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FINAL CHAPTER IN THE OCCUPA.
AION OF MEXICO BEING
BAKER ISSUES STATEMENT
Border Militia Questiob and Sending
of Fletcher to Mexico Ca'pital Now
Hold interest.--Villa and Carranza
Washington.-The final act in the
entrance into Mexico of 12,000 Amer
ican. soldiers as a result of the Villa
massacre of 17 Americans at Colum
bus, N. M., on March 9, 1916, was writ.
ten with official announcement by the
War Department that General Persh
ing had been ordered, and actually
had started to bring his troops back
to the United States,
Secretary Baker issued the follow
"General Pershing has been ordered
to bring his troops cut of Mexico. The
movement is to be an immediate one,
and probably is already under way.
Later advices to the department said
that the troops already had begun the
evacuation of Colonia Dublan, 110
miles from the border, where they
had been concentrating during the
past few weeks. The last American
soldier is expected to recross the bor
der in about a week."
No official information is at hand as
to whether Villa or Carranza troops
will occupy the territory left. vacant
by the Americans, but the belief is
strong here that the bandit, who is
credited with, at least, 8,000 well-arm
ed men who is now, at least, four
times as strong as when the American
troops went across the border, will
make a desperate effort to take the
territory, particularly for its moral
effect. The two other phases of the
Mexican problem on which interest
centers now, are the disposition of the
more than 50,000 militia still on the
border, and the sending of Ambassa
dor Fletcher to his post at lexico
City. Officials say no (decision has
been rcached in either of theset (111e
tions, but that both are depen(lent on
the turn of events in Mexico.
SENATORS WORK OVERTIME
TO CLEAN UP MUCH WORK.
Less Than Thirty Days to Solve Con
Washington.-With less than :0
w-arking days remaining in the life Of
th't Sixty-Fourth Congress, the Demo
erktic Steering Commit tee of tle Senl
ate decided to hold. daily ,eislons of
the Senate from 11 o'clock in the
motgling until 10 o'clock at night, be
ginrjng Thursday. February 1.
Overtime axertions were (leternined
upon as the first move in an effort to
solve the congested legislation situna
tion, the decision being to drive away
as hard and fast as possible on es.
sential appropriations and the revenue
bill, and to undertake the big general
Administration measu-es one by one
as time permits. Whether any of the
Administration bills over which there
is so much dispute couldl bo passed,
none of the Democratic leaders would
The general understanding is that
the railroad labor hills wiul he c-onsid
eredl as soon as the India a1lpropria.
tion) bill is out of the way. p~rovidled
the Interstate Commerce Committee
d!oes not ultimately decidle to await
action on this matter is he I louse. In
vIew of the fact that lIepresentative
Admason is preparing to rush a sel)
irate bill on the subject tlhrough the
House, the Senate c-omnittee may
decide to wait. In that case, the cor.
ri1pt proctice bill or the mineral land
leasing measure may be given a try
BIG BRITISH CRUISER
MINED OR TORPEDOED.
li ndnn.-T-lhe litishb auxiliary cruis
er Laur-entic of 14,802 tons gross, has
been sunk lby a submarine os as a re
sult of striking a mine, accordling to
an official statement issued by the
British Admiralty. Twelve off icers
and 109 men were saved.
PITTSBURGH SUFFERS LOSS OF
MILLIONS IN BIG BLAZE.
Pittsburgh, P'a.--Fir-e which swept
through a section of the retail busi
ness district here destroyed the Frank
and Sedar Department Store, the
Grand Opera House, the Hilton Cloth
ing Company and a dozen or more
smaller buildings with a loss estimated
att from $2,000,000 to $3,000,000. Four
firemen were seriously hurt and a (loz.
en or more so badly injured that they
were removed to hospital. Frozen
hydrants handicapped the firemen.
ENGLISH HAVE EXTENDED
DAfNGER' ZONE IN NORTH SEA,
Washington.--Warnihg of a consid-.
erable extension of the North Sea
zone designated as "dangerous to
shipping" was received at the State
Department from the American Em
bassy at Londoni. At the State De.
partment it was said that what signifi
cance the enilarging of the British mine
field may have waW not known, but in
other quarters it was'pointed out that
henew extension formed a cordon of
fnins around the German coast.
CARRIES AN APPROPRIATION OF
$38,000,000, OF WHICH $10,000,.
000 IS NEW WORK.
PARTY LINES NOT DRAWN
President Wilson's Approval Express
ed as to Existing Projects Concern
ed.--Vote Was 221 to 131.-Bill
Now Goes to Senate.
WashIngton.-The annual rivers
and harbors appropriation bill, carry
ii g $38,000,000, including more than
$10,000,000 for new projects was
passed by the House by a vote of 221
to 131. It now goes to the Senate.
The -louse increased the appropria
tion for Norfolk harbor from $270,
000 to $360,000 and retained as a con
tinuing project $1,425,000 for deepen
ing the channels leading to the harbor
at Tampa, Fla., to 27 feet, $300,000 of
the amount being made available in
The President, although opposing
the proposed public buildings bill now
awaiting action in the Senate, has ex
pressed his approval of tile river and
harbors measure in So far as appro
priat!ons for existing projects is con
The louse st rticc out a provision
to create a commission of Cabinet
officers and members of the Senate
and 1louse committees to investigate
river and harbor improvements, drain
ag ', reclamation, irrigation and flood
control problems, with a view to rec
omnmending to Congress next Decen
ber plans for co-ordinating all sich
activities. This plan, favored by tile
President, was eliminated onl a point
of order after a lively parliamentary
light, but another Ilood control bill
is pending in Ihe louse.
The vote by which the bill passed
was not along party lines.
PUBLISHING BUSINESS IS
IN HAZARDOUS POSITION
DUE TO COST OF PAPER.
Declare Publishers, Who Say Remedy
Must Be Found at Once.
Chicago. -- Newspaper publishers
and iiews print paper ianufacturers
at a conference here voted to appoint
committees to meet immedliately after
delivery to Congress this week of the
Federal Trade Conimission's report oil
tle print paper situation to see if
knowledge gained fron tile report
points tile way to an adjustment of
the paper problem.
tblishers, representing the Amer
Ian Newspaper Publishers' Associa
tion, agreed that the present high
price of paper has placed the news
paper publishing business in a posi
tion so hazardous and menacing that
a remedy must be found without de.
lay. On the other hand, representa
tives of the Print Paper Manufac
turers' Association asserted thast the
increased cost of production justified
Many of tile publishers i vored an
agreement by3 both sides to abidie by
anly price the Federal Trade Commis
sionl may net. This would have to be
a genltlemnen's agreement, as the comn
mlission 11as power only to inevsti
mission has power- only to investi
Those active in the meeting includ
edi for the publishers Frank P. Gilass,
of Birmingham, chlairmian of tile print
paper committee of thle Pulblisheirs'
Asociation; F0. B. Stahilman, Nashl
yulle, and Victor- Lawsonl, of Chiceago.
Prominen t manufacturer's present
were P. T. Dodge. president of the
Initernational Paper Company; Alex
anderci Smith, maniaginlg dlirector of
the Abitibi (Canada) Paper Comn
pany, and 3. A. Bothwell and F. A.
Sabbattan, Canadian manufacturers.
FEDERAL RESERVE ACT.
Washington.--An amendment to the
Federal reserve act, proposed by tho
reserve board to make Immediately ef
fective the provision requiring all re
serves of member banks to be kept in
Federal reserve banks, wvas aiproved
by tile House Blanking and Currency
MODERN ATTIRE OF WOMEN
IS DECRIED BY SCEY
Wiilington, N. C.---The North Caro
lina WVomnen's Missionary Society of
the Methodist Churchl in session hlere
adloptedl resolutionis decrying the im
modest atAire of the model-I womnav,
the low standard of moving pictuire
shows, enforc-ement of lawas reguilat
ing sale of habit-forming drugs, urged
enforcemuent of laws abolishing liquor
tra ffic, urged dIiscouragemenat of thie
use of coco-cola and favored a single
standar clef morality.
MEXICAN TROOPERS IN
1-lGHT WITH COWBOYS.
Tuscon. Ariz.--According to tele
11ho10ne avices from Arivaca, Ariz.,
about 14 miles south of here, fIghting
has been in progress all day at a
place called Stonehouse between
Mexico troopers and American cow
boys. Whoa tile cowboys attempted
to drive their cattle from the boundary
line, the Mexicans opened fire and re
ports said the Americans retreatell
and were reinforced by a part of troop
B. Utah Cavalry, whit retuned~ fire
NEW ~ BAM VAE1RTOP
OJA FEDERICO, EIGHTY MILES
NORTH OF COLONIA DUBLAN
Column Will Enlarge at Columbus,
-De Facto Troops Occupy Evucat
ed Territory.-El Valle is Perman
ently Abandoned'as Outpost.
101 Paso, Texas.-Ojo Federico, 80
miles north of ColonIa Dublan, Chi
huahua, will be the temporary field
headquarters of the American puni
tive expedition during the withdrawal
operations. After retirement of the
American troops, Major General
Pershing and his staff will proeeed to
the border at Columbus, N. M., in the
rear of the expeditionary column.
General Pershing has perfected his
plans for moving the headquarters
equipment to Ojo Federico at once
and it was considered probable that
lie had already sent advance detach
ments there to establish the head
El Valle (San Buena Ventura) has
permanently abandoned as an outpost
of the American expedition at dawn
when the Fifth United States Cavalry,
which had been acting as a rear guard
for this preliminary withdrawal move
ment started northward.
Juarez, Mexico.-'lwo thousand de
facto troops reached Jimenez, Chihua
hua, early in the (lay from Torreon,
en route to Chihualuaa City to police
western Chihuahua after the evacua
tion of the American punitive expedi
tion, an official message from Jimenez
stated. These troops were sent north
following the receipt of orders from
General Obregon, Minister of War.
PROVISION TO FORBID STRIKES
STRICKEN OUT BY SENATE.
Committee Again Defeats Effort to
Incorporate Suggestion By
WVashington.--For the second time
since it hogan conisidleration of rail
road legislation to supplement the
Adamson law, the Senate Interstate
Commerce Committee declined to ap
pr-ove a provision suggestedl by Pres
idlent Wilson forbidding a strike or
lockout pending investigation of a
The vote was ten to five, with three
D~emocrats, Senator-s Underwod,
Smith. of South Carolina, and Thomp
son, voting with the Republicans ini
On the first vote 10 days ago, the
committee turned down this provis
ion seven to three. A further effort
may lbe made to win the committee's
approval, and if this is unisuccessful,
a fight will be madle for the provision,
on the floor or the Senate.
Chairman Ne'wlandls said1 the com
nuittee was still at work on an inves
tigat ion 1)i11 with this feature elimi
nated. and was ( onfid ent that approval
would be given a measure that wvould
prevent obst ructions to interstate
(ommner-ce withlout actually forbidding
Thelu act ion of thle committee cnme
short ly after representatives of the I
four railroad brotherhoods informed
P'r sident Wilson thait they desiredl to '
suggest channges to the bills now pend. r
ing. The President askedl that the(
suggest ions lie sublm Itted in writing, I
antd promiised toi give them ('arefuil I
(Onislderat ion. The brothierhoodl lead. a
ers declined to make public their pr-o. ai
piosauls at thIiis time, bitt it is iunder-~ I
stood t hey follow the lines indiantoed n
in hearings before the House Coin '
mittee and1( providle for a permanent F
investigating commission composed I i
partly of employers and employes, 0
without any strike prohibiting feature, a
WVashiington.-The House fortifica
tions committee reported favorably a
$1,000,000 bill Providing for a compre- r
hensive scheme of defense for New e
York harbor, eight 1ti-inch mortars for f
C~ape Henry, two 16-inch guns for the 11
Puget Sound, $4,800,000 for an elabor- 1
ate aero set vice for coast defense, anda
180,000 toi' anti-aircraft guns. 1Dm- I
placements are provided also 'for I
eiteean 1 eh in rane gun.' .
1 . AL- O IAP PEN T
. -ava &ons' 0*
/ 11 (M 0A.el
VILLA -ZAPATA ALLIANCI
REVOLUTIONARY LEADERS FORIV
COMBINATION TO DOWN GEN
1ecause Carranza Refused to Sigr
Protocol He Has Been Left B)
Rebel Leaders.-Withdrawal of U
S. Troops Excite Situation.
Washington. - Troop movement
preliminary to withdrawal of the Am
erican expedition from Mexico ar
being carried out at the southern ex
tromity of the American line unde
War Department orders, and as door
an they are complete, the main bod
of the expedition probably will star
For the first timie offidials admitted
that the withdrawal . of outpostF
from El Valle and other points abou
Colonia Dublan had more than a lo
cal significance, and was being car
ried out on orders from Washington
They made no announcement as te
the probable time when the genera
northern movement would begin, an(
would not even admit that withdrawa
of Pershing's troops after 10 months
in Mexico was at hand. Officials ate
interested. but apparently little !on
corned over growing evidences that a
determined struggle for possession of
the territory evacuated by Pershing
may be in progress soon between Car
ranza troops and revolutionists.
Villa and Zapata.
Official dispatches said that Villa
and Zapata, the two most conspicu
ous revolutionary leaders, had allied
themnselve: for operations against the
de facto armies, and that 8,000 men
had been concentrated near Chihua
hua for a Villa campaign in the north
Sinco Carranza declined to accept the
Atlantic City protbcol, officials here
have indicated that such problems as
the one developing about Chihuahua
not only would be left to the first
chief for settlement, but that he
would be hefd responsible by the
United States Government for their
settlement in such a way as to protect
GREAT BRITAIN ELECTRIFIED
BY PRESIDENT WILSON'S SPEECH
Press Gives HIs Utterances an Un
London.-President Wilson's ad
dress to the United States Senate has
furnishied the British Government and
public with a surprise as electrifying
na his mediatory note to the bellig.
erents. With the exception or Thue
Manchester Guardian and The Daily
News, which are the only papers. in
Gireat Britain tlat can be classifled as
pacificatory !n policy, the press gives
he Presi'lent's utterances an umn
~riendlly reception and engages in
much speculation over tho meanings
'hich it is considered, maly be con
~ealed behind certain passages.
Public men interviewvd began with
ourteous tributes to the President's
uodl intentions andi onded b~y support
nig Great Britain's measures.
it is already foreshadowed by mom
ers of the Commons that a discussion
vil be insisted upon when Parlia
lent re-assembles, and speeches from
Ilemb~ers of the present and the late
'abinet are expected. Possible action
y the American Congress on com
liting the Nation to membership in
n internaitic nal league for peace is
waited with great interest. Both
aivid Lloyd-George in his historic
aiden speech as Prime Minister and
'iscount Grey, while Minister for
oreign Affairs, stated strongly that
embership in such a league without
bligations to force its decrees -by
rms would be useless.
RITISH AND GERMAN BOATS,
CLASH IN NORTH SEA.
Two small naval engagements have
eon fought in the North Sea be
ween British light cruisers and tor
edo-boat destroyers and German de
troyers, the first time the naval
orces of the two belligerent powers
ave met in combat since last Octo
per. Unofficial advices from Holland
ay that from two to seven German
hips were sunk and others badly
lamiaged, and that one' of the -tatter
vas towed into Yniuideli.
TO MEXICAN CHIEF
SOMMUNICATION REGARDS CER
TAIN PROVISIONS PROPOSED
IN NEW CONSTITUTION.
RELATING TO FOREIGNERS
Objects Because Chief Executive May
Expel Anyone Without Recourse to
Appeal.-Not in Accord With Other
Mexico City.--Secretary of State
Lansing has sent to General Carranza,
through Charles B. Parker, American t
Charge d'Affairs here, a communica- t
tion in regard to certain provisions t
which it had been proposed to include
in the new Mexican constitution. The E
communication calls attention to ar- 1
ticles vesting the Executive with pow- e
er to expropriate property without n
judicial recourse, and also the article
providing that civil commercial com- e
panies canno't own properties of a ]
greater area than is necessary to ac- c
complish the purpose for which they p
are formed, and placing the power to
determine what area is necessary in
the hands of the Executive.
The communication says that if the t
latter provision were made retroac- r
tive, it might be confiscatory as no e
provision is made for compensation. 1
Attention in called to the article pro- C
viding that there be no exemption
from taxa.on. If this were given a
retroactive effect, says Secretary Lan
sing's communication, it would impair
|contracts of many foreign corporations E
now operating under agreements pro
- viding periods of exemption by the
- federal or strAe governmenta. -
Regarding article 33, dealing with d
the expulsion of obnoxious foreigners, c)
objection is made because the pro
posed article permits the executive to sl
expel anyone, without recourse to ap- (I
peal, whose presence is deemed ind- 0o
visable by him. The letter states that
this is not in accord with the usual
practice of nations that cause be
FIGHTING UNABATED IN er
MARSHES NORTH OF RIGA.
With Germans Having the Advantage
-Cold Weather Halts Operations
The big hattle between the Germans
and Russians over the frozen Tirul ti
marsh, southwest of Riga, continues Jt
unabated. Further progress for the (i
Germans along both sides of the Aa w
River is reported by Berlin, which l<
claims an advance over a ront of
about six miles and the capture of
Russian fort positions together with
14 officers and 1,714 men and 13 ma- b<
Petrograd admits the southeast of
the river, the Russians have had to yt
fall back a third of a mile, but says
the attacks by the Germans on the
marsh we.e repulsed.
Aside from this battle, the fighting
in the various other theaters con- dla
tinues to be carried out mainly by
the artiller-y and small reconnoitering
and raiding parties. In Rumania, the Y,
extermely cold weather has virtually lei
put an end to the operations for the'
Lively fighting has taken place on
the famous Dead Man 1Hill, in the Ver- i
dun region of France, but no details pe
of it have been madec public. Recip- fr<
rocal artillery duels, which have
reachedl considerable proportions at hi
several points, are being fought from
the Swiss frontier to the North Sea.
The British Treasury, under the de
fense of the Realm act, will shortly a
requisition such foreign securitiesu pc
held in (ireat Britain, as may h~e re
qiui-ed to strengthen the country's tn
financial position. n
INDIANA LOWER HOUSE
PASSES PROHIBITION BILL.
lndianapolis, Ind-By a vote of 70 Aa
to 28, the lower- branch of the State
Legislature passed a bill prohibiting
the sale, manufacture, distribution orha
adlvertiseiT-ent of liquor in th6 state ~
after January 1, 1918. The bill now
goes to the senate. Fifty-two Repub- g
licans and 18 Democrats opposed it.
El Paso, Tex-Part of the field
headquarters equipment and baggage
reached Columbus, N. M., from Colonia s
Dublan together with quatities of sup
plies and munitions, passengers from
there said. Arrangements continue to p
be made in Columbus for receiving the a
expeditionary troops. After a brief
rest there it was said the plan wasd
to move the troops to El Paso, Doug
las and other border points where
cantonments will be pr'ovided.
GIANT SUPERDREADNAUGHT a
MISSISSIPPI IS LAUNCHED.
Newport News, Va-The great red
coated hull of tha.t suterdreadnaught
Mississippi was moored to a pier at ,C4
the plant of the Newport News Ship- q
building & Drydock Co., where hun
dreds of workmen began the work of
preparing her to take .first rank in the
Nation's sea forces, The battleship,
the third American man-'o-war to bear
her name, was launched here before
- distinguished company.
IS CHILD CROSS,
Look, Mother! If tongue is
coated, give "California
Syrup of Figs."
Children love this "fruit laxative,"
nd nothing else cleanses the tender
itomach, liver and howels so nicely. 4
A child simply will not stop playing
o empty the bowels, and the result is
hey become tightly clogged with
vaste, liver gets sluggish, stomach
iours, then your little one becomes
!ross, half-sick, feverish, don't eat,
deep or act naturally, breath is bad,
iystem full of cold, has sore throat,
stomach-ache or diarrhea. Listen,
other I See if tongue is coated, then
;ive a teaspoonful of "California
3yrup of Figs," and in a few hours all
he constipated waste, sour bile and
mndigested food passes out of the sys
em, and you have a well child again.
Millions of mothers give "California
lyrup of Figs" because it is perfectly
armless; children love it, and it nev
r fails to act on the stomach, liver
Ask lit the store for a 50-cent bottle
f "California Syrup of Figs," which
as full directions for babies, children
f all ages and for grown-ups plainly
rinted on the bottle. Adv.
"Snow in the city Is pestiferous, in
he suburbs a poem," opines the Naiti
nore American. To which the Syra
use i 'ost-Standard rejoins: "Snow is
delight in city and country when 6t
loesn't dlegenerate into siush."
Infections or inflammations of the Eyes,
!hether from external or internal causes,
re promptly healed by the use of Roman
ye Balsam. at night upon retiring. Adv.
First Tramb -[ wish I could git off
ese fast freights for a ride in a first
Seconi Tramp-Eery cloud has its
iver lining. lin de passeiger coach
i're is fin ix 1111d saw to remiid you
l' 1 wood pi4e.
henever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
iill Tonic is equally valuable as a Gen
al Tonic because it contains the well
iown tonic prooerties of QUININE and
tON. It acts on the Liver, Drives out
:alaria, Enriches the Blood and Builds
? the Whole System. 50 cents.
Foolish Striving After Happiness.
We all seek happiness so eagerly
limt iII the pllrsiuit we oftenl lose that
>yous sense of exisence, ani those
1L et ai tily pleasiures, the viliuie of
hieh our pride alone prevents us from
:knowledging.-Sir Arthur Ielps.
Shutting Him Off.
Newpop- lhave a three-year-old
.y that is untisuiaty smart.
Nagshy-Yes, so I have been tol(.
Newpop (flaitlered)-Ah, who told
Niigsby-Youm did(-a muomnent ago.
Still on the Job.
Hlyker--My wife's mother has been
'ig for. the last five years.
I'yteir-And she isn't dlead yet?-9-.
Ilyker-No, s-le's v-ery muclh alive. -
mn secc, when her- hunsband cr-oaked he
rt her his dy,ehious-e.
"What on earth d1i lhat fellow mneana
ben hie said. he wats a per-egrinating
destr iian, ('ast igatinig his itinerary
oma the classic Athens (if Amner'i a"
"He meiat lhe was a tramiiip heaitinog
s way from Bost on."
"I see flhat your' wiomana recporter has
"'I guess t hiit Is hie'giau~'sie shilts
0o inuc-ih powder- on her' nose for
Not an Occasion for Praise.
Tn doing what we ought we dieserv'e
>pr-aise, because it is our duty.-St.
You can't always judIge the dinner
, the price.
efore starting the youngsters
school give them a piping
ot cup of
chool teachers, doctors and+
>Od experts agree on two
oints--that the child needs
hot drink, and that the
rink shouldn't be coffee.
ostum fills the need admir
bly and its very extensive use '+
mon~g thoughtful parents,
rupled with the child's fond
ess for this flavory, nourish
ag food-drink, show how
amnpletely it meets the re- -
"There's a Reason" e
to change in price, quality,
or aiza e ~akae