Newspaper Page Text
ALL MILITIAMEN A01
.ORDERED TO BORDB
,rROOPS IN ALL MOBILIZATION
- CAMPS WILL MOVE TOWARD
ADD OVER 20,000 TO PATROL
Secretary Baker Says That Movement
Is Independent Of Mexican Sltua
tion-Total Troops on Border Will
WaLshington-All the National Guard
units inehided inl President Wilson's
call on J1un0 18, not. ye(t on the Mexi
can border were ordered there by the
Betweon 20.00o and 25.000 addition.
al troops thits will be added to the
border force. National guards thero
will ininher approxi nately 125,000 and
the lotal of Al troops on the border or
in Alexico will be 175,000.
Secre-ary Baker made a formal an
nounelinent that the troop move
ment had nothing whatever to do with
the Mexican situation as such and was
solely to relieve thousands of troops
now held in mobilization cam.p1j)s only
because they lack a few recruits to
bring units up to fixed minimum
The order sends the troops from
Kentucky, Ohio and Vermont to the
borde-r as soon as transportat-!on eon
be arranged for theni a(1 will move all
the others including those fron Nort-h
Carolina as soon Is hey are properly
equipped. War department of'icials
decided on their action because the
troops are r:stivo in cai) and there
seemed to be no stinms to reruiting
whuilo there wias no Prospeet of move
ment to the border. 'I'hey now expect
most of the reginents will be filled be
fore ihe treops leave.
TOXAWAY DAM GONE;
FLOOD SWEEPS VALLEY.
650 Acres of Water Is Released Into
Fertlie South Carolina Valley.
Ashevlle.--'lThe great dam at Lake
Toxaway. 50 feet high, 400 feet in
Wi(dth 'ul holding back waters that
covered 530 acres of land in the Toxa
Way region, 38 miles from this city,
cruipled and went out with a roar at
7:10 o'clock Sunday night, and at mid
night the waters thus released were
rushing (own the Keowee River valley
toward South Carolina cities, their
path incluling Wallhalla, Anderson,
Piekens and Senecca. Warnings of
flood danger were sent to all South
Carolina points from this city and
Greenville, S. C.
According to long distance message
from 'Toxaway, the entire dam, built
of earth and stone, seemed eto melt be.
fore the rush of waters within a few
minutes. The initial opening in the
dam, caused, it is believed, by the
scoeping of a natural sprinug at the
base, wvas not longer than a railway
The dam, built,. in 1902, at a cost
of $38,000, was constructed at a point
where the hills are not more than 400
feet apart. The Toxaway country le
known as the "beautiful sapphire see
tion" in tourist circles. Trho lake and
the hotel, named after the section
were built In 1902 by a party of Pitts
SENATORS DELIDERATE ON
$200,000,000 RE VE N UE B L L
Washington.--The importance of th.
$200,000,000 revenue bill on whic)
Senate Democrats devoted many hour
of deliberation in caucus, is being i:n
pressed upn leaders by the fact thei
* apprroprlations of the session no'
nearing completion have broke a
F UGITIVES TELL OF
- ROBBERY IN MEXIC(
Laredo, Tekas.-Walter Hitt an
his son, membern of the Chamnal Cc
ony in Mexico arrIved and told ator-it
of maistroatmenut andl~ robbery. The
said the remaining nmember's of I11
colony wvould return to the Unite
States when the weather pernitted.
'' ALLIES ADVANCE BY HARD
FIGHTING IN SOMME REGIOI
,?'London. - Hard fighting in tli
flomme region of France in Galici
a nd in the Italian theater, with furth<
( afns for the Enteonto AllIes in a
v three regions, marked the operatior
of .the past few days. 1> orthwvest<
Pozleres, north of the Somme, 111
rtsh made advance of from 300
409 yards over a front of nearly a mil
~ainsti the Germans and also captu
e d trenches on the plateau northwei
k ~IAON INTERVENES
PREVENT BIG STRIK
~' 4esw Y'or.-A general strike
Situelty allI the railroade of the naetio1
!'alysing commerce and 'throwiun
tigiratity2,000,000 men out -<
dug11 'te- good offices of Presider
a. s a result opd 4*eopmzenta I
SENATORS YIELD TO
FLOOD OF PROTESTS
ON INCOME TAX PLAN.-DEMO
CRATIC MEMBERS AGREE TO
LOWEST RATE IS INCREASED
Amendment Increasing Surtax Is Re.
tained.-Democratic Caucus Continu
ed Consideration of Committee
Washington.-Yielding to a flood of
protests from the country and from
Senate and House members of their
own party, Democrats of the Senate
Finance Committee reconsidered their
decision to lower the exemption in the
income tax law from $4,000 and $3,
000 for married and single persons to
$3,000 and $2,000 respectively but vot
ed to make the rate of tax on the low
est taxable class of incomes 2 per
cent instead of 1 per cent.
The amendinent increasing the sur
tax on incomes exceeding $2,000,000
from 10 to 13 per cent is retained, and
there is a probability that further in
creases In -the surtaxes will be made
The Democratic caucus continued
consideration of committee amend
ments and had before it the proposal
agreed on by the committee, striking
out the specific excise taxes on muni
tion inanufacturers and substituting a
10 per cent not profit tax on the profits
of all manufacturers of munitions and
wares that enter into munitions. The
bill provides that:
"This section shall cease to be of
effect at the end of one year after the
termination of the present European
war which shall be evidenced by the
proclamation of the President of the
United States declaring said war to
The committee also adopted an
amendment increasing the salaries of
membera of the proposed tariff board
from $7,500 to $10,000 each.
As revised by the committee the
bill would yield an estimated reve
nue of $198,000,000 as against $210,
000,000 as it passed the House.
TURKEY HAS REFUSED
TO GRANT PETITION
V.ashington.-Turkey has refused to
grant the request of the United States
that a neutral committee be permitted
to undertake relief work in Syria,
where thousands of native Christians
are reported to be starving. Charge
Miller at Constantinc ple, in a cable
gram received at the state depart
ment, said the Turkish government
had informed hi-m relief operations
in Syria were considered unnecessary
because crops there were better than
anywhere else in the empire. He added
that although lie was told the decs
ion was inal he would continue to
press for favorable action.
SUBMARINE SANK VESSEL
WITH TROOPS ON BOARD
Amsterdam, via London.-A semi
official account of 'the sinking of a
submarine recently of the Italian mail
steamship Letimbro, received here
from Vienna says the Ita~lians fired oil
on the submarine with two guns and
that there were 'troops on board. "AM
ter 'tle submarine had fired a warn
ing shot at a distance of 8,000 metres'
- the statement says, "the vessel opened
fire from two guns at the stern
Sand attempted to escapo by sigzagging
SiThe submarine pursued the steamshipi
Sreplying 'to the fire without hitting th4
vessel, wvhich hadl shown 'no flag. La
ter boauts wrere lowered from thi
v steamer. Af'ter ascertaining that n<4
LIone remained on board the steamshdbi
was sunk by the sub~maqine.
GERMAN AIRSHIPS MAKE
d Berlin, via Londn.-Suecessful at
1cnrks by German air squadlrons or
'Brlntb'h war vessels off -the Flemnisi
ycoast a1nd on Russian aviation station'
C on the island of Ot'sel off the Gulf o:
dI liga, are announcedl in an admiralt:
WOMAN'S PARTY LINES
UP TO FIGHT WILSO?
SColorado Springs. Col.-The Nation
ai Woman's party in executive confer
a once hero pledged itself 'to use its bee
s eff'orts in the 12 equal suffrage statel
if to defeat the Democmatic candidaite foi
e president; oongratulated -the Progree
o sive, P-rohibtrion an4 Socialist partie<
C upon thedr endorsement of suffrage foi
r. women by national action and com
it mended the position of Charles E~
Hughes, the Republican nominee.
E DIES UNEXPECTEDL)
fl Cackinac 'Islang, Mich-Dr. Joh2
1. B. Murphy of Chicngo, one of tha
g worl's most renowned surgeons, diei
>f unerpoctedly at a hotel here where
Y' ke was on a Summer outing. He hai
.t beoen in poor health for several monthi
n and some had asoribed his condition t<
s the poisoned soup partakeni of at 'hb
Sbanquet given Archbieshop Moudelt~
hi Ohicoag'cl. Dr. Mulrph zece~
WILL APPEAL TO WILSON
IF BOARD FAILS PRESIDENTI
WILSON WILL BE ASKED TO
Undertake to Bring Contending Fac-I
tIons Together to Save Nation From
Trade Paralysis By General Strike
of 400,000 Railway Employees.
New York.-It the United States
Board of Mediation and Conciliation
which was called In fails to adjust the
differences between the railroads of
the country and their 400,000 employ
ees President Wilson will be asked
to use his personal influence to avert
a general strike. This statement was
made by a representative of the rail
road managers who have been nego
tiating with the men since June 1 for
a peaceful settlement.
The appeal to the President would
be the last resort and would be takenl
only to save the nation fromn the trade
paralysis that would follow a strike
of the magnitude planned by the rail
Six hours after the railroad men
had served notice on the men that
they would not withdraw their former
rejection of the workers' demands and
had proposed Federal mediation, the
mediators and the managers were
closoted In secret session. Mediation
was suggested in lieu of arbitration
under the Newlands act or by the
Interstate Commerce Commission pro
posals which had been rejected by the
What was discussed at the conter
ence could not be divulged by any of
those attending it, under mediation
rules, but it was understood that the
railroad representatives outlined their
position in full and indicated how far
they were willing o go irn metringe them
demandsof themen I asrpot
edtht h rilodsstodseafat
lyfrte anfatr fthi cn
tign rpsto"md tteJn
conernce'wih cocde- h sot
er dabteiiae obecm
Undertake the Bring Cotendac
tins gther faiSae oftion romesn
oativ0s000 teRailradsan Employee ns
toare on itihe doul compenation
c as thalle inrought te Jue thner
dfences boetweden e adlroasle of
the coutryk andtei 40,0-mly
tovuero hisersa iSpeuence Roflefrtn
aeeandrke Ths tateent a
maed who arpreetie tofat thel
soat managersnwhonvnn havebe neo
dtredinpeciah reeieentranne tonthe Cor
RTver apea Ctbo thCreient dwstucls
bewhere lastrortn wouldot boe taen
only tohave henaionn 5,000 thmtade
fhele manTude copane by the rail
ronad meg et.es igni ain
Sixt houre the rditroads Sen
hdsered ote iuton tha moenorha
teold et whitda their forte
rejctin of te rker'tion.san
Ga poerHaed Fdreceiedtioncial
meiors ofthnfd toon manaers ereh
edo Huedington.e sessitonceditin
wa sulgested iomnicatiof aritr aio
unerwhr the nsactor Rege
i~s ence hand bentrejcted Adjutant
Wat wafs tenscussd atothe cnfehr
oncestcould potace diued by anpecoa
-thoeat endnr untohefde mditiotn
rairod relaynatvsoulnd hi
poito Thn govllo a inicated how far
tey efrom willinog iree mtin the
demandsif wofl tecen. 100 a rhatporte
lya for0 the ainmetueos. ercn
e dayt Sectar lnae douthe Inte
pstio forriffer nt Assiate Jsc
vi ringo the supme or ay. h
I t comsse fair ofl thereresn
tativego terarods andnhunionse
to agetne o the dobcompnsatin
- casta o ght h ue co ilnfer
thenstrik uvonte t rmn
PASS CHILD LABOR BILL
MEASURE PREVENTS INTER
STATE COMMERCE 'IN PRO
DUCTS OF CHILD LABOR.
Most Southern Senators Vote Against
Bill. - Eleven Democrats From
Southern States Favored Passage of
Washington.-The senate passed
the bill to prevent interstate com
merce in products of child labor by a
vote of 52 to 12.
The measure which already. had
passed the House, was brought to a
vote in the senate upon the insistence
of President Wilson after the Demo
cratic senate caucus once had decid
ed to defer its consideration until next
Senators . .o voted against the bill
Bankhead, Alabama; Bryan and
Fletcher, Florida; Hardwick and
Smith, Georgia; Overman and Sim
mons, North Carolina; Smith and
Tillman, South Carolina; Williams,
Mississippi (Democrats) and Oliver
and Penrose, Pennsylvania (Republi
Opposition to the measure had
come chiefly from southern cotton
mill owners, and the group of south
ern Democrats who voted against i6
had fought it in caucus and maintain
ed their opposition during the senate
debate on the ground that the regula
tion proposed is unconstitutional and
would interfere with the rights of the
states. Eleven Democrats from the
south, Senators Swanson and Martin
Virginia; Underwood, Alabama; Var
dairan, Mississippi; James and Beck
ham, Kentucky; Culberson and Shep
pard, Texas; Ransdell, Louisiana;
Robinson, Arkansas; and Shields,
Tennessee, voted for it.
In order to expedite consideration
of the measure in conference the sen
ate committees were appointed imme
diately after the final vote was taken.
The only amendment adopted would
extend the bill's provisions to bar all
products of establishments employing
children from interstate commerce.
UNCLE SAM MAKES CROP
FORECASTS ON AUG. 1CANVASS
Adverse Conditions Damage Country's
PrInolpal Crops During July.
Washington. - Adverse conditions,
duet o weather, plant diseases and in
sects, damaged the country's princi
pal farm crops during July and re
sulted in a loss of 106,000,000 bushels
in prospective wheat production, 89,
000,000 in corn and 43,000,000 bushels
lessof oats than predicted by the De
partment of Agriculture at the begin.
ning of July.
Forecasts of crop production this
year, based on conditions showvn by
the August 1 canvass and announced
by the Department of Agriculture, fol
low (figures in millions of bushels):
Fore- Fore- 1916
cast. cast. Crop
IWinter wvhest ...455 489 655
Spring wheat ...169 270 357
All wheat.. .. .....654 759 1,012
Corn ... .... ....2777 2,866 3.055
IOats .. .........1,274 1,317 1,540
Barley.. .... ....'195 206 23'7
Rye.. .. .... .....41.9 44.0 49.2
White potatoes .. 864 369 359
Sweet potatoes .. 71.0 73.9 74.3
Tobacco (lbs.) ... 1,197 1,191 1,061
Itice .. ..........34.2 34.2 28.9
Hay (tons) ........84.6 ... 86.2
Cotton (bales) ... 12.9 14.3 11.2
Sugar beets (tons) 7.57 7.28 6.51
Apples (bbls.) .. .. 71.6 72.5 76.7
yille, for Vive President.,
HUGHES' STATEMENTS PALSE
Washington.- -S'tatements made by
Charles 10l. Hughes, Republican nomi
nee for the presidency, in speeches at
Detroit were charactrzet' as "false
as to facts and of misleading sub
stanco" In telegrams sent by adminds.
tration officials after a long discussion
of the subject by President Wilsop
and hi. cabinet at Tuesday's meeting.
The charges' related to changes in the
ooast and geodetio survey and the cen
ITALIANS FIGHT THEIR WAY TO
EAST OF GORIZIA ON IZONGO
MANY PRISONERS ARE TAKEN
The Czar's Troops Drive Westward
to Capture the Lemberg Railroad.
Inclement Weather Stops Fighting
in Some Sections.
London.-Although the weather is
hampering the British and French
maneuvers in the west, both the Rus
slans and the Italians are keeping up
heir strong offensive against the Teu
'onic allies, respectively, in Galicia
xnd Austria. and at last reports both
!ad made additional importa'nt gains.
On the Isonzo front the Italians
iave continued to throw their forces
cross the river and have fought
their way to the east of the captured
city of Gorizia. In addition, southwest
:f Gorizia they have taken strong Aus
trian entrenchment near Monte San
Michels and Monte San Martino, and
also occupied the town of Boschini,
giving them a freer hand for their
operations in the region of Doberdo
plateau and southward toward the
Monfalcone sector. Large numbers of
prisoners were taken in the fighting.
Vienna is admitting the loss of Gor
Izia says the evacuation followed the
repulse of now Italian attacks on the
Doberdo plateau and that the straight
ening of the Austrian lines made
necessary by the pporation was car
ried out without molestation from the
Italians. Vienna also admits that
4,000 Italians have been taken pris
oners In the recent fighting In this
In Galicia, In the sectors of the
Stanishlan and Halich the Russians
have driven their fcorces farther west
ward in their endeavor to capture the
central portion of the railroad run
ning from Kolomea to Lemberg. Pass
ing across the Monasterizyka-Niznloff
Railway they have forded the Ziota
River, southwest of Ialich, and south
of Stanislau have captured the town
of Kryplin, on the Stanishlau-Nadvor
The Berlin official communication
says that along the front of Archduke
Charles Francis In Galicia, southwest
of Welisnois and south of the Dneister
new positions have been occupied by
the Teutonic Allies in accordanec
witli previously arranged plans. Rus
sian attacks along the Strumen and
Stjockhod Rivers were repulsed wit1
sanguinary losses to the Russians
Another big battle has started neat
Brody in northern Galicia.
Owing to the inclement weathehi
in France, military activity has beer
confined principally to bombardment,
which were somewhat heavy.
HUGHES ATTACKS THE
RIVER AND HARBOR BILL
Fargo, N. D.-Charlee El. Hughes
speaking here, assailed the present ad
ilnistrettion for Inefficiency, wasti
and extravagance, particularly witll
reference to the river and harbor bil
recently passed by Congress.
"I think I may say that the Gov
ernent of the United States is reck
lessly wasteful, shameful-ly ineompe
tent and extravagant, a reproach t<
'the Intelligence of the people because
of Its Inefficiency," he said. "I wouk
like to haye the aut-hority to investi
gate this administratdon for about si:
"The rivers and harbors bill, knowm
t o the peop~le as the pork barrel bill.'
Mr. Hughes continued, "Is largely
monies wasted as there Is no expor
examination to determine what expen
ditures are needed.
"On the contrary it very largely
denende on who are the influentia
men representing particular distriotsi
and what appropriations are obtain
cd In this district and that district fo,
this man and that man. 'That Is
mnatter- of log rolling. It brings the
blush of shame to the cheeks of ever'
American. It ought to be stopped. I:
I am elected president. to the best o!
my ability, I propose to stop It."
TOO MUCH IMPORTANCE
.PUT ON NOTE REQUE81
Wasington.-Stat~e department offi
cials explainedl that the request to the
Ge-rman embaasy for permission ti
publish one of Count von Blernatorff'i
notes on the settlement of the Lusi
tania case was an Inadvertence. Al
first It was denied that any requeel
had been made, but an Investigation oj
'the department's files diselosed thai
a letter prepared by a subordinate of
filal has been signed by Secretar3
Lansing or acting Secretary Polk.
DEMOCRATS TO FORCE AN
Washington.-Tir~ offer of a corn
promise legislative program which
might lead to early adjournment of
e'on gross, rejeced by the Republican,
Pemocratlc Senate leaders decide to
ddive along wibhoirt Republican 00
operation in an effort to dispose of
Imnd1ig le'giesation by S8ptember. Re
nuhblican leader's whd had given the
Democrats hope that- their adjourn
ment proposj night be accepted were
Ubbl ti on~rlpa COortance.
BIS GA A DU
GOVERNOR EXPRESSES CONFI
DENCE IN SOUTH CAROLINA'8
TO VISIT CAMP W TEXAS
Manning Tells of EfforE f. t,
Early Moveiment of Palmetto Boys
to the Border.
Oamp Moore, Styx.--"I know that
you will be true to your state, truet
to yourselves and true to your God..
May God bless you. I wish you well!"
concluded Gov. Manning in his -fare
well address to the National Guard..
The governor arrived in canp shortly
before 1 o'clock and his farewell talk,.
as commander-In-chief of the state'es
armed forces, was delivered from the
bandstand near the Firat regiment. He,
was cordially greeted by the men who.
had been marched to the stand for the
address. The governor in his talk-de
scribed his efforts in the interest ot'
the National Guard of South Carolina..
The health and comfort of the men,.
he said, had been his first considera,
"I simply want to make this an
nouncement," said the governor at.
the conclusion of his remarks. "Thep
First regiment will leave Monday
morning for the border and the See
ond regiment will leave the next day,
or immediately after the First rogi
ment." This announcement by the
chief executive was greeted by long,
and continuous applause, .showing that
the men of the National Guard aret
"rearing to go to Mexico."
Gov. Manning expressed confidence,
in the National Guardsmen of South
Carolina. He commended the patr
otic spirit of the men and Officers in.
responding to- the colors end nromis
ed to visit. the camp in Texas some
time during September or October.
"I expect to go to Texas in Soptem
ber or the early part of October, If I
am permitted to do so at that time,
on official business and it is certainly
my intention to visit you all at that
time, and I am sure that I will find'
that you- are doing honor to the State
of South Carolina," said Gov. Man
ning. Palmetto Regiments.
"I want to remind you," said Gov..
Manning, "of the hitory that stands
back of you. When I asked the see
retary of war that the South Carolina
regiments be designated as 'The Pal
motto Regiments.' it was on aocount.
of the excellent record that the 'Pal
metto Regimen't' made In the War
wi-th Mexico in 1?46.
"I hope that war may be avortedM
now, but I know that 4f you are called
upon for actual wa
will acquit yoursel'
tihe patriots and sol
"It is-not'my pu
a lon-g speech. I :- . . ~,,.
ing for you to leave here without a
word of farewell from me and I bidt
you that word of farewell now.
"And now in conclusion, let me say
this word to you: The eyes of your
state are upon you. 1 know that youm
are going to do your duty and that.
you will have the gratification and'
pleasure of knowing that whatever be
falls you, wherever you are and when
ever the time may be, that the hearts
of your countrymen of South Carolina.
are with you, and that the prayers
iof your mothers, of your sisters, of'
your wives and of your friends will
be with you wherever you go.
"Soldiers, remember that you are:
performing a duty which can not be'
measured In dollars and cents. You:
have earned 'the gratitude of, the citi
zens of our sitate, and as governor and .
commander-in-chief, I want you to fee
and know that you have my prayers.
to Almighty God to guide and 'protect
you wherever you may be, and I am'
sure that you go with that conscious.
ness of duty to your state and to your'
country. I know that you will be0 true'
to your state, true 'to yourselree and:
true to your God. May God bless you..
I wish you well!".
Many Greet Soldiers.
G)reenville.-All along the way fromi
Celumbia to the Georgia line the peo.
plo gathered at the stations with a'.
warm welcome for the soldiers andi
bade them a hearty godspeed. Large'
crowds gathered at Union, Spartan
burg and Greenville. The companiesi
from three cities wore given ovations:
from hundreds who saw them pass'
through. The people did not forget'
the others but gave every one of -the:
boys abundant manifestation of their
interest In them and their well wishes.
The boys wore well behaved.
Colleton Turns to Ediucation.
Walterboro.-That illiteracy is kn:
the decrease in Coiteton county ii
shown conclusively by a study of the
club rolls of the county as compined'
by the county chairman, M. P. Howell.
centage of' il' . yy ;,vi
v'oters iso-- o
against 20 - '
ested fif the ducua codmen ,t~i4
soJunty and h~s Mapde an ekhauatite;
studly pf the % 3i r611a witk theob4t.
of g~he'4~g u~t to