Newspaper Page Text
NOTE TO CARRANZA
President Wilson Summoned
Foreign Affairs Committee
Heads to White House for
Sunday Night Conference on
NOTE IS RECEIVED FROM
DE FACTO GOVERNMENT
States That Carrizat Fight Was Direct
Result of Soldiers Moving Other
wise .Than Towarcis the Border as
Ordered by Carranza and Communi
cated to General Pershing.
38,000 MILITIAMEN IN
EAST GO IN CAMPS
New York.-More than 38,000
of the 128,000 National Guards
men of the Department of the
East, comprising 22 states east
of the Mississippi and District
of Columbia, were in mobiliza
tion camps Sunday night, six
days after the call was issued,
according to the report forward
ed to the War Department by
Major General Wood, command.
ing the department. Of this
number Massachusets contribu
ted 8,000 and New Jersey 6,000.
Washington.-A demand for the Im
mediate release of the Americn1 troop.
era taken prisoner at Carrikal coupled
with a stern notification. that the Unit
,-r" ,tates expects an Iearly statement
of tht urposes of..the Carranza Gov
ernment'Wafi QI1f'raphed to Mexico
City by Secretary Lansing.
The note discloses that the State
Departmen't received a communication
from the de facto Government stating
that the Carrizal fight was the' direct
result of orders to attack American
soldiers moving otherwise than to
wards the border personally issued by
General Carranza to General Trevino
and by the latter communicated to
In reply Secretary Lansing requires
that the do facto Government transmit
a definite statement "av to the courqe
* of action it has determined upon,'
through the usual diplomatic channels,
'and not through subordinate military
The Mexican communication is con.
strued, Secretary Lansing states, "as
a formal avowal of deliberately hoe
tile action against the forces of the
UjnitedI States now in Mexico and of
the' purpose to attack without provo
cation whenever they move from their
present position despite the friendly
mission on which they are engaged
and which is re-affirmed in the Amer
White House Conference.
General Carranza is required to
place himself on record formally and
.' the plain intimation lies behind the
restrained language of Mr. Lansing's
communication that force will be met
walh force. Apparently, however, the
Washington Governmeait is determin
ed that the do facto Government shall
not evade responsibility before the
* world if war is forced upon the United
The note and the military situation
of the United States were talked over
at the White House by the President
with Chtairman Stone, of the Senaste
* Foreign Relations Committee, Senator
Lodge, ranking Republican member,
* ' and Chairman Flood of the House
' Committee on F'oreign Affairs. Rep
resentative Cooper, ranking minority
- member of the House Committee, was
-4 out of the city.
After the conference which lasted
inore than an hour, Senator Stone
~: said the situation wvas "exceedingly
acute." The President had felt it
necessary to acquaint Congress wvith
the state of affairs and the action
'? taken, through the Foreign Affairs
Committee. It 'was indicated that he
tnight desire to address a joint see
slont of the House and Senate in a
* day or two, but would not take this
ia1 step until the Mexican Govern
~zent had been given ,an opportunity
,'~ ~' '", ~Warlike Says Stone.
4ePresident told those at the con
> ~ tnoe of the note from General Car
~,ipa avowing the attack on Amern.
.,Altro9ps at Carrizal, aind of the re
Sthat he had directed to be sent.
S0nator Stone was very emphatic
rs.in regard to the demand
~'4ease *d'the p-isoners, y
i(~nhet bhve these men." he said
OPS TO BORDER
order that a clear knowledge of what
had happened at Carrizal should be at
"But if they are going to attack our
men without cause,' he said, "there is
only one thing to do. We will never
have peace down there until wq use
force enough to compel it."
There is reason to believe that the
military situation may be influencing
the AdministrAion's diplomatic course,
as well as the desire to make it clear
to the world and particularly to the
Latin-American Nations that the Unit
ed States is being forced into warlike
measures by hostility of General Car
The War Department is making
every effort to speed up mobilization
of the National Guard. A few com
panies have been mustered in. Others
will take the oath at once. In 48 hours,
probably, a substantial force will be
en route to the border to back up
General Funston's line.
Must First Be Ready.
It may be four or five days, how
ever, before War Department officials
would feel safe in withdrawing regu
lars from the border patrol to form
the cutsting edge of whatever force
they may hurl to the support of Gen
eral Pershing's column, should aggres
sive action be ordered.
It seems doubtful that a formal dip
lomatic rupture will be forced before
ad-equate military precautions are pos-,
sible, particularly as lit has been inal
cated that quick, drastic actin, is
President Wilson's desire should Gen
eral Carranza force the. ;die of the
army against him.
Mr. Wilson's visitors sought light
on these queoonjs. Specific figures
were not evi-,lable as to the garripons
at varlis border towns, the number
of.-iuardsmen who have responded to
the President's call, or the time that
would be required to get the entire
force to the border. These details
have been left to the War Department
and Secretary Baker was not present
at the conference. The general situ
ation was presented, however, and
there is reason to suppose that the For
eign Affairs Committeemen opproved
the President's course.
No Talk of Mediation.
One fact as to the conference is
significant. There was no discussion
of the possibility of mediation. The
subject was not mentioned either by
the President or his callers, Senator
This statement came In the face of
a formal notification to Eliseo Arre
dondo, Mexican ambassador designate,
by his government, thMA it approved
the principle of mediation as pro
posed by. seceral Latin-American
coun tries. Mr. Arrendondo expected
ea~rly authorization to begin conversa
tions with his Latin-American col
leagues here, .in tan effort to divert
the crisis to peaceful channels.
There was no indication tihat any
di'plomat had attempted to sound See
reitary Lansing in this respect.
It is known, however, that he
holds that the United States has noth
ing 'to mediate since ilts only object
is :the protection of its own borders.
Hie has forma'lly notified all Latin
American diploma'ts that the Washing
ton government has no aggresive pur.
-pose toward Mexico, but is resolved
to free fits citizens along the bor-der
of Ithe danger of bandit raids.
BRINGING A LETTER
TO PRESIDENT WILSON
Paris.--A Madrid dispatch to The
Temps quotes The Impericial as re
porting that President Wilson wHi re
ceive a message from the German Em
peror in the same manner as did King
Alionso. This statement is included
in an interview which the representa
itive~s of The Imparcial had with the
German naval alttache, von Krohn,
who declared that the bringing of let
ters of the King of Spain by a German
submarine could not affect Spanish
neutrality, which 'the Germans respect.
'Dhe Spanish newapapers, the dis
patch adds, demand thait the govern
mont take measures to prevent a repe
tition of the submarine incident.
Presents Mediation Offer.
WVashington--Ignacio Calderon, min
intcr from Bolivia, acting on 'the 'be
half of several South and Central
American republics, has presented to
Secretary Lansing an offer already ac-.
eeptedl "in principle" by General Car
ranza .tb mediate in the crisis with
SOME MARYLAND GUARDS
HAVE A "YELLOW STREAK."
Baltimore..About 140 mem
bers of the Maryland National
Guard In camp at Laurel fefus
ed to take the oath containing
tlpe three years reserve clause.
Several of ti'em gere banded
together and , tr ps - of :yel
tied to thoel uaforms. The.
MOREY, LEFT TO
DIE, WAKES WAY
TO U. S. TROOPS
AMERICAN CAPTAIN SENDS LET
TER TO PERSHING DESCRIB
ING CARRIZAL AMBUSH.
FIRST SURVIVORS TELL
OF BATTLE AT CARRIZAL
Captain Lewis Sidney Morey of the
Tenth Cavalry Wires His Wife That
He is Safe on the American Line of
San Antonio, Texas.-Left to die of
loss of blood and thirst, two miles
from the scene of the encounter be
tween Mexican and American troops
at Carrizal, Capt. Lewis Sydney
Morey of the Tenth Cavalry has made
back to the American lines.
General Funston received by tele
phone from Mrs. Morey, now at
Austin, Tex., the following message
which reached her by wireless from
"Somewhere in Mexico. Am back
on the line with two men, safe.
That, according to Mrs. Morey, was
the manner in which Captain Morey
signed all communications to her. A
letter fron Captain Morey written
while,.hlding in a hole near the scene
of .tWe fight at Carrizal, after his men
hid been broken and scattered by
the Meuican force, was received by
General Funston through General
Letter Tells of Ambush.
In that letter Captain Morey had
described how, fearing an ambush,
the American troopers had advanced
in battle formation on the Mexicans
who had come out from Carrizal dur
ing a parely over permission for the
Americans to pass through the town;
how the Mexicans had opened fire,
and how the remaining Americans
had been forced to retreat and scat
ter, each for himself. Army officers
here hope that the return of Captain
Morey will serve to provide the mis
sing links in the story of the encount
er at Carrizal and determine the fate
of each member of the little recon
How Captain Morey managed to
make his way to the American main
column, a distance of more than 80
miles, is unknown here, but it is in
ferred he was picked up by a de
tachment of the rescuing force sent
out by General Pershing. He was
without food or water in a desert
country and It is believed his suffer
ings must have been intense. Noth
ing to confirm rumors of a clash be
tween Pershing's men and the Carran
mistas was received by eneral Fun
eton. tonight and all was reported
quiet along the border.
Left to Die in Desert.
Captain Morey wrote his letter at
9:15 a. in., June 21. while hiding in
a hole about 2,000 yards from the
scone of the battle. Captain Morey
was wounded and had another wound
ed man with him. The three un
wounded men were picked up by a
detachment under Lieut. Henry A.
Moyer, Jr., of the Tenth Cavalry and
the letter brought to General Persh
Captain Morey was left to die upon
the desert from thirst and his wounds.
The men abandoned him at his own
orders. The three unwounded men
had carried him, according to their
stories, to Liout. Meyer from the hole
where he had hidden and made their
way nearly two miles from the bat
They were forced to stop and Cap
taini Morey, believing himself hopce
lessly wounded, ordered them to leave
him. They also thought him about to
die from loss of blood and thirst and
Vague About DetaIls.
The stories of the rescued men told
to Lieut. Meyoer were vague about the
details of the fight, according to Gen
Pershing's roport to Geni. Funston.
Captain Morey's letter told of the
joining of Troop C under Captain
Charles T. Boyd and Troop K under
his own command at Ojo Santo Do
mingo, Juno 20, and the advance to
gether toward Carrizal June 21. He
arrived in an open field a mile from
Carrizal at 7:35 in the morning.
There they halted and Captain Boyd
Bent a courier into Carrizal asking
permission of General Felix Gomez
to enter the town, saying he was go
ing to Villa Ahumada. Gomez re
plied that he would not be allowed
to enter the town, but might make a
8etour around it.
Fearing that they were about to be
trapped by the Mexicans which had
sallied out from the town during the
parely, the American troops deployed
in battle formation, mounted and
moved forward. The Mexicans then
opened fire. Captain Boyd ordered
his men to dismount and return the
fire, the engagement lasting about an
Captain Morey's Letter,
Ppilowing is the text of Idoray's
New Attack Order
Chihuahua City, Mexico.-Amer
vancing from the American field ba
and Ojo Caliente, and General Jacir
attack them If they do not immedia
General Trevion said the Americ
that they received at Carrisal, as he
orders to the letter. In this, he said
him, and they would remain with hir
The Mexican commander said tt
as General Pershing seemed ignorar
that outside of five additional prisor
Americans were annihilated, althouM
General Pershing his wired here
It was officially announced that
here will be hanged, that "not being
The seventeen American negroe
have been placed in 'the penitentiar)
rangements for removing them to J1
Lem Spillsbury, the Mormon sce
prison. The prisoners were assaulte
were being transferred from the tral
the authorities they are being well t
The troopers brought here are I
W. Ward, Jones, Sockes, Marshall 01
Stone, Harris, Lee, and Graham of
of Troop C.
According to a statement, said t
made public today by General Trei
know which side began the firing. I
practically all the Americans who 14
they advanced to a deep ditch in wl
when other Mexicans, getting aroun(
tacked them from the flank.
ALL VILLA TROOPERS
JOINING MEXICO ARMY.
Former Generals Under Bandit
Hasten to Ally Themselves
With the Carranzistas.
El Paso, Texas, June 27.-Villa
troops, Villa Generals, and former
enemies of Villa are flocking to the
Mexican colors. Two troop trains
have arrived in Chihuahua from the
Laguna district with 2,000 former
Villa soldiers under Generals Calexico
Contreras and Canuto Reyes. They
have joined the Carranza troops in
Chihuahua City and received the best
barracks in the state capital, and are
cheered every time they drill or ap
pear on the streets. Another train is
expected In Chihuahua with the com
mand of General Ysabel Robles, an
other Vdlla General, who surrenderd
the state of Chihuahua to Consul An
dres Gr -cia for the Carranza govern
ment. ALny other minor Villa leaders
are jot; ng the Carranza troops in
Chihuah.a City and are being sent to
the field near Villa Ahumada. This
news was brought to the border by
one of the five men who have been
at Parrel, but who came out with the
last party of Americans.
They were in Chihuahua City when
the former Villa troops marched from
the Mexican Central station to the
barracks. He said the demonstration
in their honor was as great as when
Villa rode into Chihuahua the first
time, and there were a number of
shouts of "Viva Villa!l" heard in the
The return of Villa to take com
mand of his former troops is being
frequently predicted by his friends,
whosinsist he is not dead, but has been
hiding in the mountains of Durango.
They say Villa will take this opporun
ity of wreaking his vengeance on the
United States. and that he will be re
ceived with acclamation by the Car
ranza Government and the Mexican
June 20. Met C troop under Captain
Boyd. I came under Captain Boyd's
command and marched my troop in
rear for Carrizal at 4:15 a. in., reach
ing open field to southeast of town at
6:30 a. m.
"Captain Boyd Bent in a note re
questing permission to pass through
the town. This was refused. Stated
we could go to the north, but not
east. Captain Boyd said he was go
ing to Ahumada at this time.
"He was talking with Carranza coin
mandler. General Gomez sent a writ
ten message that Captain Boyd could
bring his force in town and have a
conference. Captain Boyd feared an
ambush. He was under the impres
sion that the Mexicans would run as
soon as we fired.
"We formed for attack, his inten
tion being to move up to 'the line of
about 120 Mexicanis on the edge of
the town. We formedl C Troop on the
left In line with skirmishere, one
platoon of K Troop platoon on ex
treme right, echeloned a little to the
Opened Fire at 800 Yards.
"When we were within 300 yards
the Mexicans opened fire and a
strong one before we fired a shot;
then we opened up. They did not
run. ,To make a long account short,
after about an hour's fire In whrich
both troops had advanced C Troop to
position of Mexican machine gun and
K Troop closing In slightly to the left.
We were very busy on the right, keep
ing off a flank attack. A group of
Mexicans left town, went .around our
rear and led our horses off at a gallop.
About 9 o'clock one -platoon of K,
Troop which was on 6us.t iketsfel,
ed By Geneai
Must Move Back
ican columns have been seen ad
e in the direction of San Antonio
ito Trevino has issued orders to
ans would get the same treatment
was determined to carry out his
he had all his subordinates with
: dn case of a rupture.
hat it seemed probable, inasumch
,t of the fate of the Boyd column,
era now being brought here the
h it was possible more had escaped.
for the names of the dead and the
none of the prisoners brought
the custom of a civilized country."
s captured in the Carrizal battle
here. There have been no ar
arez to be surrenderd to the Amer
ut, captured at Carrizal, also is in
d by Mexican civilians as they
ai to the penitentiary. According to
'rivates Page, Peterson, N. Lloyd,
Iver, M. Donald, Williams, Givens,
'roop H, and Howe and Alexander
o have been signed by Spillsbury,
ino, neither he nor the negroes
;pillsbury's statement says that
wt their lives were killed when
dch Mexicans were stationed and
I to a deep ditch in their rear, at.
RUSHING SUPPLIES TO
THE NATIONAL GUARD
Dozens of Carloads Hurried
Forward From Philadelphia
Arsenal for Eastern Camps.
Philadelphia, June 27.-Many addi.
tional workers were hired and two
new three-ton auto trucks were pur
"hased to aid in handling the tremen
IOus supply of equipment being rush
3d from the Schuykill to National
Juard camps of the Atlantic Seaboard
states. Twenty-one carloads of sup.
plies ,including tents, uniforms, shoes,
hats, leggins, underwear, and ordin
ance were shipped from the arsenal
and twenty-five carloads left the arse
The sudden increase in the forces of
the army caught officials of the arse
nal unawares. Lieut. Col. George H.
Penrose, in charge of the purchasing
department of the arsenal, has been
authorized by Secretary of War Baker
to make all necessary purchases, so
that National Guardsmen may be fully
Ten thousand blankets purchased
arrived at the arsenal in more than
a score of automobile trucks.
"It will require ten days yet for us
fully to equip the additional quota of
guardsmen in the East," said Lieut.
Col. Penrose tonight.
Orders were placed for 236,000
blankets, 197,000 undershirts, 199,000
drawers, 160,000 pairs of canvass leg
gins, 25,000 leather leggins, 100,000
hats, 1,000 bedsacks, 6,000 mosquIto
bars 8,000 cots, and' 8,000 yards of
shirting flannel. The orders amount
ed to $1,400,000,
Ammunition Is Moved.
Laredo, Texas.-Two million rounds
of ammunition consigned to Carranza
military authorities in the interior of
Mexico, amnd recently confiscated by
United States customs officials, were
sent by special .train to the govern
ernent supply stores at San Antonio.
troop who were there these men
"I was slightly wounded. Captain
Boyd, a man told me, was killed.
Nothing was seen of Lieutenant
Adair after .fight started, so men I
"I hid in a hole 2,000 yards from
field and have one other wounded
man and three men ~with me.
Comment by Pershing.
In transmitting Captain Morey's
letter General Pershing said:
"The three men referredl to by
Mercy are the three men who had
ab~ove message in thelir possession.
Tho wounded man was from C Troop
shot through the knee. Lieutenant
Meyer reports that the three men
were rather yague as to where they
had left Captain Morey, but stated
that on the night of the twenty-first
they had carried him two miles, that
Morey became weak, could not go fur
ther and told them to leave. Meyer
reconnoitered 20 miles east of Santa
Maria, but found nothing. Out of
grain and forage, horses in bad shape,
had to return,"
have been ordered, a shortage for a
few days is almost a certainty.
Colonel Stanley received orders to
go into the open market and buy at
market prices anything needed, Shoes
are needled more than anything else.
he said, but it was stated there was
little liklihood of any adequate sup
ply binlg available in -lees than
Germans Re~pulse Russian.
Berlin,,via L'ondon.-Viobent attacks
n the Austr'o-Glerman do60 Wich
aT9 i t0M4 6hinssian Offensive
LANSING SENDS NEW
NOTE TO CARRANZA
LATEST NOTE FROM UNITED
STATES 18 SHORT BUT POS
TIVE IN DEMANDS.
MUST RELEASE PRIS0tv tS
In reply to Note From Carranza About
Carrlzal Battle President Wilson De.
mands an Immediate Release of the
Washington.-The official text of
the note to the Mexican de facto gov
ernment, transmitted to James Lynn
Rodgers, special representative of the
American government in Mexico City
"Mr. Arredondo delivered to this
government the follQwing communica
"'. am directed by my government
to inform Your Excellency, with ref
erence to the Carrizal incident, that
'the Chief Executive, through the
Mexican war department, gave orders
to Gen. Jacinto B. Trevino, not to
permit American forces from Gen
eral Pershing's column to advance
further South, nor to move either
East or West from the points where.
they 'Are located, and to oppose new
incursions of American soldiers Into
Mexican territory. These orders were
brought by General Trevino to the:
attention of General Pershing, who.
acknowledged the receipt of the com-.
munication relative thereto. On the
22nd Instant, as your excellency knows.
an American force moved eastward
quite far from its base, notwithstand
ing the above orders and was engag
ed by Mexican troops at Carrizal,.
State of Chihuahua. As a result of'
the encounter several men on both,
sides were killed and wounded and 17
American soldiers were made prison
"You are hereby instructed to hand
to the Minister of Foreign Relations.
of the de facto government the fol..
"'The government of the United.
States can put no other construction,
upon the communication handed to.
the secretary of state of the United.
States on the 24th of June by Mr. Ar
redondo, under instru'tion of yioifr
government, than that it is intended.
as a formal avowal of deliberately
hostile action against the forces of
the United States now in Mexico and.
of the purpose to attack them without
provocation whenever they move from.
their present position in pursuance of
the objects for which they were sent.
-there, notwithstanding the fact that.
those objects not only involve no un
ernment and peol
are on the contrar.
assist that govern
itself and the ter.
pie of the United States against Irre
sponsible and insurgent bands of rebel,
"'I am instructed, -therefore, by my
government to demand the immediate
release of the prisoners taken in the
encounter at Carrizal, together with
any property of the United States
Itaken with them and to inform you
that the government of the United
States expedts an early statement froml
your government as to the cour-se of
action it wishes the government of
the United States to understand it has.
determincd upon and that it also ex..
pects that this statement be made
through the usual diplomatic channels.
and not through subrodinate military
CRISIS WILL FIND CONGRESS
READY FOR EMERGENCIES.
House and Senate Work to Clear Slate
So Mexicans May Have Undivided
Washington. -- Congress solidly
faces the Mexican emergency ready -
for any legislaative action its leaders
declare which developments may de
ma-nd. T~le house already is planning
increased appropriations to meet extra
expenditures incurred through mobili-.
zation, equi'pment and transportation
of 'the National Guard and 'to provide.
Congress has contemplatedl to add
$20,000,000 to ar-my appr-opriation bill
and an .urgent deficiency bill for
6,000,000 is in the course of prepara
tion. Congres is working hard to dis5
pose of the routine legislatIve pro
posals before it. The house 18 clear
lng up the special program and ap
propriation bills rapidly, but the sen
ate is far behind. Legislation to be
dioposed of by the upper house be-.
fore adjournment includes the govern-.
ment shipping 'bil, .the child labor law,
watifieation of the house apnendments
to the credit legisio,tion, the immigra-.
tion bill and conservation measures.
The Senate also ts behind with ap
iropriations. The poetofffee bill prob
,bly will be passed within one or two
days and there are'awaitung considera
tion the agricultural, for-tifleations,
diplomatic, sundr y c-n I. -,m r )1
trict of Ooluaf'm; i. icc ,y
disousesion of.tp m miy ii os In .
propriation bills. The. h'.aus wml re
sure discusnion Q$ ihrmny appr-o
Drait hnina trn this, t nm