Newspaper Page Text
BIG CARGO OF BYE
Nickel and Rubber. Badly Need
ed by German Army, to Be
Taken From America on Re
turn Trip Captain Brings
Message From Kaiser.
10 RESTRICTIONS IF
oming of Deutschland Raises Ques.
tion of Neutraliity.-Washington's
First Concern is to Determine
Whether it is Merchant or War
Craft.-Ownership May Have Much
to Do With Status.
Baltimore.-The world's fi'rst sub
arne merchantnian, the German,
aderwater liner Doetschland, anchor
I below Balthmru after voyaging
.fely across the Atlantic, pasing the
1lied blockading squadrons..and elud
g enemy ,cruisers watching for her
f the American coast. She edrried
ail and a cargo of 750 tons ot costly
mnicals and dycstuffs, and is to
trry back home a similar amount of
ickol and crude rubber sorely need
d by the German army.
Sixteen days out from lBremerhaven
a Baltimore, the submarine reached
afely between the Virginia capes at
:45 o'clock Sunday morning, passing
i on the surface covered by a heavy
all of darkness which settled over
to entrance of the hay with the set
ng of a tell-tale half moon. Once
sido, the visitor threw caution aside
ad began shrieking his siren, signall
'11g a pilot and at the same time at
acting the attention of the tug
Thomas -1F. '1 nilns which had been
' aiting in th I lur hay for nearly
vo weeks to greet the Deutchhland
ad convey her into port.
Three hours later, at 4:45 o'clock
le big submarine started up the bay
ith the German morchant flag flying
lnder her own power, piloted by Cap.
dn Frederick 1). Cocke, of the Virgin
. Pilots' Association, and convoyed by
te Timmins. She was making more
ian 12 knots an hour and could' have
acked in Baltimore by night, but ar
ngements had been inade for receiv.
ig her with formal ceremonie Mon
ay and her captain wvas onlnerod ,'
alt in the lower harbor. lip and/' L
row of 29 men remnahun- aborar/?.'thb.
raft until it reached Baltie:.jbr(.
Reflgardi;4 11zzi \ves. am.-'a nwehatnt
* ;ai st.6Ject to no unusual rest ri 'lions
.ne skipper, whose name is said tc
o Captain Kairig, wvent up the Chee
peake, without waiting to notify 10.
a! customs andl quarantine authori
* ies of his presence. He wasm flyv
ours away before Norman Hamilton,
ollector of Norfolk-Newport News,
* aerd the news, and started on his
rail, phad to coast guard .cutter
)inondarge, and it is unde.rstood that
he mereliy was ordleredl out to keep
he irtranige Craft und1(er surveillance
.5 a neutirlhty precaution. Quiaran
ine and port regulations were con
tied with Lb hlin t he vessel moved up
~o her diock.
Little wvas known here about what
happened dutrinig the epoch-making
cruise acros~s the oce'an which in a
rsmall measure at least breaks the
blockade trade with the rest of the
* world, Such information as was
available, came Indirectly fram the
pilot amd from ('aptain Hans F.
Hlinsch, of the North German llyod
Liner Necker, laid up here stince the
beginning of the wvar. ('aptain Hinsch
boarded the Deutchiland from thte
Timmins and made the trip up the
bay with her.
According to the accounts reachling
here, the underwater liner's super.
structure was standing 15 feet abov(
the water when she came lh. Until
daylight she showed no flag, but th
'. German merchant ensign was raiset
Fourteen Raiders Killed.
El Paso, Texas-Two Americanm
and an American-born Mexican shto
and killed fourteen Mexican banditr
in a running 'fight three miles fron
.' A*napra, Ni. M., only seven miles yes
of Ell Paso, and across the New Mexic<
State line. 'The posse of Americani
'. as led by Tom Perrine, a formel
Texas Ranger, desert scout, and ens
tomns line rider.- His two- ompanioni
were Jess Adams, another 'exan, ani
~i 4ex Alevra,,a Mqoxican lior who wat
7~n 'on the' Ameriqan side.
SU%9iFisher Breaks RI?
ar*~ag . t.-"Bud" FIRir the
h"If.'avartn o te
VOR D'S FIRS
SEALED MESSAGE FOR
WILSON FROM KAISER
Vessel Makes 4,000-Mile Sea Voyage
Being the Longest Ever Unde0
taken by Any Underwater Craft.
Norfolk.--Bearing a sealed message
from Emperor \Villiam of Germany,
to IWresident Woodrow. Wilson, run.
-ning the gauntlet of innumerable da-ll
gors fron mines, sea-sweepers and
enemy warships, and bringing a cargo
of dyestuffs, chemicals and mail esti
mated at 750 tons, the German under
sea inerchantman, the Deutschland,
quietly slipped into Chesapeake Bay
Sunday morning at 1:46. It was the
completion of a 4,000-mile sea voyage
for the craft, the longest and most
hazardous ever attempted by any sub
marine. Three hours later, led, by the
tug Thomas F. Timmins, the little
vessel -with a record of 13 days of
mysterious vigil.off the Virginia capes,
the great submarine began the last
leg of her voyage, up the Chesapeake
On the heels of the Deutschland
and following in her wake with all
the speed to be coaxed from her pow
erful boilers, the coast guard Onon
daga dashed up the bay.
On board the Onondaga is Collector
Norman Hamilton of Norfolk and a
number of newspaper men. Whether
or not Mr. Hamilton has orders is
not known. Some believe that the
Onondaga undertook the chose of the
Deutschland at the request of Mr.
Hamilton and that he and not Cap
tain Chiswell is under orders.
No Torpedo Tubes.
The Deutschland carries, mounted
in her conning tower, two small guns,
of about three-inch caliber. There
were no evidences of torped tubes.
She is also equipped wWh a bridge and
powered by two Deiael engines, of the
latest type. The boat is capable ot
sulbme rging lin lesas than two minutes.
On the surface- of the water the sub
mersible has a speed of from two to
three l ontr an hour more than the
averag ierchant steamer.
Acorling tO Pilot Fred Cocke, of
tihe Virginia l'ilots' Association.. the
first An i, rn to. board the Deutsch
land at r !ie arrived on this side of
the Atia : .tho crew wore regula
tion unitrimns of German merchanit
mer sva.mnen. No flag was displayed
wh',en the Deutschland first appeared
o ff tie capes. Later, when inside the
boy, the German merchantman's en
igi was raised.
Captain Cocke said the commander
of thle Deutschlandl made no effort to
conceal anything andl was extremely
frank in stating his mission to the
United States, that of instituting an
urndlersea mcerchant marine export and
import business between thle United
States and Germany.
IFirst Concern is to Consider Whether
Submersible is Properly a Mer
Wansington-The first concern of
tile United States in the arrival of tile
Gelrman subminarine Deutschlandl is to
dleternel whether- the subm)lersible is
properly a merehant vessel or wvhether
undl~er any inter-pretation of the pr-in
ciples of international lawv she could
he classed lna a warship. Nothing but
an examination of the sublmarilne it
self wvith a survey of her armament if
any, andl thle composition and charac
ter of heri crew can settle the point.
Tis will be madle by the State De
lpartmernt and the customs authorities
as soon as the ship puts into Balti
Whichever way the issue is decided
n('w questions of international law are
ahnost sure to be added to the many
whlichl theC war has produced for the
As a warship 'the Deutchland would
be r-equlired to leave an American
[Port withlin 24 hours of her arrival un
less add~itdonal time was required to
make hecr seawvorthy.
As purl- a commercial ship she
would lie as free to enter and leave
American ports as any other and this
gover-nment would have no concern in
the novel manner of her cnming or
the fact that the ingenuity an'd daring
of the German Admiralty had been
able to get a ship through the Allied
blockade. If -she should venture to
return to Germany the submarine
wiourld enjoy protection of the United
States within the three-mile limit, If
sihe should fall a prey to hostile war
ships) on the high seas the 'concern'of
this government, in IA stand 'for th~e
safety of. peaceful e minerbigt gi~
Wouldt be gogrerned entire1~
niduct and &har Fpd
o9j above thq~*
ARREDONDO TRANSMITS TO HIS
SPEEDILY SOLVE TROUBLES
Officials Believe More Can Be Accom.
plished Through Informal Confer.
ences Than Formal Exchanging of
Washing'on.-Ince ptI on of the diplo
matic conversations which it is hoped
will result in a settlement of differ
ences between Eliseo Arredodo,
Mexican Ambassador designate, and
Frank L. Polk, Acting Secretary of
State, than by a formal interchange of
views. They are willing to accede,
however to some other plan should
the de facto government propose it.
Mr. Arredondo transmitted to his
government a brief and friendly note
handed to him by SecretAiry Lansing,
expressing gratification over the turn
affairs between the two governeents
has taken and accepting proposals for
diplomatic settlement of points in dis
pute. The coinmunication was ap
proved by the cabinet.
The text follows:
"Secretary: L have the honor to
acknowledge the receipt of your con
munication of July 4, 1916, In which
you transcribe a note addressed to me
by the Secretary of Foreign Relations
of your government and to request
that you will transmit to him thQ.tol
"I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your courteous note
transmitted to me. by Senor Arredondo
on the fourth instant, in which you
refer'to my notes of June 20 and June
25, and ,to assure you of the sincere
gratificttion of my government at the
frark statement of the difficulties
whizh have unfortunately arisen in
our relations along the internatiQnal
boundary and the unreserved expres
sion of the desire of your government
to reach an adjustment of the diffi
culties on a broad 'and amicable basis.
The same spirit of friendship and of
solicitude for the continuance of soli
citude for the continuance of cordial
relations between our two countries
inspires my government which equally
desires an immediate solution of the
i.naters of difference which have lon
vexed both governments. It is expe
(-ally pleasing to my governmenti
that the d facto governeent of Mex
lo is disposed to give quick as well
as practical consideration in a spiril
of concord to the remedies which may
be applied to the existing condition
Reciprocating the same desire, the
government of the United States is
prepared immediately to exchangf
views as to a practical plan to remove
finally and prevent a recurrence of the
difficulties which have been thc
source of the controversy.
"Accept, Mr. Secretary, the renew
ed assurances of my highest consid
"I am, sir,
"Yours very sincerely,
SOLDIERS ORDERED OUT TO
PREVENT STRIKE TROUBLE,
Governor Craig brders Four Compa
nies N. C. Coast, Artillery to Wil
mIngton to Keep Down Riots.
Asheville, N. C.-G..overnor Locke
Craig, who is at his home here, an
nouncedl that four companies of coast
artillery had been sent to Wilmeington
as a precautionary move, in connec
tion with the street car strike at that
place. The troop~s sent in response to
orders from Governor Craig are the
coast artillery of Charlotte, Greens
boro, Salisbury and Goldsboro. Major
Kuykendlall of Greensb'oro is placed in
Governor Craig's orders were issued1
as th'q result of a request made by
Judge Stacy of Wilming'ton and the
sherifY of New Hanover county. Oov
er-nor Craig ordered the adjutant gen
eral's office to supply whatever troops
were c-onsidered necessary and the
orders to the coast artillery were the
MORE DENTS IN. LINES OF
GERMANS ON TWO FRONTS
London.-General Haig's army pain
ed several important succes'ses. It
captured further positions in the im
mensely strong position known as the
Leipzig redoubt, while east of La
Boisselle they captured , German
-trenches on a front of nearly 2,000
yards to a depth' of 500 yards. They
also forded their way Into the village
of Orvilleres after capturing 500 yarda
of the German front, while north of
Fricourt they dIrove the enemy back,
EPIDEMI0 IN NORTH
Washington.--The Federal Public
Health Service took a hand in the flght
to end an opidemic of infantile paraly
als in Newv York City and to prevent
its spread elsewhey Six governngent
exports. re o-drd to ?gew York to
0040 with ste ~nd N '.gu~thorl'
j"SON, I'M PR(
R PYTS .SDMND.AE
MEXICAN CRISIS [NDS
REPLY TO U. S. DEMANDS PAVES
THE WAY FOR PEACEABLE
All Hostile Attitude Relinquished.
Trouble Ended Provided De Facto
Government Does It, Part Toward
W.shington.-Early resumption of
fiendly diplomatic conversations with
the do facto government of Mexico
to the end that peace and order may
be restored in Northern Mexico and
along the border is expected here
to be the next step of the United States
in its relation with its Southern
The crisis precipitated by Villa's
raid on Columbus, N. M., and culmi
nating in the fight at Carrizal, Mex
ico, between American and Mexican
troops, appeared to have been dissi
pated by an amicable note from Gen
eral Carranza presented by his ambes
sador designaite here.
This note proposes that the differ
ence between the governments be
settled by mediation or by direot nego
tiations. It is remarkable for its brev
ity, its restrained and friendly tone
and for the absolute lack of any of the
strong even insolent language which
characterized the last two communica
tions from the de facto government.
It treats as a closed incident the ex
changes of unfriendly communications
which brought war almost within
No formal comment on the note
was obtainable from state department
officials. A copy was forwarded to
the White House immediately upon its
receipt and President W'ilson will de
termine the course -to be pursued.
As a matter of general principle,
the Washington gover-nment always
has favor-ed mediation of any dispute
suitalie for such procedure. Trhere is
every indication, however, that L 4he
lpresent instance it will be deems . de
sir-able to conduct forthcoming'negoti
ations directly with the Carranza gov
ernment. Members of the L~atin-Amer
ican dliplomatic corps here are expect
ed to make inquniry soon as to the at
titude of the Washington government
in viewv of the statement of the Mexi
(aln foreign office that it awaits only
a deecision here as to whether- media
tioqs or direct negotiations would be
Indlcations were that the inquiries
would he met wvith assurances that
the twvo gover-nments had reaehed the
stage where they would not find it
necessary to call upon the friendly ser
vices of their neighbor states.
FRENCH TAKE SiX- MILES
OF GERMAN SECOND LINE!
Allies elim 16,000 Prisoners and
60,000 Casualites,~--Russians Make
London.-The entire second position
of the Germans south of the Somme,
over an extent of ap~proximnately' six
miles, has fallen into tihe hands of
the French, who also Lave ';aptun'ed
the village of Htem, near the Northerrn
extremity of their line, and have com
pleted their conquest of Estrees,
Tile British line apparently has fail
td to advance, except "slightly in cc
tamn sector-s,"~ as the Blritish war office
puts it. None of thle groulnd gained
b~y the British hias been lost, how
ever, and the further statement of the
Germans that the fighting all along
the front was mostly in the nature of
local struggles for the possession of
stronk points would seem to indicate
thlat each side Is devoting particular
attention to the organization of its
positions and strengthenhiig of its hand
'for lurther attack on defense.
CARRANZA GENERAL IS
KILLED IN BATTLE
Chihuahua, Mexico.-Gen. Ignaclo
RamIOs wase killed in a fierce and
bloody battle that raged between a
small force of do facto troops and a
large band of Villa followers at Corral
z'anch, 15 miles southiwest of Jiminez,
liith sides Buffered h'eavy losses. Is.
~hgr' jhan retire to Jllrdtteg ittouf,
MAyjpg .out. his orders hikaWQ
Washington - Geea Carranza's.
CARRANZA'S R[PLY MILD
CONTENTS OF THE NEW NOTE
FURTHER LESSENS DIPLO
If Carranza Really Wishes Peace He
Will Be Met More Than Half Way
By the Washington Government.
Washington. - General Carranza's
reply to the two sharp notes from the
Washington Government made public
with the approval of Eliseo Arredon
do, Ambassador designate, indicated
that it was of an unexpected concilia
The formal communication arrived
by telegraph early Tuesday and only
the fact that Fourth of July was cel
ebmted by all government depart
ments, prevented its immediate deliv
Mr. Arredondo spent the day in the
country and on his return declined to
discuss his government's attitude as
now officially stated.
Since the release of the American
troops taken at Carrizal the question
at issue between the Washington gov
ernment and General Carranza has
been narrowed to Mr. Wilson's desire
for a formal declaration of intention
toward the American expeditionary
forces in Mexico.
A specific statement in the new
note is still lacking. Only a close
study of the reply will disclose wheth
er it will be necessary to press Gen
eral Carranza again to affirm or deny
the hostile donstruction placed upon
his orders that American troops be at
tacked if they moved in any direction
except toward the border.
Without doubt the note has further
lesscned the diplomatic tension be
tween the two governments already
strippedl of its immediately danger
eus character by the release of the
Carrizal prisoners. It is entirely pos
sible, however, that American officials
will not fully share the optimistic
view of the Mexican ermbassay when
the Carranza note has been studied.
One fact stood out clearly in the
mindls of officials familiar with Presi
dent Wilson's desires and purposes.
If General Carrianza sincerely desires
to find a wvay for peaceful settlement
of the differences between the twvo
governments he will be met more
than half way. No proposal for i
moediate withdrawal of General Persh
ing's troops, hov2 ever,. would be en
tertained as a pr-eliminary to a fur
ther exchange of views on the joint
operations against bandits.
GERMANS RalNFORCE LINE
TO CONTEST BIG DRIVE.
London.-Through the British of
ficial dispatches record little change
In the situation on the British front,
they show that the Germans have
brought up strong reinforcements
from other parts of their line andl are
stubbornly contesting every yard of
the British advance.
Torrential rains hamper-ed the offen
sive operations and the British action
was confined mostly to consolidating
the ground already won,
The French have captured two more
villager and are on good roads to
Peronne. But there is yet no decrease
in the violence of the Germans in the
Dispatches from German war cor
respondlents indicate the realization
that the Central Powers are losing
the initIative which their favorable
po.sit ion on the interior fines enabled
them to hold throughout the war.
Moreover-, in commenting on the enor-'
mouis resources in munitions and trar
mnatorial, they equally recoknize thai
a profound change has occurred iM
the relations of the belligerents.
MANY SOUTHERN CITIES.
OBSERVE INDEPENDENCE DAY.
Atlanta.-Preparedness and ArVd i
canization parades in many southm~n
cities and the -review of natiha.;
gardasmen in several niobiliiai .N
camps madle up the m'ost conipletL' &
ebration of -Indep'endeffee flaY-1pi
southern snies ditrig recent ~r
Thousas daufiM ht e nens.
BIG ALLIED LINE
RESULT Off STRENGTHENED
CHANGES IN THE S uT
Both Ends of French Line Onder
Heavy Attacks.-Situation at Ver.
dun Remains Quiet-Teuton Loss to
Russians Total 500,000 Men.
London.-Violen.t counter-attacks by
the Germans on almost the entire line
of the French advance in the Somme
region show a change in the situation
from the earliest days of the Anglo
In the beginning the Germans con
centrated their forces against the
British, apparently considering the
operations of the French to the South
as of omall significance. But the rapid
progress of the French troops has
had the effect of causing the German
commanders to strengthen their de
fenses and forces along the line guard
ing Peronne and other important
Both ends of the Irrench line have
been under heavy attacks, but the --
French, according to the official ac-,,
counts, have been able to pu? taeni
down without the Germaps making:
any gains whatever. Meardhile both
French and British are 'consolida'ting:
their positions and afe undoubtedly
rJaking preparations , r a repetitio.
of the great bombardment which pre
ceded the first impetuous rush.
While the situation in the Verdun,
region remans comparatively quiet,
there are heavy,- bombardmente pM
both sides of the. Meuse. No advices
are recorded by either French or Ger
mans. The British official statement
gives few details, merely remarking
that "as a result of violent bomb.
fighting we made further progress at
certadn points in the nain battle area."
The3 immensity of the Russian drive
agal!st the Austrians and Germans
during the last month is indicated by
unofficial reports from Petrograd,
which say that the Austro-Gorman
losses in the endeavor to stay the,
advance of the General Brusioff's
armies total nearly 500,000 men, about
half of whom are prisoners. Not less
than 250 guns of various sizes and
more than 700 machine guns and an
immense quantity of other booty have
The Austrians admit a serious de.
feat west of Kolomea, where they
were driven back nearly five miles.
U. S. ACCEPTS PROPOSALS
OF DE FACTO nO'T ner, -
Secretary Lansing G . X ..
redondo After Co - ,
Washington.-Tqhe de facto govern
ment of Mexico was formally notified
th-rough Elseo Arredondo. ambassador
designate, that the United States wel
comed General Carranza'e proposa) to
adjust all pending differences between
the two governments by direct diplo
Mr. Arredondo was informed of
the American government's attitude in
a conversation with Secretary Lane
ig after the latter had conferred with
rmmediattely after the cabinet meet.
ing Secretary' Lansing left for a.
month's vacation. Conelor Polk will
act in his absence and mc-et Mr. Arre
dondo in the informal discussions att
wvhich a solution of the Mexican prob
lems will be sough't.
It was evident at the state dlepart
ment that officials believe a means of
giving the do facto government mate
ial id in restoring order throughout
Mexico may be found son. It is,
known that the pacific nature of the
lateost Mexican no-te is construed here
as indicating that General Carr-anas
besides 'being impressed by American
military preparations has been deeply
influenced by the pressure and argu
ment brought to bear on him by
friends in the United States, ' E~'uro.
pean diplomats in Mexico City and
particularly by represen-tatives of
bany of the Latin-Amnerican powers.
FIRE DESTROYS $125,000
PROPERTY OF SEABOARD
Norfolk.-The Seaboard Air Line
Railway coach shop and shed, as well
as the 16 coaches destroyed in the fire
will be rebuilt or replaced et once, of.
ficlals annotinced. The lose, covered
b~y insurance, totalled fully $125,000.
-Must Dissolve Trust.
Chicago.---Judge Landis entered the.
formasl decree dissolving the Associat
ed Bill Posters and Distributors of1
the United States end Canada.
VIRGINIA 'T ROOPS A RRIVE
AT BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS
Brownsville. Texaa.-The lTrat Reg
" ;L:,u~d Au iUord Gun. rv
via Sout1en Rtatt wO -1t solnn: