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OFFICIAL WAR CABINET COM
PRISES MANY STRONG LEAD
ERS OF ENGLAND.
BALFOUR FOREIGN MINISTER
Earl of Oerby Is War Secretary.-A.
Bonar Law Atked to Act as House
Leader and Member of War Cabinet
Not Expected to Attend Regularly.
beei IIa'll th; ) hr: (rv.':rnIjn rt. h :2d
been voni tfr. . a war eabtr?
ProlJe:rjt o' ti: C'2( n'-l, Earl Cur
zoni, whIo ras il br: Govrtr. ran
.~', ,''rsadir~r in thi: H-,tne- 'f I,',r't ; Ar 'hur
lIf ndeirsion, Mrl:.t 1rr withiout. pr-rt
follo, aun' Adr-iw ltonar Law, -h: a
corllor of thc th?' J.x' hirnir:r, wr, .:i
br n, askel by' fIi: F'r'ile.iri to i t. a
Ileadir inj th Jlo fc- 'f Comu:rnorI nri
alo ai rnurbrJgr 'J the war Cabirtf:t
without br:ing r:;,ttp'I' to attedif rcig
Thr: offiter rn'r:dbers of the .Min
inmtry, who are ra. In the war (:ab
Ir t, art:
Lord Jilgh (1;, rne-lior, Sir -itobrrt.
IJ antait h yn': Sir~ .
S-rt.ar ojf StatW for ther llomr:
Dr)pjaritiufitil, Sir ('orge Catvu.
SQ'ir*r;try of St.:itf for Fouieign Af
fairrs, NIr. Arthur .1. lialfour.
Seu:rii ajr y ' i :ir: for- thut (:olo jiu-t,
W."alttrr fl i ,an . I ot
Se rr-tar y of S I t: for War. thr Earl
S1- rtiary of Slats.- for India, Au
J'uretidut. of thr. I ,oo'al Go vernine.n
Board, lIaron 1Ihonuirla.
P'reiir It of the, hIoard of rad!.
Rir Albet. Stanley.
Plirit Lord of ther Admiralty, Sir
Ministe-'r of MNunition, )r. Chrim
toph er Ad'd ition.
1iistteur of iluocrkade, Lord Ttoberrrt
C , :11.
ShIppinpg Controller, Sir Joieph I'a
P restidieint. of thue lioird of A griuul
ture, Rowland E. Prothero.
I'sidiiletI.J or t.e S Board of Educa
tion, Ilt-lrbert. A. I,. Fisiher.
Firt. Comrnhiloner of Works, Sir
Aifred M. Mond.
ChaneIllor P. lIuchy of Lancaste(r,
Sir Fre!ilerIc~k Cawley5.
Pot mnautr Gnral, Alburt 1Iling
ZONE SYSTEM FOR PAPERS
PROPOSED IN POSTAL BILL
Rates of Second Class Matter to be
Greatly Increased Under New Ter
ritorial Division.-One Cent Postage
on Local Letters.
\Vo iihiniiion.- ( )ne '-rnt. pioitager for
localii firsIt clatar mall ti sli Iveriest, andui
a zone iaytom'u of rat '* for rone' ti:
matter which iii expected to greatly in-.
croaste chi'iua rg'ut fora uian.i n-a :inad
circualatlion, is pirovi'- foir ini iman
virtinlily cuompleuts-d ini comaintitte-. Thie
mei'aurea, carriyingi approupiriaut ionii 1i
:taing about $327,00000, probably
wvill lbe reptli to~ 1 lihe hous~ next.
hUuler theus onu'errcent postIage~' provie
ion t he rale ouin ters and other miil
matterti of t he firstt classi, wheun denpoi.
lied in any posiioffleei or huraai'h post
offio or let ter~a box or ponitofficeo ini thu
delivery dititl, for dloli very within
th IIiliia oif the p11oofflee, city or rui
ral dollivery dIitriel , wouldl beo cut
Tlhe zone prIoposalI for hanadlIinag
newaiiapern sand muagazinien, whleh
~~ ?no pa5 lly a flat rate of oneo cent a
'poundi~, lai regard naou lii ne11 of the
mot radical (-hanigaen in pota ge ratet
in y-earst. It dlv ida the contr y in to
eight ?Ai110I', withI rateii chairgeable
rangintg fromt 01ne (ent for 300( millen
to mix ca-nts for I ,800 mulle or more.
f O~ommnit tea heillevesi, will not be0 affect
ed, beau-s, they do nuot circulate bo
yond a 300 ilie radlua,.
DEUT8CHLAND DUE BACK
IN U. S. EARLY IN JANUARY
commeril wouhm anarineDounclandip
loich arivalwan hot watri, wl
morakithe to o tis prtli with
drn inl nxtl few1weka, tcorin to a
'tatt by Pdial To, L. loten vce
prcr.esident of thustr atorwiarding
C , :hopanyho Amerltingnt fro the it
uder, uadmralt says adidthat te
costrlon asthe war t contine uk
enrat thn nava plads wth nret 18l
Adrocdontio doad pofl privaeb.ld
I FRANK B. KELLOGG
New photograph of Frank B. Kel
logg, wh owas elected United States
aiator from Minnesota, defeating
Daniel W. Lawler. Mr. Kellogg is a
fUTONS TAKE BUCHAREST
I-EUTONS CAPTURE CAPITAL OF
RUMANIA AS CLIMAX OF BIG
dof Conquest Comes Just 100 Days
After Rumania Enters Into Euro
pean Conflict.-Important Railway
Junction Also Surrenders.
Hu11hares.'t, IIhe. Capital of Rtumanlia,
4 inl thet, hanris of the, forcesi of the
I-.xaielly 100 days afte.r the declara-j
lon of war by 1iumania against them1 l
wins thie Tetoniwc Allies- Inl control of
.hout 50,000 stIularoe raliles of Rtumanl
;al territory---virtually one-half of thle
(iidm-rnigfrom the Transiyl
ranian Alp% northwenL of thie Capital
.o Ihm Danube Houth of It, and a large
jart of Dobrudja, anid probably still
>nl the. I hl of thle retreating ltu~ssin
Ind 1Iturnanian11 arnIlils wh-ich have
beten endef'avor-ing to hold theml back.
Simultaneously with the annlounce(
men.It of the(, fall of Blucharreslt varnle
ihe newsv of thle capture of thle im
liortrait railroad junction of l'loefchtl,
nort h11 of II(, he Capital, thle vonquIlest ofI
Which p14laces Inl the. hanlds of the in-1
variers thle last, railroad inl thle West
ial gives to tilte head of thle
lin1f runn11ing northward to Jassly,
wher th Captalof Iumaia i no
Nodti7 hvea e.cm
inawpitan p o fFaniaB. Kuce elo
alvigg h oa eleceted Uthd ttedvs
senato om dMfnesta eetinghz
Danlu Wositonern Mr. Kelgi au
Thtain of ConqestComsrJst 100tualy
ter Rumania kEntersInt Ebrc-n
erraor Confltmoretant R000 ailwa
Jancetion Also urners. iitr
commentatorsiii'i one11 o~ of theoud
feaitly of te gra, atrtedca
romo thr hyolurr when ginld tharha
von ti M ensei orced ai ~ coroln of
the DanubeO sqad on N xofmbern24 set
JmlIertor shortaly fte a withGen
(ig trlo-uhii \Vlli from the westyl
eanatia falteotlz of the mna Capital.
Th iie reenls ptiereureat rof thes au
tonic Iiroanading armii-s, wi h thavpe
paenon da1 yofit heavy athlery proved
too muchforyw King heiann' ornce
oniel to the Rullia ofront ast b-rken
t hoe ment teaetr of the innt
Alis toi howarc Ii ~e hf Grma ofubmai
rLines w i asnt. bL roadat iy thelest
Washl gi ngton. -efrm toli whiich othe
nexi t four years wgiorl utrl In)d by Wsil
Wieaetilffaial ofd tmmhors owon
gren.t ai niepoilo eug
tdhs oi st (i-iimottan andma oto thues
inihiLis is ide woma suffragiie byn
F'oderal ameosnitoion ofr(g'n duth
HALT LABOR VOTE
CONGRESSIONAL ACTION WILL
AWAIT RESULT OF LEADER'S
ALLIANCE IS BEARING FRUIT
Effort Being Made to Dreaft Substitute
.For All Forms of Compulsory Arbi
tration Which Will Be Agreeable to
on Preident ilso'u railwvay Ir-gisla'
tio pirg-rtarn probably will await tie
r* lt 'o dejerrmind efforts of labor
Slrje:r4s to draft a submtitute for all
!fenrrr of cornpu:'ry arbitrationl which
w. d be agreetsli- to thiir followers,
'frijIpoye!r.s and the ardinisiitration.
Thfe de:t(inrrrii;?aton of t he president
to urakae mnaking Iimpoible by
suel'h law a -ituation as he facedI last
Septernrb-r in the railroad dispute has
aroused labor to the greatt::t. activity.
The inoffirial alliance be tweeni the
AmirerranrI d Fdr:ration of LabiKor arid the
four railway brothi erhoods arrangeel
r':eertly at Baltimore ik beatrng its
first fruit in co f-r''n e between rep.
rintati of botli organizations to
iraft a lplan that will shelve all conipui.
,ory arbitration bill.. Congressional
liders a re inlin'ed !o g..o ;Ilowly on
th e prririent's program prndii(ing an
iouncernt of labhor's proposals, pro.
ie d t hey are re:vfeale-d during tho
preset j(-ieon of Congress.
Samuel (mpi~ers, president of the
Amirerlcari Federatlion of Labor, said
that 'onferenies already. have taken
laCe btweenIi brothe(irhood and Fed.
.ration lI'aders, but that no :oncretio
'lan had Li-'r workid out. iope exists,
it- said, that soine plan can be drawn
ia? will make congrossional action
an te essaryv.
"Organized labor," he said, "always
'iI opapose any form of compulsory
If a scheme satisfactory to the
-;orkers is drafted, it is understood,
t will be submitted to reIresentatives
>f the railroads and other employers
L16d to the president. Aypoval of it
)robably would mean that Congress
would oliminate the compulsory arbi
tration feature from any legislation
DEPORTATION OF BELGIANS
BY GERMANS IS PROTESTED,
United States Declares Germany's
Policy to Be "Contravention of Hu.
mane Principles of International
V*ashington.--- The American Gov
ernimcit's formal protest to Germany
aigatinst the depOtation of Belgiam
for foredA labor, as a violation of th
principles of humanity, was made pub
lie b~y the State Department. It war
in thle forro (of a note, cabled tr
('harge Grie'w at fIerlin with insatrue
tilons thrat he s;eek anr interview witll
thre Giermsal Chancellor and read i
to him andarr was given) out by thre De
pailrtrenrt with the terse comment:
"Thre intrcvifew hias takern place.''
Oil icials r'efus~ed to addl to thia
statement, arnd so far as could bi
Iea r red thIree hias lbeeni no reply fron
Ger'amaany. All in formiantionu available
ho wev~e'r, indira tes thIiat lie deporta
tions are ('jitntiuinag, and it. is k nowr
that thlarough narilier' in formal repres
enotat ior:s ('hiarge U re w learned th a
tire Ge-rmanr positioan was that thi
policy wast a milit ary necessity am
riot in v'iolationi of int ernatilonal law.
JOSEPHUS DANIELS, JR.,
HONORED WITH OFFICE
New York.--Josephrus Daniels, Jr.
of Italeigh, N. C., was elected a vict
par'esident of the National Young~
Menr's lDemocratic L-eague at its an
nutal meeting here. lFr'ank D). Shrelle3
oif New York was elected presidena
aind William F. Mc('ornhar was mad<
chai rmnan of thre ad vi:sory cornmittec
I .ette r's fr'omu I'res; itdent Wilson and
Mr'. Mv'oirmi'k thIs. hing tire organi
zattorn for its amrpaign work, wern
read at the meeting.
FRENCH SHIP WITH CREW
OF 713 LOST SAYS PARIS
Parir.-Th''le Frenc'h baittleship Suf
fearn ,whleh left November 24 foi
1,'Or'ient, a IFrchr naval stat ion ii
llrittny, has riot been heard frorx
since thle M iris~ter of Marine constid
ers thre vessel lost with all on board
Th'le Suffer'n was reported to hravt
be'en damiagedi by shell fire when tha
Allies tried to force the Dardanrellei
and~ she was sent to TIourlon for,~ re
pairs. She was of I12,750 tons anm
had a staff (of 18 offieers arid 700 men
NATION NOW REVERTS TO
SOCIAL WORK SAYS WILSON
Washtigiton.-Advocacy by Pr-tsi
dent WIlson of a bettor "soclal unrrco
s1traldinig,'' rand a warning by Samruei
(Goimpern, iprestddent of thle Americar
lFederatlin of 141ah0r, againist govornr
mlenita rt egulatiorn of thre nrormal act iv
it irs and p11lerstonal rolationshrips of tht
peIople, featturod the sessIon of the
Confe'ree on Social Insuirance hart
tundor tile auspices of thle Internlation
al AssocIatIon of Inldusttrial Accideni
Doard and, Commissions.
CHARLES FSANCIS JOSEPH
Chairman Francis Joseph, who suc.
ceeds Francis Joseph as Emperor oi
ASQUITHl QUITS CABINET
RULED THROUGH EIGHTS TORMV
YEARS OF DOMESTIC AND
King Summoned Unionist Leader, An,
drew Bonar Law, to Palace and Of.
fer Him Premiership.-Ends Day oi
London.-Hferbert H-. Asquith H.. As
quith resigned the British Premiership
which he had held through eighi
stormy years of domestic and forelgt
history, and the Government crisi,
found a solution whic.h has been con
sidered the least probable of practica
alternatives. The Unionist leader
Andrew Bonar Law, was summonet
to the palace Immediately after Mr
Asquith had departed, and the Kini
offered him the Prime Minister'
commission, which he had Just accepl
ed from Mr. Asquith's hands.
The Premier's decision to realgi
and advise the King to summon At
drew B3onar Law to form a Cabine
was taken after a" day of extraornli
nary political excitemnnt and activity
There 'were constant cominigs and go
ings of the political leaders betAweer
D~owning street and the. various. G;ov
ernment departments. Mr. Asquitt
met Several Unlionlist le-aders . in -on,
sutltation, Including Earl Curzon. Lo(-r<
'Robert. Cecil and the Earl of De(rb~y.
f.,-ee. wer A. J. af,, w -
ll, Adrew onar Aw, J. Aste
e, incldin Viscunt.reyL.w/
Hacor,, Edwi -.Mnau h a
quis-o .Cee einl cen
Walter RuncI~ian, ~Lor uckmasterWI~
Chaeirman Frncou Jondh whoi sucs
waes Facd byalos asuEperorl ol
dAr s tresiHugay.
SQUNESS CAUEDTB OPEAIN
RULED TOUJHN EIHT TARCHOL
drptalwt Bpnresawntof Palae Sandarf
fer Himpn PofmewJ.Ensy ad of
olitand Eiemer nt.rosotene
qurthsesidied ath hiishom heremiferhi
tomynearso to (weesti andboeiet
hintoratn the apprendcrtis.
foun Arcoli s w urvived by con
idrw;th ast pobabl f rctldc
MltrnativeM. Thn BUrnois leaderi
Arew Lanr, Lra, was Saumneso
Aofthyndrt dEaredand teKn
cofeed imetndt the hiistr
commsinar whih ha JnD Rackp
fedlfro hmre. Asfuthe hans.ietu
'and adif the trung omo n A82r
alo reminerdec tiso cat rent
ws tasoltn afte 191 dato the orL
nahy pnite tiaetemesupreme courtta
iThr we e whontasname comig andgin
inge dolu tialerhdh er b eam
prein tadretorf the Standar~ o;
eOientopartenwas. Mr. mosactiv
andr aggesive fagtedi the ol orr
bie ade nvabyeesented tth O
illtandre Oionath Lwnes utand
ePas Jncin.-Tis citGy isLen
polise by t(roops ofginalde factoeGn
lernt Iuias arng uksteh
for Same, ord. inga' adnisAtru
tondhereon The eng terrtr. Mun
mor tapan :'urident Htguin and ig
thatmren Acitznw excuted a
Asfut 4lChialmonsererble anl
othce orteignrs enkilledo o tinjmo
lid.n Contsts nitcavlry to tla
Tarton N Ynt -A nted iur
IN ARABIA CASE
ACCEPTS RESPONSIBILITY FOR
SINKING BRITISH LINER
GERMANY SENDS NOTE TO U.S
Note Over Incident Received by U. 8.
Officials Places Submarine Warfare
Issue on a Clear-Cut Serious Basis.
-No Quick Action.
of responsibility for the sinking with
out warning of the British liner Arabia,
with the explanation that her subma
rine commander took the vessel for
an auxiliary warship, has brought the
issue over submarine warfare to a
more serious and clear-cut basis than
anything that has happened since the
threat of the United States to break
diplomatic relations after the torpedo.
ing of the channel liner near Sussex
Such Information as the American
government now has shows the Arabia
to have been a passenger ship of the
Peninsula and Oriental line, passing
through the Mediterranean on a regu.
lar voyage. Among the many passan
gers was an American citizen, who
The German note, which was made
public by the state department, says
if official data is furbished showing
that the vessel was an ordinary pas
senger steamer, "this then would be a
case of regrettable mistake from which
the German government would prompt.
ly draw theappropriate consequences."
It is assumed here that the conse.
quences would be an expression of re
gret and offer of reparation for any in
jury or danger suffered by the Amer
icans on board.
The note has been referred to
President Wilson, who is considering
personally a review of recent German
submarine activities to which the
Arabia case comes as a climax. There
probably will be no immediate action.
as the state department first must
clear up beyond question the exact
status of the liner at the time of the
attack. Then it will be for the presi
- dent to decide the course to be fol
In official quarters the German ex
planation is regarded as weak and
unsatisfactory, no weight beinjg at
tached to the statements that the
Arabia was painted like a transport
t and was following a route usually tak
- en by transports, and that the subma
. rine commander saw many Chinamen
but no women and children aboard her.
It is realized, however, that if official
. data finally establishes the innocent
character of the vessel, in view of the
. Sussex case, virtually only one action
I remains open to the United States, and
that would not be taken until every
p lossible consideration had been given
SPECULATION HELPED BOOM
FOOD PRICES PROBE SHOWS.
Federal Investigators Find Organiza
tosto Regulate Lilving Cost
Short Lived In Moot Cases.
r Washington.--Information gathered
Sfrom many sources by Government
officcials conducting the nation-wvide
-inquiry into the high cost of living
. l)onted with increasing directness to
. the conclusion that the soaring prices
of certain necessities of life were
(due, to some extent, at least, to the
manipulations of food and other spec
ulators who ha~d combinedl to force
These combinations are believed by
the government investigators to have
been criminal in character, rather
spasmodlIc and rather short-lived.
Special attention is being given just
now to alleged price manipulation in
the so-called coal corner wvhich re
cently resulted in sending prices to
a panic level. Investigation of the
high price of coal, hardly yet begun,
has already convinced some officials
tlat there was no warrant whatever
9for $12 coal in Boston and New York,
-other than the activity of these alleg
MANY YOUrJG WOMEN
S RECOGNIZE "OLIVER OSBORNE"
.New York.--I've more persons, in
e, cluding one young woman whom he
Imarried, recognized in Charles H.
Wax the man they had known as "O11
ver Osborne" or under some other
name. Wax, who is held uinder $60,000
e bail, as a material witness in a Federal
I ease, was brought hero from Chicago
to clear the name of James W. Os
.borne, an attorney, who has been
e accusedl by Misc Rae Tanzer of breach
OVER 50,000 FARMERS HAVE
.APPLIED FOR FARM LOANS
1 ahntn.-fiil of the farm
loan boardl announced that more than
.60,000 farmer-s have applied for mort
I gage loans aggregating approximately
. $160,000,000 or more than 17 times the
. amount of money which will be imme
t dliately available for loans upon the
,organization of the 12 farm loan
Ibanks. Most of the applIctIons have
.colne from the south and wvest. They
still continuue to come in by hundredsI
CLOSE TO RIE
THREE GEORGIA COUNTIES,
ALONG THE SAVANNAH RIVEP
LETTER FROM STATE EXPElT
Stat. Ent w- .
Cotton he;.: .a.,
Columbia i. .. na colon b.
,weevil has infested three Georgea
counties, bordering on South Caroih ,
namely Burke, Effingham and Ch
ham, according to a letter received r
E. J. Watson, comissioner of agric
ture, from E. Lee Worsham, state .'
tomologist of Georgia.
"In Chatham county," says
Worsham, "it appears to be only
miles from the Savannah river. T
advance eastward this year has be
about 150 miles and with a favoral
seson next year the southern and we
ern parts of your state will become
fested by the weevil.
"We are arranging to call a conve
tion of the sea island growers of tk
state some time in January. for t
purpose of having a heart to heart ta
with them on sea island cotton and t
boll weevil and we will be very g;
indeed for the sea island growers
your state and Florida to meet wi
us. The experiments which we ha'
conducted for a period of years t
early fruiting varieties of sea islat
cottno are the only experiments th -
have been conducted. Our results ar
very promising indeed and we are <
the opinion that :f the sea island grov
ers will pursue the proper course, the
can continue to grow some cotton, bt
there is a great danger of their becon
ing stampeded and trying to groi
short cotton instead. This, as yo
know, will be very disastrous to th
sea island industry. In view of th
fact that Georgia. South Carolina an.
Florida raise all the sea island co
ton grown in this country, I feel tha
we ought to pull together and do ever3
thing in our power to save this it
dustry. Will you be willing to c
operate with us and urge your sea is)
ared men to attend the convention a.
some central point some time in Janu
"You are going to find in your wor
in South Carolina that you are going
to need all the help that you can pos
sibly get from every conceivablh
source in convincing the farmers and
business men that the boll weevil is s
permanent and serious factor in cot
ton production. Your problem ir
South Carolina is identical with that
Af Georgia. and I hope that whenever
this department can be of service to
your good people you will not hesi
tate to call on us."
age, have beeni placed in the Spartan
burg county jail. They are chargeo
with having crushed the skull of r.
new born infant in Appalachie mill v'il
lage. Creer', following which, it is al
legedI, they stabbed the baby in the
abdomen several times with a knift
and then flung the corpse in a mit
It is alleged that clothing connecting
the Snmith-Pittman family with the
crime was found upon the premises 0:
the aceused people. It is said tha'
the State will show .that Lydia Smith
the girl accused of being the mother
was absent from her employment fron
November 10 until Novemibr 20. The
body of the child was discovered or
November 28. .
It is charged that Fulton Pittmian
the young man arrested with the twe
women, was ihitimate with Lydia Smitl
and an effort will be made to prove
that he was the father of the deal
child. Pittman is a son of the accus
ed girl's step-father.
Mrs. Smith was married on Sep
tember 10 of this year to FI~e Smi-th.
salissi. shrdlu shrdlu nou wow m ymin
Cuts State's Death Rate.
Columbia.--"If each individual, who
died was-worth $500 to the state, then
by saving the lives of 1,025 persons the
state board of health has saved the
state $512,500 on a total appropriation
of $55,573.23," says James A. Hayne,
M.D., state health officer in his report
for the legislature after calling atten
tion to the decrease in the number of
deaths from preventable diseases. "We
claim that the state board of health
has prevented these diseases," says
Dr. Ilayne. Liberal support for the
state tuberculosis hospital
The following is a comparatwo
statement of the deaths for nine
months in 1915 and 1916:
Malaria .,......... 8
Pellagra.......,., 0 9
Tubercul'eis, other forms 12 9
Tuberculosis, pulznonalis1,2 126
Scarlet fever .,,., 4 '
Typhoi4 ft av...r .. .i :e
W~hoopij g ........ 3h
~ t~........1915i~ 1916i