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BY DEL EGAl
National Democratic Conven
tion Acclaims Leader of Four
Years as Party's Choice for
Another Four Years. - Bryan
Speaks to Delegates for 45
Minutes.- Marshall Opposi
tion Melts. Suffragists Active.
NO DISCORD MARS WORK
OF THE BIG CONVENTION
Oelegates Growing Weary of Waiting,
The Rules Committee Changed the
Program by a Unanimous Vote and
the Nomination Took Place Thurs
day Night-Only one Vote Against
President Woodrow Wilson.
son was notified at 1 o'clock
Friday m-arning by Secretary
Tumulty that he and Vice Presl
dent Marshall had been nomi
nated by acclamation at the St.
Louis .convention. His only
"I am very grateful to my
Coliseum, St. Louis.-President WI1
son and Vice President Marshall were
nominated by acclamation by the Dem
ocratic National Convention, the tick
et being completed four minutes be
Marshall Opposition Melted.
There never was any doubt of Pres.
ident Wilson's nomination but there
was a possibility that some vice pres
idental booms might be brought out
in opposition to Vice President Mar
ehell. They melted away, however,
when the convention got in session,
and as soon as President Wilson's
nomination had been made a roaring
tliotmb'of acclamation, Senator Kern,
who renominated Mr. Marshall, cast
aside a long preparled speech and
"I nominate Thomas Riley Marshall
of Indiana for vice president."
To President Wilson's nomination
there was only one dissenting vote,
Robert Emmett Burke of Illinois, who
came to the convention announcing
that he was opposed to the president.
-s vote technically made the presi
dent's nomination, 1,091 to 1.
Firemen Halt Bryan.
The Coliseum was so full thnt the
fire department took charge of the en
trances andl permitted no more to
conic in. William J. Bryan, however,
managed to get b~y and got an up
roarous receptIon. Senator James
learned of the Nebraskan's plight and
At 9:15 o'clock Chairman James
rappedl the convention to order. The
Rev. W. J. Hlardesty, chaplain of the
Missouri senate, offer'ed prayer. After
the prayar the crowd renewed (ts
demands for a speech from Bryan.
Senator Thompson moved a suspen
sion of the rules to permit Mr. Bryan
to speak. There wvere some "nes
hut the chairman ruled two-thirds
had voted in favor.
A committee heade~d by Senator
Kern escortedl Mr. Bryan to the
speaker's place while the floor and
galleries roared their approval.
Speaks 45 Minutes.
Senator Jameos introduced Mr. Bry
an as "one of the leading citizens of
the world and America's greatest
Democrat." Bryan after speaking 45
minutes, was loudly cheered.
Then the roll of the states was
called for nominations. Alabama
yiedded to Nowv Jersey and Judge
John W. Wcscott nominated Presi
Judge Wescott spoko very slowly.
At the rate lie tttered his flrst 300
wvords it would require about one0 hour
andl twenty minutes to conclude.
'Tho delegates were attentive and
quiet as Judge Wescott proceededd
but the galleries were impatient.
"Name him, name him," came cries
fromn the galleries, and Judge Wee
cott hurried his speech.
As he closed at 10:49 with a men
tion of the name of "Woodrow Wil
son" the crowd broke into a great
4enzonstration. Moving picture flash.
lights blased and flags were paraded
in front of the stand. The band play
ed "The Star Spangled Banner"
while a huge banner bearing the
Pr'esident's likeness was unfurled
from~ the roof.
Demonstration for Wilson.
The delegates began a varade bear
Iig sate stanchions. The crowd rose
~tdhts feat. Many delegates ated on
or#irs. 'Dtie" and other' melq
IARSHALL ARE NOMINATED
TION AMID DEMONSTRATION
rES, SUFFRAGISTS AND OTHERS
Renominated For President
delegates wore among the paraders. odn peh
Senators and representatives helped IceonbhfofteOidle
carry banners. Senator Hughes per- gto,!h ad rpeetn h
sonally bore the New Jersey flag. uaim swshoteOioDoc
Sergeant-at-Arms Martin stirred upraytseod henmnon f
the enthusiasm by waving the TexasWorwWionfrPedntfth
"Lone Star" flag, handed over theUntdSae.
heads of the crowd from the chair- h eodscnigsec a
mnan,'s rostrum. -- Other Istate flags md yGvro tato igna
were taken to the platform. The t.wo h rassdlgto
crowd joined in singing a melody, in- ildd
cluding "How Dry I Am," "Old Black Rfrigt igna"stemt
Joe," "The Red, White and Blue," and e fPeiet, oenrSur e
others. fre otePeieta hrils
After the demonstration had been tiu o.
underway 30 minutes, New York and Afe GornrSutcnldd
some other delegates restimed theirth degaswned owito
seats. lne n re vtvt.
Waving a cane over the rail at the OnmtoofSaorHgeth
chairman's desk, Senator Hughes re-ruewrespnddadoblot
newed the clamor by leading three waee eetkn h eeae
oheers for the President. sml ord"y"we h ae
No Effort at Control. o isnadMrhl eecle
The band exhausted the list of adCara ae elrdte
popular national airs, then turned t omiae yacaain
"Tipperary," and the crowd joined in Cod uhsOt
the chorus. Then the musicians went May dlgts nd peaor
back to American sirs. Some of themaiaruhfrtextswnte
delegates stopped long enough to iepeietalnmnto a
drain pop bottles and then went backmaendSatrJeswtget
to it again. The band was so vigorous dfiut etrdodr
keeping up the din that the musicians Rsltoswr hnaotda
went short of breath, so they laid back pitn himnJmsadfre
and let the bass drummer perform IGvro ln fNwYrcar
alone for a while. He 'belabored his maofcmiterscivlo
drum industriously until the bandemennoiytePsdntadVcPei
got their second wind and then went dn fternmntos
back to "Tipperary."SeaoHuhsTgaranVr
There was no attempt to control the (aa oeapitdt ofrwt
crowd. Men and women over-ran the tepafr omte hc tl
platform and the press sections atwainesontlarifiwsrad
will. The passages to the telegraphtorpt _________
rooms were so packed with~ per sons
who had no business in the vicinity , .
that only those who had their tele
graph instruftbents on the platform V
(ouldI send the news of the convou- h.
tlon to the outside world. The police ..' .
made no effort to control the situa-'i .
Then crowd roared when several wo-t'
men suffrage workers with golden! sec
umbrellas and yellow sweaters mount-I .
ed the platform and beld a suffrage
umbrella over the head of Represen
tative H-eflin, one of the most -vigor
ent"I came on behalf of the Ohio dele
h e rgation, he said, "representing the
s b N eunanimous wish of the Ohio Democ
lyracy to second the nomination of
the-enhusasmby avig te TxasWoodrow Wilson for President of the
8Then seon seconden -ec asA
made by GovernorbStuarfeofdViegatea
hato- whom theiArkans s deltg11:on
ChReferring to Virginia "as the motst
ferred~~s~t~ 'E hPIEntah eIL
Afe oero tat ocue
PLANK AS TI
ALL OF PL
Declaration of Senator Walsh
That Platform Plank as Re
ported by Committee Was
Desired by President Wilson,
Broke Down All Opposition
and Suffrage Plank Was Not
ALL OTHER PROVISIONS
MET WITH APPROVAL
Governor Ferguson of Texas Led
Minority Report on Suffrage Amend.
ment.-Senator Stone After 30 Sleep.
less Hours Asked Senators Walsh
and Hollis to Read the Platform
Which Was Adopted and the Con
St. Louis.-The Democratic Nation.
al Convention finished its work Friday
by adopting the platftorm exacty as
approved by President Wilson and sub
mitted by the resolutions committee,
includin gthe plank on Americanism
and that favoring woman suffrage, but
not until the harmony of its three days
sessions had been disturbed with a row
over the suffrage plank.
No voice was raised against the
vigorous declarations of the Amer
canism plank, but at one time it look.
ed as if the suffrage plank had been
lost. And Senator Walsh of Mon.
tana had told the convention that
President Wilson himself considered
it vi-tal to party success, however, it
was voted into the platform by a bal
lot of 888 1-2 to 181 1-2. The entire
platform then was adopted without
Plank on Americanism.
The plank on Americanism con
demns -the actdvities of all persons,
groups and organizatdons in the Uni
ted States that conspire to advance
the interests of a foreign power.
Thorough preparedness on land and
sea against unexpected invasion and
-the joining of the United States with
other nations to "assist the world in
securing settled peace and Justice"
On the Mexican question, the plat
form asserts that American troops
should remain in Mexico until - the
restoration of -law and order there,
and assents that intervention is "re
volting" to -the people of the United
Other planks declare for a mer
chant marine, good roads, conserva
tilon and improved conditions for the
As it went into the platform the,
suffrage plank stands:
"We favor the extension of the
tranchise to -the women of this coun
try, etate by state, on thie same terms
as to -the men."
The woman suffrage leaders con
sidered it a much more favorable dec
laration 'than they got from the Re
publican convcntion at Chicago; they
threw all their force behind it and
won the support of the administra
tion leaders who were found fighting
for them when danger threatened.
Haggard and worn from an- all
night session the Platform-makers
were not ready with their report until
in the afternoon when Senator Stone,
sleepless for more than 30 hours, took
The speaker's atanyl and explaining
that he was 'too tired -to rcad the docu
mont, gave over this task to Sena/tor
Walsh, of Montana, and Senator Hol
lis, of Now Hampshire, who took
turns reading the long declaration.
The fight on the suffrage plank was
in the adr. Everybody was keyed up
to it and when at the conclusion of
the reading of 'the platform, Martin
Lomasney, of Boston, a delegate,
claimed the atstention of the chair, it
was thought he was 'opening the fight.
lIt was several minutes before the
shou-ts of aproval and disapproval
could be stilled sufficiently to hear
t'hat lhe wanted to put 'the son on
record as sympathizing "with the peo.
ple of Ireland."
"Rauis mit him," roared a Ba:lti
more de~legate and the convention hal
rocked with~ laughter.
Gov. Ferguson Starts Fight.
The real fight broke immediately
af-ter, however, when Govlerior F'ergu
son of Texas, who headed the minor
i-ty report against the administration
plank, was given 30 minutes in which
to present it.
The plank offered by the minority
"The Democratic party always has
stood for the sovereignty of the sev
eral sta-tes in the control and ergula
tron of elections. We reaffirm the
historic position of our -party In this
regardi and favor the continuance of
that wise provdsiott of the 'Federall
Constituition, which vests in the sev
eral states in the control and regula
to prescribe the quallificetions of their
FHT OVER SI
IE CONVENTO N
TFORM IS LOUI
SENATOR OLLIE JAMES
Perhanent Chairman of the Nation.
al Democratic Convention.
James R. Nugent, of New Jersey, and
SteOPhen B. Fleming, of Fort Wayne,
The burden of Governor Ferguson's
argument was that suffrage being
-purely a states right question, the
wording of -the majority plank was a
presumptuous recommendation to the
stat'es on how to conduct their elec
Anti-suffrage delegates on the floor
pliied the governor with questions
which brought out in the answers
fresh arguments against the adminis
tration plank. When Ferguson had
finished the convention was in confu
sion and the .tone of the uproar in
the delegate sections was indicative
of sympathy with the opponents of
the administration plank.
Stone Defends Plank.
When Senator Stone took the
speaker's place to defend the plank he
was bombarded with questions and
argument from delegates on the floor
which eventually exhausted most of
the time allotted to him.
Anti-suffrage delegates loudly chal
lenged his references to Governor
Ferguson's statements with cries of
"that's not what he said" and "that's
not fair." Many delegates openly
took the position that the ques'ton
was becoming much confused by the
manner of its presentation. Finally,
Senator Stone yielded to Senator Pitit.
man of Nevada, one of the suffrage
The crowd wanted to howl Pittman:
down and cried "vote, vote."
"Yes, I know you want to vote,"|
Pittmn ahouted at his opponents,
"you'd rather do anyth'ing else than|
hear the truth. Are you men who
are willing to hear women denounced
and afraid to hear a man say some
thing in their behalf ? I want to ap
peall to you to give your sisters and
daughters and mothers the right to
"What's that got to do with this?"
chorused the delegates.
Finally, ignoring lesser outbreaks
and shouting above the din and con
fusion, Pittman managed 'to got
through with his speech.
"Essential for Victory."
In an impassioned speech Senator
Walsh swept aside the smaller ques
tions which had been injected into
the fight and told the delegates that
President Wilson himself knew that
the plank was in the platform and
considered it essential for party vic
"Whatever your opinions may be,"
he said, "we shall never be anything
but a discordant and divided party
unless we surrender some of our con
victions to the wisdom of a majority.
Here fou are confronted, as one of
our famous leaders said, 'with a con
dition, not a theory.' The twelve sur-.
frago states represent 91 votes in the
electorial college. Ever-y political
party has made this dleclaration in
some form .or other. It becomes a sim
ple question of whether you will incur
the enmity of these women. There is
no possibility of losing a single vote
if you adopt this majority plank, be
cause every other party has done the
"I ask you," he cried, "if you're
going to put a resolution in here
that's a lie, You can't adopt this
minority report without stultifying
Senator Walsh then explained that
the President knew about the suf-.
frage plank and added:
"He believes' it vital to his success
that it stay there. I ask you with
all the fervor of my being who is
there here who is wiser or more pa
triotic than he?"
Plaht Won as Storm Rages,
While the fight had been groing on,
a thutider storm burst atid when .the 'i
row An the Oogvention floor was at' its)
Noihtfhe tonrached its climax
with the roaring shout' ci the I1o.;
hnd the clatter ctiueo I by tl1. r.hiq o
'he roof almost drow' n(d o
ipeakers. The sorm claaed just a.
senator Walsh finished speaking and
he closing words of his plea for the
Administration plank swept a change
)f sentiment over the crowd as wel
3ome to the suffragistil as the wave of
3001 refreshing air that pou.red down
nto the Coliseum.
There were renewed cries of "vote
rote," but they were not shouts for
he defeat of the plank. As the clerks
alled the roll of states the votes top
led into the column supporting the
plank as the committee had written
.t so fast that the defeat of the sub
stitute was assured before the call
iad gone a dozen states.
North Carolina cast 11 votes for the
ninority report, and 13 against . It;
south Carolina 18 against it and Vir
inia 24 against it.
At the close of the roll call the
whole platform, as written, was
tdopted and after disposing of some
'ormalities, the convention adjourned
ine die at 3:11 o'clock.
Reed "Kills" Time.
When the convention had opened
5aturday shortly after 11 o'clock,
Jhairman James called for the report
)f the platform committee, but it was
iot ready, and the convention settled
[own to wait.
At 11:43 Chairman James announo
id that the platform report would be
nade in a few minutes. In response
,o a request from delegates to fix the
ime and place for notification of Pres
dent Wilson and Vice President Mar.
hall of their renomination, Chairman
rames explained that it was the plan
o confer first with the candidates.
Senator Reed of Missouri then made
L speech to fill in the time. The bur
len of Reed's speech was an attack
)n the nomination of Mr. Hughes
iecause he was taken from the su
ireme Court bench. He read a state
nent which he attributed to Mr.
lughes in 1912, which declared
,gainst a Supreme Court justice en
"Against candidate Hughes in 1916
quote Justice Hughes in 1912." he
leclared as he read the statement.
While Senator Reed was speaking
senator Stone, chairman, and Senators
Walsh and Hollis, memuers of the
platform committee, entered the hall.
At 12:26 p. m. Senator Stone wnq
Senator Stone spent 30 sleepless
hours In preparing the Democratic
Introduced to p~resent the platform.
In inttroduicing Senator Stone, Chair
man James asked for ordler to hear
'the Democratic deoclaration of," Sen.
itor Stone was given prolonged ap.
"Oh you Bill," a spectator shouted
Tit him, as lie began.
Describing the committee's 19bori
is "somewhat protracted and ardu
>us", Senator Stone made a brief in
"I am not going to readit," said he
eferring to the platform " I have not
>een nhaM M Mnep n. maomnt 'n mo
han ; w "
The :: t ani~,r iue : a; he
endin.; i '~am WV 2 nK ~a
The first aypleuse givien the Dief'
orm was for itbe indorsement of the
LdimnistrationBefore Senator Walsh
ad fiiilshad'the :nrambia suuhn