Newspaper Page Text
In the first installment we
were introduced to Sidney Page,
to Joe. Drummond, her b6y
sweetheart, whom she promised
0 to marry "after years and
years," and to K. Le Moyne, the
new roomer taken by Sidney and
her mother in order to piece out
I family finances. And in this in
stallment we see Sidney step
ping into womanhood and mak.
ing important decisions right
Sidney could not remember when
lier Aunt Harriet had not sat at the
tible. It was one of her earliest dis
e illusionments to learn that Aunt Har
riet lived with them, not because she
wished to, but because Sidney's father
had borrowed her small patrimony and
she was "boarding It out."
Eighteen years she had "boarded It
-out." Sidney had been born and
grown to girlhood; the dreamer father
had gone to his grave, with valuable
patents lost for lack of money to re
niew them--gone with his faith in him
self destroyed, but with -his faith in
the world undiminished-for lie left his
wife and daughter without a dollar of
%Harriet Kennedy had voiced her own
view of the matter, the day after the
funeral, to one of her neighbors:
"le left no insurance. Why should
lie bother? He left me."
To 'the little widow, her sister, she
had been no less bitter, and more ex
"It looks to me, Anna," she said, "as
if by borrowing everything I hadl
Oeorge had bought me, body and sou;,
for the rest of my natural life. I'll
stay now until Sidney is able to take
hold. Then I'm going to live my own
life. It will be a little late, but the
Kennedy's live a long time."
The day of Harriet's leaving had
seemed far away to Anna Page. Sid
ney was still her baby. Sile had given
up her dolls, but she still made clothes
for them out of scraps from Harriet's
sewing room. In the parlance of tLe
Street, Harriet "sewed"-and sewed
She had taken Anna into business
with her, but the burden of the part
nership had always been on Harriet.
To give her credit, she had not comn
plained. She was past forty by that
timle, and her youth had slipped by Ia
that back room with its dingy wall
paper covered with paper patterns.
On the day after the arrival of the
roomer, Harriet Kennedy camne down
to breakfast a little late. Katie, tile
genleral-hlousework girl, was serving
breakfast. Mr's. Page. wh'io haid taken
utdvanitalge of Harriet's talrdinaess to
read1( tile obituar~y colun inl tile mOrnl
But Halirriet (d1d not1 sit downu.
"Yes, Aunt Harriet."
"Sidney, whlen your fathler (lied, I
promised to look atfter bo1 th you and(1
your~ mtothler until y'ou were alble to
take care of yourself. Thlat was1l five
y ~ ears ego. Of' course, evenl before thait
I htad heiped to support you."
"hif you wvould only hlave your coffee,
Mrs. Page siat w!'.h her htand oin the
handle of tile old silver-lplated coffee
ipot. Harriet ignored hler.
"You are a young woman now. You
'~ve health and energy, and~ you hlave
youth, which I haven't. I'm past forty.
In tile next twenty years, at the Out
side, I've got not only to support lmy
self but to save something to keep
me after that, if I lve."
Sidney returned her gaze steadily.
"I see. Well, Aunt Harriet, you're
quite righlt. You've been a salint to
us, but if you want to go away--"
"Harriet !" wallledl Mirs. Page, "youi're
Hari'net's eyes softened as she looked
att tile girl.
"WVe can manage," said( Sidney qul
etiy. "We'll miss you, b~ut it's timelt
we iearned to depend on ouirselves."
After that, in a tor-rent, camte Haiirri
et's declaration of Independence. And1(,
-mixed with Its pathetic jumble of re
criminations, hlostility to heri siter's
decad husb~and, and resentment for lher
lost years, came poor Harriet's hopes
and ambitions, tile tralgie plea of a
woman who must substitute for tile op
timismn and energy of youth tile giim
determination of middie age.
"I can do good work," Bile finishled.
"I'm full of Ideas, if I, could get a
chance to work them out. But there's
no chanlice here. Thlere Isn't a woman~l
on tile Street whoe knows real Clothes
when shle sees themIl."
Mrs. Page could not get back of
Harriet's revolt to its cause. To hter,
Harriet was not an artist lieading for
her ar't; shle wals a sister and a bread
wIiiner desertIng her trust.
"i'm sure," site said stiffly, "we paid(
you back every cent we borrowed. If
you stalyed here after George died, it
wvas because you offered to."
.lien ehtin worked. She fumbled for
the lhrakorchinf at her bolt. nnt Sid
Hc was a famous n'
himself through , f
courage in an inspiri
tells the i
tey went around the table and flung a
loung arm over her aunt's shoulders.
"Why didn't you say all that a year
go? We've been selfish, but we're
lot as bad as you think. And if any
ine In this world is entitled to success.
rou are. Of course we'll manage."
Harriet's iron repression almost gave
vay. She covered her emotion with
"Mrs. Lorenz Is going to let imie
nake Christine some things, and if
hey're all right, I runy make her trous
"Trousseau-for Christine I"
"She's not engaged, but her mother
mays it's only a matter of a short time.
'n going to take two rooms in the
)usiness part of town, and put a couch
n the back room to sleep on."
Sidney's mind flew to Christine and
ter bright fruture, to a trousseau
)Ought with the Lorenz money, to
3hristlne settled down, a married wom
in, with Palmer Howe. She came back
ith an effort. Harriet had two trian
gular red spot; in her sallow cheeks.
"I can get a few good models-that's
the only way to start. And if you care
to do handwork for me, Anna, I'll send
It to you, and pay you the regular
rates. There isn't the call for it there
used to be, but just a touch gives
All of Mrs. Page's grievances had
worked their way to the surface. Sid
uey and Harriet had made her world,
such as it was, and her world was in
revolt. She flung out her hands.
"I suppose I must do something.
With you leaving, and Sidney renting
her room and sleeping on a folding
bed It the sewing room, everything
seeis upside down. I never thought
I should live to see strange men running
In and out of this house and carry
Ing latchkeys." This reference to Le
Moyne, whose tall figure had made a
hurried exit sone titue before.
Harriet's eyes were brighter already
ts shet went out. Sidney, kissing her
in the hall and wishing her luck, real
ized suddenly what a burden she and
her mother must have been for the last
few years.. She threwt her head up
proudly. They would never be a bur
den again-never, as long as she had
strength and health !
By evening Mrs. Page had worked
herself into a state bordering on hys
teria. Harriet was out most of the day.
She carne in at three o'clock, and Ka
tie gave her a cup of tea. At the n ws
of her sister's condition,. she merely
shrugged her shou'lders.
"She'll not die, Katie," she said
calmly. "But see that Miss Sidney
eats something, and if she is worried
tell her I said to get Doctor Ed."
Very signi4tan1t of Harriet's altered
outlook was this casual sunmmoning of
tihe Street's f'atnily dloctor'. Slie wvas
already dealing in larger 11gur'es. Thle
r'eckle'ssniess of pur'e adlvemnre was ini
her' blood. She hadl taiken r'oomans at a
reantiti that slit tietermuainedly put out
of' hrti'nd, andi shie was on her' way
to buy fur'niture. No piate', fit ing o)ut
a ship foir the highways of t he sea.
ever exper'ienced'( miore( gilt i and 01 tIe
T1he afternoon dr aaggted aiway. Domt
tor' Edi was "out 0on a cast" and miught
not be in until eveninug. Sidniey sat in te
darkened room and waived a f'ana over
her' mothter's r'igid formt. At half paist
five Johnniy Itosenftehl, i'roma the alley,
who worked f'or' a ior!'f after school,
br'ought a box of r'oses, and depalrted
grinning imlpiishly, le knew .Jote, lamd
seeni him In the storg. Soon the alley
knew that Sidney laud r'eceived a dozena
Killarney roses at three dollars and a
hanlf, and1( was probably engaged to Joe
* * * * * * *
,."Doctor Ed," said Sidney, as he fol
howedl hera down time stairs, "cani you
spare't tihe time to talk to mea a little
P'erhiaps the telder' Wilsoni had am
quaitk vIsion of time crowd'(ed ttice
wa'uiting acr'oss thet Strteet ; but his rec
1)ly was pr'ompt:
"Any antoumnt of time."
Sidnmey le'd thie waym3 into the smatll
parmlor, wherae Jloe's r'oses, refused by
thet petualanit invalid up~stair's, bloomeitd
""ir'st of aill," sali SIdney, "dhid you
meatan what Iy('u said up~stauirs?'"
lotor~a Ed~ thlought quickly.
"'(Of 'ottre; but whla t 7
"Yo tnSlaidi I wams ai horn'f niurset."
Th'le Street wasa vtery fond of' Ioctor'
Ed~(. it did not al watys appr'ove of
hima. it samid-wh'lich w~'as per'ftly13
true-thaiit lie had1 sateraificedi hiumsel f to
his brothert's career-thamt for' thet sake
of' that iai'ahnt younug surageoan, D~oe
bar Ed~ htId dlone'~ witot 'wilt' andi
chiildren; thait to senid haim abradt he
laud navted anmd skimape'd ; thait lie still
went shiabby aind dr'ove the oltd buggy
whlile Maix dr'ove about in ain automio
bile coupte. Sidney, naot et all of the
stuff maartyr's ar'e adeat of, Sait in thle
scenIte!d pamrlor, uand, r'temember'ing all
"I'ma going into ai hospi tail," said Sid
Doctor Ed waited. Hie like'd to have
all the syampitomis before het maade a
diagnosis or venature'd ani opinioni. So~
Sidnely, trylig to be chieer'fuh, and quite
uncornscious of thme anuxiety in her' voice,
ian who had lost
ear, but found
ng woman's love
"It's fearfully hard work, of course,"
he commented, when she had finished.
"So Is anything worth while. Look
at the way you work !"
Doctor Id rose and wandered around
"I don't think I like the idea," he
said at last. "It's splendid work for
an older woman. But it's life, child
life in the raw. It seenms such an un
"Don't you think," said Sidney brave
ly, "that you are a poor person to talk
of sacrifice? Haven't you always, all
Doctor Id colored to the roots of
Jils straw-colored hair.
"Certainly not," lie said almost irri
tably. "Max had genius ; I had1-abil
ity. That's different. One real suc
cess Is better than two halves. Not"
he smiled down at her-"not that I
minimize my usefulness. Somebody
has to do the hack-work, and, if I do
.say it myself, I'm a prett' good hack.'
"Very well," said Sidney. "Then I
shall be a ack, too. of course 1 had
thought of other things-ay father
wantedl me to go to college-but I'm
strong and willing. And one thing' I
must make upi my naind to, Doctor 1Ed;
I shall have to support iy imiother."
Harriet. passed the door on her way
in to a belated supper. The man in
the parlor hind a momentary glimipse
of her slender, sagging shoulders, her
thin face, her undIsgised middle age,
"Yes," he said, when she was out of
hearing. "It's hard, but I dare say
it's right enough, too. Your aunt ought
to have her chanice. Only-I w'isl
it didn't have to be."
Sidney, left alone, stood in the littlh
parlor beside the roses. She touchet
them tenderly, absently. Life, whirl
ithe day before had calld her with the
beckoning finger of dreams, nom
reaclhedi(l out grim, insistent hands
Life-in the raw.
K. Le Mloyne had wakened enrly tha
first morning in his new quarters. Bv
cause lie was young and very stronj
he wakened to a certain lightness u
spirit. Butt he grew depressed asI I
prepared for the oflice. He told hin
self savagely, its he put oi his shabb
clothing, that, having sought for pec
lin(] now found It, Ie was an iass fo
"I Do't Tink Likethe dea, H'
resntngit.Th toube as 0
his forefthrs. Lie thedeae wHt
resaninig given up tvryhbng els, K
of otnae. thate~iii of'ur, a figurta
gent. leo had benttooebusy orwo n: be
hirt fofa his. i' e Iodd ed peare ilth
fi dl loathainp ydlfo h
ihat-hourg worin Il)hvryt thagee re
i.e M~y~ea had dr em ped loream
had notingi. V to doI' wit rhe, ifigrau
line lsie work eed at( hisy tak. om
entfua nd evenws o hidl quAsi
morning app2 ti t ol find nouy fa li
w'it -heoi erexcig tidinexi f th c
pl. ome thof1( then "med e"-th
hatrelt' g tmme forwt the-vigure, bu
vartu somatell. faiiihsliaiesmma of se
witha Tlse K. wore Mayn hisselw
lieuplouslyaolte bt Mres.ervee'H
The fderans nt to(let (the Streel
ientrofch on111 l his wretchdness.tecaux
he hadilcoi e tl)ie there was1( 1no reau
sont h it shou-res dptin im.1i5o ut h
wsveroiy poite Whent te daf-1n
dumb book tngent wrote somiethiimr on
Peneil pad ar-' -4 ' nward him,
he replied in kind.
"We are very glad to welcome you to
the McKee failly," was what was
writlen onl the puld.
"Very happy, indeed, to be with you,"
wr'ote back Le Mloyne-aind renlized
Willi it sort of shock that he meait It.
The kindly greeting had touched him.
The greelting and the breakfast cheered
himl also, lie had evidently 11111de some
headway with Tillie.
"Don't you want a toothpick?" she
asked, as he went out.
In K's previous walk of life there
had been no toothpicks; or, if there
were lainy, they were kept, along with
the familly scanduls, in a closet. But
nearly a year of buffeting about had
tuight him many things. lie took one,
aitd[ placed it nonchalantly in his waist
coat pocket, as he had seen the others
Change wias it the very air of the
Street that .Jutte morning. It was in
Harriet, asserting her right to live;
in Sidney, planning with eager eyes a
life of service which did not include
Joe; In K. Le Moyne, who had built
up at wall between himself and the
world, and wias seeing It demolished by
a deaf-anld-dumiltb book agent whtose
wealion was a lead penell pad!
And yet, for a week nothing hap
pened. Joe came in the evenings and
sat on the steps witi Sidney, his htoni
est heart in hIs eyes. Ana, no longer
sulky, accepted with childlike faith
Sidney's statement that "they'd get
along; she had at splendid scheme,"
and took to helping Harriet in her
preparations for leaving. And K. Le
Moyne, finding his little roomn hot in
the evenings and not wishing to in
trude on the two on the doorstep, took
to reading his paper iI the park, and
after twilight to long, rapid walks out
into the country. The walks satislled
the craving of his active body for ex
ercise, and tired him so he could sleep.
When K. was sure that the boy had
gone, ie would turn back toward the
Street. Soime of tite heaviness of hIs
spirit always left him at sight of the
little house. Its kindly atmosphere
seemed to reach out and envelop.
Within was order and quiet, tite fresh
ness of his turned-down bed, the tidi
ness of his ordered garments.
Life, that had seemed. so simple, had
grown very compileated for Sidney.
There was her mother to break tile
news to, ind Joe. Ilarriet would til
prove, she felt ; but these others ! To
assure Anna that site must manage
alone for three years, in order to be
happy and con fortible aftlerwatrd
that was hard enough. But to tell
,oe that she wits phitanlg a future
t without him, to destroy the light lit hi
blue eyes-that hurt.
, * * * * * * *
f After mill, she toldI K. tirst. one Fri
e day evening, comieg homte late as
u- Usual, he found her on the doorsiep,
y and Joe gone. Site moved over bospl
e tably. The moon had waxed and wanted,
r and the Street was dark. The colored
man who drove Doctor Ed in the old
buggy on his daily rounds had brought
out the hose and sprinkled the street.
Withill this zone of freshness, of wet
asphalt and dripping glitters, Sidney
sat, cold and silent.'
"I'letse sit down. It is cool inow.
My iden of luxury Is to haive tle Str'eet
sp~rinkledI on at hot ighit."
K. disposedt of his long legs on t he
steps, lie wais tryinig to it his owit
hh'ens of Iluxutry to a gatrden hose andt
a city street.
''I? 1 (10 ai mtitiiniu of lnhor for a
"liut yoi uwork ait night, dlon't you ?"
K.. wast nti vely hontest, ie hiesi tat
"No, Miss i'atge.."
"But yotu go (out e'very eveing !"
Suddenly thlie truthI hturst on her.
"Oh, dlear !"' slit said. "I dot lhe
lieve-why, how silly oIf you I"
K. was1 mtost uncomtiifor'tablle.
"Itetly, I lIke it."' he' protestedl. "I
evening I wanit to walk. I rumbnlle
tarouind the park aind see hovers on
benches-it's rather t hilling."
QuIte suddenly Sidney Itaughted.
"How very nice you tire !" sihe said
"tand how abs)urd( ! Dont't you knuow
tthat, if you insist oni walking the
streets antd partks att ntight btcaluse Joe
Dritnumiond is here, I shalh have to tell
htimi not to ('omte?"
This did no11tfollow, to K.'s mtind.
''Tey htad rathier n htentetd ar'gumnent
over it, atnd bleenmte tmuch better ac
"If' I were enagied to himit," Sidlney
enided, lier cheeks very pin1k, "1--I
maighit utnderstamlti. lBut, as I am itot~-"
''Alh !"' stid K., it trille untsteadilhy.
"So you it tre not ?"
What do you make of K. Le
Moync by this time? And sup
I pose your daughter, at the age
,of eighteen, decided to be a
trained nurse--would you let her
.take up the work?
D)eart SIr: We tare herewith return
I tg the tal leged pot'mi you submuitted
ettled. "Oht, for the Wilngs of a
D~ove." lFor yourt informnation we
ightt atdd that, If you keep oia sintglng
it thtat stratini, you will sooni be willintg
to comptlromise on at second-hand chteese
When Flowers Are Most Fragrant.
I Flowers aire more fragrant whien the
sun is not1 shliniing on them, accor'd
lng to a Frentch 'i-entlst, blecatuse the
oils that produce the perfume are
forced out by ti'-- wa'ter pressure in
- the plaitt cells, tntu thIs Is dlminisheil
aj he sunlIght,
NEED STATE SCHQOL TAX
Bupt. Swearingen Analyzes Reports
From Counties and Points Out
Defects In Present System.
Columbia.-The annual report of the
14 county superintendents of education
.or the scholastic year 1915-16 have
'en carefully checked in the ofYice of
;he slate superintendent. One of the
most interesting tables compiled for
the information of the legislatuie
shows the per capita expenditure por
pupil on the basis of enrollment i
the 44 counties.
"A careful study of the ilgures," Su
perintendent Swearingen said a few
lays ago, "reveals one of the pressing
public school needs of the state. name
ly, a state school tax to guarantee
mininium school facilities in every dis.
trict. The constitution of 1895 makes
the county the unit of school taxation.
The state department of education
has insistently urged the necessity of
basing the public school system on
state support rather than on county
support. A white pupil in Ilorry is
allowed $7.65 a year. while the same
child in Sumter is allowed $48.50. Of.
course, these extremes vary from year
to year. But in Horry the white popu
lation is large and the wealth small,
whereas in Sumter the white popula
tion is small and the wealth consider
"The three-mill constitutional tax
Is collected on every dollar of prop
erty in the state. Thiq makes people
believe that the three-mill tax is a
state tax. in fact, the three-mill con
stitutional tax is only a county tax,
since every cent collected in the coun
ty is retained and expended In the
"The figures for the year show that
in Sumter and Richland the per capi
ta outlay was more than $40 per child.
The result is largely due to extensive
building improvements during the
year. In Jasper and Darlington the
per capita expenditure was between
$30 and $40, largely due to the same
cause. In Darlington, however. con.
solidation. transportation, a seven
months' term, and the teaching of ag.
riculture must be counted in this cost.
The per capita of $34.63 in this coun
ty is largely supplied by the strong
school spirit impelling the people of
every district to vote an adequate local
tax. Darlington is a rich. prosperous
and homogeneous county; but these
figures show that its public schools
are costing between $4 and $5 a month
for every -hild enrolled Under such
conditions the taxpayers have a right
to demand efficient schools.
"In ten counties. Beaufort. Calhoun,
Charlepton. Lee. Barnwell. Florence,
Faairfleld. Dillon. Orangeburg and
Bamberg, the cost per- pupil was be.
tween $20 and $30.
'it is interesting to note that the
leading cotton county of Marlboro
$t1nds 15 with a expenditure of
$19.78 per white pupil. In the grouf
expending between $10 and $21) stand
27 countIes. Lancaster ranking 41st
with an outlay of $10.52 per white
"Three counties, Colleton, Oconee
and Io-orry. spend less than $11) a
child. Stuadent~s of educational condi
tions in the state can not fail to ob)
serve the low~ expenditurie in counties
with a major-itIy white populationm in
contIrast wIth thIi high expenditurae- in
connt les withI a majotty negr-o Pppu.
"The aver-age for- the state was
$17.02 against $16.22 a year- ago. The
r'ounties or the state are divided into
two equal gr-oupsn with respeort to this
'-tate avercmage--22 coumnf les stand above
and 22 below this nmedian line. Thme
first groun baegins wvith Sutert i and
ends wit h lBerkeley'. The 5Q("ond ga-oil
begins wit h lEdgefieldl anad enads with
Tiorry. Buat in the se-onad gr~oup 60)
per' cent of the white puplils are en
Wireless Plant for Charleston.
Charleston.-Thae navy departmuent
is to build onme of the most powerful
wireless receiving stations In the
country on a site being negotiated for
here, at the foot of Trade street. Ash
ley river. Two masts, 200 feet tail
and a lofty tower, plus a buildinag for
the equipment and anothter for use as
quar'ter-s for eight operators, ai yeo
man and a cook, will be built ini the
near' futur-e, b)ids are now being receiv
ed for the work. The rec-eivinag station
will b~e of sufficient power to catch
mnessages fr'om as faar as Her-lin.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
Mlore Itan 1,700 Shr'iners gather'med
ait (Greenaville for their- anual mneetig
last week. One haundraedl and t wenty
ninte cand1idlat en wore adnmtted to the
Thte fitrst session of the federaal
court ever' held in Ander-son was eon
venedl thecre last week with Judge
Johnston presidinag. About 25 bills of
indictment wet-c hanaded the grand
jury, the cases being mostly for viola
tIon of the llquaor laws, white slave
act andl postoffice lawn.
On D~ecember 7 Lakc City will have
its first regutlar sale of becef cattle
and hogs (direct to packers.
Plans for a systematic anad co-ordi
natod campaign in the Interest of the
Manly athletic field of Furmana univer
sity, are rapidlly maturing.
Construction of a $20,000 fertiiizer
plant at Rock Hill is now untdear way.
"We were gratified to know that
the death rate had decreased about
45 pea- cent since these improvementsit
were made," says the report of the
board of gthe State Hospital for the
Inanne. filed with Gv. Mainn
(By . O. SELLERS, Acting Director of
the Sunday School Course in the Mood1y
Bible Institute of Chicago.)
(Copyright, 1916, Western Newspaper Unlol.)
LESSON FOR DECEMBER 10
FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH.
LESSON TEXT-Rev. 3:1-17.
GOLDEN TEXT-Be thou faithtul unt*
death. and I will give thee the crown of
This passage most wonderfully illus
trates that dominating purpose of
Paul's life. More than most lessons
a tmap will be necessary to locate dig
tinctly the places mentioned. There
are interesting stories in connection
with each of the seven cities and
churches. It Might be wise to give to
seven different people the task of bring
ing information to the class regard
Ing each one mentioned.
I. Ephesus, whose love Is waning
(vv. 1-7). The key word to these me
sages is the word "overcometh." Im
each of the messages our Lord de
scribes himself in a different way ae
cording to the peculiar needs of that
particular church. Here he is repre
sentedi as holding the stars (messen
gers of the churches, Ci. 1:20) In his
right hand, and keepling them secure,
controlling them while he walks in the
midst of the seven golden lamp stands,
literally churches. The symbolism of
"lanp stand" is used because the
churches were intended to be light
hearers as they held forth' the light
given by the oil of the Spirit (Math.
>:16; P"hil. 2:10; Zech. 4:2-0). Ephesus
was the capital of a province said to
be one of the richest in the Roman em
pire. In it was the great temple of
DIana. Here Paul had labored and
had various experiences, and to Ephesus V
he laud written a letter (See lesson 8,
third quarter), but there were good
things to be found in this 10phesian
church (vv. 2,3). Forty years after be
ing founded, John writes this message.
lie knew their "works," their general
inori conduct, especially its active and
passive sides through its trials, its
dealing with Impostors and its prac
tienal energy and enterprise; and its pa
tience (literally steadfast assurance)
in bearing - witness for Christ. Jesus
knew of their never wearying endur
ance. Surely these things would indi
cate pretty nearly a model church.'
Jtesus says, "No, there ha something
seriously wrong," so seriously wrong
that unless repented of lie would re
move them out of their place.
II. Smyrna, the church with a crown
of life (vv. 8-11). Smyrna was 40 or 50
imiles from Ephesus, and at this time
a city of 250,000 inhabitants. To this
church the Son of Man (Ch. 1:11)'
sends another message. It Is interest
ing to note that this church and the
one at 'hiladelphia received from the
Master ululltlfled praise. It ,had
works, activities; It also had tribula
tions, riches and1( poverty (for thou art
rich) rich in good works, rich toward
(God, ric'h In treasures laid up ini
heaveni ; however, It was In the midst
of persecut Ion. It was here that Poly
carp lahored, who afterwaird, as bilhop)
ofi Sinyrnia, was marltyred (see v. 10).
(Of P'olycarp it is said that rather than
save ihis Ilfe by renotucing Christ he
c'rlied out, "'lighty and six year is have I
serived him, and lhe hats dlone me' no ill
ternial lif e, thme crowni of' victory). Th'le
5t'('ond~ deathii is t he lumln ('onduemnia
tion1 wlehr sinnrer's und~e'rgo) at thIe Judig
anit sent of od. 1
lil. Pergamos, the church in a strotig
hold of faith (vv. 12-17). Our glorlied
L~ord~ knew that the church in P'ergamuos
wais in ai peculiarly dlillIcuilt situation,
that it was Satan's headlquarters, his
"thlrone(" (v. 18) ; hence they were in
e'spec'ial nee'(d of a dlefendler and the
Lorda Is represented as "lie that hath
a sharp, twvo-e'dged sword," the word
of God1 (Ileb. 4:12-13; John 5:22). Per
gamnos was almost fifty miles north (If
Smyrna, a city of about 17,000 inhabi
tants, and1( the capital Of the plrovinice.
TIo it we're brought many of the early
Chrristians who wer'e compelled to sul'
fo'r miartyrdomn. Again we haive a
chur'ch whlose wvorks are comnme~'nded,
whose siteadlfastness is met(ione in~ilI
!!mt they "held fast to my uinme, andi
riot den'fied the faith"-iimrtyrs (vv.
13). Ilowever, d'angers thrnneateul
themr for there had been a 'ompi;romtiso
with the world ar~d withn ot hern ss
terns of faith, what we would enll to
(liy liberality ini dloctrine arid brienthtl
in vIew In teaching : (1) Some~i of tl:eir
inumber hand accepted anrd practiced
the doctrine of Ihminni (.1ude~ J1; Nitum.
31-10). (2) Th'lese. teacings enst a
stumalig bloc'k befoire thre c'lhldren of
Israel (v. 14). Th'lis was done by per
suading t he Isrta'lites(' to .lrin In the
lidolettrous feasts and revelinigs of the
he'athen, tanid ailso therir impthurity of
In lie reaIinig part of the chapter
we have some' glimpses of the remain
lag four churches, the good thrat was
to be ('ceishedt' and1 the evil that was
to lbe cver('orue. .
Perhapijs thie most suggestive of all Is
tht o.f Litmdicent, the lukewarm
LuIk"ewar'u~mess Is one of the most
deadly evils to overcome, atid hence '
the highest and most glorious of all
the promises suggested ends with "I
wiill give himt to sit down with me in
my thir'one as I also overcame and sat
down with my father In is throne"
(Aim. RL V.).