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WILSON ORDERS U. Se
MILITIA TO MOBILIZE
Mexicans Add to Juarez Garri
son, While American Force
at El Paso is Reinforced.
Precaution to Prevent Smug
gling of Ammunition.
GEN. PARKER'S FORCES
HAVE RETURNED SAFELY
Steadily Increasing Tension in Rela
tions With Carranza Do Facto Gov
ornnent Makes Situaton Bordering
Closely on intervention or Perhaps
Orders to Carolinas and Virginias
North Carolina.-One brigade
of three regiments infantry, two
troops cavalry, one field hospital,
one ambelance company at Camp
Glenn, Morehead City.
South Carolina-Two regiments
infantry, one troop cavalry, at Lex
Ington County Camp, near Colum
Virginia.-To regiments infan
try, one battalion and one sepa
rate battery field artillery, one
company signal corps, one field
hospital at Richmond.
El Paso, Tex.-Preparations were
being made on both Bides of the bor
der at El Paso for possibile hostili
ties. The Juarez garrison was rein
forsed by the arrival of about 100
troops from Chihuahua City, while
Battery A of the New Mexico National
Guard, 140 men, and four 4-inch field
guns and the First Battalion of the
Twentieth Infantry arrived from Co
lum'bus, N. M., to take station at Fort
Bliss, Tex., on the outskirts of El Paso.
The battery is the first of the state or
ganizations to cross into another state
General Bell announced that in any
eventuality the fullest possible protec
tion would be afforded to all law-abid
Ing Mexicans on the American side of
the frontier. The announcement did
much to quiet the fears expressed by
the large Mexican population of the
city. General Bell also reiterated a
public warning to all persons in El
Paso to stay off the strest in the event
Added precautions were taken to
prevent the smuggling of ammunition
across the Mexican line after the ar
rest at the international bridge of
Luis Correr, charged with attempting
to take 2,500 rounds pf small arms
ammunition across the boundary in
motor cars. Correr declined to dis
cuss his case. A heavily-loaded pas
senger train arrived from Chihuahua
City carrying two of the seven Ameri
cans who were left there and 1,000
Mexican refugees from Torr-eon. In
accord with orders received from
General Obregon in Mexico City none
of the Mexicans were permibted .to
cross the American frontier.
Reports from various towns in
Chihuahua and Sonora indicated that
citizens generally are being armed
and that a furore of anticipatory ex
citement prevails throughout north
ern Mexico. On the Mexican side of
the river only 34 men turned out for
the citizens military drill as compared
to three score before.
No Fear For Pershing.
Military men hero continued to ex
press confidence in the ability of Gen.
- eral Pershing's command to protect
itself in any emergency even though
private dispatches quoted the expedi
tionary commander as admitting that
the situation is very tense. It was
pointed out that General Pershing is
prepared to send columns in any
direction from his line, despite Gen.
oral Jacinto Trevino's recent ultimat
umn, if he considers his flanks imper
fled. The dispatches said also thai
heavy guards have been thrown aboul
alt American camps in Mexico and
the temporary field headquarters ai
Colonia Dublan, 20'miles south of the
Uncertainty as to Not'e Reply.
Washington.--No indication was giv
en at the State Department of the
course to be pursued with regard te
the reply to General Carranza's nott
demand jng the withdrawal of thE
American troops now, in Mexico, whici1
is In President Wilso,}'s hands. It had
been intended to dispatch it to Mex
lco Cty by special messengo~r, but re
cent developments may change this
Official reports that recent rafi
along the border had created alarm
-among Americ an residents in Mexiec
- ,City and eisewhere beyond the border
were rdfiected in a message received
*(, the Mexican IEmbassy, from Genieral
C'arrattsa. It stated that exciteinent
ipreva~iletat the Mes~1can Capital 6vr
d~ (hiipos 0t fsn along thebo4
BAKER ISSUES STATEMENT.
..Setetary Baker issued the fol
"in view of the disturbed condl.
tions on the Mexican border and
In order to Insure complete protec.
tion for all Americans, the Presi
dent has called out substantially
all the state mIlitia and will send
them to the border wherever and
as fully as General Funston deter
mines them to be needed for the
"If all are not needed an effort will
be made to relieve those on duty
there from time to time so as to
distribute the duty.
This call for militia is wholly un
related to General Pershing's ex
pedition and contemplates no addi
tional entry Into Mexico, except as
may be necessary to pursue ban
dits who attempt outrages on
"The militia are being called out
so as to leave some troops in the
several states. They will be mobi
lized at their home stations where
necessary recruiting can be done."
and asked Eliseo Arredondo. Ambas
sador designate, what he had learned
of the intentions of the Washington
government towards Mexico. In reply
Mr. Arredondo included a copy of Sec
retary Baker's statement announcing
the call for the militia.
Order Goes to Governors.
The President's orders calling the
National Guard into the Fedeml serv
ice went 'to the Governor of each
State in the form of the following
telegram signed by Secretary Baker:
"Having in view the possibility of
further aggression upon 'the terri-tory
of the United States from Mexico and
the necessity Oor the proper protec
tion of .that frontier, the President
has thought proper to exercise the
authority vested in him by the Ogn.
stitu'idon and laws and call out the
organized militia and the National
Guard necessary for that purpose. I
am, in consequence, Instructed by the
President to call -into the service of
the United States forthwith, through
you, the following undts of the organ
ized militia and National Guard of
-the State of which 'the Preel.
dent directs shall be assembled at the
State mobilivaition point, State camp
ground (or at the places to be desdg
nated 'to you by the commanding gen
eral, department) flor muster
into the servdce of the United States.
(Here follows a list of 'the organi
zations to be furnished by the desig
Minimum Peace Strength.
"Organizationd to e accepted into
Federal service should have the mini
imum peace streng-th now prescribed
for or-ganized militia. The maximum
strength at whdch organ-izations will
be accepted and to which the'y should
be raised as soon as possible. is pro
scilhbed in Section 2, Ta'bles of Organ.
ization, UnIted States Army. In case
any regiment, battalion or squadron
now recognized as such, contains an
insufficient number of organizations to
enable it to conform at muster .to
'regular army organ'izaltion tables,
the organizations necessary to com
plete such uniits may be moved -to
mobilizatifon camps and there inspeo.
ted under orders of the departiment
commander to determine fitne-se flor
recognition as organized mitltia by
the war department.
"Circular 19. Division of Militia
A ff airs, 1914, - pres cri bes organizatione
desired firom States as part of the
local tactical division end only these
organiza~tdons will be accepted into
"It is requested that all officers of
.the adjutant general's department.
quartermaster corps and medical,
crops, duly recognized as 'pertaining
'to sitate headquarters under TPablo 1.
Tables of Orgnnization, Organized
Militia, and not elsewhere required
for duty in State administration be
ordeered -to camp for duty as camp
"Such nmber of these staff off!
cea a the department commander
may determine may be mustered inta
service of the Un'ited States for the
purpose of proper camp administra.
.tion and will be mustered out whep
their services are nio longer required.
"Wher'e reognized brigadieirs or di.
visions are called inin service from
a state, the staff officers pertaining
to these units under Tables of Organ.
1izaation. United States Army, will be
mnrtcred into service and also tihe
anthorized sectors of small arms prac.
tien pertaining Thereto.
*"F'xcept for these two .purposes of
mobil'zation camp service and of the
prescribed camp service with 'tactical
units, officers of state headquartere
r~nd'ar Table 1, above mentioned, will
not be0 mustered into service at this
:time. If .tacticnl divisions later are
I nre~'nted the recnisite official num.
ber of the s'taff officers with rank a.
'wpqrlhedl for divhion staff wi.ll, as
fn q'a nracticable. be called ln-to serv
'in #'Mm those states which have f'urs
niahed tros to such divisions.
"NEWTON? D 9ARNR.
OUT ALL MILITIA
100,000 STATE TROOPS QRDERED
TO MOBILIZE AND PRE,PARE
TO GUARD MEXICAN BORDER
This Move Will Release 30,000 More
Regular Soldiers To Be Used As in
vaders.-Secretary Daniels Orders
War Vessels to Mexico.
Washington.-Virtually the entire
snobile strength of the National Guard
of all states and the District of Colum
bia has been ordered mustered into
the Federal service by President Wil
son. About 100,000 men.are expected
to respond to the call. They will be
mobilized immediately for such ser
vice on the Mexican border as may
later be assigned to them.
Gen. Frederick Funston, command
ing the border forces will designate
the time and place for movements of
guardsmen to the Ititornational line as
the occasion shall require.
In announcing the orders Secretary
Baker said the state forces would be
employed only to guard the border
and that no additional troop move
ments into Mexico were contemplated
except in pursuit of raiders.
Simultaneously with the National
Guard call, Secretary Daniels of the
Navy Department ordered additional
war vessels to Mexican waters on both
coasts to safegard American lives.
At the War, Navy and State De
partments it was stated that no new
advices as to the situation in Mexico
had come to precipitate the new or
Within the last two weeks, how
ever, tension has been increasing
steadily. The crisis presented by Gen
eral Carranza's not(. demanding the
recall of General Pershing's expedi
tionary force has been followed by a
virtual ultimatum served on the
American offcer by General Trevino,
Mexican commander in Chihuahua,
To this was added the possibility that
American and Mexican troops had
clashed across the border from San
Administration officials made no
attempt to conceal their relief over
the safe return of Major Anderson's
cavalry squadron to Brownsville, after
their successful bandit chase. The
troopers crossed in pursuit of bandits
in the face of intimations that they
would be attacked if they did so. Gen
eral Funston himself reported that he
anticipated fighting, presumably with
Mobilization of the National Guards
men to support General Funston's line
will pave the way for releasing 30,000
regulars for immediate service in
Mexico in the event of open hostilities
with the Carranza government. The
guardsmen themselves could not be
used beyond the line without author
ity of Congress and until they had vol
unteered for that duty, as they are
called out under the old militia law.
The new law, which would make them
available for any duty under the Fed
eral government goes into effect
Funston New Has 40,000.
The entire mobile regular army in
the United States, several provisloal
regiments of regular coast artillery,
serving as infantry, and the National
Guard of Texas, New Mexico and Ar-i
zona are now on the border or in
Mexico. Definite figures never have
been made public, but it is understood
General Funston has about 40,000 reg
ulars, and probably 5,000 or more
gardsmen of whom 10,000 regulars
are with General Pershing or scatter
ed along his line of communicatIons
from Namincuipa, Mexico, to Colum
bus, N. M.
Telegrams calling for the 'militia
were sent to the Governors of all
states exept the three whose guards
men already have been mustered in,
after all-day confereonces at the War
Department attendled by Secretary
Baker, Major General Scott, Chief of
Staff, Major General Bliss, Chief of
the Mobile Army, and Brigadier Gen
eral Mills. chief of the militia divis
ion general staff.
780 MEXICAN TROOPS
GO TO NUEVO LAREDO
Laredo, Texas.-Pive hundred in
fanttrymen and 250 artillerymen of the
Mexican army arrived in Neuvo. La
redo, Mex'ico, opposite here, and pa
raded through the streets of - that
town. The parade was witnessed by
a large but orderly crowd.
An anti-Americnn demonstration
Is reported to have boon prevented
in Neuvo Laredo by Genera-l de la
RUSSIANS FORCE AUSTRIANS
TO EVACUATE CZERNOWITZ
London.-Czernowitz, capistal of the
Austian Crowland of Bukowina, Is in
the hands of the Russians, and the
Austrians who had been holding It are
In retreat toward the Carpathiani
Mounmtains. Hard fighting took place
in the capture of -the Czornowitz
bridgehead and in the passage of the
River Pru'th, bit ~when finally the
Russians g'sdned the right bank of the
river the Austriane evmeuated the
THE WORLD OVER
Happenings of This and Other Nation
For Seven Days Ars
THE NEWS OF THE SOUTH
What Is Taking Place In the South.
land Will Be Found In
United States troops engaged a band
of between 26 and 30 Mexican bandits
about ten miles east of San Benito,
Texas, and the Mexicans were put to
flight. There were no American cas
ualties, but three Mexicans were left
General Trevino, commanding the
Carransa army of the north, has ad
vised General Pershing that any move
ment of United States troops from
their present lines to the south, east
or west will be considered a hostile
act and a signal to commence war
fare. This action is upon specific in
structions of Carranza.
Four thousand men of the Durango
division of the Carranza army under
General Arieta have arrived at Con
cho, about sixty miles southeast of
A dispatch from Laredo, Texas, con
firms the report that if the American
forces attempt to cross the RIO Grande
in the Neuvo Laredo district 'In pur
suit of the bandits they will be met
with energetic resistance. The dis
patch states that the confirmation is
upon unimpeachable authority.
From El Vaso, Texas, the news
comes that all United States troops
there were ordered to quarters to be
held under arms until further notice.
In Washington it is stated that Gen
eral Trevino's reported threat to be
gin hostilities in certain events will
positively have no effect upon the do
termination of the United States gov
ernment to apprehend Villa and the
bandits operating with him.
Washington dispatches state that
General Pershing's orders authorize
him to move in any direction he finds
necessary to execute his purposes.
Unless the increasing seriousnesig
of conditions in Mexico forces action,
the reply to General Carranza's de
mand for withdrawal of American
troops probably will be delayed until
after the St. Louis convention.
Conference between state and navy
department officials at Washingtor
have resulted in the formulation oe
definite plans for the removal of al
Americans who should gather in Mex
lean ports should a serious outbreal
occur and force them to flee or shoul
there be a clash between Mexican an<
The possibility of calling out morq
state militia to protect the Texas bor
der has been the subject of renewet
discussion among Washington offi
Many Washington officials are con.
vinced that the Mexican de facto gov.
ernment is tottering and think that
General Carranza may have sent his
belligerent note with the deliberate
purpose of provoking the Washington
administration to intervention.
Instanees are reported wher-e tax
collectors sent by the Carranza gov
er-nmnent have been driven out by the
Mexican state authorities and people.
One of the three Mexican bandits
killed in the chase of outlaws who
raided the T. A. Coleman ranch, north
west of Laredo, Texas, wvore a Car
ranza uniform bearing the insignia of
a Carranza lieutenant colonel, who
was identified as Lieutenant Colonel
Villareal of the Carr-anza army.
A cowboy who escapedl from the
Mexicans when they wvere surprised
in the attemp~t to burn the Internation
al and Great Northern bridge near
Webb, says the outlaws talked freely
of their purpose to burn the bridge
and wreck a train, after which they
intended killing and robbing the pas
A London dlispatch states that every
thing in the range of possibility will
be done to satisfy the United States
anent the neutral mail controversy
which is now being carried on by the
Unitedl States state department and
the entento allies.
At no point have the Teutons been
able to stop the big Russian offensive.
The Russians have now captured
thue town of Sniatyn, which lies only
twventy mniles northwest of the Buko
Along the entire Russian line the
Germans and Austro-Hlungarians are
being driven back, and the Russians
are still 'aking thousands of prisoners
and capturing guns, machine guns and
In eleven days the Russians have
captured 1,780 offIcers and 120,000 men
and 130 guns and 200 machine guns.
There is little lighting around Vere
dun. The Canadians are exhibiting
much bravery aroundl Verdun.
Blerhn reports that all the Russian
efforts have failed, and' that the Rus
sians have been repulsed with heavy
The Russians now have retaken
Dubno, the second of the fortrasses
in the Volhynian triangle, and are
pressing the retreating Austrians to
It is reported that the czar's war
ehips have won' an important engage
menit in the Baltic, and that twelve
German merchantmnen have been sent
to the bottorn. Berlin says that only
ine vesvel W4ma sunt
Heavy fighting .is Ii progress vir
tually over the entire eastern front
from the Gulf of Riga to Bukowlna,
a distance of between sex hundred
and seven hundred miles.
The Germans have taken the offen
sive against the Russians northwest
of the Pripet marsh region, in anlef-'
fort to divert the attention of the: Rut
sians who are in the second week of
their drive against the Austro-Hunga.
rians from the Pripet marshes south
ward to Bukowina.
The French government is detain
ing all Greek vessels.
In southwest Russia in the region
of Lutsk, fresh advances against the
Austro-Hungarians are reported to the
Russian war officq.
In the southern part of the East Ga
lician region the Russians are near
ing Czernowitz, capital of the Austrian
crownland of Bukowina.
The Russians have given ground
only near Bodulintze, north of Buc
zacz, in Galicia, where the Austrians
were reinforced by German troops.
The number of prisoners taken by
the Russians since their offensive is
said to be more than one hundred and
All dispatcTees from Petrograd re
mark on the fine work of the Rus
sian artillery to which the recent swift
advance is mainly attributed.
. The Russians contend that the Ger
man steel fortresses can be taken.
It is stated in Petrograd that Czer
nowitz, capital of the Austrian crown
land of Bukowina, has fallen.
It is stated that hostile aeroplanes
bombed Kantara, Egypt, and with a
machine gune fired on Romani. They
were driven off by the British air
craft, with few minor casualties at
Kantara; no casualties at Romani.
President Wilson, in his West Point
speech, Paid that "mankind is going
to k.now that when America speaks
she means what she says."
President Wilson says the present
war did not come by accident, but
that it had to come, and went on to
say that no man can tell what a day
will bring forth in the world's events.
The citizen's encampments, includ
ing that at Fort Oglethorpe, will get
$500,000 in the army appropriation bill.
A constitutional amendment to dis
qualify federal Judges from holding
any elective office for at least two
years after leaving the bench has been
introduced in the senate.
Diplomats representing the United
States in foreign countries are feel
ing the high cost of living to that
extent which will cause them to re
sign if immediate relief is not af
forded by the United States govern
ment, and Secretary Lansing has ask
ed congress to appropriate $76,000 for
I special allowances.
- The federal trade commission has
I concluded its gasoline investigation,
I and a report will be made soon.
I Secretary Baker is in St. Louis as
the personal representative of Presi
dent Wilson at the Democratic cogiven
The president has written several
planks of the Democratic platform, al
though the precise phraseology will
be left to the resolutions committee.
After being ill only a few hours,
United States Senator Edwin C. Bur
leigh died at his home in Augusta,
Maine. His wife died a month ago
New York bankers are arranging to
extend $100,000,000 credit to the re
public of France, it is authoritatively
In the maneuvers off Cape Ann the
torpedo boat destroyer McDougal was
damiaged and forcei to head for the
Boston navy yard for docking and re
A charge that foreign-born citizens
of the United States are trying to
levy political blackmail and to under
mine the influence of the national
government, is going the round at the
St. IAmuis convention. It is said to
have emanated from President Wil
son's flag clay speech in Washington.
This assertion is probably the keynote
of one of the foremost issues on
which Wilson will go before the coun
try for re-election.
Theodore Roosevelt has undergone
an X-ray examination in New York
City for what he characterized asq a
slight breaking of the muscles around
the rib which was broken when lhe
was thrown from a horse on May 24,
It is given out that Colonel Roose
velt will make no statement until af
ter' June 26th anent his intention re
garding his nomination.
In an automobile accident near
Cuthbert, Ga., one person was killed
and six injured as a result of the steer
ing gear becominug im palired.
Cotton used for the ten months end
ing May 31 was 5,335,573 running
bales, compared with 4,685,861 a year
Returning delegates from the Pro
gressive national convention are sure
that Theodore Roosevelt will make
the race, and it is stated will pro
caed just as if he hadl already given
President Wilson attended the grad
nation exercises at the military acad
enmy. WVhen the naval yacht Mayfiow.
nr carrying the president and Mrs.
Wilson anchored off the academy
grounds a national salute of twenty
one guns was fired and answered from
TIheodore Roosevelt was nominated
by the Progressive party as its ores.
idential candidate in the Nov.ember
election. John M. Parker of Louisia
na is his running mate, and in the
event of Mr. Roosevelt's declination
to make the race Mr. Parker may head
OVER ONE HUNDRED YOU
MEN AND WOMEN RECKIVi
BENNETT DELIVERS ADDRESS
Strong Appeal for Life Plan Buit
Upon High ideals is Urged by
The Eminent Divine.
Columbia.-The 111th year of the
University of South Carolina came to
an end with the annual graduating
exercises and the June bald.
The Rev. R. H. Bennett, b.D., of
Emory University presented a strong
lesson in his liteirary addrews before
the graduating ciase. "I am going to
give you a- few'arrow heads pointing
to success," said Dr. Bennett, and he
urged that the young men and young
women go forth on 'the battlefield of
life with a fixed- purpose, with a fired
motive, with the idea of service pe
curely lodged in their minds, with an
everlasting determination ito: succeed,
regardless of olbtaclesi .an4.-always
remembering tha't..onty a i.re char
acter is a strong one.
The Joseph Dapiel Po'ps.pedal for
the best essay on. "1Dquity,' 'ritten
by a member of the senior, law class,
was won by Shannon Wallac.. The
Presen'tation was made by 3. Nqleon
Frierson, professor In the school of
Two honorary degrees were confer
red. Prof. James I. McCain of Ers.
kine College was given a doctor of let
ters and Prof. William Cain of the
University of North Carolina was
given a doctor of laws degree.
William Spenser Currell, president
of the univeraity, said that he could
not let the fine body of young men and
young women leave the university
without a final word from him, and he
paid tribute to their work and .to thetir
part in making this year at Carolina
what it has been.
Dr. Curroll announced that here,
after students would be admitted on
12 units but that the other two to
make a total of 14 units must be made
up in the college in addition to the
regu-la.r college work before a degree
would be conferred. In case a student
comes from a school of 14 or more
units, then 14 units will be required
New Concrete Pier Accepted.
Charleston.-The new concrete pier
and benthing slip constructed at the
Charleston navy yard at a co 9,
$300,000 to the United States govern.
ment has been finished and finally ac
cepted by the federal authorities ax.
ter an inspection by a board of offi
cors at the head of whom was Civil
Engineer Reid, public works officer
at the yard. Along with the pier has
been built a concrete retaining wall
against the shore which thus provides
a protected basin which will be dredg
ed so as to pvrovide berthing and dock
lng facilities for vessels of the tor
pedo boat destroyer type.
This pier projects out for a din
-tance ,of 300 feet. It 'then turns at
right angles down stream for a din
ance of 450 feet. It is built almost
entirely of concrete, the piles being
of that material, reinforced with
steel r'ods. The flooring is also of
concrete. Some of the piles are cdose
to 90 feet in length. The inclosed
basin between the arm of the L and
the retaining wall will be dredged. It
now varies from 3 to 20 feet in~ depth.
The pier is not as long as originally 2
Planned. The cause of this is that
the piles had1 to be sunk to a dep'th
of 80 and 90 feet in most places in
stead1 of the orginal 30 and 40 as esti.
Boy Drowns in River.
Spartanburg.---Harry Taylor, the
14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Hiar.
ry Taylor of this city, was dlrowned
in LinviHe river, near Linvills Falls,
N. C., according to a message receiv
ed here. He was a member of a caanp.
ing party of boys accompanied by the
Rev. H. KC. Pendleton, rector of the
Church of the Advent of this city.
Diplomas Given Cadet Menfi
Charieston.-Despite bad weather,
many friends and relatives of the grad.
uating class of the Citadel gatbhered
at the German Artillery hall to wit
ness the exercises which marked the
climax of the academic careers of 31i
Young men, the recipients of diiplo
as. The cadet band added to the oc.
easion by dispensing music. Dr. W. 2
T. 1981ii of the faculty of Swarthmore %
College delivered an exceptionally
strong address upon "TPhe Wor1
War's Challenge 'to American Patriot. :
Is'n." Medals were presented.
Woman Kied in Acoident,
Rock Hill-Mrs. Belle PhifHipe, I
dow of the late Vander Philips ot .
Rockingham, N. C., was alenost hi
stantly killed when 'train No. 114,''
Charlotte to.- Columbia, crashed inii )
an sgomobile at Steele's orcgssing
near the city limits. The rear of the
machine was demolished, but 'the ot.'
er occupants escaped injuy of
quence. Mrs. Phillips, with he~ w,
children, a boy of 18 years and a
of 7 years, was coming 'to Rook
to vtsit her brotber, Georgq Mot
sie, of the Aragon village.