t of the menuth, led ithd
,m ovecmet o newEanden. aThr
hgand chaactersompao Amercuai
librty and freennstitutni And e o
thattre eoeouaos thgrat cotb
nentewcent wahs necesr ot sung.
due tao the disesngufsiilizao if th
aUnted amng The mosnt imos.1
eadiageacheoceontout the ai
ver wint ereinen cirusta that ouisma
tuot ofraer ten wthso the peitonl
of dare daiy tha them whic haet
drer c theneencen tht men who vey avfi
clt to orshiao oinc amet wtm
ache aso that thmania founationsi
of charactfere the menrwh foundos
Wt Republnt to callyu mteto wto ia
itaotts ounodry tever vine talt t
ha dfevntedenrtseindalhe all isort
.oftendtions n theeil foundations o
kitsoa life sbng theiscohainhad t
th ere ss of thentinan otfol the buive1
ng upfied a coratedyo wleeath. and
mtrapowr find ofreopueasome aren youg
heind the hireko ofr pAmrinar dou no
thinkdof tantheimgxtle bthat. Buts91
tin mayt as preictsdrh and ma spoe
tin of th ie wold as teUnited Ater
is canim t is gethea orempo
t-nt th at weold youetein wha
we anrter gingtoe. Amwitahasu pway
tibeen thakn weshud osses mad,a
Ofwiew wrigin h Amida. -th
" pouesst ppremember, thereforn
cisg. Somtis toeof whoi wr
bon inthar of soadtecatountr pfei
- sunte ourselve tt thiheghcm hi
graceiti atryt of AEurpa. Her mor
e tanms an yohers atioben prn th
e eod abgeatcart onvotved oina tme
dwhc soettled Mahinsn cond'yh, parta
- wer thate port ofro the ote whi
s aeo the auBinahrthIses govern
e hnor. maiTe entrance Irean.) Aeno
e MnnIind adghreatany tof mhe frend
a who lie signa Nor Eandpresindn
s othatteio. f hsconr
!. meryth hing'so rthne edpasial
>.e of NewEland, an. Laothat Plr~you
Sockliesvatnthe foundatio of o1urbi
n- Ctotution. A Dua materof fact mure
y fellwtes, hl.e mort(sifying1 I
n. Inraeristi pAt of Amia,. ol
o nte fin theA Midl St.a:tes ofNet
ments in the strugge? T0YQ9449.Q
that in this European war'ti fiV9vo4
the very thing that has b'efn -gopg
on in America? It is a competitiona of
national standar48, of national tradi
tions, and ot natidnal politics-politl
cal sysotern. - Europe has grappled in
war as we -hare grpppled in peace to
see what'is going to be done with
these things when they. come into hat
contact with - One another. For do
you not remember that while these
processes were gofuig on in America
some very interetini things were hap
pening? . It was a very big world into
which this nation cabe when it was
born, but it is a very little world now.
It used to take as nMany days to go
from Washington to Charlotte in those
days as it now takes hours. I heard
an Irishman say if the power'of steam
continued to increase in the next 50
years as it had in the last, we would
get to Charlotte two hours before we
left Washington. And as those pro.
cesses of inter-communication have
been developed and quickened, men of
the same nation, not only have grown
closer neighbors; but men of different
nations 'have grown closer neighbors
with each other; and now that we
have those invisible tongues that speak
by the wireless through the trackless
air to tWe ends of the world, every
man can make every other man In the
world his neighbor and speak to him
upon the moment. While those pro
cesses of fermentation and travail
were going on, men were learning
about each other, nations were becom
ing more and more acqttainted with
each other, nations were more and
more becoming inter-related and inter
communication was being quickened
in every possible way,. so that now
the .melting pot is bigger. than Amer.
ica. It is as big as the world. And
what you see taking place on the oth
er side of the water is tremendous
I had about said final process by
wheih a contest of elements may. in
God's process be turned into a co-ordi
nation and co-operation of elements.
- Processes of War Stand Still.
"For it is an interesting circum
stance that the processses of the war
stand still. These hot things that are
in contact with each other do not
make very much progress against
each other. When you cannot over
come, you must take counsel. See
then, ladies and gentlemen, what a
new age we have come into. I should
think that it would quicken the imag
ination of every man and quicken the
patriotisim of every man who cared
for America. Here in America we
have tried to set the example of bring.
ing all the world together upon terms
of liberty and c-operation and peace
and in that great experie'nce that we
have been going - through Americe
has been a sort of prophetic sample
of mankind. Now the world outside
of America has feilt the forces o:
America; felt the forces of freedom
the forces of common aspiration, the
forces that bring every man and ever)
nation face to face with this question
"What are you going to do with youi
power? Are you going to translatt
It into force, or are you going to trans
late it into peace and the salvation o
society'? Does it not interest you
Sthat America has run before the res
of the world in making trial of thiu
great human experiment, and is it no
the sign and dawn of a new age tha
the- one thing upon which the world ii
now about to fall back is the mora
judgment of mankind, (Applause)
There is no finer sentence in the his
tory of great nations 'than that sen
tence which occurs in th~e Declaratioi
of Independence (I am now referrinj
to the minor declaration of Phila~del
phia, not to the Mecklenburg Decla
4ration) in which Mr. Jefferson said, ')
decent respect for the opinion of man
kind makes it necessary'-and I an
tnot now quoting the words exactly
'that we should state the grounds upol
a whi we have taken the importan
Sstep now asserting our independence.
'A decent respect for the opinion o:
Smankind'--it is as if Jefferson knev
that this was the way it) which man
kind itsel-f was to struggle to realizi
its aspirations and that, standing ir
the presence of mank-ind, this littl4
Sgroup of three million people, should
say, 'Friends and fello'w-cititens o;
the great moral world, our reason foi
sdoing this .thing we now Intend t<
state to you in candid and completi
.terms, so that you wil.i never thin1
tthat we were merely throwing off s
yoke out of impatience, but know thai
we were 'throwing off 'this thing in or
der that a great world of liberty should
be open to man through our instrumen
Voce of Humanity.
"I would like, therefore, to thin11
ri that the spirit of this occasion could
be expressed if we imagined ourselvee
lifting some sacred emblem of coun
jsel and of peace, of accommodatiori
-and righteous judgment, before the na
tions of the world and reminding theni
a of that passage In Scripture, 'After
I the wind, after .the earthquake, after
the fire, 'the still small !oice of human
i Col. R1. M. Cooper, Col, D. McQueen,
3 Col. L. Wright Cheathamn, Col. George
r WV. flick, Col. H. T. Strange, Colonel
f Iand Mrs. John B. Adger.
r Many citizens of Charlotte and via.
l iting notables called at~ the Central
-hotel to pay their respects 'to the
South Carolina .chief executive and
-his party. All along -the route of
f march he and lhis psrty were again the
, recipients of very warm demonstre,
r . tions of welcome.
About the only thing the poor enjoy
as much as Mle richd is, 0ov.
FIRST .AbM TNIS ATI6N PREPAR.'
EDNE8S MEASURE READY POR
ONLY 25 DISSENTING VOTES
Provides For Rqgular Army of Over
200,000 Bicked by Federaiizod Na.
tional Guard of More than
Washington.-Congress has corn.
pleted its part in enactment of the
first of the Administration prepar#d.
ness measures, the army reorganiza.
tion bill, and sent the measure up to
President Wilson for his signature.
The House approved with only 25
dissenting votes the conference re
port on the army measure ,already
accepted by the Senate. It provides
for a regular army with a peace
strength of more than 200,000 men,
backed by a Federalized National
guard of more than 400,000, and car
ries many reorganizing features
worked out by War Department of
ficials to make the nation's fighting
arm more efficient.
To complete the main elements of
the program of preparedness on which
the iAdministration plans to spend
more than a billion dollars within the
next five years, Congress ;gs still to
perfect and pass the naval bill,
embodying the navy increases, and the
fortificationh bill, which includes pro
vision for most of the equipment for
the increased army.
Estimates vary as to the actual
number of men the army will provide
the maximum to be enlisted under it
depending on the interpretation plac
ed on some sections by War Depart
ment officials. As construed by' Chair
man Chamberlain of the Senate mili
tary committee it provides for a reg
ular establishment of 211,000 at peace
strength and '236,000 at war strength
with a national guard of 467,000. The
peace strength of the regulars under
interpretation given the House by
Chairman Hay of the House military
committee would. be 206,000.
Besides the personnel incr.eases the
measure provides for a government
nitrate manufacturing plant to cost
not nore than $20,000,000 for estab.
lishment of a system of military train
Ing camps for civilians paid for out of
the Federal Treasury; for a board to
investigate the. advisability of estab
lishing a government munitions plant;
and for vocational education in the
army. Federalization of the national
guard 'would be accompliohed through
Federal pay and through a require
ment making the guardmen subject to
the orders of the President.
Eighteen Republicans, five Demo
crats, one Progressive and one Social
1st voted against adoption of the con
terence reportj Republican Leader
Mann, who believed the measure inad
equate, was one of those voting in the
'TERRIFIC TEXAS TORNADO
- SWEEPS INTO OKLAHOMA
. Three People at Kemp City, Okia..
Killed and Scores injured.
Denison, Tex.-Nine persons were
. killed and 38 injured at Kemp City,
. Okla., eight miles east of Denison, and
the town was badly damaged by a tor
nado which swept a path three quart
era of a mile wide and five miles long
in the vicinity of Kemp. Only three
small dwellings remain intact at
Twelve business houses, a two
story hotel and 60 residences were
demolished in Kemp City. This is the
-second time in recent years that the
little town of 300 inhabitants has
been visited by a tornado. Merchants
said that the town probably would
Inot be rebuilt.
Eight were killed in the town while
the other victim, a child was killed in
the, collapse of its father's home just
across the Red River in Texas. Of
the 38 persons Injured, 36 are real
dents of Keipp City. Most of those
injured were caught in the collapse
of buildings while trying to reaoh
The bodies of the dead in several
instances were found hundreds of
yards, from where their houses h~d
stood. The two-yeab-old daughter of
Mr. and Mrs, William Blrinson, who
were killed, was hurled 500 feet with
flying debris when the Brinson real.
dence was destroyed but the child
suffered only minor injuries.
Immediately after the storm passed
emergency treatment was, given the
injured( in darkness, with~ rain falling
in torrents. A special train carrying
12 physicians from Denison did not
reach Kemp until several hours after
the tornado passed.
STRATEGIC POSTS ON YERDUN
FRONT SOUGHT BY ARMfes
Paris.-The battle for psession of
important strategic posl tfns on the
Verdun front west of the Meuse River
continued, with unabated severity
during the past few days, The French
War Office has just announced, that
the Gjrmans, although repulsed in
mnost of' their attempts, succeeded' in
captui'ing S first line trench on Dea4
.Man Hill and gaining ground on the.
slanan W6nt of he hil
00rweea tmer sunk by de
Geman aviators dropped b
General mbilizatioh of i
army ordered 'and Maartial law pro
claimed in northeast itely.
May 23, 1915.
. British advanch east of Festu..
bert and French near Notre Dame
do Lorette and Neuville-St. Vaast.
Russians recrossed the San in
effort to outflank the Germans.
Germans defeated Russian right
Italy declared war on Austria
Austrian patrol crossed, italian
frontier and was driven back.
Turks repulsed allies at Sed
Groat Britain, France and
sla In joint statement, r
Turkish government of r
Ity for massacres of Ar
Ypres behind a
, Russian mo%
outposts in front of R1
Austrian vessels bombi.,
Ian coast towns.
Turkish gunboat sunk by allied
Austrian aviators bombarded
many Italian towns.
Germans at Monso, Kamerun,
surrendered to French.
May 25, 1915.
Von Mackensen took six fortified
villages north of Przemysl.
Russians won in Opatow region.
Italians crossed Austrian frontier
on 67-mile front.
American, steamer Nebraskan
struck by torpedo or mine.
Italy deelared blockade of Aus
trian and Albanian coasts.
Austrians sank Italian destroyer.
Allies bombarded many Asia
Minor coast towns.
British battleship Triumph sunk
in Dardanelles by German subma
British coalition cabinet (an
May 26, 1915.
British made further gains near
Germans forced passage of the
Italians seized various towns in
British submarine sank Turkish
gunboat close to Constantinople.
Zeppelin bombarded Southend.
England, and iater feli into sea.
May 27, 1915.
Belgians repuised two German
attacks near Qixmude.
Teutons forced another crossing
of the San, broke through Russian ;3
lines near Stry and forced Russians
Russians won fights on Upper
Vistula and near Dniester marshes.
Italian invasion of Austria con
tinued; battles west of Praedil
pass and at Piocken.
Allies in Gallipoil carried five
lines of Turkish trenches with bay
British auxiliary ship Princess
irene blown up; 321 killed.
British battleship sunk by Ger
man submarine' at Dardanelles,
Allied aviators bombarded Lud
wigahafen and Ostend.
May 28, 1915.
Fierce fighting north of Arras.
Russians drove Germans back
across the San, but Ausfrians ad
Italians occupied 'Monte Baldo
and crossed Venetian Alps.
Austrians sank italian destroyer
and -italians sank Austrian subma
Five ailied steamers sunk by Ger
man submal-nes. *~
SOME INTERESTING FACTS
Malaria Is spread by a specli mos8
Filngers, flies and fo yedt
phold fever.fo pra ~
Frortyelght diffiert materials are~
used ip Thq'eonatruLon of a pigno, ~,
whioh cone fror nao fewei- than 1$ 9,
( ijveh day the River Tardnes scoop~
1,609,tons of ftrth ,from its banika
*A .full-grown elephant yiel'ds 1ROQ
ootipds of iorw .