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s Wilkes was spnsor for the new
>rpedo. boat, "The Wlke ,' whioh
was launched mt Phltwelrhe My
18. $he wn appol il by acreIry
of the Navy Joviptr. fiannels to not
IS SpOnier fr tL mw%' dv!Atroysr,
nd to thrim!n qwame a V the
liJO hi honor of her' dieting
ffd e ndlfather, rwar Ad.
ral Charles Wilkes, I. e. N.
PNS ESS TURKS
R F1J L ATTACKS
1SH ARMY IN
*0 TAl IA.
9 mgpHER~yeT11,Mah Cftetr
dvaLomlou.-- Wlth the
oe or. Ruusiasn for 0kah.-ar
rom!o Ulirunah re..-on 1%1Word Mo.
b~.In Amqria, on thep Tl; , wiich
eq I ted roelenly te occupa7.t of
'A Itii~ll '.na, the RTus;sianw are t ing
hK fresh11 UrE) of the Aot pt err
fulort m tho rwir of thln Turcish
The h1(jio 1, now entrd in
Petrograd of bringing not only Bag
dad, the Holy City of the Caliphs, but
.he entire country ling between the
Tigris and the Euphrates under Rua
The only serious obstacle between
the czar's army and the Mosul is the
aioient fortified city of Jesich-Ibn
Onar, on an island in the Tigris, 130
miles southeast of Diarbekr. It Is
biieved that this city, with its anti
!uated defenses wilt not be able long
delay the Russia'n advance. The
,grees of these forces already has
broken the backbone of- the Turkish
(-Nmmunications between Dlarbekr
GEIRMANY WARNS NEPTRALS
I SHIPS MUST 'OBEY ORDERS
Must Regard International Law When
. Stopped by Submarines.
Washington.-germany, in a not.
presented *to Secretary Lansing by
'ount von Bernstorff warns neutral
yvernments that merchant ships fly
hur neutral flags must obey the provi
shions of international law in regard to
"* t hi eir conduct when stopped by a Ger
man submarine and that they incur
danger should they turn their ships
ethe direction of a submarine.
The text of the communication,
da~ted May 12, from tne, German em
basssy and signed by Cotynt von Bern
st orff follows:
"A German submarine in January
et, bualiled with flags from a die
neo I Dutch steamer Dandoeng to
op. Instead of immediately comply
g wI that summons, permissible
'A e r I n .rnational law, the Dutch
'um Curned at higher speed on
C- su hru rine, whose commander, on
o minption, warranted by the dir.
- oatanes, that he had to do with
In gii sip in disguise, bent on
takh him, then opened fire on
T'he -av amer Bandoeng then stop
A'I:d sent over a boat for the
'rra'm io of the ship's papers. On
eing tuW' d about his captain's pro
aid in g, A e Dutoh officer in com
i'nd~ of ti.e boat explained that he
mntdito ic ome nearer the submarine
aT shdorten the' visitation for
"'Th, ':mpuorial Government finds in
1h hoi-h',: occasion to suggest to the
Iteutnu ornment that the masters
of tbi yimer'chant ships be given to
ut,''-tanl dihat fIt the event of their
h)ome !'Appild by German public yes
injhl, the ji oyisions of international
ltw zmd i.' observed -to the letter,
anu 'ont their special attention be
g od 9a5 dangers incurred by
tinha their' shipb on a submariie.
"TFhuH aloneI, can incidents of the
for vg'ing <osription be avoided, the
#eworstIwlbity ,foi' which would exclu
etw'y h io - on the neutral shipmas
* ~ WAR MrAdIRES ARE
NOb~V LAW IN NEW YORK
.Albaniy. N Y.--F'ive preparedness
meunr . hocmme law by receiving the
sigaatur.e oft Governor -WhitAnan. HeI
signed 'demr alter a public hearingg
-at -hich me~n and Nameon reiresenta.
tivori or peacro. prganisationg .strongly,
goterori later iS expect~ed to sign the
pI'iopiaOf 01$500,000 .for the'
bilization ru~ ~et, or when.
ran *tner 4 so of at the
AGREES TO BSILL WHICH CARRIES
$240,000,000 FOR THIS YEAR
BREAKS FIVE-DAY DEADLOCK
Largest Naval Appropriation Ever Pro.
sented to Congress;-Adminlstra.
tion 5-Yar Plan 'Rejeoted,
in Congress lost the first a irmisls in
the naval preparedness campaign
when the House Committee broke a
five-day deadlock and completed the
naval appropriation bill,without ap
proving the five-year building program
advocated by President Wilson and
As finally agreed to the bill author
izes the -construction in 1917 of five
battle cruisers, as against twvo dread
naughts and two battle cruisers rec
ommended by Secretary Daniels, tour
scout cruisers, an increase of one over
the Department's program, 10 destroy
ere as agAinst 16 recommended; 20
submaripes, three to be 80Q-ton boats,
compered with five fleet and -26 coast
defense submarines -recommended;
one hospital ship, one oil fuel ship and
one ammunition ship. The gunboat
recommended was stricken out and the
fuel and ammunition ships were added
.from Secretary Daniels' program for
the second year.
The total amount carried by the bill
is $240,000,000; the largest naval ap
propriation ever presented to ongress.
While the appropriation is, if 'any
'thing, an increase over the Depart
ment's plans, failure of the five-year
program and the fact that no dread
naughts were provided fbr, make the
bill unsatist- ctory to Administration
officials. Secretary Daniels said he
never lost hope of getting what he
asked for until Congress adjourned.
It was clear y indicated that the
Serate, which has not yet taken up
consideration of the naval bill even
in committee was relied upon to re
store the battleships. The Senate has
never failed to increase the program
for the Navy mapped out by the
House, and Navy officials are confl
dent that the final bill will provide
for at least two battleships and four
FIRE IN NAVY YARD
AT NORFOLK, VIRGINIA.
Flames Spread RapIdly-Soon Beyond
Norfolk, Va.-The ship-fitters shop,
known as building No. 24, and all of
the equipment, onsisting .of valuable
woodworking mtachinery, at the Nor
folk Navy Yard, were destroyed by
fire. 'The 'boiler-makers shop and the
plumbers shop, adjoining buildings in
the group, were slightly damaged.
The fire originated in the ship-itt
ters shop from some unknown cause
shortly after 6 o'clock. The flames
spread rapidly and were quickly be
yond the control of the navy yard fire
fighting force. The entire Portsmouth
fire department was called to the
scene. A stubborn two-hours' fight
confined the fire to the buildings- men
tioned and at 9 'o'clock all danger of a
general sonfiagration had passed.
eOLU ION OF REVENUE
PROBLEM PLEASES KITCHEN.'
Washington. - Secretary McAdoc
submitted to Chairman Kitchin of the
House Ways and Means Committee
and Chairman Simmons of the Senate
Finance Committee revised estimates
of the Government's receipts and ex
penditures for the remainder of the
current fiscal year and the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1917, tending to show
that mudh less new revenue will have
to be raised to meet the bill for pre
paredness and other large contemplat.
ed expeniitures than had been sup
Only about $150,000,000 in addition
al revenue will have to be provided
during the coming year, Mr. McAdoo
said. This is less by $75,000,000 than
the most conservative members of
Congress calculated at the outset.
ItalIans Hold Back Austrians.
The Italians in southern Tyrol now
are tenaciously holding back the
Austrian. from further inroads into
their positions. fn the Ledro Valley,
southwest of: Trent, and in the Laga
rina Valley, to the south of the city,
the Austrians, after heavy artillery
preparation, threw vicious attacks
against the Italian lines but all of
them were repulsed with heavy casu.
alties, according to Rome. Five at
tacks were made on Zegnatorta, and
all of them were stopped with san
Test Navy Yard Shell Shops,
Norfolk, Va-As a preparedness
test and in order to demonstrate the
facilities and capacity of the Navy
Yard' shell shops, rush orders have
been received for 10,000 six-inch and
10,000 five-inch naval shells. Castings
are being transferred as rapidly as
lessiblei to shops, where they are be
Ang..ga~chhne1 fished and sept to fit.
$Ulien's 1naArasin' for' leading. . :
pacity fot'ees are beibg operated in
order to establish a record time for
the produtoIn of the finished shells.
Oth9 eM rle ,ezpected to tofl!#
Major-General Metts is commander of
the North Carollaa Division United
Confederate Veterans. He was in
charge of his division at the Bir
mingham meeting.' MajornQen.
Mette expects a great crowd at the
state Reunion at Wilmington this
BUILDING fALLS; 9 KILLED
NINE PERSONS ARE KILLED AND
TWENTY ARE INJURED AT
Militia Called Out to Restrain the
10,000 Persons Who Gather
Around the Wreckage.
Akron, O.-Nine persons were killed
and a score injured when the old Bea
con Journal building, occupied by the
Crystal Restaurant, collapsed as a re
sult of a blast of dynamite in an ad
Seven Identified bodies have been re
covered -and two unidentified have
been recovered and two persons, now
missing, are thought to be in the
Battery B, Ohio National Guard
Field Artillery, was called out to aid
the police in restraining a crowd o
more than 10,000 persons who packed
the streets where the accident occur
A tremendous roar, echoing the
screams of dying people, brought
thousands to the scene, in the heart
of Akron's business district. Instan.
ly the entire city, rallying under the
shock, plunged to-the *rork of rescue.
A great pile of ruins, broken timbers.
twisted steel and tor of brick and
mortar buried the victims, who a
moment before were dining in the
U, S. TROOPS ARE BENT
TO GUARD BORDER BRIDGES.
Along Southern Pacific Between El
Paso and San Antonio.
San Antonio Texas. - The safe
guarding of the Southern Pacific Rail
way from here to El Paso. was decid
ed upon and troops are being sent to
every bridge along the line. In the
event of military operations on a big
scale the use of the railroad would be
imperative. For a great part of the
d'stance the line parallels the Rio
Grande and unless guarded the cut
ting would be comparatively simple.
it is declared.
Major General Funston and his staff
worked out many details of the plan
of re-organization of the border pat
rol. Reports from General Pershing
sho~ed his troops have been drawn
closer together and gave nio sign th~at
early resumption of the chase of Fran
cieco Villa was contemplated. Col
onel Sibley in the Big Bend section is
driving his little command* of cavalry
eome 60 miles south of -Boqjuillas but
at headquarters there is displayed
little hope that he wvill capture the
bandits who attacked Monquillas and
Glenn Springs, or rescue Jesse Deem
or, and Americani carried away by
SENATE REJECTS RUBLEE
AFTER BITTER EXCHANGE.
Washington.-The nomination of
George Rublee of New Hampshire as a
member of the Federal Trade Conm.
mission was rejected by the senate.
Senator Gallinger, the Republican
leader, had oilposed the nomination
for 15 months on the ground that lhe
was "personally obnoxious" to him
and the power of the senatorial court
esy tradition was so great that he
won his point by a vote of 42 to 86 in
spite of a vigorous and insistent fight.
ENGINEER TANKERSLEY GETS
,FOUR MONTHS; APPEALS
Salisbury, N. 0.-A. Tankerstey, en
gineer of the Southern Railway's New
York-New Orleans Limited, whiqh on
November 24, 1915, in the .yard here
crashed into bhe 'rear of a special
train killing two and injuring 22 pes
henigers, was sentenced - in Superior
Cbw't' to serve -four- months in. The
bon nty jail. Tankersley was found
guilty of mansiaughter, the jury ree
oimnding leniency. Tankereley is St
libt~y, nn ball, pending an appeal.
U.~ CV.METS NEXTr
IN NATION'S CAPITAL
GEN. GEO. P. HARRISON 18 ELECT
ED - COMMAND~t-IN-CHIEF TO
CONTEST OVER CONVENTION
Reunion Closes at Birmingham.-Tat
tered Flag of Morgan's Raiders
Presented- to Gen. Young.
Birmingham, Ala.-Washington wbn
the honor of entertaining the United
Confederate Veterans in 1917 by a
close vote at the closing business ses
General George P. Harrison of Ala
bama was elected commander-in
chief to succeed Gen. Bennett Young
The desire of the old Confederate
soldiers to parade down Pennsylvania
avenue and be reviewed by the Presi
dent of the United States led them to
choose Washington, D. C., for the
1917 reunion city, at the closing busi
ness session of their reunion. Tulsa,
Okla., and Memphis received the next
highest votes in the order named.
Gen. George P. Harrison, command
er of the Alabama division of the
United Confederate Veterans, was
elected commander-in-chief of the
veterans, succeeding Gen. Benentt
Young of Louisville, who refused to
permit his name to be presented as a
candidate for re-election. Other offi
cers named were:
Commander department army of
Virginia, Gen. John Thompson Brown,
Commander the department of army
of Tennessee, Gen. John P. Hickman
The recommendations of the reso
lutions committee, with the exception
of one favoring a reducation in the sal
ry of the Adjutant General from
$1,800 to $1,500 annually, and another
favoring the consolidation of the vet
erans and sons of veterans organiza
tions were referred to the command
Pug general and the heads of the
The effort to reduce the adjutant
general's salary failed when it was
learned that the constitution leaves
that matter in the hands of the ex
ecutive council and commander-in
According to the repor4 of the com
mittee on the Jefferson Davis Home
Association, presented by John S.
Leathers of Kentucky, showed there
were no debts against the organiza
tion and they had a balance in the
bank of more than $600.
Ernest G. Baldwin of Roanoke, Va.,
was elected commander of the Sons
of Veterans over Garland P. Peed of
New officers for the Sons of Veter
ans elected in addition to the com
Commander Department Army of
Northern Virginia, Dr. J. Garrett
King, Fredericksburg, Va.
Commander Department Army of
Tennessee, Thomas B. Hooker of
Commander Army of Trans-Mis
sippi, Merritt J. Glass, Tulsa, Okla.
Executive couuncil, A. J. Wilson, Lit
L19 Rock,, Ark.; Adolph D. Bloch, Mo
bile, Ala.; Gdrland P. Peed, Norfolk,
Va.; Seymour Stewart, St. Louis.
Historian-in-chief, Dr. T. M. Owen
SENATE AGREES TO ARMY
Upper House Passe. Conference Re
port Without Roll Call.
Washi ngton.-The senate after an
all-day debate agreed to the conference
report of the army reorganization bill
without a roll call. The house is
expected to approve the report with
in a day or two and send the first of
the big national defense measures to
The bill provides for a regular
army of 211,000 officers and men at
peace strength, and approximately
260,000 at war strength, and for a
Federalized National Guard of 457,000
officers and men at maximum strength.
Seniator Lodge criticised the house
for not accepting the larger. Chair
man Stone said he was so anxious to
see the ntirate provision enactedl that
he would be almost willing to agree
to any size army necessary, but in
sisted there was no need of an in
creased army. Senator Brandegee,
author of the amendment for a regu
lar standing army of 250,000 men at
peace strength, declared the English
language was inadequate to express
.his disgust at the conference action
and said he hoped "the good Lord
who guards the drunkard and thes fool
will save the nation."
THE DEMOCRATIC PLATPORM
TO BE BASED ON RECORD
Washington. - President Wilson,
talking with congressional callers in
dicated his graaification at the prog
ress being msde on legislation sup;
Iported by the' administration *nd ex.
pressed hope -that congress would be
at,ie to adjourn early in the summer.
.It is the hope of the president to see
most of the administration prop-ag#
completed before the political convei.
tiofns which meet in~ Chicago and St.
Lanuia in June. .
PYTHIANS TO GATHEUf *SO'
rand Lodge Will Hold Annual Meet
ing ihI State Capital City May
23 and 24.
COlumbia.-The four lodges in the
4pital city are in flourishing con
lition and are busy preparing for the
3ouvention of the grand lodge, which
neets May 23 and 24 and promises to
)e largely attended. The hotel where
;he sesslons are to be held and where
nost of the delegates will stop while
n the city, reports that a large num
)er of reservations are made for the
accasion. Altogether there will be
several hundred members in attend.
A matter of importance to be pass
3d upon by the grand lodge is the
proposed establishment by the su
preme lodge of a sanatorium for tu
berculosis somewhere in the South
west. A special committee was ap
pointed- last year to report on the.
luestion this year. Another matit*
that probably will come up is the se
lection of a permanent meeting place
rot' the grand lodge. This question
as been discussed for a number of
rears, but no action has ever been
taken. It is said the grand lodge is
% business convention and has grown
to be such a large body that it should
iave a central meeting place, where
the knights may gather every year.
The report of the grand keeper of
records and seal, C. D. Brown of Ab
beville, will show the order to be in
a healthy state. During the year 554
new members have been initiated, 525
suspended members have been rein
stated and 384 admitted by card, a
total of 1,463 additional members
One hundred and eighteen members
tlied during the year. New lodges
were organizpd at Smoaks, Elliott and
Hallselville with a total membership
Elks Met Next in Columbia.
as the place of meeting for the next
fifth annual meeting of the South
Carolina State Association of B. P. o.
Elks was concluded. The 1917 con
vention will be held in Columbia next
spring with the largest lodge in
South Carolina as host. An unprece
dented volume of business was dis.
posed of at this meeting. The body
found so much to occupy it that a re
-ess fas necessary for lunch, a prac
tice heretofore unknown.
Ralph J. Ramer, of Anderson, was
elected president. Other officers
elected: A. J. Turner, Spartanburg,
fist vice-president; A. Harry Fisher,
Charleston, second vice president;
John B. Marshall, Grenville, third
vice president; J. Arthur Smith, Co
lumbia, secretary and treasurer; W.
M. Floyd, Spartanburg, marshall;
George R. Koester, Greenville, door
keeper; C. C Robbins, Gaffney, inner
guard; T. W. Passalaigue, Charles
ton, George R. Koester, Greenville,
Arthur J. Ham, Florence, trustees.
Great Music Festival.
Spartanburg.-The greates aud
ience ever assembled in the Cbnverse
College auditorium heard the child.
ron's chorus of 600 voices at the con
cert of the Spartanburg Music Festi
val this afternoon, and Anna Case de
lighted the throng of festival visitors.
Miss Lula Page of North Carolina
who has trained the children's chorus
for the last two years, dir-ected the
orchestra and chorus during the sing
in! of the first ntimber, the Bridal
Church from the "Rose Maiden,"
turning the baton over to Walter
Damrosch for the other numbers.
The children sang "The Lost
Chord," by Sullivan; Waltz and The
Star Spangled Banner. The great
audience rose and joined in the sing
Ing of the National anthem. Mrs.
Merle Tolloteon Alcock was the solo
1st for the concert. The Converse
Choral Society sustained its splendid
standar dat the evening concert.
Re-elect Wilburn Mayor of York.
York.-In the municipal election
held in York 3. C. Wilburn was re
elected mayor for the two years and
the following were chosen as alder
men: J. E. Johnson, T. W. Speck,
Arthur T. Hart, 3. S. Sandifer, W. S.
Willis, J. G. Dickson.
Plant Cotton Again.
Gaffney.-Farmers in different por
tions of Cherokee county are planting
over their cotton, saying that the ex
tended dry spoil has had the effect of
[iostroying the seed germs and that
they will not germinate.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
Governor Manning and his staff at
tended the celebration at Charlotte
Gov. Mhnning delivered the cam
mencement address at Jonesville
Union county, last week.
The 126th annual council of the
Elpiscopal diocese of South Carolina
came to an end at Columbia after it
had been decided to hold the next
council in St. David's church in
Cheraw, of which the Rev. A. S
Thomas is rector.
Methodists at Landrum will erect z'
new brick church in the near future
Two school districts in Lexington
county have just voted a school tax
Plans are being perfected for the'
annual spring meeting of the hornue
and farm demonstration clubs of
Cierendon county to be held in Man
ning on Saturday, May 27. It is the
purpose to have an elaborate auto
mobile parade at 11 o'clock, Including
a number of cars appropriately decor
ated to represent th.o vatious clubs of
the county, the canning, bread, poul
try, pig, corn and each of the eight
home daxiontrattan s.tu.
FIRM FOI WILON
CONVENTION MEaTIN iP CO
LUMBIA REIT9RAES $ABTr4 IN
CONTINUE COUNTY bANVAS$
Manning, Tillman, Smith, Evans, Jen
nings, Pollock, Clinokscales and
Hyde Are Delegates.
Columbia.-The State Democratil
convention in Columbia adopted a pro
gressive platform, indorsgd the admin
istration of President Wilson, refused
to abolish the county-to-county politi
cal campaign, received petitions from
the State Equal Suffrage league, do
clined to allow John L. McLaurin to
enter the primary as warehouse oom
missioner to defend the system 'and
discussed many problems of import-,,
ance to the party.
Eight delegates at large to the na
tional Democratic convention at St.
Louis with one-half vote each were
elected by the State convention an
Gov. Richard 'I. Manning, United
States Senators B. R. Tillman and E.
D. Smith, John Gary Evans, L. D.
Jennings, W. P. Polook, John G.
Clinkscaler and T. T. Hyde.
It was decided also not to elect
alternates to the delegates at large
but that the delegation as a whole
select the alternates from the 14 dis.
trict alternates. The state delega
tions was instructed to vote as a unit
on all questions.
John H. Clifton moved that the
convention elect eight delegates at
large with one4Jalf vote each instead
of four delegates at large. The mo.
tion was carried.
David R. Ceker nominated Gov.
Richard I. Manning, which was fol
lowed by applause. Others nominated
were: B. R. Tillman, T. T. Hyde,
Charles Carroll Simms, John 0.
Clinkscales, E. D. Smith, T. C. Dun.
can, John G. Richards, John Gary
Evans, L. D. Jennings, W. P. Pollock.
On motion of Mr. Blakeney the
nominations were closed.
The number of votes each nominee
Manning, 310; Tillman, 274; Smith,
277; Evans, 273; Clinkscales, 284;
Hyde, 276; Pollock, 262; Jennings,
264; Simmes, 61; Richards, 62; Dun.
can, 65. The first eight named were
The submission to the people of the
question of woman suffrage by proper
act or resolution was recommended.
An inheritance tax was recommend.
ed tQ meet the deficiency in founds in
cident to the reduction of tha tariff.
The currency law, enacted under
the guilding hand of the Wilson ad.
ministration, was heartily commend
Legislation to protect the shipper
against the exorbitant rates on the
high seas was commended to the ef
forts of the national congress.
Rural credits legislation now in
process of passage wa's also indorsed.
The South Carolina delegation will
go to the national Democratic con.
vention at St. Louis instructed to work
for the re-election of Woodrow Wilson
In the resolution, accepted by the
state convention and written into the
platform of the party, the policies both
foreign and domestic of the president ,
were commended and the delegation
from South Carolina was committed
to work for the renomination of both
President Wilson and Vice President
Officials in South Carolina wrho
have labored for a stricter enforce
ment of the law, as evidenced by
courts and county officials, were com
mended for their faithful efforts, and
the sustention of jury yerdicts was
urged. The arty was pledged to a
continuance of a strict enforcement
of the law.
Acts of the-recent legislature in the
textile plants, in the weekly pay roll
act, the 60 hour per week regulation,
child labor regulations, the creation
of a board of conciliation and other
labor legislation -were heartily ap
The convention went on record as
approving plans of adequate prepar.
edness, but expressed itself as dis
approving the creation of an armed
force that would imperil the superior
ity of civil authority.
A judicial tribunal or conciliation
commission, to preserve peace upon
the cessation of hostilities, was. urged
upon the national convention.
TPhe convention recommended to the
legislature for its earnest considera.
tion the question of equal suffrage for
women and requested that the matter
he submitted to the people by proper
act or resolution for their decision.
Lexington Rebuilds Rapidly.
Lexington. - F'ifteen buildings of
brick and fire-proof are going #p in
Lexington, following the big fire
which swept the town several weeks
ago. This gives employment to about
150 hands, including those who are
using their teams hauling matei'1al.
The 16 buildings now being construct
ed include the following: Edwin(I
'reher, clothier, two lI department
oulldinge; , R, L..0gem eYV two;.
*W BarrertwoeiQ.4a . D.erriok, one
two-story str#0ture; Scott Hendp,~
190; 4tbul B,.e0 r