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SSUM y OF WORI
Of 64TH CONGRESt
RECORD OF CONSTRUCTIVE LEG
ISLATION BY CONGRESS IS
GREATEST IN HISTORY.'
MANY IMPORTANT MEASURES
Total of Appropriations $1,626,439,20i
With Additional Contracts Amount
Ing to $231,945,275.-items Are
Eneumerated.-Some Big Bills.
Washington, D. C.-A record of con
structive legislation, improving the
advantages of the people all along the
line is that. of the 64th Congress
which has just ended.
The total of the appropriations.
specifically made, is $1,626,439,209.63.
In addition to this congress has au
thorized contracts to be entered into
obligating appropriations in the fu
ture of $231,945,275.20. These con
tracts include $225,266,325.20 for na
val and covst defense purposes, while
the remainder, $6,678,950 is for or
dinary objects of Government.
The appropriations for military and
naval purposes and for additional sea
coast defenses alone amount to $685,.
709,823.09. This sum, with the con
tracts authorized, brings the total for
preparedness to $910,976,148.29. How
ever, there is still more to be added
to tihe preparedness. Congress has
authorized 90 additional war vessels
to be constructed in the next three
years, which will cost $295,000,000 ad
ditional when they are completed and
in commission. This brings the grand
total for the preparedness legislation
of this congress to $1,205.976.1418.29
The appropriat ions are distributed
as follows for preparedness:
Army appropriation act, $267,596,.
Naval appropr!ution act, $313,300,
Fortiflcation appropriation act, $25,.
Military Academy act, $1,225,043.57.
Sundry civil appropriation act:
Armories and arsenals, $4,683,495;
military posts, $1,616,000; military
surveys, $35,000; Panama Canal for.
Deliciency appropriations, military
and naval establishments .$46,770..
648.68; National Guard camps, $200,.
000; nitrate plant, $200,000,000.
Investigations have been started to
ascertain where the nitrate plants are
to be located. The plan contemplated
when this provision was acepted by
eOngress was to pIlce the plants at
convenient sections of the country
where they WoIdIC supply the needs ol
agriculture with fertilizer, easily dis
tributed, and also be ready for uuse
in time of wor in 'the manufacture o
munitions. One of the pfants will bc
in the south.
New government activities will b(
looked upon in the future among th(
notable achievements of the fines
session of- the sixty-fourth congress
For these a total of $73,719,700 11
appropriated, to be usedl as follows
To encourage, develop and creati
a naval auxiliary and naval reservi
and a merchant marine, $50,100,000
federal aid in the construction a
good roads, $6,000,000; establishmer
of federal farm loan banks, $6,200
000; federal employes' compensatlo
commission, $560,000; tariff commii
sioun, $a00,000; construction of rai
reads in Alaska to develop its com
fields, $8,247,620; expenses of colleotin
the income tax, $1,828.000; federi
trade commission, $444,080; eighi
hour day commission, $50,000.
Included in the legiu'lation of tli
session just closed are the followin
Reorganization of the army.
Vast increases in the navy and to
A government controlled merchai
Exclusion of products of child I
her "'*I interstate commerco.
A em of rural cretlits, assnrit
Ii or of his ability to borro
Itai :poni his asset at 6 per cent
ALate componsati-on for waor
at-n ;urod in governmeont emnpie
A l'aller measure of indlependnt
for ih Philippines.
An hn:ht-hour day on the railroad
Fm -five million dollars for go
I'eulished official grain standlar<
applie:n:'e to grain shipped in inte
state '..v foreign commerce.
A inmform1 system of bills of ladin
Ami'uded the federal reserve act
maei. more generally applicale.
A tniti commission.
L evi's upon dyestuffs.
R Lution for unfair trade met
Ads by foreign countries,
Go> vernmento armor plate plaid.
ncrae in terest-boaring accoun
,in postal savings banks from $54
C'cded a sub-committee of tI
comminerce committees to inves tiga1
Some important measures failed1
yarss. 'Thy will be disposed of at ti
nost. nssson, Among them are ti
Goneervation -bills,,e including theE
ielating ' to- oil lands, water powe
Ade coal tand8.
~ :.4Womem. suffrage.
prpipto in the Dfstrict of C
IHASTEN .FOR HOME
ANXIOUS FOR REST OR PART IN
THE NATIONAL CAMPAIGN
Gives Notice Remainder of Railroad
Program Will Be Pressed Next See
sIon.-Three Other Important Meas
ures Go Over.
W-ashington.-Adjournment of Con
gress was quickly followed bX a gen
eral exodus of members hastening
homewerd for rest or the national
While the closing saw the adminie
tration legislative program mainly
completed some things wait to be
continued at the winter. session notably
the remainder of the president's pro.
gram of railroad legislation which was
partially enacted to prevent the threat
ened strike. In a formal statement
President Wilson speaking of the work
of Congress, gave notice .that the re
mainder of the railroad program would
be pressed at the new session.
The president's statement was as
"A very remarkable session of Con
gress has just closed, full, as all re
cent sessions of the Congress have
heen of helpful and humane legislation
which constitutes contributions of cap
ital importance to the defense, the eco
nomic progress and the wholesome life
of the country.
"It is to be regretted -that the ses
sion could not have continued long
enough to complete the program re
eently projected with regard to the ac
commilod(ltion of labor disputes be
tween the railways and the employee,
but it was not feasible in (the circum
stances to continue the session any
longer and therefore only the most im
mediately pressing .parts of the pro
gram could be completed.
"The rest, it is agreed, has merely
been postponed until it can be more
maturely deliberated and perfected.
I have every reason to believe that It
is the purpose of the leaders of the
two houses immediately upon the re
assembling of Congress to undertake
this additional legislation. It is evi
dent that the country should be re
lieved of t'he anxiety which must have
been created by recent events with re
gard to the future accommodation of
The immigration bill, the corrupt
practices bill and the bill to permit
combinations of American exporters to
meet foreign com'petition abroad went
The closing hours of "Congress were
remarkably quiet. Only the presence
of the president in his room, near the
Senate chamber, served to attract in
terest -to what otherwise would have
been an uneventful ending of an event
3 ' IN GREAT BATTLE WITH FOE
SLatest Country to Enter European Wai
f Scene of ChIef ConflIct Now Raging.
't London-Rumania , which entere(
t'he European war less than two weeks
S ago, now is the scene of a great bat
- tle between Rlusso-Rbumanian forcei
I- and armies of 'the Central Powers. Thi
.1 eoutron part of Dobrudja or enaterr
0 Rumania, has become a figh-ting ground
LI and 'the opuosing armies are enigaged
t- from the Black Sea to the Danub4
along a front of about 70 miles.
e Bulgarian and Turkish iroops ar
g riving along the Black Sea coast have
occupied Baltik and two other sea
ports, Sofia reports, and the fortress
r. otflDobritch or Bazardik. 50 mile!
southeast of Bucharest. han been taker
it by a combined Blulgar-Glerman force
The Runmanians continue Iheir of
a- fensive in eastem Transyivania and
also have occupied the importani
ig town of Or-sova on the D~anube. abov4
wv the Tron Gate. Adynning from Calk
.Szer-eda in Thansvlvania north of
kc- Kronstadlt. -the Rlumanians are driy
y- lng wvestward andl Vienna admits 'the
withdrnwal of Austrian forces befor(
te attacks against Ilrrgitta.
s. BAKERS WOULD QUIT
dMAKING 6-CENT LOAF
is Ohcg.Rcomnain to all
r- bakers of the United Stattes that the
5-cent loaf of bred be abandoned and
~. the 10-cent loaf standardized, were
o made after considerable discussion ai
the .closing sessin of the executive
committee of the National Associatior
of Master Bakers. They urged that the
- recommendations he pnt into effect in.
mediately. Economic waste incideni
to the manuf'acture of the 5-cent ical
a was emph-asized as a reason.
MINORITY LEADER MANN
ePAYS TRIBUTE TO KITCHIN
Washington,--With~ the close of t'he
a first session of the Sixty-fourth Con
e gress Representative Kitchin round
,e ed out his first experience as floor lead,
er. IHe was complimented by Minori.
'0 tv Leader Mann in a speech. "It was
r, natural," said Mr. Mann, "to see the
Majibity Leader develop and grow in
his position." Mr. Kitchin immediate.
.ly after adjournment stepped across
the aisle and grasped the hand of Mr.
FRENCH MAKE BIG GAINS I
DRIVE MEN FURTHER INTO GER- A
MAN LINE ALONG SOMME
Berlin Admits Loss of Ciery-in Gaila- '
cia Russians Have Taken About
6,000 Prisonersa.-Fighting Near Lem.
L6ndon.-While -their compatriots
were busy north of the Somme ward- r
ing off German counter-attacks or en- 0
gaged in artillery duels, the French, t
south of the River, drove their men I
farther into the German lines for note- a
woithy gains. p
In stubborn fighting over a front I
of four miles below Vermandovillers f
and Chilly -the Germans have been a
forced to give up the northern portion t
of Vermandovillers; while the French A
have occupied the outskirts of the t
railway junction town of Chaulnes to v
Roye, between Chaulnes and Chilly. S
To the north, operations of the 14
French with Barleux, and ultimately b
Peronne as their objective, also met
with success. Southeast of Belloy,
en-Santerre further German trenches a
were captured and most of the village c
to Berny-en-Santerre fell into French -
hands. Paris says the number of -t
prisoners taken apparently was large, c
Berlin admits the loss of Clery n
which lies a short distance northwest V
In Galicia on the front of the Zlota t
Lipa and 'Dniester Rivers the Rus
sians have driven the Teutonic Allies
from fortified positions and have tak
en 4,500 prisoners, among them about',
2,000 Germans. Berlin concedes a vic
tory to the Russians in this region.
Violent fighting continues around
Brzeany, southeast of Lemberg, but
here Berlin says the Russians have
suffered heavy losses and have made
no advarice. Russian attackes near
Sborow, northern Galicia, and in Vol
hynia, also failed, according to Berlin.
SUFFRAGE BODY WILL
CONTINUE DUAL CAMPAIGN
Vote Support In SeekIng Both National
and State Legislation.
Atlantic City, N. J.-The National
Woman Suffrage Association by an
overwhelming vote decided to con
tinue its present policy of working for
equal rights through both National
Iand State legislation, The vote was
taken after a long debate and no soon-1
or had the applause that greeted the
announcement of the action taken
consed than a resolution was presen-t
ed which threatens to open again the
whole question. I
Virtually all the speakers declared
for strict neutrality in the presidential
camp~aign and to continue the non
partisan efforts of the association to
bring ab~out equal suffrage throughout
the United States.
Women from every state in the
Union are attending the forty-eighth~
annual convention of the association
wvhich was called two months in ad-1
vance of its regular meeting because
of the national political campaign.
COFFIN GIVES CLUE
TO WRECKED ZEPPELIN
London.-The number of the Zoppe
lin wrecked in the recent aerial at
tack on London was disclosedl for the
first time at the funeral of the victim
in the inscription on the coffin contain-1
ing the body of the commander. The
airship was the L-21.
The onely coffin marked was that of
the commnnder and it bore thee
words: 'An unkno-wn German officer1
killed while commanding the L-21, I
Sept4'mber 2, 1916."
COMMISSIONE RS ,MEET.
New York.--The formal opening of
the discussion of the relations be- I
tween Mexico and the United States
by commissioners appointed by each
Government, brought an exchange of
credentials, a general talk over the a
situation and a recess until Friday
to permit Luis Cabrera,' head of the
Mexican party, to attend to personal(
business in Boston, Secretary Lane
was hqst to the party aboard thej
1IG REVENUE'BILL PASSES
iDMINISTRATION MEASURE DE
SIGNED TO RAISE $205,000,000
axes Inheritances and War Muni
tions, Creates Tariff Commission,
Puts Protective Duty on Dyestuff.
Vote in Senate Was 42 to 16.
Washington. - The Administratiopi
evenue bill, designed to raise $205,
00,000 annually from taxes on inheri
ances and war munitions and from
lcreases in the income tax, creating
tariff commission; establishing a
rotective tariff on dyestuffs; provid
ig for protection of American firms
rom "dumping" at the end of the war
nd giving the President authority to
ike drastic retaliatory steps against
.lied interference with American
-ade, was passed by the Senate. The
ote was 42 to 16. Five Republican
enators, Cummings, Kenyon, LaFol
'te, Norris and Clapp voted for the
Fights Tariff Commission.
The Senate was in session until
rter midnight. It practically had
)mpleted the bill earlier but toward
kidnight Senator Underwood moved
) strike out the section which would
reate a tariff commission and .began
last fight against this provision
rhich already had been agred to.
By a vote of 55 to 5 the Senate re
ected Setntator Underwood's motion,
hus retaiiing the tariff commission
ection o. the bill. Senators who
oted to eliminate it were Bankhead.
Tardwick, Shields, Underwood and
A motion by Senator Penrose to
end the bill back to the Finance
,ommittee with instructions that it
eport a measure 1o raise revenues by
protective tariff and with special
rovisions for industrial defense was
ejected by a vote of 39 to 21. Sen
Ltor LaFollette was the only Repub
ican to vote no.
To increase Government revenue
~he bill pr'ovides for doubling the
ormal tax and increasing the sur
axes on incomes; aw Inneritance tax;
i. net profit tax on manufacturers of
nunitions of war, a license tax on
stock of corporations caluitalized at
n~ore than $99,000; excise tax on
seer, wines and liquors and mriscel
aneous stamp taxes.
The bill also creates a United States
ariff commission of six members
vrhose salaries shall be $7,500 a year
lespite an effort made to increase
*lem to $10,000; provides for increas
md tariff duties on dyestuffs to en
sourage their manufacture in this
~ountry and makes provision to safe
~uard against dumping of foreign
nade goods after the European war
nto American markets.
Webb's Bill at issue.
Drastic amendments to the bill
striking at the Allied blacklisting of
E merican merchants, discrimination
igainst American commerce, interfer
mee with Amorican mails and em
>argoes on American trade ivere in
torporated in the bill to arm the
'resident with retaliatory weapons.
rhese amendments have created con
ternation among diplomatic repres
utatives of the Allied Powers in
Vashington who assert that if finally
macted as now seems certain, they
v'ould constitute a non-intorcouse act.
When Senator Lewis of Illinois,
ubmitted the bill as an amendment
to was promptly assur'ed by Senator
,aFollette that it wvould provike pro
onged discussion, if pressed. Sena
:or Lewis thereupon withdrew the
tmondment, announcing that it would
ie pressed as a separate measure,
iaving already passed the house early
n the December session.
Retaliation Against Britain.
Amendments designed to provid6
neans of retaliation against Great
3ritain for' embargoes on American
~oods, the trade blacklist and inter
erence with the mails, werpe agreed
o without roll calls and were unop
osed in debate.
The bill creates a tariff commis
ion, recommende~d by President Wit
on to consist of six members, not
adre than three of whom shall be of
no political party, the first members
b be appointed -for terms of 2, 4, 6,
0 and 12 years, respectively, to be
ies'nted by the Presdnt,
EMERGENCY W5V5j6 UE BILL
CONFERENCE AGREEMENT IS
OWEN BILL IS SET ASIDE
Purchase of Danish West Indies For
$2,000,000 Was Ratified by Senate
-Both Houses Hold Protracted
Friday morning at 10 o'cl6ck. After
nine months devoted to legislation
both houses held protrated sessions
Thursday night to wind up their of
fairs by approving the conference
agreement on the emergency revenue
bill to raise approximately $200,000,
000, desired by the Administration to
meet the extraordinary appropria
tions for national defense and the
The last apropriation measure, the
general deficiency bill, was adopted
by both houses while waiting for the
conference report on the revenue bill,
and the senate ratified the Danish
treaty to provide for purchase of the
Danish West Indies for $25,000,000.
The Owen corrupt practices bill to
limit campaign expenditures and the
immigration bill which President Wil
sin had announced he would veto if
passed, were put aside and will bbe
taken up and pressed to a vote early
in the December session.
The revenue bill as it went to Pres
ident Wilson for approval contained
drastic provisions empowering the
President to retaliate against foreign
interference with American com
merce, creates a non-partisan tariff
commission, increases the duties on
iyestuffs to encourage their manu
racture in the United States, provides
means to prevent dumping of cheap
,oreign-made goods into American
markets after the war and provides
or income, inheritance, - munitions,
:orporation stock, liquor and miscel
aneous internal revenue taxes.
OMPERS AND BURLESON
ATTACKED BY SHERMAN.
Senator in Bitter Partisan Speech
Wages Political War on Labor
Chief and Postmaster General.
Washington.-Senator Sherman re
newed his attack on President Sam
uel Gompers of the American Feder
ation of Labor, during debate on the
Owen j.rrupt practice bill in the
senate, declaring the labor leader and
Postmaster General Burleson were
the two most prominent figures on
the Democratic side of the Presiden
tial campaign. Mr. Gompers, he said,
was to deliver the 2,000,000 labor
votes to the Democrats while Mr.
Burleson used the postmasters of the
country "to fry fat" for it.
Senator Sherman quoted from a
Texas newspaper of 1909 to show
that Mr. Burleson then was part
owner of a ranch where hundreds of
convict laborers were emp'loyed, In
1911, he said, the foreman of the
ranch was tried for causing the death
of a negro convict who had been
whipped, but was acquitted and in
1913 was appointed postmaster at
"If," continued Senator Sherman,
"there is any tainted money in this
country as Mr. Bryan has hinted, it
certainly is to be found in the posses
sion of the Postmaster General of the
AUSTRiANS, MENACED BY
Vienna, via London. -- Austrian
troops have withdrawn before .threat.
ening Rumanian envelopment to the
heights west of Olah Toplitza, south
of Dorna Watra arid 20 miles west of
the Rumanian border, says the off I
cial statement issued at the Austro
Hungarian headquarters. On the
Russian front, the Austrian troops be
tween the Ziota Lipa and the Dnister
River also have been withdrawn.
HENRY FORD SUES PAPER
FO R $1,000,000 DA MAGE S.
Chi-nago.-Suit for $1,000,000 was
filed by Henry Ford, the Detroit man
ufacturer, against The Chicago Trib
une in United States District Court
bere. Mr. Ford asks for personal
damages as compensation for an edi
torial in The Tribune, which, it is
clhargedI calledl Ford an "anarchist."
The bill charges that The Tribune
"sought to bring the plaintiff into
public hatred, contempt, ridicule anzd
financial injury," by the editorial,
FARMERS WIN FIGHT ON
SECRET 'FERTILIZER TRADE,
in the fertilizer industry, actually op.
olrated by larger concerns, or the so.
called "fertilizer trust," will hereafter
be fuilly identified with the parent in
terests, according to a report made
public by the Federal Trade Comimis.
sion, which has been investigating
the fertilizer situation. The report
says the cbmpanies concerned ha,,.
agreed to show their vai'ious reja.
tionships on tkire c.ontainets.
TE O".. ICG. A 'LIEs.
BULGARIAN ANq GER.AN FORCES
CAPTURE. OLD. TQAg RKO6 4I1
ISTRAI ON DANUB .
RUSSIANS SUFFER BIG LOSS
Rumanians Advance A himst At:*.
trians-Rusesians Fall it Akttmprt to
Break Through Austrli Lines
Southeast of Lemburg.
London.-Continuing their advance
In Western Dobrudja, the German and
Bulgarian forces have captured the old
Bulgarian fortress of Silietral, which
lies on the Eastern bank of the Dan.
ube about 25 miles east of Bucharest,
the capital of Rumania and about an
equal distance south of Constanza.
Bucharest railway line. The capture
of the fortress is, announced by the
Berlin war office which asserts that
the Rumanians and Russians fighting
in Dobrudja apparently have suffered
very considerable losses during the
last few days.
In the Banat.North of Orsova,
however, the Rumanians advanced
against the Austrians conpelled the
Austrian right wing after it had push.
ed them back two and a half miles, to
withdraw to its former position under
a strong counter-attack. Attempts by
the Rumanians to advance against
heiglhts West of Osik Szereda were re
pulsed. In Southern , Bukowina near
the junction of the Hungarian and Ru
manlan borders the Germans are in
contact with the Rumanians.
Atitemipts by the Russians to brdak
through th6 Austrian lines Southeast
of Lemberg, near Halicza, failed ac
cording to Vienna with heavy losses.
The Vienna statement mentions the
gallantry of the Turkish forces fight.
ing with the Austrians in this region.
GEN. BLISS TO ASSIST
Secretary Baker Grants Request to
Permit Army Officers to Explain
Wash in gton-Secreta-ry Baker grant
ed the request of the American-Me6i.
can comission to have Maj. Gen. Task.
er H. Bliss, assistant chief of staff, go
to New London, Conn., to give the
commissioners information that lie has
gathered first-hand concerning the
military situation along the Interna
The general is regarded as one of the
army's most competent authorities
on Mexican questions. ' As assi'tant
chief of staff lie has more to do with
the administration of militaiy opera
'tions along the border than any other
officer except Major General Funeton
and recently he completed a personal
,inspection of all the hm- - --- -
Pressure from po'
quartcrs is being bre
Secretary Baker a'
officials generally *o windraw Na
.tional Guard organizations from the
border. Members of Congress, busi
ness houses and friends and relatives
of guardsmen have deluged the de
partment 'the last few days with re
quests for the release of the militia.
T HUS FA R 3,37,000
London..-Germ~an casualties in the
war during the month of August ac
cording to a compilation here from the
German casualty lists, totaled 240.900.
This brings the German 'tota sinice
the beginning of The war, as cnpH'
from the same sources to 3,3 00'
These figures include atll the Ger
nationalities, but do 'n'ot include
naval and1 colonial casua tieg,. -
The detailed figures for the mo h
of August follows:
Killed, 42,100; prisoners, 1,s
missing, 42,900; wounded, 153,500ko
Detailed figures for the period a
the war to the end of August, 1918:
Killed 832,000; prisoners, 106.000:
missing, 234,000; Wounded, 2,144,000.
BRiTISH TROOPS ENGAGED
IN HEAVIEST OF FIGHTiNG
London.-British troops have beein
engaged in the heaviest kind of finght
Ing along a 3 1-2 mile front ,on the
.Sonmme, extending from High wood to
Leuze wood and have captured Ginehy,.
which lies almost directly no"'th 'of
Combles. and all the ground between
Gtinchy and Leuze wood. On a f'ront
of more 'than a quarter mile the lBrit
Ish gained 200 yards east of High wood
and northeast of Posieres captured 000
yards of German trenches.
FARMERS ARE URGRD
TO HOLD TH EifR COTTON
Ft. Worth, Tes .-enry N. 'Pope,
hieadl of the Association of Farinets'
Union presidents, Issued a tee
1"ing all farmers to holid their dotton
for twenty cents, declaring that this
price would be reaciw1 befo- 't*. v-A
ent crop is picked, li a gneri holc;ing
plan ig piltt III prai b4( , Sn1't r'
recent 9re3O i'#Ort4 sting lh- t' A
rasociation l*d L2 ges por pound
a the. ininnuni tee 0 40in.