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TROOP A G5TS HORSES AND
BEGINS TO RID5 IN AR'mY
NEWS FROM BORDER CAMP
A Weekly. Letter, Prepared Especially
For Our Readers, From the -South
Carolina Guardsmen- Encamped at
Fort Bliss,' Texas'.
In Camp with the South darolina..
Brigade, in the El Paso Patrol District.
-The Charleston Light.Dragoons drew
their horses immediately after their
arrival on the border and are now eji.
gaged in learning to ride like cavalry.
men. Four hours are devoted ea6h
day by the men to riding bareback
with only a halter on their horse. The
greater majority of the-Dragoons went
at the bareback riding without ani
difficulty but several sustaineel falls
before learning how to stick on.
However, those who were uiaccuH
tomed to barelick riding soon acquir
ed the art and the whole troop is now
Four hours eaph day are devoted
by the Dragoons to the horne- work.
one hour to the officers' school and
one hour to the non-commissioned
A regular officer comes over from
Fort Bliss to instruct the men each
day in the cavalryman's school.
Pleased With Horses.
,The Dragoons drew their horses out
of the big government corrall where
there are some 5,000 horses gathered
for the army. They took the first
which came out of the corrall but the
animals they drew were very good
. and they are well satisfied with them.
The Dragoons number 86 men and
three officers and each man takes care
of his own horse. When this corres
pondent visited the encampment of the
Dragoons he found Capt. Manning,
Lieut. Wells and Lieut. Porcher out
with the men overlooking the feeding
and cate of the korses. The men were
all.. lined up with brushes and curry.
combs and they went at the work of
cleaning the horses systematically
after the work which they had under
gone during the day.
Capt. W. M. Manning, directed at
tention to the "Charlie Chaplins"
which these Weastern horses affect.
Each has a well developed mustache.
There is not a single case of sick
ness among the Dragoons and they
express themselveE as well satisfied
and delighted with their camp. They
are glad to be on the border and have
gone at the work of .tfaining with a
vim which promises good results.
The flouth Carolina- field hospital
No..1 is encamped with a similar or
ganization from Rhode Island just in
the rear of the Dragoons. The Pal
-Aetto organization is under the com
mand of Maj. A. Moultrie Braisford
and the camp is commanded by Maj.
Renno of the regular army. The Pal.
metto boys were engaged in practic
ing pitching the hospital in the'fild
and have entered into a competitive
test with the Rhode Island and similar
organizations from the regular army
and the National Guardsmen stationed
in this district. Although the South
Carolinians have been here only a
week they entered the contest on invi
tation and the speed with which they
- have been .doing their work gives
promise of putting it all over some .of
the organizations which -have been
here for seyeral .weeks. The tests in
pitching the hospitals in the field
were made on the Fort Bliss -parade
ground before rdgular army officers
and the South Carolina boys showed
The Bantamn Squad.
- There are eight short men in the
Camden company which form what is
* known as the "runt" squad and they
all occupy the same tent. This was
the only squad which had started a
flower garden around their tent an~d
had built a rook protection raised to
some feet around the side of the tent.
When the big rain swept over the
camp on Thursday night the "runt"
squad found their tent flooded, the
wall making a nice pond. All the dec.
orations and flower garden were wash.
*.-ed away and the men had ,to bale the
water out of the tent. This squad is
-- compos'ed of Corporal W. P. Huggins
and Privates Lewis, Jordan, .Purvis,
- Crosby, Hasty, Medlin, McLeod.
The Second has 'erected a model
tent showing the three different kinds
of inspetions and all the enlisted men
are studying the model to see just
how their equipment is 'to be made
up for the different kinds of inspec.
tions and all t'he' enlisted men are
* 'studying 'the modeR to see just how
their equipment As to be made up for
the different inspections.
-- There are a great. many South- Car
olinians in the regular army and soy
oral of them are stationed with the
regulars which are encamped at Fort
Bliss and in and around 10l Paso, Mc
Gowan Littlejohn,t a ,native of Jones
vill'.j in Union county and a graduate
of West Point, is a first lieutenant in
the cavalry, Hie is an pld Cleinson
(man. Alan Lester of Prosperity, who
was graduated at the Citadel and w~ho
went to West Point and~ graduated
* with the class of 1915, Is 4 first lieu
tenant in the Fifth f.ehd artflierZ'hbt-,
received. 111 pr;omtfl0Q~ ol a
hddad ieutenahtiy on JI147.*n
'i: dotpnes~ at Work. < h
krhee o e company;.\1,uowa
A the Opn9; jiiitieers;. tnd e#Capk.
Penteil ~na ~ped close by; the fil
ho ' ad'ps and a)lso just behin4 the
fr png .~O on . deers*.are roing
t4o0TZ r iad-o ?. iing every
day-: d4 are. efo UWell. Th
mef #i -i'o like ell tho ther
Southr Ooli e' determined to.
make tlie'0. 0, 4 this opportuity
to get- r it ,.cquaintahe". AIth
4ctual flelda :onditions an are his
proving 'every minnte of titeir .time;.
T'he engineers expect- to: dtaW new
equipnient shortly but In the mean
time ave jot right down to hard work.
.,CofiL, B. Springs ''t..the becond
has received instritition's to detail one
officer and two non-commissioned of
ficers to take four months training at
the. school of musketry at Fort Sill,
Okla; Tle selections will be made
from among the men. who expect to
continue in -the National Guard and
who will be expert instruclors for the
Alitia after they return -home.
Several persons in South.. Carolina
have evidenced a desire to sipply the
soldiers with reading matter,.'wiiting
material and- other things which will
be of use to them here. Sun glasses
are needed by the men and ,anything
like magazines, newspapers, etc.,
would be of great benefit and would
be very much appreciated.
The Smyth Rifles of Pelzer have
built around their spigot in the com
pany street a .cavity four feet deep
and four feet square and filled this
in with, rock. The water seeps away
through this and this prevents it from
running over' the grodnd and leaving
little mud - puddles. This arrange
ment has been designated ' by Col.
Blythe as "a model for the regiment
and all the companies are now fixing
theirs in the same manner.
Lieut. John E. Ardery of the Twelfth
infantry, which is stationed at Nogales
Arizona, on the border, was a visitor<
In camp. and'ate dinner with the Fort
Hfill company. Vnder .Capt. Parks.
Liout. Ardery was -borrf at Pineville
jus,t across the line in North Carolna,
but is really a Soutn Carolinian except
for that slight geographical difference.
He was greeted by many ofhis friends
Who are members of the First South
The band of the First would like
to haie some new band music and
any one who feels interested might
send them some, but don't forget the
orchestrations in selecting the music.
vrhe bands of the First and Second
are constantly improving and those
who are interested might mail them,
just such pieces as they think would
fit the occasion.
The officers of the Second have
formed a club where 'magazines and
other periodicals, writing materials,
and other conveniences can be found.
The officers will use the club for a
lounging place. The officers of the
First have been invited to -make use
of the-'club whenever It suits their
- A Diamond Rattler.
Just to the left of the camp lies a
range of hills which are called moun
tains in' this' country. This chain of
hills lies diagonally to the Mexican
border. They are bare of vegetation
except for sage brush and cactus in
the ravines. Some of the South Caro
linians have already climbed to the top
of. this range of hills which are about
eight miles from camp. It is in these
hills tha't ra'ttlesniakes and the other
reptiles reside. On Sunday First Ser
geant Hughes 'of the Smyth Rifles of
.Polser climbed .the hills and brought
back into camp a diamonid Mexican
rattler. This snake is about 15 inches
long and the one he captured had a
button and two rattles, indicating that
it was four years old. No snakes havt
yet been seen in camp but there are
plenty of horned toads, centipods. and
ents. The bother from this source.
however, is -insignificant so far and
nothing like what one would expect
from the stories heard before coming
Carransa Is nominally the ruler .of
Mexico, but there seems to be con
euiderable doubt as to just how much
authority he has. He seems to be
the leader by virtue of the favor of
his'generals, but there is strong doubt
as to his- ability to control his gen
erals. They obey him when they
want to, and when they do -not they
pay not attention to him. The idea
hei-e now seems to be that Carransa
is finding- his position shaky and that
before ' long some other leader will
arise a'nd depose him and direct the
leaking- Mexican ship of state for a
brief and stormy period, for that is
the record of them all for the past sev
The. - hee of the First are being
equipped thoroughly with clothing.
Every anan is. drawing two hats, two
pairs of shoes, two pairs of leggihe,
two shirts, four pairs of trousers, four
suits of underwear and six pairs o'
ieut.. Col. P. KC. McCully- of the
First "bagged') a horned toad and ship
ped it to his home folks in Anderson.
Capt. Heyward of -the Pelzer company
has also sent -one of these home for a
pet. They are plentiful -about the
It is no wvonder that there are all
k-inds of wild rumors hatching along
the border. All kinds of people and
all classes and conditions can- be seen
and every one has something to say.
Of course there is lot of "stringing"
(lone for the beneflt of those who
have come a long way from the bor
der and who know nothing of It ex
cept whant they have read, but the
South Carolinians are skeptical and
are not readily taken In by the
"yarns" which are daily handed out by
the chi'racters argund herp in large
numbers. The .Palmetto boys arm
studying the situation for thq~mselvea.
'1TO "I rONCE
Meeting. of Muoh importance Wil be
Hold .in Orpange tg Week Begin'
nipW Cioe 16th.
Orbneburg .leeretary 'W, A. Liy.
Ang~ton of the, Qratgebtrg chamber of
commerce antiouced' that an.arrange.
mont had been' pdrfeoted. (or holding
a state wide diife'enee on live stock
ralsinSat Orang5burg during the week
beginning Octobet 16' next. The con
ference will be held under the joint
auspices of the Southern settlement
and development. organIzation, which
is conducting i South-wide propaganda
in the., Interest oi live stock raising
and diversified farming; the extension
department of 4pemson 'Qollege, the
state department of 8gricultUre and
the Orangeburg champelerof. commerce.
The conference will last two day't.
There will be an exhibit of- South
Carolinf bred cattle and hogs, a nd
-the sessions will be devoted to practi
cal discussions of the vital questions
relating to animal husbandry, instepd
of too set speeches which too often
characterize meetings of this kind.
Experts in various lines of live stock
raising and marketing from the fed.
era-l government and from those sec
tions of the country where live stock
is raised successfully will be In at.
-tendanco, and preparations are being
made to handle the largest crowd' of
its -kind ever assembled in this state.
To Reorganize Parker Mill.
Greenville.-The stockholders'of the
Paiter Cotton Mills Company at their
annual meeting held in Greenville
selected a committee to draw. up a
plan of reorganization for that com
pany. This plan will be submitted
to the - stockholders by .letter within a
few days and will be considered at a
meeting of the stockholders which will
be held within the next two months.
A letter of explanation will accom.
pany the proposed plan of reorganiza
tion. This step is in accordance with
the- general plans of the corporation
formulated when * ~the sale of the
Hampton group of mills was proposed
Big Fire at St. George.
St. George.-One of the most disas
trous fires that has ever occurred Ir
St. George was when the residence of
Dr. Daniel F. Moorer on Railroad
avenue was completely destroyed witb
all of its contents and the same fire
spreading in a few minutes to the
beautiful residence of Mrs. F. A
Moorer a few yards away on the sam
street destroying not only the tw
residences but practically all of tht
furniture and contents of Dr. Moorer'
residence and with it an outhouse h'
the yard where the furniture of hi
son, Daniel r. Moorer, Jr., was store
a, few days ago when h-3 -lecided. t,
move to St. George.
Lightn.ln. Kills Veteran..
Confederate veteran aged 72, wa
killed by lightning a few miles -out o
dreenville, near the, Easley " bridg(
road. He had stepped into a cottoi
Iouse 'to get out of the storm whei
the lightning struck him causing' in
stant death. Elliott Johnson, a smal
colored boy, who lived near Conestee
Mill was also killed by lightning.
South Carolina Pays Least.
Washington.-In 29 of the 48 statei
of the Union the excess of expendi
tures for governmental. costs, includ
ing 'interest and outlays for permaneni
improvements, over revenues, during
the fiscal year 1.916 was $55,283,404, o1
86 cents per capita. In the remaining
19 states the excess of revenues ovel
expenditures amounted "to $18,608,917
or 54 cents per capita. Taking the
entire 48 states as a whole, the excesi
of expenditures over revenues wai
$36,674,487, or 37- cents per capita.
Preparing Poultry Exhibit.
Columbia.-Gold medals, purses, pro
miums and ribbons will be awarded foi
the best poultry exhibits at the stat(
fair to be held at Columbia Octobe2
23-27. The long list of awards foi
the poultry department includes ein
gle specimens, breeding pens and dis
play pens of pract-ically every breet
and variety of 'chickens, turkeys
geese, ducks, pheasants, pigeons, -1an
tams, games and egg.
SOUTH CAROLINA N4EWS iTfeMS
New cotton has been sold on the
The figures on ,the illiteracy among
voters in Greenwood county as corn
piled for the state superintendent o|
education show that a total of . 331
voters out of 3,288 had to or did make
their marks. The percentage in the
The trustees of the Burroughs higi
school of Conway are planning the
construction of a four-room addition t<
the present building in order to meei
-the demands of the increased enioll
ment and to' furnish physical acoom
modat-ions f6r the teracher tralini
C. E. Hoke of Columbia has beer
appointed a scientfic assistant in the
farm field service of the Federal de
partment of agriculture at a salary o,
$1,020 .a y'ear.
"In my op~finin 'the eight hour do
mand of the men is just and' right,'
said 0Ov. Manning,.in a statementi al
York, in regard- to the pending differ
euces between the railroads and theiu
Another case of'-ipfantile paralyer
was .reported'to the state board -01
health frotn Greenville county, whick
makes a total of 40 oftses reported dur
lnur the nientti apt' Aio
All otilal photograph Iroii 1hea
British Tommie giving a wounded Get
OF DARING ON
FRONT AT YSER
American Motorcyclist Relates
the Dangers of Carrying
RIDER WINS VICTORIA CROSS
Six Killed in One instance Before
Seventh Delivers Message-Trench
Pools Made Up Before, Dl
vided After Action.
London.-The Daily Express pub
lishes the following:
William J. Robinson was born and
lived the first six years of his life at
sea. You will have realized that he is
an American. He landed in England
on September 10, 1914. He had been
here before. He was still a young
A year after he, landed he found
himself withbut a Job. A few days
later he was a troober in the Fifth
bragoon 'Guards. He had done no
soldiering before. He could not ride
a horse. He spent a few days in a
riding school at 41dershot, and by
way of stopping chaitff it his expense
in barracks went up to a "blig chap"
(who, lhe found out afterward, had
been heavyweight chamapion of the
army) and ->egan a light- by hitting
him In the face. That 'madt~e them
On October 8 lhe landed at Ostend,
andl on the afternoon of the third day
camne under fire at itoulers. lHe land
been- in the army just over a month.
He spent 14 months at the front as
motorcar driver, motorcycle dispa tch
rider and imotor maclhlne gun dIriver,
and has written the story of 4.hls ad
ventures and escapes in a very read
able volume. ("My Fourteen Months
at the Front," by WVilliamn J. Rtobin
Soon after he reached tho front,
Private Robinson became temporary
driver to Lieut. Glen. Sir Juilan Byng'
and he was in Ypres when the first
shelling began. From that lhe was
swItched off to armtored cars, and
then to motor machine guns, with
which he fought in ditches at "Hell
fire Corner," on the Menin road. It
was while he was on this job) that ho
saw. a motorcyclist win the VictorIa
Cross. He descrIbes the incident
" 'Volunteer dIspatch riders for dan
ger ' work' were called for. About
eighteen of our chaps offered themt
selves, and, of course, all were ac
cepted. A dispatch had to be carried
about two miles along the road which
follows the bank of the Yser canal.
The road was constatntly bieing swvept
by German machine gun and rifle fire.
The dispatch was to be handed to a
F4reneh commander who was wvaiting
"The first man started and, was
soon out of sIght. They waited in
valat a certain length of time for a
signal that he had arrived and then
called 'No. 2.' These signals are utade
bly heliograph, lbut while they are
good for this kind of work, the Gher
mans can see the signal as well as
we can. 'No. 2' started out, but wYe
saw him go down before he haud gone
a hundred yards.
"Then 'No. 3' started. It wps pitiful
to watch those poor chaps. Wh'len ni
muan knew it wags his tun ntext, I
co.d see the poor fellow nervously
wvorking on his machine. Ile'd prime
the engin~e, then he'd open andl close
the throttle quickly several times
anything,. in fact, to keep himself
'Six 'o tese fellows went down in
tes ttia If an hour, 'No. 7' was a
III-AI on thu wesernl front showtg a
iman. made captive,- a drink from his
young fellow whose name I don't
know. I wish I did, for he was cer
tinnly eilt nerviest man I ever aw.
'No. 7' was hardly out of the oilleer's
Iouth before he had his dispatch and
was on his way. About flve minutes
later the signal came that the dis
patch had been delivered.
"My oflicer told mne afterward that
the French general to whom he hnd
hinded the dispatch had taken the
Medaille Militaire off his own breast
and pinned it on that of this young
dispatch rider. He was also later
awarded the Victoria Cross and given
a commission. It ii things like this
that make one proud to belong to
such an army."
Sniping a Sniper.
After spending Christmas, 1914, in
the Ypres trenches, Robinson helped
a second lieutenant in the Royal 11ngi
neers to snipe a German sniper on the
Dickehusch-Hollebeke road. As they
rode over a. wooden bridge a bullet
whistled. Neither spoke, but on the
way back, three hours Inter, the offi
cer said: "That blasted sniper has
potted at me once too often. We'll
leave the road here and sneak down
qpposite the hedge under cover of the
Tethering their horses, they crept
near the bridge, waited until ai wagon
passed and heard the sniper's shot,
from behind. They crawled a hun
dred yards and waited. Soon -they
heard the rifle crack again, not far
away. Creeping a little further, they
waited again, watching the trees.
'lhey came so close to the sniper,
without seeing him, that next time he
fired they -heard the ejector fly back
.-A the -olt snap. Then they spot ted
him, Hie was well up a tree, with hi~s
rifle fitted on a tripod, so that when
ever lie heard anyone on the wvooden
bridA he had only to pull the trig
ger. But lhe had ended his sniping.
'"he lieutenant and Private Robinson
fired together, and "Mir. Sniper camne
diown like a thlousand of bricks."
Thie "British Tommy" of those days,
accordling to William J., was a "great
gambler" ats well as a great fighter.
One of his forms of gambling was a
kind of tontine, known as a "trench
"About ten fellows got together,
andl each put" ten francs in a pool just
before they went into action. They
left this money with someone behinld
the lines, for they would he in action
anywhere from six (lays to three
weeks. The idea of the pool was this:
Those wvho lived to get back would
take the money and split it evenly
among themselves. If only one lived
lhe would have the whole lot.,
The Tommies kept canaries, rate,
mice, dogs, cnts, goats, and even pigs,
as pets, and would go hungry before
the pet hungered.
The "higgest daredevil" thats Robin
son heard of wats known as the "Mfad
lajor"-an artillery oflicer who kept
his own aeroplane for range finding
puirposes. When hie wvanted to cor
rect a range lie just flew ove'r and
dropped smoke b~omibs on the pairticu
inr spot he wanted his guns to lilt.
Thlen he wvent hne~k and set the guns
to work, One day, being annoyed
with a Glerman 17-inch hlowitz.er, he
flew over with a- 100-pountd bo0mb, nose
dived to withini 400 feet, dIropped the
bo0mb and blew the howitzer to atoms,
lHe -retturned with his planes riddled
Mmr. itohinison indicates in a1 few
words whalit happened to two men, a
woman and two children when a
Tantb(e droppedl a bo0mb in the squnire
at P'Operinighe(. It is enough her'e to
ay that they were killed, and that
the icycle one oif the inen was rid
inlg wlne foutnd twistedl atnd beat on
n ihmnilpos.t iibotut fifty yardls away.
ie ail.o describes briefly the killn
of iwo oficers in a nfototrcar h'y a
(heriman 15-inch shell on the rond go
lng itito Y'pres. The dlrI-er eseimp'd,
but was sent nearly mitd by the shock,
His nerve was, gone and lie bind to be
This was during the se'cond battle
of Y'pres, when~ the city was being
destroyed by shell fire and the houses
Roar of Guns Puntuati
of. Pain-Wracked 8qldirv,
tilated' Men Think Oh
Berlii.-A German corre
with the '.army of the crown
near Verdin sends a graphicd-d'
tion' to his newopaper 'of scenes
little French village where the- 3od k
ed are brought In and taken care O'
"The songs of the rian soigt
who are on leave einthii illage'h
writes, "becomb softeir:.s the'gtay ho
pital wagon appears in the dastystreot. -
The men are seyerely Wounded and.
are unable to sit up. They-are, lying
on their narrow strefcelrs, 'Somti are
iII and others are only slightly wo.ng
ed. The wounded now and& then look
sadly at the bindings of their weinds,
They tell of their sufferingsm Ofie of
them wa' wounded by shrapnel durlng
an uttack by the enemy, Re-na able.
to crawl to the 'rear, and 'while fim,
wounds were being dressed i shell ex
ploded nearby and he was -wounded a
second time. But now we are all wov:
Ing to the rear-to Germany.
Wounded Hobble In.
"It Is getting quite dark. The croak- '
Ing of frogs comes from a pond not far
away. The roar of guns Is no longer %
deafening. . The hospital wagon slowly
moves up the street and stops before
the barracks. Those who are able at
Once alight. One, who received a rtie
ball In his leg, Jumps to the ground
with his good leg and hobbles off. An.
other takes an ill soldier on his bucle
and carries him to the barracks. The '
physician meets us, -glances nt our pa.
pers and asks us to sit on the nearest
bench while the severely wounded are
at once taken care of by other physa
clans. All around the room are beds
occupied by wounded soldiers who are
In no condition to be sent back to Ger
many for the present. In one bed lies
a man whose head Is all tied up; an
other has had his arm amputated, an.
other his leg. All are asleep, and some
are smiling, laughing and talking in
their dreams-what sweet dreams they
knut be1--golden dreams. The man
with his head all bound up is talking
softly. The physleian says that he
had the worst wounds that he has yet
seen during the war. It was a ques-'
tion whether he could live, but the
pi1cians brought him around all
right, and today, when the wounded
man asked for something to eat, they
were so delighted they treated every.
one with cigars.
"We are waiting for the automobile
which Is to take us to the nearest field
hbosp1ital. No one says a word. The
guns are aigain roaring. Looking out~
of the wvindow we can see the clear
starlight blue sky now and then vivid
ly illuminated by the fierce glare froid
explodilng shells. Here and .there is
seen the searchlight on the watch for
hostile aviators. One of -tho wounded
"'it would just be my luck to have
somnyinvitor drop a bomb on me now
nfter nil I have alone through.'
is Short of Time. 4
"The door -is opened suddenly, and
a soldier stummbles in. He is holding
his holad wvith both hands and the.
blood Is streaming doewn his face. Hed~
quietly tells the physician that ha
would like to have his wounds dressed.2;
Ele adds that he was driving 'an anid'
munition wagon when he was wound
ed. As thme attendant examines his
woundls the soldier- remarks that he
has not much time to spare, as the am
munition wagon is awaiting 'outside
anmd it is his duty to deliver the am
munition promptly. lie tells the physi
cian simply to wash his wounds and
let him be off. .The physician tells him
quietly and firml'y that that is impos
sible0. He must remain; ihis - wounds
are more serious than he' imagines.
"Iaverything is quiet again and noth
ing is heard except the depp breathing.
of the leeping wounded. Near -me,
one man awakens and sits up In his
beCd. He looks at ime with two star
lag, feverIsh eyes:
-" 'How is it with - the French'?' f
asks me. I notice that his wounds ar
in tihe chest.
"What a question to ask, I paid to7
myself. Here is a man seriously'
wounded, and from a deep sleep he
suddenly awakes and all' he asks is
about the enemy. Not ~a word abo4
his nfother or his home, not a wl
complaint about his sufferings,
"'The French are worse off .thaR
are,' I answered him. -
"That seemed to satisfy.h
then he asked for- a drink of a~~
"Just then the automobite stops i
front of the dlor amnd those ef; ts nlo
severely wounded. are escorted outsid~
iad placed in the machine. Adieu I Am4
the automobile starts on its
to th'at beloved place Whre)a
and loving hands awitt4 nur~
Will Make SUre Ao~
New York.-After Sy
people of New York may
ubly certain as to the st'tj,
vatlon of the eggs th~ybi
tlat date the law reqr'~J
of cold storage- etg,
letters, at least on