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BUSY WEEK WITH
iTHE STATE SOLONS
UMANY IMPORTANT BILLS ARE
INTRODUCED IN BOTH
V 0FFER NEW INSURANCE LAW
Aeven silis to Remedy Insurance
Trouble Before Lawmakers.-Both
Houses Fully Organized.-Governor
Manning Delivers Address.
In an effort to induce fire insurance
."ompanles to resume their policy writ
ing in the state, a number of bills
Tecommended for passage by Governor
Manning and the commission, appoint
.ed some time ago by him to investi
,gate the affair, were introduced in the
house by David D. Moise, Sumter.
-They were put in the senate by Mr.
The bills provide:
Fir:it: The repeal of the valued
policy law and substituting in sub
stance that in case of total loss the in
surance company shall pay to the in
'sured without delay, the amount that,
the insurance company admits liabil
Ity for and the insured, if the full
.tmount of insurance is not paid by
-the company has his right of action
in any court of jurisdiction for the
-differext e between what has been
paid aid the face of the insurance
carried it is further provided that
'in the -Vent of recovery against the
-comi)any. the company shall be Ila.
*ble for all costs and 10 per cent of
the nmount recovered as attorney's
Second: There is an elaborate fire
inspection law, providing for the in
vestigation of all fires.
Third: There hI a bill that seekv
to have fire insurance agents exam
Ined and placed under bond. The
idea is to have careful and competent
-agents. The bill does not disturb
agents who have been commissioned
for two years.
Fourth: - A complete building code
ds pres.enlted to be used in towns and
Fifth: A bill that provides -the
manner in which towns and citiesi
shall impose taxes with a view of
graduating the tax.
Sixth: A bill provides for the ser
--vice of summons on insurance com
*panes through the Insurance Comnmis
Then comes the rate-making bill.
Tle essential features of the all-im
lportant rate-making bill are:
Firat: That fire insurance compa
nes are permitted to maintain bu
reaus in the state for classification
-of property 'and for making insur
.ance rates thereon. All agreements
-In reference to the companies main
'taining 3uch bureaus relative to rates
*aust be filed with the Insurance Com-.
issionier and also all rates made by
such bureaus must be filed with the
Commissioner and thereby become
Second: The 1)111 provides that the
Insurance Commnisioner may\ upon01 his
-own motion or upon written complaint,
refer any r-ate fixed by the insurance
-ompaniies to a commission of three
-to determine whether or not the rate
A 'is unre-asonable or discriminatory.
'The commission after investigation,
if it tinds that a discrimination exists
lhas power to remove the discrimina
tion o~r if it finds that the rate in1
*<uestioni is unreaslonable the commis
talon ha-s power to promulgate a rate
-which in its opinion is not unrlieason
- The commission is to be made up
*of one member- to be selected by the
'-4'overnor. upon the recommendation
of the Insurance Comniissioner, one
uponi the recommendation of the rat
-lng bureau having the largest mom
roership among the companies doing
business In South Carolina, and the
third is to be independently selected
'by the Governor.
Third: The independent .or non
iboard companies are not required to
ile a scehdule of r-ates, unless upon
-complaint fronm the policyholder.
Fourth: Mutual fire insur-ance conm
panies charter-ed under the laws of
South dar-olina, and operating under
~the assessment plan are exempt from
the provisions of the act. There are
*other' exemptions, as to sprinkler
4 wisks and railroads.
Richard I. Manning, governor, in his
annual message to the general assem
ibly of South Carolina Tuesday at noon
recommended the enactment of a pro
;gram of progressive legislationi and re
.viewed the condition of the state gov.
emnment. Tihe address was delivered
'by the governor in the house of rep
* resentatives before the joint assembly
Insurance by the state of South
'Caroline for- warehouses owned under
the state warehouse system and for
-cotton- stored in those buildings is
~the purpose of a bill introduced by
Senator Jf. A. Banks of St. Matthews,
Under the terms of the bill the state
would "go into the insurance busi
-ness" so far as warehouses and cotton
4o' concerned. The nill provides
&t 'the. governor, insurance commnis
* 'stoner, state treamurer and comaptrol
ler general be authorised to execute
za note on iho credit of the state for'
- :..*. * *50.000.
mud a large number of spectators in
the galleries. There were several ques.
lions that the governor did not touch
upon, which will be dealth with later
In special messages. The governor
only discussed those questions that de.
inand "early and earnest attention."
The governor in his message dis.
cussed education, primary election
laws, registration, law enforcement,
the Nktional Guard, prohibiton, good
roads the Torrens system, rural cred
its, boll weevil, the Lever act, the
state warehouse system, the state
liospital for the insane, salaries and
arged strict economy.
Bethea Urges Dispatch In Senate.
Lieut. Gov. Bethea, in convening
r'or the third time the upper house,
said in part:
"Since last we met the country has
witnessed the greatets political strug
;le in history. The forces of power
mad privirege have been arrayed
igainst the people. but, thank God.
lie people have triumphed at the poll,
ind democracy and Justice have a
meaning hitherto unknown.
"More than this, and better still, we
iave peace-peace perserved in a
world at war. In this transcendent
chlievement, and others like it, the
matchless man in the White House
it Washington. has led the way. And
the voice of Woodrow Wdson, which
Is the voice of America, to again rais
ed in behalf of the righteous cause
Df peace. . . . We should take cour
age and rejoice that it has been
vouchsafed to our country and its
president, the man of destiny. to lead
the world in this effort to lift the
stricken nations 'froni trouble into
coitent, from suffering into peace,
from death to life.' . . .
"As to how to accomplish great
things and to make this the most no
table session in thelhistory of the seii
ite. I have but one suggestion to
make. I commend to you the method
[ saw in vogue in the British house of
ords and house of commons a year
igo today, and that method was brev
ty and pointedness cf speech, thor
)ughly prepared in advance, and used
)y such men as Lloyd-George and Sir
dward Carson when I heard them
"Whatever we do let it be done with
'eadiness and dispatch. Let us not
mcumber the record with useless bills,
et us do hard. and persistent and hot-.
sat work and then let us adjourn
kbove all. let us be true to our trubf
mud let us strive In public service to
mulate the example of the beloved
House Chairmen Are Appointed
Speaker Hoyt has named the fol.
lowing committee chairmen: Ways
nd means, Mr. Liles of Orangeburg;
ludiciary, Mr. Boyd of Spartanburg;
railroads. Mr. Boyd of Spartanburg;
railroads. Mr. Friombe'.-g of Charles
ton; public printing, Mr. Lesenne of
Mlarendon; roads. bridges and ferries,
Ir. Boyd of Laurens; rules, Mr.
"othran of Greenville; state house
ind grounds, Mr. Hammond, Rich
and; offices ani officers, Mr. Good
via of Collet on; legislative library,
Wr. Dominick of Newberry; local leg
shation, Mr. Rogres of Dillon; medi
~al affairs. Mr. Lanme of Lee; military
ffairs. Mr. Richey of Laur'ens; enroll
id acts, Mr. McMillan of (Charleston;
~ame, fish and forestry, Mr'. Riley
>f Saluda; Hospital for Insane, Mr.
VIeuffer of Abbeville; incorpor'ations.
dirs. Wright of Cherokee; accounts,
dmr. Ford of Fairfield ; agriculture,
Wlr. Sanders of Sumter; banking and
nsuranc'e. Mr. Molse of Suimter';
-laims, Mr. 1Ellis of GIreenwood;: comn
nerce and manufactures. Mr'. Nunn of
kfork; edlucation., Mr. Graham of WVil
lamsb~urg; engorased bills. Mr.
WVrighmt of Cherokee; penitentiary,
dr. Scott of Anderson; police regula
ions, Mr. Hammond of Ptchland;
3rivileges and elections, Mr. Lesesne
The lower body saw the introduc
ion of a number of bills, some of
itated-wide cone'ern, and decided,
mfter' debate, to go to Charleston
The 72nd South Carolina house of
'opresentatives re-electedl all of its
ufficers desir'ous of succeeding them
melves. James A. Hoyt of Richland
sounty was again chosen speaker
without opopsition. J. Wilson Gib~bes
>f Columbia defeated HI. C. Booker' of
spar'tanbuirg for alerk. A. E. Hutch
son of Rock Hill was r'e-elected read
ng~ clerk without aii opponent. John
9. Wilson of Lancader, for some
rear's sergeant at arms, was elected to
suicceed himself over A. McQ. Martin
)f Greenville, a former member of
:he house. The speaker pro temnpore
ias not been selected. To fill the
racancy caused by the death of the
Rev. John P. Knox. the Rev. [L. 10.
Wiggins, pastor of me Green Street
'dethodist church. Columbia. was
shected chaplain over the Rev. A. B.
Reeves, pastor of the First Chistian
A bill has been introduced by S3en
iter Singler' of Charleston~to create a
itate highway board, consisting of
sine member.. One member' from
sach epngressional distr'ict shall be
bppointed by the 'governor and these.
with the commissioner of agriculture.
sommerce and industries as the eighth
member shall select *a ninth, who
ihall be chairnian of the board. Only
be chairman shall receive compensa
tion, exclusive of his traveling expen.
lea, and the salary of the chairman is
to be ?ied by the board. Tern et
aff~e sa a benno e ars,
G(OVERNOR OF S4
GOV. R. I. MANNING
FAVORS CHANGE IN LIQUOR LAWS
--SUBSTITUTE LIGHT WINES
Advises Establishment of Highway
Bureau-Enlarged Educational Work
-Discusses Deficit and Asks Eco
nomical Handling of Appropriations
Richard 1. Manning. governor, in his
annual mesage to the general assem
bly of South Carolina Tuesday at noon
recommended the enactment of a pro
gram of progressive iegislation and
reviewed the condition of the state
government. The address was deliv
ered by the governor in the house of
representatives before the joint as
sembly and a large number of spec
tators in the galleries. There were
several questions that the goverpor
did not (ouch upon, which will be
dealt with later In special messages.
The governor only discussed those
questions that demand "early and
T1hae governor in his message dis
cu~ssedl education. primary election
laws, registration, law enforcement.
the National Guard, prohlibition, good
roads. the Torrenis system, rural cred
its, boll weevil, the Lever act. tihe
state warehouse system, the state
hospital for the insane, salaries andm
ulrgedl strict economy.
"l'rom a careful survey anid observa
tion of tihe entire state. I recomimnd
that the present law, known as the
gallon-a-month net. should bie amend
edl and st renmgthenedl in sever-al p~ar
ti-ular-s," said the gover-nor, discuss
Among tihe miore lmportant recom
mendations made by the governor
A mt ate-wide compulsor-y education
A state board of examiner-s to se
cure im-re competenlt teachers for the
schools of tile state.
Ample funds for- agricultural courses
in the schools.
The ,Australian ballot system for
the cities and towns,
Liberal supp~ort' for the schools.
The r-ighmt to suspend local officers
who fail to enforce the law.
Liberal support for- tihe N~tlonal
A sane but strict law reguating the
impor-tation of whiskey.
A state highway department to en
able South Car-olina to share in the
feder-al appropriation, is anmong tile
matters submitted for consideration.
The governor also called attention to
other- highway legislation.
A shor-t term rural cr-edits law.
A continuation of thme cattle tick
Several acts to strengthen the state
Creation of a state institution for
the caref~f the feeble-minded.
Car-efuT investigation of the work of
the state tuberculosis sanitarium at
Liberal appropriations for the sup
port of the Confederate veter-ans.
Fire insuranse legislation~ "which
will adjust our difficulties, protect our
interests and be fair to all parties con
Increase .In salaries for state off i
cials to meet the high cost of living.
Thlat taxes must be held down to a
minimum which is consistent with ef
The enactment of anm inheritance tax
I~mnforcement or repeal of the state
hwomE'ff tax law.
The message delivered by the guy*
ernor contains abotut 7.000 words. The
governor was given close attention by
the members and the spectators while
reading the dotuiment.
After pointing out that the prohibi
tion law shduld be anosrdled in sev
eral particulars the governor pointed
the necessity for the appointment of
constable to aid the local officers in
enforcing the teris of the act. "We
need a law that (an be effectively and
rigidly enforced." said the governor.
Gov. Manning discussed conditions
at the state hospital for the insane and
urged that a liberal appropriation be
made to continue the program of im
provements. lie asked that the legis
lature visit the institution in a body
and see for themselves what has been
accomplished during the last two
Governor Manning's veto of the bill
placing the election of state gaue
wardens in the hands of the legisla
ture and depriving the Governor of
the appointment of this official was
sustained by the house. The term of
the present game warden. Col. A. A.
Richardson. will expire this spring and,
had the Igeisiature overriddenl the vote
of the governor. his successor would
have been elected by them.
The efforts of Representative Sear
son of Barnwell county, the author
of the bill. to get it repassed over the
veto of the Chief Executive, failed,
52 memIbe rs voting to override the
vbeto and (U5 to sustain it. giving. the
Governor a clear :najority.
Two othor bills vetoed by the Gov
ernmo' one the duiplicaite 0' aun ae(. al-.
readyv signed valIidatIice a school (-lec
tion in LimIest one Tov nsh ia of' (her
okee County. and t he other anmendinig
the draInage hn w. were s'cssta ined tin
Rlepresentative TI. P. ('e:bran of
Greenville lead thme st'ceet'sful' fight
which sumsta ined the veto of lte Gov
ernor on thle gamce wardcen bil1.
The house agreed with the Senate
to make the visit to W\iintrop Col
lege on t he 19ft h, the j,i :thldayc of G en.I
Robert l.. Lee.
The first of the new oills wec e (Lrop
lped inito the legislative ha~pper. on the
housr side, t wo being to make the
legal rate of initerest six per' cent, one
providing for'the short tsrm system
of rural credits.
Representative Joseph A. flerry of
Orangeburg was elected Spe-tker lpro
temi defeating T. P'. Cothrain of Green
ville. The appointments announced
biy Speaker Hoyt for the session were:
Assistanit clerk, Campbell Mc[,ain
of Columbia; secretary to the Speak
er, Miss Kate Cantwell of Columbia;
journal clerk, R. E. Carwile of Co
lumbia ;desk clerk. John A. Kaminer
of Columbia; pages. John Radcliff of
Columbia, James TI. Bacon Sharpton
of i'dgefld. Ned McSweeney of
I lampnton, (Charles MIilford of Colum
lia anid Rutledge iles of Orange
burg; piorters for the Speaker, Mack
TBreeg of Columbia; for Judiciary Com
mittee. West Oliphant of Edgefield;
for- ways anid means, Jeff Weston of
Congaree; laborers, Ike Rleed of New
berry, Jordani Oliphant of Edgefield;
Aecra Bozemani of Anderson and Coun
elI Cross of Barnwell; doorkeepers, W.
N. Austin of Greenville, C. B. Prince
of Ahxbeville and J. N. Mitchell of
Governoir Manning signed the bill
passed by the 1918 legislature reenact
lag the South Carolina prohibition
law. thus, it was said, removing all
cloubt as to the law's validity. The
law was passed in 1915 to become of
fective if approved by popular vote.
rhis approval wan gIven in 8eptember,
1915, but later the constitutionality of
be law was attacked because the state
ronstitution requires that all laws be
enacted by the legislature.
The law prohibits the manufacture
and sale of liquor withiin the state and
limits siipmente for personal use to
one gallon a month to any . ......
HEW COUNTY DEEATED
4o Williameton County For State.
Vote Was Overwhelmingly Suong
, Against it.
Gleenville.-Complete returns show
hat the proposed new county of Wil
lamston was overwhelmingly defeat
)d in the special election. Twenty
Aine of 36 boxes gave 569 votes for
:he new county and 1,044 .against It.
rhe missing boxes are small and
3ould not possibly change t.e results'
A the election, as a two-thirds vote
.s necessary for the establishment of
tle proposed county.
The election was held within the
troa of the proposed county which in
aluded the lower part of Greenville
.ounty and a section of Anderson
!ouinty, embracing lionea Path, Bel
ton, Williamston, Pelzer and Pied.
iont, with Willianston as the con
tempalted county seat. The territory
xtended within eight miles of the
areenville (otirt house in one direc
ion. approximately the same distance
rom1 Anderson and touched the Laur.
3ns county line.
The only heavy vote in favor of the
new county was polled at Willimston
6viti 249 for and ttne against the
'ounty. Only one small precinct in
3yreenville county gave a majority in
avor of the county and this was at
West Dunklin. While the returns
rroni Anderson county are slow in
'oming in, the boxes that have been
ivrard from indicate that the rural
listriots polled at heavy vote against
the new county.
Talk of Boll Weevil.
Chmaileston.--The annual meeting
3f the agricultural society of South
Carolina, S. G. Stoney. president, was
held. and addresses heard froni ex
perts on boll weevil conditions. (attle
breeding and other timely subjects.
Speakers were J. K. Evans, JUited
States department of agriculture,
President Riggs of Clemson college;
Ira W. Williams and L. L. Guion, and
President Stoney. W. G. Hinson re
signed as vice president, after serv
ing many years. and was made an
honorary member of the society for
life. L. D. Chisolm resigned as see
retary-treasurer. S. M'. Welch and W.
M. Frampton succeeded to these of
flees. President Stoney specially
warned farmers to prepare against
the coming of the boll weevil. Mr.
Stoney and three others will be dele
gates to the Valdosta. Ga.. holl weevil
conference. January 24.
J. K. Bolton Slain By Sniper.
Greenwood.--Seeond Lieut. J. Kax
Bolton of the United States marin
corps. a natlive of Greenwood, met hi
death iat San Pedro Macoris, Sant<
Domingo. Lieut. Bolton landed witl
a detachment of marines and wa
fired upon by a crowd on (lock. Thi
informalion was officially telegraphei
the navy department by Capt. Chain
dler of the ba.ttleship New lailpslhire
The ent ire comunity feels bereav
ed by the news of his death. Lient
loltont was -graduated from the Cita
(de iII the class of last year and wa.
appin~ited to thle marine .'orps last
November. Hie is scurvi ved by his
father anid mother, two sisters, Misses
Mamnie ElizabethI i and Mild red Holton,
and two brothers. I Inrold Bolt on anid
Julia n Hiolt on.
Go On Reserve List.
Waishingt on.--The following South
Carolinians were niominiatedl by the
prtesidlent to be assistant surgeons in
thle ityy medical iresei've corps: .Ju
lius C. Sosnowvski. Leon WV. McGr'ath,
Williani (. lHodie, Lewis W'. W.haley,
.Johni M. Art hut', James F. Jeft'oirds,
Thomas P. Chieathama and WIllim C.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
D. ii. R. C'artei', assistant sur'geoni
general of the United .States puiblic2
health service, has beeii detailed te
make a survey of Br'oxtoni townsip
in Colletoni county. The survey will he
imade b~y the state board of health in
an effoi't to stamp) out hemorrhagic
malai'ial fevet' or "yellow chills.'"
The most destructive fir'e in the his
tory of York occurred when the Mc
Neill building, a two-stor'y brick strmue'
ture on Mulin street in the hiear't of the
businiess diistic(t but-ted, entailing a
loss of approxinmately $70.000.
Gov. Manning has approved the rN4
ignation of Col. E. M. Blythie of the
irist regimiett. The resignattion no0W
goes to the war' department fori action.
Of so mutch importatic' does Sentart'r
Tillman think thle recent repor't of t he
South Carolina bo0ll weevil commission
that he has secured consentt of thle
senate to print. it as a putbhlic document.
Coy. Mannintg has reeived many ap.
Jplicationi fot' appoiuntet as state
batnk examiner~ to sntOeeed ivy Mi
Mauldin of Pickens, who has been
elected ant ativ le vice president of the
Palmetto National Banik. Mi'. MauldI i
will resigni at an early date.
The Pomaria Jburhteran chuirch has
been selected as the place'O for the next;
ann'ual meeting of the F~vanugelical
Lutheran Syntod of South Carolina.
which convne i''TC'Juesday after ths
second Suniday' in November, 1917.
('itizens of Andersoti have ptition
ed the c'ommuisioniers to order an elec.
tion on the qumestioni of issuing $125,000
of bonds tot' ctreet paving,
ieonr mules and a two-stot'y barn,
ownied by TH. Leoni ShutlI, in Columbia,
wer'e destrtoyed by fire. The loss was
estimated at $6,500, partially covered
by insurance. The origin of the fire is
OR SICK STOMAOH
Time it! Pape's Diapepsin ends
all Stomach misery in five
Do some foods you eat hit back
taste good, but work badly; ferment
Into stubborn lumps and cause a sick.
sour, gassy stomach? Now, Mr. or
Mrs. Dyspeptic, jot this down: Pape's
Diapepsin digests everything, leaving
nothing to sour and upset you. There
never was anything so safely quick, so
certainly effective. No difference how
badly your stomach is disordered you
will get happy relief in five minutes,
but what pleases you most is that it
strengthens and regulates your stom
ach so you can eat your favorite foods
You feel different as soon as "Pape's
Diapepsin" comes in contact with the
stomach-distress just vanishes-your
stomach gets sweet, no gases, no belch
ing, no eructations of undigested food.
Go now, make the best investment
you ever made, by getting a large fifty
-dent case of Pal:e's Diapepsin from ary
store. You realize in five minutes how
needless it is to suffer from indiges.
tion, dyspepsia or bad stomach. Adv.
Power of Music.
"Why do people prefer 1m.44 to Cont
"Seemsli to bie some so -rt (of instincet
ahoim It. Th'lere isn't anlybody who
wouhulil't ra(ther listmn to it cnary bird
1tha11 lto it 11arrot."
AIDS WEAK KIDNEYS
The symptoms of kidney and bladder
troubles are often very distressing and
jeave the system in a iun-down condition.
the kidneys seem to suffer most, am al
m11ost every victim complains of lame back
and urinary troubles which should not be
neglected. as these danger signals often
lead to dangerous kidney troubles.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Itoot which soon
heals and strengthens the kidneys is a
splendid kidney, liver and bladder rem
edIy, and, being an herbal compound, has
a gentle healing effect on the kidney.,
which is ahnost imnediately noticed ta
nost cases by those who use ;t.
A trial wil convince unyone who may
be in need of it. Better get a bottle from
your nearest drug store, and start treat
ment at cnce.
However, if you wish tirst to test this
Sgreat preparation send ten cents to Dr.
Kilner & Co., Binghamton, N. Y., for %
sample bottle. Wher. writing be sure anm'
nention this paper. Adv.
"Stulthe'-1 11r1)e up tat story hto
t ok I."
" u-t im ipehn I why he took it
to I swallow-tale party."
MOTHER'S JOY SALVE
for Colds, Croup. I'neumonin sapd
Asthma; OO LIN NT
for Ne-uralgli, Rhleumiatism11 andi
Sprains. For sile by ill Druggists.
(lOOSHC IIASI CiOMi'ANY, MfiR'S.,
Greensboro, N. 0.-Adv.
"'I noiticeI ihnt yuntg 11n:n1.setln
"I''n ll. nl thle ot11i nin Ix set
.Cod hiealthi depends upon good digs,.
tirn. Sategnaird yourm digestion and you
safeguard your health. Wright's Indiaa
\ egetable Pilis provide the safeguard. A
medicine as well as a purgative. Ady,
"Youi are~q noti fooils *Ieofuh are
Io n I l l 4i'ik' tulu~'i ~tIi'sr
SYRUP OF RIGS FOR
Iis cruel to force nauseating,
harsh physic into a.
ILook back at your cildhood days.
Remember the "dose" mother insisted
-m--castor oil, calomel, cathartics.
11ow you hated them, how you fought
against taking themi.
With our children its different.
aMothers who cling to the old form of
physic simply dlon't realize what they
do. The children's revolt is well-found.
ed. Their tender little "insides" are
injured by them.
if your child's stoma'ch, liver and
bowels need cleansing, give only deli.
clous "California Syrup of Figs." Itg
action is positive, but gentle. Millions
of mothers keep this harmless "fruit
la::ative" handy; they know children
love to take it; that it niever fails to
clean the livdr and bowels and sweet
en the stomach,,and that a teaspoonful
given today saves a sick child tomohr,
Ask at the store for a 60-cent bottle
of "California Syrup of Figs," which
has full directions for babies, children
of all ages and for grown-ups plainly (4
on each bottle. Ady.
Tion~gs that grip a door..rame have
been invented for~ hanging babieV
(*hairs or swings in doorways.
Oat, One "DROO egg ft~
A strike of undertakets teok plaoe
att lIverpool, England, recetij4