Newspaper Page Text
U. S. EASE
INCLUDED IN TI
Desire of the Whole World Now
rns More Eagerly Towards
i .Hope of Peace - The Long
, It Lasts the More We are
Things of the Future.
OUR INTEREST ONLY PEACE
AND FREEDOM OF THE SEAS
Settle Forever Contention Which Has
Been Keynote of All Diplomatic Dis
cussions With Germany and Great
Britain.-Want Virtual Guarantee of
Territorial Integrity and Political
Washington.--President Wilson de
clared hero before the League to En
force Peace, that the United States
was ready to Join in any feasible as
sociation of nations to preserve the
peace of the world against "political
ambition and selfhh hostlity" and in
service of "a cominion order, a comn
mon juntice, and a coimion peace."
lie expressed the hope that the
ternis of peace which end the war
would include such an arrangement.
Absolute Freedom of the Seas.
Outlining suggestions for peace,
which the President saild e hoped
the United States would make if it
had opportunity to do so, he included
provision for absolute freedom of the
stbas, a contention which has been the
keystone of all tile diplomatic discus.
sions with Germany and Great Brit
aln; and virtual guarantees of terri
torial integrity and political indo
Officials intorpreted the President'
address as a preliminary fooler f
pleAeO in E'urope. He outlined e
conditions on which the United es
would move if it made a forn ied.
htory. offer- with tile idea, i as 1111
derstood, of learning how ch sug
gestions would be rece.ive .ftroad
"I am sure." Ai,: 'rh6i President,
J O'f the United States
would wish theur government to miove
along these lines:
Peace Only, and Its Future Guaran
"First, suchl a settlement wvith re
gard to their owni immediate inter.
eats as tihe belligerents may agree
upon. We hlave nothing material of'
any kind to ask for ourselves, and~
are quite aware that we are in 1no
sense or degree parties to the present
quarrel. Our interests is only in
peace, and its future guarantees.
Universal Association of Nations.
"Second, an uniiversai association
of the nlationls to maintain tile in~vio
-late security of tile hlighway of tile
seas for tile comm~fonl and unhindered
use0 of all tile nations of the worldi,
and to prevent any wvar begun either
contrary to treaty covenants or with
out warning and( full su1bmlission of
the causes to tile opinion of thle
world--a virtual gularantee of terrn
torial integr-ity and politcai inde
The Fundamentals of a Lasting Peace.
The fundametals of a lasting
peace, President Wilson said 110 be
"First, that every 1)eop0 le as a
right to chlose tihe sovereignty un~der'
which they shall live. Like other
-Nations," the President said, "we
have ourselves no doubt once and
again offended against that princeiple
which for a little wilie controlled by
* selfish passion, as our franker histor
itans have been honorable enough to
amit; but it has become more and
~s~ niore our rule of life and action.
*"Second, that the small states of
< the world have a right to enjoy thle
same respect for their sovereignty and
for their territorial integrity that
A gireat and powerful nations expect an~d
"'An~d, third, that the world has a
~ ight to be fr'ee front every disturb
4ance of itsl peace and that its origin
In aggression and disregard of the
~'rights of people and nations."
'In full, the President spoke as fol
Desiro .of the Whole World Turns to
en e invitation to 'be here to.
n1h~ c 6 to mI was glad to ac
r( oIt'it a~eit offered me an
't fje. the' program
of u will, - ' am
R TO TAKE PAR
I PEACE IN EUROPE
take our part in counsel upon this
great theme. ,It is right that I, as
spokesman of our government, should
attempt to give expression to what I
believe to be the thought and pur
pose of the people of the United
States in this vital matter.
Has Affected U. 8. Very Profoundly.
"This great war that broke so sud
denly upon the world two years ago,
and which has swept within Its flame
so great a part of the civilized world.
has affected us very profoundly, and
we are not only at I.iberty, it is per
haps our duty, to speak very frankly
of it and of the great interests of. civil
ization which it affects.
With Its Object We Are Not Con.
With its causes and its objects we
are not concerned. The obscure foun.
tains from which its stupendous food
has burst fortrh we are not Interested
to search for or explore. But so great
a flood, spread far and wide to every
quarter of the globe, has of necessity
engulfed many a fair province of right
that lies very'near to us. Our own
rights as a nation; the liberties, the
privileges, and the property of our
people have been profoundly affected.
We ire not mere disconnected look
The Longer it Lasts The More We Are
"The longer the war lasts, the more
deeply do we become concerned and
it should be brought to an end and
the world be permitted to resume its
normal life and course again. And
when It does come to an end we shall
be as much concerned as the nations
at war to see peace assume an aspect
of permanence, give promise of days
from which the anxiety of uncertainty
shpll be lifted, bring some assurance
ti t peace and war shall always here
ter be reckoned part of the common
,Interest of mankind.
What Affects Mankind is Inevitably
"We are participants, whether we
would or not, in the life of the world,
The interesta of all nations are our
own also. We are partners with the
rest. What affects mankind is Inevi
ably our affair as well as the affair
of the nations of Europe and of Asia.
An Observation on Causes of the War.
"One observation on the causes of
the present war we are at liberty to
make and to make it may throw some
light forward upon the future, as well
as backward upon the past. It is
plain that this wvar could have come
only as it did, suddenly and out of
secret counsels, without warning to
the world ( without discussion, without
any of the deliberate movements of
counsel with which it would seem
natural to approachl so stupendous a
Would Have Substituted Conference
"It is probale that if it had been
foreseen just what would happen, just
what alliances would be formed, just
what forces arrayed against one an
other, those who brought the great
contest on would have been glad to
substitute conference for- force.
Counsel Might Have Averted Struggie,
"If we ourselves had been afforded
sonmc opportunity to apprise the bellig
erents of the attitude which it would
be otir duty to take, of the policies and
pr'actices against which we would
feel bound to use all our moral and
economic strength, and in certain cir
cumstances even our physical strength
also, our own contribution to the coun
sel, which might have averted the
struggle would have been considered
worth weighing and regarding.
"And the lesson which the shockc
of being taken by surprise in a mat
ter so deeply vital to all the nations
of the world has made poignantly clear
is that the peace of the world must
hencefort depend upon a new andl
more wholesome diplomacy. Only when
the great nations of the. world have
reached some sort of agreement as to
whtat they hold to be fundamental to
their comimon interest, and as to some
feasible method of acting in concert
when any nation or group of nations
seeks to disturb those fundamental
things, can we feel that civilization is
at last in a way of justiffing its ex
istence and olaimig to be finally es
tablished, It is clear that nations
must in the future be governed by
the same high cede of honor that we
demand of, individuals.
"We must, indeed, in the' very
satse breath with wwhich we &vow
this convictidn admit: 'that we ilave
our'selveos upon occasion 4n' the past
been oftendpre 4gainsktae ia* of.4J
pIonsacy rhich wq ts1 foreot but
QuI' oohfeb~pl ,s not Regp - bit
'ter th pxre elqr on
W 0a tOt9t11d4
at leant.di.sclosed a great Moral neces
bit yand set forward the thinking of
the statesmen of the world by a whole
. "Repeated utterances of the leading
statesmen of most of the great nations
now engaged in war have made -it
plain that their thought has come to
this, that the principles of public right
must henceforth take precedence over
the indivdual interes~ta o. ..articular
nations, and that the nat. ,ns of the
world must in some way band them
selves together to see that that right
prevails as against any sort of selfish
aggression; that henceforth alliance
must not be set up against alliance,
understanding. against understanding,
but that there must be a common
agreement for a common object and
that at the heart of that common ob
ject must lie the inviolable rights of
peoples and of mankind.
Have Become Each Others'Neighbors.
"The nations of -the world have
become each other's neighbors. It is
to their interest that they should un
derstand each other. In order that
they may understand each other, it is
imperative that they should agree to
co-operate in a common cause, and
that they should so act that the guid
ing principle of that common cause
shall be even handed and impartial
Arbitrary Force Must be Rejected.
"This is undoubtedly the thought
of America. This is what we our
selves will say when there comes prop
er occasion to say Lt. In the dealings
of nations with one another arbitrary
force must be rejected and we must
move forward to the thought of which
peace is the very atmosphere. That
this constitutes a chief part of the pas
sionate conviction of America.
The Fundamental Things.
"We believe these fundamental
things: First, that every people has
a right to choose the soverignity un
der which they shall live. Like other
nations, we have ourselves no doubt
once and again offended against that
principyle when for a little whlie
controlled by selfish passion, as our
franker historians have been honor
able enough to admit; but it has be
come more and more our rule of life
"Seebnd, that the small states of
the world have a right to enjoy the
same respect for their sovereignty and
for their torritorial integrity that
great and powerful nations expect and
insist upon. And third, that the world
has a right to be free from every dis
turbance of its peace that has its ori
gin in aggression and disregard of the
rights of peoples and nations.
"So sincerely do we believe in these
things that I am sure that I speak
the mind and wish of the people of
America wvhen I say that the United
States is willing to become a partner
in any feasible association of nations
form and in order to realize those ob
jects and make them secure against
We Want Nothing Any Other Nation
"There is nothing that the United
States wants for itself that any other
nation has. We ar-e willinig, on the
contr-ary, .to limit ourselves along with
thiemi to a preseritbed course of duty
and respect for the rights of others
which will check any selfish passion
of our own, and it will check any ag
gressive impulse of theirs.
Our Interests Only in Peace.
"If it should ever be our privilege
to suggest or initiate a movement for
peace among the nations ngw at war
I am sure that the people of the Uni
tedl States would wish their govern
ment to move along these lines: First,
such a settlement with regard to their
own immediate interests as the bel
lIgerents may agree upon. We have
nothing material of any kind to ask for
ourselves and are quite aware that we
are in no sense or degree part-ies to
the present quarrel. Our interest is
only in ipeace an~d its future guaran
inviolate Security of the Highway of
"Second, an universal association
of the nations to maintain the invio
late security of the highway of the
seas for the common and unhindered
use or' all the nations of the world
and to prevent any war begun either
contrary to treaty covenants or with
out warning and full submission of the
causes to the opinion of the world
a vir-tual guarantee of territorial in
,tegrity and political indepedence.
World Even Now on Eve of the Great
-"But I did atot come here, let me
repeat, to discuss a program. I came
only to avow a creed and give expres
sion to the confIdence I feel 'that the
world is even now Upon the eve of a
groat consummation, when some com
mon force wvill be brought into exist
ence which shall safeguard right as
the first and most fundamental in
terest of all people and all govern
mentS, when coercion shall ibe sun
moned not to the service of political
ambition or selfieh hostility, but' to
the support of a common order, a
comrnon justice and Gecommon pae
Goed 'gant that th~e. dgwn *t ta,
of frankc delmg n. - hi /~u
SERBIAN ARMY IS
NOW AT SALONIKI
NEW ARMY OF 100,000 REORGAN
IZED ON THE ISLAND OF
TO CO-OPERATE WITH ALLIES
Remnants of'Old Armies Are Supplied
With New Rifles and Clothing and
- Are at Full Strength.
Paris.-After crossing the Aegean
Sea without loss the Serbian army
in full strength now has been landed
at Saloniki, according to a dispatch
received here by wireless telegraphy.
Serbia's new army has been various
ly estimated to number between 80,.
000 and 100,000 officers and men. It
was reorganized on the Island of
Corfu, approximately 700 miles dis
tant from Saloniki.
The Serbian army totalled about
300,000 men at the outbreak of the
war, but this force was greatly de
pleted by typhus and by the engage
ments fought in an endeavor to check
the Austro-German and Bulgarian in
vasion of Serbia and Montenegro. The
reniant of the original armies saved
itself by retreating through the Al
banian mountains to the eastern
shores of the Adriatic.
On reaching the seacoast the Ser
bians were, transported to Corfu,
where they wore supplied with new
rifles and clothing and effi.ciently
equipped for further service on the
ARMY APPROPRIATION BILL
IS LARGEST IN HISTORY
An increase of About $49,000,000 Over
Last Year's Bill.
Washington.-The army appropria
tion bill, unanimously ordered report
ed to the House, includes the appro
priations for carrying out the reorgan
ization provisions of the Hay-Cham
berlain bill, and Is the largest re-gular
army supply bill in the history of con.
gress. It is an increase of about $49,
000,000 over last year's bill.
The bill will be submitted to the
House at once, but according to
Chairman Hay will not come up for
consideration unitil after the national
The National Guard gets close to
$25,000,000 in the bill to carry the
federalization plan into eff ect. The
increase of the regular ar-my causes
another- notable increase, while 'the
creation of a council of executive In
formation for the co-ordination of in
dustries and resources for 'the Nation
al Security and Welfare carries an
appropriation of $200,000.
For purchases and repairs of air
ships, the bill provides $1,000,000
which in in addition to large sums ap
propriated for aviation in recent defi
ciency appropriation bills. The bill
appropriates $150,000 to procure 12
armored automobiles at $10,000 each,
30 s-hielded motorcycles with side cars
at $700 each, 16 motorcycles side car
ammunition caissons at $400 each and
other accessories, along the lines
learned in E1uropean warfare. The war
department is planning .to experiment
with mounting a light field piece on
these armored care, after, trying
'them out with machine guns.
Equipment of the Army and Na
'tional O-ugrd with a new type of auto
matic machine gun is provided for.
The army would get $1,400,000 for 447
of these guns, which cost approri
mately $3,000 apiece. For ordinary
stores and ammunition $2,860,000 is
appropriated, a reserve of 860 pounds
of ammunition per rifle.
UNITED STATES ENLISTED
MEN WHIP 20 BANDITS
Washington. - Further details re
garding the recent engagemnent near
Cruces between seven men- of the
Seventeenth Infantry and an outlaw
band of 20 under the notordous bandit
leaders Cervantes and Bencomon, both
of whom were k-illed by Privttte Geo.
Hulett, were receives at the war de
partmient from General Pershing. His
message, dated from Namiquipa, Miay
28, was as follows:
"Detailed account of the fight yester
day showed splendid conduct on the
part of a detachment of enlisted men,
Without an officer and under Lance
Corporals Davis Barkebury (who died
from wounds) these men fought
against great odds. Drove 'off enemy,
who charged them on horseback. Illspe.
ofal credit is due Private Hueitt, who
killed both Ceryantes and Peoomon
as they rode by him. $era* yf Vils
lit a bandit were Was4e u rait
EMBALMERS END MEETING
Next Annual Convention Goes to
Greenwood-Pace, of Marion, Is
Made -President for Year.
Florence.-The Funeral Directors
and Embalmers' Aspociation of South
Carolina, which met here for a two
day session, concluoed its work and
adjourned to meet in the city of Green
wood at a date in the month of May
to be selected by the executive com
After the business session the visi!
tors were given an automobile ride
around the city and nearby sections,
visiting the industrial school, national
and other cemeteries, Pine Crest dairy
and other points of interest. The visi
tors were charmed with what they
saw and with the progress of the Gate
The annual election of officers for
the ensuing year resulted as folows:
C. L. Pace of Marion, president; Chas.
H. Taylor of Lexington, first vice-pres
ident; A. J. White of Manning, sec
ond vice president; James F. Mackey
of Greenville, secretary and treasurer;
A. H. Mackey of Greenville, assistant
Bapists Select New Orleans.
Asheville, N. C.-New Orleans was
selected as the 1917 meeting place of
,the Southern Baptist convention by
the committee to which the time and
,place of the next meeting was refer
red. The selection was ratified by the
The convention always meets on
the Wednesday after the second Sun
day in May each year, sessions lasting
six days. The Rev. W. W. Landrum,
D.D., of Louisville, Ky., in announcing
the committee's selection, said it
would propose that the opening ses
sion be held at 10 a. m. instead of 3
p. m. as customary. Louisville, Kan
Pas City, Mo., Jacksonville, Hot
Springs and Muskogee, Okla., also
sought to entertain the convention
Tribute was paid to the work of the
Woman's Missionary Union. The re
port of the committee on woman's
work, which was adopted by the
Southern Baptist convention, showed
the progress of the union in the past
year and before it was concluded ap
plause broke out. President Lansing
Burrows rapped for order on two dif.
ferent occasions before he quieted the
Miss Page Lcves Spartanburg.
Spartanburg.-At a meeting of the
board of trustees of the city schools
Miss Lula Page of North Carolina,
who for the past two years has had
charge of the work of training the
childron's chorus for the Spartanburg
music festival, tendered her resigna.
tion as musical director of the city
schools to take effect immediately.
The resignation was accepted, but no
action as to her successor was taken,
altho'ugh it is said there are a number
of applications. It is understood that
Miss Page has decided to leave Spar
tan-burg, necessitating her resignation.
Jubilant Over Railway Prospects.
Bowman.-People are jubilant over
the prospects of having a broad gauge
railroad. The Seaboard people have
already made a survey and it is
thought that work on the new road
will begin betweeni this and first of the
year. This town has a fine country
to back it and with a good railroad
connection this will become on of the
leading towns of the low country. 'The
present road is almost out of commis
sion. Bowman will welcome most
heartily the coming or the Seaboard.
Charlotte, N. C.-Twenty members
of Gov. Manning's staff came to Char.
lotte with the governor to assist In
the reception of President and Mrs.
Wilson, and the South Carolinians
played a prominent part in the events
of the day. Gov. Manning and his
staff were enthusiastically received
on every apperance during their stay
in Charlotte. The party returned on
a special Pullman by the Southern rail
way's twentieth of May extra.
Two Pireman Injured,
,Charleston.--Markley Prince and
'Tem Halsall, firemen of the Charles
ton department were painfully injured
while responding to an alarm of fire
w~hen the trailer behind the depart
anant's big motor tractor turned over
on King street. The trailer was a com
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
Columbia is .trying to secure the
printers' Ranatorium which Is to be
established in the East by the Inter
national Typographical Union.
The one hundred and eleventh com
mencement of the University of South
Carolina will be held June.-11, 12, 13
and 14. One hundred and seven ap
plications for degrees have been re
~eived. Of these 33 are for bachelor
rf law, 33 for bachelor of arts, 10 for
bachelor of science, 20 for master of
msts and five for civil engineer.
Alva M. Lumi.pkin was elected grand
3hancellor South Carolina Knights of
Pythias at the annual convention in
Hugh 0. Hanna of the University of
south Carolina went to Washington as
~he universi-ty's representa~tive to the
irst annual assemblage of the League
0 EDnforce Peace,
3. 0. McAullffe, buuiness manager of
1te Augusta Chronicle and president
if 'the Georgia Prtas Association,.has
90cep~d. ali in'iteto 4.deliver an
4rg'tsgaddta o h
STATE PRESS ME
WILLGO TO YORK
OFFICE-RS OF ASSOCIATION AR.
RANGE FOR MOVEMEN V I
EDITORS WHO ATTE
A LETTER TO ALL ME' HS
Meets June 7-10-Dr. T. W. m
of New York Prinolpal Sp-ei
Expect Large Attendance.
York.-Final arrange,ments are be.
ing made for the annual meeting of
the South Carolina Press Association
at York, June 7 to 10. The princi
pal address will be delivered this year
by Dr. Talcott W. Williams, dean of
the school of journal'sm, Columbia
University, New Yor),. The largest
attendance in the history of the asso
clation is expected at the York meet.
The following notice has been sent
to every member of the State Press
Association with the request that the
officers of the association be informod
at once of the names of all members
who will attend the annual meeting:
"The annual meeting of the South
Carolina Press Association, to be held'
at York, beginning June 7, promises
to be the most largely attended that
the association has ever had.
"We are very anxious for every
member to attend. The hospitable
homes of York will be opened to all
newspaper editors, and their wives,
of course. It could not be a meeting.
if the good ladies were not with us.
"As we must know at once whether
or not you are coming, you will please
acknowledge the receipt of the Inclos.
ed. This is necessary if you wish us
to obtain the railway transportation.
"Please give us the names of the
members of your family who are com.
ing so .that the committee on arrange.
ments may find suitable homes for
you. We are looking for you. Fail not.
"William Banks, President,
"Joe Sparks, Secretary."
Members having annual passes will
not need transportation for them.
selves over the Southern Railway.
York is at the intc-section of the
Southern's line between Rock Hill and
Blacksburg and the Carolina & +
All editors attending the meeting
this year will be routed by way of Co.
lumbia and Chester. Arrangnmente
have been made by the general com
mittee for a special train on the Caro
lina & Northwestern railway to meet
train No. 31 over the Sow'-, rail.
way at Chester on the afte- -wn of
June 7. The editors will arrive in 1
York in time for the first session on
Among the' old
of Sumter, who v
his daughter, Mi
who has been a ravorite with the
members of the association. Mr. Os
ten began the printing business in
Columbia half a century ago. The Os
teen family is one of the best known
in newspaper circles in the South. H.
G. Osteen, a son, is the publisher of
the Sumter Daily Item.
Defense Board Comolles Data.
Columbia.--Members of the Sonuth
Carolina unit of .the naval reserve
board, recently created, held a eon
ference in Columbia at which time the
industries of the state were generally
classified and other matters considpr
ed relative to the appointment of aides
throughout the stawte. About 50 as.
sistants, all civil engineers, have been
appointed, who will co-operate 'with
the central committee in collecting in
formation as to -the natural resources
of the state. The names of the assist..
ants were not announced.
Industries classified were , cotton
mills, oil mills, foundries, machine
shops and all-other manufacturing en.
terprises. Members of the commit.
tee are: W. M. Riggs, president of
Clemson College, ohairman; John Mc
Nela, Columbia; H. L. Scaife, Clin
and Richard N. Brackett, Clemson Col
.'Survey Railway Soon.
SPartanburg.-I..Foowing a meeting
of the finance committee of the Caro
lina Rapid Transit Company, which
proposes to construct an electric, line
from Spartanburg to Clinton held
here, it was announced that bids flor
the work of the Preliminary survey
will be opened at the office of W. L.
Gray in Lafirens soon. Thlis actiorn
marks another step in the preliminary
work connected with the proposed lines
which will extend from Spartanburg
to Clinton, wfth branch lines to Union
Will Address Epworth.Ljague.
Laurens.-The Southi Carolina State
P!lpworth League conference which
meets in Laurena, June 8-11, 'wIll be
visited by Chas. 0. flounshell, travel.
Ang secretary of the atsit vnh
blovement of Ame- i i':. n.
,in securing thOe'.sfm cd'tc~
abell as ho f aW~ I. a
.or and 'att enthusgiaatio worker a